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Syllabus for CFD for Fall Semester, it is useful to understand what one has to learn throughout the semester and one can go thorough the text books required.

Syllabus for CFD for Fall Semester, it is useful to understand what one has to learn throughout the semester and one can go thorough the text books required.

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Instructor

Dr. Carlo Scalo

Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering

Room ME2195, ME Building

West Lafayette, IN 47907-2045

Work: 765-496-0214, Mobile: 650-739-9506

Email: scalo@purdue.edu

Office Hours: by appointment

Teaching Assistant: Mr. Kukjin Kim, kim1625@purdue.edu

Prerequisites

Prerequisites for the course include basic knowledge of fluid mechanics, linear algebra, partial differential equations and

average programming skills. The use of Python is strongly recommended but not mandatory. The class content is structured

in such a way to allow talented undergraduate students to successfully complete the coursework.

Course Objectives

The course will cover traditional aspects of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) while providing exposure to the latest

generation of high-level dynamic languages and version-control software. The course will cover the following topics:

1. Spatial & Temporal Discretizations

2. Linear Advection & Diffusion Equation

3. Poisson and Heat Equations

4. Navier-Stokes Solvers

with a focus on incompressible flow and turbulent simulations. Students will be expected to write their own complete

Navier-Stokes solver from scratch as a final project.

Sample mesh (left) and flow visualization (right) from a transonic turbulent calculation of the flow around a

McDonnell-Douglas 30P/30N multi-body airfoil. Courtesy of Prof. Julien Bodart (Universite de Toulouse, ISAE, France)

Grade Distribution

Homework assignments and final reports turned in LATEX and/or with supporting images generated in vector graphics are

strongly encouraged (points will be detracted from messy reports, with unclear figures and text). The grade distribution is:

(5%) Homework 0: Computing Environment Setup

(25%) Homework 1: Spatial Discretization

(25%) Homework 2: Linear Advection & Diffusion Equation

(25%) Homework 3: First Incompressible Navier-Stokes Solver

(20%) Final Project

Examples of source code will be provided in Python only. The use of Python is strongly recommended but not mandatory.

Collaboration on the homework assignment is encouraged but submissions need to be individual. Note that it is trivial to

check whether parts of source code have been copied.

Textbooks

With the exception of programming tutorials, all of the lecture material will be explained at the blackboard to facilitate a

dynamic discussion. Some of the course material will be based on selected pages from the following textbooks:

Ferziger, J., and M. Peric, Computational Methods for Fluid Dynamics, Third Edition, Springer, 2001

Pletcher, R. H., Tannehill, J. C., and Anderson, D., Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, Third Edition,

CRC Press, 2011.

R. Leveque, Finite Volume Methods For Hyperbolic Problems, Cambridge, 2004

Lloyd N. Trefethen, Finite Difference and Spectral Methods for Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations, unpublished

text, 1996, available at http://people.maths.ox.ac.uk/trefethen/pdetext.html

The first two will be the main reference textbooks for the course. The last two cover more theoretical and advanced topics.

Tentative Schedule

A tentative schedule is included below. The instructor reserves the right to (frequently) update it.

Monday

Aug 24th

Wednesday

Lecture 1

Introduction

Course Structure Overview

Homework 0:

Python, Linux, Git

31st

Lecture 4

Spatial Discretization

Pad`e Approximants

Modified Wavenumber

Reading:

Ferziger & Peric (2001) pp. 45 63;

Friday

26th

Lecture 2

Principles of Discretization

Discrete Operators

Matrix Multiplication

28th

Spatial Discretization

Polynomial Fitting

Taylor Expansion

multiplications, eigenvalues, ...)

Pletcher, et al. (2011) pp. 43 75;

Ferziger & Peric (2001) pp. 21 52.

Sep 2nd

Lecture 5

Homework 0 Due

Spatial Discretization

Pad`e Approximants (contd)

Homework 1 overview

Reading:

Ferziger & Peric (2001) pp. 45 63;

Lecture 3

4th

Lecture 6

Spatial Discretization

Python Session:

Homework 1 Starter

Reading:

Python Tutorial, Sections 2,3,4, and 5

Monday

7th

LABOR DAY

Wednesday

9th

Lecture 7

Spatial Discretization

Grid Transformations (1D)

Boundary Conditions:

periodic vs non-periodic

Reading:

Pletcher et al. (2011) pp. 329 337;

Ferziger & Peric (2001) pp. 47 58;

14th

Lecture 9

Spatial Discretization

Python Session:

Best Practices in Python

16th

Friday

11th

Lecture 8

Temporal Discretization

Explicit Euler & Upwind

Modified Equation

Reading:

Pletcher et al. (2011) pp. 103 124;

18th

NO CLASS

NO CLASS

Reading:

Python Tutorial, Sections 6,7 and 8

21st

Lecture 10

Temporal Discretization

Fourier/Von Neumann Analysis

Implicit Euler, MacCormack,

Adams-Bashforth, Leap Frog,

Crank-Nicholson

Reading:

