DEPARTMENT OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH

PLANT DISEASES DIVISION BULLETIN No. 77

NEW ZEALAND POLYPORACEAE
6.—THE GENUS COLTRICIA
by G. H* CUNNINGHAM I

DUNEDIN, N.Z.

JOHN McINDOE LTD., Printer.
SEPTEMBER, 1948.

NEW ZEALAND POLYPORACEAE
6.—THE GENUS COLTRICIA
G, H. CUNNINGHAM Plant Diseases Division, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research.

Under the tribe Fomiteae I propose to group pileate species with context composed of hyphae with walls definitely coloured yellow-brown or chestnut-brown when viewed under the microscope. They will be treated under several genera of which Coltricia forms the subject of this bulletin. Species of Coltricia form a small natural group with certain features in common. All possess an annual stipitate hymenophore with monomitic brown-coloured hyphae and clavate type basidia; they are without clamp connections or setae. Hitherto species have been dispersed among several genera with which they have little in common, as Polyporus, Polystictus, Trametes, Xanthochrous, etc. Spores may be hyaline, tinted yellow, or chestnut-brown. Colour is without generic value, however, since in related species spores may be yellow or hyaline, and in C.oblectans spores of the same plant may be hyaline or tinted yellow. Surface markings of spores are also regarded—in this family— as being without generic value. Spores of C. depend ens, for example, are delicately verruculose, yet in descriptions have usually been described as smooth. 6. COLTRICIA S. F. Gray. Plants, vol. 1, p. 644, 1821.
Strilia Gray> N at. Arr.Brit.Plants, vol. 1, p. 645, 1821,, Polystictus Fr., NoiKSymb., p. 70, 1851. Pelloporus Quel., Ench.Fung., p. 166, 1886. Onnia K a r s t , Finl. Basidsv., p. 326, 1889. Xanthochrous Pat., Cat.Pl.Tun., p. 51, 1897. Microporus Beauv. ex O. Kuntze, Rev.Gen.Pl., vol. 3, p. 494, 1898. Phaeolus P a t , Essai Tax. Hymen., p. 86, 1900. Romellia Murr., Bull.Torrey Bot.Club, vol 31, p.'338, 1904. Coltriciella Murr., I.e., p. 348. Pycnoporellus Murr., Ibid., vol. 32, p. 489, 1905.

Natural Arrangement

of British

Hymenophore pileate, commonly annual, rarely reviving a second season, composed of hyphae with walls definitely coloured yellow-brown or chestnut-brown; with a central or lateral stem or stem-like base; ventral surface poroid, or slightly labrynthiform; hymenium lining walls of dissepiments which are sterile at their apices; hyphal system monomitic, hyphae long, ribbon-like, branched and septate, without clamp connections; basidial type clavate; setae wanting; spores hyaline or coloured, smooth or verruculose.
TYPE SPECIES: DISTRIBUTION

Polyporus perennis L; ex Fr;,

: World-wide.

2

NEW ZEALAND POLYPORACEAE
KEY TO THE SPECIES

Pileus pendent from the vertex by a slender stem; spores chestnut-brown delicately verruculose, obovate, elliptical or pip-shaped

1. C.dependens (Berk. & C u r t ) G. H. Cunn.

Pileus carried upon the apex of a central or excentric stem. Pileus surface covered with coarse strigose hairs which are upright towards the centre and radiate-imbricate peripherally. Spores elliptical, .6-8 x 4-5 /*..; pores 1-2 per mm , 2. C.oblectans (Berk.) G. H. Cunn. Spores subglobose, 5-7 x 5-6 # ; pores 2-3 per mm '. 3. C.strigosa G. H. Cunn. Pileus surface covered with fine appressed hyphae radiately arranged, appearing silky and lustrous; spores elliptical, 6-10 x 3.5-5 >.'; pores 2-3 per mm 4. C.cinnamomea (Jacq.) Murr. Pileus surface finely tomentose; spores elliptical Pores round or angular, 2-3 per mm 5. Cperennis (L. ex. Fr.) Murr. Pores labrynthiform or irregular, to 7 x 1 mm „ 7. C.schweinitzii (Fr.) G. H. Cunn. Pileus attached by .a lateral stem or stem-like base (sometimes dimidiate and imbricate in C.schweinitzii). Pileus surface covered with fine appressed hyphse radiately a r r a n g e d ; context chestnutbrown ; spores yellow, elliptical; pores angular, 3-5 per mm 6. C.salpincta (Cke.) G. H. Cunn. Pileus surface finely tomentose; context chestnut-brown; spores hyaline, elliptical; pores labrynthiform, to 7 x 1 mm. > . 7. C.schweinitzii (Fr.) G. H. Cunn. Pileus surf ace glabrous; context orangerufous ; spores globose. cuticle absent; pores 1-3 per mm 8. C laeta (Cke.) G. H . Cunn. Cuticle present, black and resinous; pores 3-4 per mm. ., 9. C.aureo-fulva (Lloyd) G. H. Cunn.

