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GTC/741/2015

SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND


COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

APPENDIX A
SCOPE OF WORKS AND SPECIFICATIONS
FOR
TENDER NO. GTC/741/2015
SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO
WINDINGS, 25 MVA TRANSFORMERS

Appendix-A

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GTC/741/2015
SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
A1. INTRODUCTION.........................................................................
A2. SCOPE OF WORK.......................................................................
A3. DESCRIPTION OF WORK............................................................
A4. TEST EQUIPMENT, TOOLS & MACHINERY..................................58
A5. DETAILED ENGINEERING & DOCUMENTATION.............................59
A6. CONTRACTORS PROJECT ORGANISATION...................................63
A7. ASSESSMENT OF SITE PERSONNEL...........................................68
A8. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA OF THE CONTRACTOR..............................69
A9. QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CERTIFICATE...........................70
A10.................................................................................... MOBILIZATION
70
A11................................HANDING OVER REMAINING MATERIALS TO KM
70
A12................................................................................... SAFETY RULES
71
A13............................................................................... SAFETY AT WORK
71
A14................................................................ PROJECT EXECUTION PLAN
72
A15......................................................................... METHOD STATEMENT
73
A16........................................................................ PROGRESS MEETINGS
73

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SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

A17............................ PROGRESS OF CONTRACT AND MONTHLY REPORT


74
A18............................................. DEFECTS CLEARANCE AND WARRANTY
74
A19........................................ IDENTITY OF CONTRACTORS PERSONNEL
75
A20...................................... SECURITY PASSES TO ENTER SUBSTATIONS
75
A21............................................................................... ACCESS TO SITES
75
A22............................................................................... WORKING HOURS
76
A23.................................................................................. WORKMANSHIP
76
A24......................DAMAGES TO SERVICES AND UTILITY INSTALLATIONS
76
A25............................................................ PRE- TENDERING SITE VISITS
76
A26.................................................................. DURATION OF CONTRACT
77
A27........................................................................... WARRANTY PERIOD
77
A28....................................................................... TECHNICAL SCHEDULE
77
A29........ANNEXURE 1: ITALTRAFO TRANSFORMER NAMEPLATE RATING
86
A30.............ANNEXURE 2: BRUSH TRANSFORMER NAMEPLATE RATING
87

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GTC/741/2015
SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

Note: Please refer to appendix F for related drawings ANNEXURE 3


and ANNEXURE 4.

APPENDIX A
SCOPE OF WORKS AND SPECIFICATIONS
A1.

INTRODUCTION

The 66/11 kV 25 MVA Power Transformers in the 22 Primary Substations


installed under MEW QTS Extensions up to 1981, have been completed
their expected service life of 30 years and exhibit poor health index.
From the study of these substations, taking into consideration the
replacement/upgrade plans of Planning (EP), two (2) no. 66/11kV, 20/25 MVA power
transformers are required action to maintain Transmission Network security at the
desired level of expectation.
The two (2) new 25MVA transformers will replace the existing 25MVA transformer Tx1
at KTS and TX1 at Naeeja East substations. The transformer shall operate in parallel
with the existing transformer at KTS Tx2 (make: 20/25 MVA ITALTRAFO, see
nameplate rating in Annexure 1) and at Naeeja East Tx2 (make: 25/30MVA BRUSH,
see nameplate rating in Annexure 2).
The Bidders are required to study the existing equipment, set-ups, O&M
Manuals and drawings and understand the Scope of Work, Specifications
and Bill of Quantities without ambiguity.

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COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

Brief description of the existing ITALTRAFO transformers to be replaced is


shown in the below table. Particular attention is required to OLTC/the tap
position with respective voltage values, 11kV Cable connections/chambers
dimensions, existing transformer foundation and Protection as the new
Transformer after installation shall be able to operate properly in parallel
with the existing Transformers.
Description
Rated Power
Type of Transformer
Cooling System
Make
Contract
Contract No.
Contractor
OLTC, Make & Model
Bushing CTs, Ratio

KTS Tx1 (Existing)

Naeeja East Tx1 (Existing)

20/25MVA
66kV Side turret bushing Type, Air insulated, Conservator
ONAN/ONAF
ITALTRAFO
MEW, Qatar Transmission System Extension up to 1981
7440/2
ANSALDO s.p.a
MR Type CIII

Please refer to Details in Section


(Protection & Telemetry Works)

A3.8

Gross weight of the


49,000 KG
complete transformer
Dimensions (mm):
Overall Height
4200
Height without bushing
2920
& Oil conservator
Overall length
6000
Length of skid base
4370
Width of skid base
1440
Vector Group
YNd1
66kV Cable connection
Between 66kV outdoor structure/sealing end bushing and Turret bushing
(transformer feeder)
insulator of the Tx : Circular copper pipe solid connection
11kV Cables
Between Tx & 11kV Switchgear incomer bay: 9 x 1 core, 11kV 630mm2
PILC, PVC insulated
Between Tx & ETx and connected with insulated glands: 1 x 3 core 70mm2
PILC
11kV Cable Boxes

Bitumen filled
HV DC Testing of 11kV
Not possible unless, 11kV Side of ETX is disconnected from 11kv box of ETX
Cables after complete
installation

A2.

SCOPE OF WORK

The Contract is divided in to two parts as follows.


Part 1: Supply of two (2) Units of 25MVA transformers and associated accessories
which shall comprise of the design, manufacture, shop testing, packing, transport,
insurance, unloading and storage on Site or at KM Store.
Part 2:

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SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

1. Replacement, Installations, testing and commissioning of two New


66/11kV, 20/25MVA Transformers at following S/S;
Tx1 Transformer at KTS
Tx1 Transformer at Naeja East S/S
2. Dismantle/removal of decommissioned/old 66/11 kV 25MVA Power
Transformers, and accessories, including lifting, transporting and delivery of
all re-usable items to KM Stores and non-re-usable to KM Scrap yard.
For Part 2, KM will determine the priority and decide whether to install the new
transformers on the above substations or to other priority/critical primary substation/s
as necessary.

A3.

DESCRIPTION OF WORK

The following sub clauses are included in the Contract.


A3.1

GENERAL

a) Supply and services of new transformers and associated accessories,


replacement, installation and connecting to the existing 66kV HV side, 11kV LV
side including Earthing Transformer, Neutral to the ground, Protection, Telecontrol
and Earthing of KM primary substations.
b) The transformers to be supplied shall be supplied from the below approved
vendor list:1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

ABB, Sweden/ Finland/ Italy/ Turkey/ Spain


Alstom, Turkey
Siemens, Germany(Nuernburg) Austria / Croatia (KPT)
Mistubishi, Japan
Toshiba,
Japan
Daihen,
Japan

7.
8.

Fuji, Japan
Hyundai, Korea

9.
10.

Iljin, Korea
Hyosung, Korea

c) Establishing the required organisation structure for the intended work.


d) All the required data of the transformer, control panels, protection schemes, asbuilt records, dimensional and civil layout drawings shall be collected by the
Contractor. The O&M Manuals of the installed equipment are available. However,
it is possible that some design and installation data important may be missing or
not available, which shall be met by the Contractor including the preparation of
drawings and documentation.
e) Providing the resources; Personnel, Machinery, tools & equipment and test
instruments.

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

f) Submitting Method Statements and obtaining Safety documents for the intended
work and ensuring safety during the work execution.
g) Disconnecting the old Transformers to 66kV HV side, 11kV LV side including
Earthing Transformer, Neutral to the ground, Protection, Telecontrol and Earthing
connections.
h) Removing and transporting the decommissioned/old transformers including the
associated equipment and local control cabinet to KM, Central Warehouse at
Salwa Industrial area for future use.
i) Providing a mobile electricity generating unit for the site work including the power
supply for electrical testing and inspection.
j) Erection and testing of the New Transformer and associated marshalling panel,
11kV cables & control circuits.
k) Pre-commissioning and commissioning tests including local/remote, SCADA and
DGCC, Protection tests, inter-trip and stability.
l) Submittals of documentation.
Note: All test results report should incorporate the acceptance criteria and
reference standard for every test with the assessment on the results, name of the
person performed the test, list of test equipment used with calibration due/dates
and etc.
m) General checks at the site and existing equipment
Comprehensive inspection and verification of the existing transformer, associated
marshalling panel and sites in the specified substation which include as minimum;
1. Physical considerations relating to; equipment sizes, alignment, reconnecting
of 66 kV connections with fittings, cables/box and connections of HV & LV
side of the existing Transformer, clearance/distances to other items of plant
for safe operation and maintenance, Electrical Safety clearances, physical
size and load bearing capacity of the plinth, access availability, etc.
2. Thorough inspection of Control equipment, Relay panels, protection,
Telecontrol/control interfaces, Earthing, On load Tap changer, 11 kV Cable
termination, connection, dimensions/clearances, lugs and terminals, electrical
switches, etc.
3. Ground for positioning of lifting tackle and heavy machinery, access
availability, substations perimeter fence and main gate.
4. Existing Marshalling Panel, foundation/location, its control cables, AC/DC
supply, conditions and connections.

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

5. The operation of the existing OLTC control panel and AVRs in the control
room which to be retained for proper paralleling of the two transformers;
One (1) new transformer each to operate in parallel with the existing
transformer in KTS Tx2 and at the other one (1) in Naeeja East Tx2.
6. The existing OLTC taps with corresponding equivalent voltage values in
transformer Tx2 at KTS and in Naeeja East.
Note : At Naeeja East Tx2 (25/30MVA BRUSH);
OLTC voltage tap/position was already modified to match
with the ITALTRAFO.
Impedance Voltage @ 25MVA (ONAN) is 10.81%
n) Any other work not included above but deemed necessary to achieve the project
objective.
A3.2

SUPPLY OF NEW POWER TRANSFORMERS

The supply and services for the new transformers and associated voltage control,
11kV compound-filled cable box, marshalling kiosk and terminations to be performed
by the Contractor and shall comprise the design, manufacture, shop testing, packing,
transport, insurance, unloading, storage on Site, erection, corrosion protection,
submission of documentation, commissioning, training of KAHRAMAAs personnel and
warranty of the works.
The Contractor is bound to provide complete works, even if the equipment or services
to be provided are not specifically mentioned in the specification.
Compliance with Codes and Standards:
Unless otherwise specified, the transformer shall comply with the latest
issues of the IEC publications as mentioned under
IEC 60076-1
IEC 60076-2
IEC 60076-3

Power transformers, General


Power transformers, Temperature rise
Power transformers, Insulation levels, dielectric tests and
external clearances in air
IEC 60076-5
Power transformers, Ability to withstand short circuit
IEC 60076-10 Power transformers, Determination of sound levels
IEC 60137
Insulated bushings for alternating voltages above 1000 V
IEC 60214
On-load tap-changers
IEC 60354
Loading guide for oil-immersed power transformers
IEC 60529
Degrees of protection provided by enclosures
IEC 61639
Direct connection between power transformers and gasinsulated metal-enclosed switchgear for rated voltages 72.5 kV
and above
IEC 60071
Insulation Coordination
IEC 60404-2 Method of measurement of magnetic properties of

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SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
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MVA TRANSFORMERS

IEC 60542
NEMA TR1

magnetic sheet & strip.


Application guide for on-load tap changers
Transformers, regulators and reactors [for audible sound
levels]

General
a) The transformer size and weight should matched with the existing ITALTRAFO
Transformer, given that, the HV, LV, HV Neutral connections and transformer
plinth/foundation will be retained in its present condition. Also, the working
clearance and electrical clearance from the existing Earthing transformer (ETx)
and 66kV CSE/structure shall be maintained.
Note: The height and location of the new transformer 11kV cable box including
type of termination/cable lugs shall be carefully considered in the design since
deviation can lead to shortage of length of PILC cable from 11kV switchgear and
ETx.
b) Other required technical specifications/data for the specified transformers are
shown in Section A29. (TECHNICAL SCHEDULE).
c) Two winding, three phase, oil immersed, core type transformer for outdoor
installation.
d) The transformers shall be suitable for continuous operation on a three-phase
50Hz high voltage transmission system as specified in the Technical Schedules.
e) Shall comply with the requirements of the schedules and standards listed above
and other relevant IEC standards.
f) The transformers shall have all necessary protections as in the existing ones such
as Main tank Buchholz relay, Diverter switch surge relay, Oil and Winding
temperature, Main tank & OLTC Pressure relief Devices, etc.
g) Method of Earthing
1. HV winding Solid
2. LV winding via existing Earthing Transformer of 11/0.415kV
h) The New Txs shall be provided with CTs (66kV Bushing Main CTs, 66kV NCTs
etc) identical with existing transformer CTs in all aspects to meet the requirements
of Protection schemes.
The current transformers shall be bushing type current transformer and their
specifications shall be as per the existing ones as mention in Section A3.8
Protection Works :
1. Bushing CTs shall be provided external to the Transformer Tank.

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

2. For both the transformer Winding (HV & LV) temperature purpose, CT ratio,
class and burden shall be suitable to the temperature gauge provided by the
contractor/manufacturer.
3. The transformer bushings creepage distance shall be typical to the existing.
i) Transformers and associated equipment shall be designed in such a manner as to
meet the requirements, Technical Schedules and ambient site conditions.
Therefore the temperature-rise limits given in IEC 60076-2 and IEC 60354 (i.e.
hotspot) shall be reduced by 10K.
j) Transformers shall meet the latest stage of development reached in design,
construction and materials.
k) The transformers and all associated facilities (e.g. tap-changer) shall have the
ability to withstand the effects of short-circuit currents, defined as symmetrical
short circuit current in the Technical Schedules, when operating on any tapping
position according to requirements of IEC 60076-5.
l) All metal parts of the transformer with the exception of the individual core
laminations, core bolts and associated individual side plates shall be maintained
at the same fixed potential.
m) The earthing structure shall be designed to carry, without damage, the maximum
possible earth fault current for a duration of at least equal to the short circuit
withstand period of the main windings.
n) The design and manufacture of the transformers and auxiliary plant shall be such
that the noise level is at a minimum and that the level of vibration does not
adversely affect any clamping or produce excessive stress in any material. The
transformer manufacturer shall consider the existing foundation to ensure
adequate design of the transformer mounting structure.
o) If required by KAHRAMAA, the transformers shall be subject to vibration tests.
Where noise measurements are specified, they shall be made at the
Manufacturers works in the presence of KAHRAMAA. The average surface noise
level of each transformer shall not be greater than that specified in NEMA TR1.
Measurements shall be in accordance with IEC 60076-10.
p) The transformers shall be designed with particular attention to the suppression of
harmonic currents, especially the third and fifth, so as to minimize interference
with communications circuits. The transformers shall be designed to ensure that
leakage flux does not cause overheating in any part of the transformer.
q) The Ventilation system in the transformer cells shall be well sized. The
transformer manufacturer in coordination with ventilation designer shall furnish the
calculation of heat dissipated by transformer and provision provided for ventilation
of transformer cells.

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

r) All equipment and associated components, terminal boards etc mounted on the
transformer external to the tank shall be designed such that they will not malfunction during inclement weather as occasioned in the State of Qatar.
Accessories, wiring and components, gaskets that are sensitive to UV radiation
shall be protected against direct sunlight.
s) External earthing with proper copper jumpers shall be provided at all gasket joints
in the transformer such as radiator connection with the main tank. All copper
jumpers shall be flexible bread conductor. Jumpers shall be tin platted.
Magnetic Circuit
a) The core shall be built up of high-grade, non-ageing, low-loss, highpermeability grain oriented steel sheets. Both sides of each steel sheet
shall be insulated with a durable, hot oil and heat resistant baked
enamel varnish or other chemical treatment.
b) The cores shall be clamped and braced to withstand, without damage
or deformation, the forces caused by short-circuit stresses,
transportation, or handling, and to prevent the shifting of the core
laminations. The bolts, nuts, and end plates of the assembly and clamp
structure shall be of a nonmagnetic type, and shall be effectively
insulated and locked so that they ensure an even pressure on the whole
core assembly and are not loosened by vibrations caused by transport
and operation.
c) The supporting framework of the cores shall be designed to avoid the
presence of pockets which could prevent complete draining of the tank
or cause the trapping of air when filling during service.
d) Particular care shall be given to the design and construction of the corner joints
between columns and yokes to avoid concentration of mechanical and magnetic
stresses whilst allowing an easy dismantling of the joint for maintenance at site.
e) Adequate metallic bridges shall be provided between the core lamination packets
in order to keep all portions of the core assembly at the same potential.
f) Lifting eyes or lugs shall be provided at suitable points of the core assembly.
g) The core shall be earthed to the clamping structure at one point only through a
removable link with a captive bolt and nut, accessibly placed beneath an
inspection housing on the tank cover or tank wall. All earthing connections with
the exception of those from individual core clamping rings, shall have a cross
sectional area of not less than 80 mm 2. Connections inserted between laminations
shall have a cross sectional area of not less than 20 mm 2.

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

h) The core shall be free from over fluxing liable to cause damage or to cause mal
operation of the protection equipment when the transformer is operating under the
continuous overvoltage condition specified in the Technical Schedules. Under this
steady overvoltage condition the maximum flux density must not exceed 1.9 Tesla
and the magnetizing current must not exceed 5 per cent of the rated load current
at normal rated voltage.
i) The magnetic circuit shall be insulated from all structural parts and shall be
capable to withstand a test voltage of 2kV for 1 min. to core bolt (if any) and
tank/frame.
j) Core and Core clamps shall be insulated from each other and from the main body
with a minimum of 2kV (ac) for 1 min. insulation. Leads from core and clamp shall
be brought outside to facilitate single point earthing through a disconnecting link
and shall have a protective cover. Disconnecting Link shall be arranged in such a
way that It shall be possible to check the insulation resistance of Core to Earth,
Clamp to earth and Core to Clamp. Core and Clamp shall also be identified using
durable stainless steel labels.
Windings
a) The windings shall be of high conductivity electrolytic copper. Paper shall be used
for conductor insulation.
b) The conductors shall be transposed at sufficient intervals to minimize eddy
currents and equalize the current and temperature distribution along the winding.
Coils shall be constructed to avoid abrasion of the insulation, (e.g. on transposed
conductors), allowing for the expansion and contraction set up by the changes of
temperature or the vibration encountered during normal operation.
c) Windings shall be so designed as to obtain an optimal value for series and shunt
capacities in order to ensure a favourable distribution of the voltage for full impulse
waves and chopped impulse waves.
d) Leads from winding to bushings shall be adequately supported to prevent damage
from vibration and short-circuit forces.
e) Permanent current-carrying joints or splices shall be welded or braced, properly
formed, finished and insulated to avoid concentration of dielectric stresses. The
windings shall be subjected to a thorough shrinking and seasoning process.
Compensation devices shall be provided for possible further shrinkage of the coils
in service.
f) The coils, windings and leads shall be sufficiently braced and fastened to form
rigid assemblies, preventing any relative movement due to transport, vibrations or
other circumstances that may occur in service.

