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REVISED FOR FALL 2014

TEST BANK – EXAM TWO
As you know by now from experience, there are multiple forms of some of the questions to help you
sort through a wider range of possibilities and still arrive at the correct answer.
Historical and Cultural Backgrounds and Issues in Theology
1.
Which of the following represents most accurately the means by which scholars arrive at dates for
events in the history of the Ancient Near East?
a.
A solar calendar, discovered in Egypt, lists all the pharaohs from the fourth dynasty on and
correlates them with Mesopotamian rulers
b.
Because there is no fixed point with which to correlate dates from each separate empire, we
are left with only very approximate guesses
c.
There are lists from Assyria in which years were named after individuals and notable
occurrences one of which was an eclipse dating to 763 BCE
d.
We simply have to figure back from the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem in 70 CE and,
in the process, add up all the years of the reigning kings
2.

Which of the following represents most accurately the means by which scholars arrive at dates for
events in the history of the Ancient Near East?
a.
When the church gained dominance in the fourth century, it standardized all the culturally
determined calendars into one system
b.
The magi in Babylon developed a system for correlating astronomical years with political
leaders
c.
There are lists from Assyria in which years were named after individuals and notable
occurrences are mentioned, one of which was an eclipse dating to 763 BCE
d.
It is possible to work backwards from the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem in 70 CE
because it was such a significant international event that all the cultures in the Ancient Near
East mentioned it

3.

The foreigners who ruled Egypt for about 150 years prior to the beginning of the 18th
dynasty, were hated by the Egyptians, and were driven out by Ahmose were called
a.
Hyksos
b.
Habiru
b.
Hamites
d.
Edomites
none of these

c.
4.

Who were the Hyksos?
a.
They built the pyramids during the fourth dynasty
b.
They dominated Egypt between about 1700 and 1550 BCE and their role as outsiders
who were hated may have contributed in some way to the antipathy that the Egyptians
felt toward Israel
c.
This was another term for the Hebrews taskmasters who oversaw their fellow Hebrew
slaves and reported misdeeds to the Egyptian hierarchy
d.
This was the large category of women from which the midwives came
e.
None of the above

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5.

Which Egyptian ruler indicated that he had subdued the people of Israel as he was
conquering parts of the land known as Canaan?
a.
Thutmose III
b.
Ramses II
c.
Supiluliamus IV
d.
Ahmose
e.
none of the above

6.

Which empire made treaties with the Egyptians which demonstrate a significant formal
similarity to the structure of the covenant as articulated in Exodus 20-24 and the book of
Deuteronomy?
a. Babylonian
b.
Assyrian
c. Hittite
d.
Hellenistic
e. none of the above

7.

Examples that have been found of Hittite treaties were made between the Hittites and
a.
powerful city-states in Mesopotamia
b.
exiles from the Greek islands
c.
rulers of Jerusalem, Jericho, and Hebron
d.
Egyptians
e.
none of the above

8.

Who was Hatshepsut?
a.
the head of a coalition who ejected the Hyksos from Egypt and re-established
Egyptian rule
b.
the daughter of Thutmose I and wife/sister of Thutmose II who reigned in Egypt for a
significant amount of time
c. the wife of Ramses II who was responsible for the slave labor that built the pyramids
d. the priestess who worshiped Amon-Re and taught Moses monotheism

9.

Who was Hatshepsut?
a.
he was one of the members of the tribe of Levi who helped to nurture Moses
b.
she was the person who kept track of the location of the bones of Joseph
c.
one of the Hebrew midwives blessed for sparing the lives of Hebrew boys
d.
a daughter of Thutmose I, sister and wife of Thutmose II, and co-regent with
Thutmose III during the 18th dynasty
e.
none of the above

10.

Which of the following is not among the suggested possible reasons as to why we do not see
any evidence of the Israelites’ exodus from Egypt in Egyptian sources?
a.
Egyptian inscriptions were propaganda tools and would not record defeats of the
Pharaoh
b.
the Hyksos, who were ethnically related to the Israelites, dominate the textual
evidence that we have from that period
c.
much of the activity took place in the Delta region which is muddy and would not
preserve texts well even if they did exist
d.
in the Egyptian philosophy of words, if an event were not written down, it was as
if it never occurred

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11.

Which of the following is not among the suggested possible reasons as to why we do not see
any mention of the Israelites’ exodus from Egypt in Egyptian sources?
a.
Egyptian inscriptions were propaganda tools and would not record defeats of the
Pharaoh
b.
when the Israelites left Egypt, they removed all the evidence of their humiliation
in slavery for more than 400 years
c.
much of the activity took place in the Delta region which is muddy and would not
preserve texts well
d.
in the Egyptian philosophy of words, if an event were not written down, it was as
if it never occurred

12.

Why is it important to establish as clearly as we can, the date for the Exodus?
a.
it determines when the Passover sacrifice was initiated and the number of years
between that and the fall of the temple represents the only period of time when Israel
was obedient to the Lord in regard to practices in the temple
b.
it gives scholars a benchmark date for determining when Jacob and his family went
down into Egypt and when Abraham lived
c.
it proves that the archaeological data from Egypt have been misinterpreted
d.
actually, it really makes no difference whatsoever because the Exodus is only a
symbolic literary narrative, not an historical event

13.

Which biblical data are most strongly supportive of the late date proposal for the Exodus?
a.
There is a reference in I Kings 6:1 indicating that the interval between the Exodus and
the building of the Temple was 480 years and a second passage in Judges 11 to the
effect that Israel had occupied the territory of the Ammonites for 300 years before
that incident took place.
b.
The narrative of the conquest in Joshua describes destruction of the cities in Israel
that directly match what we find in archaeological remains dating to the period
indicated by the early date.
c.
The mention of building two store-cities in Exodus 1:11 suggests that the ruling
pharaoh was Ramses II who was a remarkable builder
d.
The “pharaoh who did not know Joseph” (Exodus 1:8) has been identified as
Merneptah and we know he was the first of the Hyksos rulers

14.

Which of the following is not a supporting piece of data for the early date proposal for the
Exodus?
a.
the text of Exodus mentions building store cities of Pithom and Ramses and we can
connect those labors with the reign of Pharaoh Ramses II, who was a builder of
monumental temples and other structures
b.
I Kings 6:1 indicates that the temple that Solomon built was completed in 480 years
after the Exodus and we can date the former event to 966 B.C.E.
c.
Judges 11 does mention that the Israelites had controlled the region of Transjordan for
300 years and that incident takes place around 1100 B.C.E.

15.

Those who hold to a late date for the Exodus base their position upon

4 a. none of the above 18. d. the Amalekite king who attacked the Israelites after they left Egypt c. Thutmose III C. the facts that Ramses II was a renowned builder of monumental structures and the text of Exodus mentions building the cities of Ramses and Pithom references in the later historical books regarding the date of the building of Solomon’s Temple and the length of time between the conquest and Jephthah the occurrence of a lunar eclipse at the time of the Exodus Thutmose III’s list of conquered cities in Canaan which includes major cities mentioned in the conquest none of the above 16. b. because God is the sole source of law and order. Seti I c. Regardless of whether we take an early or late date position regarding the Exodus. Ramses II e. it occurred during the period of the ____________ in Egypt. Amenhotep II d. Which Pharaoh would have been the Pharaoh of the Exodus if we opt for an early date? A. a text about Ramses conquering the Hittites and encountering Israelites on the way e. none of the above 21. the Egyptian form of calf worship d. none of the above 19. a theocracy is the same as a democracy in that the will of the community is vital and individualism is not an appropriate means of political or social expression . the name of a legal code from Mesopotamia dating to the third millennium BCE b. Thutmose I b. there are no recognized human governing authorities in a theocracy d. Which of the following is the best description of a theocracy? a. d. c. 19th dynasty c. Akhnaton B. 3rd dynasty e. 18th dynasty b. Ahmose D. None of the above 20. Middle Kingdom e. none of these 17. During which dynastic period(s) did the Exodus take place if we opt for an early date for the Exodus? a. a system of government in which priests and temple personnel essentially serve in the capacity of a Supreme Court c. Ramses II E. Who would have been the Pharaoh of the Exodus according to a late date chronology? a. New Kingdom d. a government or political system in which God is the ultimate Authority as He rules through His ministers and priests b. 12th-15th dynasties d. What (or who) was Ur-Nammu (also referred to as Shulgi)? a. Old Kingdom b. e.

