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# FLORIDA ATLANTIC UNIVERSITY

Department of Physics
PHY 6346 Homework Assignments
(Jackson: – Jackson’s homework problems)

Chapter 0
A0.1

Prove the following vector product rules:
  
  
  
(a) A  ( B  C )  B  (C  A)  C  ( A  B)
  
  
  
c
(b) A  ( B  C )  ( A  C ) B  ( A  B)C

   
   
   
b
(c) ( A  B)  (C  D)  ( A  C )( B  D)  ( A  D)( B  C )
   
   
 
   

(d) A  ( B  (C  D))  B( A  (C  D))  ( A  B)(C  D)
a
(e) Show that the volume of a triclinic primitive unit cell ( a  b  c,      ) is:
V  c  (a  b )  c  zˆ (ab sin  )  abcz sin 

V  abc sin  1  cos 2  

(cos   cos  cos  ) 2
 abc sin 2  sin 2   (cos   cos  cos  ) 2
2
sin 

(f) Show that the volume of a rhombohedral (trigonal) primitive unit cell
(a  b  c,      ) is:
V  c  (a  b )  a3 sin 4   cos2  (1  cos  )2  a3 (1  cos  ) 1  2cos 

A0.2

A0.3

A0.4

Prove the following product rules:

(a)   ( f A )  f (  A)  A  (f )
 

(b)   ( A  B)  B  (  A)  A  (  B)

(c)   ( f A)  f (  A)  A  (f )
Prove the following second derivatives:

(a)   (  A)  0
(b)   (f )  0

(c)   (  A)  (  A)   2 A
(d)  2 ( fg )  g 2 f  2f  g  f 2 g

If r is the coordinate of a point with respect to some origin, with magnitude r  r ,

rˆ  r / r is a unit radial vector, and f(r) is a well-behaved function of r, show that
1
r

(b)   

(a) r  rˆ ,
(d)  rˆ 

2

,

r2

(e)  r  0 ,

r

1

,

(c)  r  3 ,
(f)  

0,
r2

 r  r    (j)  (rˆ f (r ))  2 f / r  f / r . (c) (the parabolic path z  x 2 .0)  (0. and the three paths in Fig.5 A0.  b  (1.0) . (k)  (rˆ f (r ))  0 .1.1).0. r  (i) f (r )  df rˆ . Figure 3 2 .0. where m  mr rˆ  mˆ  mˆ is a  r  r constant vector.0)  (1.1) . (b) (0. (n) Given r = r = r  r  show that in spherical coordinates r momentum r 2  r 2  2r r   r 2  r 2  2rr  cos   r 2  r 2  2rr [cos  cos    sin  sin   cos(   )] and cos   cos cos   sin sin  cos(  ) (o) Given r = r = r  r  show that in cylindrical coordinates r r  r  s  s   2ss  cos(   )  ( z  z ) 2 2 2  p  rˆ  1 (p) Prove:   2   3 [ p  3( p  rˆ)rˆ] .1). and r  0 .0.6  Check the theorem of gradients using T  x 2  4 xy  2 yz 3 . Check the gradient theorem for function T  r (cos  sin  cos  ) using the path shown in Fig. where p  pr rˆ  pˆ  pˆ is a constant  r  r vector. A0. y = x.1: (a) (0. the points a  (0. 2. and r  0 .0.1.  m  rˆ  1 (q) Prove:   2   3 [3(m  rˆ)rˆ  m] .  rˆ  (g)    2   4 3 (r ) . dr  1    (h)  2      4 3 (r  r ) . where operator.1.0)  (1.0. [a  rˆ(a rˆ)]  rˆ(a rˆ) r r L  i (r ) is the angular (l) (a )rfˆ (r )  (m) (r a)  a  r ( a)  i(L  a) .1)  (1. f (r ) f .

 A0.0.12 (a) Show that  (kx)  3 . divergence theorem for the function   r 2 cos  rˆ  r 2 cos  ˆ  r 2 cos  sin  ˆ .9 A0. k (c) Show that  ( x)   ( x) .7 Check the A0. using the volume of the “ice-cream cone” shown in Fig. V S S   (b) (b)    Bd   nˆ  Bda . (d) Show that x ( x)   ( x) . 1  ( x) .11 Prove the following integral formulas:  (a)  d  nˆda  da . V S  ˆ (c) (c)  n  da  dl S C (d)  (nˆ )  da   d  S (e) Green’s first identity: V ( 2     )d  S nˆ  da ˆ (f) Green’s theorem: V ( 2  2 )d   S (    )  nda    S (  )da n n (g)  ( fJ g  gJ f  fg  J )d   0 Where J (r ) is localized but not necessarily divergenceless. 4. A0. A0. z z (0. A0. centered at the origin in the xy plane. 5 (the top surface is spherical. with radius R and centered at the origin). (b) Show that  ( x)   ( x) . using as your volume one octant of the sphere of radius R (Fig.8  Check the Stokes’ theorem using the function   (ay) xˆ  (bx) yˆ ( a and b are constants) and the circular path of radius R. f (r ) and g (r ) are well-behaved functions of r  .a) 300 R y (0. using the triangular surface shown in Fig.0. 2 (e) Show that  (t  r / c)  c  (r  ct ) .0) x y (a. 3).2a.0) x Figure 5 Figure 4  Check Stokes’ theorem for the function   yˆz .10 Check the divergence theorem for the function   r 2 sin  rˆ  4r 2 cos  ˆ  r 2 tan ˆ .

