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This is to certify that report on “Bangladesh China Bilateral Relationship”.

Submitted for the
subject (International Business) of Bachelor of Business Administration from the United
International University Bangladesh, is a record of confide research carried out by the group
under my supervision.
I approve their report with full satisfaction and wish them a bright future.

…………………………….
Md.Abdul Hai, PhD
Professor
School Of Business and Economics

August 14, 2011
Mr. H R JOARDER
Assistant Professor
School Of Business
United International University

House

#

80,

Road

#

8/A,

Mirza

Golam

Hafiz

Road,

Dhanmondi, Dhaka-1209, Bangladesh.
Subject: Submission of the Term Paper on “Food Adulteration”.
Dear Sir,
Enclosed is the paper entitled “Food Adulteration in Bangladesh”. This report discusses the
condition of foods of Bangladesh.
The majority of this report was obtained from our current course in Management. The remaining
paper contains related information about food of Bangladesh and how foods are adulterated. As a
student, this subject is of particular interest to us. This paper addresses that any potential process
of this paper.
Thank you for all of your consideration and assistance in putting this report together.
Sincerely Yours,

KUMAR BISHAWNATH ROY©
(On the behalf of Group Members)

The graphical representation presents the how our foods are contaminated. In any comprehensive work. credit must go to the multitude of people. foods of Bangladesh. research and articles of food adulteration. H R JOARDER. It is a first attempt for making this paper for this course. Apart from correction any useful suggestions for the improvement will be received with thanks. It is hopefully believed that this paper will be a strong foundation to procure knowledge. And we give thanks to those people whose survey help us to prepare this report. Hence. . First. we have taken help from different people and websites for preparing our report. containing various parts.PREFACE As per decision of the “Management” course coordinator Mr. we commit ourselves grateful to Allah for his unlimited kindness and maximum helpful hand in continuing our report preparation. to make a paper on the food condition of Bangladesh and adulteration of foods. The paper is written according to a student. survey of food adulteration. one may find a very few unintentional human errors and editing mistakes. like this. However. Now here is a petite effort to show our deep graduate to those helpful people. We are still students and just novice. This paper serves good efforts for standard ways of learning and knowing about Food Adulteration.

1 PLANTS 14 1.3.8 TURMERIC POWDER 2.8.3.3.10 FRUITS IMPACT OF FOOD ADULTERATION CHEMICALS FOR FOOD ADULTERATION 2. COMMON ADULTERANTS FOOD 2. FOOD SOURCE 1.8.2.3.5 2. USE OF CHEMICALS AND PRESTICIDES 35 36 37 .3.2.3.2 FORMALIN FORMALDEHYDE SLOW POISONING CONTINUES UNABATED 20 20 20 21 21 21 21 21 22 23 23 24 24 24 25 CHAPTER 3: FOOD ADULTERATION ON HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS 3.9 ALCOHOLIC LIQUORS 2.1 TOXIC 2.3.3.1.TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1. FOOD ADULTERATION 2.3.1.7 2.1 AGROCHEMICALS 2.6 EDIBLE OILS AND FATS 2. PRODUCTION OF HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS 3. FOOD 1.2 MILK 2.3.2.2. HISTORY 2.9 13 13 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 FOOD GRAINS AND PULSES 20 2.4 GHEE (CLARIFIED BUTTER) 2.2 ANIMALS 16 CHAPTER 2: FOOD ADULTERATION 2.1 TEA 2.5 2.8 2.5.5.3.1. HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS 3.7 MUSTARD SEEDS 2.4 2.6 2.3.3 COFFEE POWDER 2.2.2 ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINANTS FOOD OF BANGLADESH FOOD ADULTERATION IN BANGLADESH USED CHEMICALS IN BANGLADESH 2.