Code of Katcheturian e. the Israelites viewed history as a relentless progression toward death d. The Code is composed of 282 apodictic-style statements whereas the covenant includes a complex mixture of Torah statements b. the Israelites saw history as outside of time and God as quite disconnected from human history c. historical prologue c. history. the transition of authority from the 18th to the 19th dynasty c. none of these 25. Which of the following descriptions is most accurate regarding differences between the Code of Hammurabi and the covenant at Sinai? a. a set of apodictic laws that were designed to establish principles of conduct for the ethnic groups conquered by the Old Babylonian empire b. several of the plagues that seem to have been most devastating for the Egyptians and were recorded for posterity b. according to the Bible. the defeat of Israelites e. the Israelites viewed history as cyclical b. Wisdom of Ptah-Hotep d. Annals of Mernepteh b. Many of the statements in the Code indicate that there was a significant degree of hierarchy within the society whereas the covenant statements have fewer references to social strata c. lists of offerings . The Code gives women equal rights in all spheres of public life whereas the covenant did not d. there are no “Annals of Merneptah” 26. The Code of Hammurabi can best be described as a. The “Annals of Merneptah” describe a. stipulations d. There is no mention of deity in the Code whereas God is central to the covenant 24.5 22. a set of casuistic laws that come from the time shortly after the Israelites left Egypt and indicate the wide-ranging influence of the Torah that Moses received at Sinai d. Which of the following is not part of the treaty form that characterizes the covenant as represented in the book of Deuteronomy? a. 282 instances of case law from the Old Babylonian period that indicate distinct strata within the social justice system c. preamble b. the bestowal of divinity upon the next pharaoh after what appears to have been the death of his brother (who had been the firstborn) d. none of the above 23. Which of the following is the best description of the Hebrew Bible’s view of history? a. Code of Hammurabi c. was linear and progressing toward a goal of restoration 27. Which of the following extra-biblical texts gives the best examples of casuistic law? a.

blessings and additional sanctions d. the priests and Levites carried them wrapped in four layers of material so that they would always be hidden from sight e. blessings and curses. blessings and curses. list of witnesses c. epilogue b. provision for deposit and reading of the treaty g. What is the best definition of apodictic Torah? . none of the above 33. Which of the following elements is not characteristically a part of the Hittite suzerainty treaty form? a. blessings and curses for obedience or disobedience e. Summary of the events that led up to the treaty. Witnesses to the covenant. a historical prologue indicating the relationship between the conquered and conqueror c. the king as the theocratic head of the nation c. What three aspects of the covenant and treaty form that characterizes the extra-biblical treaties follow the presentation of the general and specific stipulations? a. the priests who ministered before the ark of the covenant d. Blessings and curses.6 e. the Temple as the “footstool” of the Lord b. half of the commandments were placed on one of the tablets and half on the other b. In the covenant form as it appears in the biblical text. provision for safe keeping and periodic reading. God presented an alternative set to replace the initial one that was broken c. they were buried at the foot of Mt. one of them was represented as belonging to God and the other to the people. what was invoked as witness to the covenant? a. The best way to understand the “two tablets of stone” on which the covenant stipulations were inscribed is that a. Sinai and the prophets returned periodically to receive new revelation from Sinai d. Poetic summary. a preamble stating the credentials of the king b. none of the above is a proper statement of the contents of those final sections 31. all of the above are 28. they were kept with the ark and read every seven years at the feast of Tabernacles c. there were really not two tablets. How were the covenant documents preserved for safe keeping and periodic public reading? a. stipulations by which the subject people were to live d. they were copied every generation by the Levites b. identity of the suzerain. none of the above 29. it is simply figurative language 30. and both were stored in the ark d. prayer for peace e. all of the above were part of the form 32. the land that belonged to the LORD e. lists of witnesses f.

atonement e. the final dedication of the Nazirite individual’s shaven head c. it reports that Sargon was put in a basket covered with tar and placed in the river shortly after his birth. Annals of Merneptah d. c. The payment of a price to retrieve lost possessions. salvation c.7 a. expiation d. breaking the Sabbath resulted in the death penalty and God had warned them as they approached Mt. According to Dr. because God had created heaven and earth in six days and rested on the seventh and because He had redeemed them from bondage in Egypt 39. What is significant about the Annals of Sargon? a. like Moses. d. Cherubini Chronicles c. what is a key distinction between theists and deists? . quite similar in tone to God’s appearance on Sinai c. enslaved people. b. was put into a basket covered with tar and placed in the river shortly after his birth? a. Propitiation is a. Which extra-biblical text describes the birth of a ruler who. Middle Assyrian Code e. Annals of Hatshepsut b. it describes the thunderous appearance of Sargon on a mountain and the subsequent giving of a treaty. it was the sign of the Sinai covenant and God promised blessing to those who kept it b. and serves as a parallel to the Sinai covenant b. sharing the same motif with the Moses narrative d. expiation d. salvation b. appeasing the wrath of God by means of blood sacrifice d. none of these 40. redemption b. none of the above 38. Sinai to consecrate themselves by keeping the Sabbath c. it was a way to show that they feared the LORD and God did call them to repentance in conjunction with the Sabbath d. redemption c. The cancellation of sin as the result of the application of blood is known as a. Which two reasons for keeping the Sabbath are given in the Decalogue itself? a. consecration 37. or firstborn sons was a. Wilson. a declaration of absolute imperatives instruction that was contingent on circumstances instructions from the priests this is another expression to signify covenant curses 34. none of the above 36. it is a text that employs the treaty form. a narrative technique whereby legal materials are presented in prose form e. it describes the battle between Sargon and Suppiluliamus in the same way that Joshua fought the Amalekites 35. the act of bringing the first fruits to the temple b. this time between a Mesopotamian power and Israel.

paradoxically. theists believe that God revealed Himself in creation while deists see no connection theists are of the persuasion that God’s revelation at Mt. summed up in the “measure for measure” formulation c. the word suggests that there is also a female consort for this ruler c. Elohim means that God has more than one Person bound in to His Being c. none of the above . human dignity was to be maintained even in the process of punishment d. not only in Exodus 12 but especially when it is read in the context of Isaiah 31:5? a. When the word “Adonai” is used. The Hebrew word translated “ark” or “basket” e. The sandal that Moses wore and which God told him to take off because he was standing on holy ground b. deists view the divine as only transcendent 41. skip over b. b. this is the equivalent of Baal from the wider culture b. this word implies that the One who holds the title is Master and owner who has the right to exercise authority 43. this word means “judge” so the implication is that Adonai is the chief Magistrate d. smear with blood which. the death penalty was mandated for every infraction of the Ten Commandments b. justice was to be balanced. d. all-powerful.8 a. What meaning does the verb translated “pass over” have. cleanses c. sovereign God over all creation b. What is a tevah? a. justice was to be impartial in that special privileges could not be afforded to either the important or the least notable members of society e all of the above should carry over 44. deists presume it is no longer relevant theists hold that God is both transcendent and immanent. Which of the following is not a principle that should be carried over from Israelite civil Torah to our understanding of civil law today? a. None of the above 45. What are the implications of the divine name Elohim? a. Elohim implies that God is the majestic. Elohim implies that God has established His covenant relationship with His people d. raise up in power e. Elohim indicates that the God of the First Testament is localized to those people living in that part of the Ancient Near East 42. The Hebrew word translated sanctuary d. protect d. what are the primary implications? a. The Hebrew word for Moses’ rod that became a snake c. c. Sinai really happened while deists would call it a myth theists understand that all of God’s revelation applies to our lives today.

it has no direct connection with only one verb which emphasizes the mystery of pronouncing and interpreting this name 47. Redemption S. enslaved people. Not all of them will be used. appeasing the wrath of God by means of blood sacrifice 6. a document that describes the defeat of Israelites in their land 10. a government under the immediate authority of God or one where God is presumed to rule through the agency of priests and ministers 2. a type of law that is a declaration of absolute imperatives 4. Theocracy D. 1. the name of a legal code from Mesopotamia dating to the third millennium BCE 8.” also known as the Tetragrammeton. To what Hebrew verb and concept is the “ineffable Name. Annals of Sargon G. Nineteenth Dynasty R. it is based on the verb meaning to be absolutely just and thus God’s justice is front and center in this name b. Hatshepsut O. Babylonians I. the work of God in which we as His people are privileged to participate d. the knowledge of God that is experiential. Thutmose III T. Eighteenth Dynasty L. the payment of a price to retrieve lost possessions. Expiation N. Code of Hammurabi J. Assyrians F. or firstborn sons 5.9 46. Hittites M. Annals of Merneptah E. cancellation of sin as the result of the application of blood 3. a legal code of primarily casuistic laws from the early second millennium BC which indicates that there was a significant degree of hierarchy within the society A. Ramses II Q. not simply abstract b. a daughter of Thutmose I. Apodictic H. a group of foreigners who ruled Egypt for about 150 years and were hated by the Egyptians 14. And Another Possible Format Please place the letter of the response that most appropriately matches the description. sharing the same motif with the Moses narrative 11. the ancient people group whose treaty forms most closely match the formal structure of the biblical covenant 13. Casuistic K. reports that an Assyrian ruler was put in a basket covered with tar and placed in the river shortly after his birth. What does da’at Elohim mean and what are the implications of that expression? a. sister and wife of Thutmose II. Hyksos P. it is derived from the verb “to be” and emphasizes God’s promise of His Presence and unfailing response to the human condition c. deeply connected? a. the love of God which transcends all boundaries 48. Ur-Nammu (Shulgi) C. Amenhotep II B. the Pharaoh of the Exodus if we hold to a late date for that event 12. it is based on the word “to praise” and elicits the response of thanksgiving and praise from God’s people d. the word of God that is unfailingly true c. and co-regent with Thutmose III during the 18th dynasty 9. Propitiation . legal formulations that are dependent on circumstances 7.