2. express  the following charge distributions as three-dimensional charge densities  (r ) : (a) In spherical coordinates.2.16 Using Dirac delta functions and theta functions in the appropriate coordinates.     (c) V (r 4  r 2 (r  c )  c 4 ) (r  c )d .13 Evaluate the following integrals: 6 (a) 2 (3x 2  2 x  1) ( x  3)dx (b) 0 cos x ( x   )dx 5 (c) 0 x 3 ( x  1)dx 3  (d)  ln( x  3) ( x  2)dx (e) 2 (2 x  3) (3x)dx 2 (f) 0 ( x 3  3x  2) (1  x)dx 2 (g) 1 9 x 2 (3x  1)dx 1 (h)   ( x  b)dx A0. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over a circular ring of z radius a. where V is a sphere of radius 6 about the origin. a charge  per unit length is uniformly distributed over a cylindrical surface of radius b. 6 y R as shown in Fig.2). where a is a fixed vector and a is its magnitude. (c) In cylindrical coordinates. a (b)  r  b  3 (5r )d . A0. (e) In spherical coordinates.5 centered at (2. and V is a sphere of radius 1. Where V is a cube of side 2. (b) In cylindrical coordinates.2. a charge Q spreads uniformly over a flat circular disc of radius R and negligible thickness. centered on the origin. where d  (1. but using spherical coordinates. (f) In spherical coordinates. 6. (d) The same as part (c).3) . show that   (x) dx 0 x  0 A0.15 Write down the expressions of  3 (r  r ) in Cartesian. (g) Show that    f ( x) ( x  a)dx   f (a) 1 x  0 d (h) Let  (x) be the step function:  ( x)   . a charge Q is uniformly distributed over a half of a circular ring with radius Fig. and  V b  4 yˆ  3zˆ . e  (3.1) .14 Evaluate the following integrals:      (a) allspace(r 2  r  a  a 2 ) (r  a )d .  c  5xˆ  3 yˆ  2 zˆ . and c is its magnitude. Spherical and cylindrical coordinates. R 2 x 4 . a charge Q is uniformly distributed over a spherical shell of radius R.   A0.        (d) V r  (d  r ) 3 (e  r )d .(f) Show that  (t  r / c)  c 3 (r  ct ) .

lying in the x-y plane. (j) In Cartesian coordinates.17 Using Dirac delta functions in both spherical and cylindrical coordinates. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over a half of a circular ring with radius R as shown in Fig. 7 (a) and z (b). a charge  per unit length is uniformly distributed over an infinite long straight wire. (i) In spherical coordinates. A0. 7 (a) -2q a q (b) (m) In spherical coordinates. centered at the origin and carrying a current I. point charges are located as shown in the Fig. (k) In Cartesian coordinates. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over a straight wire of length 2b. (h) In cylindrical coordinates. a charge  per unit length is uniformly distributed over a straight wire of length l which lies on the x-axis from x  l to x=0. 6. a charge density  ( )   sin 2 ( / 2) (  is a constant) is glued over the surface of a spherical shell of radius R. 5 (n) In spherical coordinates. a charge  per unit length is uniformly distributed over a straight wire of length l which lies on the x-axis from x  l / 2 to x= l / 2 . (r) In spherical coordinates. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over 1/8 of a spherical shell as shown in Fig. express the volume current density of a current loop of radius R. 3. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over the spherical surface of the “ice-cream cone” shown in Fig. 5 . where z is the distance from the middle point. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over the volume of 1/8 of a sphere as shown in Fig. 5 (o) In spherical coordinates.(g) In cylindrical coordinates. 3. (p) In spherical coordinates. (l) In spherical coordinates. (q) In spherical coordinates. z -q -q a q a q a a y y a q x x Fig. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over a volume of the “ice-cream cone” shown in Fig. a line charge of length 2d with a total charge Q has a linear charge density varying as ( d 2  z 2 ).