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Kumaon or Kumaun is one of the two regions and administrative divisions of Uttarakhand, a

mountainous state of northern India, the other being Garhwal. It includes the districts
of Almora, Bageshwar,Champawat, Nainital, Pithoragarh, and Udham Singh Nagar. It is bounded on the
north by Tibet, on the east by Nepal, on the south by the state of Uttar Pradesh, and on the west by
the Garhwal region. The people of Kumaon are known as Kumaonis and speak the Kumaoni language.
It is home to a famous Indian Army regiment, the Kumaon Regiment.
Important towns of Kumaon
are Haldwani, Nainital, Almora, Pithoragarh, Rudrapur, Kashipur, Pantnagar, Mukteshwarand Ranikhet. N
ainital is the administrative centre of Kumaon Division and this is where the Uttarakhand high court is
located.[1]
Kumauni or Kumaoni are people from the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, India living in the eight districts
of Almora, Bageshwar,Champawat, Pithoragarh, Nainital, Dehradun, Udham Singh Nagar and Pauri.
Kumaoni language[edit]
Their Kumaoni language forms the Central subgroup of the Pahari languages.
Kumaoni is one of the 325 recognized Indian languages, and is spoken by over 2,360,000 (1998) people.
Amongst its dialects, the Central Kumauni is spoken in Almora and northern Nainital, North-eastern
Kumauni is in Pithoragarh, South-eastern Kumauni is in South-eastern Nainital, Western Kumauni is west
of Almora and Nainital.
UNESCO’s Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger designates Kumaoni as language in the unsafe
category and which requires consistent conservation efforts.
Dialects of Kumaon region
In all, there are 20 dialects spoken in the Kumaon region, including, Johari, Majh Kumaiya, Danpuriya,
Askoti, Sirali, Soryali, Chaugarkhyali, Kumaiya, Gangoli, Khasparjia, Phaldakoti, Pachhai, and
Rauchaubhaisi.
Scholars also consider the heavy influence of Kumaoni on the Palpa language of Nepal.
Tibeto-Burman (NOT dialects of Kumaoni; these non-Indo-European languages are indeed spoken in
Kumaon)

Culture
Tradition of Uttrakhand-AIPAN

It is a favorite dish and like by everyone. Then dots of larger size are printed all over. lace and kinari or jhalar is stitched to make is more colourful. attractive and lively. Sun. It is an octagonal geometry with lotus petals and a swastik is drawn at the center. upanayan or mundon. A Bell with ‘Om’ and Goddess are drawn. impressive culture. Sweet Dishes Jhangora ki Kheer: Jhangora is a cereal that is only found in Uttrakhand hills.Aipan is one of the traditional art (painting form) of Kumaon. which used to spread on getting moist. dry fruits and Jhangora. However. In olden days. mouthwatering dishes. to perform rituals while others are for particular God / Goddess and a few for aesthetic look. Common colours available in market were used for it earlier but now Rapid colours are being used. The homemade pichhora were printed with ordinary colours. It has a special significance and mandatory for all married women in the family or close relation. <-Singori: . A few meters of white cloth was washed and dyed first in yellow colour and then dots were printed with the help of a coin wrapped in cloth. After border. These are beautifully designed decorative aipan with great aesthetic value. traditions and more so over its exquisite. Flowers or imprints. The door steps are decorated with this type of aipan in combination with ‘Vasudhara’ the vertical lines made by dripping the ‘biswar’ (Rice floor solution made by soaking the rice and then grinding it which is used for drawing aipan). with the wind of modernization blowing. CUISINES Kumaon has its own distinct. Shankh (Cronch shell). Rangwali Pichhora Rangwali Pichhaura is a garment worn at ceremonial occasions in Uttarakhand. These are mostly drawn for decorative purpose. The swastik is made by drawing some geometrical drawings or leaves and flowers and then surrounded by small dots. It is high on taste as well as nutritious. this art is depleting fast. cultural and religious significance. sugar. The traditional aipan of Kumaon are drawn in linear art. This art is carried over generation by generations and mothers pass it on to their daughters and daughter in laws. Some of these artistic creations have great religious importance and these are drawn during particular religious ceremonies or auspicious occasions such as marriages. it was made at home. Being sweet in taste it is a favorite dish if localities. those as per social traditions. houses. This printing is surrounded by a beautiful border. The process of drawing / printing by hand was very tiresome and sometime the results were also not so good. In the center. naming ceremony etc. It has great social. and main entry doors of house and in front courtyard. aipan are popularly drawn at places of worship. Bal Mithai:-> It is a very popular sweet dish of this fascinating region. geometrical designs. In Uttarakhand. It is prepared with milk. From bride to great grandmother. every women in the family wear it on occasions be it namkarna or marriage. a ‘Swastik’ is drawn and in four quadrant of swastik. they are not supposed to wear colourful garments. Another salient feature of Rangwali Pichhora is that it can be put on by widows also. Threading ceremony. Aipans are known by different names and is in popular in many parts of India with larger variations. This aipan is drawn at the place where ‘Havan’ is performed.