there was one uniform punishment and it was particularly severe in order to serve as a deterrent. involves obligations on both sides. The command against idolatry forbids all production of artistic representation. 17. 16. 5. Moses. 3. 1. 6. The sixth “word” expressly forbids murder. The Hurrian Code of Hammurabi has been beneficial in providing background for our understanding of the form of the covenant made at Sinai. A covenant is an arrangement between two parties that establishes a relationship. Torah means instruction and is the aspect of the covenant that indicates how the people of God are to act in order to be pleasing to their Sovereign. and inscribed the ten words on two tablets of stone to be deposited with the manna in the ark. providing for them. 7. 13. 12. 20. The Ur-Nammu code was found in Egypt and helps us understand the legal background for the Sinai covenant because its form is very much like that of Exodus 21-23. When someone was caught stealing. the severity of the punishment depended on the nature of the material stolen. if a statement is true as stated. and remains applicable across cultures. The Torah has nothing to say about such contemporary concerns as wages. At the ceremony of ratification. A purpose of the Torah is to lead to Christ because it demonstrates how impossible it is for sinful humankind to reach reconciliation with the Holy God. 22. Aaron and his sons. . The statement of the “ten words” begins with a commandment. Jethro. The repetition of the instructions to build the tabernacle may be indicative of God’s intent to forgive the people their terrible sin of idolatry with the golden calf and dwell in their midst. read the terms of the covenant to the gathered people. 14. Civil/social torah fundamentally addresses matters of the heart. Significant purposes that underlie the giving of Torah are the demonstration of God’s holiness and human sinfulness. Be careful here. and inheritance. 10. 21. Torah refers to an arrangement between two parties that establishes a relationship and involves both obligations and sanctions. The command to honor parents has to do with. 8. don’t mark it false because it leaves something out you think ought to be there. When the sixth and eighth commandments are broken. The Hebrew term for God’s unfailing. When someone was caught stealing. among other things. Ritual/ceremonial Torah directs attention to God and indicates which parts of life are within the sphere of sacredness and which are outside. and the elders of Israel ate sacrificial animals in the presence of the Lord. 9.10 Issues Related to Torah Please indicate whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). Ethical torah is found only in the Ten Commandments. 15. 18. and establishes sanctions. Laws which are casuistic are those which are absolute moral imperatives and are found only in the Ten Commandments. debt. 2. the consequences are dealt with in the civil court system. 11. mind and will. 4. covenant love is hesed. 19.

providing an adumbration of the incarnation when the Word of God became flesh and dwelt with humankind. prayer and fasting to demonstrate dependence on God. The instructions in Torah regarding going to war emphasized the need for honest judges to lead the people. and canceling debts at the end of seven years. . 40. 34. The Israelite justice system provided for the equivalent of a court of appeals which consisted of the king who was supposed to know the torah and apply it to those who came to him for justice. 29. 35. 27. provisions for raising an army from every social class. and orphans. 38. Divorce was not allowed in Israelite society because it was symbolic of the broken covenant between God and His people. 37. Being hung on a tree symbolized being under the curse of God and is applied to Jesus’ death by Paul in the book of Galatians. Polygamy was not allowed under the Sinai covenant because it violated the picture of God’s unique relationship with His people. and procedures for surrender if the enemy was too strong. options for those who had good reason for returning home rather than being combat troops. The “measure-for-measure” principle is stated in the Ten Commandments because it is intended to be transculturally applicable Israelite law established judges in six significant cities and all cases had to be taken to those locations. 41. 30. Among the ways for dealing with poverty in the Israelite system we find the provision of the third year tithe for aliens. 32. widows. The Hebrew words for sanctuary and tabernacle indicate the facts that this structure was to be a representation that God dwelt in the midst of His people but at the same time was set apart as their Holy God. and just provisions for prisoners of war. 39. In between the Most Holy Place and the Holy Place in the Tabernacle was a stone wall with the Ten Commandments engraved on it. 33. The cities of refuge were set apart for those who were accused of unintentional killing and had to flee from those who might seek their death as an act of vengeance. Torah gives instructions regarding going to war which include the prominent role of the king. In between the Most Holy Place and the Holy Place in the Tabernacle was a curtain with cherubim embroidered on it. 31. Every year a tithe was collected from among the Israelites who were landowners in order to provide for widows and orphans living in their midst. The measure-for-measure principle was designed to promote balance in the execution of justice rather than retaliatory revenge. The Hebrew words for sanctuary and tabernacle indicate the facts that this structure was to be a representation that God dwelt in unapproachable light and only the priests could appeal to Him. 26. 25. 36. the opportunity for marginalized people to glean in the fields. Access to the Most Holy Place was limited to Moses who was the only person to speak face to face with God. The structure and design of the tabernacle demonstrated God’s holiness and perfect beauty dwelling in the midst of the Hebrew people and yet separated from them. Torah gives instructions regarding going to war which include the prominent role of the high priest.11 23. 24. and procedures for negotiation. 28.

and giving an occasion to demonstrate obedience. Among the purposes of festival observance were providing opportunities for corporate worship.12 42. The central feature of the worship procedure in the Israelite system was the sacrifice because the shed blood of the animal represented the life that would symbolically take the place of the sinner whose life was forfeit before God. 59. The high priest and his brothers all wore an ephod and a breast piece. 57. pain and bloodshed involved in the substitution of an animal’s life in place of the sinner. There was no practical difference between the sin and guilt offerings. In the Holy Place of the Tabernacle was the ark overshadowed by the cherubim. and the vow was binding. Circumcision was the sign of the Sinai covenant. 49. 47. in the Most Holy Place of the Tabernacle was the incense altar. 45. one of which was sacrificed for the Lord and the other which was sent “to Azazel. Nadab and Abihu were killed because they went into the sancuary with their censers and offered strange fire that was not according to the command of the Lord. The Day of Atonement involved two goats. they were simply two different procedures. The lamp stand and the table for the bread were both in the Holy Place. 56. 50. and Tabernacles. Restrictions placed on the priests included the obligation to marry virgins and to be unblemished if they were actively serving in the tabernacle. and each one bore stones representing the people of Israel as he “brought” them into the presence of God in the Most Holy Place. The purpose of the fellowship or peace offering was to atone for sin in general. symbolizing the unquenchable Light and the Bread of the Presence. Every offering had to involve the killing of a live animal. Nadab and Abihu were killed because they took Aaron’s high priestly robes and wore them into the Holy of Holies.” Both men and women could make vows. 44. reminding the people of God’s activities on their behalf. The priests were not allowed to marry because their lives were to demonstrate purity. According to Exodus. 66. 53. 65. 62. 64. 51. The three main festivals were Passover and Unleavened Bread. Feast of Weeks. The ark and the table for the bread were both in the Most Holy Place to indicate that the Living Bread always was in the presence of God Himself as symbolized with the ark. The sabbath was the sign of the Sinai covenant. 61. 52. The red heifer ceremony was instituted to provide atonement for deliberate sins. 63. Aaron mourned for a week and then appointed Eliezer and Ithamar in their places. After Nadab and Abihu died before the Lord for offering “strange fire” which was contrary to the Lord’s command. 43. 46. The approach to God in the sacrificial system of the Israelites joined two paradoxical elements. The Urim and Thummim were the names of the two scapegoats. 60. 54. 58. there were no distinctions between genders regarding these issues. 55. 48. The table and lampstand were in the courtyard of the tabernacle symbolizing the accessibility of the Living Bread and the Spirit to all worshipers. . The Urim and Thummim were in the breastpiece of the high priest and were the means of determining God’s will. the beauty of the sanctuary and priestly clothing and the horrifying slaughter.

