You are on page 1of 33

# Conveyor Belt Scale

Maintenance
Care and Feeding Instructions

Fundamentals:
 What is a conveyor belt scale ?
 What can I do with it ?
 What I shouldnt do with it ?
 How does it work ?

## What is a Conveyor Belt Scale ?

A device that incrementally
measures and totalizes a
continuous flow of bulk
material moving on a
conveyor.

## ( A gizmo that weighs the

stuff on the belt every couple
of inches as it goes from
here to over there )

## What can I do with it ?

A conveyor belt scale can be an accurate
means of inventory control and process
control.

## ( It will tell me how much I have, and let me

know if I am putting enough of it where it
belongs. )

Inventory Control
Material test

project:

6/19/2001

6A

Belt Wts.

Truck Wts.

Wt. Err

% Err

Action

147.47

147.43

0.04

0.03%

151.22

151.31

0.09

0.08%

154.34

154.27

0.07

0.05%

Process Control

## What I shouldnt do with it ?

A conveyor belt scale is not accurate at measuring
fluid material, small discrete weights, or material
traveling vertically.

is falling )

## How does it work ?

 Rate = Weight x Speed
 Total = fWeight x Speed DTime

## How does it work ?

 Speed Signal = A frequency signal proportional to belt travel.

( As the belt moves every couple of inches, the speed sensor gives
a pulse.

## How does it work ?

 Weight Signal = A voltage signal proportional to force.

## ( As weight is applied to the scale carriage, the output from the

Technical Stuff

that you were afraid to ask )

Strain Gauges
The Wheatstone Bridge

Sensing Weight

## Weighing with Idlers

 Weighing on an Incline
 Weighing through a conveyor belt
 Idler Spacing

## Weighing through a conveyor belt

 The troughing angle
The higher the angle, the rigidity
of the belting increases.

 Belting construction
Size does matter!
Thinner is better.

Idler Spacing
 The idler supports the belt half the distance from the

idler.

Material Speed

## need to know the material speed.

Sensing Speed
 The speed signal is just

as important as the
weight.
 A 1% error in the speed

## input will cause a 1%

error in the scale
output.

Conveyor Properties
 Belt Tension
 Belt Tracking
 Idler Alignment

Belt Tension
 Things that mess up the tension

 Letting the belt track into the structure (drag)
 Curves in the conveyor
 Tracking the belt to run in a straight line
 Running the motor


Belt Tension

Belt Tension
 Things that help keep tension consistent

## Gravity Take Ups

 Good belt tracking
 Good Idler Alignment
 Location of the scale


Idler Alignment

conveyor belt.

## How do we know if it is right?

 Test it, compare it, run it fast, run it slow, and

## then test it again!

( If you have no way to check your scale, then I
can guarantee that the weight is close
enough. )

Material Test
 Check it against a know load.

Test Chains

Test Weights

## The Hard Part

 What makes it stop working ?
 What makes it work poorly ?
 What makes it work well ?

Spillage

Conveyor Maintenance
 I still havent figured out

## why you would store the

water hoses on the
wing rolls of the scale
idlers.

## What make it work well?

Thats easy
Just dont do all the things
that make them work
poorly!