1. COLTRICIA DEPENDENS P i I, % I-

(Berkeley & Curtis) n.comb.

Polyporus dependens B. & C , Ann.Nat.Hist., Ser. II, vol. 12, p. 431, 1853. Polystictus dependens (B. & C.) Sacc, Syll.Fung., vol. 6, p. 213, 1888. Coltriciella dependens (B. & C.) Murr., Bull.Torrey Bot. Club, vol. 31, p. 348, 1904. Trametes dependens (B. & C.) Baxter, Papers Michigan Acad., vol. 14, p. 267, 1931.

Hymenophore annual, reviving a second season, spongy, fragile^ solitary, growing pendent by a stem attached to the vertex. Pileus conical or campanulate, 3-15 mm., diameter, 3-6 mm. thick; surface fawn, cinnamon, or ferruginous, finely tomentose or glabrous when old, obscurely radiately striate, without a cuticle; margin acute, even or finely toothed, concolorous, ' hymenial surface ferruginous or cinnamon, even, fertile to the edge, dissepiments not toothed; stem to 5 mm. long, 0.5-1 mm. thick, solid, finely tomentose, equal, cinnamon. Context 0.2-0.5 mm. thick, to 1 mm. at the apex, cinnamon, of closely woven hyphae; generative hyphse chestnut-brown, 6-7 /* thick, wall 1 ^, septate, branched, occasionally inflated to form elliptical bodies to 25 /*

COLTRICIA

^3

wide. Pores to 4 mm. deep, angular, cinnamon in section, 200-400 * * diameter, or 2-3, mostly 2 per mm.; dissepiments 75-200 /* thick, slightly tapering, apex finely velutinate. Basidia clavate or cylindrical, 12-16 x 5-6 /*, soon collapsing. Spores narrowly obovate-ellipticai, elliptical, or pip-shaped, 6-10 x 4.5-6 M, delicately verruculose, pallid chestnut-brown. TYPE LOCALITY : South Carolina, North America. DISTRIBUTION : North America; Japan; New Zealand. . HABITAT: Growing usually solitary and pendent from under surfaces of rotting logs. Notkofagus truncata (Col.) Ckn.
Auckland. Little Barrier Island, 500 feet, Nov., 1947, Joan Dingley. .^

Notkofagus

spp-.

'"

Wellington. Day's Bay, April, 1947, G. B. Rawlings. Southland. Near Otautau, Nov., 1946, G. B. Rawlings. Woodlaw Stale Forest, Nov.,. 1946, G. B. Rawlings.

Plants grow pendent from the underside of rotting logs, usually attached by a short stem to a mycelial mat which is developed in crevices. This pendent feature is not confined to C.dependens since it has also been observed in Polyporus catervatus.and in occasional plants of P.exiguis. Sometimes one or more pilei grpw from the margin of old specimens (PL I, fig. 1, left) suggesting that plants revive for a second season. Spores have been described as being smooth;-in reality they are delicately verruculose, as may be seen readily under, the oil immersion objective. The species is the type of Coltriciella Murr. 2. COLTRICIA OBLECTANS (Berkeley) n.comb. PI. II, fig. 1.
Polyporus oblectanso Berk., Linn.Jour.Bot., vol. 4, p. 51, 1845. P.perdurans Kalchbr., ex Cke. in Grev., vol. 9, p. 1, 1880. Polystictus oblectans (Berk.) Cke., Grev., vol. 14, p. 77, 1886.

