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Common Emitter Amplifier

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design Laboratory
Experiment no. 1
Tamisen, Daniel Jonathan S.
201110578
59020/Fri. 7:00-10:00
djstamisen@gmail.com
Abstract—This report tends to explain and to discuss the
behavior, function, and main operation of an BJT Common
Emitter Amplifier circuit given with a set of unknown parameters
for observations, although there are many types of circuit
configurations for a Common Emitter Amplifier circuit. In the
said experiment we are going to use the CE Voltage-Divider Bias
Circuit configuration for our function and operation analysis and
to at least differentiate it to its other types. We must also analyze
the AC and DC analyzation for computing the unknown
parameters in the said circuit.
Keywords:

signal to the Collector where the Emitter serves as a ground
reference.
The Common Emitter Amplifier circuit is known for it has
the following characteristics like high-input impedance, lowoutput impedance, high voltage, current, and power gain, and
produces a phase reversal of 180˚.
The Common Emitter Amplifier is widely used than the
other configurations due to the fact that CE amplifiers have
large voltage, current, and power gain and its input and output
impedances are suitable for many applications.
II.

Bipolar-Junction Transistor(BJT) – consist of two backto-back P-N junctions manufactured as a single piece of
semiconductor crystal. These two junctions give rise to three
main regions namely Emitter, Collector, and Base.
Common Emitter Amplifier(CE) – A BJT amplifier,
where the input signal is injected to the Base-Emitter junction
whereas the output is taken to the Collector.
Amplifier – an electronic device that increases the
power of a signal.
Base – lightly-doped part of the BJT.
Emitter- heavily-doped part of the BJT compared to the
other regions.
Collector – collects majority charge carriers coming
from the Emitter passing through the Base.

I.

INTRODUCTION

A Bipolar-Junction Transistor is one the common types of
transistor used as a switch, an oscillator, or more often as for
amplification purposes.
As for amplification purposes, the BJT may be classified in
three types namely Common Base, Common Collector, and
Common Emitter amplifiers.
The Common Emitter Amplifier is one of the types of
amplifier mainly used as a voltage amplifier. In an Common
Emitter, the input signal is applied to the Base and the output

MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT

A. Components
1. Resistors : 10kΩ(1) ; 3.9kΩ(2) ; 4.7kΩ(1) (all in ½
Watts)
2. Capacitors : 1µF(2) ; 220µF (1)
3. Transistor : 2N3904 NPN Transistor (2)
B. VOM
C. NI ELVIS II Workstation
D. NI ELVIS Prototyping Board
III.

PROCEDURE

Before performing the said experiment, test first all
the equipment borrowed if they function normally and also
check if the components to be used are complete and
working. After checking the component and when it seem
that everything are ready, assemble the circuit given in the
experiment manual with the given components that are
needed to be used in the NI ELVIS II prototyping board
which is connected to the computer and NI ELVIS II
workstation.
Given
the
unknown
parameters

V B , V C ,V E , V CE , V BE , A V , measure the following

using the VOM that is connected to the simulation in the
workstation. After gathering the results, compute for the
true or expected value and compare it to the measured or
experimental values that are to be measured used the VOM
connected in the simulation and program in the computer,
then compute for the percent error for the deviation in the
values. When everything is done, return the NI ELVISS II
device and formulate analysis and conclusion.

also known as potential difference.3) AC. Abbreviations and Acronyms a.7 V 4. the rate of charge.6725 V 0.8795 V 1.0892% Av -168.6) NI – National Instruments TABLE I. but for the waveform. DC ANALYSIS VALUES Parameters B.0409 V 4. Equations As for the Common Emitter Voltage-Divider Bias Configuration.) x 100 IV.2137% Vbe 0.2625% Figure I.Alternating Current a. ANALYSIS OF DATA AND RESULTS Based on the gathered data and results with respect to the ELVIS output simulated waveform. it usually uses the Thevenin equivalent and Kirchhoff’s Voltage and Current Laws for both DC and AC analysis.I.1) BJT. Output Signal Waveform (1) VI. I have observed that the output waveform have shift 180˚ of its original position and enlarging the output signal than the input.3300 V 10.5) VOM – Volt-Ohn Meter or Multimeter a. Units  Amperes (A) – SI unit for current.Bipolar Junction Transistor a. due to the function of the 2N3904 NPN-BJT and other components for the CE Voltage-Divider Bias circuit.0737 V 7.5973% Vc 11. a practical definition of 1 Volt/1 Ampere C.V.2587% Vce 6. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM VII.V. DATA AND RESULTS Measured Value Expected Value %Error Vb 5.6755 V 7.4400% Ve 4.9630 V 6.7737 V 5. It does not vary.  Ohm (Ω) – SI unit for resistance and/or impedance.V. OBSERVATIONS Based on the signal shown in the experiment. %Error = (|T.|/T. The Percentage Error is also used for computing the difference between the true and experimented values. it can also be observe in the ELVIS workstation that there is a great difference between the peak voltages for both waveforms.2) CE – Common Emitter a. a practical definition of 1 Coulomb/1 second  Volts (V) – SI unit for voltage.3694 V 4. A.9532 V 3. VIII.-M.V. CONCLUSION The Common Emitter Amplifier tends to increase its output generated signal from a simple peak-to-peak voltage to an inverse sinusoidal waveform with a phase shift of 180˚. REFERENCES [1] [2] [3] A Textbook of Electrical Technology Google Wikipedia . the measured and computed value has a very minimal difference due because of the external factors involved.4) DC – Direct Current a. The DC operating point of the amplifier is just the same as the operating point of a BJT as per biasing rule. a practical definition of 1 Joule/ 1 Coulomb.0541 -156.

[4] [5] .