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

g) The windings shall be designed to reduce to a minimum the out-of-balance forces


inherent in the transformers. Tappings shall be arranged at such positions on the
windings as will preserve, as far as possible, electro-magnetic balance at all
voltage ratios.
h) Tappings shall not be brought out from the inside of a coil nor from inter-mediate
turns.
i) The winding shall be capable of withstanding the forces to which it is subjected
under all conditions, particularly the forces due to a short circuit between terminals
or between any terminal and earth, with full voltage maintained on all other
windings intended for connection to external sources of supply and allowing for
any feed back through windings connected to rotating machines.
j) The assembled core and windings shall be dried in a vacuum to ensure proper
moisture removal.
Tank
a) The transformer tank shall be of welded construction with bolted cover, fabricated
from high tensile strength steel plate.
b) The tank shall be of adequate strength so that, when containing the core plus coil
assembly and fully oil filled, any packing, lifting, rolling and handling shall not
cause overstressing of any part of the tank or leakage. The main tank body, tap
changing compartments, radiators and associated piping facilities shall be
capable of withstanding full vacuum when empty of oil.
c) Oil leakage test shall be carried out on each unit at oil pressure on conservator at
35kN/sq.m or 69kN/sq.m at bottom whichever is more stringent.
d) Each tank shall be provided with minimum of four jacking pads conveniently
located to allow the raising or lowering of the completely mounted and oil filled
transformer. The load carrying capacity of each jacking pad shall not be less than
50% of the total weight of the transformer. Lifting eyes or lugs for lifting the
complete transformer and tank cover and facilities for the pulling and pushing of
the transformer in any direction shall be provided for each unit. Tank stiffeners and
mounting brackets shall be continuously welded to the tank.
e) Wherever possible, the transformer tank and its accessories shall be designed
without pockets wherein gas may collect. Where pockets cannot be avoided,
pipes shall be provided to vent the gas into the main expansion pipe. The vent
pipes shall have a minimum inside diameter of 20mm and, if necessary, shall be
protected against mechanical damage.

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

f) The shape and arrangement of the tank cover and external stiffeners shall permit
rainwater and desert sand to flow easily and completely to the ground. All oil-tight
joints shall be made with machined flanges and approved types of gasket. The
gaskets shall be tight under all conditions, especially against the hot oil (synthetic
rubber or neoprene-bonded cork is not permitted). Means shall be provided to
prevent over compression of the gaskets.
g) The tank cover shall be fitted with thermometer pockets, for oil and winding
temperature indicators, with a captive screw cap and be located in the position of
maximum oil temperature at continuous maximum rating. All thermometer
temperature sensing devices shall be removable type along with heating elements
for the purpose of calibration at site.
h) Power transformers shall be equipped with bolted type manholes and hand-holes
of suitable size to facilitate installation, maintenance (i.e. tap changers, current
transformers, bushing etc) and inspection of bushings and windings. All openings
in the cover of the transformer tank for bushings, manholes and terminal shall be
provided with adequate flanges. Covers for inspection openings, hand-holes etc.
located on the tank cover shall be provided with adequate gas stoppers (air
release plugs). All inspection covers etc. shall be provided with lifting handle. It
must be possible to remove any bushing completely without removing the tank
cover. The tank cover and all covers for mounting, cleaning, manholes, handholes
and inspection openings on tank etc. shall be earthed by suitable copper
grounding conductors of the flexible type having a minimum cross section of 95
sq.mm. Appropriate earthing studs of stainless steel with bolts and washers shall
be provided.
i) Terminals shall be provided close to each corner at the base of the tank for
earthing purposes and each shall be designed to meet system fault levels.
j) The transformers shall be provided with a tank access ladder made of galvanized
mild steel with lockable hinged door securely fixed onto the tank cover and lower
parts of the tank. Ladder shall be provided with hand rails of min 100 cm length at
the upper end. Hand rails shall be rigidly fixed on the ladders and onto the
transformer tank. The hand rails (side rails) of the ladder shall be made from
tubes/rods of suitable cross section, convenient to be held firmly while climbing.
Flat metal strips are not acceptable. If the distance between the ladder and tank
cover exceeds 4 cm an appropriate platform (e.g. Grating securely fixed in a rigid
mounting frame) with hand rails as specified above shall be provided.

Labels and Plates

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COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

a) The nameplate indicates the name of manufacturer, type, serial number, year of
manufacture, main characteristics, and all further information that may be
necessary for a precise identification of the equipment.
b) Labels and nameplates identification shall be made of stainless steel not less than
2.5 mm thick with a matt or satin finish to avoid dazzle from reflected light and
engraved with black lettering of a size which is legible from the working level.
c) Each phase of the transformer pole and connections shall be colored in an
approved manner to distinguish phase or polarity. Phases of three phase
alternating current systems shall be identified as follows: Phase
Colour
R
Red
Y
Yellow
B
Blue
d) The following plates shall be fixed to the tank at an approximate height of 1.75 m
above the ground level:
1. A rating plate bearing the data specified in IEC 60076.
2. Following additional information shall be provided in the transformer rating
plate:
Iron loss in kW
Copper loss in kW
Magnetising current in %
HV winding resistance (ohm/ phase)
LV winding resistance (ohm/ phase)
Impedance on nominal tap, max tap and min tap position
3. A diagram plate on which the transformer tapping voltages in kilovolts shall
also be indicated for each tap, together with the transformer impedances at
minimum and maximum voltage ratios and for the principal tapping.
4. A property plate of approved design and wording. Name of the Client as
QATAR GENERAL ELECTRICITY & WATER CORPORATION
(KAHRAMAA) preferably in bold letters.
5. A title plate. Name of the project and contract number e.g. GTC/741/2015,
Supply, Replacement, Installations and Commissioning of New
66/11kV, Two Windings 20/25 MVA Transformers, preferably in bold
Letters.

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

6. A valve location plate showing the location status (close/open) during


normal service condition and function of all valves, drain and air release
plugs and oil and gas sampling devices.
7. Identification plates, including function and device number, for fans, motors
and measuring / indicating devices
Valves
a) Valves shall be of the fully sealing full-way type and shall be opened by turning
counter-clockwise when facing the hand wheel. They shall be suitable for
operation between the minimum ambient and the maximum oil temperatures
stated in the Schedules. All valves shall be lockable with appropriate submaster
series padlocks.
b) Padlocks & Key Box shall be provided for locking all valves in the open and
closed positions.
c) Valves other than filter and drain valves shall be provided with an indicator, readily
visible from ground level, to show clearly the position of the valve. All valves shall
have tags attached to it permanently clearly indicating its position (i.e close /
open) in normal service condition of the transformer.
d) All valve hand wheels shall be fitted with nameplates that shall be chromium
plated brass not less than 3 mm thick with the engraving filed with enamel. All
valves shall be fitted with spoked handwheels, the spokes and rims of which shall
be smooth and where necessary, for appearance, shall be chromium plated.
e) Transformer tank shall be fitted at least with the following:
1. One 50 mm valve at the top and one 50 mm valve at the bottom of the tank,
mounted diagonally opposite each other, for connection to oil circulating and
oil filtering equipment. The lower valve shall also function as a drain valve,
for which a suitable combine arrangement shall be made.
2. Oil sampling devices at the top and bottom of the main tank compatible for
DGA syringe sampling. The top sampling valve shall be accessible from
ground level.
3. All parts containing oil, and liable to trap air during filling, shall be fitted with a
flanged type air release plug at their highest point.
4. Valves shall be provided on both sides of the gas and oil actuated relays.
f) All valves opening to atmosphere shall be fitted with blanking plates.
Padlocks and Key Cabinet
a) Non-ferrous padlocks with stainless steel shanks with different key
changes and two keys for each lock and submaster as per standard
practices of KAHRAMAA shall be provided.

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

b) Wall mounted lockable cabinets for the accommodation of padlocks and


keys, whilst not in use, shall be provided and labeled in an approved
manner so that keys can be easily identified.
c) All padlocks and keys shall be engraved with proper identification
numbers e.g., circuit number, equipment number, etc. as per
KAHRAMAA standard numbering scheme.
d) Locking facilities shall be such that it will accept sizes of padlocks &
keys large enough to permit identification numbers, etc. to be
embossed on them.
Conservator
a) Transformers shall be fitted with an oil conservator.
b) The conservator shall be made of welded steel. It shall be designed to withstand
full vacuum. The conservator shall be of sufficient volume to enable expansion
and contraction of oil within the highest and lowest oil levels in the conservator.
c) The conservator vessel shall be mounted at the highest point of the oil system and
shall be connected to the highest point of the tank through a straight sloping pipe.
Adequate isolating valves shall permit the removal of the main and tap-changer
Buchholz relays while the conservator is still connected to the tank by a pipe
bypassing the relays.
d) The conservator vessel shall contain two compartments, one for oil in the main
tank and the other for the oil associated with the current making and breaking
contacts of the tap change equipment. There shall be no communication between
the two compartments in respect of the oil and air spaces. Each compartment
shall be provided with the fittings detailed in this clause as if it were a separate
conservator vessel.
e) Each conservator shall include a synthetic diaphragm (or equivalent, e.g. an
airbag) ensuring an airtight seal between the transformer oil and the external air. A
description of the proposed system shall be submitted with Tender. Inspection
windows shall be provided for checking the diaphragm surface. Additionally, the
air outlet from each conservator vessel or its compartment shall be connected to a
dehumidifying breather mounted at approximately 1.4 m above the ground level.
f) For the conservator provided with an air bag suitable valves shall be provided for
releasing air pockets from both sides of the conservator. These two valves may be
kept on top of the conservator.

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

g) A ladder shall be provided and fixed permanently to allow access to the top of the
conservator. The ladder design shall be to have safe and easy access to the top
of the conservator.
h) Dehumidifying breathers shall be conventional type. Refrigerant type breathers
such as Drycol not acceptable. Breathers shall be fitted with oil traps and contain a
minimum of 2.5 kg. of silica gel. Breather compartments and oil cup shall be
made of glass. The breather and associated pipework shall be firmly fixed to the
transformer tank.
i) Each conservator compartment shall be equipped with filling valve, drain valve,
lifting lugs, etc. The main tank conservator with or without air bag shall be fitted
with a gauge glass or universal oil indicator other than magnetic oil level gauge.
An oil level gauge complete with low-level alarm shall be fitted to each
conservator. The indicated minimum oil level shall occur when the feed pipe to the
main tank is covered with not less than 12 mm depth of oil. The oil levels at 15 oC,
35oC and 90oC shall be marked on the gauge. The oil level indicator of the
magnetic oil level gauge(s) shall be calibrated in such a way that its position at 90
degree level corresponds to approximately half level of oil. The location, angle of
mounting, dial size and marking of dial type indicator shall be such that the oil
level is clearly visible from the ground level
j) The front cover of all gauges shall be made of glass. Size of text/indications shall
be such that it can be visible from ground.
Transformer Oil
a) The transformer oil shall comply with latest IEC 60296 and other relevant IEC
standards if not otherwise stated in this Tender Documents.
b) The oil shall be a highly refined uninhibited mineral naphthenic oil suitable for use
as an insulating and cooling medium in transformers. The oil shall be free from
corrosive sulphur, PCB, DBDS (dibenzyl disulphide), Antioxidant, passivator, metal
deactivator and other additives.
c) Each containers of oil shall be tested for its Full Chemical Analysis including
oxidation stability, according to IEC 60296, before shipment from the factory and
the reports shall be submitted along with Factory Acceptance Test reports of the
transformer. The supplier shall also furnish the compliance certificate for additives
as per IEC 60296-2003 (5.4-c).
d) The oil used during impregnation process in the factory shall also be the same as
specified above.
e) Before filling the oil in the transformer it shall be degassed and tested for BDV,
water content, Dissipation factor, oxidation stability and other relevant tests to
meet these requirements according to IEC60296.

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

f) After filling the oil in the transformer and prior to energization, it shall be tested for
BDV, water content, dissipation factor, oxidation stability and other relevant tests to
meet the requirement of oil in service according to IEC60422.
Cooler Control
a) Each motor or group of motors shall be provided with a three-pole electrically
operated contactor and with control gear of approved design for starting and
stopping manually.
b) Where forced cooling is used on transformers, provision shall be included under
this contract for automatic starting and stopping from contacts on the winding
temperature indicating devices. The control equipment shall be provided with a
short time delay device to prevent the starting of more than one motor, or group of
motors in the case of multiple cooling, at a time.
c) Where motors are operated in groups the group protection shall be arranged so
that it will operate satisfactorily in the event of a fault occurring in a single motor.
d) The control arrangements are to be designed to prevent the starting of motors
totalling more than 15 kW simultaneously either manually of automatically. Phase
failure relays are to be provided in the main cooler supply circuit.
e) All contacts and other parts that may require periodic renewal, adjustment or
inspection shall be readily accessible.
f) All wiring for the control gear accommodated in the marshalling kiosk together with
all necessary cable boxes and terminations and all wiring between the marshalling
kiosk and the motors shall be included in the contract.
g) The control circuit diagram for cooler control shall be marked on a stainless steel
plate with black enamel engraving and shall be fixed in the cooler control
marshalling kiosk. A rigid aluminium pocket for storing the related paper drawings
shall be securely fixed on the inner side of the door of this cabinet.
Cooling Plant
a) The transformer shall be ONAN/ONAF cooled. Where forced air-cooling is
provided it shall be possible to remove the fan, complete with its motor and
supporting structure without disturbing or dismantling the cooler framework or
pipework.
b) The cooling fans shall be mounted on the side of the radiators. Fans shall be
numbered and have clearly marked direction of rotation. Stainless steel wire mesh
guards shall be provided to prevent accidental contact with the fan blades. Metal
guards shall also be provided over all other moving parts. The guards shall be

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

designed so that neither the blades nor other moving parts can be touched by a
Standard Test Finger to IEC 60947-1.
c) Control of cooling shall be provided at the marshalling kiosk or cubicle with
facilities for the selection of automatic or manual control of the cooling plant
motors and remote indication/alarms.
d) Radiators and coolers shall be hot dip galvanized, before painting; their design
shall be such as to allow ease of cleaning and painting when in position. Design
features offering reduced maintenance requirements such as unpainted radiators
(i.e. galvanised only) may be acceptable if there is no visual impact and if the
manufacturer can demonstrate long-term and trouble-free experience with this
finish in similar environments. If the manufacturer wishes to offer unpainted
radiators for consideration, it must be stated clearly in the tender documents.
e) Detachable radiators connected to the main tank shall be provided with machined
flanged inlet and outlet pipes.
Voltage Control
a) The transformer shall be equipped with an on-load tap-changer (OLTC) on the
high voltage winding.
b) The on-load tap-changer shall comply with the requirements of IEC 60214 and
other relevant IEC standards if not otherwise specified in these Specifications. It
shall be possible for the power to flow in both directions.
c) The OLTC shall be based on the Jensen principles and shall feature lowmaintenance characteristics, preferably with belt-type (oil-free) transmission gear.
Leading European or Japanese manufacturers of international standing shall
provide the OLTC; units from recent licensees are not acceptable. (The On Load
Tap Changer shall be of MR make)
d) The diverter switch unit shall be placed in a separate gas tight compartment,
which shall be, like the whole tap-changer, integrated in the transformer tank (intank mounting). OLTC shall be maintenance free vacuum type.
e) The diverter switch shall have an oil system completely separated from other
transformers oil and shall be equipped with a conservator, pressure relief device
with alarm/trip contacts and other devices stated for the main tank. A separate gas
actuated / surge protection relay is to be provided in the connection between the
on-load tap-changer tank and conservator. Each diverter and/or selector switch
shall be equipped with an internal suction pipe led to the ground of the
compartment and to be connected to an external drain, filter and sampling valve
mounted at a convenient floor height.

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

f) The diverter switch compartment shall be easily accessible for inspection and it
shall be possible to remove the diverter switch without difficulties for maintenance
purposes. The inspection and maintenance of the diverter switch shall be possible
without lowering the oil level in the main tank.
g) One set of lifting device shall be supplied to facilitate removal of the tap-changer
unit. Necessary attachment facilities shall be incorporated in the main tank design.
h) Any enclosed compartment not oil-filled shall be adequately ventilated and
designed to prevent the ingress of vermin and moisture.
i) All contactors, relay coils or other parts shall be suitably protected against
corrosion or deterioration due to condensation. Means shall be provided to ensure
that the operating mechanism can be locked only when the switches are making
full contact.
j) The motor shall comply with IEC 60034 and dimensions with IEC 60072. It shall
be capable of operating continuously under actual service conditions without
exceeding the specified temperature increases, determined by resistance, at any
frequency between 48 and 51 Hertz together with any voltage between 5 percent
of the nominal value.`
Motor shall have insulation to Class F standards for ambient
temperature of 50C. The temperature rise shall be restricted to
that associated with Class B insulation. Where the motor may be
appreciably affected by conducted heat the class of insulation
shall be subject to approval.

The motor shall be suitable for direct starting at full voltage and
shall have sealed ball or roller bearings.