Hymenophore annual, solitary or caespitose, coriaceous, attached by a short central stem. Pileus orbicular, plane or slightly convex, umbilicate, 15-30 mm. diameter, 1-3 mm. thick; surface ferruginous, chestnut-brown or pallid umber, silky, shining, concentrically zoned, covered with coarse appressed or partly erect radiate-striate hairs formed from bundles of 5-15 hyphse cemented together, tufted towards the centre, cuticle wanting; margin acute, inturned, entire or fringed with strigose hairs; hymenial surface decurrent, ferruginous or chestnut-brown, fertile to the margin, dissepiments finely toothed; stem 10-15 mm. long., 3-7 mm. thick, equal, tomentose, chestnut-brown, solid, inffeted' at the base. Context chestnut-brown, 0.2-1 mm. thick, of radiately arranged parallel hyphae; generative hyphae long, 4-6 A thick, * wall 0.5 /*, freely branched, septate. Pores angular, to 2 mm. deep, ferruginous in section, 150-300 ^diameter, or 1-2 per mm.; dissepiments 100-150 M thick, tapering slightly, apex finely velutinate. Basidia clavate, 12-16 x 5-6•/*, persistent. Spores broadly elliptical, some obovate, a few subglobose, 6-8 x 4-5 /*, smooth, tinted yellow of as frequently hyaline. TYPE LOCALITY : Western Australia. DISTRIBUTION : Australia; New Zealand. HABITAT : Growing solitary or caespitose on rich humus.
Auckland. Swanson, University College Reserve, Aug., 1947, Margaret Ambler. Wellington. Weraroa, sandhills, Oct., 1M9; E. H. Atkinson. Same locality, Oct., 1922, G, H. C.

4t

N E W ZEALAND

POLYPORACEAE

o Separated from C,cinnamomea, which it resembles closely, by the smaller-spores, darker colour and more strigose pileus, stouter more coarsely velutinate stem and larger pores. In certain plants some spores may be tinted yellow, while others remain hyaline; in others again all spores may be hyaline, showing that it is inadvisable to use spore colour as a generic or specific character. 3. C O L T R I C I A S T R I G O S A n . s p * PI. I I , fig. 2.

Hymenophorum annuum, caule centrale. Pileus orbicularis, convexus, 1-5 cm. diam., 2-5 mm. crassus; superficies hinnulea, demum castanea, haud vel ambigue zonata, centro pills crassis, strigosis, zverticalibus, induta, perimetro radiatim posita; cuticula absens; superficies hymenialis decurrens, castanea, vel cinnamomea; caulis 1-2 cm. longus^ 3-6 mm. crassus, solidus, cinnamomeus, tomentosus; hyphse generationse 5-7 /* crassse, brachiatse, septatse, hyphis fibulatis nullis. Pori angulati, 2-3 per mm. Sporse subglobosa^, globosse, vel aliquantulum obovatse, 5-7 x 5-6 **, leves, flavo-tinctse. Hymenophore annual or reviving a second season, solitary or csespitose, attached by a central stem. Pileus orbicular, convex, not umbilicate, f-5 cm. diameter, 2-5 mm. thick; surface at first fawn, becoming chestnut-brown, not or vaguely zoned, strigose with coarse vertical hairs in the centre, hairs radiately arranged peripherally, cuticle w a n t i n g ; margin usually bluntly rounded, plane, entire; hymenial surface decurrent, chestnut-brown or cinnamon, sterile margin lighter in colour, 1-5 mm. wide, dissepiments not toothed; stem to 2 cm. long, 3-6 mm. thick, solid, cinnamon, coarsely or finely tomentose, usually fused at the base to a common mycelial mass. Context 2-3 mm. thick, cinnamon, or parallel hyphse radiately a r r a n g e d ; generative hyphse 5-7 .A* thick, wall 0.5 /*, chestnut-brown, branched, septate. Pores angular, 0.2-0.5 mm. deep, ferruginous in section, 150-400 A diameter, or 2-3 * per mm.-; dissepiments 75-200 ^ thick, equal, apices slightly inflated, delicately velutinate. Basidia clavate, 12-16 x 5-6 v, persistent. Spores subglobose, globose or slightly obovate, 5-7 x 5-6 A*, commonly 6 x 5 ^ , smooth, tinted yellow.
D I S T R I B U T I O N : New Zealand.

''

H A B I T A T : Growing solitary or usually csespitose on rich humus on the floor of forest or scrubland.
Auckland. Little Barrier Island, Oct., 1945, Joan Dingley, type collection. Same locality, Nov., 1947, M. Parkin. Oratia, 500 feet, D e c , 1930, M. Hodgkins.

Separated from other species listed by the stout pileus with coarsely strigose surface, shallow pores and subglobose spores. It differs from obese forms of C.montagnei ( F r . ) . M u r r . by the coarse strigose hairs of the pileus and smaller subglobose spores. A second crop of pilei had developed on the Oratia collection, suggesting that the species may survive a second season.