coriander leaves and some time with tomatoes garnish it also. It is mainly served at lunchtime and highly enriched with cucumber. Bhaang Ki Khatai (Sour Chutney) This is very tasty sour Chutney. green chilies. This is a dish. A special feature of this sweet is that is requires a leaf named 'Molu" which is found in the hills of Uttrakhand. Red fried chilies. It is local sweet snack. Sani Hui Mooli and Nimbu-> (Radish and Lemon with Spices) Wow! Mouth waters the moment you have a flavor of this refreshing and tempting mixture of radish. Its specially is that it is only prepared during festivals. curd and paste of bhang seeds. The most exciting thing of this dish is the way of serving. Some Green Vegetables Sisunak Saag: Sisunak saag is enhanced by high nutritious value. It is usually eaten during winter seasons. which is a local cereal and very high in fiber which makes it very nutritious. mustard seeds. Mixed Dal Salad-> Mixed Dal salad is taken as an appetizer. The leaves from where this saag is prepared are locally known as "Bichhu Ghas". <-Alu ke Gutke: Alu ke gutke is a typical Kumaon snacks and is enjoyed by all. Kaapa:-> This is a green curry that is served in lunch or dinner and is eaten with Bread. It consists of a number of Dals. It is serve before meals as it enhance hungry. Roti & Boiled Rice. Banana is also used in this dish. It gives the tasty flavor of every ingredient used and is a favorite dish of Kumaon people **********************  Fairs and Festivals . It is a green leafy vegetables dish and is liked by everyone.Another testy sweet which is a specialty of Kumaon and is prepared from Khoya (Condensed Milk) and coconut. It is very spicy. Singal:-> It is a high calorie sweet. Pita. Dishes of various ingredients Rus-> Rus is a typical delicacy of Kumaon. It is very delicious and nutritious too. which is very sumptuous as well as nutritious since it is a special preparation of Spinach. which is served with snacks and is also eaten with certain meals. coriander etc. lemon. Different Type of Breads <-Mandua ki Roti: It is a Chappati made of Mandua Flour. APPETIZER Kumaoni Raita: Raita in Kumaon is prepared in a very special way unlike Raita' made in other parts.

nagphani (ननगफनर) and ransing (रणससस घ) belonging to the brass instrument family are traditional instruments of the Kumaon division. damau (दमनऊ) which are also native to Kumaun are played by professional musicians known as dholies. folk stories and simple life of the people of Uttarakhand. The folk music primarily is related to the various festivals. The fact that the great Swami Vivekananda came to Almora and gained enlightenment in a small cave at Kasar Devi adds the trivia to give a lot more significance to the place. Apart from these. including ceremonial mandals.and many other forms of folk dances. The hurka is played by the“jurkiya” and the dancer accompanying him. folk dance. is situated here. is situated 6kms from Almora at a place called Chitai. bina. is a pilgrim spot that attracts a large of pilgrims. [5] . at one time. the famous cave Goddess. The Music and its development have seen various phases of growth and have undergone lots of transformation during the course of time. Masakbeen(मसकबरन) or Bagpipe introduced by the British in Kumaun as instruments played in marching bands were assimilated into the wide range of instruments played. during the fair days at Navratri in October. Shrawan Mela. The popular folk songs are Malushahi. Percussion instruments like dhol (ढढल).  Music and Dance Kumaonis are fond of music. and hurka. Pandukholi Situated 10kms. martial panwaras and melancholy khuded. they often dance the Jharva. twin flute) a type of double flute native to Kumaun is also played. from Doonagiri.” is usually his wife or daughter. Doonagiri mela Doonagiri. Gananath and Jageshwar. this place is known as Doonagiri. that decided several pleas received from the distressed people of the region. thadya and jhoda. Chandhur Chhapalior. known as “hurkiyari. and Hurkiya Bol. They go from place to place narrating folklores. There are many kinds of folk songs from the area. Gananath Mela in October-November and Dwarahat Mela held in April are some other important festivities of the region. many other places are worth visiting around Almora like Kosi temple. the nine note flute) akind of flute and jyonya (जयययन) (lit. Sacrifices of goats are offered to the deity which was. built in the memory of Gollu Devta. a sort-of law court. the temple is famous for the caves built here by the Pandavas. The turi (तत रर). noted for its ancient Durga Temple. during winter and summer moths. Folk music of Uttarakhand refers to the traditional and contemporary songs of Kumaon and Garhwal regions in the foothills of Himalayas and has its root in the lap of nature. Bair. religious traditions. The pure and blessed music have the feel and the touch of nature and subjects related to nature. Woodwind instruments like the nausuriya muruli (ननसत सरयन मत रलर) (lit. in the picturesque and older part of the town. a piece fell at this place and since that day. and songs accompanied by local musical instruments like murli. Kasar Devi Mela A fair is held twice a year. are used. Chitai Temple This sacred temple. Jageshwar fair in July & August. According to one. During fairs and festivals and at harvest time. when Hanuman was carrying the Sanjiwani booty to save Lakshman. Doonagiri Doonagiri is extremely rich in historical and religious significance and has many myths attached to it. A temple of Vaishno Devi. Thus the songs of Uttarakhand are a true reflection of the Cultural Heritage and the way people live their lives in the Himalayas. singing the praise of their gods and goddesses. Doonagiri is abuzz with activity in Chait and Ashwin months of Navaratris as many festivals are celebrated around that time. were earlier used in battles to increase the morale of the troops.