The driving motor shall be rated for 415/240 V a.c. and shall be equipped
with thermal overload and over current protection to be installed in the
motor drive cubicle. Control voltage inside the motor drive cubicle shall be
from the station control supply of 110V. D.C. Limit switches shall be
provided to prevent the tap-changer mechanism overrunning. These shall
be directly connected to the operating motor circuit. In addition, mechanical
stops shall be fitted to prevent the mechanism overrunning under any
conditions. For on-load tap-changer equipment these stops shall withstand
the full torque of the driving mechanism without damage to the tap
changing equipment. The terminals of the operating motor shall be clearly
and permanently inscribed with numbers corresponding to those on the
leads attached thereto.

k) A device shall be fitted to the tap changing mechanism to indicate the number of
operations completed by the equipment. The control circuit diagram shall be
marked on a stainless steel plate with black enamel engraving and shall be fixed

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

in the OLTC control box. A rigid aluminium pocket for storing the related paper
drawings shall be securely fixed on the inner side of the door of this cabinet.
l) The tap-changer shall be arranged for local hand and electrical operation, remote
electrical operation and for automatic control.
m) Equipment for local and remote electrical and local hand operation shall comply
with the following conditions:
1. It shall not be possible to operate the electric drive when the hand
operating gear is in use;
2. It shall not be possible for any two electrical control points to be in
operation at the same time;
3. Each step movement shall require separate initiation at the control point;
4. All electrical control switches and the local operation gear shall be clearly
labelled in an approved manner to indicate the direction of tap changing;
5. The remote or supervisory-remote raise/lower control shall be blocked
when the AVC selector is in automatic position;
6. The local control switches shall be housed in the marshalling kiosk. These
switches shall be so arranged that it is necessary for the AVC selector to
be in a non-automatic position and the local/remote selector switch,
located in the transformer marshalling kiosk, to be in the local: position
before operation is possible. Under these conditions the local selector
switch shall have overriding control. If the local/remote switch is not in
local position, then local operation of tap-changer shall not be possible.
7. The local tap changer control panel shall be provided with sunshades.
n) The equipment shall be arranged so as to ensure that when a step movement has
been commenced it shall be completed independently of the operation of the
control relays or switches or failure of auxiliary supply or any other contingency.
o) The control and signaling equipment shall be provided:
1. To give an indication mechanically at the transformer and electrically at the
remote control point of the tapping in use. The indicator at the transformer
shall show the number of tapping in use and the indicator at the remote
control point shall show clearly the actual voltage ratio in kilovolts and the
tap number representing this ratio. The numbers shall range from 1
upwards. Position 1 shall refer to the minimum LV no-load voltage and the
highest number position shall refer to the maximum LV no-load voltage, for
the nominal HV voltage. For a constant HV voltage, the LV Voltage shall
increase as the tap number of the tap changer is increased and vice
versa.
2. To give an indication at the remote control point that a tap change is in
progress by means of an illuminated lamp and alarm buzzer. If the tap
change is not completed within the specified time the buzzer shall continue
to sound until switched off by hand but the lamp shall remain illuminated
until the tap change is completed.
3. To give an indication at the remote control point by means of an approved
illuminated indicator and the buzzer alarm as described above when the
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MVA TRANSFORMERS

units of a group of transformers arranged to operate in parallel are


operating at different ratios.
4. To read with digital circuit voltmeter based on L.C.D. displays.
p) The MDU shall be compatible with the existing AVR.
q) All equipment shall be suitable for operation within the limits 85% / 110% of the
auxiliary voltage supply. In the event of the reference supply voltage being outside
the specified operating limits the voltage control relay shall initiate an alarm and
block further operation of the tap-changer until voltage is restored.
Terminal marking and Equipment Designation
a) Phase & Neutral Terminal Marking : Phase markings shall be N-R-Y-B (from
left) for HV when facing the transformer from HV side. For LV, phase markings
shall be n-r-y-b (from left) when facing the transformer from HV side.
b) Equipment Designation: All Power Transformers and station auxiliary
transformers shall be identified with letters assigned by Kahramaa for various
voltage levels.
Terminations
Test taps of HV bushings rated shall be provided outside the cable boxes to facilitate
the measurement of dielectric dissipation factor and capacitance of bushings if test
taps are easily accessible from outside.
Air Insulated Termination Bushing (AIS) 66kV
a) Termination bushings shall be resin impregnated paper type or oil impregnated
paper type with a power factor test tapping and porcelain(1) external insulator, in
accordance with IEC 60137.
b) All bushings and connecting leads shall have a minimum current rating of at least
120% the maximum line current in order to accommodate IEC 60354/IEC 60076-7
loading.
c) Routine power frequency test levels on bushings shall be at a test voltage at least
10% higher than the Induced/Applied values applied to the transformer.
d) Porcelain insulators shall be brown glazed with aerodynamic shed form (multiple
plain shed or alternating long/short plain shed) in accordance with IEC 60233 and
IEC 60815. The shed form creepage to pitch ratio shall not exceed 4:1. Evidence
shall be submitted that the insulator profiles have been pollution tested in
conditions appropriate to those of the project, or as per IEC 60137 whichever is
higher.

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MVA TRANSFORMERS

e) Careful considerations with the height of the old transformer primary


turret bushings where the existing 66kV outdoor structure/sealing end
bushings with the circular copper pipe connections will be retained
including terminal pad connector.
66 kV Neutral Connections
Neutral terminations shall be via to existing Neutral cables 1 x 300mm 2 or will be
replaced if found defective or may be short or the terminations may have to be
modified (See drawing of existing 66kV primary winding neutral connection in
Annexure 3 of appendix F).
11KV Compound-Filled Cable Box
a) The 11kV LV side of the transformer compound-filled cable box, shall be identical
with the existing 11kV compound-filled cable box of the existing ITALTRAFO
transformer. The term compound-filled includes bituminous, oil-based and oilresin filling mediums. The new compound-filled cable box shall be adopted to the
existing PILC cables terminations/ location going to existing Earthing Transformer
and 11kV switchgear (site inspection/actual verification is required, see drawing
of existing 11kv compound-filled /cable box in Annexure 4 of appendix F).
b) Cable boxes shall include filling, expansion and breather. In addition, a drain valve
shall be provided for filling mediums that remain liquid at normal ambient
temperatures.
c) Where compound-filled boxes are specified, an oil-filled disconnecting chamber is
for the 11kV connections between the transformer 11kV and the cable box with a
bolted, flexible removable links shall also be provided for testing purposes. A
barrier shall be provided on both sides of the disconnecting chamber to prevent
ingress of the oil used for filling the chamber into the cable box or the transformer
tank.
d) The oil level in the disconnecting chamber shall be maintained from the main
conservator tank. Provision shall be made in the cable box to allow for the
expansion of the compound-filling medium.
Protection, Measuring and Indicating Devices
a) The power transformers shall be equipped with several protection, measuring and
indicating devices supplied by the transformer manufacturer:
1. Buchholz relay shall be fitted to transformer main tank, and on each
compartment where oil is separated from the other oil in the transformer.

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2. Diverter switch chamber shall be equipped with an oil surge actuated relay.
b) They shall have:
1. Alarm contacts which close when gas collects or at low oil level;
2. Tripping contacts which close following an oil surge, and gas collection in
the 2nd stage.
3. The normally open, electrically separate, alarm and tripping contacts shall
not be exposed to oil.
4. The buchholz device shall be provided with suitable gate valves (butterfly
valves is not acceptable) on both sides of the device to facilitate easy
service. Distances of such valve shall be minimum 500mm from the
buchholz relay.
5. By-pass with control valves shall be provided to enable oil to by-pass the
buchholz device during oil filtration.
6. Each relay shall be provided with a test cock to take a flexible pipe
connection for checking the operation of the relay from ground level.
c) Winding temperature indicators (WTI) shall be associated with one phase only
both on HV and LV side.
d) One indicator shall basically serve as a thermometer for winding temperature,
mounted in the control cubicle. It shall be of conventional construction with a
sensing bulb positioned in a separate pocket, arranged in the top oil capillary
connected with a dial. A separate pointer to register the maximum temperature
reached shall be incorporated in the dial. Adjustable contacts for cooling control,
trip and alarms shall be provided.
e) The control of the cooling fans/pumps shall be from the contacts of conventional
WTI. Fan start & stop and Alarm & Trip setting calculation of the Winding and Oil
Temperature indicators shall be submitted to KAHRAMAA for review and
approval.
f) The characteristics of the winding temperature indication devices shall be
forwarded to KAHRAMAA for approval prior to the delivery of the transformers and
shall also be included in the operating and maintenance instructions.
g) All indicating instruments shall have hard glass font covers.
h) An engraved stainless steel plate shall be provided, containing Alarm and Trip
Setting temperatures of Oil & winding temperatures Indicators and Hot Spot
gradient setting also. This shall be suitably located in front of the marshalling kiosk
Topping Up with Oil and Drying Out on Site
a) If oil is to be added to a transformer at site prior to commissioning, the oil in the
transformer shall first be tested for dielectric strength and water content and each

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container of additional oil shall be similarly test. All tests shall be witnessed by
KAHRAMAA.
b) Should it be found necessary to resort to oil treatment before a transformer is
commissioned, the Contractor shall submit to KAHRAMAA, in writing, a full
description of the process to be adopted, the equipment to be used and statement
of the precautions being taken to prevent fire or explosion.
c) Clear instructions, in English shall be included in the Maintenance Instructions
regarding any special precautionary measures, which must be taken before
vacuum treatment can be carried out. Any special equipment necessary to enable
the transformer to withstand vacuum treatment shall be provided for each type of
transformer. The maximum vacuum which the complete transformer, filled with oil,
can safely withstand without any special precautionary measures being taken
shall be stated in the Maintenance Instructions.
Nuts and Bolts
a) All nuts and bolts, studs, screw threads, pipe threads, and bolt heads
shall comply with the appropriate national standards for metric threads,
or the technical equivalent.
b) All nuts and bolts which need to be disturbed during routine
maintenance and which are directly exposed to weather shall be of
stainless steel. Galvanized nuts, bolts, etc. are acceptable for structural
steelwork, only. Where circulating currents need to be avoided insulated
stainless steel bolts & nuts shall be used.
c) For mechanical reasons, current carrying terminal bolts or studs, except
for small wiring, shall not be less than 6 mm in diameter. All nuts and
pins shall be adequately locked.
d) Wherever possible, bolts shall be fitted so that in the event of locking
failure, resulting in the nuts working loose and falling off, the bolt will
remain in position. All nuts, bolts, and washers placed in outdoor
positions shall be of stainless steel (except those on steel structures).
Where bolts are used on external horizontal surfaces where water can
collect, the ingress of moisture to the threads shall be prevented.
e) Each bolt or stud shall project at least one thread but not more than
three threads through its nut, except when otherwise approved for
terminal board studs or relay stems. If bolts and nuts are placed so that
they are inaccessible by means of ordinary spanners, special spanners
shall be provided.

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f) The length of the screwed portion of the bolts shall be such that no
screw thread may form part of a shear plane between members.
g) Spring washers shall be provided where necessary.
Galvanising and Painting
a) All steel works, unless otherwise indicated, shall be hot dip galvanized.
b) All galvanising shall be applied by hot dip process and shall comply with
BS EN ISO 1461 but shall not be less than 0.61 kg/m2. The minimum
average coating weight on steel sections 5 mm thick and over shall be
0.915 kg/m2.
c) All welds shall be de-scaled, all machining carried out and all parts shall
be adequately cleaned prior to galvanising. Preparation for galvanising
and the galvanising itself shall not adversely affect the mechanical
properties of the coated material.
d) The threads of all galvanized bolts and screwed rods shall be cleared of
spelter by spinning or brushing. A die shall not be used for cleaning the
threads. All nuts shall be galvanized. Surfaces which are in contact with
oil shall not be galvanized or cadmium plated.
e) Conservator vessel, radiators, fan grills, Pipe work, control boxes or cubicles,
marshalling cubicles shall be hot-dip galvanized and painted. Conservator and
Pipe work painted with anti-corrosive good weathering paint may be accepted
where it is impractical to do hot dip galvanizing. The manufacturer shall submit the
proposed method for main tank and conservator vessel corrosion protection for
approval.
f) External surfaces shall be treated with anticorrosive and water-resistant paint and
internal surfaces with oil-resistant anti condensation paint.
g) In any case the manufacturer shall submit for approval the proposed painting
coats with their chemical content and recommended application guide of the
manufacturer.
h) The equipment must be so designed that any features that may encourage the
formation of rust, are avoided.
i) The following specifications cover surface treatments which may be
required to be painted or treated.
Transformer tanks (exterior) - RAL 9002

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Blast clean to BS 7079 Second Quality (SA 2.5), ISO equivalent or


technically equivalent USA Standard to a profile of 25-50 micron
and thoroughly clean all surfaces in preparation for the
application of paint or sealer.
Apply a primary coat of two-pack epoxy primer by airless spray
application to an application thickness of 50 micron. Apply a twopack epoxy/phosphate intermediate coat to an application
thickness of 100 micron.
Apply a finishing coat of two-pack polyurethane paint to a total
overall application thickness of 195 micron.

Transformer tanks (interior)


Blast clean to BS 7079 (First Quality), ISO equivalent or
technically equivalent USA Standard and thoroughly clean all
surfaces in preparation for the application of paint or sealer.
Apply a two-pack epoxy/phosphate intermediate coat to an
application thickness of 30 micron.
Structural steelwork, oil and water pipes
Blast clean to BS 7079 Second Quality (SA 2.5), ISO equivalent or
technically equivalent USA Standard to a profile of 25-50 micron
and thoroughly clean all surfaces in preparation for the
application of paint or sealer.
Apply two coats of two-pack epoxy primer by airless spray
application.
Apply a finishing coat of two-pack polyurethane paint to a total
overall application thickness of 80 micron.
CONTROL CUBICLES /MARSHALLING KIOSKS AND JUNCTION BOXES
General
a) All outdoor terminal boxes, cooler/tap changer control panel, transformer
marshalling shall be of sheet metal construction, formed on a framework of
standard rolled sections, with a protection Class IP 65 of IEC 60529, shall be
insect and rodent proof. All boxes which are mounted outdoors shall have
sunshades with capability to work as rain protection shield and shall be suitable
for ambient temperatures of at least 50C. Moreover, temperatures directly under
the sun shall be considered by additional temperature gain.
b) Heaters shall be provided and shall be controlled by a watertight switch
mounted externally. Ventilation louvers shall be provided and divisions
between compartments shall be perforated. Heaters shall be controlled

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by suitable hygrostats and thermostats. They shall be suitable for


operation with a 240V 50 Hz supply.
c) All cables shall enter boxes and kiosks at the base.
d) Each compartment of all kiosks and junction boxes shall be provided
with access doors at the front and rear. Doors and access covers shall
not be secured by nuts and bolts but shall be fastened with integral
handles with provision for locking. Door-actuated lighting should be
provided inside the kiosk/junction boxes.
e) All hinged doors for marshalling kiosks, control cabinets, DBs, etc. shall
be provided with stoppers.
Marshalling Kiosk
a) Transformer shall be fitted with a control cubicle made of stainless
steel, free-standing outdoor, in a position easily accessible from the
ground level/ in the position of the old/existing control cubicle and shall
be designed for operating temperatures in excess of the maximum
internal temperature attained inside the enclosure during continuous
full rating operation.
b) The cabinet shall contain all control and protective equipment for the cooling
system, tap changer Remote/Local selector switch with control circuit transformer
and lockable isolator as well as the termination of all secondary circuits. The
internal arrangement of the cabinet shall keep the various circuits clearly separate
from each other, permitting easy and safe independent maintenance and repair of
each of them without disturbing the others.
c) Height of the terminal connectors from the bottom plate inside the control cubicle
shall be minimum 200mm for easy maintenance. All devices in the Marshalling
kiosk shall be positioned at a suitable height so that the same are visible and
accessible to a person standing at ground level. If not, a suitable access platform
shall be provided. Marshalling Kiosk/cabinet shall be mounted on the front side
facing towards entrance of the transformer cell.
d) Kiosks doors shall be of the lift-off and hinged type and shall be
provided with laminated glass windows of adequate size to facilitate
reading of indicators from outside the kiosk. Where appropriate,
facilities shall be provided to allow removal of temperature indicators
without the need to pass the capillary tubing and bulb through the
various compartments.
e) If three phase connections are taken through a box or kiosk, they shall
be adequately screened or insulated and suitably marked with the

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phase color code; a danger notice stating the voltage shall be fixed on
the inside and outside of the kiosk or box.
f) A durable copy of the circuit wiring diagram shall be affixed to the back
of the kiosk door and labels shall be provided inside each kiosk or box
to describe the functions of various items of equipment.
g) A watertight BS 1363 socket outlet 240V AC 13 A 3 pin interlocked
switched socket with plug for a 240 volt AC supply shall be mounted
externally on the marshalling kiosk. This switched socket shall be
connected to the kiosk heater supply circuit through a 13 ampere fuse
in the line lead. The earth terminal shall be earthed.
Moulded Case and Miniature Circuit Breakers and Fuse Links
a) All Moulded Case Circuit Breakers (MCCBs) and miniature circuit
breakers (MCBs) shall be constructed to BS EN 60947.
b) Miniature circuit breakers shall be designed and tested in accordance
with IEC 60127 and supplementary requirements of this specification.
They shall be suitable for use over the full range of expected voltage
variation as specified in the Schedules.
c) They shall be suitably rated for both the continuous and short circuit
loadings of the circuits they are protecting under all service and
atmospheric conditions stated in the specification and ensure that
correct discrimination is maintained between main and sub-circuits.
d) For three phase circuits, the miniature circuit breakers shall be of the
three-pole type; for single-phase circuits they shall be of the single pole
type and for d.c. circuits they shall be of the double pole type.
e) Where miniature circuit breakers are used in circuits containing
inductive loads, e.g., operating coils, it is essential that they are
suitable for satisfactory operation in the circuit in which they are used,
i.e. account is taken of the circuit time constant.
f) All miniature circuit breakers shall be provided with auxiliary contact(s)
for remote indication of circuit breaker operation.
g) Means shall be provided to prevent the miniature circuit breakers being
inadvertently switched to the "OFF" position. Facilities shall be provided
for locking-off the miniature circuit breakers for isolation purposes.
h) Miniature circuit breakers shall be mounted in such a manner so as to
give easily visible indication of breaker position and shall be grouped
and spaced according to their function in order to facilitate
identification and easy replacement.

