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AStoryof28States:ThisIsHowIndia
FaredInPovertyAlleviationInTheLast
r
FewYears
Jul01,2014

1Comment

r Reactions

NEVERMISSOURSTORIES.FOLLOWYKA!

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BySwanitiInitiative:

TheGovernmentsworkshouldbetolistentothepoor,toworkforthepoor,andlivefor(thepoor),saidPrimeMinister
NarendraModiinhisfirstspeechinthe16thLokSabha.ThiswasjustadayafterPresidentPranabMukherjeesaidinhisaddr
thejointsessionofParliamentthatmyGovernmentwillnotbesatisfiedwithmerepovertyalleviationandcommitsitselftot
goalofpovertyelimination.

ThemandateforModiisbeingseen,aboveall,asamandatefordevelopmentdevelopmentwhichisinclusiveandwhichlead
empowermentofthepooranddowntrodden.

So,howhasIndiadoneonpovertyalleviationinthelastfewyears?Arethereregionaldifferencesinthepatternofpoverty
alleviation?Israpideconomicgrowthaprerequisiteforpovertyalleviation?WhichstatesinIndiahavebeenmostsuccessfula
bringingpeopleoutofpoverty?

AnanalysisbySwanitiInitative,adevelopmentconsultingfirmwhichworkswithlegislators,foundthatbetween200405and
201112,moststatesdidwellatpovertyalleviation.19outofthe28statesmanagedareductioninpovertyby10percentagep
ormore.Inotherwords,19statesmanagedtopulloutmorethan10%oftheirtotalpopulationoutofpoverty.12ofthemachie
reductiongreaterthan15percentagepoints.

Swanitialsotracksothermetricsrelatedtodevelopmentandgovernanceincludinghealth,education,livelihoods,womenssec
andsocialinclusiononitsonlineuserfriendlydataplatformJigyasa.
TheCuriousCaseoftheNorthEast

Whiletherestofthecountrywasseeingareductioninpoverty,someofthenortheaststatesactuallysawariseinpovertyint
period.Thisisparticularlysurprisingasmostofthesestateshadasignificantriseinpercapitaincomeasshownbelow(Perca
NDPforbothyearsisat200405prices).

http://www.youthkiawaaz.com/2014/07/story28statesindiafaredpovertyalleviationlastyears/

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5/30/2015

AStoryof28States:ThisIsHowIndiaFaredInPovertyAlleviationInTheLastFewYears

NorthEastStatesPercapitaNDP(Rs)
200405

201112
30,441

30,000

26,610
24,662

24,394

24,086

20,000

18,640
16,782

10,000

Nagaland

Mizoram

Meghalaya Arunachal
Pradesh

CreatedwithDatawrapper

Assam

Manipur

Tripura

Source:JigyasaSwaniti/PlanningCommission,Getthedata

rYourReaction?

NorthEastStatesPovertyHCR(%)
200405

201112

declineinpoverty(%)
40.6
38
34.4
31.1

15.3

16.1

Mizoram

Meghalaya

Nagaland

CreatedwithDatawrapper

Arunachal
Pradesh

rYourReaction?

Assam

Manipur

Tripura

Source:PlanningCommission,Getthedata

Tripuraisanotableexceptionthatbuckedthistrend.ItsawamassiveincreaseinpercapitaNDPinthisperiodandasharpde
inpovertyrates.Fromhavingthehighestburdenofpovertyin200405,ithadthe2ndlowestpovertyratein201112among
sevennortheaststates.
RichStatesHaveDoneBetter

http://www.youthkiawaaz.com/2014/07/story28statesindiafaredpovertyalleviationlastyears/

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5/30/2015

AStoryof28States:ThisIsHowIndiaFaredInPovertyAlleviationInTheLastFewYears

Isthereacorrelationbetweeneconomicgrowthandpovertyreduction?Thetablebelowanalysestheperformanceofthesev
richeststatesintermsofpercapitaNDPin200405.
SomeoftheserichStateslikeGoa,GujaratandMaharashtrahadveryhighpovertyrates.OtherslikePunjab,Haryana,Kerala
HimachalPradeshhadhighpercapitaincomesaswellaslowpovertyratesin200405.
RichStatesBetteratPovertyReduction200405and201112

Allthesestatesdidmuchbetterinpovertyreductioninthesevenyearperiodbetween2004and2011,aperiodinwhichth
continuedtogrowathighrates.

GoanowhasthehighestpercapitaNDPandthelowestpovertyrate.HimachalPradesh,Kerala,PunjabandMaharashtrah
alsoimprovedtheirrankonpovertyHCRin201112over200405.

Gujarat,despitehigheconomicgrowth,continuestohaveasizeableproportionofitspopulationbelowthepovertyline

TheBIMAROU(Bihar,MadhyaPradesh,Rajasthan,Odisha,UttarPradesh)statesareknownfortheirpoorsocioeconom
indicators,especiallytheextremelyhighpovertyperiods.Between200405and201112,mostofthesestatesdidconsiderably
inpovertyalleviation(seetablebelow).However,despitetheseachievements,theyarestillrankedprettylowin201112,indi
theneedtodomuchmoretocatchupwiththerestofthecountry.

TheredoesseemtobeacorrelationbetweeneconomicgrowthandpovertyreductioninmostStates,saidRwitwikaBhattac
CEOofSwaniti.Thetopfivegrowingstatesbetween200405and201112Sikkim,Uttarakhand,Bihar,MaharashtraandT
Nadusawanimprovementintheirpovertyranksintheperiod.However,stateswithrelativelymodestgrowthrates,such
Tripura,havealsodoneremarkablywellatliftingpeopleoutofpoverty.

IndiaSpendsearlierreports(IndiaStillHas269MillionPoor,BiharLeadsRaceInReducingPoverty)(RuralPovertyFalls
Orissa,UrbanPovertyRisesInGujarat)hadalsopointedoutthatgrowthplayedakeyroleinpovertyreduction.
ThisarticlewasoriginallypublishedbyIndiaSpend.

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Gaurav

evenbeforeIcouldreadthearticle,myeyesfelluponthechildren.aboywhoisbeinggivenacoinanda
proppinguphisarmasiftotellhim,thatyoushouldtakeitthepicturesoeloquentlytellsaboutoneo
biggestproblemwithindiansocietyandeconomy.myheartcriesforthechildren.sosoontheyhavereal
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carethattheydeserveifgodwouldgrantmeasinglewishIwouldaskforsomerespitefromthistreac
oflife.whathavetheseinnocentsdone.theboyslowlyopenshishandandovercomeshisselfrespectin
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praytogodtonotpunishtheseangelsforoursins.
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