A RESEARCH ARTICLE 6.2.1.8.5.4 RESULT AND DISCUSSION 63 6.4.2 50 PERCEIVED BY THE CONSUMERS 4.2 INTRODUCTION 6.2.2 CONSUMERS' PERCEPTION 48 EFFECTS OF USING HORMONES 48 4.Human and Environmental Risks 64 65 65 66 67 69 71 77 79 .1.7 4.5. INTROUCTION 4.5 4.4 DETERMINATION OF GEL FORMING ABILITY 6.1.3 USING FORMALIN DETECTION KIT FOR FISH 63 6. 4.1 EFFECTS OF USING PGR AS PERCEIVED BY THE CONSUMERS 49 EFFECT OF USING RA FOR BANANA MARKETING AS 4. STUDY AREA AND SAMPLE FARMERS 42 FINDINGS 43 EFFECT OF USING CHEMICAL INPUTS FOR CULTIVATING VEGETABLES 45 AND BANANA 4.4 4.2.1.1 STUDY REVIEW 6.4 EFFECTS OF USING HORMONES 51 AREAS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH 52 CONCLUSIONS 53 KEY MESSAGES 55 CHAPTER 5: FOOD ADULTARATION ON FISH CHAPTER 6: RESEARCH AND ARTICLES ON FORMALIN ON FISH 6.1. 4.3 HORMONES USED BY THE FARMERS AND WHOLESALERS 50 4.1 STUDY REVIEW 6.2.5 CONCLUSION ANOTHER STUDY 6.1.2.3 41 55 61 61 6.2. 6.1 FARMERS’ PERCEPTION 45 4.2.6 4.5.4.2.3 MATERALS AND METHODS 6.2.5 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 6.1.5.6 CONCLUSION Formalin and Fish Trade in Bangladesh . FISH SAMPLE COLLECTION 62 6.CHAPTER 4: SURVEY OF BANGLADESH AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE 4.3.

2 WATER 115 10.6 THE NATIONAL FOOD POLICY (NFP.1 COVER STORY 93 8.2 DURING THE RAMADAN 94 8. ADULTERATED FOOD 84 86 CHAPTER 8: JOURNAL FROM THE STAR 8.6. 2006): OVERVIEW 120 10.1 FOOD AVAILABILITY AND SUPPLY STABILITY 120 10.3.1 6. SECTION A.6 MILK 101 8. 2006.6.3.7 FOOD ACT 2006 121 .3 CHIPS.3 NUTRITION/UTILIZATION OF FOOD 121 10.PREAMBLE 119 10.1.1 FOOD 113 10. COCONUT WASTE TURNS GHEE 7.4 LAW OVERVIEW 119 10.7 LAW 103 CHAPTER 9: OTHER REPORTS 107 CHAPTER 10: LAWS 10.5 NATIONAL FOOD POLICY. CANDY.4 FRUITS 96 8.3 SANITATION 117 10.6.2.2 PHYSICAL. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ACCESS TO FOOD 120 10.2 ABOUT THIS ARTICLE THE STUDY 79 79 CHAPTER 7: REPORT OF DAILY STAR 7.6. ICE-CREAMS ETC 95 8.5 FISH 98 8.

1 PURPOSES OF ACT 121 CHAPTER 11: STOP FOOD ADULTERATION 11.7.2 126 DEMANDS FROM THE CAMPAIGN .1 MASS CAMPAIGN TO STOP FOOD ADULTERATION 124 11.10.

But in our country there is no food without adulteration. food producers and marketers mix food with some type of chemical like toxic. formalin. and industrial dyes are used for looking food fresh and tasty. Use of formalin in food for human consumption is also banned in Bangladesh. FOOD adulteration runs rampant in the country. Food adulteration refers to the presence in food of harmful chemicals and microorganisms which can cause consumer illness. containing various parts. Dangers lurk in almost every item of food. and many other industrial colors. formalin contamination is reported to occur in table fish marketed in the country. Use of formalin in food for human consumption is also banned in Bangladesh. formalin is used for preserving fish. Traders there can't sell contaminated food or tamper with food items. The traders may dip the whole fish or inject formalin in the fish body cavity or spread formalin mixed water on the fish surface while the fish are displayed for purchase. Though Bangladesh is rich of food.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Enclosed is the paper entitled “Food Adulteration in Bangladesh”. An increasing trend in Bangladeshi markets show imported fish represents a significant source of fish supply within the fish trade business. a chemical usually used for preservation of tissues. Food adulteration and food adulteration of Bangladesh has also been increasing. Many fish sellers spray fish with formalin. survey of food adulteration. New academic syllabus for students ensuring awareness against food adulteration Food is needed to all for live. research and articles of food adulteration. The paper is written according to a student. Fish is an important food stuff and source of protein all over the world. Bangladeshi food refers to the Bengali food prevalent in Bangladesh. and food value and crop shelf-life. This report discusses the condition of foods of Bangladesh. Effect of using chemical inputs for cultivating vegetables and banana were determined by computing consumers' perception on five aspects like human disease. The remaining paper contains related information about food of Bangladesh and how foods are adulterated. food taste. food toxicity. . To meet the domestic need Bangladesh imports fish and fish products from neighboring countries. foods of Bangladesh. However. Toxic is used for ripping fruit. Food adulteration in Bangladesh has assumed alarming proportions.