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i) Carriers and bases for fuses and links shall be in accordance with IEC
60269 and color coded to permit identification of the circuit rating.
Cubicle Wiring
a) Each wire connection within the cubicle shall be provided with clearly
engraved identification ferrules showing source and destination on
either side of the wire. The ferrules shall fit tightly to the wire and shall
not fall off when the wire is disconnected from the terminal block. All
wires associated with the tripping circuits shall be provided with red
ferrules marked "Trip" in white. KAHRAMAA's practice of wiring
numbering should be adopted throughout.
b) It shall be possible to work on small wiring for maintenance or test
purposes without making a switchboard dead.
c) Crimped connectors of approved type shall be used to terminate all
small wiring.
d) When connections rated at 240 volt and above are taken through
junction boxes they shall be adequately screened and "DANGER"
notices shall be affixed to the outside of junction boxes or the
marshalling kiosk.
e) All metallic cases of instruments, control switches, relays etc. mounted
on control panels or cubicles shall be connected by copper conductors
of not less than 4 mm2 section to the nearest earth bar.
Bushings and Insulators
a) Porcelain or glass insulators and bushings shall comply with the
requirements of IEC 60137, IEC 60168, IEC 60273, IEC 60305 and IEC
60433, as applicable.
b) Porcelain for insulating purposes shall comply with the requirements of
IEC 60672. Each porcelain insulator shall bear the manufacturers mark
and batch identification, which shall be applied before firing.
c) The clamping surfaces of all porcelain insulators shall be accurately
ground and shall be free of glaze.
d) Insulators and bushings shall satisfy the test requirements of IEC
60168, IEC 60233 or IEC 60383, as applicable. The design of insulators
shall be such as to minimize the radio interference (RFI), and tests shall
be made in accordance with IEC 60437, or equivalent, to limit RFI to

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CISPR of CCITT recommended limits, or equivalent National Standards


or Regulations.
e) Insulators and bushings of organic, moulded or resin-bonded, material
shall comply with the requirements of IEC 60660, as appropriate. They
shall have a durable non-hygroscopic surface finish with a high antitracking index. Precautions shall be taken during manufacture and
assembly of insulators of this type to exclude all moisture.
f) The Comparative Tracking Index (C.T.I.) shall be determined on all
organic material insulators, and other insulating material, as directed
by KAHRAMAA. The test method on any electrical materials, intended
for use outdoors or in severe ambient conditions, shall be in accordance
with IEC 60587, and materials, not exposed to such conditions, shall be
tested in accordance with IEC 60112.
g) Insulators and bushings of moulded, or resin bonded material shall be
identified with the manufacturers mark and batch identification. Such
marking shall not impair the electrical properties of the surface finish.
h) Insulators and bushings shall be mounted, and the method of attaching
connections be such, that there is no likelihood of their being
mechanically overstressed during normal tightening of the mounting
and connection fixings. Similar provision shall be made to
accommodate expansion and contraction of the connections having
regard to the temperature likely to be attained during fault conditions.
Mountings shall be of sufficient strength and rigidity to withstand the
forces created by the passage of maximum prospective, short-circuit
current with full asymmetry, without permanent damage or permanent
deflection sufficient to reduce electrical performance or insulation
strength.
PERFORMANCE GUARANTEES AND REJECTION
a) The Contractor shall guarantee that the transformers comply with the performance
stated in the Technical Schedules. Tolerances shall not exceed the values
specified in IEC 60076 or those given in the Technical Schedules.
1. Performance Evaluation
Tenders evaluation will consider not only purchasing price, but total operational costs
of each of the offered transformers. Evaluation will be based on the guaranteed values
of no-load and load losses, calculated at 75 oC, at rated voltage and full load current at
nominal tapping. The following Present Worth Gradients will be applied to calculate
capitalized losses for all transformers:

Appendix-A

QR:

22,000.00/kW for no-load losses


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QR:

6,500.00/kW for load losses

Reference will be made to technical offer with the lowest guaranteed losses for each
type of the equipment. For all other offers, which guaranteed losses excess the
reference value for the same type of equipment, divergence will be calculated and
multiplied by the above specified present worth gradients. Capitalized load and noload losses, calculated in this way, will be added to the offered purchasing price of the
equipment to obtain total operational costs:
TOC = PP + 22,000 * (NLL NLLR) + 6,500 * (LL LLR)
Where:
TOC - Total Operation Costs in QR
PP - Purchasing Price in QR
NLL - Guaranteed No-load Losses
NLLR- Referenced (the lowest offered) No-load Losses
LL
- Guaranteed Load Losses
LLR - Referenced (the lowest offered) Load Losses
Below listed values are specified only as a guide line for expected level of losses:

200MVA, 220/66kV PT
160MVA, 132/66kV PT
60MVA, 132/11kV PT:

No Load Losses
(kW)
60
50
22

Load Losses
(kW)
460
390
220

2. Penalties for Deviation from Guarantees


Losses:
If the factory acceptance test of the transformer shows that the actual losses
exceed the guaranteed values, excess losses shall be penalized as follows:
No-load losses:
QR 22,000/kW for losses not higher than 5% of the guaranteed values
QR 44,000/kW for losses higher than 5% of the guaranteed values, but within
the acceptance limit.
Load losses:
QR 6,500/kW for losses not higher than 5% of the guaranteed values
QR 13,000/kW for losses higher more than 5% of the guaranteed values, but
within the acceptance limit
Transformers, for which the actual losses obtained by factory acceptance tests
exceed 15% of the individual losses, or 10% of total losses, will be rejected.

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There shall be no additional payment for measured losses of less than the
Guaranteed value.

Temperature Rise:

The temperature rise of windings shall be determined by type test. If,


according to the results of the tests carried out within the scope of the
Contract, the measured temperature rise exceeds the guaranteed value, the
price for all transformers shall be reduced as a compensation for decreased life
expectancy.

The compensation shall be computed as follows:


Temperature Rise Over
the Admissible Limit
(K)
0 1.99
2 2.99
3 3.99
4 5.00

Compensation in Percent
of the Total F.O.B. Price
of the Transformer
3
4.5
9.0
18

No additional payment will be payable for measured temperature rise of less


than the guaranteed maximum.

KAHRAMAA may during tests at works, reject a power transformer for the
following reasons:
If any of the losses exceed 15% of the guaranteed values;
If the impedance voltage exceeds tolerance values specified by IEC of
the guaranteed value;
If the temperature rise exceeds more than 5 OK of the prescribed values.

A3.3 ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS/TESTS AND FUNCTIONAL TESTS


Power Transformer
All tests shall be performed in accordance with IEC 60076, IEC 60060, IEC 60270 and
other relevant IEC Standards including and not limited to the following:
A. Factory Tests
Routine and Type tests shall be generally in accordance with the requirements of IEC
60076-1 and IEC 60076-3, appropriate to the voltage class of the transformer under
consideration. Additionally, some tests in the class identified as Special in IEC 60076

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are included, which may in practice be effectively a Routine or Type Test, as


appropriate.
The factory test shall be conducted in presence of KAHRAMAA Engineer or
representative. The contractor shall submit a report to KAHRAMAA detailing
the result of the test.
B. Routine Tests
The following routine tests shall be performed:
1.

Measurement of winding resistances.

2.

Measurement of voltage ratio and check of voltage vector relationship

3.

Measurement of impedance voltage (principal tapping) short-circuit


impedance and load loss. (with respect to table 1 of IEC 60076 1 negative
tolerance in % impedance voltage value from the value specified in technical
schedules is not acceptable).

4.

Measurement of no-load losses and no-load current at rated frequency and


nominal voltage.

5.

Induced-voltage test with partial discharge measurement.


Short Duration AC (ACSD): Um less than 245kV

6.

Separate source voltage test.

7.

Tests on on-load tap-changers.

8.

Oil test including Dissolved Gas Analysis and function tests of auxiliary
equipment, before and after Dielectric Test. (All tests according to IEC 60296
and IEC 62535 shall be carried out by the manufacturer and test certificate
shall clearly indicate that oil is free from PCB, DBDS (dibenzyl disulphide),
Antioxidant, passivator, metal deactivator and other additives).

9.

Oil Leakage Test with pressure.

10.

Measurement of insulation of core and frame at 2500 V dc for 1 min


(As per IEC 60076-1 (11.12)).

11.

Hot spot gradient check on winding temperature indicators at elevated


temperature ( 80degC) (based on heat run test results)

12.

Check of Ratio and Polarity of built-in current transformers and test for
Insulation Resistance & Saturation test .

13.

Determination of capacitances windings-to-earth and between windings.

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14.

Measurement of Capacitance & dissipation factor (Tandelta) of transformer


bushings.

15.

Measurement of d.c. insulation resistance between each winding to earth and


between windings.

16.

Measurement of dissipation factor (Tandelta) of transformer windings and


insulation system.

C. Type Tests
The following type tests shall be performed:
1.

Temperature Rise Test


These tests shall be carried out with the transformer at tap
positions giving highest losses and with the standby cooling
unit out of service.
Dissolved Gas Analysis of Transformer Oil shall be carried out
before and after the Temperature Rise Test.

2.

Lightning Impulse (LI) test (Um less than or equal to 72.5kV). These
tests shall be carried out in accordance with IEC Recommendations
on the HV and LV line terminals and on the neutral terminals. Tapchangers shall be in the position of minimum, principal and
maximum tap as each phase is tested in turn (A-B-C).

3.

In-lieu evidence from demonstrably similar units and/or mechanical


and thermal calculations shall be provided to demonstrate clear
margins of short-circuit current withstand at system fault levels for
all transformers.
All tests and calculations shall be fully in
accordance with IEC 60076-5.

4.

Determination of sound level (IEC 60076-10) for each method of cooling.

5.

Measurement of the power taken by the fan and oil pump motors.

6.

Jacking test for 30 min with Dye penetrant test. Lift shall be 50mm
to 100mm depending up on span and sag of bottom plate of
transformer. Jacking test shall be performed always on unpainted
jack pads. Painting of jack pads shall be done subsequent to
successful jacking test.

D. Special Tests

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The following special category tests shall be performed when specified in Technical
schedule and may be on each unit (equivalent to a routine test) or on one unit
(equivalent to a type test) as indicated:
1.

Dielectric tests in accordance with IEC 60076-3. In terms of the system


voltages, the applicable special dielectric tests is:

Chopped wave lightning impulse. This test is a requirement at all system


voltages on line terminals and shall be at 110% of the full wave impulse
level. (Type or routine test as appropriate to transformer HV U m.)

2.

Measurement of zero-sequence impedance: Routine test for all transformers


with Um equal to or greater than 12 kV.

3.

Measurement of the harmonics of the no-load current: Routine test for all
transformers with Um equal to or greater than 36 Kv.

4.

Measurement of insulation resistance to earth and loss angle of insulation


system capacitances: Routine test for all transformers with U m equal to or
greater than 36 kV.

5.

Measurement of No load current at low voltage.

6.

SFRA (Sweep Frequency Response Analysis) test. This test shall be


the last test in factory keeping the transformer configuration
closest to its intended shipping condition.

7.

Vacuum Deflection Test.

8.

Pressure Deflection Test

9.

Check of External Coating

E. Site Tests
Initial and final check lists shall be incorporated in the Site tests method
statements, and submitted to KAHRAMAA approval prior the start of tests.
The following tests, after installation on Site shall be performed:
1.

Verification of correct and complete erection.

2.

Verification of the soundness of porcelain surfaces and sealing.

3.

Verification of correct connections to the earthing system.

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4.

Checking of auxiliary and control wiring and cabling and operation of


all electrical LV equipment.

5.

Voltage tests of all electrical LV circuits.

6.

Verification of the operation of the cooling system.

7.

Vacuum tightness test as per IEC 60076-1 (11.11)

8.

Measurement of the physical, chemical, and electrical characteristics


of the oil including oxidation stability after filling. BDV, Tan delta,
water content of oil samples before filling oil into the transformer
according to IEC 60296. Comprehensive analysis of oil (DGA, Furan,
BDV, Tan delta and water content) of oil samples from main tank and
OLTC before and after complete electrical testing shall be carried out
as per IEC standards.

9.

Tests shall be performed on oil samples taken and to prove the oil is
free from all kinds of additives/inhibitants.

10.

Hot spot gradient check on winding temperature indicators at


elevated temperature ( 80degC) (based on heat run test results).

11.

Verification of polarity, turns ratio with measurement of charging


current using an L.V. supply.

12.

Resistance measurements of windings with records of oil & ambient


temperatures.

13.

Short Circuit impedance Test and load loss

14.

Excitation Current Test

15.

Magnetic Balance Test

16.

Di-electric Response Analysis Test

17.

Insulation resistance tests.


18.

Insulation resistance test on winding, bushings, core etc.

19.

SFRA (Sweep Frequency Response Analysis) test. This test shall be


done two times at site:
Before assembly and after keeping on foundation.(to compare
with factory test)
After final assembly as part of site acceptance test (signature
test).

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20.

Measurement of Capacitance & dissipation factor (Tandelta) for


transformer windings and bushings.

21.

Test on protection devices.

22.

Tests on Current Transformer.

23.

Measurement of CT wiring loop resistance.

24.

Checking calibration of oil & winding temperature indicating devices.

25.

Proving tests of Buchholz device by injecting pressurized gas/air.

26.

Operation checks of accessories like extra high flow pressure relief


device, oil level gauge etc.

27.

Dynamic Resistance test and Functional Checks of OLTC.

28.

Oil Leakage Test for 48 hours.

29.

Other necessary checks and verifications as deemed necessary by


KAHRAMAA.

Tests on Transformer Components


Tests during and after manufacture shall be carried out on the transformer
components in order to verify compliance with the Specifications, good
workmanship and their capability to perform the required duties when in
service.
Unless otherwise specifically mentioned these tests shall be made in
accordance with the one of the applicable international standards, subject
to the approval of KAHRAMAA, or according to a method proposed by the
Contractor and approved by KAHRAMAA.
I.

Transformer Tanks
A. Type Tests
1. Vacuum - Transformer tank, tap changing compartment, radiator and cooler
shall be subjected when empty of oil to the vacuum test level specified in the
Schedules. There shall be no permanent deflection of the stiffeners, nor shall
the permanent deflection of the panels exceed the value specified in the
following table:
Major dimension of panel between

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Stiffeners meters vertical or horizontal


Up to 1.5 m
1.5 m 3.0 m
Above 3.0 m

deflection
3 mm
8 mm
13 mm

2. Pressure- Transformer tank shall be subjected to a pressure corresponding


to the normal pressure plus 35kN/m 2. After the release of the excess
pressure there shall be no permanent deflection of the stiffeners nor shall the
permanent deflection of panels between stiffeners exceed the value specified
in the above table. This test may be combined with a routine oil leakage test.
The tap changer barrier shall be shown to withstand an over pressure test of
normal pressure plus 35 kN/m2 for 12 hours.
II.

Pressure Relief Device:

When required by KAHRAMAA one pressure relief device of each size shall be
subjected to increasing oil pressure and shall operate before reaching normal pressure
plus 35 kN/m2.
The operating pressure shall be recorded on the test certificate.
A. Routine Tests
1. Oil leakage - tank and oil filled compartments including all forms of radiator
shall be tested for oil tightness by being completely filled with oil of a viscosity
not greater than that of IEC 60296 insulating oil at a temperature of 150 oC
and subjected to a pressure equal to the normal pressure plus 35 kN/m 2. This
pressure shall be maintained for a period of not less than 24 hours, during
which time no leakage shall occur.
2. The tap changer barrier shall be subjected to normal oil pressure head for 24
hours, during which time there shall be no leakage from the panel or
bushings. Detachable radiators may be tested as separate units.
III.

Fans, Motors, Pipe work, Oil Sampling Devices and Valves


A. Type Tests
1. Motors - Performance tests shall be in accordance with IEC 60034-1
however, certificates of type tests in accordance with IEC will be accepted.
2. Except for non-return valves, all valves and oil sampling devices which are
subject to oil pressure in service or during maintenance shall withstand, when
empty of oil, absolute pressure not exceeding 350 m bars. In the case of

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valves this test is to be applied to the body only. This type test shall
subsequently be followed by a repeat oil leakage test.
B. Routine Tests
1. Fans - Static and dynamic balance shall be checked on all fan impellers.
2. Control gear - All control gear shall be subjected to the tests specified in the
appropriate IEC.
3. Motors - Each machine shall be subjected to the following tests where
applicable:

IV.

Measurement of winding resistance (cold).


No load test at rated voltage for determination of fixed losses.
An overvoltage test at 1.5 times rated voltage applied with the
machine running at no load, for a period of 3 minutes, to test interturn
insulation.
High voltage in accordance with IEC 60034-1.

Oil

A.

Sample Tests
1. Samples of oil from each consignment shall be tested in accordance with IEC
60296 before dispatch and the test certificate shall be furnished to
KAHRAMAA. The oil shall be free from corrosive sulphur, PCB, DBDS
(dibenzyl disulphide), Antioxidant, passivator, metal deactivator and other
additives. A compliance certificate in this regard as per IEC 60296 Clause 5.4
(c).shall be furnished to KAHRAMAA.
2. Subject to the agreement of KAHRAMAA a test certificate, confirming that the
oil from which the consignment was drawn has been tested in accordance
with IEC 60296, may be accepted. Before commissioning any transformer,
the di-electric strength and DGA (Dissolved Gas Analysis) of its oil shall be
check-tested and the results approved by KAHRAMAA.
3. Test evidences from the manufacturer shall be submitted for oil supplied for
the following contents and the test report shall be furnished to KAHRAMAA.
Corrosive Sulphur (Tested as per IEC 62535)
Antioxidants (Tested as per IEC 60666)
PCBs (Tested as per IEC 61619)
DBDS (Tested as per IEC 62697, Detection method : GC-ED)
Passivator (Tested as per IEC 60666)
Metal Deactivator (Detection method using HPLC / GC-MS)

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4. DGA tests of oil shall be done by independent test laboratory (KM approved)
at following intervals at site:
Before Energization
1 Day After Energization
After 1 month in Service
After 6 months in Service
After 12 months in service
After 22 months in service
5. The DGA results and evaluation summary shall be submitted to
KAHRAMAA. All test results shall be furnished in a test format which shall
provide all essential details of the oil samples, method, equipment details etc
as insisted by IEC and other relevant standards including Manufacturers
name & country
V. Gas and Oil Actuated Relays
A. Routine Tests
The following tests shall be made on relays when completely assembled.
Where oil is referred to, it shall have a viscosity not greater than that of
IEC 60296 insulating oil at 150oC.
1. Oil leakage:
The relay, when filled with oil shall be subjected to an internal
pressure of 140 kN/m2 for 15 minutes. No leakage shall occur either
from the casing or into normally oil free spaces, such as floats, within
the casing.
2. Gas Collection:

With the relay mounted as in service and at a rising angle of 5


degrees (tank to conservator) and full of oil, gas shall be introduced
into the relay until the gas collection contacts close. The oil level
contacts shall not close when gas is escaping freely from the relay on
the conservator side. These contacts shall, however, close when the
pipe work is empty of oil.

The empty relay shall be tilted, as if mounted in pipe work rising from
tank to conservator, at an increasing angle until the gas collection
contacts open. The angle of tilt shall then be reduced and the gas
collection contacts shall close before the angle is reduced to less
than 13 degrees to the horizontal.

With the relay mounted at a falling angle of 16 degrees to the


horizontal and full of oil, the gas collection contacts shall be open.
Oil surge - with the relay mounted as in service and full of oil at approximately
150oC, the surge contacts shall close within the steady oil flow limits specified in

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the Schedules. This operation shall not be adversely affected when the gas
collection contacts have already closed and gas is escaping freely.
Voltage - with the relay empty of oil, a voltage of 2kV shall be applied in turn
between each of the electrical circuits and the casing for one minute, the
remaining circuits being connected to the casing.
VI. Voltage Control Equipment
Type and routine tests shall be carried out in accordance with IEC 60214.
A. Tests on Bushings
1. It is not intended to test the bushings separately during the transformer
factory tests.
2. All bushings supplied including spares, shall be supplied with full
documentation in accordance with IEC 60137 and/or IEC 61639, plus
additional items as follows:

Routine test certificates. All condenser-graded bushings shall have a


routine lightning impulse withstand test of five full wave negative
impulses at a level not less than the transformer rating.

Type test reports, which shall include confirmation of creepage


distance and pollution tests. The lightning impulse type test shall
include chopped impulses and is applicable to all condenser-graded
bushings.

Installation and maintenance instructions.