*Latin description kindly supplied by Dr. H. H. Allan, Director, Botany Division, Department of Scientific and-Industrial Research.

COLTRICIA:

5

4. C O L T R I C I A C I N N A M O M E A (Jacquin ex G r a y ) Murrill. Bulletin of ths Tor fey Botanical Club,vol.31, p. 343, 1904. PL I, fig. 2.
Boletus cinnamomeus Jacq., ; poll., vol. 1, p. 116, 1786. Strilia cinnamomea .(Jacq,) Gray, Nat.Arr.Brit.PL, vol,, 1, p. 645, 1821. Polyporus splendens- Peck, AnnJZept.N.yState Musi, No. 26, p. 68, 1874. Polystictus cinnamoneus (Jacq.) Sacc, Mich., vol. 1, p. 36-2, 1878. Xantkochrous'cinnamomeus (Jacq.) P a t , Essai Tax., p. 100, 1900. '

Hymenophqre annual, solitary or more often csespitose, coriaceous, attached by a shiort slender central or excentric stem. Pileus orbicular, plane or slightly convex, umbilicate, 5-30 mm. diameter, 1-2 mm.' thick; surface bay-brown or cinnamon, shining, silky, concentrically sulcate, radiately striate with closely appressed fibrils, cuticle wanting, margin acute, plane, even or occasionally fringed with strigose h a i r s ; hymenial surface slightly decurrent, ferruginous or cinnamon, even, with a lighter sterile margin 1-3 mm. wide, dissepiments slightly toothed; stem 5-1/7 mm. long, 1-2.5 mm. thick, solid, equal, cinnamon, delicately velutinate, with a bulbous base. Context 0.1-0.5 mm. thick, cinnamon, of radiately arranged parallel hyphse; generative hyphse long, 6-8 P thick, wall 1.5 /*, chestnut-brown, freely branched, septate. Pores angular, to 1 mm. deep, bay-brown or ferruginous in section, 150-250 /* diameter, or 2-3 per m m . ; dissepiments 7,5-150 P thick, tapering, apex finely velutinate. Basidia clavate, 16-24 x 7-9 /*, persistent. Spores elliptical or narrowly obovate, a few incurved on one side, 6-10 x 3.5-5 ^, smooth, light yellow.,
T Y P E LOCALITY : Austria.

D I S T R I B U T I O N : E u r o p e ; N o r t h A m e r i c a ; I n d i a ; Ceylon; Zealand.

New

H A B I T A T : Growing solitary, more often csespitose, on rich humus on the forest floor.
Auckland. Kawau Island, July, 1943, J. C. Neill.

Specimens in the abundant collection agree closely with the description and illustrations given by W . C. Coker (Journ.Elisha Mitchell SciSoc, vol. 62, p. 96, 1946). T h e species closely resembles C,oblectans; differing mainly in the surface of the pileus which is not ) strigose but.clothed with appressed hairs, different colour of pileus and hymenium, and larger spores. Pores, too, are slightly smaller and / b a s i d i a larger. Pilei and stems of this and several other species commonly fuse so that it is sometimes difficult to ascertain their diameter. ; 5. C O L T R I C I A P E R E N N I S (Linnaeus ex F r i e s ) Murrill. Journal of Mycology, vol. 9, p. 91, 1903. PL I I I , fig. 1. "..'."
Boletus perennis L., Sp.PL, p. 1177, 1753. Polyporus perennis (L.) Fr., Syst. Myc, vol. T, p. 350, 1821. Coltricia connata Gray, Nat.Arr Brit.PL, vol. 1, p. 644, 1821. ,^Polystictus perennis (L. ex Fr.) K a r s t , Rev.Myc, vol. 3, p. 18, 1881. 'Pelloporus perennis, (L. ex F r . ) Quel., Ench., p. 166, 1886.

Hymenophore annual, solitary or caespitose, coriaceous, attached by a central stem. Pileus irregularly orbicular, plane or slightly convex, umbilicate, 1-5 cm. diameter, 1-3 mm. thick; surface bay-brown or fawn, radiately rugose, azonate or vaguely zoned, finely lanose with densely woven freely branched hyphse which are hyaline at their apices, cuticle w a n t i n g ; margin acute, plane or inturned, lacerate; hymenial surface decurrent, tan or ferruginous, umber in some old specimens,