71. 83. As we read of the altar for incense.” the high priest confessed the sins of the people. the people would build booths and stay there for eight days eating only unleavened bread. 81. we are reminded that in the New Testament incense symbolized mystery and darkness. 68. 86. this let the people outside know he was still alive. The statements of Torah in Exodus and Leviticus interweave both apodictic and casuistic Torah as well as moral. The person who took a Nazirite vow was to abstain from anything associated with grapes. he put his hands on its head indicative of his identifying with it and also symbolically transferring his sin to it. 88. When a person brought a sacrificial animal. The ephod of the high priest had bells around the edges in order to ring when he moved into the sanctuary. On the Day of Atonement. and celebrate in God’s presence. Israelite law established judges in six significant cities and all cases had to be taken to those locations. The purpose of the whole burnt offering was to atone for sin in general. There was no offering in the whole array of them that atoned for deliberate sins. 70. Multiple Choice Format . we are reminded that in the New Testament incense symbolized the prayers of the saints. 80. 75. 74.13 67. and not come in contact with death so as to be separated and holy to the LORD. and ritual/ceremonial stipulations. The water of purification. Tithing provided an opportunity to go to Jerusalem and celebrate in God’s presence. was used when a woman was unclean after childbirth. People who lived a significant distance from the “place the Lord would choose” (Jerusalem) were to exchange their tithed material for money. 84. 85. The observance of the Passover in the second month instead of the first was instituted for women who might be unclean due to childbirth during the festival. 78. 72. The feast of Weeks (also called Harvest) came to be known as Pentecost. atonement in that case had to wait for the person to die. The second Passover was established to provide a way for women and children to celebrate the Passover since they could not do so with the Israelite men. The ephod of the high priest had sleeves that were deep red symbolizing the shed blood of the sacrifices that he carried into the Most Holy Place. the people were called to “afflict themselves. During the feast of Tabernacles. The Jubilee happened every seven years. Among the duties of the priests were teaching Torah and offering sacrifices. As we read of the altar for incense. 82. The Jubilee was a special time celebrated every seven years when the people commemorated the giving of the Torah. thus indicating the humanitarian concerns in the Torah. civil. 73. 76. and one goat was offered to the Lord while another was sent into the wilderness. purchase whatever their hearts desired. thus demonstrating a concern for gender differences. keep his or her hair uncut. 79. The cities of refuge were established to deal with runaway slaves who did not want to return to harsh masters. 87. made in conjunction with the red heifer’s ashes. The initial ordination of the priests and the Tabernacle took place on the Day of Atonement. 89. 77. go to Jerusalem. 69.

to be a “bridge” to the Incarnation in that God dwelled in the midst of His people and Jesus came to “tent” among human beings b. all of the above are purposes 4. Indicate the way to earn righteousness d. none of the above 5. Demonstrate the holiness of God b. in Israel. Israel did not have an extensive prison system d. placing hands on the head of the sacrificial animal was a sign of blessing and thanksgiving c.14 1. it forbids all forms of deception which is the root of all human evil c. sprinkling the blood around the altar was a specific attack on pagan deities d. Be a shadow of the good things to come e. Israel’s society was primarily agriculturally based c. none of the above 3. The significance of the second step in the sacrificial procedure was that a. slaughtering the animal and shedding the blood represented covering the sins of the people b. it forbids adultery which Jesus applied even to the way we look at others e. it was a prefiguring of the heavenly dwelling of God d. it addresses the issue of murder which Jesus expanded to include hatred and evil speech against others d. Israel was intended to be a theocracy b. All of the above are purposes of Torah 2. it addresses the importance of the heart attitude in respect to life in God’s presence and with our neighbors b. Reveal the depths of human sinfulness c. Which of the following was not among the stated purposes of the Sanctuary? a. Which of the Ten Words did not have the death penalty associated with at least some form of infraction of it/them? . How is the 10th commandment a preparation for Jesus’s Sermon on the Mount? a. Which of the following was not presented as a purpose of Torah? a. not everyone had “equal rights” 6. Israel lacked concern for human dignity as evidenced in physical punishments that were meted out e. placing hands on the head of the sacrifice represented the symbolic identification with and transfer of sin to the animal e. it presented the mystical aspects of the Divine Being because it was shrouded with seven layers of material e. to indicate that God both lived with the Israelite community but was separated from them in holiness c. Which of the following is not a true statement as we explore the significant differences between Israelite and 21st century western cultures with regard to civil/social torah? a.

The priest was to play a prominent role. because they lived in the hill country. those Israelites who were tempted to charge interest were exhorted to trust the Lord for His provision instead d. The priests marched first as these were holy wars and each tribe was to offer a sacrifice on behalf of the cities that were conquered. justice was to be impartial in that special privileges could not be afforded to either the important or the least notable members of society e. human dignity was to be maintained even in the process of punishment d. . foreigners were accused of giving extreme amounts of money to pagan temples and charging them was intended to stop that c. Property owners were allowed to go home after one year of service. Which of the following statements best characterizes the instructions to the people regarding going to war? a. Theft Murder Coveting b. c. and they were to engage first in negotiation with the enemy prior to engaging in war. Israelites.15 a. the death penalty was mandated for every infraction of the Ten Commandments b. newly married men and those who had recently acquired property were allowed to go home. the prophets were the prominent spokespersons in leading all Israel. c. The king was to be their leader. False testimony a. Which of the following was not among the commands for the king (as described in Deuteronomy 17)? a. justice was to be balanced. e. and e 7. d. Adultery d. tribal leaders were accountable for the actions of their people. summed up in the “measure for measure” formulation c. What was a suggested reason for distinguishing between Israelites and foreigners with regard to charging interest? a. the king did not lead them into battle lest he lose his life. and all negotiations were conducted through intermediaries. b. the king was not to amass for himself silver and gold b. those who were fearful were exempt. all of the above should carry over 8. the king was not to gather a large number of wives for himself d. the king was to enlist the help of prophets and priests to prepare the people for going to war 9. Which of the following is not a principle that should be carried over from Israelite civil Torah to our understanding of civil law today? a. those foreigners with whom Israelites would come in contact in business dealings were likely traveling merchants and this was a way of holding them accountable. 10. and they were not to take any prisoners of war. the king was to make for himself a copy of the Torah and study it c. were more impoverished and could not pay interest b. d. priests could serve in the army only if they were unblemished. f.

there was no recourse 13. Which of the following was not among the instructions for going to war in Deuteronomy 20? a. If someone had unintentionally killed another individual. the judges were to consult Levites in one of the cities of refuge d. It addresses those aspects of the Torah that we find challenging because they do not seem to be entirely appropriate in light of the ethical teachings in the New Testament and suggests that all are pointers to the ideal that will be realized only in the final perfect state d. It deals with the aspects of ritual Torah that point ahead to the redemption provided by Jesus and allows us to see in each part of the sacrifice something that Jesus has fulfilled b. What does the “redemptive movement hermeneutic” address and how does it work? a. that person had to cling to the horns of the altar as a refuge b. It addresses the faulty reasoning that separates the Old Testament moral Torah from the teachings of Jesus and suggests that because Jesus reaffirmed the moral Torah we do so as well c. life for life c. It indicates that the Torah in the Old Testament is obsolete in every respect because true redemption is accomplished through Christ 14. none of the above is an accurate representation 15. all of the above are among the instructions in Deuteronomy 20 How were “court cases” decided that were too difficult for the locally appointed judges? a. after that they could do nothing . had built a new home or planted a vineyard. that individual paid for his crime. they were to bring the matter to the priests who ministered before the Lord in order to obtain a just decision via the Urim and Thummim c. The owners of oxen that had gored innocent victims had to commit themselves to the city of refuge or face the death penalty d. If someone had lost property due to theft or negligence. they were to wait until the seventh year and then reappear before the judges b. or was pledged to be married were exempt from going to war c. the priest was to exhort them not to be fearful because God was with them b. the family members of the individual who was killed were given three months to find the guilty party and take revenge. Which of the following best articulates the purpose of the cities of refuge? a. demonstrating their trust in God who would win the battle for them e.16 11. What was to happen to a person who accidentally killed another individual and was guilty of manslaughter? a. those who were fearful. 12. the city of refuge provided a safe haven for that individual against vengeance taken by the slain person’s relatives b. he could appeal to the priest in the city of refuge for some of the third year tithe in order to keep from being entirely poverty-stricken c. they were to make an offer of peace before attacking a city d. they were to march around the city seven times.

the lamp stand c. the table for the Bread of the Presence. Which of the following was not a purpose of the sanctuary? . What adumbrations might we see in the objects that were in the Holy Place of the Tabernacle? a. the king was to provide for them out of his own personal wealth as well as the treasury in the temple b. they were beneficiaries of the gathering in of the third year tithe. debts were canceled at the end of seven years. the table for showbread d. orphans and aliens were allowed to glean in fields. the altar e. the ark of the covenant b. the ark of the covenant and the altar suggest the ultimate shedding of blood b. of providing for marginalized members of society? a. they all were there 21. the lamp stand and the basin for washing d. the ephod and breastpiece b. widows. the rich blue robe and its bells and pomegranates d. the guilty person could flee to a city of refuge and had to remain there until the death of the high priest 16. the large. Levites c. the altar for sacrifices and the wash basin c. sons of Aaron b. none of the above 19. Which group was specifically responsible for offering sacrifices? a.17 d. the lamp stand. the lamp stand and bread of the Presence suggest the Spirit and the Living Bread c. members of the tribe of Judah d. Which of the following best describes the God’s ways. sons of Korah e. the incense suggests the costly provision by the King 17. the table for the Bread of the Presence and the ark 22. Which pieces of Tabernacle “furniture” were not located inside the actual Tent itself? a. as articulated in Torah. the altar for sacrifices and the basin indicate cleansing by blood and water d. they were not allowed to own slaves thus keeping all members of society equal with equal access to goods and services d. the white linen underclothes c. and slaves were set free so as to prevent the presence of a permanent underclass 18. the rod 20. and the incense altar b. extended family was to provide for those of its members who were widows and orphans and the tribe of Levites was commissioned to care for the aliens c. Which piece(s) of the high priest’s attire explicitly demonstrated that he was bearing the Israelites into the presence of the Lord? a. Which piece(s) of “furniture” was/were located in the Most Holy Place of the Tabernacle? a.

