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Semester: V

Course: Forensic Science
Goswami & Dr. T. Mathew

Faculty: Ms. H.

National Law
Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India)
Course Outline
Forensic Science


B.Sc., LL.B.(Hons.)
Semester: VI (Batch:2012-2017)
Session: January-May 2015

Ms. Heena Goswami
Assistant Professor of Science & Technology
Mob.: +918128650831
Dr. Thomas Mathew
Registrar In-Charge & Associate Professor of
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0 Teaching methodology 09 6. Contents Page No. Mathew Faculty: +918128650887 Mob.Semester: V Course: Forensic Science Goswami & Dr.0 Contact hours 11 Page 2 of 13 . No.0 Detailed course-outline 05 4. H.0 Proposed teaching schedule 04 3.0 Objectives of the course 03 2. T. 1.0 Evaluation pattern 10 7. Science & Technology E-mail: tmathew@gnlu.0 Tentative dates for test/submission of project/GD. etc 10 8.0 Prescribed/Recommended readings 09 5.0 Important instructions to students 10 9.

Make significant and inventive curricula with a emphasis on compelling and proficient direction. Forensic scientists examine objects. substances (including blood or drug samples). Forensics or forensic science is the application of science to questions which are of interest to the legal system.0 Objectives of the Course           Forensic Science and Law includes providing of accurate. 1. Mathew Faculty: Ms. Advance and spread scientific and investigative scholarly and expert research. skin). drugs and firearms. trace evidence. chemicals (paints. or impressions (fingerprints or tidemarks) left at the crime scene. H. Forensic Science is able to do so because it has developed to operate within the reality determined by the Criminal Justice System. Page 3 of 13 . timely. and thorough information to all levels of decision makers in our criminal justice system. explosives. tissue traces (hair. T. Criminalistics is the application of various sciences to answer questions relating to examination and comparison of biological evidence. Forensic and applied Sciences today makes an important contribution to the operation of the Criminal Justice System providing evidence which could detect and help decide the guilt of a suspect. toxins). Forensic science is a multidisciplinary subject used for probing crime scenes and gathering evidence to be used in prosecution of offenders in a court of law.Semester: V Course: Forensic Science Goswami & Dr. impression evidence. Providing measurable mentorship and master seeing to national and universal courts.

6.9 Motor Vehicle investigation Practicals Crimes and 04 06 Page 4 of 13 . Injuries and Toxicology 10 V.4 Explosive substance 04 V.6.6.6 Forensic Psychology 06 V. H. of Sessions (Classes) Modules V.8 Forensic Biology 05 V.6.2 Evidentiary value of Fingerprinting & Other Impressions 08 V. No.6.6. T.6. Mathew Faculty: Ms.5 Questioned Document Examination 07 V.0 Proposed Teaching Schedule Module No.6.6.3 Death.Semester: V Course: Forensic Science Goswami & Dr. Postmortem Changes. 2.1 Introduction to Forensic Science and Forensic Evidences 05 V.7 Forensic Ballistics 06 V.

6. homicide. education of Forensic Science. Presentation of Expert Evidence: Data.V. Ridge details. Module. Central and State forensic laboratories in India. o Significance of Forensic Science. Criminal behaviour. H.Semester: V Course: Forensic Science Goswami & Dr.and management.and its types (robbery. o Criminalistics vs. Classification of Finger Prints. Type of Finger Prints. Criminal profiling. Evidence in the Court. o Role of Forensic scientists and Medico legal doctors. Page 5 of 13 . Expert Testimony.2 Sessions: 08  Evidentiary value of Fingerprinting & Other Impressions o Fingerprints: History and development of Fingerprints as science for Personal Identification.6. o Crime. Human Rights & Criminal Justice System. drowning explosives. role of Media. Tot al = ___61_____ 3. Palm and Sole prints identification. Criminology. arson). Latent Finger Print. o Modus operandi. Reports. T. Causes of Formation of Scene of Crime Finger Prints. Comparison of Finger Prints. o Crime scene. Corpus delicti. Mathew Faculty: Ms. suicide.1 Sessions: 05  Introduction to Forensic Science and Forensic Evidences o Introduction to Forensic Science.V.0 Detailed Course Outline Forensic Science Module.