We mainly focus on the political and economical dimension. For doing a job or business. We will be going to job market and competing with other universities’ graduates for getting a suitable job otherwise we have to go for a business.” We have made a analysis for required information in this area of the study. Going to prepare a report on our topic. economical. As a part of BBA program. 1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Employees or entrepreneurs want to improve his position in such a place which determines himself as a successful person. our course teacher Mr. trade. 1. RATIONAL OF THE STUDY We are 4th year final trimester students. Abdul Hai assigned us to prepare a report on the trade relation between Bangladesh and any other countries as well as identification of major export goods and the route to increase exports rather than import to China. Our particular plan covers the political.1.2. 1. as wellas foreign exchange rates and others.4.3. We have selected our plan topic as “The Trade Relation between Bangladesh and China. SCOPE OF THE STUDY There is a certain boundary to cover this plan. 2015 which will be submitted on September 02. we need to concern about the world trade how to make a business relationship. . and the trade relations between the countries as well as the routes of trade. We have started our work on August 02. cultural dimension in the relation of Bangladesh and China. we acquire required knowledge about this type of relationship that helps us to perceive a common picture on the trade relation between Bangladesh and China.1. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY The report aims to show the bilateral trade relation between China and Bangladesh and suggest a way to improve in export to China and find a easy way or route to export. So the course of International Business acts an important role for an entrepreneur or an employee by improving the knowledge on the world map. So. we hope that this project not only assure reasonable grade mark in our curriculum result but also assure well-done feedback for near future entrepreneurs or employees. foreign currencies and its exchange rates. 2015.

analyze them and give some suggestions.7. Face to face conversation with a businessperson who are in the business and share its own experience to establish some suggestion.Then.2. Metropolitan Chambers of Commerce and Industries (MCCI) and other online newspapers. Within a short time.5. we try to point out various analyses.1. We tried to overcome the difficulties. In a disciplined way we can say that the report input were collected from two sources 1. PREVIEW In the following pages. the report is prepared for the practical knowledge about bilateral relations. We search in the website of Bangladesh Bank. In spite of trying our level best. SECONDARY SOURCES Internet is the most favorable secondary source for students. 1. 1. we could not get a fluent time schedule for the report. But unfortunately we faced some difficulties when preparing this report. LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY We tried heart & soul to prepare a well-informed report. METHODS For making any report most of the data should be taken that reflect actual situation. Dhaka Chambers of Commerce and Industries (DCCI). For our report we have collected various types of primary and secondary data. 1. . Finally.1. For this reason.6. we need to prepare some other courses’ reports for in this session.6. we accumulate the findings. some difficulties that hamper our schedule report work. PRIMARY SOURCES We collect the data from the recent daily newspapers. First we draw an overall picture of trade between Bangladesh and China.6.

