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FLORIDA ATLANTIC UNIVERSITY

Department of Physics
PHY 6346 Homework Assignments
(Jackson: – Jackson’s homework problems)
(A – Additional homework problems)

Chapter 0
A0.1

Prove the following vector product rules:
  
  
  
(a) A  ( B  C )  B  (C  A)  C  ( A  B)
  
  
  
c
(b) A  ( B  C )  ( A  C ) B  ( A  B)C

   
   
   
b
(c) ( A  B)  (C  D)  ( A  C )( B  D)  ( A  D)( B  C )
   
   
 
   

(d) A  ( B  (C  D))  B( A  (C  D))  ( A  B)(C  D)
a
(e) Show that the volume of a triclinic primitive unit cell ( a  b  c,      ) is:
V  c  (a  b )  c  zˆ (ab sin  )  abcz sin 

V  abc sin  1  cos 2  

(cos   cos  cos  ) 2
 abc sin 2  sin 2   (cos   cos  cos  ) 2
2
sin 

(f) Show that the volume of a rhombohedral (trigonal) primitive unit cell
(a  b  c,      ) is:
V  c  (a  b )  a3 sin 4   cos2  (1  cos  )2  a3 (1  cos  ) 1  2cos 

A0.2

A0.3

A0.4

Prove the following product rules:



(a)   ( f A )  f (  A)  A  (f )
 




(b)   ( A  B)  B  (  A)  A  (  B)



(c)   ( f A)  f (  A)  A  (f )
Prove the following second derivatives:

(a)   (  A)  0
(b)   (f )  0



(c)   (  A)  (  A)   2 A
(d)  2 ( fg )  g 2 f  2f  g  f 2 g


If r is the coordinate of a point with respect to some origin, with magnitude r  r ,

rˆ  r / r is a unit radial vector, and f(r) is a well-behaved function of r, show that
1
r

(b)   

(a) r  rˆ ,
(d)  rˆ 

2

,


r2

(e)  r  0 ,

r

1

,

(c)  r  3 ,
(f)  


0,
r2

 r  r    (j)  (rˆ f (r ))  2 f / r  f / r . (c) (the parabolic path z  x 2 .0)  (0. and the three paths in Fig.5 A0.  b  (1.0) . (k)  (rˆ f (r ))  0 .1.1).0. r  (i) f (r )  df rˆ . Figure 3 2 .0. where m  mr rˆ  mˆ  mˆ is a  r  r constant vector.0)  (1.1) . (b) (0. (n) Given r = r = r  r  show that in spherical coordinates r momentum r 2  r 2  2r r   r 2  r 2  2rr  cos   r 2  r 2  2rr [cos  cos    sin  sin   cos(   )] and cos   cos cos   sin sin  cos(  ) (o) Given r = r = r  r  show that in cylindrical coordinates r r  r  s  s   2ss  cos(   )  ( z  z ) 2 2 2  p  rˆ  1 (p) Prove:   2   3 [ p  3( p  rˆ)rˆ] .1). and r  0 .0.6  Check the theorem of gradients using T  x 2  4 xy  2 yz 3 . Check the gradient theorem for function T  r (cos  sin  cos  ) using the path shown in Fig. where p  pr rˆ  pˆ  pˆ is a constant  r  r vector. A0. y = x.1: (a) (0. the points a  (0. 2. and r  0 .0.1.  m  rˆ  1 (q) Prove:   2   3 [3(m  rˆ)rˆ  m] .  rˆ  (g)    2   4 3 (r ) . dr  1    (h)  2      4 3 (r  r ) . where operator.1.0)  (1.0. [a  rˆ(a rˆ)]  rˆ(a rˆ) r r L  i (r ) is the angular (l) (a )rfˆ (r )  (m) (r a)  a  r ( a)  i(L  a) .1)  (1. f (r ) f .