H. drug dependency abuse and miscellaneous Poisons.Semester: V Course: Forensic Science Faculty: Ms. o Commonly used explosive devices explosion process and affects. cerebral poisons. putrefaction and disposal dead bodies. o Injuries: Legal aspects of injuries. Electrostatic lifting of latent footprints and comparison with reference sample. o Mechanical fits: Introduction and types of mechanical fits.4 Sessions: 04  Explosive substance o The classification of explosive substance. . o Tool marks: Introduction. High Court of Delhi. Case  Sapan Haldar & Anr. food poisons. vs The State on 11 August. Injuries due to electricity. 2013. collection and comparison of tool marks. o Identification of: Neurotic poisons.6. anaesthetic agents. Injuries and Toxicology o Definition of death: Death. 2011. location. mode of action. cardiac poisons. o The composition and characteristics of explosive substance. analysed by Supreme Court of India. effect of blast wave on structures. asphxiants. PM findings. Medico legal aspects of injuries and asphxial deaths. nature. Evaluation and analysis of various casts. Page 6 of 13 .V. spinal poisons. Irritants. Regional injuries. Lightening and radiation. Module. human etc. type. o Footprints: Importance. o Crime scene management in explosive cases. types of hazard. o Corrosive agents. 23 January. changes after death.V. T. Animal Poisons.3 Sessions: 10  Death. Thermal injuries. Plant Poisons: Nature. Forensic significance of various impression marks and its accountability in criminal investigation. Case  Rajiv Thapar & Ors vs Madan Lal Kapoor. Gait pattern analysis. o Diagnosis of poisoning in living and dead. Mathew Automated fingerprint identification system (AFIS). Postmortem Changes.6. Goswami & Dr. Mechanical injuries. Module.

additions. types and characteristics. Exposing.Semester: V Course: Forensic Science Faculty: Ms. Classification and Preliminary Examination. T. Consultancy. Page 7 of 13 . o Indented and Invisible Writings. o Classes of forensic psychology: Clinical. o Modern Developments in Photography. High Court of Patna. H. o Photography for Documents: Basic principles and techniques. Fundamental Divergences. Developing and Printing. Module. 11 January.V. Of Nct) Delhi.B. their working principles and uses. Experimental. Crime scene and Laboratory photography. Body signs and psychosomatic subtle changes. Case  Mohd. Standards for Comparison. Mathew o Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and punishments. o Overwriting and obliterations. Digital Photography. 22 October. importance and the role in justice delivery system. Development of Individuality in Handwriting. o Alterations in the document: erasures. Videography/High speed videography.6.6 Sessions: 06  Forensic Psychology o Introduction. o Brief introduction of Comparison of Handwriting: Natural Variations. o Advanced methods of examination of alterations as Projectina/videospectral comparator (VSC) and ESDA. 2014.5 Sessions: 07  Questioned Document Examination o Document in general: Importance. 2012 High Court of Delhi. Hussain @ Julfikar Ali vs The State (Govt.6. Statistical. Goswami & Dr. Psychotherapy. Individual Characteristics and Class characteristics. o Forgery: Definitions. Module.V. difference between psychology and psychiatry. Case  Dinesh Kumar Sharma vs The State Of Bihar Through C. o Handwriting Characteristics: General Characteristics.