VII. Dielectric Tests in Auxiliary and Control Circuit
All secondary wiring, including panel wiring and control circuits and all apparatus
connected directly thereto shall withstand a high voltage test of 2000V to earth unless
otherwise specified.
3.4 SPARE PARTS & SPECIAL TOOLS (OPTIONAL)
a) Works to be done under this section include the delivery of spare parts.
Requirements for spare parts & special tools are described in Appendix B
Schedule of Prices, Schedule 4.3 & 4.4. Any additional spare parts recommended
by the Tenderer shall be listed and priced in Appendix B Schedule of Prices.
b) The required categories and minimum quantity of spare parts are
indicated in Appendix B, Schedule of Prices. KAHRAMAA shall be given
the option to cancel any or all items from the list included in the

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Schedule of Prices. Hence, it is obligatory upon the Contractor to submit


the list of spares for approval before ordering/manufacturing.
c) Beside the specified spare parts, the Contractor shall list in detail the
recommended spare parts he considers necessary for safe and reliable
operation and maintenance, together with individual prices, in the
respective Schedule of Prices. KAHRAMAA reserves the option to order
all or part thereof or supplementary spare parts. These prices shall be
kept firm up to the expiry of the Warranty Period.
d) The "Recommended Spare Parts" shall be completed on the assumption
that the spare parts listed shall be sufficient for an operation period of
five (5) years after commissioning, as well as essential replacement
parts to cover the event of a breakdown which would affect the
availability or safety of the plant.
e) The Contractor shall ensure that sufficient spare parts and consumable
items are available for his own use during commissioning of plant.
Spares ordered by KAHRAMAA shall not be used by the Contractor.
f) Any spare apparatus, parts and tools shall be subject to the same
specification, tests and conditions as similar material supplied under
the Work Section of the Contract. They shall be strictly interchangeable
and suitable for use in place of the corresponding parts supplied with
the plant and must be suitably marked and numbered for identification
and prepared for storage by greasing or painting to prevent
deterioration. All spare apparatus or materials containing electrical
insulation shall be properly packed and delivered in cases suitable for
long-term storage. Such packing shall be subject to approval of
KAHRAMAA.
g) All short shelf-life material shall be replaced at the end of the Warranty
Period.
h) Four (4) copies of storage instructions in the English language shall
accompany all spares. One copy of the instructions shall be available
inside the package.
i) The spare parts are to be delivered to the storehouse of the Contractor
with catalogues labels, brands and other signs for their identification,
everything to the complete satisfaction of KAHRAMAA and these shall
be delivered to KAHRAMAA's Stores prior to Taking Over. Spare parts
shall be delivered to stores with necessary coding as per KAHRAMAA
practice.
j) The Tenderer shall guarantee that spares suitable for the plant provided
under the Contract, without any modification, will be available for a

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period of twenty (20) years regardless of obsolescence of the plant


items themselves.
k) As necessary, one set of tools necessary for the operation of the equipment shall
be supplied along with the equipment and kept at site on wall-mounted cabinets
adjacent to the equipment. These standard tools shall be supplied direct to
KAHRAMAA brand new, i.e. they shall not be used for erection and installation
purposes during the construction of the plant.
3.5

PACKING, SHIPPING, TRANSPORT, HANDLING AND LIFTING DEVICE

Packing
a) The Contractor shall prepare and pack all materials and equipment for
shipment in such a manner that they are protected from damage during
shipment, and shall be responsible for and make good any and all
damage resulting from improper packing, whether this is done at his
own works or those of any supplier.
b) All electrical parts and delicate mechanical parts subject to damage
from moisture shall be packed in hermetically sealed metal containers,
in plastic envelopes, or in other approved containers within their
respective packing cases, containing silica-gel bags.
c) All apparatuses shall be carefully packed for transport by sea, rail and
road as necessary and in such a manner that they are protected against
mechanical injury and the injurious effects of water and climatic conditions
encountered during transit to their destination, including conditions of
temporary storage on site.
d) Spare parts shall be packed separately for long-term storage and
delivered to KAHRAMAA Stores.
e) All cases, packages, etc. shall have KAHRAMAA standard shipping
marks and shall be clearly marked on the outside to indicate the net
weight, gross weight and dimensions, the parts contained therein,
contract number, port of destination, the position of the centre of
gravity and the correct position of the slings and shall bear an
identification mark relating them to the appropriate shipping
documents. All these shall become the property of KAHRAMAA after
delivery.
f) Containers and packings shall be non-returnable type.

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g) All stencil marks on the outside of cases shall be either of a waterproof


material or protected by shellac or varnish to prevent obliteration in
transit.
h) Each crate or package shall contain a packing list in a waterproof
envelope. All items of material shall be clearly marked for easy
identification against the packing list.
i) Six (6) copies of the complete bill of lading showing the number, size,
marks, mass and contents of each package shall be mailed or faxed to
KAHRAMAA immediately the material is dispatched.
Shipping and Transport
a) The Contractor shall be deemed responsible for the following:
1. To load and transport the equipment and material from the place
of manufacture whether, this is at his own works or this of any
supplier, to Qatar ports;
2. To off-load, clear and transport to site all plant, equipment, etc.
including temporary storage; to obtain permission from relevant
Qatar authorities to use docking, airport or Site unloading,
highway and bridge facilities required for transport of his
equipment;
3. To insure to the full value of the equipment and material for
freight, for securing and forwarding of all shipping documents and
for the payment of all shipping and unloading documents and
charges;
4. *To obtain and verify all information specified regarding transport
limitations;
5. To obtain and verify all information specified regarding adequate
handling equipment for unloading the heaviest prices of
equipment;
6. *To bear all costs of repair or replacement of the equipment
arising from damage during transport and unloading (Repairs to
the damaged primary insulation is not acceptable);
7. *To select proper routes to meet his needs and shall bear all extra
costs resulting from the selection of such routes.

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b) The costs, if any, for adjusting, modifying roads and bridges shall be
borne by the Contractor. The Contractor shall submit to approval the
method of transportation and routes he proposes to use.
c) The Contractor shall inform KAHRAMAA of the anticipated shipping date
by a 30 days written notice containing identification, symbol,
description, weight and sizes of material in the shipment. Advance
notice and shipping documents shall be sent by fax before air-mailing.
KAHRAMAA shall be also notified of the actual date of shipment.
d) *The Contractor shall immediately report to KAHRAMAA any claims
made against him arising out of alleged damage to a highway or a
bridge.
Lifting Devices
a) The maximum lifting capacity at the Port of Doha is 2 jib cranes with a
capacity of 50 tons at 6m radius, maximum hook height above mean
high water level is 22 m.
b) The Contractor shall provide bolts with shackles at conveniently
selected spots of equipment in order to facilitate the handling and
lifting of supplied equipment.
c) Special lifting and handling equipment, to be supplied by the Contractor
and shall be shipped together with the component for which they are
provided.
d) The Contractor shall make his own arrangements and inquiries with
regard to the loading, unloading and transport of all equipment and
material required for the Works. He shall make all necessary
investigations as to the heaviest loads that can be handled at ports or
transported to the Site by road, in particular with regard to the weightbearing capacity of all bridges and culverts, and he shall comply with all
relevant regulations of the Government Department connected
therewith.
In addition, the following requirements shall be fulfilled
a) *If the transformer is to be transported with oil it shall be filled to such a level as to
cover the windings completely.
b) *If the transformers are to be shipped without oil, the tank shall be filled with dry
nitrogen gas, and automatic pressure regulating equipment shall be provided to
maintain the pressure of the gas.

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c) *Transformers to be transported with gas shall be filled and maintained by the


Contractor at a pressure in excess of atmospheric pressure until the gas is
replaced by oil. The gas pressure before dispatch and upon receipt on site shall
be recorded. Means shall be provided for measuring the pressure in the tank.
d) Where oil for the first filling is to be provided separate from the transformer tank it
shall be supplied by the manufacturer in non-returnable drums.
e) Transformers shall be mounted with electrical impact recorders to monitor loads
imposed on transformer with time reference and register shock loading suffered
during transit. Instruments shall be provided on the external side of the
transformer (i.e. on tank) as well as on the active part inside the transformer (e.g.
on press beam of the core). Provision shall be made on the transformer for easy
dismantling of the instrument fixed on the active part at site. Instruments shall be
active all time during transport, including loading in the factory. All means to
ensure uninterrupted work of impact recorders during that period shall be provided
(e.g. spare batteries). The instruments shall be removed only after transformer is
put in its final place on the foundation at site. Removal of impact recorder,
downloading and interpretation of data shall be done in the presence of KM
representative.
f) Contractor is obliged to provide for KAHRAMAA approval procedures for
transport, acceptance of equipment on site, storage, installation, testing and
maintenance, which will be supported by manufacturers detailed manuals.
Checking and notification of tank gas pressure, functionality and operation time of
impact recorder shall be notified and included in the site acceptance report. This
will be provided to KAHRAMAA for further records.
g) If a transformer, by any chance, arrives on site without positive pressure of gas in
the tank, Contractor is obliged to:
1. Sent immediate notification to KAHRAMAA, manufacturer and shipping
agent.
2. Obtain written confirmation from manufacturer about conditions to maintain
guarantee of the equipment considering the situation and detailed
instructions for actions to be taken
3. Complete diagnostic tests (dew point measurement, laboratory testing of
insulation paper performed by independent laboratory, etc.) to establish
transformer condition
4. Undertake all necessary actions, at its own cost, in order prevent damage
of the equipment that may result from prolonged storage without
overpressure in the tank. This may include vacuum and heating process,
taking insulation resistance values throughout the drying process to

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indicate clearly the point of full moisture removal. Detailed method


statement shall be provided for KAHRAMAA approval.
5. Undertake further tests and actions that may be required to restore
transformer condition, at its own costs, under the manufacturers
supervision and provide proof test results for the same.
h) It will be at sole KAHRAMAA decision to decide whether transformers will be
accepted and under which conditions.
i) *All openings for transformer components, e.g. bushings which have been
removed from the transformers during transport, shall be covered by blanking-off
plates. Condenser type bushings shall be shipped with self-contained oil filled
tanks.
j) *Lifting of the transformer in the vertical position shall be through handling lugs
with all precautions being taken to prevent tilting and under the expert
supervision of the rigger.
k) *All vehicles & power lifting equipment for loading, transporting and unloading
shall have a valid insurance to cover against accidental damage to equipment
and injury to persons. This insurance shall also cover any accidents or damages
that may be caused to KM equipment and personnel in the vicinity of the area
occasioned by Contractors work. The operators of the heavy lifting equipment
shall have valid certificates issued by the Department of Labour, State of Qatar
authorizing the operation of such equipment. The equipment immediately after
delivery shall be thoroughly inspected for completeness and ensure that there is
no damage.
l) *Contractor shall provide an all risks insurance. It is the responsibility of the
Contractor to ascertain the requirements; for example, restrictions arising from
limitations of lifting gear, type of vehicles available for transportation, maximum
weight and dimensions allowable on public roads, condition of the track and
space limitations at the point of installation.
m) *The Contractor shall prepare and submit for the approval of KAHRAMAA
drawings and complete instructions about the means and methods to be used for
the installing and removing of heavy equipment such as transformers.
Note: (*) Applicable for transporting decommissioned/old transformers including
the associated equipment and local control cabinet to KM, Central
Warehouse at Salwa Industrial area for future use.
3.6

SUB-STATION WORKS(PART 2)

a) Disconnecting transformer from 66, 11 kV, LV supply and control and removing
from the site.

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The particular Power Transformer in the specified substation shall be


disconnected by removing jumpers and links on both sides of HV & LV including
(11kV) Earthing Transformer, Neutral to the ground, Protection and Telecontrol
and Earthing taking note of the following.
No.
1

Description
66kV side of Tx
a) Top Terminal connectors (clamp)
b) Jumper connectors (bus/conductor)
c) Bushing height / dimensions
d) 66kV CTs to match S/S remote end CTs , as per technical requirements of
metering and protection.
11kV side of Tx
a) Careful considerations with the design measurement/ dimensions of
the 11 kV secondary of new transformer bushings to fit with the existing
11 kV cable box/ terminations.
Neutral side of Tx
a) External CT technical specifications (e.g ratio, burden, class, accuracy)
b) Foundation / support structure
c) Wiring & piping /rough ins as per protection requirement.
d) Jumper connection
LCC of Tx
a) Control cable wirings Tx
b) Control cable wiring OLTC
c) Provision for marshalling kiosk
d) Extending cable connections to existing Tx control cable wires, OLTC etc. will not
be able to reach Terminal blocks of Tx LCC panel.

Utmost care shall be exercised during dismantling as control, protection,


telemetry cables could be damaged. It is the Contractors responsibility to have
the damaged sections of cables replaced, fully or partially with new wiring as
deemed necessary by KM.
b) Removing and Transporting existing old 66/11kV 20/25MVA Itatrafo transformer
including the local control cabinet and associated components to KM, Central
Warehouse at Salwa Industrial Area. (Note: The Transformer components are
intended to be used as spares for maintenance).
Option 1: Crane working position inside s/s : Removal of main gate guard rail
including top beam to enter the lifting equipment (crane/trucks) inside the
substation. Adequate crane lifting capacity should be considered.
Option 2: Crane working position outside s/s : Removal of detachable
boundary wall portions (if any) to visualize the working area inside s/s.
Adequate crane lifting capacity should be considered.
c) Modifying/refurbishing/reinforcing/repairing the existing transformer civil
structure/foundation/plinth, cable raceways, cable ducts, grounding/earthing
connections to accommodate the new transformer as necesary.

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Note: Earthing/grounding conductor if found short shall be provided by the


contractor.
d) Erection of the new transformer on the newly constructed/refurbished/modified
plinths including the installation of local control cabinet.
e) Carrying out Electrical measurements/tests and functional tests on the Power
Transformer as mentioned in Section A3.3 (Electrical Measurements/Tests And
Functional Tests).
f) Perform the following activities/ minimum tests on existing equipment:
1. ETx 11kV/415V:
Insulation resistance test & polarization index
Insulation power factor test (overall)
Turns ratio test
Winding resistance test
Excitation current test
Oil power factor test
Oil di-electric breakdown voltage test
Note:
a) The contractor is responsible to replace the insulating oil
(provided by KM) and re-condition of the Earthing Transformer
(ETx) including transport of oil from KM Store to sites.
b) If the ETx transformer test results will fail, the contractor is
responsible to source, test, transport and replace the ETx from
decommissioned ETx from KM Store/SS.
2. Grounding/Earth Connection
Earth resistance test
g) Pre-commissioning and commissioning tests including local/remote, SCADA and
DGCC, Protection tests, inter-trip and stability.
Important Note:
Particular attention is required to OLTC, 11kV Cable connections and Protection
as the New Transformer after installation shall be able to operate in parallel with
the other existing transformers in the identified substations.
3.7

CABLE WORKS

a) Drain and remove bitumen compound from 11 kV cable box by applying heat
gently and without damage to cable core. The compound shall not be allowed to
fall on the ground.

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b) Disconnect and remove cables carefullly without damage for reuse. They shall be
properly wrapped and secured with polythene cover to prevent moisture and dust
contaminating the cable ends. Extra precaution is required to prevent damage
from the impending civil construction activities and during Transformer removal
and new installation. Where necessary, the cables shall be moved temporarily to
facilitate cable race, cable trough reconstruction and modifications.
c) Inspect the cable boxes thoroughly and chalkout the requirements including
defects to be rectified during reinstallation.
d) Install cable joints, if required, including the supply of cable joints not issued by
KM.
e) Supply all consumable materials, cable lugs, bias cut yellow vanish tape,
insulating tapes, plumbing metal, insulating studs on glands, gaskets etc.
f) All 11 kV cable glands on 66/11 kV New Transformer and 11kV Side of Earthing
Tx shall be fitted with insulated glands supplied by the Contractor.
g) Reconnect and terminate cables inside the cable box including;
1. Measurement of Contact resistance, Continuity & insulation resistance
test and identification of phases.
2. Refill cable box with Bitumen compound supplied by the Contractor.
3. HVDC test of 11 kV Cable installation at reduced voltage before filling
compound inside the cable box (except 11kV Cable connected to ETx).
Important Notes:

All works shall be carried out by a qualified 11kV Cable Jointer.

The Contractor shall be aware that when 11 kV PILC cables are terminated inside
a cable box, the complete system including the box becomes part of the insulation
system.
h) The following items whenever required shall be provided by contractor
(Optional)
1.Supply of connector fittings including modifications to 66kV busbar jumper
connections to match with the new Transformer 66kV Bushings.
2. Supply for 11kV cable box bitumen compound.
3. Supply of 66kV Neutral cable (if found short of length) including all
consumables such as lugs, terminals, cable markers/ferrules, cable
trays, cable ties etc.
4. Supply of of LV & Control cables (if found short of length) including all
consumables such as lugs, terminals, cable markers/ferrules, cable
trays, cable ties, auxiliary relays, lambs etc.
5. Supply/ replacement of 9 nos. 1 core 630mm2 Cu & 3 nos. of
1Cx70mm2 PILC cable joints including termination kits, lugs & ferrules
as necessary.

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6. LV control wiring modifications to AVR and OLTC control panel of


existing Tx for parallel operation.
7. Design, supply and installation of new alarms, Status signals including
updating existing schemes.
8. Additional charge to supply cable trays and cable clamps etc. inside
cable raceway.

A3.8

PROTECTION & TELEMETRY WORKS

Protection
1. All existing drawings required shall be collected in advance. Any of the
schematics that are missing shall be reconstructed from the available
records/information/data.
2. All of the existing relays/ICTs/Meters/Auxiliary relays etc on 66 kV as well as
11 kV Relay panels/Control panels shall be retained and used for the new
Transformer.
3. Defective Protection/metering equipment on Relay panels/Control panels
brought to the immediate attention of KM during dismantling/testing will be
issued to Contractor free of charge. Any defects not intimated to KM shall
be replaced by the Contractor with no extra cost to KM.
4. Any Additional Materials such as Auxiliary Relay, Wires, Lamps, etc other
than main Protection Relay shall be supplied by the Contractor, if required.
5. For the purpose of this Tender/Contract, the auxiliary cables mean all cables
other than 11 kV Power cables which serves; a) Electrical equipment
connections, b) Protection circuitry and c) Interconnection of Protection,
inter-tripping, Control and communication. The cables in general are multicore and operate at nominal voltages of 48 ~ 110 V DC or 240 V AC. They
are required when voltage drop considerations are important and during
commissioning where particular attention shall be paid to voltage drop
associated with trip coil currents. The earthing of the armour at both ends to
screen the conductors from induced voltages and to maintain armour at
safe earth potential are important considerations. The Contractor is,
therefore, responsible to take due account of the specifications of the
installed cables that require replacement fully or partially.
6. All Existing Control Cables shall be removed from the terminals and
recovered for reinstallation. If any of the control cables are found short or
not reusable due to deterioration of electrical and mechanical properties,
aging or due to damages caused during removal shall be replaced by
identical or near equivalent cables. All newly supplied control cables shall
be of copper sheathed, steel wire armoured, XLPE/PVC insulated, LSOH
outer sheathed, multi-core, multi-stranded copper conductors each of 2.5

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mm2 cross section(minimum). For CT application the cross section shall be


same or higher than existing. In general, if additional cabling/ replacement
of existing Control cabling to be done, the same shall be envisaged with
proper engineering. All the terminals and terminations in Control and Relay
Panels shall be inspected and tightened before start of testing. Any
damaged Terminals/terminations shall be changed with suitable new
Terminals/terminations.
7. Control Cable for 66 kV Neutral CT shall be properly connected to 66 kV
Neutral CT if any short fall in length, cable shall be replaced with new cables
of the same specification. Control cable ferruling, cable ties, cable trays and
other accessories required shall be supplied by the contractor.
8. Protection schematic drawings and wiring shall be modified accordingly and
to match for New Transformer.
9. It is to be checked and clarified that new transformer 66/11kV Tx (to be
installed) has HV NCT identical to the existing transformer and the existing
ETx will be retained.
10. ETx NCT details (11kV) to be checked and clarified suitable for Protection.
11. At each substation, both Power Transformers are to be operated in parallel,
hence, the OLTC is to be worked in Master/ Follower mode as existing. The
existing OLTC Control panels equipped with Master/Follower and
Auto/Independent selector switches and AVRs are to be retained (these
existing panels were already working in parallel). The OLTC of the new
Transformer shall be wired to the existing OLTC Control panel to make it
working in parallel with the existing Transformer. The parallel operation of
AVRs/OLTC shall be proved before energization of the Transformer.
12. After the installation of transformers and completion of cabling/wiring,
comprehensive testing of all primary equipment like CTs, HV & LV side
protection, AVR including parallel operation, Stability tests by primary
injection of differential, HV & LV REF, verification of all alarms, controls,
Measurements and indications at Local Control Panels as well as National
Control Centre/DGCC, Functional and Trip tests shall be carried out. On
load tests shall also be carried out to supplement the commissioning tests.
General cleaning of the Relay, Control cubicles as well as Control panels
shall be done by the Contractor.
13. The Protection Scope shall include;
Engineering and Setting calculations of all protections including 87C
at both ends & 87C+T as necessary,
Bushing CT tests on new transformer end, Testing the Protection
Relays at final approved settings,
CT Tests and Secondary Injection tests on all CTs on 66kV & 11kV
sides shall be carried out.