communications and transport and combating natural disasters. Construction of new single track dual gauge railway line from Chittagong to Cox's Bazar via Ramu to Gundum near Bangladesh-Myanmar border. Bangladesh side proposed five projects for accelerating development which are: 1. 2. BILATERAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BANGLADESH AND CHINA Bangladesh has a strong bilateral trade relationship with China from the two thousand years ago. two MoUs and two letters of exchange (LoE) during her visit to China opening up new horizon to strengthen mutual cooperation in the areas of trade and investment. relations between two countries include over two thousand years of cultural and political interactions. The two countries also inked two agreements.On June 12. Sheikh Hasina met Chinese President Xi Jinping and Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) Yu Zhengsheng. But it has come in focus after the recognition of Bangladesh as an independent country and on October 1975. . Construction of 2nd Railway cum Road Bridge across the River Karnaphuli at Kalurghat point near the existing railway bridge. During her stay in Beijing.2. Sheikh Hasina paid the visit at the invitation of her Chinese counterpart Li Keqiang. and 5. the two countries are celebrating their 40 th anniversary of their bilateral relationship. around five years after Bangladesh gained independence.2. 3. economic and military ties. Bangladesh and China have agreed to further expand and raise their partnership of cooperation to a newer height. Development of National Infra Network for Bangladesh Government Phase III (Expanding IT connectivity up to Union Level: Info Sarkar Phase 3). exploring more avenues and opportunities for cooperation. This year. 4. the relationship has been established. The present-day Sino-Bangladesh relationship is characterized by close political. Rajshahi WASA Surface Water Treatment Plant Project. Eastern Refinery Unit-II and single point mooring (SPM) project. But if we look over the history.1. In this context. INTRODUCTION The diplomatic relations between People's Republic of Bangladesh and the People's Republic of China were established on October 1975. 2014. we found that. power generation. 2.

74 2013-2014 746 7540 1:10. We have calculated trade deficit as well as the deficit growth ratio between the years.06 1:53.1. 2.79 557.92 657. POLITICAL DIMENSION Recently Chinese Commerce Minister Gao Hucheng visited Bangladesh on August 29 to discuss bilateral trade and commerce.72 1:24.27 7. Earlier.11 6794 15. China has urged the Bangladesh authorities to take necessary initiatives in this regard. bilateral economic and trade cooperation between China and Bangladesh have significantly developed with the continuing growth in cooperation fields.47 1:35.99 1:32.47 1:52.94 1:60.82 .12 6324 1:13.01 6031.89 2006-2007 92. China had also offered to sign a free-trade agreement with Bangladesh in a bid to narrow the growing trade gap that remains heavily tilted in its favor.86 1.21 1:16.95 3136.06 3451.5 779.31 2014. from the website of Dhaka Chambers of Commerce and Industries (DCCI) and of Bangladesh Bank.65 8.78 1:34.50 5592.3.5 1.56 3354.35 2078.97 2572.67 2479.75 22. DIMENSIONS OF BANGLADESH‐CHINA RELATIONSHIP 2.28 1:21.67 708.18 2008-2009 97.27 25.62 1:27.82 549.07 2001-2002 18.2.38 2002-2003 19.72 2009-2010 178.97 760 18.7 1:29.80 5865.53 2010-2011 319.56 568.77 1:29. Table-1:Trade Volume of Bangladesh with China (in millions of $) Export Import Deficit Trade Ratio Trade Deficit Year to China from China Growth Rate (%) 1997-1998 48.55 1:18.96 2003-2004 45.75 697.04 2004-2005 56.21 543.94 6433.95 1998-1999 10.05 2005-2006 64. the Chinese minister lead an 11-member delegation at a meeting scheduled with Finance Minister AMA Muhith.86 -8. ECONOMIC DIMENSION Since 1975.41 10.5 1:39.63 3819.07 43.2.84 2012-2013 458. During his visit.61 560.We have collected the information shown in the table – Trade Volume of Bangladesh with China.08 2007-2008 106.81 1087.07 1643.66 5912.46 1:12.65 1132.33 3029.32 1587.88 -2.77 638.7 46.65 23. also expressed the Chinese intention to sign documents on some grant projects during the visit of their commerce minister to Dhaka.09 1999-2000 10.62 2011-2012 401.64 26.51 592.3.38 3640.89 53.3.39 2000-2001 11.

there is also a decreasing of import in 20122013.54% 74. and 2013-2014 because in these years.11. The trade deficit is in 2013-2014 is US$6794 million and the trade ratio in the year 1:10.78 million.00% . The export will be raised over the following years because the relation becomes stronger more than the previous years. If we go through the table and the statistics. MAJOR EXPORT ITEMS TO CHINA (IN MILLION US $) From the exporting goods to China. Commodity Group Readymade Garments Fish. 2012-2013.94 million to US$657. If we look over the export trend line. the export is raised rapidly.67% 30. there is an increasing rate from 2003-2004 and it is increased up to US$746 million in 2013-2014. We have collected data from Bangladesh Bank economic section for three years and calculated the growth rate between the years. the trade deficit is also rising. the trade deficit decreased up to 8. Shrimps and Prawns 2011-2012 Amount ($) (in millions) 59 6 2012-2013 2013-2014 Amount ($) Amount ($) (in millions) (in millions) 90 157 10 13 Growth Rate (%) 201220132013 2014 52.30% in 2001-2002 because of decreasing import from US$708. We hope that Bangladesh can export more products in the following years. Chart-1: Import and Export Statistics 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Import from China Export to China From this statistics.44% 66. the highlighting points are found in 2008-2009.If we analysis the data from 1997 to 2014 import is increasing rapidly. Import is just ten times than the export. we have shown here some goods which are exported to China mainly. But there is little movement in export to china.