The percussion lock firearms. nature. the fifteenth century Match lock. Experimentation and Research. o Ammunition: Types.P. S. the earliest firearms. identification of firearm injuries. The age of the flint lock. o Psycho-Physiological Detection of Deception (PDD).6.B. murder and self defence. o Internal Ballistics. velocity. Bullets. Case  Mohinder Singh Pandher vs C. 2013. Pellets and wads). The Subject. o Reconstruction: Accident. o Classification. analysed by Supreme Court of India.. Psychological Stress Evaluator (PSE).L. nomenclature and construction of country made firearms. Module. Peak of Tension Technique (POT) and Controlled Question Technique. Case  Sushil Sharma vs State (Nct) Of Delhi.L. characteristics and firing mechanism of smooth bored firearms (M. Mathew o Collection of Evidence: Case history studies.P. 2007 (also Nithari serial murders. Interviews and interrogations.V. Interrogation Room and Subject's Rights.. constructional features and range on the wounding. Page 8 of 13 . Rifles and Machine Guns). Hypnosis. H. effect of target. 14 December.E. suicide. Revolver. Truth Serum and Brain Printing. State Of U. evaluation of firearm injuries.7 Sessions: 06  Forensic Ballistics o Firearms: Early history of firearms. T..Semester: V Course: Forensic Science Faculty: Ms. o Operational environment of Questioning: The Examiner. Nithari Kand). o Gun Shot Residues (GSR): Mechanism of formation of GSR. Goswami & Dr. o Types of Questioning: Relevant-Irrelevant Question Technique (RIQ). Cartridge Components (Cartridge case primer propellant. o Firearm injuries: Ballistic aspect of firearm injuries. External Ballistics and Terminal Ballistics. 8 October. modern methods of analysis of GSR from the shooting hand & target with special reference to clothing.) Rifled firearms (Pistol. o Classification. B. Covert and overt observations.I. Sixteenth & seventeenth century small arms.

Forensic Biology o Bloodstain pattern analysis: morphology and types of hair and fibrestheir importance.Semester: V Course: Forensic Science Goswami & Dr. victim and the vehicle. collection of the evidence. documentation. 2015. recording and Page 9 of 13 . Identification of bones.V.V. diatoms as forensic evidence.  Practicals Sessions: 06 o Evaluation of reconstruction. identification of pug marks of various animals.6. nails. o Vehicular Accident Reconstruction: Introduction. Case  The State of Gujarat vs Jayantibhai Somabhai.9 Sessions: 04  Motor Vehicle Crimes and investigation o Road Accidents: Examination of scene. H. Breath analysis. o Wildlife Forensic: Identification of wild life materials such as skin. wood. o Theft of Vehicle. Forensic significance of body fluids and DNA profiling. horn and teeth by-conventional and modern methods. o Forensic Entomology: Insects of forensic importance and time since death. examination of skid marks. vehicle involved in terrorism and investigation. filaments examination. analytical tools used. Crime scene. study of Human skeleton. Mathew Module. o Analytical technique for the analysis of evidence involved in hit and run cases. T.6. leaves and seeds. o Forensic Anthropology: Nature and formation of bones. High Court of Gujarat at Ahmedabad. accident analysis. head light bulb filaments. restoration of erased serial numbers and engraved marks. skid marks and evaluation of speed. Module. o Drunken driving: Consequences of drunken driving. post-crash movements. Diatoms – habitat. converting scene data into an event sequence. 30 April. o Forensic Botany: Identification of Botanical evidence as Pollen grains.8 Sessions: 05  Faculty: Ms. fur bones. collision model and accident reconstruction calculations.

