You are on page 1of 60

SECTION 2 / Specifics

SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS

129

SYMBOLS AND
ABBREVIATIONS
Standardized abbreviations and symbols for the various trades have been developed by numerous professional
organizations. These standard abbreviations and symbols are generally used by architects and engineers; however, architects and engineers sometimes create their own symbols and abbreviations to represent materials and
equipment on drawings. If symbols and abbreviations are not standard, they are usually noted on the drawing.
Some abbreviations for materials, equipment, and titles are called acronyms. An acronym is an abbreviation
formed by using the first letter of each word. Some examples of acronyms are CFM (cubic feet per minute),
FPM (feet per minute), BTU (British thermal unit), and GPM (gallons per minute). ASHRAE is an acronym for
the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers.

VARIATIONS IN ABBREVIATIONS
Some single letter abbreviations are used to represent several different words. The letter “R” stands for radius,
Rankine, road, room, and thermal resistance. Generally speaking, the location of the single letter abbreviation indicates what that particular abbreviation stands for.
Some words have more than one abbreviation. The word DOWN can be written as DWN or DN. Either
abbreviation is correct, but the drafter should choose one and then use it throughout the drawing.
Some abbreviations (single letter or several letters) have a period after the last letter to eliminate confusion
for the reader. It is not necessary to place a period after an acronym.

VARIATIONS IN SYMBOLS
When symbols are drawn by hand, templates are usually used. Templates are commercially prepared patterns
made of sheets of plastic with the shapes of various symbols cut out of the plastic. To insert a symbol at the
proper place on the drawing, the drafter draws around the cut-out portion of the template. If the symbol is a
complicated one, two or more templates may be required.
Computer-aided design (CAD) systems have a library of symbols from which the exact symbol can be
selected and plotted on the drawing. This library contains symbols for various materials and pieces of equipment in each section of drawings (architectural, plumbing, mechanical, and electrical sections).
In some cases, there is no standard symbol for a material or piece of equipment. For example, there is no
standard symbol for EARTH when shown on the plan view of a drawing. When there is no standard symbol,
the drafter notes on the drawing what the material or equipment is.
Some symbols for the same material are shown differently on different drawings. For example, when brick
is shown on the elevation views of a building, the drafter usually shows the brickwork as it will look when
the wall is complete. The mortar joints and the brick are shown in true perspective. When drawn on the floor
plan, this brick wall is shown with crosshatching (parallel lines drawn close together at a 45-degree angle).
It is important for the reader of the drawings to keep these variations in mind.

SECTION 2 / Specifics
SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS

130

LEGEND AND SYMBOL SCHEDULES
In most cases, the architect and engineer include a listing of symbols used on the drawings called the “Legend
and Symbol Schedule.” It is usually placed on the first drawing of each section of the set of drawings (architectural, mechanical, plumbing, and electrical). When this schedule is present, each symbol used in that section is shown on the schedule whether it is a standard symbol or one created by the drafter.

ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS
USED TOGETHER
Abbreviations and symbols are combined on working drawings to relate information to the builder.
Abbreviations and symbols are used jointly to describe the sidewall supply register. The arrow indicates the
discharge of supply air from the register. The air quantity is shown on the arrow with the abbreviation CFM
(cubic feet per minute). A circle, square, or other symbol is placed at the arrowhead to indicate which register
to look for in the Register and Grille Schedule. This kind of combination of symbols and abbreviations is often
found on mechanical plans.
Equipment Schedules—several equipment schedules are always provided on construction jobs, including
the following:
a. Door schedule—shows all doors used on the job. The door schedule shows the door size (dimensions),
door type, materials used to construct the door, hardware (hinges and door locks), door finish, door frames,
and other information needed for ordering doors.
b. Window schedule—like the door schedule, information required for ordering the windows includes the
size, type of glass, type of window, information as to the window frame, and so forth.
c. Room finish schedule—each room in the building is included on this schedule. Such items are listed as the
type of ceiling, baseboard, wall treatment (paint or wall covering), and floor finish (hardwood, treated,
painted, carpet, etc.). Special notations give instructions on the finishes in each room.
d. Symbol schedule—shows symbols and describes them.
e. Abbreviations schedule—lists the abbreviations used in the general construction area along with an
explanation of each abbreviation.
f. Other schedules—include kitchen equipment, hospital equipment, laundry equipment, and special equipment installed in the building under the general construction contract.

SECTION 2 / Specifics
SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS

SYMBOLS
Without the use of symbols, architects cannot show
all necessary information regarding materials, methods, and location of components.

131

for the mason to provide for electrical switch boxes,
heating units, or built-in plumbing fixtures. Symbols
and Abbreviations Figure 3 shows typical electrical
and plumbing symbols.

Types of Symbols

SCHEDULES

The types of symbols used include those used in elevation views and those in sectional views. Elevation
symbols are easily recognized, as they look very much
like the actual material or object. An elevation view is
a vertical picture of an object showing the front, side,
or rear view of an object, room, or structure as one
would view it while facing it.
The materials shown in an elevation view appear differently in a sectional view. A sectional view shows the
object as if it were sliced vertically, showing of what the
object would be composed. For example, a sectional
view of a masonry wall would show the thickness of
the joints and the units, how the wall ties are installed,
and, many times, the exact height of the wall.
The mason should be familiar with some of the
more common symbols for the mechanical trades, as
they may affect the work when building in or around
certain equipment. For example, it may be necessary

A schedule, in a set of plans, is a list added separately
to the plans that describes such items as windows,
doors, floors, and wall finishes. The mason must be
able to recognize and interpret schedules correctly, or
great expense could result from necessary changes
made at the conclusion of the job so that the job conforms to the finished schedule.
As mentioned before, windows and doors are
designated by a number or letter on plans. The same
letter or number is duplicated in the schedule, with
a brief description of the item. Typical door and
window schedules must show their relationship to
the floor plan.
It should be remembered that schedules consist of
brief descriptions; workers must also consult the
drawings and specifications to obtain all the necessary
information. Schedules help greatly in estimating the
cost of a job.

. Notice both materials used and construction details.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 132 SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 1. Elevation masonry symbols.

Architectural symbols showing materials in the sectional view.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 133 SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 2. .

Typical electrical and plumbing symbols. 134 .SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 3.

and lintels. including information on windows.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 135 SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 4. . Schedule for a small job. doors.

but sometimes it is advantageous to letter the note vertically. THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF A NOTE AND A LEADER TOP BORDER OF PLAN BOTTOM BORDER OF PLAN WHEN NOTES ARE REQUIRED TO BE VERTICAL ON THE PLAN. they should be readable from the right-hand side of the plan (Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 5). notes are too long to place in the location where they are needed. The note should be close to the area where it applies. 1. A vertical note on a plan. In that case. and other pertinent information. Notes are written instructions that tell the types of materials. To save space and keep the plan from becoming cluttered. the drafter will insert brief instructions such as “See Note No. how different members fit together. and drafter are responsible for relaying design information to the workman or installer. engineer. Some architects and engineers draw a freehand leader. Most notes are lettered horizontally. equipment usage. notes must be written in precise language. To link the note to the object it is referred to.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 136 WORDING NOTATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION PRINTS The architect. Plans show where the work is to be performed and what materials are to be used. .) Typical note with leader SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 5. This information is covered by notes. When vertical notes are used. terminating with an arrowhead. sequence of installation. (THIS NOTE IS AN EXAMPLE. Notes should always be located so that the leader lines do not cross. but additional instructions are often needed. a thin line called a leader is extended from the beginning or the end of the notation to the place where the note applies. It is also important to locate the notation in a logical place on the drawing. how to operate the equipment. THEY ARE LETTERED SO THEY CAN BE READ FROM THE RIGHT HAND END OF THE PLAN.” These long notes are then lettered on a blank space on the plan so that the floor plan is not cluttered. In some cases. The leader usually starts near the notation and extends to the reference object. The leader is usually drawn straight out from the note and then turned at an angle to the reference object and arrowhead.