Pletcher et al. (2011) pp. 82 95

28th

Lecture 13

Linear Advection & Diffusion

Homework 2 overview

23rd

Lecture 11

Homework 1 Due

Temporal Discretization

Runge-Kutta schemes

Reading:

Handouts, Chapter 4

Pletcher et al. (2011) pp. 124 125

30th

Lecture 14

Linear Advection & Diffusion

Python Session:

Homework 2 Starter

25th

Lecture 12

Temporal Discretization

-roots

Reading:

Handouts, Chapter 4

Oct 2nd

Lecture 15

Poisson and Heat Equations

2D spatial operators (DivGrad

operator)

Direct Methods

Reading:

Pletcher et al. (2011) pp. 147 152

5th

Lecture 16

Linear Systems of Equations

Iterative Methods: Jacobi,

Gauss-Seidel, Line Relaxation

Reading:

Handouts, Chapter 3

Pletcher et al. (2011) pp. 152 162

12th

October Break

19th

Lecture 21

Navier-Stokes Solvers

A traumatic introduction to the

incompressible Navier-Stokes

(MoureauBP JCP 2007) instead

of Ham JCP 2002

7th

Lecture 17

Linear Systems of Equations

Iterative Methods:

Over-Relaxation, ADI,

Multi-Grid

Reading:

Handouts, Chapter 3

Pletcher et al. (2011) pp. 152 162

14th

Lecture 19

Poisson and Heat Equations

Homework 3 overview (Part I)

Python Session: 2D

arrays/operators, fast indexing,

Homework 3 Starter

21st

Lecture 22

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Incompressible Navier-Stokes

equations: conservative vs

non-conservative form,

Lagrangian derivative

9th

Lecture 18

Linear Systems of Equations

Iterative Methods: Multi-Grid

(contd), Conjugate Gradient

Reading:

Handouts, Chapter 3

Pletcher et al. (2011) pp. 166 175

16th

Lecture 20

Homework 2 Due

Python Session

(contd)

23rd

Lecture 23

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Finite-Volume Approach,

Staggered Variable Collocation

Reading: Harlow & Welch (1965)

Monday

26th

Wednesday

28th

NO CLASS

NO CLASS

Friday

30th

Lecture 24

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Projection Method: Fractional

Step Method

Reading:

Chorin (1969), Kim & Moin (1985)

Nov 2nd

Lecture 25

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Algebraic Pressure Segregation

4th

Lecture 26

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Semi-Implicit Methods

suggested 2nd -order

discretization for

advection/diffusion terms

6th

Lecture 27

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Semi-Implicit Time

Advancement, prediction step:

Explicit-Euler, Runge-Kutta

9th

11th

Lecture 29

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Discrete kinetic energy

conservation, review of Ham,

et al. (2002)

13th

Lecture 30

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Homework 3 tutorial

18th

Lecture 32

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Boundary conditions in :

solenoidal condition

20th

Lecture 33

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Boundary conditions for

velocity-pressure formulation

Mass conservation in boundary

layers

Lecture 28

Homework 3 Due

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Kinetic energy conservation

properties of the incompressible

Navier-Stokes equations

16th

Lecture 31

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Vorticity-Streamfunction

( ) formulation (in 2D)

Piomelli & Scalo (2010)

23rd

NO CLASS

25th

Lecture 34

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Discussion of Final Project

27th

Lecture 35

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Pseudo-spectral methods:

introduction to DFT

Reading: : Pope (2000), Section 6.4;

Ferziger & Peric (2001), Section 3.10

30th

Lecture 36

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Pseudo-spectral methods

(contd)

De-aliasing

Dec 2nd

Lecture 37

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Python Session: Advection

diffusion equation and Poisson

equation with FFT

4th

Lecture 38

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Final Project:

office hours (2:00 - 3:30 pm)

7th

Lecture 39

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Final Project:

office hours (2:00 - 3:30 pm)

9th

Lecture 40

Navier-Stokes Solvers

Final Project:

office hours (2:00 - 3:30 pm)

11th

Lecture 41

Final Project Due

Grades Due:

December 22

References

A. J. Chorin (1969). On the convergence of discrete approximations to the Navier-Stokes equations. Math. Comp. 23:341

353.

J. Ferziger & M. Peric (2001). Computational Methods for Fluid Dynamics. Springer.

F. Ham, et al. (2002). A fully conservative second-order finite difference scheme for incompressible flow on nonuniform grids.

J. Comput. Physics 177(1):117133.

Harlow & Welch (1965). Numerical calculation of time-dependent viscous incompressible flow of fluid with free surfaces

8(21).

J. Kim & P. Moin (1985). Application of a Fractional-Step Method to Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations. J. Comput.

Phys. 59:308 323.

I. Orlanski (1976). Journal of Computational Physics 21:251 269.

U. Piomelli & C. Scalo (2010). Subgrid-scale modelling in relaminarizing flows. Fluid Dynamics Research 42(4):045510.

R. H. Pletcher, et al. (2011). Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer. CRC Press.

S. Pope (2000). Turbulent flows. Cambridge Univ Pr.

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