. Criminalistics. Delhi. 2010). (Jaypee Brothers Medical publishers (P) Ltd.Semester: V Course: Forensic Science Faculty: Ms. (New Central Book Agency (P) Ltd. Firearms and forensic ballistics. 3. 1990). 2010). Forensic science in criminal investigation and trials. 9.0 Prescribed/Recommended Readings Prescribed Readings 1. Ltd. 6. London. 2003). Sharma. R. 2005). 2003). Apurba Nandy. study of fundamental divergences and an identification of individual characteristics. Principles of forensic medicine including toxicology. Delhi. dog. (Delhi law house. H. (Taylor & Francis. Forensic casebook: science of crime scene Page 10 of 13 .S. 5. Lindblom. o Identification of handwriting general characteristics. Kelly and B. 8.S. 4.R. cow. Nageshkumar G Rao. Delhi. R. N. B. Textbook of forensic medicine & toxicology. (Universal Law publishing co. J. 2. B. o Examination of hair of different animals as cat. USA.James and J. (CRC Press... New York. S. 4. Sharma.N. o Identification of body fluids. 7. Forensic science in criminal investigation. Gaur. Pvt. Saferstein. (Universal Law publishing co. Mathew o To identify the correct fingerprint patterns and classify the fingerprints from Primary classification to key classification. Ltd. T. Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents. New York. Genge. Goswami & Dr. 2006). Pvt.H.J. Forensic Science: An introduction to scientific and investigative techniques. Nordby. o Examination of skid marks and tyre marks. 2007). S.E. study of natural variations in handwriting. horse and goat. (Prentice Hall. New Delhi.

Tom Warlow. William Goodwin. 2003). 9.England. (CRC Press. 2000). 3. (2nd Edition. investigation. Page 11 of 13 . An Introduction To Forensic Genetics. 2008). 2008). 6. 10. the law. (Vol. (Elsevier Science Publishing Co.Semester: V Course: Forensic Science Goswami & Dr. 5. Adrian Linacre and Sibte Hadi. Firearms. J. 2009). New York. Alan Gunn. Questioned Documents.. London. Encyclopedia of criminology and forensic science (Vol. Taylor and Francis Group. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd.1. Ltd. to Forensic Psychology. Bodziak. 8. New Delhi . Levinson. Anmol Publications Pvt. 1989). Bruce A. and forensic ballistics. T. (CRC Press. (CRC Press. Discovery publishing house. Ashbaugh.. 2. 4. David R. Essential Forensic Biology. Ashok Kumar. 2004). New Delhi. (Academic Press. Quantitative-Qualitative Friction Ridge Analysis: An Introduction to Basic and Advanced Ridgeology. 2007). Introduction (Academic Press.. Arrigo. (Ebury press . Boca Raton . 2009). London. 1999). New York. Asha Srivastava. Forensic Biology. Richard Li. Encyclopedia of forensic science. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Footwear Impression Evidence. Recommended Readings 1. 7. H.. William J. I. Mathew Faculty: Ms.

Semester: V Course: Forensic Science Goswami & Dr. etc Mid-term exam. The teaching methodology of the subject will not necessarily be Page 12 of 13 .0 Teaching Methodology     Using power point presentation.18 to 25 August. T. 8. Tokyo. Imitation of Crime Scene.3rd Week of August. 5. 2015. Continuous evaluation – 21 September.Investigation and reconstruction.0 Important Instructions to Students   The given course-outline is tentative. Presentation and Group discussion by students.0 Evaluation Pattern Evaluation: Marks Continuous Evaluation (Mid-term exam + Project/test+ Field visit) 20 +15+5=40 End-Semester Examination (Theory + Practicals) 40 +20=60 Total 100 7. 2015. Field Visit to Forensic Science Laboratory. The faculty-member may modify it while preparing the reference material and engaging the classes. 2000).0 Tentative Dates for Continuous Evaluation Tests/ Submission of Project/ GD. 2015. 6. H. Forensic Experts advisories and Opinions. Mathew Faculty: Ms.

Semester: V Course: Forensic Science Faculty: Ms.0 Contact Hours Days: Monday and Tuesday Timings: 03:00 to 04:00 pm Page 13 of 13 . 9. Mathew bound by the parameters shown here.  Recommended readings shall be referred to enhance the knowledge of the subject thoroughly.  Both faculty-member and students may mould it according to needs as and when they arise for better and progressive understanding of the subject in a flexible way. T. Goswami & Dr. H.