It is not practical to draw these items as they would actually appear. The simplest numbering system for drawings consists of numbering the drawing sheets and naming each of the views. different types of lines represent different kinds of piping. To be able to use these reference marks for coordinating drawings. E-2. and Sheet 3. For example. A few of the most common electrical symbols are shown in Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 11. represents the joint between the pipe and the fitting. some of the most important features may be shown. Electrical drawings are numbered E-1. and so on for all the sheets. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 10. Outlets (receptacles) and switches are usually shown in their approximate positions. registers. Mechanical systems—plumbing and HVAC (heating. Sheet 2. and appliances. A view number identifies each separate drawing or view on the sheet. Many materials are represented by one symbol in elevations and another symbol in sections. Other materials look pretty much the same when viewed from any direction. A few plumbing symbols are shown in Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 12. They simply indicate which switches control which lights. When a large area is made up of one material. so their symbols are drawn the same in sections and elevations. light fixtures. Examples of such symbols are concrete block and brick. on plans and elevations indicate where details or sections of important features have been drawn. pipe fittings. you must first understand the numbering system used on the drawings. Types of doors and their plan symbols. ventilating. A short line. elevations. floor plans. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 9. On large. so standard symbols have been devised to indicate them. and E-3. The electrical and mechanical systems in a building include wiring. receptacles. However. and heating and air conditioning ducts. Major fixtures and appliances are shown in their actual positions. Symbols for pipe fittings are the same basic shape as the fittings they represent. piping. Architectural drawing sheets are numbered A-1. Some drafters simplify this even further by using a note to indicate what material is used and omitting the symbol altogether. A set of drawings for a complex building may include several sheets of section and detail drawings. or hash mark. Wiring is indicated by lines that show how devices are connected.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 137 ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL SYMBOLS SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 6. and air conditioning)—are not usually shown in much detail on drawings for singlefamily homes. . for example. plumbing fixtures. The electrical system in a house includes wiring as well as devices such as switches. The outline of the drawing may be filled in with a material symbol to show what the object is made of. These sections and details do not have much meaning without some way of knowing what part of the building they are meant to show. Callouts. A-2. Sheet 1 might include a site plan and foundation plan. complex sets of drawings the sheets are numbered according to the kind of drawings shown. REFERENCE MARKS MATERIALS SYMBOLS The drawing of an object shows its shape and location. it is common to only draw the symbol in a part of the area. called reference marks. electrical devices. Plumbing fixtures are drawn pretty much as the actual fixture appears. Piping is shown by lines. These lines are not shown in their actual position.

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 7. 138 . Window symbols.

WEIGHT CONCRETE METAL STEEL. EARTH CONCRETE ROCK STONE FILL REINFORCING BARS STRUCTURAL CONCRETE BLOCK PLYWOOD FINISH ROUGH STUD WALL & PARTITION COMMON FACE FIRE BRICK ON COMMON LT. Material symbols. IRON ALUMINUM STRUCTURAL STEEL STONE CUT STONE RUBBLE SLATE. Windows and doors can be measured in several ways. BLUESTONE SOAPSTONE CAST STONE (CONCRETE) GYPSUM PLASTER ON MASONRY INSULATION BLOCK METAL STUD & PLASTER PARTITION PLASTER BOARD & PLASTER PARTITION LOOSE FILL OR BATTS GLASS BOARDS OR QUILTS SHEET & PLATE ELEVATION SYMBOLS RUBBLE STONE SQUARED STONE RUNNING BOND MASONRY SHINGLES BRICK CERAMIC STACK BOND MASONRY SHEET METAL GLASS SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 9. PLAN AND SECTION SYMBOLS EARTH ETC. CONCRETE PLASTER .SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 139 SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 8.

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 140 SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 10. Only part of the area is covered by the brick symbol. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 11. although the entire building will be brick. Some common electrical symbols. .

Some common plumbing symbols.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS SYMBOLS AND ABBRVIATIONS Figure 12. 141 .

special purpose outlets. etc. 142 Electric symbols are used to simplify the drafting and later the interpreting of the drawings. Circuiting symbols. The addition of a line. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 14 lists the most common and recommended electrical symbols. Many symbols are similar (circle. since designers modify basic symbols to suit their own needs. Then there is the General Note in the Symbol Legend that specifies that all mounting heights are to be verified and “modified as directed. it can be seen that there are duplex receptacles.” This is an example of why the installer must become familiar with the drawings and specifications far in advance of the installation scheduled time. From the symbol list. You must be knowledgeable of the symbols specifically used on each project. letters. square. switches. numbers.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS CIRCUITING SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 13. and fire alarm devices mounted at various heights.). The School Addition drawing E-1. Learning the basic form of the various symbols is the best starting point in developing the ability to interpret the drawings and their related symbol meanings. Most drawings will have a symbol legend or list. The installer must request clarification or direction and give the designers reasonable time to clarify the questionable specified instructions. . and so forth gives the specific meaning to the symbol. Electrical symbols are not standardized throughout the industry. telephone outlets. shading. Symbol Legend A-4 contains an electrical symbol list for the project. dot.

Recommended electrical symbols.) Switch and Fusestat Holder SFH Switch and Pilot Lamp SP Central Switch Panel CSP Fan Switch SF Dimmer Control Panel DCP Switch for Low-Voltage Switching System Dust Tight DT SL Emergency Switch Panel ESP Master Switch for Low-Voltage Switching System SLM Empty MT Switch and Single Receptacle S Explosion Proof EP Switch and Duplex Receptacle S Grounded G Door Switch SD Night Light NL Time Switch ST Pull Chain PC Momentary Contact Switch SMC Rain Tight RT Ceiling Pull Switch S Recessed R “Hand-Off-Auto” Control Switch HOA Transfer XFER Multi-Speed Control Switch M Transformer XFRMR Push Button • Vapor Tight VT Water Tight WT Weather Proof WP ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Switch Outlets Single-Pole Switch S Double-Pole Switch S2 Three-Way Switch S3 Four-Way Switch S4 Key-Operated Switch SK Receptacle Outlets Where weather proof. Single Receptacle Outlet Duplex Receptacle Outlet Triplex Receptacle Outlet Quadruplex Receptacle Outlet SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 14. explosion proof. or other specific types of devices are to be required. For example. .SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 143 Electrical Reference Symbols ELECTRICAL ABBREVIATIONS (Apply only when adjacent to an electrical symbol. use the upper-case subscript letters. All outlets should be grounded. weather proof single or duplex receptacles would have the uppercase WP subscript letters noted alongside of the symbol.

▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ J Cellular Floor Header Duct ▲ Clock Receptacle 2 1 Panelboards. or Plug-in)‡ B B Cable Trough Ladder or Channels‡ C C Wireway‡ W W Floor Special-Purpose Outlet * Floor Telephone Outlet (Public) Floor Telephone Outlet (Private) Example of the use of several floor outlet symbols to identify a 2. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 14 (continued).)‡ TC Surface-Mounted Terminal Cabinet (In small scale drawings the TC may be indicated alongside the symbol. Example of use of various symbols to identify location of different types of outlets or connections for underfloor duct or cellular floor systems. 3. .)‡ Flush-Mounted Terminal Cabinet (In small scale drawings the TC may be indicated alongside the symbol. Unit Substations (Should be drawn to scale.)‡ Floor Single Receptacle Outlet Bus Ducts and Wireways Floor Duplex Receptacle Outlet Trolley Duct‡ T T Busway (Service. or single duct system as indicated by the number of parallel lines. Underfloor duct and junction box for triple.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 144 Circuiting Duplex Receptacle Outlet (Split Wired) Wiring Exposed (Not in Conduit) Triplex Receptacle Outlet (Split Wired) E Wiring Concealed in Ceiling or Wall 250-V Receptacle Single Phase. Switchboards.)‡ TC *Use numeral keyed to explanation in drawing list of symbols to indicate usage. and Related Equipment Flush-Mounted Panelboard and Cabinet‡ Surface-Mounted Panelboard and Cabinet‡ Switchboard. double. RA—Range. Wiring Concealed in Floor 250-V Receptacle Three Phase Branch Circuit Home Run to Panel Board Wiring Existing* Wiring Turned Up Wiring Turned Down Fan Receptacle F ▲ C Number of arrows indicates number of circuits. CD—Clothes Dryer) or Numeral (with explanation in symbol schedule). (A number of each arrow may be used to identify circuit number. Use Subscript Letter to Indicate Function (DW—Dishwasher. Power Control Canter. Feeder. or more gang flow outlet. Recommended electrical symbols.

SECTION 2 / Specifics
SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS

145

Pull Box (Identify in Relation to
Wiring System Section and Size.)

Neutral wire may be shown longer. Unless indicated otherwise, the
wire size of the circuit is the minimum size required by the
specification. Identify different functions of wiring system, e.g.
signaling system by notation or other means.
‡ Identify by notation or schedule.

