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HERVE

BARON

Engineering Training

Welcome to this presentation.
It is part of a suite of Engineering training modules.
It shows the activities and deliverables of the Electrical
discipline.
Comments are most welcome (herve.baron@gmail.com),
which I will incorporate for the benefit of all.

Hervé

© 2015 – Hervé Baron

Please download this file so that you can see my trainer’s
notes in the top left corner – latest Acrobat Pro feature.

HERVE
BARON

PROCESS

PLANT LAYOUT

EQUIPMENT

SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT

CIVIL

PIPING

PIPELINE

INSTRUMENTATION

ELECTRICAL

© 2015 – Hervé Baron

Engineering Training

HERVE
BARON

Process design
PFDs

P&IDs

H&M balance

Piping
Instrumentation

Process
data sheet

Equipment specification

Layout
Civil

We are
here

Electrical

© 2015 – Hervé Baron

Rotating
Pressure vessels
Fired equipment
Heat exchangers
Packages etc.

Vendor
drawings

HERVE
BARON

Electrical consumers list

© 2015 – Hervé Baron

Pumps

HERVE
BARON 𝜼𝜼𝒑𝒑𝒑𝒑𝒑𝒑𝒑𝒑

𝜼𝜼𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎 𝑾𝑾𝒉𝒉𝒉𝒉𝒉𝒉𝒉𝒉

= 𝑸𝑸 ∗ 𝝆𝝆 ∗ 𝒈𝒈 ∗ ∆𝑯𝑯

Mechanical/shaft power 𝑾𝑾𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎

= 𝑾𝑾𝒉𝒉𝒉𝒉𝒉𝒉𝒉𝒉 𝜼𝜼𝒑𝒑𝒑𝒑𝒑𝒑𝒑𝒑

Electrical power 𝑾𝑾𝒆𝒆𝒆𝒆𝒆𝒆𝒆𝒆

= 𝑾𝑾𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎 𝜼𝜼𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎

© 2015 – Hervé Baron

Hydraulic power

Electric motor HERVE BARON Stator coils Magnetic field created © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical motor © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical distribution © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON General one line diagram © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

0 Time (Seconds) 12.5 15.5 10.5 47.5 48.0 17.0 .0 7.0 7.5 5.5 49.0 17.Calculations HERVE BARON VOLTAGE OF MS-001 (STUDY1) 10000 9900 9800 Bus Volt a ge (Volt s ) 9700 9600 9500 9400 9300 9200 9100 9000 8900 8800 0.0 Bus Frequency (Hz) 49.0 47.0 0.0 © 2015 – Hervé Baron 48.5 10.5 20.5 5.5 15.0 FREQUENCY OF MS-001 (STUDY1) 50.0 Time (Seconds) 12.5 20.0 2.0 2.

Equipment sizing HERVE BARON Turbogenerator Switchgear © 2015 – Hervé Baron Transformer .

HERVE BARON Main Electrical Equipment © 2015 – Hervé Baron Typical FPSO power generation: 3 * 30 MW GTG on one module .

HERVE BARON Main Electrical Equipment Very high voltage switchgear: GIS (Gas Insulated Switchgear) © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Main Electrical Equipment High voltage switchgear © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Main Electrical Equipment Low Voltage switchgear © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

Main Electrical Equipment Low Voltage switchgear HERVE BARON 1 Main supply 2 Incomer CB 3 Main Busbar 3 4 Distribution column 2 1 © 2015 – Hervé Baron 4 .

HERVE BARON Equipment data sheet © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Switchboard single line diagram © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON MCC typical diagram © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Control System © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Control System © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

pumps in process and utility units From emergency (diesel) generators .Electrical Control System Load shedding HERVE BARON From main power generators To essential consummers e.g. fire water pump © 2015 – Hervé Baron To normal consummers e.g.

EDG take 15-30s to start.HERVE BARON Classification of power consumers  Emergency consumer: Consumer affecting personal safety whether directly or indirectly and inducing risk of major damages on installation or equipment. ESD. Telecom etc. . Emergency power supply: UPS Uninterrupted Power Supply (batteries+inverter)  Essential consumer: Consumer involved in the safeguard of equipment or installation and in the restarting of the installation after a plant shutdown. © 2015 – Hervé Baron  Normal consumer: Consumer which has no effect either on the safety or the safeguard of installation or equipment in case of normal generation failure.g. e. Example: process users etc. heater to prevent chemical freezing. buildings HVAC. Example: all systems: DCS. MOVs. Example: Power generation auxiliaries.. fire water pumps. pumps lube oil Essential power fed from EDG = Emergency Diesel Generator Essential power is NOT a no-break power supply. for process cool down. process consumers required to operate for some time after shutdown.

