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Summer Math Packet – Entering Geometry 2014

Notes to student:
1. We encourage you to work on this packet throughout the summer rather than doing the
entire packet at the start or end of summer. The goal is to keep the topics you have
learned fresh in your mind!
2. You should complete this packet to the best of your ability by attempting every problem
and showing your work. Use extra paper when needed, clearly identifying the problem.
3. It is okay if you cannot solve all of the problems – you should not feel obligated to hire
an outside tutor.
4. If you feel you are having too much trouble with the packet, please contact Morgan
(morganbrown@grauerschool.com) immediately so that we can better help prepare
you for next year.
5. This packet is due the first day of school in your math class. It will be reviewed in class
and entered as a homework score.
This packet contains three parts:
Part 1 – Review of Algebra 1
Part 2 – Review of older math concepts useful for Geometry
Part 3 – Online Khan Academy Modules for Extra Review

Part 1 – Review of Algebra 1
Properties of Numbers
Combine + simplify each expression
according to PEMDAS and the properties
of numbers.
1. 4 + 2(-3) – 16 =

5. ( ) ( )

2. 3  2  32   5

6.

3. 12 24  16  5  6 

7. (

2

4.

4 3


7 28

8. ( )

)

( )

1500 South El Camino Real • Encinitas • CA 92024 – 4908
(760)944-6777 • fax (760)944-6784 • morganbrown@grauerschool.com

(a) √ 2a  2b 6 2ab (c) √ (b) √ Proportions 1. Reduce each ratio to lowest terms 6 x5 85 x (a) (b) 100 15 x 3 (d) √ (c) 66x 2x 2 (d) 22x 2 121x 2 . When possible. reduce the square roots. Combine and simplify each expression to lowest terms (factor first if possible) 3(4  x) 3x x  (a) (b) 2  2 x  8  x 2 (c) 4(2 x  3)  8  4 x (d) (e) (f) 3. Solve each equation for x (you answer may be a number or have other variables in it): x (a) 6  3  (b) 3(4  x)  2  7 2 (c) 4(2 x  3)  8  4 x (e) x4 6  2 y 3 (g) 3x 2 + 2x = 3x(x + 1) + 1 (d) 2a  4b  6 x  8 (f) 2 x  4 x  5  10  4 y  8 y  9 (h) ( x 2 )3  27 x3 2.Properties of Variables 1.

x-intercept. 2) and (-1. y-intercept. Solve each equation for y in terms of x (your answer will have x in it): (a) 2 x  4 y  5 (b) 3x  6  2 y 2. Reduce each expression (this may require factoring first) 3x 2 (3x +15) (a) · (x + 5) 6x ( x + 3) (b) 10 (x + 3)9 · 2x Functions 1. and equation for a line through points (1. 6). Graph the two equations in problem 1 above. identify the slope. Find the slope. Given the equation: f ( x)  x 2  3 .2. find the new equation if you: (a) move the graph left 3 and up 2 (b) reflect the graph over the x axis (c) stretch the graph out by a factor of 3 Linear Equations 1. Given the equation: f ( x)  x 2  3 (a) find f(2) (b) what value(s) of x makes f(x) = 46 2. and find the x and y intercepts: (a) (b) 3. 4. Define “domain” and “range” for a function .

Solve by substitution 3. Solve using the substitution method. Solve by graphing 2. Solve using the elimination method: 2x  3 y  6 y  2 x  2 5 x  8 y  11 4x  4 y  2 6. then graph both on the same set of axis. Solve each inequality for y. 5. shading the solution: (a) 2 x  4 y  8 (b) 3x  6  2 y . What is the meaning of the points of intersection of the graphs as compared to the solution points when you solved the equation? 4.Systems of Equations Given the system of equations: f1 (x) = 6x + 2 f2 (x) = 2x + 6 1.

Then graph each. Find the vertex. Completely factor each polynomial: (a) 3x3  2 x 2 (b) 7 y 2  7 y (c) 3e2 x  3x2 (d) x2  12 x  36 (e) x2  7 x  18 (f) 3x2  9 x  12 2. roots. (a) f(x) = x2  7 x  18 (b) f(x) = 3x2  9 x  12 (c) ( ) ( )( ) (d) ( ) ( ) . y-intercept. and zeroes of each quadratic equation.Quadratic Functions 1.

Sketch a drawing of the protractor. Examine a protractor (use an internet image if you don’t have one at home). Explain why a protractor has 2 sets of degree markings from 0 to 180. b. labeling the markings at 10 degrees increments. .Part 2 – Review of Older Concepts 1. going in opposite directions.

6. .

8. .7.

khanacademy.org/math/arithmetic/applying-math-reasoningtopic/multistep-word-problems-tut/e/multistep-equations-without-variables 2. you may skip that section.org *Note: Khan Academy often changes the URL.khanacademy.9.org/math/trigonometry/polynomial_and_rational/quad_form ula_tutorial/e/solving_quadratics_by_taking_the_square_root . and follow these links to complete the modules. Morgan has six dollars in quarters. please create a free account using your grauer school email as the login. Part 3 – Khan Modules This last section contains Khan Academy Modules you should complete. 1.khanacademy. Multistep Equations without Variables https://www. d. q and dimes. If you have never used Khan before. They are correct & active links as of 6/1/2014. The website is: www. so if these links do not work. Solving Quadratics by Taking the Square Root https://www.

khanacademy.khanacademy.org/math/geometry/basicgeometry/perimeter_area_basics/e/perimeter_of_squares_and_rectangles 7. Area of Squares and Rectangles https://www.org/math/algebra/pythagoreantheorem/e/pythagorean_theorem_1 . Similar Triangles 2 https://www.org/math/geometry/basicgeometry/perimeter_area_basics/e/area_of_squares_and_rectangles 6.org/math/trigonometry/polynomial_and_rational/quad_factor ing/e/solving_quadratics_by_factoring 4.khanacademy. Solving Quadratics by Factoring https://www. Perimeter of Squares and Rectangles https://www.org/math/geometry/similarity/triangle_similarlity/e/similar_ triangles_2 5.khanacademy.3. Pythagorean Theorem https://www.khanacademy.