Motor or Other Power Controller
(May Be a Starter or Contactor.)‡

Remote Control Stations for Motors
or Other Equipment

Power Equipment
Electric Motor (hp As Indicated)

1/4

Power Transformer
Pothead (Cable Termination)
Circuit Element
(e.g., Circuit Breaker)

CB

Circuit Breaker
Fusible Element
Single-Throw Knife Switch
Double-Throw Knife Switch
Ground
Battery
Contactor

C

Photoeletric Cell

PE

Voltage Cycles, Phase

Ex: 480/60/3

Relay

R

Equipment Connection (As Noted)

*Note: Use heavy weight line to identify service and leaders.
Indicate empty conduit by notation CO (conduit only).
‡ Note: any circuit without further identification indicates two-wire
circuit for a greater number of wires, indicate with cross lines, e.g.:

3 wires

4 wires

Push Button Station

PB

Float Switch (Mechanical)

F

Limit Switch (Mechanical)

L

Pneumatic Switch (Mechanical)

P

Electric Eye (Beam Source)
Electric Eye (Relay)

▲▲

Combination Controller and
Disconnection Means

▲▲

Externally-Operated Disconnection
Switch

Temperature Control Relay
Connection (3 Denotes Quantity.)

R 3

Solenoid Control Valve Connection

S

Pressure Switch Connection

P

Aquastat Connection

A

Vacuum Switch Connection

V

Gas Solenoid Valve Connection

G

Flow Switch Connection

F

Timer Connection

T

Limit Switch Connection

L

Lighting
Surface or Pendant
Incandescent Fixture
(PC = Pull Chain)

Ceiling

Wall

TYPE

SWITCH

PC
WATTS CIRCUIT

Surface or Pendant Exit Light
Blanked Outlet

B

B

Junction Box

J

J

SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 14 (continued). Recommended electrical symbols.

SECTION 2 / Specifics
SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS

146

Recessed Incandescent Fixtures

Underground Direct, Burial Cable
(Indicate type, size, and number
of conductors by notation
or schedule.)

Surface or Pendant Individual
Fluorescent Fixture
Surface or Pendant Continuous1
Row Fluorescent Fixture
100
(Letter Indicating Controlling Switch)

A
Fixture No.
Wattage

Bare-Lamp Fluorescent Strip*

Electric Distribution or Lighting
System, Aerial

*In the case of continuous-row bare-lamp flourescent strip
above an area-wide diffusing means, show each fixture run
using the standard symbol; indicate area of diffusing means
and type by light shading and/or by light shading and/or
drawing notation.

Underground Duct Line
(Indicate type, size, and
number of ducts by crosssection identification of each
run by notation or schedule.
Indicate type, size, and number
of conductors by notation or
schedule.)
Street Light Standard Feed From
Underground Circuit‡
‡ Identify by notation or schedule.

Signaling System Outlets
Pole‡
Institutional, Commercial, and
Industrial Occupancies

Steel or Parking Lot Light
and Bracket‡

I. Nurse Call System Devices
(Any Type)

Transformer

Basic Symbol

Primary Circuit‡

(Examples of individual item identification. Not a part of standard.)

Secondary Circuit‡
Down Guy
Head Guy
Sidewalk Guy

Service Weather Head

Electric Distribution or
Lighting System, Underground
Manhole‡

M

Handhole‡

H

Transformer Manhole
or Vault‡

TM

Transformer Pad‡

TP

Nurses’ Annunciator
(Adding a number after it
indicates number of lamps,
e.g., + 1 24.)

1

Call Station, Single Cord,
Pilot Light

2

Call Station, Double Cord,
Microphone Speaker

3

Corridor Dome Light, 1 Lamp

4

Transformer

5

Any Other Item on Same System
(Use Numbers as Required.)

6

II.Paging System Devices
(Any Type)
Basic Symbol

SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 14 (continued). Recommended electrical symbols.

SECTION 2 / Specifics
SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS

147

Basic Symbol

(Examples of individual item identification. Not a part of standard.)

(Examples of individual item identification. Not a part of standard.)

Keyboard

1

Flush Annunciator

2

Master Clock

1

Two-Face Annunciator

3

12" Secondary (Flush)

2

Any Other Item on Same System
(Use Numbers as Required.)

4

12" Double Dial (Wall Mounted)

3

18" Skeleton Dial

4

Any Other Item on Same System
(Use Numbers as Required.)

5

III. Fire Alarm System Devices
(Any Type) Including Smoke and
Sprinkler Alarm Devices

VI. Public Telephone System Devices

Basic Symbol

Basic Symbol

(Examples of individual item identification. Not a part of standard.)

(Examples of individual item identification. Not a part of standard.)

Control Panel

1

Station

2

Switchboard

1

10" Gong

3

Desk Phone

2

Presignal Chime

4

Any Other Item on Same System
(Use Numbers as Required.)

3

Any Other Item on Same System
(Use Numbers as Required.)

5

IV. Staff Register System Devices
(Any Type)

VII. Private Telephone System Devices
(Any Type)
Basic Symbol
(Examples of individual item identification. Not a part of standard.)

Basic Symbol
(Examples of individual item identification. Not a part of standard.)

Switchboard

1

Phone Operators’ Register

1

Wall Phone

2

Entrance Register (Flush)

2

Any Other Item on Same System
(Use Numbers as Required.)

3

Staff Room Register

3

Transformer

4

Any Other Item on Same System
(Use Number as Required.)

5

V. Electric Clock System Devices
(Any Type)

VIII. System Devices
(Any Type)
Basic Symbol
(Examples of individual item identification. Not a part of standard.)

SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 14 (concluded). Recommended electrical symbols.

Common plumbing symbols. .SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 148 ALL PIPING RELATED SYMBOLS ARE GENERIC AND DO NOT REPRESENT A CONNECTION OR MATERIAL TYPE. MANY PLAN VIEWS ARE ALSO USED ON SECTION AND SIDE VIEW DRAWINGS CHECK VALVE (ARROW INDICATES FLOW DIRECTION) GATE VALVE (HANDLE ILLUSTRATED IS OPTIONAL) GLOBE VALVE (HANDLE ILLUSTRATED IS OPTIONAL) BALL VALVE (HANDLE ILLUSTRATED IS OPTIONAL) TEE UP (PLAN VIEW) TEE DOWN (PLAN VIEW) 90 DEGREE FITTING UP (PLAN VIEW) 90 DEGREE FITTING DOWN (PLAN VIEW) 45 DEGREE OFFSET (PLAN VIEW) P-TRAP (PLAN VIEW) SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 15.

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 149 COLD WATER (SINGLE DOT) HOT WATER (DOUBLE DOT) HOT WATER RETURN (TRIPLE DOT) VENT (CONTINUOUS DOTTED LINE) TANK TYPE TOILET (WATER CLOSET) BATHTUB LAVATORY KITCHEN SINK SHOWER URINAL HOSE FAUCET CAP REDUCER SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 16. . Common plumbing symbols.

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 150 CONDUCTOR OR WIRE CROSSING CONDUCTORS (NOT CONNECTED) CROSSING CONDUCTORS (CONNECTED) TERMINAL OR BINDING POST SINGLE POLE SINGLE THROW (SPST) SWITCH MOTOR M GROUND CIRCUIT BREAKER CEILING OUTLET CEILING OUTLET. Common electrical symbols. RECESSED FIXTURE J JUNCTION BOX DUPLEX RECEPTACLE WEATHERPROOF RECEPTACLE WP R RANGE RECEPTACLE FLOOR RECEPTACLE S SINGLE POLE SWITCH S3 THREE-WAY SWITCH SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 17. .

Common electrical symbols. DOUBLE THROW (GENERAL) FUSE + POSITIVE - NEGATIVE 2 POLE DOUBLE THROW SWITCH (TERMINALS SHOWN) L LAMP SINGLE RECEPTACLE FAN (MOTOR) or HOMERUN EXIT SIGN P PULL CHAIN T THERMOSTAT SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 18. .SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS S 151 COMBINATION SWITCH AND RECEPTACLE DISTRIBUTION PANEL SERVICE PANEL SWITCH.

