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Name _____________________________________________

Date _____________________

For each cycle, visit the website provided. Read the paragraphs at each website and answer the
questions. Label the diagrams on the worksheet.
Go To 

What is a cycle?

2. Can elements be made or destroyed?



3. What is a reservoir?

4. What is a biogeochemical cycle?

Go To 
1. What percent of the Earth’s water is stored in the oceans of the world? ______________
2. Explain the difference between evaportaion and sublimation.

3. Click the link evapotranspiration. Write its definition.

4. How much water does an acore of corn transpire in one day? _____________
And a large oak tree in a year? ____________________
5. List five (5) factors that affect transpiration rate, and briefly explain each.


When it comes to surface water storage. What process drives the water cycle? Explain your answer. 2|Page . Click on the link “stored as freshwater”. 9. Label the water cycle diagram below.6. which lake holds a majority of the Earth’s freshwater supply? How much does it hold? 8. What percent of our freshwater supply is found in: Glaciers and Ice Caps ______________ Ground water ______________ Surface water ______________ Other ______________ 7.

THE CARBON CYCLE Go To  http://www.windows2universe. How are the oceans involved in the carbon cycle? 3|Page .Background: In biogeochemical cycles (including carbon. elements are transported between the atmosphere. These cycles help us remember that Earth is a complex system. 5. Describe two (2) ways that carbon enters the atmosphere. How does carbon exist in the atmosphere? 3.html 1. How are fossil fuels created? 4. hydrosphere (water). and soils). Draw the Carbon Cycle: water and nitrogen cycles). biosphere (living things). and geosphere (rocks. minerals.

___________. Make sure you visit all reservoirs! 11. Next stop . When plants die and decay.___________________________________________ What did you learn? True or False. What role do rocks have within the carbon cycle? Go To  http://www. By how much has CO2 increased in the atmosphere during the past 150 years? As you work through this game.___________________________________________ What did you learn? The deep ocean accounts for more than _______% of the Earth’s carbon. Next stop . You are a carbon atom! take some notes about where you go as a carbon atom. How much of the atmosphere is made of carbon dioxide (CO2)? 10. 12. they bring carbon into soil.6.windows2universe. How is the temperature of the Earth partly controlled by carbon? 7. Where are you starting within the carbon cycle? “Click to begin your journey” 9. How much carbon does the surface ocean absorb from the atmosphere each year? ___________. 4|Page .html to play the carbon cycle game.

When carbon enters the deep ocean.___________________________________________ What did you learn? 15.___________________________________________ What did you learn? 14. Why is nitric acid (HNO3) important? 5|Page . True or False.13. Phytoplankton are tiny plants and algae that float in the ocean and take up CO2 as they grow. What are the two (2) conditions under which nitrogen will react with oxygen? (In other words. what is necessary for nitrogen in the air to combine with oxygen?) 17.html and answer these questions. What are the two (2) compounds that are formed when nitrogen combines with oxygen? 18. Next stop .___________________________________________ What did you learn? True or False. Plants both absorb CO2 from the atmosphere and release it into the atmosphere. how long does it stay there? __________________ THE NITROGEN CYCLE Go To http://www. How does nitric acid (HNO3) form? 16.elmhurst. Next stop . Next stop .

How do animals get the nitrogen they need? 24. it is difficult (or impossible) for organisms to use them as a nutrient source. most plants do not use the nitrogen (N2) found in the air. What is atmospheric fixation? b. 20. This means that it does not easily break apart.] c. describe the types of plants associated with the symbiotic relationship. As a result. When molecules do not break apart easily.Go To  What percentage of the air we breathe is nitrogen? 21. In what compounds can plants use nitrogen? 23. Even though considerable nitrogen is available in the air.html and answer these questions. a.rcn. Why not? 22. nitrogen fixation is the term used to describe the process of breaking up N2. What is biological fixation? (In your answer.) 6|Page . What is industrial fixation? [This is how artificial fertilizers are Atmospheric nitrogen (N2) is pretty inert.

Denitrification Go To http://www. Nitrogen fixation b.) If you’re not sure what a term means. Label the nitrogen cycle (Figure 9s-1).25.html and answer these questions. Decay c.physicalgeography. Briefly define and distinguish between: a. (Remember there are other diagrams on the previous websites. 7|Page . Four processes participate in the cycling of nitrogen through the 26. look through the reading and links for help. Nitrification d.

29. In exchange for some nitrogen. Significant amounts enter the soil in ____________or through the effects of _____________.27. c) Nitrogen in the form of __________________can be absorbed onto the surfaces of clay particles in the soil. chemically modify the nitrogen found in organic matter from ammonia (NH3 ) to ammonium salts (NH4+ ). Briefly describe four (4) activities in humans that altered the Nitrogen Cycle. g) Scientists estimate that biological fixation globally adds approximately _______ million metric tons of nitrogen to ecosystems every year. a) b) c) d) 8|Page . f) Members of the _______________ (legumes) and some other kinds of plants form mutualistic symbiotic relationships with nitrogen fixing bacteria. 30. d) The process of _________________involves the metabolic reduction of nitrate (NO3. e) Almost all of the nitrogen found in any terrestrial ecosystem originally came from the ___________________. Why is nitrogen needed by plants and animals? 28. Fill in the blanks: a) In most ecosystems nitrogen is primarily stored in living and _________________. b) _________________found in the upper soil layer. Explain why nitrogen is often the most limiting nutrient for plant growth even though it is abundant in the atmosphere.) into nitrogen (N2) or nitrous oxide (N2O) gas. the bacteria receive from the plants carbohydrates and special structures (nodules) in roots where they can exist in a moist environment.