Ganesh etc.Makar Sankranti is known as Ghughutia. whichever may be its form. The Khari Holi is mostly celebrated in the rural areas of Kumaon. Chholiya (Kumaoni-छढसलयन) is a dance form practised in the Kumaun region of Uttarakhand. knives. Bageshwar and Almora of Kumaon division and has even spread to the Garhwal division. People put the blades of freshly cut Harela on their heads and send them to their relatives and friends as well. This is to welcome the birds back from their migration. Champawat. However. . Harela and Bhitauli On the first day of the navaratris (nine day holy period) of the month of Chaitra women fill baskets with soil and sow seven types of grains in them. On the morning of Ghughutia. These yellow leaves. The Baithki Holi begins from the premises of temples. called Harela. and worship them. During the month of Chaitra (March-April) brothers send presents to their sisters and parents to their daughters. children wear the deep fried sweets as necklaces and sing a folk song associated with Kale Kauva to attract black crows and other birds and offer them pieces of the deep fried sweets. 2016 in India is famous for a unique ritual in Uttarakhand. be it the Baithki Holi. The grains germinate symbolizing the future harvest. The songs of the Khari Holi are sung by the people. Makar Sankranti is also known as Kale Kauva means ‘black crow. The Makar Sankranti festival that is observed on January 15. are cut on the tenth day and people put them on their heads and behind their ears.’ People make Deep-fried sweets from sweetened flour (flour and gur) and shape them like drums. On this day people make Dikaras or clay statues of Gauri. the Khari Holi or the Mahila Holi. It is basically a sword danceaccompanying a marriage procession but now it is performed on many auspicious occasions. pomegranates.The Baithki Holi and Khari Holi are unique in that the songs on which they are based have touch of melody. Even the overworked bullocks are given a rest on the occasion of Harela. or Kale Kauva. welcomes birds back from the winter migration. fun and spiritualism. or Kale Kauva. Maheshwar.[1] It is especially popular in the districts of Pithoragarh. dance in groups to the tune of ethnic musical instruments. In fact Ghughuti itself is the name of a bird exclusive to Uttarakhand. where Holiyars (the professional singers of Holi songs) as also the people gather to sing songs to the accompaniment of classical music. Festivals Kumaoni Holi The uniqueness of the Kumaoni Holi lies in its being a musical affair. These presents are called Bhitauli. swords and are strung into a necklace. the more popular Harela is the one that is celebrated in the month of Shravan to commemorate the wedding of Lord Shiva and Parvati and to welcome the rainy season and the new harvest. who sporting traditional white churidar payajama and kurta.

[4] Chholiya is performed in marriages and is believed to be auspicious as it provides protection from evil spirits and demons. face covered with sandal wood paste as if ready for battle equipped withtulwar swords and brass shields.Bedupako. offline radio description can be tuned at [2] Apart from its origins in the martial traditions of the people of Kumaun. the taanka on their heads. history and contemporary scenario of Chholiya dance. the first global radio of Uttarakhand recently telecast the significance. it also has religious significance. Their costume resembles the costume of the ancient martial warriors that inhabited Kumaun. the chola. [6] . This art form is mainly performed by the Rajput community in their marriage processions. Donning the traditional Kumauni attire white churidar payajama.

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