Common HVAC symbols. EXAMPLE: 20 = 20 AMPS AND WP = WEATHERPROOF THIS SYMBOL INDICATES A 20 AMP WEATHERPROOF DUPLEX RECEPTACLE 20 WP SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 19.22 M × 60. SUPPLY AIR DIFFUSER RETURN AIR DIFFUSER FLEXIBLE DUCT 90° ELBOW WITH TURNING VALVES SQUARE TO ROUND TRANSISTION EF EXHAUST FAN PNEUMATIC THERMOSTAT ELECTRICAL THERMOSTAT HUMIDISTAT 4' × 2' (1.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 152 SYMBOLS FOR RECEPTACLES HAVING AN ATTACHED ABBREVIATION INDICATE DESIGNATION OF RECEPTACLE WP = WEATHERPROOF W = WASHING MACHINE GF = GROUND FAULT R = RANGE REF = REFRIGERATOR D = DRYER AMPERAGE RATING MAY ALSO BE ATTACHED TO RECEPTACLE SYMBOLS.96 CM) TROFFER DIFFUSER SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 20. Common electrical symbols. .

Common HVAC symbols.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS BD MANUAL BALANCING DAMPER SUPPLY BRANCH TAKE OFF WITH MANUAL BALANCING DAMPER DD DUCT MOUNTED SMOKE DAMPER BOTTOM FLAT TRANSITION TOP FLAT TRANSITION TWO-DIRECTIONAL SUPPLY DIFFUSER FOUR-DIRECTIONAL SUPPLY DIFFUSER SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 21. 153 .

The phrase welding symbol refers to the SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 22. several different locations. Multiple arrows may be added to the reference line to show the same weld required in SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 24. the break is made toward the member of the joint that is to be prepared or SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 23. an arrow. and it is always drawn horizontal to the bottom of the print. group of spot or fillet welds. The arrow is always drawn at an angle to the reference line. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 24. The weld symbol is only part of the total information that may be contained in the welding symbol. refers to the symbol for a specific type of weld. The reference line is used to apply weld symbols and other data. and the arrow connects the reference line to the joint or area to be welded. Each component has a particular function. Standard total symbol including all information added welding symbol. “arrow side” and “other side” apply to the location of the weld with respect to the joint. The tail is added only when needed for the purpose of including a specification process or other reference. It is never drawn parallel (horizontal) to or in the same plane as the reference line. and a tail. the application of the arrow. The direction of the arrow has no bearing on the significance of the reference line (refer to Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 25(a)). Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 23. The arrow simply indicates a point to which the significance of the reference line and its elements are applied. Note that if there is no preference as to which joint member is to be prepared. The standard welding symbol Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 22 consists of reference line. or it is obvious which member is to be prepared. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 23. to it to specify the weld(s) required. The lower side of the reference line is termed the arrow side and the upper side is termed the other side. the arrow need not be shown with a break. Variations in shaped. as in the case of a other side locations. The symbols developed by the American welding Society are covered in detail in the units that follow.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 154 WELDING SYMBOL A standard welding symbol and weld symbols have been developed by the American Welding Society. The reference line of the welding symbol also has a particular significance that remains the same regardless of the elements added to it. When shown with a break. Weld symbol on the other hand. It should be noted that the terms. Arrow side. . The arrow of the welding symbol may be shown with or without a break.

fillet weld symbol is always shown drawn to the left of the slanted side of the symbol. To summarize. Its significance is shown in Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 27(b). other side. Figure 26(b). the welding symbol is made as shown in Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 27(a). Additional information on multiple reference lines is presented later in this unit. . Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 26(a) illustrates the application of a welding symbol. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 28. The element shown on he reference line is the weld symbol for fillet or . Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 25(b). other side. When weld symbols are placed on both sides of the reference line. Fillet weld. Fillet weld. both sides.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 155 ARROW LINE AND REFERENCE LINE DRAWN INCORRECTLY (b) ARROW LINE AND REFERENCE LINE DRAWN INCORRECTLY (a) SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 25. In this case. Fillet weld. The significance of the symbol is illustrated in Symbols and Abbreviations SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 26. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 30. The significance of the welding symbol in each case is illustrated by Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 28(b) and Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 29(b). If the fillet weld symbol is placed on the other side of reference line. Fillet weld. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 27. arrow side. LOCATION OF WELD SYMBOL When a weld symbol is placed on the reference line on the lower side of the line. the weld must be made on the arrow side of the joint. Multiple reference lines may also be used within the basic welding symbol. Note that the vertical leg of the arrow side. The symbol is located within the length or the reference line. Application of multiple reference lines to the standard welding symbol. Fillet weld. the weld is to be made on the arrow side of the joint. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 29. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 28(a) and Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 29(a) illustrate the alternate positions of the weld symbol on the reference line. the welds must be made on both sides of the joint Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 30 and Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 31.

STUD. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 32 illustrates the different elements that may be added to the welding symbols and where they are located with respect to the arrow tail and reference lines. FINISH SYMBOL GROOVE ANGLE. SIZE OR STRENGTH FOR CERTAIN WELDS (N) REFERENCE LINE WELD SYMBOL NUMBER OF SPOT. its elements. DEPTH OF FILLING FOR PLUG AND SLOT WELDS GROOVE WELD SIZE BOTH T TAIL (MAY BE OMITTED WHEN REFERENCE IS NOT USED) OTHER SIDE PITCH (CENTER-TO-CENTER SPACING) OF WELDS FIELD WELD SYMBOL L-P WELD-ALLAROUND SYMBOL ARROW SIDE S(E) SIDES SPECIFICATION. OR PROJECTION WELDS ARROW CONNECTING REFERENCE LINE TO ARROW SIDE MEMBER OF JOINT OR ARROW SIDE OF JOINT ELEMENTS IN THIS AREA REMAIN AS SHOWN WHEN TAIL AND ARROW ARE REVERSED WELD SYMBOLS SHALL BE CONTAINED WITHIN THE LENGTH OF THE REFERENCE LINE SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 32. SLOT. . ADDITIONAL WELDING SYMBOL ELEMENTS A knowledge of the other elements added to the welding symbol and their placement is required before welding symbols on prints can be interpreted properly. PLUG. Each element applied to the basic welding symbol has a standard location with reference to the components of the welding symbol and to the other elements that are added to it. Two-joint fillet weld (both sides of joints). SEAM. and their locations. The welding symbol. PROCESS.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 156 SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 31. OR OTHER REFERENCE LENGTH OF WELD A R DEPTH OF BEVEL. INCLUDED ANGLE OF COUNTERSINK FOR PLUG WELDS CONTOUR SYMBOL F ROOT OPENING.

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 157 SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 33. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 35 shows the kinds of basic weld symbols applied to a welding symbol and their location with respect to the reference line of the basic welding symbol. A standard set of supplementary symbols may also be added to the basic welding symbols. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 34. Also note that an arrow with a break is generally necessary with bevel and J-groove symbols. The specific elements to be applied to the welding symbol to denote the types of welds are illustrated in Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 33. or both sides application. other side. an arrow with a break is not required. In cases where it is obvious which joint member is to be prepared. Basic weld symbols. . R SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 34. Note that all symbols do not have an arrow side. Supplementary symbols.

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 158 .SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 35. Basic weld symbols and their location significance on the reference line.

“R” for rolling. These symbols are not used on current prints. and “U” for unspecified. . Applying the letter “U” to a contour symbol signifies any method of finish may be used. and directly below the weld symbol when it is located on the arrow side of the reference line. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 37. however. Weld-all-around and field weld symbol. The weld symbols illustrated in Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 36 are called obsolete symbols because they have been replaced by new symbols. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 39. Letter designations are used for this purpose: “C” for chipping. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 38. symbols. CONTOUR AND FINISH SYMBOLS Supplementary contour symbols are used with the weld symbols to indicate how the face of the weld is to be finished. WeldAll-Around Symbols Welds extending continuously around the joint are indicated by placing the weld-all-around symbol at the break of the reference arrow line.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 159 OBSOLETE WELD SYMBOLS Weld symbols are periodically revised to simplify the shape of the symbol. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 40. or to create a symbol to specify a newly developed welding technique. they are included SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 36. Obsolete weld for reference in older prints. to consolidate several symbols into one. A field weld symbol and the weldall-around symbol may be used together. Application of weld-all-around symbol. PREFERRED SYMBOLS Field Weld. A standard finish mark or may be applied to the contour symbol with a numerical degree of finish shown above the finish mark. They are located directly above the weld symbol when the weld symbol is on the other side of the reference line. In addition finish symbols may be used with contour symbols to indicate the method to be used for forming the contour of the weld. “M” for machining. Note that the flag of the field weld symbol may point in either direction with respect to the arrow of the welding symbol. Note that contour and finish symbols are placed on the same side of the reference line as the weld symbol. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 37. “H” for hammering. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 39. “G” for grinding. Contour symbols. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 38. Welds not made in the shop are identified as field welds and are indicated by placing the field weld symbol or at the break in the reference arrow line. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 38.