Unleavened Bread. None of the above 24. The final day of fasting after the feast of tabernacles c. Eliezer and Phineas b. Weeks e. What were the Urim and Thummim? a. Who were the sons of Aaron who entered the sanctuary contrary to the command of the Lord and lost their lives as a result? a. How was the high priest expected to make decisions in the presence of the LORD? a. Trumpets. Passover. supplementary names to designate the manna and quail e. The observance of second passover b. Atonement. Tabernacles b. he fasted in the Holy of Holies before the Day of Atonement and received God’s answers .18 a. uncut hair e. Weeks d. markings on the individual’s body that set him or her apart c. Levi and Mathias c. Weeks. Weeks c. None of the above 25. it was to indicate what heaven itself was like all of the above were purposes 23. Passover. John 1:14) it was to serve as a reminder of all the wealth they took out of Egypt in some tangible. b. What was the most observable sign of the Nazirite vow? a. the names of Moses’ and Aaron’s rods d. Which ritual practice had as its sign the uncut hair of the individual? a. Gershom and Elnathan e. albeit very limited way. fasting every other day b. Nadab and Abihu d. Which were the three pilgrim festivals when Israelites were called to congregate in the place that God would choose? a. d. The high priest’s preparations for the Day of Atonement d. The Jubilee e. Passover. the names of the two scapegoats b. it was to be representative of God’s presence in their midst but at the same time set apart it served as a preparation for the Incarnation when God’s presence indeed dwelled among humans (cf. drinking only grape juice as opposed to fermented drink d. the means of decision-making that were placed inside the breastpiece worn by the high priest c. none of the above 28. e. none of the above 26. Passover. none of the above 27. c.

19 b. the vows of women had to be taken twice. priests were to offer the sacrifices. Levites had to stay outside the tabernacle c. none of the above 32. serving as educational tools c. women were not allowed to take vows b. To provide a way for women and children to celebrate the Passover since they could not do so with the Israelite men b. meeting the community’s need for corporate worship occasions b. when the trumpets sounded. the Levites could not touch any of these sacred objects d. Levites obviously were not b. the people were commanded to bring the firstfruits of the harvest and offer them as a sacrifice to the Lord b. It provided for those who were unclean or absent in the first month d. It was for priests who had to practice the details of sacrificial procedure 31. Unleavened Bread d. the Urim and Thummim. priests were from the tribe of Judah. e. c. providing an occasion for demonstrating obedience to the LORD 33. What was the main difference between priests and Levites? a. Levites could not do so 30. priests were to teach the Torah and minister in song. they were called to “afflict themselves” on that day. Tabernacles b. Which of the pilgrim festivals occurred in the fall shortly after the Day of Atonement? a. the vows of men only once . were placed inside the breastpiece worn by the high priest he came to Eldad and Medad who had received a manifestation of the Holy Spirit Bezalel and Oholiab were designated as the legal experts none of the above 29. the high priest confessed the sins of the people. d. they were to read the Torah in public and spend the day in confession of sin and renewal of vows d. priests were to carry the tabernacle and its furnishings when the Israelites were moving. Which of the following was not among the purposes of the festivals? a. Passover c. It allowed foreigners to join the celebration c. they were all to sacrifice the firstborn from their flocks e. and one goat was offered to the Lord while another was sent into the wilderness c. How did the vows of women and men differ? a. Why was the second Passover established? a. keeping the calendar uniform in a society that was so divided d. the means of decision-making. What characterized the Day of Atonement? a. none of the above 34. Weeks e.

symbolic of removing sin e. honor specifically means to pray for them . What was the symbolic role of the cherubim embroidered on the curtain between the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place? a. Sinai with trumpets. and the words of the covenant b. the vows of women could be annulled by fathers or husbands. cherubim c. their wings covered the ark. lightning. the vows of men had to stand actually. restitution means to inquire of the Lord and it refers to the priests who came into God’s presence to inquire about His will e. restitution means to pay back and it refers to the process of setting things right by means of paying back what was stolen or damaged d. what interpretation can help us with the challenge that some face to the effect that their parents are sadly dishonorable? a. the word translated “honor” has as part of its meaning “make provision for” and that is something each person ought to do. d. What appeared both on the curtain in between the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place and over the ark of the covenant? a. none of the above 39. it prepared the high priest to enter the Holy of Holies on the Day of Atonement e. In regard to the commandment to honor parents. there was no difference 35. none of the above 38. images of Mt. it provided cleansing after childbirth b. it provided cleansing from the pollution of coming in contact with a dead body d. What was the meaning and purpose of restitution? a. they offered incense to the Lord. this commandment comes from an entirely different cultural context and so we can overlook it if it does not fit our particular circumstances b. What was the purpose of the water of purification made with the ashes of the red heifer? a. restitution means to cover and it refers to covering the sins of the people with blood sacrifice b. loaves and fishes e. especially in their parents’ old age c. symbolic of sin c. it was sprinkled on the altar after the Day of Atonement every year to cleanse the altar from the stains of blood. they were symbolic guardians of the presence of the Lord c. none of the above 36. none of the above 37. symbolic of prayers d. seraphim d.20 c. restitution means to refine and it addresses the purifying process involved in burning up the sacrifice c. they were viewed as leading the Israelites in praising the Lord b.

purchase whatever their hearts desired. none of the above 41. all of the sacrificial animals were offered in succession indicating that the whole creation was given over to God c. neglected. it was not allowed in Israelite society because it was symbolic of the broken covenant between God and His people b. none of the above 43. they only had to tithe every third year d. it signaled to the people that the land was God’s and they were His tenants d. they were to read the Torah to the people who had gathered for the festival and all present affirmed their allegiance to the LORD 44. guilt offering d. and celebrate in God’s presence e. it symbolized God’s forgiveness by the removal of sin via the goat for Azazel b. we simply have to forget the aspects of our background and hold them in high esteem 40. the two persons could not remarry d. Which of the following were not among the purposes of the Jubilee? a. allowed the land to rest an extra year. sin offering c. the people were dramatically reminded of God’s ownership as they returned to family property. go to Jerusalem. grain offering . people were not to sow or harvest but let the land rest c. or the husband had taken another wife e. it was a special time celebrated every seven years when they commemorated the giving of Torah e. priests were the only ones who could not divorce c. it was a time for returning to family property b. none of the above 42. they were to send one family representative to purchase sacrificial animals in Jerusalem on their behalf c.21 d. Eucharist)? a. they were to exchange their tithed material for money. whole burnt offering b. What does the Torah say about divorce? a. Which of the sacrifices is echoed in the church’s celebration of communion (Last Supper. it was allowed if the husband found something “indecent” about his wife but once divorced. What was the primary emphasis of the Jubilee? a. it was allowed if the wife was being abused. they were to turn their tithes in to the Levites in the nearest town b. fellowship offering e. and set slaves free d. What were people who lived a significant distance from “the place the Lord would choose” (Jerusalem) to do with regard to the tithes? a.

How were the covenant documents preserved for safe keeping and periodic public reading? a.22 45. they joined Moses’ mother in teaching him about his Israelite heritage b. making idols and bowing down to them destroyed the very foundation of loyalty to the God of the covenant. they were Israelite taskmasters who made life particularly difficult for the Israelites by depriving them of straw for their brick-making. Who were Shiphrah and Puah and what did they do? a. God would be angry and that meant He would revoke the covenant. Sinai to consecrate themselves by keeping the Sabbath c. none of the above 47. they were copied every generation by the Levites b. they had to marry virgins e. . they could not engage in normal mourning practices b. they were the priests in Egypt from whose family Moses and Aaron learned the court procedures d. they were midwives who preserved the lives of Hebrew baby boys instead of following Pharaoh’s orders to kill the infants c. they could not drink wine while officiating c. Sinai and the prophets returned periodically to receive new revelation from Sinai d. the priests and Levites carried them wrapped in four layers of material so that they would always be hidden from sight e. Ezekiel even likened them to excrement b. they were buried at the foot of Mt. breaking the Sabbath resulted in the death penalty and God had warned them as they approached Mt. they feared that any representations of any part of God’s creation would elevate the artisan above God Significant Events and Persons 1. they knew that the idols the people worshiped would not make them successful and they attempted to re-educate the people c. Which two reasons for keeping the Sabbath are given in the Decalogue itself? a. Which of the following was not among the restrictions for priests to maintain and demonstrate that they were set apart? a. because God had created heaven and earth in six days and rested on the seventh and because He had redeemed them from bondage in Egypt 48. all of the above were among the restrictions 46. they were kept with the ark and read every seven years at the feast of Tabernacles c. Why did the prophets Jeremiah and Ezekiel attack the sin of idolatry with utterly scathing condemnations? a. it was a way to show that they feared the LORD and God did call them to repentance in conjunction with the Sabbath d. it was the sign of the Sinai covenant and God promised blessing to those who kept it b. they had to distinguish between holy and profane and have no physical defects d. a truly fearful prospect d.

