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First Type: Fable Story

I have chosen fable type of story entitled “The Donkey Who did not have a Heart”
originated from Arabia country to be taught to Year 3 pupils. The book is an Asian Classical
Fables. The story is about a cunning fox who tricked the lion king and a donkey. The lion is
very ill and needed a donkey’s heart to cure his illness. He ordered the fox to get a donkey.
Instead, the fox tricked both the lion king and the donkey and the fox ate the heart. The sly
fox managed to escape the lion king’s wrath by cheating. This fable is suitable to teach
taught to Year 3 pupils considering the content of the story itself and the moral value
found in the story. It has an interesting plot and storyline to hold students’ attention and
focus. The event where the fox tricks the donkey for the second time creates curiosity
among learners to further read and discover the happenings occurred later in the story.
Furthermore, the story The Donkey did not have a Heart can really help children in
language learning potential considering the content of the story. The content of the story is
clear and it is easy for the pupils to understand the story. This story has lots of vocabulary
therefore the pupils can enhance their vocabulary by learning new words in a fun way. For
example in the story, they have words like brave, adventerous, hungry, cave, quick,
firewood, escape, sword, tasty, hurt and many more. The vocabulary words are stated below
of each page. These words provides a nice way to introduce, practice, and review
vocabulary. The difficult vocabulary is highlighted
Moreover, the picture illustration in the story gives learners plenty of help with word
recognition. The colourful pictures in the story make the learners to understand the story
better. For example, the pupils can see clearly how the lion king, fox and the donkey colours.
It shows their animal traits. Besides, it develops the students imaginative thinking to
understand the animals traits. For an example, fox is portrayed to be cunning and likes to
prank in order to get his way. The lion king is described to be the strongest, bravest and the
king of the jungle. All the other animals will fear him and as for the donkey, it is described to
be weak and feeble minded. The donkey can be easily tricked by the fox and easily killed by
the lion.
Besides, the story contains about 2-5 sentences and 25-50 words each page
considering the length; neither too short nor too long. It provides them with exact information
needed to understand the story better. Regarding the exploitability of the story, various
activities can be designed to increase pupil’s’ competence. Role play, information gap, chain
drill, storytelling and guided composition tasks can be created from the storyline and
character to assess students’ language skills. Indeed, it will enhance their self confidence to
communicate and interact in English.

The Sultan of Malacca will forget his wish to marry her as he could not kill his own blood.and call provide a greater chance for the low proficiency students to comprehend the meaning and understanding of the story. it is relevant to introduce past tenses such as shocked. He will send his messenger to send his proposal to the Princess. He wants to focus on looking after his people’s welfare. pictures act as conversation starter between teacher and learners. Besides. The Princess will demand the Sultan to give his son’s blood in order to marry her. messenger.Second type: Legend type I have chosen legend type of story entitled “The Princess of Gunung Ledang” originated from Malaysia country. For an example. The fonts are big enough in each page to support the diction and clarity. Other races get to see and learn the traditional type of costumes through this story. the Princess was wearing the traditional type of costume that is very beautiful whereas the Sultan is wearing the traditional Malay costume. “entourage of elephants” and “awed by her stunning beauty”. The story can also be used to teach grammar in terms of tenses. . informed and accepted to the pupils. The book is published by the Junior Pages. Besides. They tend to guess and make predictions at the beginning and throughout the story. the costumes in the story resembles the ancient time whereby it develops the students imaginative thinking to understand their culture and beliefs. It has an interesting plot and content to hold students’ attention and focus. Princess. Simple sentences and some repeated words like Sultan. It is suitable to be taught to Year 3 pupils considering the storyline. reached. Learners grasp the meaning of the story by sentence choices such as “once upon a time”. Furthermore. It is about a beautiful Princess who lives at the top of Gunung Ledang. As the story occurred in the past. in this story. the colourful. Moreover. the story suits students in a mixed ability classroom. The colourful pictures in the story make the learners to understand the story better. bright and large print illustrations impress learners’ to explore the story. The moral value of the story is that it is wiser to look after the people who are near and closest to us. He regretted his actions and did not wish to marry her anymore. The Sultan of Malacca hears of her beauty and wants to marry her. They will learn the tenses and differentiate between present and past tenses.

The scenery of the village is printed beautifully and pupils can see clearly the pictures of the characters and their facial reactions. She cried and ran towards a haunted cave at the end of the village. Fewer words are needed when pictures are used well to express the story. He ended up eating the roe that was kept for Mak Tanjung. Thus. Pekan had eaten it.Third type: Folktale type I have chosen Folktale type of story entitled “The Haunted Cave” originated from Malaysia country. It is about a family of three who lived at the end of a village. She cried to the cave to swallow her up. Mak Tanjung was very disappointed with her children. river. Melur told her that. They see new sights such as jungle. She told the children to keep the roe for her when Melur cooked the fish. The cave swallowed her up. According to (Miles. When Mak Tanjung came back. The setting is very suitable for Malaysian pupils as they can relate it with their life and they are aware of the existence of it. Picture illustration in the story gives learners plenty of help with word recognition. The illustrations in the book are very bright and colourful. The story is suitable for Year 3 pupils as the storyline is simple and has a strong moral value. Both of them cried and they regretted for not listening to their mother. Mak Tanjung wanted to eat the roe of a special fish and she went to catch the fish. fish and cave. The storyline is very direct and it uses simple words to describe the events happening in the story. They had lost a mother whom they loved very much. the plot describes about how children should be obedient to their parents. The colourful pictures in the story make the learners to understand the story better. From the storyline. Melur remembered the mother’s wishes and kept the roe for her but Pekan who was very hungry did not listen to his sister. the content explores the setting through the eyes of children living at the village. Pupils are familiar with the settings as it does exist until now. It is to describe the story when pupils are aware of the place. Pupils will be able to bridge between written text and spoken language through this story as there are many dialogues that are used to speak between the mother and her children. authenticity of the folktale relates to readers’ real life. Moral value is clearly stressed in this story. 2007). Mak Tanjung has two children named Pekan and Melur. The two children could only look as the cave swallowed their mother. promoting daily life language usage in the form of dialogues. The pupils will learn a good lesson when this story is used. . The book is published by the Junior Pages.