DESIGNATION OF MEMBER TO BE BEVELED Certain welds require that one of the members of the joint be beveled before the weld in actually made. and Abbreviations Figure 41. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 40 and Symbols Application of finish symbols. When a bevel or J-groove weld symbol (either single or double) is used.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 160 SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 40. particularly in the case of flush welds. In Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 43(a) and (c). pitch (center-to-center-spacing). the righthand member of the joint is to be prenared. a symbols is shown for each weld. These locations are determined by the side of the reference line on which the weld symbol is placed. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 42. the arrow will point with a definite break toward the member to be shaped. However. and the number of welds (in the case of plug. MULTIPLE WELD SYMBOLS When more than one weld is required for a joint. Figure 42. Designation of weld on chamfered or beveled members. a bevel describes an edge preparation with a sharp or “feather” edge ( ). In Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 43(b). There are definite locations on the welding symbol for designations of size or strength of the weld. or with a root face or “land” ( ). or projection welds). An example of such a specification is the 250-microinch finish requirement shown in Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 40. length of the weld. but weld fabricators often simply apply the term “bevel” to both. slot. Machinists make a clear distinction between bevel and chamfer. manufacturers may use their own designations for finishing. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Specifying more than one weld. many manufacturers do indicate a desired finish. DIMENSIONS ON WELDING SYMBOLS SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 43. Finish symbols. Although the degree of finish is not included in the AWS standards. The finish symbols commonly used are shown in SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 41. the break in the arrow indicates that the upper member of the joint is to be beveled. To be precise. spot. The method of obtaining this finish may or may not be indicated. .

SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 45. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 45 shows how dimensions are applied to symbols. PLUG. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 46. DESIGNATION OF SEPCIAL INFORMATION Certain operations require a specific welding process. In this case. . a note can be placed in the tail of the reference line (using standard welding abbreviations). The location for the number of spot or projection welds may be either above or below the symbol since there may be no arrow side or other side significance for these symbols.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 161 GROOVE ANGLE. OR PROJECTION WELDS REFERENCE LINE GROOVE WELD SIZE (a) LOCATION OF DIMENSION WHEN WELD SYMBOL IS ON OTHER SIDE OF REFERENCE LINE SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 44. or other information necessary to complete the weld. Location of dimensions. SEAM LINE STUD. INCLUDED ANGLE OF COUTERSINK FOR PLUG WELDS A S(E) (BOTH SIDES) OTHER ARROW SIDE SIDE DEPTH OF PREPARATION SIZE OR STRENGTH FOR CERTAIN WELDS LENGTH OF WELD R ROOT OPENING OR DEPTH OF FILLING FOR PLUG AND SLOT WELDS PITCH (CENTER-TOCENTER SPACING) L-P (N) S(E) OF WELDS R L-P A (N) (b) LOCATION OF DIMENSIONS WHEN WELD SYMBOL IS ON ARROW SIDE OF REFERENCE NUMBER OF SPOT. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 44(a) and (b). A detailed explanation of their application is presented in later units which refer to specific welds. a particular type of electrode. Size dimensions applied to weld symbols.

such as for skewed joints (joints that deviate from a straight line). Specifying “Complete Joint Penetration” (CJP) in the tail of the welding symbol. when the symbol is shown on one view. Symbol may orthographic views. Application of information to reference line of welding symbol. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 46B. This ensures complete joint penetration when welding the gouged side of the joint. However. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 46C. A weld symbol may be omitted form the reference line if the type of joint preparation is not specified. 162 SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 46A. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 46D. It should be noted that when the letters “CJP” are found in the tail of the arrow. may be added to the drawing to further clarify the joint or weld required. therefore. A note is added to the print that signifies this option. . There are circumstances when weld symbols are not added to the reference line of a welding symbol. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 46B and Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 46C. or both sides significance. it is not necessary to include it on any of the other views. In such cases. Data. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 46B. a complete joint penetration weld is required regardless of the type of weld or joint preparation that is used. This may occur when the drawing permits optional joint preparation with only complete penetration specified. The location of the welding symbol on each view is illustrated in Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 47. note that the front view gives the best indication of the joint. the symbol should be added to this view. When this is the case. in the form of notes. other side. LOCATION OF THE WELDING SYMBOL ON ORTHOGRAPHIC VIEWS The welding symbol can be placed on any of the SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 47.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Note that the term “back gouge” indicates removal of weld metal and base metal from the other side of a partially welded joint. The welding symbol may not always be adequate to denote the weld required. In Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 47. The weld size is indicated on the desired side(s) of the reference line. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 46D. This is so indicated by placing the letters “CJP” in the tail of the arrow and omitting the weld symbol. Size of groove weld applied to welding symbol without reference to a weld symbol. but is generally shown on be placed in any view in the orthographic projection. Specifying additional information in the tail of the welding symbol. the view that best illustrates the joint. a weld-symbol is not shown on the reference line. Reference is made to the detail or section drawing by a note or notes added to the reference line of the welding symbol with an arrow side. a cross section or detail drawing of the joint and shape of the weld is shown on the print.

Duplicate welds. . SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 48B. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 48(a). Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 49. it is common practice to designate similar welds by additional (multiple) arrows. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 49. or by an indication placed in the tail or the symbol. and c). When multiple reference lines are applied to the basic welding symbol. Application of supplementary data to second reference line. Note that the abbreviation “TYP” for typical may be used to indicate a repetition of identical welds and is shown in the tail of the welding symbol. Tails may be added similarly. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 48C. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 48A. Note that the first reference line is the one located closest to the arrow. however. MULTIPLE REFERENCE LINES AND THEIR APPLICATIONS Additional reference lines may be applied to the basic welding symbol to show: (1) a sequence of welding operations where the first operation must be completed before the next can be performed and (2) supplementary data applicable to the weld symbol shown on the first reference line. Application of field weld symbol and tails to multiple reference line. If there is any doubt where these “4 places” are on the print. b. Application of weld symbols to multiple reference lines. that any indication such as “4 places” must refer to obvious welds. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 48(a. It should be noted. separate symbols for each weld should be applied. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 48(b).SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 163 DUPLICATE WELDS To save drafting time and to reduce drafting costs. the weld-all-around and field weld symbols may be added to one or all of the reference lines. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 48. Sequence of operations signified by multiple reference lines.

Application of weld symbol dimension tolerance. also called finish symbols. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 50B. SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 50C. . SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 50A.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 164 WELD SYMBOL DIMENSION TOLERANCE A tolerance applicable to a weld may be shown as a dimension within the tail of the welding symbol. Suffixes indicating method of applying welding process. Letter “A” used for identification. Finish abbreviations. Symbols and Abbreviations Figure 50A–D. Note: AW  ARC welding process MA  Method used to do welding SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 50D.

Electrical symbols. 165 .SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 51.

166 . Electrical symbols.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 51 (continued).

Electrical symbols. 167 .SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 51 (continued).

168 . Electrical symbols.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 51 (continued).

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Figure 51 (concluded). 169 . Electrical symbols.

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Material Symbols in Sections 170 .

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 171 Plumbing Symbols .

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 172 Electrical Symbols .

Note that the architectural symbols for the same material are often different in the elevation view. and section view. plan view.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 173 ARCHITECTURAL SYMBOLS NOTE: The following are architectural symbols that are frequently used on construction drawings. Building Materials Elevation Plan Section EARTH BRICK CONCRETE CONCRETE BLOCK STUD OR WOOD SIDING GLASS STUD OR GLASS BLOCK INSULATION OR STUD .

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 174 Exterior Walls Elevation Plan Section FACE BRICK FACE BRICK ON RUBBLE RUBBLE FACE BRICK FACE BRICK ON CONCRETE BLOCKS CONCRETE BLOCK FACE BRICK FACE BRICK ON STUD WALL STUD SPACE SHEET ROCK MASONRY PLASTER ON MASONRY PLASTER METAL STUD WALL STUD WALL FINISH STUD PARTITION WALL WOOD STUD .