N E W Z E A L A N D POLYPORACEAE sterile margin 1-3 mm. wide, dissepiments entire; stem 1.5-3 cm. long, 1-5 mm. thick, finely tomentose, even or slightly fluted a n d irregular, solid, tapering to the base where somewhat bulbous. Context cinnamon, 0.2-2 mm. thick, of radiately arranged parallel hyphae; generative hyphae long, 4-6 /* thick, wall 0.5 A , freely branched, septate. Po*?es * angular, somewhat linear near and upon the stem, to 1 mm. deep, commonly less, ferruginous in section, 200-400 P diameter, or 2-3 per m m . ; dissepiments 100-400 /* thick at the base, tapering, apex finely velutinate. Basidia clavate, 12-15 x 5-6 #, persistent. Spores oblong with rounded ends, a few obovate, 6-8 x 4.5-5 /*, smooth, hyaline, a few tinted yellow.
T Y P E LOCALITY : Sweden.

DISTRIBUTION : E u r o p e ; N o r t h America;, N e w Zealand. H A B I T A T : Growing solitary-of more often csespitose in soil upon the forest floor. Auckland. Cascade Kauri Park, Waitakere Ranges, 600 feet, Dec, 19*7, Joan Dingley. N e w Zealand specimens agree closely wTith a collection ofC.perennis from Brandenburg, Germany, forwarded by the late H . Sydow. T h e species resembles C.oblectans and C.cinnamomea in general appearance; but differs- from both in the finely lanate surface of the pileus, and from C.cinnamomea by the smaller usually hyaline spores. Hyphse forming the surface a r e freely branched and loosely intertwined. Most spores a r e hyaline, though a few have the walls tinted yellow. Specimens were collected growing upon soil1—not humus-—an habitat peculiar to but one other species, C.salpincta, of those described herein. T h e species is the type of Polystictus Fr. PI. I l l , fig. 2.

6. C O L T R I C I A S A L P I N C T A (Cooke) n.comb.
Polystictus salpinctus Cke., Grevillea, vol. 8, p. 142, 1880.

Hymenophore annual, coriaceous, solitary or csespitose, attached to the substratum by a lateral rarely excentric stem. Pileus fan-shaped conchate, or spathulate, 5-25 mm. x 10-20 m m . x 1-2 m m . ; surface bay-brown, cinnamon, or chestnut-brown, becoming fuscous or black when old, radiate-striate with fine raised lines which a r e sometimes darker in colour, obscurely zoned with bands of darker colour, or concolorous, silky when young, soon dull, cuticle w a n t i n g ; m a r g i n acute, plane or slightly inturned, fimbriate, sometimes lacerate, undulate or even; hymenial s u r f a c e even, at first fawn or bay-brown, becoming ferruginous, finally umber, sterile margin 1-3 mm. wide, lighter in colour, dissepiments finely too the A; stem to 15 mm*, long, 1-2 mm. thick, equal, solid, velvety, cinnamon, with a small bulbous base. Context chestnut-brown, 0.2-1 mm. thick,, of radiately arranged parallel hyphae; generative hyphae chestnut-brown, to 6 ^ thick, wall 0.5 ^, branched, septate. Pores angular, ferruginous in section, 0.5-1 mm. deep, 100-200 v diameter, or 3-5 per m m . ; dissepiments 75-100 ^ thick, equal, apex finely velutinate. Basidia clavate, 12-16 x 5-6 /*, persistent. Spores broadly elliptical, 6-8 x 4-5 /* smooth, tinted yellow.
T Y P E LOCALITY : N e w Zealand. D I S T R I B U T I O N : N e w Zealand.

COLTRICIA

%

HABITAT : Growing solitary or caespitosa on clay soil in forest or scrub.
Auckland. Titirangi, Waitakere Wellington. Weraroa, Oct., 1920, Aug., 1946, Greta B. Cone. Day's Taieri Gorge, D e c , 1934, J. R. J. Ranges, June, 1946, Myra Carter. E. H. Atkinson. Butterfly Reserve, Bay, May, 1947, Joan Dingley. Otago. Moore.

