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In the Deccan region, the Kakatiya kingdom (AD 1083-1323) encompassed

what is now known as Telangana. After the Kakatiya kingdom was invaded by the
Delhi Sultanate, the political autonomy of the region came to an end. In the
course of the next two centuries, it became a province of the Bahmani
Sultanate between 1347 and 1518. When the hegemony of the Bahmani
Sultanate ended, the Telangana region became part of the Golconda Sultanate
(1518-1687).
With the collapse of Golconda in the face of the invasion of Aurangzeb, the
region became a Mughal province. With the dissolution of the Mughal empire
formed the Nizamate of Hyderabad. This continued from 1720 till 1950 and
during this period the region saw various shifts in status first as a formal
subsidiary to the Mughal emperor but actually to the Maratha empire (the first
Nizam paid the Chauth tax to the Maratha court at Poona), later allied with the
French and then with the English East India Company. Eventually, the Nizam
acknowledged the British sovereign as Empress of India
and, thereby, his overlord.
With the India Independence Act of 1947, all the Indian princely states
resumed their independence. Accordingly, from August 15, 1947 till September
17, 1948, Hyderabad was an independent state. The independence ended with
Indian invasion and annexation. Later, the Nizam had been the Rajpramukh (an
administrative title) of the Hyderabad state.
The Nizam officiated as Rajpramukh through the first general election of
1952 and finally gave up his nominal role in 1956 when Hyderabad state was
dismembered and the Telangana region annexed to the Andhra state. Thereafter,
Telangana witnessed two major movements for a separate statehood.
Finally, on October 3, 2013, the Union Cabinet approved the formation of a
Telangana state.

Telangana Movement History 1956 to 2014


1956

Telangana,
comprising
predominantly
Telugu-speaking
areas of erstwhile Hyderabad state,
merged with the state of Andhra to
form Andhra
Pradesh (AP)

1969 Jai Telangana agitation


launched for a separate Telangana
state

1972

Jai Andhra movement


launched for separate Andhra state

1997 Telangana issue resurfaces

Feb 3, 2010 Centre sets up five-

member Srikrishna committee to


look into the issue. Panel submits
report in December, suggesting
options

July 30, 2013 Congress Working


Committee
passes
resolution
recommending
formation
of
Telangana state

Oct

3, 2013 Union Cabinet


approves proposal to bifurcate AP

with BJP passing a resolution. A


year later, the partys Lok Sabha
poll slogan is One Vote, Two
States

Dec

2001

K
Chandrasekhar
Rao
launches Telangana Rashtra Samithi
(TRS) for separate Telangana

Jan 30, 2014 AP legislature, by

Dec 9, 2009 Then Union Home

Bill; Lok Sabha passes Bill on Feb


18

Minister,
P
Chidambaram,
announces the Centres decision to
initiate the process of a Telangana
state

Dec 23, 2009 Following en masse


resignation of Seemandhra MPs and
MLAs, Centre puts the process on
hold

5, 2013 Union Cabinet


approves draft AP Reorganisation
Bill, 2013. Bill referred to AP
legislature for its views
voice vote, rejects the Bill

Feb 7, 2014 Union Cabinet clears

March

1,

2014

Bill

receives

assent of President

June 2, 2014 The 29th state of


India is born

About Telangana State


1. Telangana is a newly formed 29th state of India on June 2nd 2014.
2. It has an area of 114,840 Square Km (44,340 sq. mi), and a population of
35,286,757 (according to 2011 census), it ranked as 12th largest state in
southern region.
3. Mostly the area a part of the Hyderabad Medak and Warangal which was ruled
by the nizams during British raj before the year 1947.
4. IN 1956 Andhra state was merged with Telangana region when Hyderabad as
the state to form Andhrapradesh.
5. After the success in Telangana movement central government stated 29th
state of south India as Telangana.
6. And India consisting of the ten north-western districts of Andhra Pradesh with
Hyderabad as its Joint capital for 10 years.
7. It mean Hyderabad will be served as joint capital for both the state for 10
years until 2024.
8. Telangana State is boarded by the Andhra Pradesh to the south and east, state
of Maharashtra to the north and north-west, state of Karnataka to the
west and state of Chhattisgarh to the north-east.
9. Hyderabad, Warangal, Nizamabad, Karimnagar and Ramagundam are the
major cities in Telangana.

http://www.firstpost.com/politics/from-1948-to-2013-a-brief-history-of-the-telangana-movement-998093.html

From 1948 to 2013: A brief history of the Telangana movement


Hyderabad: Following is a brief history of Andhra Pradesh and chronology of the
movement for Telangana state:

*The region, now being called Telangana, was part of the erstwhile Hyderabad state which
was merged into the Indian Union on 17 September, 1948.