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 175 SITE PLAN SYMBOLS Description Symbol Description NORTH ARROW N Symbol WALK PROPERTY LINE GRADE POINT FUEL GAS LINE G CONTOUR LINE FIRE HYDRANT MANHOLE POWER POLE WITH GUY MH ELECTRICAL SERVICE LINE E WATER LINE W FIRE LINE F TREE NATURAL GRADE (CONTOUR LINE) NUMBER INDICATES ELEVATION IN FEET ABOVE SEA LEVEL 60 60 FINISHED GRADE LINE MECHANICAL SYMBOLS Description RECTANGULAR OR SQUARE SUPPLY DUCT TURNED UP Symbol Description Symbol ROUND SUPPLY DUCT TURNED DOWN RECTANGULAR OR SQUARE SUPPLY DUCT TURNED DOWN RECTANGULAR CEILING DIFFUSER RECTANGULAR OR SQUARE EXHAUST DUCT TURNED UP ROUND CEILING DIFFUSER RECTANGUALR OR SQUARE EXHAUST DUCT TURNED DOWN FLEXIBLE CONNECTION ROUND SUPPLY DUCT TURNED UP TRANSITION: FOT = FLAT ON TOP FOT .

D.D.O. 12 X 8 SUPPLY OUTLET WITH SIZE AND AIR QUANTITY SHOWN DEFLECTOR IN DUCT BEHIND REGISTER OR GRILLE (ARROW INDICATES DIRECTION OF FLOW) BACKDRAFT DAMPER 200 CFM BDD ACCESS DOOR IN DUCT 10"X 10" SIZE 10 x 10 A.D. PNEUMATIC OPERATED DAMPER TURNING VANES IN A SQUARE THROAT ELBOW P. VOLUME-DAMPER ELECTRIC HEATER IN DUCT V.D.D. SPLITTER FITTING WITH DAMPER SMOKE DAMPER S. S.O.D. BRANCH TAP IN DUCT FIRE DAMPER F.D.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 176 MECHANICAL SYMBOLS (CONTINUED) Description Symbol Description ELECTRIC OPERATED DAMPER Symbol ACCOUSTICAL LINING INSIDE INSULATION E. THREE-WAY VALVE TURNING VANES IN A ROUND THROAT ELBOW PRESSURE REDUCING VALVE PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE OR SAFETY VALVE PLAN VIEW OF TRANSITION SOLENOID VALVE PIPE TURNED UP (ELBOW) OFF-SET UP IN DIRECTION OF ARROW PIPE TURNED DOWN (ELBOW) DUCT DIMENSIONS—FIRST FIGURE IS THE SIDE OF DUCT SHOWN (12 X 10) TEE (OUTLET UP) .

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 177 MECHANICAL SYMBOLS (CONCLUDED) Description Symbol Description Symbol ANGLE GATE VALVE TEE (OUTLET DOWN) ANGLE GLOBE VALVE B. BACKFLOW PREVENTER UNION PLUG VALVE REDUCER CHECK VALVE GATE VALVE FLEXIBLE CONNECTOR FLOW FLOW SWITCH OR PRESSURE GAUGE AND COCK GLOBE VALVE OR PRESSURE/TEMPERATURE PLUG BALL VALVE STRAINER.F.P. BLOW DOWN BUTTERFLY VALVE THERMOMETER DIAPHRAGM VALVE THERMOMETER WELL PIPING SYMBOLS Description Symbol Description Symbol LOW PRESSURE STEAM LPS REFRIGERANT SUCTION RS LOW PRESSURE CONDENSATE LPC REFRIGERANT LIQUID RL PUMPED CONDENSATE PC REFRIGERANT HOT GAS RHG FUEL OIL SUPPLY FOS CONDENSATE DRAIN FUEL OIL RETURN FOR FUEL GAS HOT WATER SUPPLY HWS CHILLED WATER SUPPLY CWS HOT WATER RETURN HWR CHILLED WATER RETURN CWR COMPRESSED AIR A CD G .

O. WASTE OR DRAIN LINE ACID WASTE LINE PLUMBING VENT LINE VACUUM LINE V COLD WATER (DOMESTIC) COMPRESSED AIR LINE A BACKFLOW PREVENTER BFP GATE VALVE OR OR HOT WATER (DOMESTIC) HOT WATER RETURN (DOMESTIC) FIRE LINE F GLOBE VALVE FUEL GAS LINE G CHECK VALVE (ARROW INDICATES DIRECTION OF FLOW) AW . WALL HYDRANT TUB YARD HYDRANT Y. WATER HEATER WH MANHOLE MH C.D.H. TANK-TYPE WATER CLOSET FLUSH VALVE WATER CLOSET WALL-MOUNTED LAVATORY COUNTER-TYPE LAVATORY URINAL KITCHEN SINK (DOUBLE BOWL) PLUMBING PIPE SYMBOLS Description Description Symbol Symbol SOIL.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 178 PLUMBING SYMBOLS Description Symbol Description METER M SPRINKLER PIPING S Symbol SHOWER SPRINKLER HEAD FLOOR DRAIN CLEAN-OUT F.

4 SPECIAL PURPOSE OUTLET (DESCRIBE IN SPECIFICATIONS) S Description SWITCH AND CONVENIENCE OUTLET JUNCTION BOX J LAMP HOLDER L WALL-MOUNTED LAMP HOLDER FLOOR OUTLET L CLOCK OUTLET FAN OUTLET F GENERATOR G C LIGHTING PANEL POWER PANEL BRANCH CIRCUIT HOME RUN TO PANEL (NUMBER INDICATES THE NUMBER OF THE CIRCUIT BREAKERS IN PANEL) 1 2 SINGLE-POLE SWITCH 3 DOUBLE-POLE SWITCH BRANCH CIRCUIT (HASH MARKS INDICATE NUMBER OF WIRES) THREE-WAY SWITCH OR 4 MOTOR FOUR-WAY SWITCH K ISOLATING SWITCH KEY-OPERATED SWITCH P BELL SWITCH WITH PILOT LIGHT WP OUTSIDE TELEPHONE OUTLET WATERPROOF SWITCH FIRE ALARM BELL F M . OR DOUBLE DUPLEX. ETC. TRIPLEX. 3.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 179 PLUMBING PIPE SYMBOLS (CONCLUDED) Description Symbol Description UNION TEE OUTLET DOWN PIPE TURNED DOWN TEE OUTLET TO SIDE Symbol PIPE TURNED UP REDUCER TEE OUTLET UP PIPE SLEEVE ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS Description SINGLE CONVENIENCE OUTLET Symbol F Symbol 1 FUSED SWITCH R DOUBLE CONVENIENCE OUTLET GANG OUTLET CONVENIENCE OUTLET OTHER THAN DUPLEX.

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 180 ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS (CONCLUDED) Description Symbol FIRE ALARM STATION F TRANSFORMER T Description TELEPHONE SWITCHBOARD BATTERY FUSED ISOLATING SWITCH INSIDE TELEPHONE OUTLET F GROUND POINT Symbol .

SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 181 ABBREVIATION Abbreviation Description Abbreviation Description °C Celsius or Degrees Centigrade Degrees Fahrenheit Area Air Carbon Arc Cutting Air Acetylene Welding Arc Brazing or Anchor Belt Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Air Conditioning. Board. or Brazing Bell and Spigot Base Plate Back to Back Bathroom Baseboard or Block Brazing Barrel Balancing Damper. Brine. or Alternating Current Access Door or Area Drain Americans with Disabilities Act Addendum Above Finished Floor Aboveground American Gas Association Aggregate Air Handling Unit Atomic Hydrogen Welding American Institute of Electrical Engineers Air Conditioning American Iron and Steel Institute Aluminum Alarm Ampere Oxygen Arc Cutting Access Panel American Petroleum Institute Approved Approximate Architect. Association American Society for Testing Materials Acoustical Tile Average Acid Waste or Arc Welding American Wire Gauge American Water Works Association Bath. or Building Drain Between Back Feed Backflow Preventer Boiler House Bidet Book Shelves Breaker Building Line Building Black or Block Blocking Blower Boiler Beam or Bench Mark Bare Metal Arc Welding Blow-Off Bottom Of Duct °F A AAC AAW AB ABS AC AD ADA ADD AFF AG AGA AGGR AHU AHW AIEE AIR COND AISI AL or ALUM ALM AMP AOC AP API APPD APPROX ARCH ASA ASB ASHRAE ASME ASPH ASRE ASSOC ASTM AT AVE AW AWG AWWA B B&S B PL B to B or B – B BA BB bbl or BBL BD BET BF BFP BH BID BK SH BKR BL or BLD LIN BLD. Arc Cutting. BLDG BLK BLKG BLO BLR BM BMAW BO BOD . Architectural American Standards Association Asbestos American Society of Heating. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers ASHVE American Society of Heating and Ventilating Engineers American Society of Mechanical Engineers Asphalt American Society of Refrigeration Engineers Associate.