Characterized by the lateral (seldom excentric) stem, small darkcoloured pores and radiate-striate dull pileus. T h e species is most closely related to C.cinnamomea, possessing a similar coloured finely radiate-striate pileus. i t differs in the lateral stem, thinner walls of generative hyphse, smaller pores, and smaller spores. T h e hafoitat also is different, collections recorded having been taken from clay banks. Though lateral in most specimens, the stem is excentric in two or three, a condition which was seen in the fragmentary type at Kew. 7. C O L T R I C I A S C H W E I N I T Z I I ( F r i e s ) n x o m b .
Polyporus schzveinitzii Fr., Syst.Myc, vol. 1, p. 351, 1821. Daedalea epigaea Lenz. Schw.} p. 02, 1831. Polyporus tabulae for mis Berk., in Hook. Lond.Jour. Eot., vol. 4, p. 302, 1845. P.spectabilis Fr., NovSymb., p. 48, 1851. P.hispidoides Peck, Ann.Rept.N.Y.StateMus., No. 33, p. 21, 1880. Polystictus schweinitzii ( F r . ) K a r s t , Rev.Myc, vol. 3, p. 18, 1881. Cladomeris schweinitzii ( F r . ) Quel., Ench.Fung., p. 169, 1886. Inodermus schweinitzii ( F r . ) Quel. Fl.Myc.Fr., p. 394, 1858. Phaeolus sistotremoides (A. & S.) Murr., Bull.Torrey Bot.CL, vol. 32, p. 363, 1905. P.schiveinitzii ( F r . ) Pat., Essai Tax., p. 86, 1900.

Hymenophore annual, sometimes persisting a second season, corky-woody, firm but brittle, composed of 5-35 pilei arising' from a common central stem or attached laterally when dimidiate and imbricate. Pileus applanate, plane or convex, sometimes orbicular when infundibuliform, to 35 cm. x 25 cm. x 3-10 m m . ; surface irregular, sulcate, tomentose, ochraceous, ferruginous, umber or chocolate-brown, cuticle w a n t i n g ; margin acute, bluntly rounded, even or crenate, e n t i r e ; hymenial surface chestnut-brown, even, sterile margin 2-10 mm. wide, dissepiments strongly toothed. Context 3-7 mm. thick, fulvous to chestnut-brown, soft and loosely w o v e n ; generative hyphse 6-12 /* thick, wall 1 /*, thin, collapsing, chestnut-brown, intricately branched, septate. Pores at first round, becoming angular and labrynthiform, 1-3 mm. deep, ferruginous in section, 0.15-1 mm. diameter, to 7mm. long; dissepiments 0.1-1 mm. thick, tapering to the apex where finely velutinate. Basidia clavate, 10-12 x 5-6 /*, brown, persistent. Spores obovnte, subglobose or broadly elliptical 5-8 x 4-5 /*, smooth, hyaline.
TYPE' LOCALITY : E u r o p e .

DISTRIBUTION: Eurape; Asia; North America; Australia; New Zealand. H A B I T A T : Growing usually imbricate on roots at base of trunks, or upon trunks of living trees. Agathis australis Salisb.
Auckland. Omahuta State Forest, Aug., 1939, G. B. Rawlings.

Despite the usually large size and variable shape of the hymenophore the species closely resembles in micro-structure others placed under Coltricia. It possesses the same monomitic hyphal system, with similar brown septate hyphae, clavate type basidia and is without clamp connections. The hymenophore may possess a central or lateral stem, or this body may be wanting when pilei are dimidiate, imbricate and attached to a lateral common base. W h e n the stem is central, pilei

8

N E W Z E A L A N D POLYPORACEAE

are often orbicular and infundibulif o r m ; when lateral or wanting, they assume an applanate form, often reaching a large size, some in the larger specimen at hand attaining a width of 35 cm. Pores at first are round, but soon become labrynthiform, often attaining a length of 7 mm., though retaining their original width, In some descriptions cystidia have been recorded. T r u e cysttdia are absent, their place being taken by occasional round-topped genera^ tive hyphae which extend beyond the hymenium. N e w Zealand specimens agree in essentials with a N o r t h American collection ( e x Bass Creek, M o n t a n a ) kindly forwarded by the late J . R. W e i r . 8. C O L T R I C I A L ^ T A (Cooke) n.comb. '

Polyporus laetus Cke., Grev., vol. 12, p. 16, 1883. P.laetus Mass., Trans.N.Zlnst., -vol. 23, p. 393, 1890. Fomes laetus (Cke.) Lloyd, Syn.Genus Fomes, p. 231, 1915. Polyporus lateritius Lloyd, Letter 67, p. 12, 1918, non P.lateritius Cke.