Jute Manufactures Leather and Leather Manufacturer Raw Jute Handicrafts Others 48 50 71 29 59 164 57 0 111 310 34 0 98 341 25 0 103 533 4. Bangladesh is importing the sticks for the Police Battalion. Boilers.8 1409.4 .9 941.8 1117.35% -26.17% 42. S hrimps and Prawns Jute Manufactures Leather and Leather Manufacturer Raw Jute Handicrafts Others MAJOR IMPORT ITEM IN 2011-12 (IN MILLION US $) Bangladesh started importing from China from the year of establishment of trade relationship with China. roads.(all types) cotton yarn/thread and cotton fabrics Nuclear reactors. electrical machineries.45 % 177.1 1161.47% 0 0 -11. China helps in building some bridges. Bangladesh exported more readymade garments. materials for garments industries. Bangladesh imported defense materials. Export to China Readymade Garments Fish. jute manufactures. culverts. Last year.10% From the commodities group. organic chemicals. fertilizers. iron and steel materials and other kinds of materials for the industries. parts thereof 2011-2012 Amount ($) (in millions) 2012-2013 Amount ($) (in millions) 2013-2014 Amount ($) (in millions) 1229. Commodity Group Cotton.00% 103. Machinery & mechanical appliances. Moreover. Bangladesh exports these seven types of goods more than others. leather and leather manufacturesthan the previous years.We have collected data from Bangladesh Bank economic section for three years and calculated the growth rate between the years. In this year.71% 5.97% -40.6 1618.

" China plans to establish a high speed railway link between Kunming and Kolkata through Dhaka and Chittagong.2 415.1 1617.4 332. According to reports reaching Dhaka from Kunming. television image and sound recorders and reproducers and parts and accessories of such articles Man-made staple fibers Knitted or crocheted fabrics Man-made filaments.8 1949.8 2.3 161.0 298 120 129. meanwhile.5 172.9 417.5 753.4 214.6 138.0 377. the proposal plans to boost the BangladeshChina-India-Myanmar (BCIM) multi-modal transport system.1 125. sound recorders and reproducers.1 401. The 2.7 236. Yunnan enjoys geographical proximity with GMS and BCIM .6 389. FUTURE PROGRESS OF THIS RELATION  Chinese Economic and Industrial Zone (CEIZ): Recently Chinese Commerce Minister Gao Hucheng visited Bangladesh on August 29 to discuss bilateral trade and commerce.800 kilometer rail route could be a critical component for the BCIM that seeks cross-border movement of goods and people in the four countries.1 128. the capital city of China's southern Yunnan province. the Bangladesh Economic Zones Authority (BEZA) has sought funding from the finance ministry to set up a special economic zone at Anwara upazila in Chittagong to attract Chinese investment.7 286. strip and the like of manmade textile materials Fertilizer Plastics and articles thereof Organic chemicals Iron and steel Others 816. The BEZA has recently sent a proposal to the finance ministry seeking about Tk 420 crore interest free funds for acquisition of land for the Chinese Economic and Industrial Zone (CEIZ).Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof. China has pledged US$40bn for the Silk Route and $50bn for the AIIB.5 986. Earlier.0 146. The project looks forward to the newly established Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and other funders for financing it.8 231.4. Bangladesh and China had signed a memorandum of understanding on ‘Establishment of the Chinese Economic and Industrial Zone in Bangladesh’ during Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's visit to China in June last year. During his visit.8 1549 267.  Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM): As part of its "Southern Silk Route. The BCIM area has a trade potential of $132bn.2 118.