 A0.0.12 (a) Show that  (kx)  3 . divergence theorem for the function   r 2 cos  rˆ  r 2 cos  ˆ  r 2 cos  sin  ˆ .9 A0. k (c) Show that  ( x)   ( x) .7 Check the A0. using the volume of the “ice-cream cone” shown in Fig. V S S   (b) (b)    Bd   nˆ  Bda . (d) Show that x ( x)   ( x) . 1  ( x) .11 Prove the following integral formulas:  (a)  d  nˆda  da . V S  ˆ (c) (c)  n  da  dl S C (d)  (nˆ )  da   d  S (e) Green’s first identity: V ( 2     )d  S nˆ  da ˆ (f) Green’s theorem: V ( 2  2 )d   S (    )  nda    S (  )da n n (g)  ( fJ g  gJ f  fg  J )d   0 Where J (r ) is localized but not necessarily divergenceless. 4. A0. A0. z z (0. A0. centered at the origin in the xy plane. 5 (the top surface is spherical. with radius R and centered at the origin). (b) Show that  ( x)   ( x) . using as your volume one octant of the sphere of radius R (Fig.8  Check the Stokes’ theorem using the function   (ay) xˆ  (bx) yˆ ( a and b are constants) and the circular path of radius R. f (r ) and g (r ) are well-behaved functions of r  .a) 300 R y (0. using the triangular surface shown in Fig.0. 2 (e) Show that  (t  r / c)  c  (r  ct ) .0) x y (a. 3).2a.0) x Figure 5 Figure 4  Check Stokes’ theorem for the function   yˆz .10 Check the divergence theorem for the function   r 2 sin  rˆ  4r 2 cos  ˆ  r 2 tan ˆ .

2. express  the following charge distributions as three-dimensional charge densities  (r ) : (a) In spherical coordinates.2.16 Using Dirac delta functions and theta functions in the appropriate coordinates.     (c) V (r 4  r 2 (r  c )  c 4 ) (r  c )d .13 Evaluate the following integrals: 6 (a) 2 (3x 2  2 x  1) ( x  3)dx (b) 0 cos x ( x   )dx 5 (c) 0 x 3 ( x  1)dx 3  (d)  ln( x  3) ( x  2)dx (e) 2 (2 x  3) (3x)dx 2 (f) 0 ( x 3  3x  2) (1  x)dx 2 (g) 1 9 x 2 (3x  1)dx 1 (h)   ( x  b)dx A0. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over a circular ring of z radius a. where V is a sphere of radius 6 about the origin. a charge  per unit length is uniformly distributed over a cylindrical surface of radius b. 6 y R as shown in Fig.2). where a is a fixed vector and a is its magnitude. (c) In cylindrical coordinates. a (b)  r  b  3 (5r )d . A0. (e) In spherical coordinates.5 centered at (2. and V is a sphere of radius 1. Where V is a cube of side 2. (b) In cylindrical coordinates.2. a charge Q spreads uniformly over a flat circular disc of radius R and negligible thickness. centered on the origin. where d  (1. but using spherical coordinates. (f) In spherical coordinates. 6. (d) The same as part (c).3) . show that   (x) dx 0 x  0 A0.15 Write down the expressions of  3 (r  r ) in Cartesian. (g) Show that    f ( x) ( x  a)dx   f (a) 1 x  0 d (h) Let  (x) be the step function:  ( x)   . a charge Q is uniformly distributed over a half of a circular ring with radius Fig. and  V b  4 yˆ  3zˆ . e  (3.1) .14 Evaluate the following integrals:      (a) allspace(r 2  r  a  a 2 ) (r  a )d .  c  5xˆ  3 yˆ  2 zˆ . and c is its magnitude. Spherical and cylindrical coordinates. R 2 x 4 . a charge Q is uniformly distributed over a spherical shell of radius R.   A0.        (d) V r  (d  r ) 3 (e  r )d .(f) Show that  (t  r / c)  c 3 (r  ct ) .