Hymenophore annual, woody, firm, solitary or imbricate, attached by a brief narrow lateral elongation of the base, which does not exceed 5 x 5 m m . Pileus fan-shaped, sometimes applanate, 3-6 cm. x 4-7 cmr. x 5-10 m m . ; surface orange.to orange-rufous, radiate-striate, fluted or not, with a few scattered fibrils otherwise, glabrous, cuticle w a n t i n g ; margin obtusely rounded, entire or dentate, concolorous; hymenial surface orange or orange-rufous darkening with age to deep brickred, even, fertile to the ^dge, dissepiments not toothed. Context 2-5 mm. thick, orange-rufous, shining, of parallel radiately arranged compacted hyphse; generative hyphse long, chestnut-brown, 6-81 > thick,_• wall 0.5 v, sparsely branched, septate. Pores angular, "to 5 m m . d e e p / orange-rufous in section, 150-350 /* diameter, or 2-3 per m m . ; dissepiments 7 5 - 1 5 0 > thick, equal, apex finely4 velutinate. Basidia clavate, 10-12 x 4-5,/*, soon collapsing. Spores globose or isubglobose, 4.5-6 f1, smooth, hyaline.
T Y P E L O C A L I T Y : Victoria, Australia. v

D I S T R I B U T I O N : Australia; T a s m a n i a ; N e w Zealand. H A B I T A T : Growing solitary or imbricate upon rotting logs or bases of upright dead trunks. x Coriaria ruscifolla L.
Auckland. Rangitoto Island, 600 feet, June, 1947, Joan Dingley.

Elaeocarpus Elaeocarpus

dentatus

Vahl. Raoul

Wellington. Butterfly Reserve, Sept., 1946, G. B. Rawlings.

hookeyianus

Wellington. Butterfly Reserve, Sept., 1946, G. B. Rawlings, '

C.laeta and C.aureo-fulva may be recognised readily by th^ conspicuous orange-rufous colour of hymenium and context, and globose hyaline spores. T h e latter is further characterised in that in typical specimens the pileus is covered with a conspicuous black cuticle. "Polyporus" lateritius Lloyd, named from Australia, appears to be the same as C.laeta, judging from part of the type collection (National Park, South Australia) kindly forwardeel by J. B. Cleland. A n American plant with orange-rufous colour—"Polyporus" aurantiacus Peck—possesses a similar monomitic hyphal system but differs in the tomentose surface of the pileus, elliptical spores and freely branched loosely woven context hyphse, I t was made the type of Pycnoporellus Murr,

COLTRICIA
Polyporus aureo-fulvus Lloyd, Myc.Notes, No. 66, p. 1108, 1922.

9

9. COLTRICIA AUREO-FULVA (Lloyd) n.comb. PL I, fig. 3. Hymenophore annual, firm and corky-woody, brittle, imbricate or solitary, attached by a narrow stem-like base which does not exceed 5 x 5 mm. Pileus fan-shaped or conchate, slightly concave, 2-5 cm. x 2-4 cm. x 1-2 mm.; surface at first orange or orange-rufous, when concentrically zoned with dark brown bands near the base, becoming tobacco-brown or black, radiately striate, fluted or not, glabrous, cuticle present, 100-200 /* thick, appearing black and shining in section, composed of parallel chestnut-brown hyphse firmly cemented together with interstices ^filled with mucilage, poorly developed in young plants when represented by brown or black zones; margin bluntly rounded, plane, toothed, crenate; hymenial surface at first orange-rufous, becoming reddish-brown or dark brick-red, even, fertile to the. margin, dissepiments not toothed. Context 0.2-0.5 mm. thick, to 1 mm. at the base, orange-rufous and shining, of densely packed parallel radiately arranged hyphse; generative hyphse 5-7 /* thick, wall 0.5 v, chestnutbrown, branched, septate. Pores angular, 0.5-2 mm. deep, 100-250 M diameter, or 3-4 per mm.; dissepiments 100-150 /* thick, equal, apices delicately velutinate. Basidia clavate, 10-12 x 4-5 A, soon collapsing. Spores globose or subglobose, 4.5-6 /*, smooth, hyaline.
TYPE LOCALITY:

Lake Papaetonga, New Zealand.

DISTRIBUTION : New Zealand.
HABITAT

: Growing usually imbricate on decorticated rotting logs. N othofagus fusca (Hook.f.) Oerst.
Auckland. E r u a Track, Mt. Hauhangatahi, 2,200 feet, Jan., 1932, G.'H. C. Canterbury. Lake Sumner, Sept., 1947, G. B. Rawlings.

Weinmannia racemosa L.f.
Wesfland. Weheka, 600 feet., D e c , 1946, Joan Dingley.

Unknown

Hosts.