in the Egyptian culture. he would know all of the proverbial instruction that was so important for all ancient near eastern leaders to have mastered. he would be familiar with court procedures. tevah is also the word used when Noah constructed the ark and. indicated to Moses this was existentially the same God as the Midianites and Egyptians worshiped . the tevah was a small. Pharaoh’s daughter was sympathetic to the Israelites and arranged for his instruction by a priest who was familiar with the God of Israel b. How did God respond? a. he would be prepared to fight with the most recently developed three-person chariot c. the tevah symbolized eternal life and. Why is it significant that Moses’ mother put him into a tevah as she cast him into the Nile? a. were able to instruct him c. God said His Name (Elohim) meant His everlasting superiority over Ra. Moses’s sister asked Pharaoh’s daughter if she wanted to have a Hebrew nurse for the little boy in the ark and it just happened to be Moses’ mother d. 4.23 e. he would be skilled in magic as all the court priests engaged in the occult b. Shiphrah and Puah. none of the above 6. God told Moses that His Name was El Shaddai (God Almighty) and He would perform mighty miracles on behalf of His people b. How did it happen that Moses learned in his earliest years of his Hebrew heritage? a. two Hebrew women working in the court of Pharaoh. and treaty form and content d. sandal-shaped basket that would float more easily than the normal reed structure b. the word tevah is not significant but is a commonly used word for little boat 3.” indicating His eternal self-existence for His people d. One of Moses’ objections when God called him to lead the people out of Egypt was to express his concern that the Israelites would ask who this God was. the sun god of Egypt e. intentionally hid the meaning of the Name from those who did not believe in order to harden their hearts c. indicated that God is eternally self-existent and everlastingly faithful to His covenant b. diplomacy. none of the above 2. He did not learn of his heritage until his dramatic encounter with God at Sinai 5. important people were preserved through the dangerous waters d. God gave Moses two signs to perform in their presence that would demonstrate God’s power and He also promised a third c. God’s declaration of His Name to Moses a. although Moses’ mother expected him to perish. God said to Moses “I will be who I will be” or “I am that I am. Why was it significant that in God’s providence Moses was educated in all the wisdom of Egypt’s court? a. she believed that he would subsequently inherit eternal life c. in both cases.

in the New Testament (Romans 9) Paul changes the emphasis to Pharaoh’s own responsibility c. Miriam C. Joshua D. Who was appointed as the person who would speak for Moses when they went into the court of Pharaoh? A. none of the above 9. frogs were associated with fertility and this was essential in the Egyptian worldview d. She consulted with Aaron because he was the priest and knew how to address ritual issues to appease the wrath of God c. none of the above 12. that struck at the heart of Egyptian religion . the Nile was supposedly the life-blood of the god Osiris and represented the source of agricultural life c. expressed the essence of the Trinity e. the sun was one of the primary deities of Egypt and when it was darkened. What did Moses’s wife do when the LORD confronted him on the way back to Egypt and threatened to kill him? a. None of the above 10. the sun was one of the primary deities of Egypt and when it was darkened. indicated that God is eternally self-existent and everlastingly faithful to His covenant d.24 d. cattle were a significant source of food so their wholesale death meant famine in the land e. Pharaoh had enslaved an entire people. this is an example of the God of the Old Testament being harsh. implied that God is utterly transcendent and does not interact in relationship b. expressed the essence of the Trinity none of the above 7. She circumcised her son d. that struck at the heart of Egyptian religion b. Why was the object of the first plague particularly significant? a. it actually never says God intended to harden Pharaoh’s heart. Jethro B. was a rebuke to Moses for not believing in God’s intention to rescue His people c. She left him immediately and did not return until her father brought her back b. She accused Moses of having blood on his hands when he killed the Egyptian e. that is an interpretation that rests on faulty reading of the Hebrew d. None of the above 8. God’s declaration of His Name to Moses a. making them “subhuman” as he considered himself a god. None of the above 11. Why was the object of the second plague particularly significant? a. e. Zipporah E. What was suggested in class regarding the stated intent of God to harden Pharaoh’s heart? a. this was God’s measure-for-measure response to Pharaoh b.

eat unleavened bread for seven days b. the Israelites were instructed to a. to demonstrate to Pharaoh and Egypt who God was b. d. the bitter herbs that symbolized the bitterness of sin c. just about eight months from Passover in April until the feast of Tabernacles d. celebrating for seven days by eating bread made without yeast 17. extended periods of silence to commemorate the approach of the destroying angel d. There were non-Israelites who accompanied them d. All of the above did characterize them . that is the total b. They were carrying the bones of Joseph in order to fulfill the oath he made their ancestors swear e. e. which of the following did not characterize them? a. In preparation for the tenth plague. Which of the following is not specified in the biblical text as a purpose for the plagues? a. When the Israelites left Egypt. one month because when we add together the time indicators mentioned in the narrative. slaughter a year old lamb and put the blood on the door posts and lintels of their homes d. Approximately how long did the plagues against Egypt last and how do we know that? a. the Nile was supposedly the life-blood of the god Osiris and represented the source of agricultural life frogs were associated with fertility and this was essential in the Egyptian worldview cattle were a significant source of food so their wholesale death meant famine in the land none of the above 13. to proclaim to the wider world the greatness of the Lord c. The instructions for the Passover observed in Egypt focused primarily on the blood of the Passover lamb while the instructions for the annual celebration for years to come gave prominence of place to a. keeping a lamb from the tenth of the month until the 14th day b. one year because it is parallel to their Sinai experience which lasted a year c. They left with a good deal of wealth and they “plundered” or “delivered” the Egyptians c. to challenge the multiplicity of Egyptian deities e. hide their cattle.25 b. They had been in Egypt 430 years b. all of the above were purposes 15. bring in their sheaves. and fast for three days c. c. to exalt Moses and his family and give credibility to the Levites d. pray for the deliverance of the Egyptians e all of the above 16. just about nine months since the Nile floods mid-summer and the final plague was at the time of Passover 14.

poisonous serpents d. what happened? a. the bones of Joseph were buried as he had requested b. when He broke the bread and said it was His Body 22. d. the Israelites were instructed for the first time to offer grace for meals. a particularly important lesson for former slaves d. when Jesus taught that his followers should observe the Sabbath out of love for Him. When God provided manna in the wilderness. Jesus’ declaration that He is the Bread of Life. the people were to share equal portions so that no one went hungry b. Immediately after the dramatic crossing of the sea. having come down from heaven Jesus’ admonition that His disciples keep the Sabbath The kings’ mandate to keep the Bread of the Presence always in the Temple The high priest’s appropriation of the unleavened bread of Passover none of the above a. c. lack of drinkable water c. what important lesson accompanied that provision? a. the people felt that they were starving and complained c. when they complained about the manna. attack from enemies b. The manna that God gave in the wilderness was an adumbration of a. In what context did Jesus refer to the “bread from heaven” narrative? a. Which of the following was not one of the initial wilderness tests on the way from Egypt to Sinai? a. Amalekites attacked them f. b. all of the above were among the initial wilderness tests 20.26 18. they again found no water and rose up against Moses d. tempt them to appeal to a sun or rain god for provision e. an earthquake 21. at that last Supper. the people encountered bitter water b. the people were attacked by the Amalekites c. threat of starvation e. none of the above 22. Moses and the people sang a song extolling the victory of God over Pharaoh and looking ahead to His bringing them into the Promised Land d. God sent serpents e. he said “I am the Bread of life” when he gave the Sermon on the Mount b. he alluded to this incident d. . he declared that He was the Bread come down from heaven c. God commanded them to rest from gathering manna on the seventh day. his challengers asked for another sign and in that context. they ran out of food and the people decided to elect Aaron as leader 19. after going from place to place. establishing a practice that continues today c. The first crisis for the people after the crossing of the Sea of Reeds had to do with a. in the future. after Jesus fed the 5000. they were not to make idols of anything that might.