I. Center Line. Center. Hundred. or Thermal Conductance Centerline. or Carbon Steel Casing Central Switch Panel Center Copper Cubic Foot Cubic Inch BSMT BT BTR BTU BV BVL BWV C C or CL C to C or C – C C to F CⴛC CⴛCⴛC CⴛF CⴛM C2H2 C4H10 CAB CAC CAW CAW-G CAW-S CAW-T CB CC CEM CEM FL CEM MORT CEM PLAS CEW CF or CU FT CFLG CFM CFS CHAN CHW CHWR CND CNTR CO CO2 COD COL COM COMP CONC COND CONN CONST CONT CONTR CONV CONV ENCL COP CORRUG COV COV PL CP CPM CPVC CR PL CRNRS CS CSG CSP CTR CU CU FT CU IN . Courses. or Carbon Monoxide Carbon Dioxide Cleanout Door Column Common Composition. or Control Point Cycles Per Minute Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride Chrome Plated Corners Cast Steel. Clean-Out. CI or CU IN CIR CIR BKR CK CKT CLG HT CL CLKG CLNG or CLG CLR CM CMU Chilled Water Supply Cast Iron Cubic Inch Circle Circuit Breaker Cast Iron Circuit Ceiling Height Center Line or Centerline Caulking Ceiling Clear Centimeter Concrete Masonry Unit (concrete block) Conduit Center or Counter Cleanout. or Closet Center to Center Center to Face Copper by Copper Copper by Copper by Copper Copper by Female Copper by Male Acetylene Butane Cabinet Carbon Arc Cutting Carbon Arc Welding Gas Carbon Arc Welding Shielded Carbon Arc Welding Twin Carbon Arc Welding Catch Basin or Cinder Block Cubic Centimeter Cement Cement Floor Cement Mortar Cement Plaster Coextrusion Welding Cubic Foot/Feet Counter Flashing Cubic Feet Per Minute Cubic Feet Per Second Channel Chilled Water Chilled Water Return CHWS CI or C.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 182 Abbreviation Description Abbreviation Description BOP BOT or BOTT BP BR BRK BRM BS Bottom of Pipe Bottom Blueprint or Bypass Bedroom or Boiler Room Brick Broom Closet Building Sewer or Bureau of Standards Basement Bathtub Better British Thermal Unit Ball Valve or Butterfly Valve or Branch Vent Beveled Back Water Valve Centigrade. Compression. Chrome Plated. or Companion Concrete Conductor Connection Construction Contact or Continuous Contractor Convector Convector Enclosure Copper Corrugated Cover Cover Plate Cesspool. Cast Stone.

Deep. DIAM. Depth. or ⵰ DIAG DIF DIM DISC DMPR DN DO DP DR DR DS DT DW DWG DWN. Floor Drain. DN DWV E E to C or E – C E to E or E – E EASP EBC EBW EBW-HV EBW-MV EBW-NV ECO EF EGW el or EL ELEC ELEV EME ENCL ENGR ENT EP EQ EQUIP ESP EST ESW EWC EWH EXC EXIST EXP EXP JT EXT EXW F DR F EXT F to F or F – F FAB FACP FAI FB FBRK FCAW FCO FCU FD FDR FDT FF FG FHY FIG FIN FIN FL FIP FL FL or FLR FLB FLG . or Drainage Downspout Dust Tight Dishwasher or Dry Well Drawing Down Drainage Waste and Vent East End to Center End to End Electric Arc Spraying Electron Beam Cutting Electron Beam Welding Electron Beam Welding— High Vacuum Electron Beam Welding— Medium Vacuum Electron Beam Welding— Nonvacuum End Cleanout EDR Equivalent Direct Radiation Exhaust Fan Electrogas Welding Elevation Electric Elevation or Elevator Emergency Enclosure Engineer Entrance Explosion Proof Equal Equipment Emergency Switch Panel Estimate Electroslag Welding Electric Water Cooler Electric Water Heater Excavate Existing Exposed or Expansion Expansion Joint Exterior Explosion Welding Fire Door Fire Extinguisher Face to Face Fabricate Fire Alarm Control Panel Fresh Air Intake Fixture Branch or Furnace Brazing Firebrick Flux Cored Arc Welding Floor Cleanout Fan Coil Unit Fire Damper. Drain. or Fixture Drain Feeder Foundation Finished Floor Fuel Gas Fire Hydrant Figure Finish Finished Floor Female Iron Pipe Flashing Floor Flow Brazing Flange CW CWP CY or CU YD CYL d D D S. ° DET DF DFB DFU DFW DH DIA.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 183 Abbreviation Description Abbreviation Description CUR CV or CK V Current Circuit Vent or Check Valve Cold Water or Cold Welding Circulating Water Pump Cubic Yard Cylinder Penny (nail size) Diameter or Dryer Downspout Double Direct Current Dimmer Control Panel Degree Detail Drinking Fountain Diffusion Brazing Drainage Fixture Unit Diffusion Welding Double Hub Diameter Diagram Diffuser Dimension Disconnect Damper Down Ditto Dampproofing. DS DBL DC DCP DEG. or Dip Brazing Dining Room Door.

Insulation Insulation Interior Invert International Plumbing Code Iron Pipe Size Infrared Brazing Indirect Waste or Induction Welding Junction Box Janitor’s Closet Janitor Sink Joists Joint Kelvin. " INC INFO INS INSUL INT INV IPC IPS IRB IW J JCL JS JSTS JT K . or Kilopound (See KIP) GFI GI GL GL BL GMAC GMAW GMAW-P GMAW-S GND GP GPF GPH GPM GPS GR or GRD GT GTAC GTAW GTAW-P GTV or GV HC HCW HD HDR HG HGT HHW HHWR HHWS HM HOR or HORIZ HP HPW HT or HGT HTG HVAC HW HWH HWM HWR I IB ID IE IN. or Horse Power (Horsepower) Hot Pressure Welding Height Heater or Heating Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning Hot Water Hot Water Heater High Water Mark Hot Water Return I Beam or Insulation (see INS) Induction Brazing Inside Diameter Invert Elevation Inch or Inches Increaser Information Insulate. or Grounded Gauge Gallon Galvanized Garage Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter Ground Fault Interrupter Galvanized Iron Glass Glass Block Gas Metal Arc Cutting Gas Metal Arc Welding Gas Metal Arc Welding— Pulsed Arc Gas Metal Arc Welding— Short Circuiting Arc Ground Gauge Pressure Gallons Per Flush Gallons Per Hour Gallons Per Minute Gallons Per Second Grade Grease Trap Gas Tungsten Arc Cutting Gas Tungsten Arc Welding Gas Tungsten Arc Welding—Pulsed Arc Gate Valve GYP BD HB Gypsum Board Height (see HGT). Ground. ' FTG FU FURN FV FW G GA GAL GALV GAR GFCI Flanged Flow Welding Floor Foundation Flat On Bottom Chemical Flux Cutting Flat On Top Foundation Forge Welding Fireplace or Full Port Feet Per Minute Fireproof Feet Per Second Font Friction Welding Floor Sink Feet or Foot Footing or Fitting Fixture Unit Furnish Flush Valve Flash Welding Gas. or Horizontal Branch Hollow Core Door Hollow Core Wood Heavy Duty or Hub Drain Header Mercury Height (see HB) Heating Hot Water Heating Hot Water Return Heating Hot Water Supply Hollow Metal Horizontal High Point. Hose Bib (Bibb).SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 184 Abbreviation Description Abbreviation Description FLGD FLOW FLR FND FOB FOC FOT FOUND or FDN FOW FP FPM FPRF FPS FR FRW FS FT. Kitchen. High Pressure.