Wellington. Lake Papaetonga, 50 feet, Jan., 1919, G. H . C , type collection. Pukematawai, T a r a r u a Ranges, 1,700 feet, Feb., 1933, E. E. Chamberlain. Ruahine Ranges, October., 1946, A. P. Druce.

Lloyd described the species from a rather fragmentary collection taken from the under side of a log lying in a grass pasture. In these specimens the cuticle was poorly developed so that he did not observe the striking contrast typical specimens display between the dark brick-red hymenium, orange-rufous context and black surface of the pileus. The typical black colour of the cuticle does not develop fully until plants are ageing, since it is derived from a change in colour of the mucilage in which hyphse are embedded. In several collections at hand it is represented only by dark areas which have formed beneath the black or brown zones of the surface. Plants with poorly developed cuticle may be separated from C.laeta by their smaller size, thinner context and smaller pores.

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INDEX TO HOSTS AND SPECIES

Synonyms are in Italics

Agathis australis Salisb., 7 Boletus cinnamomeus perennis L., 5 Cladomeris schweinitzii Jacq., 5

Pelloporus perennis

Quel, 1 (L. ex Fr.) Quel., 5

Phaeolus Pat., 1 schzveinitmi ( F r . ) Pat., 7 sistotremoides (A. & S.) Murr., 7 ( F r . ) Quel., 7 2,

Coltricia Gray, 1 aureo-fulva (Lloyd) G. H. Cunn., 8, 9 cinnamomea (Jacq.) Murr., 2, 4, 5, 7 connata Gray, 5 dependens (B. & C.) G. H. Cunn., 2 3 laeta (Cke.) G. PL Cunn., 2, 8, 9 montagnei (Fr.) Murr., 4 oblectans (Berk.) G. H. Cunn., 1,

Polyporus aurantiacus Peck, 8 aiireo-fulvus Llo3'd, 9 catervatus Berk., 3 dependens Berk. & Curt., 2 G, exiguis Col., 3 hispidoides Peck, 7 laetus Mass., 8 1, laetus Cke., 8 lateritius Lloyd, 8 oblectans Berk., 3 per durans Kalchbr., 3 2, perennis L. ex Fr., 1, 5 3, 5, 6 schzveinitzii, Fr. 7 perennis (L. ex Fr.) Murr., 2, 5, 6 spectabilis Fr., 7 salpincta (Cke.) G. H. Cunn., 2, G splendens Peck, 5 schweinitzii (Fr.) G. H. Cunn,, 2, 7 tabulaeformis Berk., 7 strigosa G. H. Cunn., 2, 4 Polystictus Fr., 1, 6 cinnamomeus (Jacq.) Sacc, 5 dependens (B. & C.) Sacc, 2 oblectans (Berk.) Cke., 3 perennis (L. ex Fr.) Karst., 5 salpinctus Cke., 6 schweinitzii ( F r . ) Karst., 7 Pycnoporellus Romellia Strilia Gray, 1 Trametes Oerst., 9 dependens (B. & C.) Bax., 2 Murr., 1, 8 Murr., 1

Coltriciella Murr., 1, 3 dependens (B. & C.) Murr., 2 Coriaria ruscifolia L., 8 Daedalea epigaea Levy, 7

Elseocarpus dentatus Vahl, 8 hookerianus Raoul, 8 Fomes laetus (Cke.) Lloyd, 8 Microporus Beauv., 1

Nothofagus fusca (Hook.f.) truncata (Col.) Ckn., 3 Onnia Karst., 1

Weinmannia racemosa L.f., 9 Xanthochrous Pat., 1 cinnamomeus (Jacq.) Pat., 5

"

PLATE I.

Fig. 1. Coltricia dependens, x 2. On left, hymenophore growing from margin of an older plant. Fig. 2. Coltricia cinnamomea, x 1. Gaespitose plants on left; on right, surface view of the hymenium. Fig. 3. Coltricia aureo-fulva, x 1. Surface of pileus showing developing cuticle (dark zone) near the base. Photographs, R. Hughes.

v

PLATE II.

Fig. 1. Coltricia oblectans, x 2. Caespitose specimens, showing surface of the pileus with appressed radiate-striate hairs. Fig. 2. Coltricia strigosa, x 1. Surface of pileus showing strigose hairs. Photographs, R. Hughes,

PLATE

III.

Fig. 1. Coltricia perennis, x 1. Specimen on left showing lanose surface of the pileus ; on right, caespitosa plants. Fig. 2. Coltricia salpincta, x 2. Pilei showing radiate-striate appressed hairs of the surface, and lateral stems. Photographs, R. Hughes.