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Microbiology

Alpha hemolysis
Green ring around colonies
Strep pneumonia
Strep viridans
Beta hemolysis
Clear area around colonies
Strep pyogens
Strep agalctica
Staph aureus
Listeria
Most common cause of UTI in female
E coli
Saprophyticus
kleibsiella
Subacute endocarditis
After dental. Viridans (mutans and sangunis)
After gi/gu procedure. Enterococci fecealis
Strep bovis. Endocarditis and colonic carcinoma
Strep agalactica cause meningitis and pneumonia in babies
Hippurate + and produce CAMP factor
Cornybacterium is club shaped
Anthrax only +ve whose capsule is of d -glutamate
Cereus. Emesis type with in 1 hour
Diarheal type in 8 hours
Listeria
Only + to produce endotoxin
Tumbling motility and actin rocket
Ampicillin DOC
Actino.
DOC pencillin
Nocardia.
DOC sulphonamide
False lositive ppd
Bcg vaccine
False negative ppd
Steroid
Sar oodosis
Malnutrition
Immunodeficient
Leprosy
Tuberculoid with th1 respinse
Dapsone and rifampin

Lepromatous with th2 respone


Add clofazimine
Gonorhea.
Ceftriaxone plus azithro
Meningococemia.
Ceftriaxone or pencillin G
H.influenza
Silver stain. Choclate ager require fa tor 5 and 10
Mucosal. Amoxicillin
Systemic. Ceftriaxone
Prophylaxis. Rifampicin
Aerosal transmission
Legionella
H.influenza
Motile
Listeria
Pseudomonas aregenosa
Paeudomonas
Motile
Aerobe
Oxidase +
Non lactose
Green pigment
Grape like ordour
Hot tub water follicukitis
Burn patients
Swimmer ear
C.F
Legionall
Lobar penumonia plus hyponatrrmia
Detected in urine
Milk
Yersenia
Campylobactor
Listeria
M.bovis
Club. Cornybacterium
Comma. Vibrio
Curved. H.pylori
Spiral. Spirochete
Gardenella
metro
clindamycin
All ricketsial and vector borne disease
Doxycyclin

Borelia. Ceftriaxone and doxycyclin


Syphilis
1 chancre
2 condylomata
3gumma
Benzathine pencillin
Late. I.v pencillin or ceftriaxone
Chlamydiae
Azithromycin amd doxycycline
Mycoplasma
Macrolide or flouroquinolone
Walking peumonia
Xray worst than patients health
Cold agglutination (
Rice water >cholera
Hamburgur >e coli
Reheated rice> bacillus cereus
Travellers diarrhea >ecoli
Burns>pseudomona
Air conditioner>ligeonella
Diabetics osteomyelitis>pseudomonas
Swimmers ear >pseudomonas
Malignant otitis externa pseudomonas
Alcohlics>klebsiella
Antibiotics prolong salmonella excretion in feces
Weil disease:leptospira
Hikers diarrhea :giardia
Cryptosporidium:nitazoxanide
Mostly diarrhea in Aids
owl eye inclusions cmv
Transmission
Transplacental transmissiom
Toxoplasmosis
CMV
Listeria
Trepenoma
Breast milk
Staph aureus
cMV
During birth
HBV
HIV
Strep agalctica
E coli
Chlamydia
Neiserria
Candida