Sinai and that meant loss of life due to starvation. Where was Moses when Aaron constructed the golden calf? a. Who led the Israelites in battle against the Amalekites while Moses remained on top of a hill nearby with the rod of God uplifted in his hands and who helped Moses keep his arms up when he got tired? A. Aaron and Hur held up his arms with the rod of God b. Why did God declare that the memory of the Amalekites should be erased? a. b. Caleb fought with the leader of the Amalekites and overcame him e. Joshua / Aaron and Hur C. Joshua / Miriam and Zipporah 24. indicating that God intended to forgive and indeed dwell in the midst of the people b. the entire description is repeated. he was taking a sabbatical rest after his long and arduous labors . that is followed by description of each sacrifice in succession. starting with chapter 25 of Exodus. each of the Ten Commandments is expanded in order to indicate that particular circumstances in which these commandments had to be enforced 27. Who helped Moses in the battle against the Amalekites? a. What is the best summary of the theological implications of the textual arrangement in the latter part of the book of Exodus? a. It was from the Amalekites that Pharaoh had received assistance and he oppressed the Israelites. he was serving as go-between for Jethro and the Midianites as they were drawn into the covenant community b. a series of casuistic laws indicate that the presence of the Tabernacle would be contingent on the consistent obedience of the people to God’s moral and ritual Torah c. Aminadab / Joshua and Caleb B. first the holiness of God is emphasized. he was on the mountain for 40 days receiving the instructions regarding the tabernacle and the priesthood itself d. in fact. they struck the weak and vulnerable among them and that was reprehensible to the God. Aaron / Phineas and Hophni D. When the Amalekites attacked the Israelites as they came out of Egypt. Miriam had the women in the camp prophesying and praying d. in spite of the terrible sin of idolatry with the golden calf. none of the above 26. They had sent Israel false information on the route to Mt. following the statement of the covenant ratification. It was. a process that involved their separation and cleansing c. not true that their memory was to be erased because they were descendants of Abraham too. from those that were part of the ordination procedure to those that were to be brought by the marginalized persons in the community d. he was preparing the people of God to receive the covenant. d. 25. following the Ten Commandments. Joshua stood beside him to intercede with prayer and fasting c.27 23. the place where God would meet with His people is described and. c.

none of the above 28. he tried to stop him but could not e. Miriam and Aaron affirmed Joshua’s leadership. he said that an emissary came from Egypt with the news that calf worship was now obligatory in all territories held by Egypt c. none of the above 29. as priest. What did Aaron tell Moses when the latter descended from the mountain to find the people engaged in wild revelry around the golden calf? a. would lead them back to safety b. none of the above 30.28 e. he said that the people pressured him. Which is the best summary of those accomplishments? a. covenant made b. she joined Aaron in declaring that the golden calf was an appropriate object of worship in Moses’ absence c. she neglected to include the line that declared that God is King forever and ever e. the calf. a number of significant things had been accomplished. she stepped over the boundary that had been set at Mt Sinai to prevent the people from coming too close to the mountain when God revealed the Torah b. census taken 31. saying “this is your God who brought you up out of Egypt” encouraged them to worship it in gratitude for their deliverance e. decision-making delegated. none of the above 32. line of prophets established from Aaron. worship established. battles won against major enemies d. spies returned with a good report. the symbol of strong Egyptian might and power. he said that the descendants of Reuben had threatened to take over the priesthood if he did not make the calf d. Why was the declaration about the identity of the golden calf particularly insidious? a. What were the circumstances that led to Miriam’s getting leprosy for brief time? a. declaring that God had also spoken through them? . By the time the Israelites left the mountain of God. the Israelites should express their gratitude to this universal form representing power and might d. the calf was one of the angelic creatures who guarded them as they left Egypt which made the people think it was acceptable c. organized as a people. Korah next in line for priesthood. she apparently led the way when she and Aaron accused Moses of marrying a Cushite wife and keeping all the glory of interaction with God to himself d. when she taught the women the Song at the Sea. he threw the gold into the fire and the calf just sort of came out on its own b. king put in place. Moses’ successor named c. Which of the following did not happen when Miriam and Aaron opposed Moses. he said that it was Joshua who had led the people astray and.

a man named Korah led them in a rebellion against Moses and Aaron b. the people were so enthusiastic about going up and taking the land of Canaan that they neglected to consult the priests as to how to go about doing it and ended up traveling the wrong direction and getting lost c. Mt. they gathered and ate large amounts and were struck with a plague as a result c. Nebo e. c. What happened when God sent the quail in response to the grumbling people? a. When the spies came back from exploring the land of Canaan. none of the above 35. They were two men of the tribe of Benjamin who joined in the rebellion of Korah E. d. Serpents were sent to kill them . They were two men who had remained in the camp when the elders were summoned to the Tent of Meeting but were still filled with the Spirit and began prophesying C. Moses forbade them to eat the meat because it was not kosher b.29 a. From which location were the spies sent into the land and to which the Israelites seemed to have returned and spent a good deal of their 40 years in the wilderness? a. He and his men were swallowed up in the earth b. who were leaders of tribes. they gathered sufficient in order to offer thank-offerings to the Lord d. they continued to grumble because the quail did not taste like the food they had enjoyed in Egypt e. e. what happened? a. God indicated that His relationship with Moses was special because He spoke face to face with Moses God rebuked Miriam and Aaron and afflicted both of them with leprosy Moses offered an intercessory prayer The people waited for seven days before moving on again All of the above occurred 33. b. Mt. Edom c. reported that the cities were walled and the people large and they effectively frightened the people so that they refused to go up and take the land d. Kadesh-Barnea d. They were filled with the Spirit of God and were responsible for the construction of the Tabernacle B. None of the above 34. What happened to Korah as the result of his leading a serious rebellion against Moses and Aaron and attempting to claim the priesthood for himself? a. Who were Eldad and Medad? A. Sinai b. the spies. They were the Hebrew midwives who defied Pharaoh’s orders and spared the lives of the Hebrew boys D. none of the above 37. Joshua and Caleb fought against the Canaanites by themselves since no one else would go e. None of the above 36.

What happened when the Israelites complained (yet again) about the lack of food. Og b. when Jesus was healing the people of poisonous snake bites d. and expressed their desire to return to all the wonderful food they had in Egypt? a. Jesus referred to the incident in the wilderness when Moses made a bronze serpent and lifted it up so that the people who had been bitten by poisonous snakes would look to it and live and specifically applied it to a. it was a sign to the rebellious Levites after the Korah rebellion that Aaron was indeed the priest d. none of the above 42. were raised up to lead the dissenters back to Egypt rather than having them demoralize the rest of the people d. In what New Testament context does the serpent lifted up in the wilderness appear? a. Why did Aaron’s staff bud? a. it was taken from a live acacia tree b. said they were sick of manna. when Jesus was hanging on the cross and quoted this passage to bystanders e. God sent fire and an earthquake to punish them b.30 c. Aaron prayed for them so that they would not have a spirit of ingratitude after all the miracles that God had performed on their behalf e. in the Transfiguration when Peter wanted to build booths (“lift them up”) on the mountain b. Who was the Moabite king who hired Balaam? a. Joshua’s success as conqueror once they got into the land b. the daily burnt offering that was killed and its blood sprinkled on the altar e. but also provided 70 elders to help Moses bear the weight of the responsibility of leading them c. slaughtered a ram. were told to kill them He was brought to the Tent of Meeting where he confessed his sin. God sent quail that made them ill. the Son of Man being lifted up which signified His crucifixion on behalf of sinful humankind d. it was a sign to Pharaoh that Aaron was the priest of the family 41. none of the above Balak Sihon . e. the temptation by the devil (the serpent of old) in the wilderness c. c. it was the staff that sweetened the waters at Marah c. The priests. d. Rephaite d. e. none of the above 39. the prophets. signifying how He would die c. when Jesus was talking to Nicodemus and said that the Son of Man must be lifted up. and had Aaron pray for him None of the above 38. led by Aaron. none of the above 40. Eldad and Medad.

all of the above e. because he used divination c. He persuaded the Israelites that the inhabitants of the Canaanite cities were like giants and fearsome and thus they disobeyed the Lord and refused to go into the land d. after the return of the spies from checking out the land. he succumbed to the temptation of a payoff and told the king of Moab to use Moabite women to trap the Israelites into idolatry e. When Balaam. called to curse Israel. Why was Balaam declared by Peter (2 Peter 2:15-16) to be a false prophet of the most reprehensible kind? a. the blessings and curses of the covenant were re-stated . Why does the New Testament call Balaam a false prophet? a. spoke about Israel in his four oracles. they were the ones who built the stone altar for the ceremony ratifying the covenant b. What did Joshua and Caleb do that set them apart from the other leaders in Israel? a. Moses struck the rock in anger in order to bring water out of it and he did not honor God as holy before the people b. he prophesied that a star would come forth from Jacob c. none of the above 48. what did he say? a. they stopped the rebellion of Korah e. a and c 44. because he thought a donkey was talking to him and that did not occur e. He declared that God changes His mind which is a blasphemous statement c. because his predictions about Israel were false b. He prophesied that a star would come forth from Jacob which led them into worship of astral objects b. Moses responded in anger against the spies and punished them beyond what God commanded c. Moses made an image of a serpent which was forbidden e. Why did God first tell Moses that he could not go into the promised land? a. none of the above 47. he said that God is not one to change His mind d. the built the tabernacle with the wealth that the Israelites had taken from the Egyptians d. None of the above 46. Although he pronounced blessings on the people. Which of the following did not occur at the end of the book of Deuteronomy? a. Moses was not willing to take the responsibility of leading the people d. because he did not consult the LORD but a host of other gods d.31 43. they were the ones who urged the people to go in and take the land even though its inhabitants looked threatening c. none of the above 45. he announced great blessings for them b.