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Stability tests of 87C+T/87C/87T/REF protections by Primary


Injection,
On-load stability checks and directionality checks of DOC protection,
DGCC End to End tests (of SCADA) of alarms and Measurements,
Local Alarm/ Measurement checks, Final Trip tests etc.

The Engineering, Setting calculations/ Testing of Relays/ Stability tests etc


shall be done by respective Relay manufacturer (of 87C & 87C+T
Protection) only and their Engineers competency will be approved by
Protection Section through Interview. Only KM approved Protection
Engineers shall work under the Project for Protection related activities
including updating of Schematic drawings. The Relay Settings, Method of
Statement of testing & Commissioning, Test Formats, Commissioning
checklists, etc. shall be submitted for Kahramaa review and approval at
least two months before the start of protection work.
a) APS-Naeeja East 66kV Tx feeder:
This feeder is provided with 7SD600 Pilot wire protection (SIEMENS
Relay). At present both sides are having 400/1 CT ratio. 87C (SIEMENS)
by SIEMENS Protection Engineer to be tested and commissioned.
b) GHA-KTS 66kV Tx feeder:
This feeder is provided with Pilot Wire protection (REYROLLE Relay). At
present both sides are having 400/1 CT ratio. 87C (REYROLLE) by
SIEMENS Protection Engineer to be tested and commissioned.
14. Two sets of Design Drawing & 4 sets of as built drawing and final relay
settings shall be submitted in both hard and soft copy.
15. CT Details: The CT details for the existing HV and LV side protections are
as follows:
Descriptio
n
66kV Side

11kV Side
HV Neutral
CT

Appendix-A

Italtrafo 66/11kV 20/25MVA Tx


Phase CTs:

Core 1: Ratio: 400-300/1A; Class: X;


30VA

Core 2: Ratio: 250/1A;


Class 5P10; 40VA

Core 3: Ratio: 250/1A Class: X; 30VA


800/5A, Class 1, Burden 15VA (WTI)
Ratio: 250/1A; Class: X (66kV REF)

Brush 66/11kV 25/30MVA Tx


Phase CTs:

Core 1: Ratio: 300-250/1A; Class:


5P20

Core 2: Ratio: 300-250/1A; Class: X

Core 3: Ratio: 300-250/1A;


Class: X; 40VA
1500/2.2, Class 1, Burden 150VA,
Ratio: 300-250/1A; Class: X 30VA
VK>=400v
Provided with Matching Current
Transformers at the lower CT ratio end at

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Naeeja East end.


11 kV
Neutral CT

11kV Side

TAMINI 11/0.415 KV ETx


Ratio: 1500/1, Class-X (11kV REF)
Ratio: 750/1, Class 5P10 (11kV SBEF)
Phase CTs (in 11kV switchgear)
Core 1: Ratio: 1500/1A; Class: 5P10, 10VA; (Diff. & LV REF Prot.)
Core 2: Ratio: 1500/1A; Class: 5P10, 15VA; (TC OC)
Core 3: Ratio:1500/1A;Class 5P10, 15VA; (Metering Directional O/C Prot.)

Telemetry
1. The existing SCADA interface scheme & wiring remotely control and
monitor the substation equipment from National control centre (NCC). After
the installation of Transformers, End to end test from Equipment source to
Control Centres (NCC) should be done to verify all Alarms, Controls,
Measurements and Indication of the Transformer Bay.
2. Any new Alarms if required should be terminated in Telemetry Interface
Panel (TDB) and same should be informed to KM SCADA team in advance
for Database Amendment in NCC & to confirm the Utilization of the Spare
Inputs for any Additional Signals/Inputs and same should be checked during
end to end testing.
3. All SCADA As built drawings should be updated for new/additional signal
requirements if any & the Copy of the Red Mark Up/As Built Drawings to be
handed over to KM/Telecom.
Any activity not mentioned above but necessary for the total
completion of protection/ telemetry work shall be executed by the
Contractor with no extra charge to KM.
A3.9

CIVIL WORKS (Optional)

If the transformer foundation is required to be modified the following works shall be


included .
a) Detailed site survey works at approved locations and prepare lay out drawings
based on the site survey works condition for KM approval.
b) Preparation of detail construction drawings including bar bending
schedule.
c) Dismantling works for modification of transformer foundation, cabletrenches, foundation of marshalling kiosk and neutral CTS.
d) Construction/Modification of foundations and cable trenches to suit
dimension of new transformer.

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e) Modification works for the following are also included such as; water proofing
applications, cable trenches, foundation for earthing transformer, marshalling
kiosk, neutral CTs, (bund wall provision if they have enough space) oil sumpit
etc. any modification works as per required for suitable erection of the brush
transformer.
f) Any other modifications that are required for succesful upgradation and proper
maintenance shall be carried out by Contractor.
g) In case required to dismantle temporarily the boundary walls, main gate or any
parts of boundary walls, all dismantle materials should be store in a safe and
proper location.
h) Re-instatement of all works as per original site condition or better.
NOTE:

The contractor shall provide complete works even if the equipment or


services are not mentioned specifically herein.
Reinstatement of all civil structures on same condition such as precast
boundary wall panels, precast top beams, interlock tiles, electrically
operational main gates, electrical wiring facilities, etc. any damages happen
during the reinstatement of panel walls, main gates, lights, etc are
Contractors responsibility.

The specifications below are applicable for the civil works, as appropriate.
A3.91 Earth & Rock Work
General

The following activities as defined hereafter are covered under earth and
rockwork.
Clearing and grubbing
Excavation of top soil
Open cut excavation
Backfilling
Safety precaution during earthwork
Mining or underground excavation (if required)
Grading
Replacement of material
Trench excavation for service lines
Embankments

The Contractor shall satisfy himself as to the ground conditions on the site including
the nature of the strata to be excavated, obstructions, possibilities of dewatering,

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flooding and similar and shall allow for all provisions necessary to carry out the work in
the most suitable manner when submitting his tender.
A3.92 Fill Materials
All materials (new and recovered materials in the process of excavation) prior to filling
shall be approved KM. They shall consist of Selected Fill & Ordinary Fill and/or a
combination thereof, as categorized blow. The selected fill shall be used below and
around structures. Ordinary fill shall be used for no built areas.
Selected Fill

Well graded (uniformity index not less than 5),


Non-cohesive and nearly silt-free (silt content not to exceed 5 %;),
Salt free (content less than 3%),
Soils free of organic matter (limit 2%).
Does not contain decomposed or compressible materials.
Free of stones larger than 5cm.
Nature and character shall be such that it can be compacted to
the specified densities in a reasonable length of time.
Shall be free of highly plastic clays,
Free of all materials subject to decay, decomposition or
dissolution,
Free of cinders or other materials which will corrode; piping or
other metal.

Ordinary Fill

Natural inorganic soils: salt content not exceeding 5%,


Organic matter less than 3%.
For other properties see under 'Selected fill'.

A3.93 Existing Services


Any buried services (i.e. pipes, cables, etc) that might interfere with the excavation
profiles, irrespective of whether such structures are described in this Specification or
not, shall be removed or otherwise handled as instructed by KM. Re-routing/reconstruction of existing services shall be done without additional cost and to KM
satisfaction.
A3.94

Protection of Existing Utilities and Services

During construction the Contractor shall provide protection for existing utilities and
services by his construction operations. Permanent protection of certain items, if any,
shall be as included under other sections or as instructed by KM. In addition to the

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requirements specified herein the Contractor shall comply with the following
requirements:

A3.95

Use all necessary precaution and protective measures required to maintain


existing utilities, services and appurtenances that must be kept in
operation. The Contractor shall take adequate measures to prevent
undermining of utilities and services presently in use.
Protect existing and new utilities and services where required by the
Contractors operations and/or as directed by KM. The Contractor shall be
responsible for bracing and supporting utilities and services to prevent
settlement, displacement or damage.
Concrete Mixes

a) General Description of Proportions and Mixing


For all concrete structures, micro silica (max. 10% of cement content) and
epoxy coated rebars shall be used with addition of a corrosion inhibitor.
The mix proportions shall be determined by proper mix design based on the
requirements for strength, workability and the particular site in which the
concrete is to be placed. The mix design shall be carried out by the
Contractor within the scope of this Contract. The design of mixes shall be
based on the principles of QCS, BS 8110, Part 1 or DIN 1045.
Concrete aggregates and cement shall be proportioned and batched by
weight. Water and liquid additives shall be proportioned. If the Contractor
wishes to use cement in bulk, his method of obtaining the correct
proportions of cement shall be approved by KM before use.
b) Grades of Concrete
The grade of concrete shall be designated by reference to its specified minimum
crushing strength at 28 days and the maximum size of aggregate specified.

The concrete grades to be used in the Works shall be as follows:


Reinforced concrete
- Grade 40
Reinforced concrete in water retaining structures
- Grade 35
Mass concrete
- Grade 30
Blinding and filling
- Grade 20
Evidence must be submitted to KM for each grade of concrete to be used
showing that the proposed mix proportions and production methods will
produce concrete of the required quality.
The following information must be provided before a designed mix will be
approved:
1. The nature and source of all materials
2. Proposed quantities of each ingredient per cubic metre of
fully compacted concrete
3. Full details of tests on trial mixes.

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Under no circumstances shall the water/cement ratio exceed 0.45.


Permeability tests shall be carried out on 7 days old 75 mm dia cylindrical
cores. 75 mm long, drilled from 150 mm concrete cubes in accordance with
BS 1881 Part 122.
Control limit is taken from the CONCRETE SOCIETY REPORT,
Permeability Testing of Site Concrete, Nov. 1985
Low Permeability concrete absorption not greater than 3%
The water content shall be defined as the free water in the aggregate
(including absorbed water) plus the liquid component of any admixtures plus
the quantity of water to be added.

Total Permitted Salt Content in any Mix

Type of Work

Total acid soluble


Chloride (as NaCl)
(% by weight of cement)

Total acid soluble


Sulphate (as SO3)
(% by weight of cement)

Unreinforced Concrete SRC

0.15%

4%

Reinforced Concrete OPC

0.30%

4%

Mass Concrete

0.60%

4%

The temperature of concrete shall not exceed 32C measured at discharge from the
transport mixing truck.
c) Grouting
The methods and programme for grouting under machinery beds, stanchion
bases and similar shall be submitted for KAHRAMAA approval prior to
carrying out any work.
All grouts such as special non-shrinkage mortar and concrete used in the
works shall contain approved non-shrink agents, and shall be applied in full
accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Epoxy resin grouts shall be specially formulated for the conditions under
which they are proposed to be placed and for the loading to be transmitted.
They shall be stored, mixed and used in accordance with the Manufacturer's
instructions.
The surface of the concrete shall be thoroughly scrabbled and all dirt, oil,
grease and paint shall be removed from the surface of the base plates,
which shall be in contact with the grout etc.
The concrete shall be thoroughly wetted for 12 hours before cementitious
grout or mortar is placed.
Where a poured liquid grout is used, the grouting area shall be bounded by
leak-proof vertical shuttering which shall be set with its upper edge at least

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A4.

25 mm above the underside of the base plate and giving at the same time at
least 50 mm clearance around all edges of the plate.
The grout shall be poured into the form from one side only so that it flows
under the base plate expelling air before it. No air shall be entrained in the
grout while mixing nor shall air be trapped under the base plate etc. while
pouring. The finished level of the grout after pouring shall be at least 10 mm
above the level of the underside of the base plate.
To avoid crack formation and the subsequent moisture entry to the
underside of the base plate, a groove shall be formed between base plate
edge and grout which shall be filled with an approved sealant.

TEST EQUIPMENT, TOOLS & MACHINERY

a) The Contractor shall provide, operate & maintain all the necessary test and
special equipment, tools and machinery that will be required to carry out the
contractual works.
b) All instruments and test equipment shall be non-invasive to the object under test.
They shall have safety features against shock risk emergency tripping & valid
calibration certificates. The instruments and test equipment shall be operated by
trained experienced & competent persons acceptable to KAHRAMAA.
c) All Tools and Machinery shall be maintained in very good condition and as
required for work to be carried out.
d) Should there be failure or fault on the instruments, they shall be repaired or
replaced such that there will be no interruption to the Project Execution
Programme.
e) The contractor is responsible to use professional quality tools of correct size and
torque to remove bolted connections safely and reinstalling them without damage
or over tightening.
f) All test equipment shall have valid calibration certificates and the sticker issued by
the independent testing agency pasted on the equipment.
g) Availability of investigative/diagnostic test equipment shall be the contractors
responsibility.

A5.

DETAILED ENGINEERING & DOCUMENTATION

General
a) All documents, i.e. Data, Inspection & test reports, Digital images, Daily Reports,
Progress reports, Method Statements, Payment Certificates etc. submitted to KM
shall be produced on a PC and a colour laser printer of commercial grade and of

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adequate capacity which are run on the latest versions of software packages. The
printed copies shall be submitted together with a soft copy.
b) It is recommended that Technical document submittals for approval shall be
segregated separately, as per the discipline so that they could be reviewed and
processed fast track by the concerned sections of KM, i.e.; Substations, Cables,
Protection, SCADA & Telemetry and Civil (as necessary). It is the Contractors
responsibility to follow up, revise and seek approval of KM.
c) All documents & digital images remain the property of KM and shall not be used,
copied, disclosed or transmitted to external agencies or used for commercial
purposes or to seek advantage during competitive bidding of contracts with other
agencies & clients. Unauthorised publication, printing, reproduction and copying
without the written consent of KM during the Contract period or any time thereafter
are prohibited. The recorded material, negatives, originals and copies thereof
remain the property of KM. They shall be returned to KM at the end of Contract.
d) The Contractor is responsible to maintain digital images/photographs of all works
carried out (before, during and after). It shall further be noted that Photography
and video recording of KM installations other than contractors work are not
permitted.
e) Replacements, Modifications, New installations and additions to existing
installations shall be entered as revisions to the existing As Built Drawings. In
this regard, it is the responsibility of the Contractor to ensure that all requirements
in line with the specifications set forth by GIS Data Base Section of Electricity
Network Affairs are complied fully without exceptions.
Documentation with Tender (for Power Transformers)
The Tender shall contain at least the following information and documents:
a) General arrangement drawings, showing particulars of all associated
equipment and accessories, their overall dimensions, shipping and
lifting dimensions, mass of the complete transformers, their
components, and oil, etc. as well as details about the required
foundations.
b) Schematic diagram of cooling system.
c) Manufacturing specification of the proposed types of transformers and
associated equipment.
d) Reference lists of transformers of the same types as quoted, installed in
similar climatic and service conditions.
e) Detailed description of core assembly comprising:
1. Properties of materials used for the core and coil assembly,

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2.
3.
4.
5.

Core construction,
Core clamps,
Yoke/limb joints,
Oil ducts.

f) Detailed technical information on the coil assembly including the


following:
1. Winding construction,
2. Wire preparation and insulation,
3. Inter-turn insulation,
4. Taps,
5. Coil clamping processing,
6. Detailed description of facilities and methods proposed for
carrying out the test,
7. Descriptive catalogues and literature on the proposed types of
transformers, protective relays and cooling systems.
g) Type test certificates from an independent testing authority or
independently witnessed;
h) Quality Management System Manual and ISO Certificate of the
equipment manufacturer.
Other important documents to accompany the offer
a) Contractors Project Organization identifying the key personnel supported with
CVs, certificates of qualification and experience.
b) Contract Execution Plan, highlighting the Milestones [Tentative] from mobilization
to the end of target project completion.
c) Method statement [Typical] including the disconnection, dismantling,
transportation, handling of the equipment and associated components, erection,
installation, assembly and commissioning of the transformer].
d) Deviations to Appendix A, if any, with justification.
e) Any other related document as required by KM during the technical
offer/clarifications.
Operation and Maintenance Instruction Manuals
a) Prior to the issue of the Certificate of Operational Responsibility, the
Contractor shall forward to KAHRAMAA for its approval four (4) copies of
Operation and Maintenance Instruction Manuals.

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b) After checking and approval by KAHRAMAA, the Contractor has to


provide:
- 3 sets hard copies
- 3 sets in CD ROMs
c) The Taking Over Certificate will not be issued until the required number
of approved copies of the manuals has been provided by the Contractor.
d) The Instruction manual's contents shall conform to the table of contents
and be as complete and specific as possible. Documentation shall be
specific to the materials and equipment supplied under the Contract.
Nomenclature or reference to any one item shall be consistent
throughout the manual.
e) Use shall be made of drawings, diagrams, pictures or actual
photographs when they add to the understanding and clarify the text.
f) Precautions and warning relative to the safety of life and equipment
shall be included.
g) The operation and maintenance manuals and instructions shall be
provided in plastic folders for each page/leaf.
h) The instructions for operation shall be accurate and easy to understand
and shall contain the sequence of individual manipulations required for
operation. The information shall be prepared in such a manner that the
contents can be also used for instructing untrained personnel in the
operation of the control system and its components.
i) The maintenance manuals shall contain a complete and accurate
description of the equipment, its assembly and dismantling as well as of
all components and a copy of the relevant test reports. An accurate list
stating clearances, tolerances, temperatures, fits, etc. is required.
j) The first page of each instruction manual section shall be a title page.
One section shall be concerned with regular and preventive
maintenance and shall indicate the inspections required at regular
intervals, the inspection procedure, the routine for equipment
calibration and adjustment, the regular safety checks and similar types.
k) The method of binding, segregation of contents and number of volumes
for each section of works shall be to the approval of KAHRAMAA.
l) KAHRAMAA reserves the right to specify a uniform cover (loose-leaf
folder) for all operating and maintenance instruction produced by the
Contractor for individual equipment.