*Central government appointed a civil servant, M K Vellodi, as the first Chief Minister of
Hyderabad state on 26 January 1950. In 1952, Burgula Ramakrishna Rao was elected Chief
Minister of Hyderabad state in the first democratic election.

*Andhra was the first state to be carved out (from erstwhile Madras state) on linguistic
basis on 1 November, 1953. It had Kurnool town (in Rayalaseema region) as its capital after
the death of Potti Sriramulu who sat on a 53-day fast-unto-death demanding the new
state.

* The proposal for amalgamation of Hyderabad state with Andhra state came up in 1953
and the then Chief Minister of Hyderabad state, Burgula Ramakrishna Rao, supported the
Congress central leaderships decision in this regard though there was opposition in
Telangana region.

* Accepting the merger proposal, Andhra assembly passed a resolution on November 25,
1955 promising to safeguard the interests of Telangana.

* An agreement was reached between Telangana leaders and Andhra leaders on February
20, 1956 to merge Telangana and Andhra with promises to safeguard Telangana's interests.

A Gentlemens Agreement was then signed by Bezawada Gopala Reddy and Burgula
Ramakrishna Rao to the effect.

* Eventually, under the States Re-organisation Act, Telugu-speaking areas of Hyderabad


state were merged with Andhra state, giving birth to the state of Andhra Pradesh on 1
November, 1956.

* The city of Hyderabad, the then capital of Hyderabad state, was made the capital of
Andhra Pradesh state.

* In 1969, an agitation began in Telangana region as people protested the failure to


implement the Gentlemens Agreement and other safeguards properly.

* Marri Channa Reddy launched the Telangana Praja Samiti espousing the cause of a
separate state. The agitation intensified and turned violent with students in the forefront
of the struggle and about 300 of them were killed in violence and police firing that
ensued.

* Following several rounds of talks with leaders of the two regions, the then Prime Minister
Indira Gandhi came up with an eight-point plan on April 12, 1969. Telangana leaders
rejected the plan and protests continued under the aegis of Telangana Praja Samiti.

* In 1972, Jai Andhra movement started in Andhra-Rayalaseema regions as a counter to


Telangana struggle.

* On September 21, 1973, a political settlement was reached with the Centre and a
6-point formula put in place to placate people of the two regions.

* In 1985, employees from Telangana region cried foul over appointments in government
departments and complained about injustice done to people of the region.

The then Telugu Desam Party government, headed by N T Rama Rao, brought out a
Government Order to safeguard the interests of Telangana people in government
employment.

* Till 1999, there was no demand from any quarters for division of the state on regional
lines.

* In 1999, Congress demanded creation of Telangana state. Congress was then smarting
under crushing defeats in successive elections to the state Assembly and Parliament with
the ruling Telugu Desam Party in an unassailable position.

* Yet another chapter opened in the struggle for Telangana when Kalvakuntla
Chandrasekhar Rao, who was seething over denial of Cabinet berth in the Chandrababu
Naidu government, walked out of TDP and launched Telangana Rashtra Samiti on 27 April,
2001.

* Following pressure applied by Telangana Congress leaders, the Central Working


Committee of Congress in 2001 sent a resolution to the then NDA government seeking
constitution of a second States Re-organisation Commission to look into Telangana state
demand, which was rejected by the then Union Home Minister L K Advani saying smaller
states were neither viable nor conducive to integrity of the country.

*TRS started gradually building the movement for a separate state.

* Congress forged an electoral alliance with TRS by promising to create Telangana state.

Congress came to power in 2004, both in the state and at the Centre, and TRS became
part of the coalition governments at both places.

*** Protesting delay in carving out the separate state, TRS quit the coalition governments
in the state and at the Centre in December 2006 and continued an independent fight.

* In October 2008, TDP changed its stance and declared support for bifurcation of the
state.

* TRS launched an indefinite hunger-strike on 29 November, 2009 demanding creation of


Telangana. The Centre budged and came out with an announcement on 9 December, 2009
that it was "initiating the process for formation of Telangana state".

* But the Centre announced on 23 December, 2009 that it was putting Telangana issue on
hold. This fanned protests across Telangana with some students ending their lives for a
separate state.

The Centre then constituted a five-member Committee on 3 February, 2010, headed by


former judge Srikrishna, to look into statehood demand. The Committee submitted its
report to the Centre on 30 December, 2010.

* Telagana region witnessed a series of agitations like the Million March, Chalo Assembly
and Sakalajanula Samme (general strike) in 2011-12 while MLAs belonging to different
parties quit from the House.

* With its MPs from Telangana upping the ante, Congress made Union Home Ministry to
convene an all-party meeting on December 28, 2012 to find an amicable solution to the
crisis.