32 b. Moses fled to Midian after killing an Israelite taskmaster. 7. Who were the two Amorite kings of regions on the east side of the Jordan River that the Israelites conquered? a. 5. In other words. serpents that bit the people. Among the plagues (also called “signs and wonders”) were frogs. Miriam. e. d. The Song that Moses recited at the end of Deuteronomy a. Balak and Balaam b. 2. Significant women who were involved in the preservation of Hebrew boys during the time of oppression by Pharaoh included the midwives. appearing in the form of a burning bush. none of the above 51. The place from which Moses viewed the Promised Land c. The Lord met Moses at Mt. and locusts. Midian and Amalek c. 6. 4. Og and Sihon True/False Format Indicate whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). pronounced curses upon the enemies of Israel e. The place from which the Israelites would pronounce the blessings and curses once they got into the Land e. if a sentence is true as stated. . it meant that Aaron was also dabbling in magic. 3. Be careful not to “over-correct”. Jochabed. you need not try to determine how it might be better! 1. extolled the God of the Exodus for breaking the way through the sea and drowning the threatening armies of Pharaoh b. Among the numerous facets of Moses’ preparation to lead the Israelites out of Egypt were his education in the court of Pharaoh and his shepherding sheep in the wilderness of Midian. The god of the Moabites d. called heaven and earth as witnesses against Israel who rejected God and sacrificed to idols d. Moses’ mother. The name that came to be attached to the bronze serpent b. flies. Moses died after a vision of the Land The Song of Moses was recorded as a witness against Israel Joshua took up the mantle of leadership and demonstrated it by defeating the Moabites because they refused to allow Israel to pass through All of the above are recorded at the end of Deuteronomy 49. his sister. When the staff of Aaron became a serpent and swallowed the rods of the Egyptian magicians. telling Moses that He was the God of Abraham. c. Isaac and Jacob and He was sending Moses to bring the Israelites out of Egypt. praised God for the gift of the Torah at Sinai c. Zered and Arnon d. None of the above 50. When the LORD confronted Moses on the way back to Egypt and threatened to kill him. and Pharaoh’s daughter. What was Nebo? a. Shiphrah and Puah. his wife Zipporah accused Moses of having blood on his hands after having killed an Egyptian and left him. Horeb.

22. During the time that Aaron was leading the people into idolatry. and the system for worship had been established and the Tabernacle constructed. Abiram and On had to do with a tribal squabble over unequal collection of manna and quail. met Moses and the Israelites in the wilderness. When Jethro. dealt with Aaron’s role as high priest. The rebellion of Korah. 17. putting the blood on the thresholds of the houses to keep them from going outside and being struck down by the destroying angel. among other things. they expressed their fear and asked not to have to hear any more. fashioning a golden calf. The reason that Peter writes so scathingly of Balaam is that. In the process of giving the people manna in the wilderness. Nebo. The first crisis for the people after the crossing of the Sea of Reeds had to do with fear of enemies in the form of the Amalekites who were attacking the vulnerable people. God first told Moses that he could not go into the promised land because Moses responded in anger against the spies and punished them beyond what God commanded. Matching . he broke the tablets. He commanded them to sacrifice the lamb. God directed them by means of the cloud and fire toward the land of the Philistines in order to get away from Egypt as quickly as possible. When Balaam spoke about Israel in his four oracles. 23. When God gave the instructions to Moses and the Israelites concerning the Passover that they were to celebrate that night in Egypt. 13. 14. he also gave the king of Moab advice on how to lead the Israelites astray into heinous idolatry. Moses was allowed to view the promised land from Mt. By the time the Israelites left the mountain of God. among his notable statements were that a star would come forth from Jacob. Joshua was the person who led the military campaign against the Amalekites while Aaron and Hur supported Moses’ arms in which was the rod of God.33 8. 19. 24. they had the covenant established between God and themselves. When Moses descended from the mountain to find the people engaged in wild revelry around the golden calf. 11. When the Israelites left Egypt. 18. the priest of Midian and father-in-law of Moses. symbolizing the breaking of the covenant and then severe punishment was meted out in the form of a plague and as the Levites executed about 3000 people. they were organized. When Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of his Cushite wife and because they wanted to share in his prominent position. 12. 9. The key figures who resisted the majority report of the spies when they returned from the land and said that the Israelites should indeed go into the land that God had promised were Joshua and Caleb. 15. 10. 25. Dathan. Aaron’s staff budded because Moses put it into the waters of Meribah. After God revealed the Ten Words to Moses and the people. 21. God taught them an important lesson in obedience which had to do offering sacrifices. 16. Jethro offered sacrifices to God and then made restitution by returning the large herd of sheep that rightfully belonged to Moses after all the years of shepherding. Moses was on the mountain receiving the instructions that. both were smitten with leprosy as a punishment and Moses had to pray on their behalf for healing so that they could lead the people again and especially so that Aaron could return to his position as high priest. although he uttered the words of the Lord and blessed Israel. 20.

along with Aaron. the name that best fits the description. Phineas M. indicate what the general contents of those expansions are. Then. reflect briefly on the implications we addressed in class of the command to honor parents. Shiphrah and Puah Balak D. the king of Moab who summoned a false prophet to curse the Israelites 5. Write out the Ten Commandments in order. Moses’ sister who. after his “conversion” celebrated on the mountain with the leaders of Israel in the presence of God 2. If you want to present the chart as part of your answer that is fine. complained that Moses was more important than they were and who was thus punished with seven days of leprosy 9. along with a number of the Levites and several key men from the tribe of Reuben. Jethro G. Caleb Joshua H. the individual who. Moses’ Midianite wife who circumcised his son before they went back to Egypt 4. . A third explores the implications of the commandment regarding the Name of God. Even though you do not need to reproduce the expansions word for word. along with Aaron. The man who. Zipporah Potential Essays Write out the Ten Commandments in order. indicate which ones have expansions and what the general impacts of those expansions are. Nadab and Abihu N. Not all of the answers are used. refused to go along with the majority opinion when the spies returned from the Land 6. Even though you do not need to reproduce these word for word. the man who. 1. What does a literal translation of the Hebrew possibly tell us about our own use of God’s Name? How are each of these significant for you? Why is the “redemptive movement hermeneutic (RMH)” an important interpretive method? In other words. Moses’ father-in-law who was a Midianite priest and who. E. Moses J. Aaron B. Another version of this question asks you to reflect on the commandment against idolatry. Hur F. Why do you suppose that it was these particular commandments that called for additional instruction? Yes. Be sure to draw on all the background information that you can possibly muster and then suggest a principled contemporary application. the grandson of Aaron who executed a Midianite woman and an Israelite man and thus brought a stop to the plague against Israel in conjunction with the idolatrous worship at Baal Peor 3. the man who fought the Amalekites while Moses held up the rod of God in his arms 7. Miriam L.34 Choose from the list below. what concerns have arisen as people have studied certain aspects of the Torah? Explain how it works in conjunction with the following passage. led a rebellion against Moses and Aaron because they wanted to serve as priests 10. along with Joshua. Korah K. this last part allows you freedom for reflection. helped Moses sustain his arms in the air when he was getting weary 8. Please feel free to tear off that page to make this part easier. I. The two sons of Aaron who entered the tabernacle after its dedication with unauthorized fire and were consumed by fire from God Names to use for Matching Section A. Balaam C.

Two of the course objectives read as follows: “To emphasize First Testament passages to which Jesus. please explain why not. the responses of Pharaoh. What does the term “Sabbath” mean? What does the First Testament teach about Sabbath observance that gives us a clue as to its significance for Jesus’ contemporaries? [Be as comprehensive as you can with this part of the question.” With this in mind. In Romans 9:17-18. but he is not to be punished if the slave gets up after a day or two. Wilson declares that the law is a “gracious gift of God” (p 54). If they cross the (artificial) boundaries between the three categories of Torah that we studied. . explore the declaration in Exodus 4 where God told Moses that He would harden Pharaoh’s heart in conjunction with what happens in the following chapters. and the Early Church turned as they increase our understanding of God’s sovereign redeeming activity”. since the slave is his property” (Exodus 21:20-21). and the verbs that describe this ongoing process. Choose five specific injunctions found in the Torah and indicate how the principles underlying these laws are instructive. “For the Scripture says to Pharaoh: ‘I raised you up for this very purpose. With these ideals in mind. You will lose points only if you neglect to demonstrate that you have thought about the issue. be careful to cite the laws you have chosen in some detail. note that and comment on how that affects your assessment of their value for us. and he hardens whom he wants to harden. both for the Israelites as they were called to be God’s people in a rather hostile wider environment. Be specific as you work your way through the incidents. and “To investigate the role of the First Testament in shaping our responses to our 21st century”. Paul says. Explore the implications of that statement in light of what the New Testament says about the law and how we ought to understand those statements.] What did Jesus say about the Sabbath? How about Paul? What implications does all this have for you and why? If it has none at this time. he must be punished. and for us as we think of effecting social justice in our own contemporary settings. that I might display my power in you and that My name might be proclaimed in all the earth. As you respond to this question. What is final outcome? Dr. please address the issue of Sabbath observance.’ Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy.35 “If a man beats his male or female slave with a rod and the slave dies as a direct result. the apostles.