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As-Built Documentation
a) After the completion of work on Site all installation documentation shall
be revised where necessary to show the equipment as installed and
three (3) copies of revised drawings shall be submitted to approval.
b) A complete set of approved records shall be provided comprising, one
full size reproducible copy using synthosil sheet and one full size print.
These shall be endorsed "As-Built" and shall be correctly titled and carry
KAHRAMAA's approval number, Contractor's drawing number and where
appropriate KAHRAMAA's number allocated to the item.
c) The Contractor shall use a commercially available IBM-PC compatible
word processing and adequate graphic software to produce its as-built
deliverable documentation. The Contractor shall also provide 8 (eight)
sets magnetic media copy of documentation, e.g., CD-ROMs, including
O&M manuals. The media copy shall be a clean copy containing only
the final version of each document.
d) As-built drawings, layouts, etc. for the existing installations which are to
be modified under this Contract shall be revised by the Contractor to
show correctly the existing and modified work to give a correct record
of the complete as-built works. This may require the Contractor to
produce a new base negative from which good quality copies can be
taken (in accordance with the above requirements) if the original
negative is not available or the original negative made available is of
poor quality.
e) These documents shall be deemed to form part of the works for the
purpose of Taking Over of the works.
f) The Contractor shall also provide free-of-charge any additional drawings
and/or copies of any drawing required by KAHRAMAA.
g) All drawings, samples and models shall be submitted in accordance
with the provisions in the Schedules and shall become the property of
KAHRAMAA.
Procedure for Delivery of Some Documentation
Unless otherwise specified, the Contractor shall submit the following
documentation/information to KAHRAMAA for review and approval.
a) Within 15 Days after Effective Date of the Contract
Detailed Contract Programme containing design, approval of design,
ordering of materials, manufacture, shop testing, delivery, erection,
site testing and commissioning.
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Detailed list of documentation submittals with documentation


classification plan.
Detailed proposal of the Monthly Progress Report format.
Contractors safety and security programme and other required
documents.

b) Before Beginning of Manufacture


Loading of foundations for all items of equipment to be supplied, and
details of anchoring and supporting.
Detailed manufacture drawings/documentation and software designs
with all important technical data, final assembly drawings, control
schemes, block and circuit diagrams and giving full information about
principle of operation, cabling and wiring diagrams.
RAL colour code for finish paint of equipment.
Detailed information (type, make, formula) of products employed to
carry out the factory paints.
c) During Manufacture
Monthly progress reports,
Certificate of inspections,
Certificate of tests,
d) 90 Days Before Commencement of Commissioning
Detailed programme and site test proposal (commissioning tests).
Operating and Maintenance Instructions for approval.
e) Before Taking Over
Spare parts storage instructions
Final commissioning report
Final operating and maintenance instructions
"As-built" drawings, magnetic media copy of as-built documentation
(CD-ROM).

A6.

CONTRACTORS PROJECT ORGANISATION

a) The Contractor shall establish the following organization structure, as per the
Qualifications, Experience and Responsibilities detailed in Appendix E
-Contractors Resources.
b) The CVs and complete details of the key personnel complying with the following
requirements shall be submitted along with the offer.
c) They shall have a good command in English language (speaking, reading &
writing) and shall be above 21 years of age but, not more than 60 years old. A

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general statement that the organization structure and the names of the persons
would be made known to KM after the award is unacceptable.
d) Engaging persons for site work who are not qualified or not related to the trade
(examples, Clerks, Farmers, office staff etc.) or unskilled workmen are not
allowed.
e) During the Contract Period, the personnel approved by KM shall not leave State
of Qatar on vacation or for any other purpose without prior approval of
KAHRAMAA. If the duration outside State of Qatar is more than three consecutive
working days, covering up duties of the concerned shall be arranged in advance
acceptable to KM.
A6.1
a)

PROJECT ORGANISATION KEY PERSONNEL


Project Manager/Engineer
Minimum Qualifications:
B.Sc. Degree in Electrical Engineering from a recognized institution,
university or college acceptable to KM.

Minimum Experience:
A total of at least five (05) years experience in an Electrical Power Utility or
Company as an Electrical Engineer in Transmission Substation
Conversant with all aspects of safety with high voltage installations.
Sound knowledge of International standards.
Responsibilities:
Technical Presentation of compliance to KM safety procedures during
the mobilisation period.
Attend progress meetings presided by KM.
Ensure that all works are in accordance with the Contract, Technical
requirements etc.
Smooth administration of the contract,
Complete all works within the agreed period of time.
Carry out all works in accordance with the Contract, Technical
requirements etc
Prevent damage to plant & equipment of KM occasioned by Contractors
work.
Supervise subordinates work.
Prepare and submit Programme, progress reports, inspection reports.
Responsible for Security Passes for the Contractors Personnel
Implement KM Safety Procedures, Rules & regulations, and Quality
Standards throughout the Contract.

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b)

Safety Officer
Minimum Qualifications:
Diploma in Health, Safety & Environment (HSE) from a recognised
institution, university or college acceptable to KM.
Note:

It is mandatory that the candidate shall receive authorization from


KM-HSE Department.

Minimum Experience:
A total of at least eight (04) years experience as a Certified Safety
Officer in an Electrical Power Utility or a Construction Company in a
multi-national environment of personnel from various countries with
multi-lingual and multi-cultural backgrounds and at various levels of
skills.
Responsibilities:
Safety of MAN & MACHINE shall be the TOP MOST priority at all times.
Ability of hazard study for Health, Fire, Safety, Environment and Risk
assessment at work place.
Communicate effectively and accurately with all Contractors staff and
with KM and ensure that the Contractors work is carried out in a safe
environment with utmost priority assigned to human safety.
Conversant with KM Safety Rules & Regulations and the relevant Code
of Practices to ensure safe and incident free work at site.
Ensure that the Contractors personnel who are required to be authorized
to obtain KM Safety Documents are trained for strict compliance with KM
Safety Rules.
Ensure that every single person involved in Transmission network
activities understand and obey KM Safety Rules & Regulations and the
relevant Code of Practices to ensure safe and incident free operations.
Conduct random on the spot safety checks including PPE of Contractors
staff.
c)

Project Engineer (Substations)/ Lead Engineer In Charge


Minimum Qualifications:
B.Sc. Degree in Electrical Engineering from a recognized institution,
university or college acceptable to KM.
Minimum Experience:

Appendix-A

A total of at least four (04) years experience in an Electrical Power Utility


or Company as an electrical engineer in Transmission Substation
Construction, Operation and Maintenance

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Conversant with all aspects of safety with high voltage installations.


Sound knowledge of International standards.

Responsibilities:
Receive Safety documents of KM
Carry out all works at site in accordance with the Contract, Technical
requirements etc.
Dismantle, Transport and installation of equipment including safety
during handling and transportation of equipment.
Submit Programme, progress reports, inspection reports,
Prepare engineering drawings including modifications to existing as built
drawings.
Attend progress meetings presided by KM.
Smooth administration of the contract,
Implement KM Safety Procedures, Rules & regulations, and Quality
Standards.
Prevent damage to plant & equipment of KM.
Complete all works within the agreed period of time.
Study Record drawings and as built drawings.
Supervise subordinates work.
Testing and commissioning.
d)

Civil Engineer/Supervisor
Minimum Qualifications:
B.Sc. Degree/Diploma in Civil Engineering or Building Services
Engineering from a recognized institution, university or college
acceptable to KM.
Minimum Experience:
A total of at least four (04) years experience in Power Utility or Company
as a Civil Engineer responsible for Transmission Substation
Construction
Conversant with all aspects of safety with high voltage installations.
Sound knowledge of International standards.
Responsibilities:
Prepare civil construction drawings for approval of KM
Receive Safety documents of KM
Prevent damage to plant & equipment of KM.
Complete all works within the agreed period of time.
Study Record drawings and as built drawings.
Supervise subordinates work.

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e)

Testing/Protection/Telecom Engineer
Minimum Qualifications:
B.Sc. Degree in Electrical & Electronics Engineering from a recognized
institution, university or college acceptable to KM.
Minimum Experience:
A total of at least four (04) years experience in an Electrical Power Utility
or Company as a Protection Engineer in Transmission Substation
commissioning and Maintenance with sound knowledge in the Field of
Power system Protection and Control circuitry
Conversant with all aspects of safety with high voltage installations.
Sound knowledge of International standards.
Very Important: As the intended work is at a Live Substation, it is mandatory
that the proposed Engineer shall appear for KM interview as part of KM
Protection approval.
Responsibilities:
Receive Safety documents of KM
Carry out all works at site in accordance with the Contract, Technical
requirements etc.
Implement KM Safety Procedures, Rules & regulations, and Quality
Standards.
Study Record drawings and as built drawings.
Modify/revise existing protection/telemetry scheme drawings to suit with
the existing scenario.
Supervise subordinates work.
Testing and commissioning.

f)

Cable Jointer
Minimum Qualifications:
A Trade Certificate of Competence issued by a jointing school
acceptable to KM certifying his experience as an experienced 11 kV
Cable Jointer of PILC & XLPE Cables
Experience:
At least 5 years experience in 11 kV Cable jointing in a Power Utility or a
Cable Contracting and/or Installation company.
Duties:
Read and understand Engineering drawings, installation instructions
All activities related to 11 kV Cable laying, Jointing and Terminating.

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g)

Receive Safety documents of KM

Substation Supervisor/Erector
Minimum Qualifications:
Diploma in Electrical Engineering from a recognized institution,
university or college acceptable to KM or
Minimum Experience:
Total experience not less than eight (08) years in Transmission
Substation Construction, Operation and Maintenance.
Fully conversant with safety precautions and procedures for work in live
environment.
Read and understand instructions, drawings and procedures set out in
Operation & Maintenance Manuals.
Duties:
Receive Safety documents of KM.
Strict implementation of KM Safety Procedures, Rules & regulations, and
Quality Standards.
Read and understand installation instructions, record drawings.
Supervise subordinates work.
Carry out all Electrical and Civil works at site
Excavation & Backfilling
Prevent damage to plant & equipment of KM and of other utilities.
Complete all works within the agreed period of time.
Ensure Display boards, danger boards, road signs, warning lights etc
are provided and work area secured day and night.
Testing and commissioning.

h) Other positions not stated above which are required to achieve


the project objective shall be included in the Project Organization
Structure.
Notes:
1. If any of the skilled & Semi skilled workmen engaged in the Project are not
the direct employees of the Contractor, it shall be declared in their offer
describing the arrangements made with the subcontractor for engaging
labour.
2. Engaging unskilled workmen in the Contract is not allowed.

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A7.

ASSESSMENT OF SITE PERSONNEL

a) All the Contractors personnel shall be assessed, interviewed and trade tested.
The assessment may take the form of a trade test and/or interview on the
following.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Knowledge of Safety Rules and Procedures of KM.


Verification of Certificates.
Competency, Skill and experience in the respective field of specialty.
Knowledge of English language.

b) Any assessment made of Contractors personnel during the evaluation of tender


shall not entitle the Contractor from engaging such persons unless specifically
authorized. The assessment may be a trade test and/or interview. The Contractor
shall nominate fresh candidates if they fail to satisfy KM in the second attempt.
c) It should further be noted that KM reserves the right to reject any or all persons
found incompetent at any time during the Contract and the Contractor shall take
immediate steps to replace such persons.

A8.

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA OF THE CONTRACTOR

a) The Contractor is required to apply and implement the latest innovative


technology and Engineering design standards.
b) If any particular resource necessary for the Project is not available with the
Contractor; for example, skilled and semi-skilled workmen, machinery, heavy
lifting equipment, tools and test instruments, they shall be clearly declared in the
offer describing the arrangements made with the subcontractor(s) including
workmen compensation and all risks.
c) The Contractor shall cover all local and overseas handling and transportation
including all costs, Custom Duties, Taxes etc.
d) All works and associated activities thereto shall be carried out by the Contractor,
including supply of materials. The responsibility of KM will be limited to all forms of
Approvals of Contractors resources & Materials, Issuance of Security Passes,
Authorization of Contractors Personnel, Approval of Method Statement including
Test Sheets and forms, Issuance of safety documents, Witnessing Tests and reenergisation. Handling Transformer oil and disposal shall be done by contractor
strictly to HSE regulations.
e) The Bidder/Contractor is required to amply demonstrate their capabilities
particularly with respect to the following in their technical offer, i.e.:
1. Financial capability,
2. Experience of key personnel engaged in the work.

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3. Confirmation of availability of the personnel to be engaged immediately on


the Contract, subject to approval of KAHRAMAA.
4. Availability of Tools, equipment, Test Instruments and storage facility,
5. Method Statements.
6. Execution Programme identifying milestones.

A9.

QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CERTIFICATE

a) Bidder/Contractor is informed that KM holds Quality Management System


Certificate; ISO 9001:2008.
b) As KAHRAMAA is committed to continual improvement in all processes and raise
performance standards while meeting statutory and regulatory requirements, the
same degree of quality performance or better is expected from the Contractor.

A10. MOBILIZATION
a) The term Mobilisation means the act of preparing and organising resources by the
Contractor to be actively engaged in the Contract.
b) The award of Contract following an assessment of the Tender shall not imply
approval in general to proceed with the work. The Contractor is fully responsible
to obtain approval during the mobilization period and prior to commencement of
work.
c) Mobilization period allowed at the time of award is thirty (30) Calendar days from
the Effective Date of the Contract. It shall include the following.
1. Acquisition/allocation of resources by the Contractor; i.e., Personnel,
Machinery, tools & equipment.
2. Establishing the Project Organization and deploying key personnel
approved by KM.
3. Project execution plan identifying the milestones.
4. Safety awareness and safety induction presentation by the Project
Manager encompassing the commitment of the Contractor ensuring safety
at work and in compliance with Safety Rules of KM.
5. Inspection of Contractors resources & facilities by KM.
6. Security passes for Contractors persons to enter KM Premises &
substations.
7. Approval of competent persons to receive safety documents.
8. Approval of Contractors materials.
9. Approval of outage Programme
10. Submission of method Statements, Test forms, Survey Report formats,
Toolbox meeting form.

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A11. HANDING OVER REMAINING MATERIALS TO KM


a) After the replacement of the transformers, the decommissioned/old transformers
including the local control cabinet and associated components shall be
transported to KM, Central Warehouse at Salwa Industrial Area. (Note: The
Transformer components are intended to be used as spares for maintenance)
b) Materials and components that have reusable value shall be returned to KM
Central Stores with proper packing for long storage for future use.
c) Items of no reusable value shall be deposited at KM scrap yard in Abu Hamour.
The contractor is responsible to provide wooden palette and steel drums for
transformer insulating used oil, including transporting and storing of these used oil
at KM scrap yard in an appropriate manner.

A12. SAFETY RULES


a) All activities inside the substations shall be governed by KM Safety Rules and
regulations.
b) For the safety personnel, all equipment inside the substation shall be considered
live and energized even though some of the equipment may remain deenergized. It is the responsibility of the Contractor to caution their employees to
remain alert about the dangers they are exposed to when inside a live substation.
c) The Contractor shall nominate competent persons who shall appear before an
Authorization Committee and obtain Authorization of KM to receive Safety
Documents. The candidates who fail to obtain authorization in the second attempt
shall be replaced.
d) In order to carry out any work inside the substation, the Contractor shall first
request a Safety Document which shall be issued by a Senior Authorized Person
of KM against a Method statement approved by KM.
e) At any one time, only one safety document could be held by an Authorized
person. It is the responsibility of the Contractor to present sufficient number of
candidates for the authorization interview based on the work at hand and ensure
that the work will proceed as per the approved Programme.

A13. SAFETY AT WORK


a) The safety of personnel is of highest importance. All equipment in the substation
shall be treated as live and energised. Caution is required when working within
close proximity to live equipment but, not in direct contact with them.

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b) At site workplace,(e.g. substation, KM store) contractor to sign & conduct daily


toolbox meeting for the awareness of all manpower resources before start any
work.
c) Strict adherence to KM Safety Rules and the requirements of KM, HSE
Department is mandatory.
d) Smoking at the place of work is strictly prohibited.
e) The Contractor shall be aware that a safety document issued by KM does not
necessarily mean that the Contractors obligation on electrical safety has been
fulfilled. It is, therefore, the Contractors responsibility to take all necessary
measures against possible induced voltages, voltage transients, transferred
potentials, or static voltage pick-ups on earthed equipment that may occur in the
process of dismantling or reassembling as the work is involved in areas where the
adjoining equipment and the substation earth is connected to the common grid.
The Contractor must ensure that the personnel are working at a safe distance
from live equipment to safeguard them against injury that may arise from
consequential damage of live equipment during a fault. The risk shall be assessed
and where necessary, suitable barriers shall be erected.
f) The working area shall be cordoned off from live energized equipment with
Caution/Danger/Men working sign boards displayed on all sides. The safety
officer of the Contractor shall daily visit the site and ensure that the working area
and the structure are safe for the workmen. Any incident, injury or a safety
violation shall be immediately reported to KM followed by a detail incident report.
It is the responsibility of the Contractor to discover, determine and also correct
unsafe conditions while performing the work.
g) All Contractors personnel including safety document holders shall carry Mobile
Telephones for contact.

A14. PROJECT EXECUTION PLAN


a) The contractor is responsible to prepare the detail works programme on MS
Projects or Primavera showing each stage of activity on a daily basis identifying
Milestones and obtain prior approval of KM. Sufficient margin shall be allowed to
take account of the following events and to compensate by assigning extra man
hours as required.
1. Delays that may be uncounted when taking plant out of service,
2. Obtaining Safety Documents and work permits,
3. Mobilization, demobilisation and remobilization, as may be required
depending on the Transmission System priorities and necessities.
4. Practical delays involved when complying with the standard operational
and safety practices and procedures of KM,

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5. Disruption and/or suspension of work arising from the network


operational requirements and exigencies,
6. Difficulties and delays encountered with bad weather conditions, if any,
7. Variations encountered with local site conditions,
8. Deficiencies and unforeseen Conditions encountered.
b) It is mandatory that the Contractor shall meet extra resources and complete all the
works in advance should the system operational needs dictate the circumstances
and demand to complete the work before the approved stipulated time period.
c) There shall be no stoppage, suspension or delay of work. All activities shall be
carried out in a pre-planned manner by deploying the resources and supported by
approved method statements, check sheets, forms, security passes etc.
d) The programme shall be drawn such that the outage for the removal of live
equipment will be requested only upon satisfactory completion of tests of the
existing equipment and confirming that there would be no problems faced by the
Contractor.
e) Provision shall be made by the Contractor to offer KM staff all assistance and
unconditional access in the Contractors working area including immediate
suspension of Contractors work in the event of an emergency.
f) The award of Contract following an assessment of the Tender shall not imply
approval in general to proceed with the work, instead it is the Contractors
responsibility to obtain approval during the mobilization period and prior to
commencement of work.