lying in the x-y plane. (j) In Cartesian coordinates.17 Using Dirac delta functions in both spherical and cylindrical coordinates. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over a half of a circular ring with radius R as shown in Fig. 7 (a) and z (b). a charge  per unit length is uniformly distributed over an infinite long straight wire. (i) In spherical coordinates. A0. 7 (a) -2q a q (b) (m) In spherical coordinates. centered at the origin and carrying a current I. point charges are located as shown in the Fig. (k) In Cartesian coordinates. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over a straight wire of length 2b. (h) In cylindrical coordinates. a charge  per unit length is uniformly distributed over a straight wire of length l which lies on the x-axis from x  l to x=0. 6. a charge density  ( )   sin 2 ( / 2) (  is a constant) is glued over the surface of a spherical shell of radius R. 5 (n) In spherical coordinates. a charge  per unit length is uniformly distributed over a straight wire of length l which lies on the x-axis from x  l / 2 to x= l / 2 . (r) In spherical coordinates. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over 1/8 of a spherical shell as shown in Fig. express the volume current density of a current loop of radius R. 3. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over the spherical surface of the “ice-cream cone” shown in Fig. 5 . where z is the distance from the middle point. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over the volume of 1/8 of a sphere as shown in Fig. 5 (o) In spherical coordinates.(g) In cylindrical coordinates. 3. (p) In spherical coordinates. (l) In spherical coordinates. (q) In spherical coordinates. z -q -q a q a q a a y y a q x x Fig. a charge Q is uniformly distributed over a volume of the “ice-cream cone” shown in Fig. a line charge of length 2d with a total charge Q has a linear charge density varying as ( d 2  z 2 ).

using the origin as a a your reference.1.10. The height of the cone is h. and at b.8.5 A metal sphere of radius R. 1.Chapter 1 Jackson: 1.5.field. 1. (ii) a<s<b. (b) Find the potential at the center. 1. and check that it yields the correct E . Compute the gradient of  in each region. outer radius b.4 A conical surface (an empty ice-cream cone) carries a uniform surface charge  .12. Find the potential difference between b point a (the vetex) and b (the center of the top). Find the potential deference between the “north pole” and the center. 1. This surface charge is negative and of the right magnitude so that the cable as a whole is electrically neutral. 1. 1. 1. 4). Check your answer by calculating it in at least two different ways. respectively.2 Find the E .3 A long coaxial cable (Fig. A1.6 An inverted hemispherical bowl of radius R carries a uniform surface charge density  .1 Two spheres. How do your answers to (a) and (b) change? Figure 3 A1. A1. as in Fig. is a surrounded by a thick concentric metal shell (internal radius a. and a uniform surface charge density on the outer cylindrical shell a b + (radius b). using infinity as the reference point. A1.4.15 + A1. (iii) s>b.y. 1. each of radius R and carrying uniform charge densities   and   . The shell caries no R net charge. Figure 2 (b) Find the potential difference between a point on the axis and a point on the outer cylinder. 1. at a. are placed so that they partially overlap (Fig. Find the energy of the configuration.z). which lowers its potential to zero (same as at infinity). Use infinity as the reference point of  . (c) Now the outer surface is touched to a grounded wire.7. Call the vector from the d positive center to the negative center d .7 A sphere of radius R carries a charge density  (r )  kr (where k is a constant). 3). and find its value.9.field and potential  inside and outside a uniformly charged solid sphere whose radius is R and whose total charge is q. 1).  (a) Find the potential at any point (x. 2) carries a uniform volume charge density  on the inner cylinder (radius a). z A1.13.  x 6 Figure 4 y .8 Two infinitely long wires running parallel to the x axis carry uniform charge densities   and   (Fig. A1. A1. 1.6. (a) Find the surface charge density  at R. as is the radius of the top. carrying charge q. Show that the field Figure 1 in the region of overlap is constant. (a) Find the electric field in each of the three regions: (i) s<a.

3. 2. (Let’s say the wire runs parallel to the x-axis and directly above it. then in the region near the origin whose dimensions are very small compared to R there is an 2kQ Q  approximately constant filed E0 parallel to the z-axis. The cylinder (which carries no net charge) has radius R. 1). Find  P potential at point r .1 uniform E -field can be thought of as being produced by  Q at R . carrying opposite uniform charges   . y a V=0 a V=0 V0(y. (b) Check that (r ) satisfies 2(r )    /  0 . 2. (b) Find the charge density  induced by the conducting plane. A2. and the wires are a distance a from the axis. 2. this approximation is exact. 2. Q   with 2  constant.z) V0 V0 x V=0 b x b -b z Figure 2 z 7 V=0 Figur 3 . and locate the axis and radius of the cylinder corresponding to a given potential V0. 2 (a thin layer of insulation at each corner prevents them from shorting out).4   Two infinitely long grounded metal plates.12.10. 2.2 A conducting sphere of radius a is placed in a uniform electric field E0  E0 zˆ . a distance d above a grounded conducting plane. A 2.8. 2. 2. and the conducting plane is the xy plane). (a) Find the potential in the region above the plane. The A2. 2.4. 2.11.13. s - R Figure 1 a a A2.23 A uniform line charge  is placed on an infinite straight wire. Find the y potential inside the rectangular pipe. 2. R (a) Use the method of image to find the electric potential (r ) outside the sphere. 2.3 Two long straight wires. 2.5. are situated on either side of a long conducting cylinder (Fig.2. and show that the two leading terms in (r ) are due to E0 and electric dipole moment induced on the conducting sphere respectively.9. Chapter 2 Jackson: 2.(b) Show that the equipotential surfaces are circular cylinders. are connected at x  b by metal strips maintained at a constant potential V0 as shown in Fig. at y=0 and y=a. In the limit 2 R 2 0 R 2 Q as R.1.7.