' MISC MLDG MM MN MO MOD MR MRR MS MSS Maximum Mechanical Medium Mezzanine Manufacturing Manufacturer Manhole Malleable Iron and Mile Minimum or Minute Miscellaneous Moulding Millimeter Main Masonry Opening Modular Marble. # LB/CU/FT LBC LBC-A LBC-EV LBC-IG LBC-O LBW LDG LEV LH LIB LIN LIN FT LIQ LKR R LOC LP LPG LPS LR LT LV LW LWC M MAC MAINT MALL MANUF MAS MATL MT MTG MTL MV N N/F N2 NAT NC NEC NFPA NFWH NG NH NIC NIP NL NO NOM NPS NT or NTS O O. Low Voltage. Men’s Toliet Mounting Metal Millivolt North Now or Formerly Nitrogen Natural Normally Closed National Electric Code® National Fire Protection Association Non Freeze Wall Hydrant Natural Gas No Hub Not In Contract Nipple Night Light Normally Open or Number Nominal National Pipe Size Not To Scale Offset Overhead Door Overhead or Over Oxygen Oxyacetylene Welding On Center or Oxygen Cutting Outside Diameter Oxyfuel Gas Cutting Oxyacetylene Cutting L or LGTH LAD LAU LAV LB LB. Door o/ O2 OAW OC OD OFC OFC-A . Motor. or Length (see LGTH) Length Ladder Laundry Lavatory Pound Pound Pounds Per Cubic Foot Laser Beam Cutting Laser Beam Cutting—Air Laser Beam Cutting— Evaporative Laser Beam Cutting— Inert Gas Laser Beam Cutting— Oxygen Laser Beam Welding Landing Level Left-Handed Library Linen Closet Linear Feet Liquid Locker Room Oxygen Lance Cutting Low Pressure Liquid Petroleum Gas Liters Per Second Living Room Light Loop Vent. or Thousand Metal Arc Cutting Maintenance Malleable Manufacturer Masonry Material MAX MECH MED MEZZ MFG MFR MH MI MIN. Left. Mop Receptor Men’s Rest Room Mop Sink Manufacturer’s Standardization Society Empty.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 185 Abbreviation Description Abbreviation Description KIP KG KM KO KS KVA KW KWHR L Kilopound Kilogram Kilometer Knock Out Kitchen Sink Kilovoltage Amperes Kilowatt Kilowatt Hour Angle.H. or Louver Light Weight Light Weight Concrete Meter.

South. PLMG. or Pull Chain PCF Pounds Per Cubic Foot PE Plain End or Polyethylene PERF Perforated PEW Percussion Welding PEX Cross Linked Polyethylene PG Pressure Gauge PGW Pressure Gas Welding PH Phase or Power House PI Pressure Indicator PL Plate PLAS Plaster PLG. Pre-cast Concrete. or PLUMB Plumbing PL GL Plate Glass PLYWD Plywood POC Point of Connection PORT Portable PRCST Precast PREFAB Prefabricated PRES Pressure PROP Proposal PRV Pressure Reducing Valve PS Pipe Shaft PSF Pound Per Square Foot PSI Pounds Per Square Inch PSIA Pounds Per Square Inch Absolute PSIG Pounds Per Square Inch Gauge PT Pint or Pressure-Treated Lumber PTD Painted PTN Partition PVC Polyvinyl Chloride 186 Abbreviation Description PW PWR QTY R Projection Welding Power Quantity Radius. RECIRC RED REF REG REINF REM REP REQ RET REV RF RGH RGH OPNG RH RI RL RM ROB ROW RPM RPS RPZ RSEW RSEW-HF RSEW-I RSW RT RTU RV RW RWL S S&P . or Switch Shelf and Pole R&L RA RAD RAG RB RCP RD RECIR. or Risers Right and Left Return Air Radiator Return Air Grille Resistance Brazing Reinforced Concrete Pipe Road or Roof Drain Recirculate Reducing or Reducer Refrigerator Register Reinforcement or Reinforced Remove Repair Requirement Return Revision Roof or Roof Flashing Rough Rough Opening Right-Hand Rough-in Roof Leader Room Run of Bank (gravel) Right of Way or Roll Welding Revolutions Per Minute Revolutions Per Second Reduced Pressure Zone Valve Resistance Seam Welding Resistance Seam Welding—High Frequency Resistance Seam Welding—Induction Resistance Spot Welding Rain Tight or Right Roof Top Unit Relief Vent or Relief Valve Resistance Welding Rain Water Leader Sink. Range. Recessed. PAL PAW PB PC Description Oxyhydrogen Cutting Oxynatural Gas Cutting Oxypropane Cutting Office Oxyfuel Gas Welding Oxyhydrogen Welding Opening Outside Screw and Yoke Oriented Strand Board Overload Ounce Pressure and Temperature Plasma Arc Cutting Panel Plasma Arc Welding Lead Plumbing Contractor.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS Abbreviation OFC-H OFC-N OFC-P OFF OFW OHW OPG OS&Y OSB OVLD OZ P&T PAC PAN. Sewer.

Standard Gauge Ultrasonic Welding Upset Welding Upset Welding—High Frequency Upset Welding— Induction Volt. SPR SQ or  SQ FT SQ IN SQ YD SS SST SSW STD STL STY SW SWBD SY SYS T T&G T&P TB TBM TC TCAB TD TEMP TG TH THD THERM THK T’HOLD TI TLT TOC TOD TP TSTAT TW TYP UG UH UL UNFIN UNO UR USS USSG USW UW UW-HF UW-I V VA VAC VAV . Safety Valve. or Service Sink Stainless Steel Solid-State Welding Standard Steel Story SUP SUPT SV Supply Superintendent Stack Vent.S. or Service Weight Pipe Stud Arc Welding or Switch Switchboard Square Yard System Toilet or Travel Tongue and Groove Temperature and Pressure Torch Brazing Temporary Bench Mark Thermal Cutting Twin Carbon Arc Brazing Trench Drain Temperature Temperature Gauge Thermostat (see TSTAT) Threaded Thermometer Thick Threshold Temperature Indicator Toilet Top of Concrete Top Of Duct Trap Primer or Tie-in Point Thermostat (see TH) Thermit Welding Typical Underground Unit Heater Underwriter’s Laboratories Unfinished Unless Noted Otherwise Urinal United States Standard U. Soil Stack. Vent. or Valve Voltage Amperes Vacuum Variable Air Volume SAG SAN SAW SAW-S SCD SCH or SCHED SCM SCRND SD SEC SEW SF SH SHT SHTG SHR or SHWR SIM SIN SK SL SLD SM SMAC SMACNA SMAW SO SOV SP SPEC SPKR.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 187 Abbreviation Description Abbreviation Description SA Shock Absorber or Supply Air Supply Air Grille Sanitary Submerged Arc Welding Series Submerged Arc Welding Screwed Schedule Square Centimeter Screened Split Damper or Storm Drain Second Sewer Square Foot or Square Feet Shower or Single Hub Sheet Sheathing Shower Similar Square Inch Sketch or Sink Slate or Sliding Solder Square Meter Shielded Metal Arc Cutting Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors National Association Shielded Metal Arc Welding Side Outlet Shut-Off Valve Soil Pipe or Static Pressure Specifications Sprinkler Square Square Foot Square Inch Square Yard Stainless Steel (See SST). Sanitary Sewer.

Watt. Wall Hydrant. Volt Vent Shaft Vapor Tight Vent Through Roof West. Width. Women’s Toliet Wall Vent Water Working Pressure Cross Section Transfer Transformer Extra Heavy Extra Strong Cross Section Double Extra Heavy Double Extra Strong Yard Yard Drain Inlet Yard Hydrant Yellow Year VCP VCT VD VEL VERT VEST VIF VOL VS VT VTR W W&D WARD WB WC WCO WD WDW WH WP WRR WS W/ WSFU WT WV WWP X SECT XFER XFRMR XH or XHVY XS X-SECT XXH XXS YD YDI YH YLW YR . Weatherproof. or Weephole WI WM Wrought Iron Washing Machine or Water Meter Water Pump. Wire. Waterproof.SECTION 2 / Specifics SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS 188 Abbreviation Description Abbreviation Description VB Vacuum Breaker. Weight. Valve Box. Weatherhead. or Vapor Barrier Vitrified Clay Pipe Vinyl Composite Tile Volume Damper Velocity Vertical Vestibule Verify In Field Volume. or Weatherproofing Women’s Rest Room Waste Stack With Water Supply Fixture Unit Water Tight. or Washing Machine Washer and Dryer Wardrobe Washer Box Water Closet Wall Cleanout Wood Window Water Heater.