HERVE BARON Electrical Equipment layout drawing © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Cable schedule & routing drawings © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Typical installation drawings © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical installation standards © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical installation standards © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Block diagram © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Trouble shooting diagrams © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Lighting layout drawings © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Calculations Main calculations done on a project are : • • • • • • • Load flow analysis Short circuit analysis Cable sections Motor starting impact Transient phenomena (Loss of a generator for example) Protection coordination Harmonic analysis © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Calculations Main calculations done on a project are : • • • • • • • Load flow analysis Short circuit analysis Cable sections Motor starting impact Transient phenomena (Loss of a generator for example) Protection coordination Harmonic analysis © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Calculations Main calculations done on a project are : • Load flow analysis © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Calculations Main calculations done on a project are : • Load flow analysis Scope: Calculates the value of current and voltage for each equipment and cable © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Calculations Main calculations done on a project are : • Load flow analysis Scope: Calculates the value of current and voltage for each equipment and cable Purpose: • Verification of equipment sizing ( no overload) • Cable sizing vs loading and voltage drop © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Calculations Main calculations done on a project are : • • • • • • • Load flow analysis Short circuit analysis Cable sections Motor starting impact Transient phenomena (Loss of a generator for example) Protection coordination Harmonic analysis © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Calculations Main calculations done on a project are : • Load flow analysis • Short circuit analysis Purpose: • Check equipment rating vs short circuit to ensure that a fault will not destroy the equipment or burn the cables • Gives the values of fault current at the different points of the circuit for protection relay setting © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Calculations Main calculations done on a project are : • Load flow analysis • Short circuit analysis © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

Electrical Calculations HERVE BARON Main calculations done on a project are : • • • • • • • Load flow analysis Short circuit analysis Cable sections Motor starting impact Transient phenomena (Loss of a generator for example) Protection coordination Harmonic analysis How is the section of a cable calculated? © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Calculations Main calculations done on a project are : • Load flow analysis • Short circuit analysis • Cable sections Cable sections are calculated based on: • Short circuit current • Rated load current vs Ampacity of cable (includes derating for installation: buried<above ground) • Voltage drop © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Calculations Main calculations done on a project are : • Load flow analysis • Short circuit analysis • Cable sections Cable sections are calculated based on: • Short circuit current • Rated load current vs Ampacity of cable (includes derating for installation: buried<above ground) • Voltage drop © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Calculations Main calculations done on a project are : • Load flow analysis • Short circuit analysis • Cable sections Cable sections are calculated based on: • Short circuit current • Rated load current vs Ampacity of cable • Voltage drop © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Electrical Calculations Main calculations done on a project are : • • • • • • • Load flow analysis Short circuit analysis Cable sections Motor starting impact Transient phenomena (Loss of a generator for example) Protection coordination Harmonic analysis © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

0 7.0 2.5 15.0 Time (Seconds) 12.5 5.5 10.0 17.0 © 2015 – Hervé Baron 9200 .Electrical Calculations HERVE BARON Main calculations done on a project are : • • • • • Load flow analysis Short circuit analysis Cable sections Motor starting impact Transient phenomena (Loss of a generator for example) VOLTAGE OF MS-001 (STUDY1) 10000 9900 9800 Bus Volt a ge (Volt s ) 9700 9600 9500 9400 9300 9100 9000 8900 8800 0.5 20.

HERVE BARON Electrical Calculations Main calculations done on a project are : • • • • • • • Load flow analysis Short circuit analysis Cable sections Motor starting impact Transient phenomena (Loss of a generator for example) Protection coordination Harmonic analysis © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Selectivity What does selectivity mean? © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON Selectivity What does selectivity mean? Which circuit breaker should open first upon fault on consumer? © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

Motors. CAlCULATIONS Supply specifications & data sheets • Electrical requirements for packaged units • Generators. UPS • ACS Diagrams • Single line diagrams • ACS architecture • Typicals © 2015 – Hervé Baron List & preliminary calcs • Electrical consumers list • Power balance Electrical Engineering in a nutshell . Transformers.HERVE BARON DESIGN BASES Design specification: • Electrical General Design basis Diagrams • Overall Single line diagram EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS INSTALLATION DRAWINGS. switchgear.

CAlCULATIONS Supply specifications & data sheets • Electrical requirements for packaged units • Generators. lighting etc.HERVE BARON DESIGN BASES Design specification: • Electrical General Design basis Diagrams • Overall Single line diagram EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS INSTALLATION DRAWINGS. grounding. • Substation layouts Diagrams • Single line diagrams • ACS architecture • Typicals Calculations • Load flow analysis • Short circuit • Relay setting © 2015 – Hervé Baron List & preliminary calcs • Electrical consumers list • Power balance Electrical Engineering in a nutshell . switchgear. Motors. UPS • ACS Installation drawings • Cable routing & schedule • Typical wiring diagrams • Standard drawings: power. Transformers.

.. Much more? © 2015 – Hervé Baron .HERVE BARON The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide 2nd edition Do you want to know more.

HERVE BARON The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide .2nd edition Table of Contents © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide .. © 2015 – Hervé Baron .2nd edition Table of Contents This suite of training modules covered the discipline chapters of the book..

2nd edition Table of Contents The Guide contains much more: The overall picture. © 2015 – Hervé Baron . interfaces. methods & tools. etc.HERVE BARON The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide .

2nd edition Table of Contents © 2015 – Hervé Baron .HERVE BARON The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide .

HERVE BARON The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide .2nd edition Table of Contents © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

HERVE BARON The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide .2nd edition Table of Contents © 2015 – Hervé Baron .

com/en/catalogu e-detail/1111/oil-gas-engineering-guidethe.HERVE BARON The Oil & Gas Engineering Guide 2nd edition Order direct from the publisher: http://www.editionstechnip.html © 2015 – Hervé Baron .