from y=a/2 to a.7 Charge density  ( )  a sin 5 (where a is a constant) is glued over the surface of an infinite cylinder of radius R (Fig. at x=0. 3. as indicated in Fig. Find the potential inside the pipe. A2. s )  ln s2 s 2  b4  2b2 ss cos(   ) b2  s 2  s2  2ss cos(   )  to find the potential inside a cylinder of radius b with (b.10 Use the Green’s function GD (s . Two infinite grounded metal plates lie parallel to the xz plane. Find the potential inside and outside y the cylinder. one at y=0. Find the potential inside the infinite slot.6 An infinitely long rectangular metal pipe (side a and b) is grounded.z). and ( R.8 A2. placed at right angles to an otherwise uniform electric field E0 . The left end.A2.  )  V0 for 0     .  )  V0 for     2 .11 Use separation of variables to find the potential everywhere outside an infinitely long cylinder of radius R with the following boundary conditions: ( R. the other at y=a (Fig.5 A2. and the other. y 0 R R z - 0 x Figure 5 A2. Find the potential outside an infinitely long metal pipe. Find the electric potential inside and outside the cylinder.  ) specified on the cylinder. A2. but one end.9 x  Figure 6 A long cylindrical shell of radius R carries a uniform surface charge density  0 on the upper half and an opposite charge   0 on the lower half (Fig. y V=0 a -v0 v0 V=0 x Figure 4 z A2. from y=0 to y=a/2. of radius R.  V0 V0 R 8 . 6). consists of two metal strips: one. is held at a constant potential V0 . 5). is maintained at a special potential V0(y. 4). at x=0. Find the surface charge induced on the pipe. is at potential  V0 .

3.24 A3. Find the resulting potential inside and outside the sphere. Find the potential in the region outside the sphere.13 Use the Green’s function for  2 operator with spherical boundary G(r .  ) ).There are no charges inside and outside the cylinder. 2 2 empty sphere of radius R.9. 3. z Find the potential inside a hollow grounded sphere of radius b with a concentric ring of radius a. The circular ring is uniformly charged with a total charge Q and located in the x-y Q b plane as shown in the figure.17.12 Find the potential in the interior of a sphere where   V0 on the surface of the sphere for 0     / 2 . 3. .4. 3.1 The potential V0 ( )  C sin 2 ( / 2) is specified on the surface of a hollow sphere. y a x 9 . of radius R.14. 0     / 4 and   0 on the rest of the spherical R y  /4 surface of radius R. 3.6. r )  1 r  r   2rr  cos  2 2  1 r r  R 2  2rr  cos  2 R 2 2 to V find the potential outside a conducting sphere of radius R made up of two hemispherical shells.2 An uncharged metal sphere of radius R is placed in an otherwise uniform electric  field E  E0 zˆ . A3. (You don’t need to carry out the integral in the final expression of (r . (  is a constant). (as shown in the figure). The result may be left in the form of an integral involving no vector symbols and with all limits of integration given clearly.5 A specified charge density  0 ( ) is glued over the surface of a spherical shell of radius R.12.22.2.4 A3.7.3.3 A3. A3. 3. with the upper (lower) hemisphere at potential +V (-V). z A2. Find the potential inside and outside the sphere. 1  The potential V0   ( cos   cos 2 ) is specified on the surface of a hollow. x A 2. 3. 3.1. 3. 3. 3.10. Find the potential inside the sphere. 3. separated by a small insulating ring which lies in the z=0 plane. V Chapter 3 Jackson: 3.