A15. METHOD STATEMENT


a) A method statement shall mean a detail step-by step procedure which shall
receive prior approval of KM. The Contractor shall note that a list of works to be
done is not accepted by KM as a method statement.
b) The method statement shall have a unique reference number.
c) Contractor shall not request for the issuance of a safety document
(LOA/PTW/SFT/ATRE) without surrendering a hard copy of the method
statement.
d) One copy of method statement shall be kept inside the substation for
review/verification of the Contractors site work by KM Safety Audit & Quality
Assurance Management team.
e) Work methods/activities carried out not mentioned under approved method
statement is unacceptable and shall be treated as rejected by KM.

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A16. PROGRESS MEETINGS


a) There shall be regular progress meeting, which shall be presided by KM. The
following persons shall attend the progress meeting.

Project Manager

Project Engineer (Substations) Lead Engineer in Charge

b) The decisions taken at the meeting is binding on the Contract.


c) The minutes/notes of the meetings (MOM) shall be written by the Contractor and
the draft submitted by email to KM nominated focal point by the next working day
for review. The MOM shall be a precise brief record of what was discussed.

A17. PROGRESS OF CONTRACT AND MONTHLY REPORT


a) The Contractor is responsible to ensure that the work is executed on time as per
the execution programme approved by KM. Should the Contractor anticipate a
delay it should be brought to the notice of Manager, Transmission Department in
writing giving reasons for delay. Acceptance or rejection of Contractors request for
extension of time with corresponding revision of the execution programme is at
the sole desertion of Manager, Transmission Department.
b) At the end of each month the Contractor shall submit directly to Manager,
Transmission Department a detail and accurate statement indicating the
cumulative progress as a percentage of the total value of the Contract.

A18. DEFECTS CLEARANCE AND WARRANTY


a) Deficiencies of Contractors supplied equipment, activities & components which
are considered Major as noticed during commissioning and during warranty
period shall be rectified immediately after taking the equipment out of service.
Deficiencies which are minor shall be included in the Defects List to be attended
according to an approved programme acceptable to KM.
b) The equipment after energization, during reliability period of 30 days of operation
and during warranty period, if any abnormality is evidenced as being occasioned
by Contractors work, they shall be remedied/rectified immediately, strictly as per
the requirements of KAHRAMAA.
c) Immediately after energization and during the 30 days of reliability period of
operation, Contractor shall obtain a Safety Document, LOA and inspect the
equipment. Any abnormalities observed shall be reported immediately.
d) During the warranty period Contractors shall be responsible at their own cost, for
the following.

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1. During summer, beginning from 01 st April to 30th September visually inspect


the Transformer as per the instructions of KM after obtaining an LOA.
2. After completion of one year, Contractor shall obtain an outage for visual
inspection and also for tests to identify the defects which shall be rectified
within the time frame specified and acceptable to KM.
3. Prior to the expiry of the Warranty Period, Contractor with KM
representative shall conduct thorough visual inspection of the transformer
to identify the defects which shall be rectified before the expiry of the
warranty period.
4. Replacement of desiccant as necessary.
5. Electrical testing of the transformer may be repeated before end of
warranty period depending upon KM decision at that stage.
Note: Contractor shall carry out investigative and supplementary test
immediately such defects arises affecting the operational condition and
reliability of the transformer at their cost.

A19. IDENTITY OF CONTRACTORS PERSONNEL


For the purpose of identification, the Contractor's workmen shall wear the Personal
Identity cards that display the name of employee & the name of the Contractor.

A20. SECURITY PASSES TO ENTER SUBSTATIONS


a) Unauthorized entry inside the substations without a valid Security Pass is
PROHIBITED. It shall be the responsibility of the Contractor to apply in advance
and obtain all passes including those necessary from other agencies to enter
substations in restricted areas & industrial sites.
b) It is mandatory that the applications (declaring the full name & profession) are
supported with copies of valid Residence Permits in the State of Qatar, Qatar ID
and photographs. KM shall not entertain any claims for idling time occasioned by
the Contractor or show cause to have agreed to relax requirements or provide
supporting documents to other agencies to expedite special requests of
Contractor (submitting documents which names appears in initials only is
unacceptable).
c) The Contractor shall be responsible for the internal security of KM Installations
within the limit of works and shall be liable for all damages from direct or
otherwise due to his own activities.
d) Upon the failure on the part of the Contractor to comply with any of the
requirements set forth herein, KM shall have the authority to stop any operations
of the Contractor until such time the conditions set forth are met or shortcomings

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remedied. No part of the time lost due to stoppage shall be made the subject of a
claim for extension of time or for increased costs or damages by the Contractor.
e) All charges, fees, transportation and any other expenditure shall be borne by the
Contractor.

A21. ACCESS TO SITES


It shall be the responsibility of the Contractor to apply in advance and obtain all
passes and other necessary documents for the intended work. At no time will KM
entertain any claims for idling time occasioned by the Contractor. All charges, fees and
any other expenditure shall be borne by the Contractor and such costs shall be
deemed to have been included when computing unit prices.

A22. WORKING HOURS


The Contractors normal working hours for this Contract (except during the month of
Ramadan) shall be the normal working hours of KM (6.30 AM to 2.30 PM, Sunday to
Thursday).

A23. WORKMANSHIP
a) The workmanship of the Contractor shall be to the best engineering practices and
in accordance with KM requirements and international standards.
b) The Contractor shall be familiar with the proper handling and care of machinery,
plants, tools and implements. It is the responsibility of the Contractor to provide
good quality tools & equipment commensurate with the work in hand and obtain
prior approval of KM for their use. The Contractor shall replace or replenish
immediately any item that has been rejected by KM in such a manner that the
work in hand will not suffer or cause any delay(s) in the completion of work on
time.
c) Upon the failure on the part of the Contractor to comply with any of the
requirements set forth herein, KM shall have the authority to stop any operations
of the Contractor until such time the conditions set forth are met or shortcomings
remedied. No part of the time lost due to stoppage shall be made the subject of a
claim for extension of time or for increased costs or damages by the Contractor.

A24. DAMAGES TO SERVICES AND UTILITY INSTALLATIONS


The Contractor shall be fully responsible for any damages to existing services, plant
and property occasioned by his operations. Any damages to services and utility
installations (including those KAHRAMAA) shall be remedied or rectified by the

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Contractor to the complete satisfaction of KAHRAMAA. Wherever remedial action or


rectification is not possible the Contractor shall pay compensation to KAHRAMAA.

A25. PRE- TENDERING SITE VISITS


KAHRAMAA shall arrange pre-tendering site visits to specified Substations before the
Bid Closing date which shall be attended by the prospective bidders.
Queries, if any, shall be addressed in writing and shall be delivered by hand or by fax
to Manager Transmission Department, 07 days prior to the closing date of offers.

A26. DURATION OF CONTRACT


a) The duration of Contract shall be TWENTY FOUR (24) MONTHS from the
EFFECTIVE DATE OF CONTRACT including mobilization period.
b) It should be noted that the actual site work is related to system outages which is
usually granted commencing from 01 November to 31 st March of the following
year. Hence, the Contractor shall be prepared to commence site work from the
first day of issuing PTW.
c) In the event KM could not grant outage due to system needs to complete the
Contract within the stipulated period, KM will grant an extension of time which the
Contractor shall abide with no contractual claims and no change to the unit rates
and total value of Contract.

A27. WARRANTY PERIOD


The Contractor shall offer TWO (2) YEARS warranty for the work carried out from the
issue date of the issuance of Taking-Over Certificate.

A28. TECHNICAL SCHEDULE


The technical data shall be filled in the following technical schedule where applicable
for new transformers.
66/11 kV, 25 MVA POWER
TRANSFORMERS

UNIT

DATA
Required

Offered

POWER TRANSFORMER
1

Manufacturer & Place of manufacturing

Appendix-A

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SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

66/11 kV, 25 MVA POWER


TRANSFORMERS

UNIT

DATA
Required

Type designation

Type

Two-winding three
phase, oil
immersed, core
type
IEC 60076-1, -2, -3,
-5, -10, 60214
NEMA TR1
Outdoor

Standards

Mounting

Rated voltage ratio

kV

66/11

Rated frequency

Hz

50

Vector group

Cooling 2-stage

10

Function of tertiary

11

Method of earthing
HV winding
LV winding

12

Offered

YNd1
ONAN/ONAF
NA

Directly
Solid via Earthing
transformer

Type (graded/non-graded) of windings


HV winding
LV winding
Stabilizing winding

Graded
Non graded
NA

13
Rated voltage of windings

14

15

16

HV winding

kV

66

LV winding

kV

11

Stabilizing winding

NA

Highest voltage for equipment


HV winding
LV winding
Stabilizing winding

kV
kV
kV

72.5
12
NA

Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage at:


HV terminal
LV terminal

kV
kV

325
75

Rated power frequency withstand voltage at


HV terminal
LV terminal

kV
kV

140
28

Appendix-A

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GTC/741/2015
SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

66/11 kV, 25 MVA POWER


TRANSFORMERS

UNIT

DATA

17

Rated power at site conditions (ONAF cooling)

MVA

Required
25

18

Rated power with ONAN cooling at site conditions

MVA

20

19

Rated power at site conditions (OFAF)

MVA

NA

20

Rate power of tertiary at site conditions

MVA

N/A

21

Maximum temperature rise at rated power at:


Windings
Hot spot of windings
Top oil
Oil at inlet of cooler
Oil at outlet of cooler
Core and other metalic parts

K
K
K
K
K
K

Temperature rise of winding due to short circuit


duration of 2 s and:
HV side short circuit current of 31.5kA
LV side short circuit current of 40 kA

K
K

22

23

Maximum No-load losses at rated voltage and rated


frequency (excluding auxiliary losses)

24

Maximum Load losses at 75C, and rated frequency:


At ONAF Cooling rated power and principal
tapping
At ONAF Cooling rated power and maximum
voltage ratio
At ONAF Cooling rated power and minimum
voltage ratio
At ONAN rated power and principal tapping

25

Total auxiliary losses at full load

27

kW

A/mm
2

LV winding

A/mm

Tapping

A/mm

Symmetrical short circuit withstand current (2 s) at:


HV terminals
LV terminals

kA
kA

Magnetizing current (HV winding)


At 90% rated voltage
At 100% rated voltage
At 110% rated voltage

A
A
A

Appendix-A

55
68
50

kW

Maximum current density at rated power:


HV winding

26

Offered

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40

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TRANSMISSION DEPARTMENT

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SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

66/11 kV, 25 MVA POWER


TRANSFORMERS

UNIT

DATA
Required

28

29

Maximum flux density in iron at rated voltage,


power frequency and principal tapping at:
Wound limbs
Unwound limbs
Yokes
Shields

T
T
T
T

Maximum flux density in iron at power frequency,


principal tapping and 105% rated voltage at:
Wound limbs
Unwound limbs
Yokes
Shields

T
T
T
T

30

Type of tap changing

31

Manufacturer of on-load tap changer

32

Type designation of on-load tap changer

33

TC Type Test Certificate

Yes

34

Tapped winding

HV

35

Type of flux voltage variation

36

Tapping range

37

Tapping step

38

Number of steps

39

Arrangement of tappings (Linear, Coarse/Fine,


Reversing)

40

Automatic voltage control

Yes

41

Type and Make of AVR Relay

NA

42

Impedance voltage range at 75C, rated frequency


and ONAN cooling:
- At principal tapping (negative tolerance in
value from the specified value is not
acceptable)
At maximum voltage ratio

Offered

On-load
Maintenance free
vacuum type

C.F.V.V
+6% -10%
1.25%
17

10%

At minimum voltage ratio


43

Resistance of winding at 75C and principal tapping:


HV side
/pha
se
LV side
/pha
se

Appendix-A

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SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

66/11 kV, 25 MVA POWER


TRANSFORMERS

UNIT

DATA
Required

44

45

Terminal connection
HV terminal
LV terminal
LV neutral terminal

46

Outdoor bushing

Cable box insulation


HV terminal
LV terminal
-

Offered

NA
Compound-Filled
Cable Box

LV neutral terminal

Isolating links for test purposes


HV terminal
LV terminal
-

NA
Flexible Removable
links
NA

LV neutral terminal

47
47.1

HV Bushing CTS

Current
transformers (Refer
Section A3.8
(Protection &
Telemetry Works) for
CT details)

Number of cores
Rated extended primary current
Ratio (TR = turns ratio)

I core / II core
III core
IV core
V core for winding temperature
Indicator
( in Y phase only)
Class
I Core / II core
III Core
IV Core
V Core

Knee point voltage (Ek)


I core / II core
III Core
IV Core
V Core
Exciting current (IE ) at Ek

V
V
V
V

I core / II core
III Core
IV Core
V Core
Rated output (Burden to be 25-100% rated
burden)
I core / II core

Appendix-A

mA
mA
mA
mA

VA

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SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

66/11 kV, 25 MVA POWER


TRANSFORMERS

UNIT

DATA
Required

47.2

LV
-

Side
Number of cores
Rated extended primary current
Ratio (TR = turns ratio)

1
120%

47.3

I core for Winding temperature


indicators
( in Y phase only)
Class

I core
Knee point voltage (Ek)

I core
Exciting current (IE ) at Ek

Offered

III Core
IV Core
V Core

N/A

I core
Rated output (Burden to be 25-100% rated
burden)
I core

N/A

mA

N/A

VA

LV Neutral cable box (LV REF): Ring type CT on


neutral cable
Number of cores
Rated extended primary current
Ratio
I Core
II core
- Class

YES

120%
A

I Core
II Core
Knee point voltage (Ek)

I Core
II core
- Exciting current at Ek

I Core
II core
- Rated output (Burden to be 25-100% rated burden)
I Core
II core
**Note: Shall be checked with 11kV SWG
rating/CTs

mA

VA

N/A

48

Number of coolers per transformer

49

Number of stand-by coolers

No.

NA

50

Number of stand-by fans

No.

NA

51

Rating of each cooler

kW

52

Oil

Appendix-A

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SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

66/11 kV, 25 MVA POWER


TRANSFORMERS

UNIT

DATA
Required

Manufacturer
Type designation

Type Test Certificate


Standards
Minimum flash point
Viscosity

at 20C

at 50C

at 80C
Maximum dielectric strength for 1 min.
Dielectric factor
Oxidation Stability
Acidity (neutralization value)

Offered

Uninhibited mineral
naphthenic oi
Yes
IEC 60296
C
mm2/s
mm2/s
mm2/s
kV

mgKO
H/g
Yes

Free of corrosive sulfur (as per IEC 62535) PCB,


DBDS (dibenzyl disulphide), Antioxidant, passivator,
metal deactivator and other additives.

53

Type of dehydrating breather

Conventional
type(The material
of the container
shall be glass
make)

54

Types and arrangement of winding:


HV winding
LV winding
Tapping
Windings arrangement (i.e.
core/LV/HV/Taps)

55

Conductor Material (e.g., copper, work hardened


copper, etc.)
HV windings
LV windings
Tapping windings

56

Conductor insulation:

* thermally
upgraded paper

HV windings
LV windings
Tapping windings
Connecting leads from winding to tap
changer
* Only for Underground S/S
-

57

Calculated thermal time constant


ONAN cooling
ONAF cooling

Appendix-A

min
min

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SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

66/11 kV, 25 MVA POWER


TRANSFORMERS

UNIT

DATA
Required

58

Oil circulation (i.e., natural/partially


directed/directed)
To the windings:
HV windings
LV windings
Tapping windings
Through the windings:
HV windings
LV windings
Tapping windings

59

Core construction:
Taped/banded/bolted limbs
Taped/banded/bolted yokes
Taping/banding material
Number of limbs
Number of limbs wound
Type of joint in magnetic core (90% butt,
overlap, mitre, etc.)
Type of core steel
Specific loss of core steel at 1.5 tesla

W/kg

Thickness of transformer tank


Sides
Bottom
Top

mm
mm
mm

60

61

Material of transformer tank

62

Thickness of radiator plates

mm

63

Total volume of conservator

Liters

64

Minimum volume of conservator between highest


and lowest levels as percentage of total cold oil at
15C volume of transformer

65

Volumetric expansion of oil from 0 to 90C

66

Masses of transformer
Core and coils
Total mass excluded oil
Oil mass
in tank
in radiators
total
Total mass

7.5%
m3

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

67

Mass of transformer for transport (heaviest part)

68

Dimensions of transformer arranged for transport

Appendix-A

Offered

kg

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SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

66/11 kV, 25 MVA POWER


TRANSFORMERS

UNIT

DATA
Required
m
m
m

69

Height
Width
Length
Filling medium of transformer tank for shipment

70

Maximum noise level (To NEMA TR1)

dB

71

Vibration test (Y/N)

72

Conservator vessel, radiators, fan grilles, control


boxes or cubicles and pipework anticorrosion
protection

73

Tank anticorrosion protection

74

Supply voltage for transformer auxiliaries

415/ 240 AC

75

Control/Protection voltage

110 DC

76

Manufacturer quality assurance


According to ISO 9000, 9001, 9002, 9003
and 9004
Type test certificate to be issued by:
Independent laboratory or independently
witnessed type test certificate

77

78

Hot dip galvanized


and painted

DGA Test after temperature rise test at factory and after


6 months in service at site.

- Jacking test
- Oil leakage test
Determination of capacitance and tan delta of bushings
- Sweep Frequency response analysis test
- Vacuum Deflection test
- Pressure Deflection test
- Check of External coating

Appendix-A

To NEMA TR1
Y

Special Tests to be performed:


- Dielectric test Chopped wave lightning impulse
- Dielectric test Long duration AC (ACLD)
- Measurement of zero-sequence impedance
- Determination of sound levels
Measurement of harmonics of no-load current
Measurement of power of fan motors & oil pumps
Determination of capacitance and tan delta of windings
Measurement of insulation resistance of windings to and
between windings.
-

Offered

Yes
Validity

Yes

Yes (T)
No
Yes (R)
Yes (T)
Yes (R)
Yes (T)
Yes (T)
Yes (R)
Yes (T)
Yes (T)
Yes (T)
Yes (R)
Yes (R)
Yes (T)
Yes (T)
Yes (T)

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SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

A29. ANNEXURE 1: ITALTRAFO TRANSFORMER NAMEPLATE


RATING
Below is the nameplate rating for Italtrafo Transformers.

Appendix-A

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SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

A30. ANNEXURE 2: BRUSH TRANSFORMER NAMEPLATE RATING


Below is the nameplate rating for Naeeja East Tx2 transformer.

Appendix-A

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SUPPLY, REPLACEMENT, INSTALLATIONS AND
COMMISSIONING OF NEW 66/11KV, TWO WINDINGS, 25
MVA TRANSFORMERS

-The end of Appendix A-

Appendix-A

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