 )  k 2 ( R  2r ) sin  . carries charge density R  (r .5 A (perfect) dipole p is situated a distance z above an infinite ground conductiong plane (Fig. . 1).9. The dipole makes an angle  with the perpendicular to the plane.  (a) Compute D in space. Find the approximate potential for points on the z-axis. in which there is a uniform free charge density  f out to a radius a < R..1 A charge +Q is distributed uniformly along the z-axis from z  a to z  a . in what orientation will it z come to rest?  q d P  r z x Figure 1 10 Figure 2 y . and r. Calculate (a) all the multipole moments qlm of the charge distribution.5. 4.13 A4. (c) Find  pol and  pol .  A4. 4.4 A charge density  =  cos  (  is a constant) is glued over the surface of a spherical shell of radius R.. where k is a constant. for r > a. If the dipole is free to rotate. centered at the origin.3 A sphere of radius R.7(a)(b).. Chapter 4 Jackson: 4.2.2 Consider a dielectric sphere of radius R.A3.8 Give the Green function for  2 . 4. 4. 4.6 A3.7 A3. (b) the potential outside the sphere due to all the qlm .  are the usual r spherical coordinates.  Find the torque on p .   everywhere (b) Compute E and P everywhere. A4.  Show that the electric potential at a point r is given by 2 4  q  1a 1a  ( r . for the interior of a hemisphere and homogeneous Dirichlet BC as a sum over spherical harmonics.1. 4. Find the Green function G(r . (linear homogeneous dielectric  ). Give the Green function in terms of a sum over eigenfunctions with all parameters and sums clearly labeled. 4 0 r  3  r  5 r   A4. far from the sphere. )  1    P2 (cos  )    P4 (cos  )  . r ) for  2 in the region outside an infinite cylindrical tube of radius a. A4. You need not to evaluate the final coefficient Am (k ) which must be found from the inhomogeneous equation. 4.  (d) Show that the electric field E can be regarded as arising from all charges present with no reference to any matter.6. Give the Green function for  2 in the interior of a rectangular region of side a  b  c with homogeneous Dirichlet BC. 4..10.8.

Find the electric field inside the sphere. the separation between the two plates is d). This object is now placed in an  otherwise uniform electric field E 0 . Find the resulting field within the cylinder. c Figure 3 b r P1 a P2 Figure 4   A4.11 In Fig. (c) and (d) consist with Newton’s third law? A4. 2 is filled with uniform linear dielectric material of susceptibility  e . and  f and  pol on the surfaces related to the plate with Q . of dielectric constant  r .     (a) What is the force on p 2 due to p1 ? (b) What is the force on p1 due to p 2 ?    (c) What is the torque on p 2 due to p1 (with respect to the center of p1 )?    (d) What is the torque on p1 due to p 2 (with respect to the center of p1 )? (e) Are the answers in (a) and (b). surrounded by a concentric copper tube of internal radius c (Fig. radius a. 3). in each region. A4. 5 Q 11 .9 An uncharged conducting sphere of radius a is coasted with a thick insulating shell (dielectric constant  r ) out to radius b.12 Find the electric fields at r < R and r > R produced by a uniformly polarized sphere of radius R with P  Czˆ . By what fraction is the capacitance increased when the dielectrics is inserted? Q r 0 Fig. A4. as shown. A4. Find the electric fields inside and outside the cavity. where C is a constant.13 A spherical cavity of radius R is in an infinitely large dielectric medium with  dielectric constant  r   /  0 and with an applied field E 0 parallel to the z-axis.14 Suppose you have enough linear dielectric material.A4. Find the capacitance per unit length of the cable. If the free charges (  Q ) on the two plates    are fixed. A4. A4. E . 5) (The area of each plate is A.6 A sphere of homogeneous linear dielectric material is placed in an otherwise  uniform electric field E 0 . p1 and p 2 are (perfect) dipoles a distance r apart. A4. P . Calculate the force on a point charge q situated a distance d above the origin.7 Suppose the entire region below the plane z = 0 in Fig.8 A very long cylinder (with radius R) of linear dielectric material (with  susceptibility  e ) is placed in an otherwise uniform electric field E 0 which is perpendicular to the axis of the cylinder. 4. find D .10 A certain coaxial cable consists of a copper wire. to half-fill a parallel-plate capacitor (Fig. The space between is partially filled (from b to c) with material of dielectric constant  r . Find the electric field in the insulator.