 Construction of 2nd Railway cum Road Bridge across the River Karnaphuli at Kalurghat point near the existing railway bridge.  Rajshahi WASA Surface Water Treatment Plant Project.  In terms of infrastructural development.  Eastern Refinery Unit-II and single point mooring (SPM) project. Beijing will give Dhaka Tk 6. 2015 in Dhaka.  Construction of new single track dual gauge railway line from Chittagong to Cox's Bazar via Ramu to Gundum near Bangladesh-Myanmar border. China has already built six bridges in Bangladesh. present and future..757 billion in grants to construct the ‘Bangladesh-China Friendship Exhibition Centre’ on the outskirts of the capital 2. below:  There are about 186 Chinese enterprises with a registered capital of US$320 million in Bangladesh.regions and is only 1000 kilometers away from Chittagong compared to 1700 kilometers to the nearest Chinese port. FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT BY CHINA China is keenly interested to invest in the different sectors of Bangladesh. We are showing some investment. .  Development of National Infra Network for Bangladesh Government Phase III (Expanding IT connectivity up to Union Level: Info Sarkar Phase 3).  Bangladesh-China Friendship Exhibition Centre: Bangladesh is the world’s second largest exporter of readymade garment products after China.5. Chinese Commerce Minister Gao Hucheng informed Muhith of Beijing’s proposal after signing a letter of exchange on ‘Bangladesh-China Friendship Exhibition Centre’ on August 24.

 Establish a high speed railway link between Kunming and Kolkata through Dhaka and Chittagong.  India’s Troubled Northeast: India has long been concerned about the safety of Siliguri corridor. as it functions as single link between the North‐ east India and the rest of the country by rail.  Construct the ‘Bangladesh-China Friendship Exhibition Centre’. Since the very beginning of bilateral trade relationship. 2. cooperation in tourism sector also significantly contributing to the economy of both the countries. Bangladesh has long been suffering from huge trade deficits with China. The corridor is frequently referred to as 'chicken neck' for India. Therefore. the national tourism organization of Bangladesh and the private sector tour service providers have been establishing business contacts with their Chinese counterparts. in the FY 2013‐14. as well as Digital Connectivity. facilitating Chittagong‐Kunming road connection through Myanmar as well. road and airways. which is around 200 km long and 40 km wide.  Construction of a deep seaport in Chittagong. MAJOR CHALLENGES OF BILATERAL RELATIONSHIP The relationship has come with some opportunities as well as some threats.  Massive Trade Gap: One of the key challenges facing Bangladesh‐China bilateral relationship is the existing high volume of trade gap between these countries. In addition. For example. On the other hand. being held in China.  Establishment of a Digital Forensic Lab for information and communication technology. We tried to find out some threats which are shown in below. they have also been actively participating in different tourism and travel fairs. efforts have also been made by the Chinese government to draw attention to Bangladesh as a popular destination among the Chinese tourists. Over the years.6. Info connectivity – 3 for making Digital Bangladesh within 2021.  Establishment of the ‘Chinese Economic and Industrial Zone (CEIZ)’ at Anwara upazila in Chittagong in Bangladesh. the trade gap between these countries was estimated US$6794 million against the total bilateral trade of US$8286 million. The corridor borders with .

more people from both the countries cannot visit each other’s’ easily. the several points are noted and we marked some notification of opportunities by which Bangladesh can expand its business relationship not only with China but also globally. on June10. Though Bangladeshi people are learning Chinese language at Dhaka as well as from main land China but the same response is not visible where similar numbers of Chinese people are learning Bengali language.  Not Friendly VISA: Getting Chinese VISA is very difficult at the moment. 2014. Hence. Interested visitors may get Chinese VISA only after fulfilling many requirements which is indeed not tourist friendly.Bangladesh on the one side and China on the other. Potential & Outlook. Bangladesh . and for this barrier. We have shown below some of the opportunities which is found from the discussion. In this discussion. OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE BANGLADESH We found a discussion named BANGLADESH-CHINA TRADE & INVESTMENT CORRIDOR: Importance. 2.  Barrier in Language: The language barriers are one of the impediments to increase the economic activities as desired. Bangladesh‐China bilateral ties constantly keep India concerned about any possible threat to the corridor. held in the office of The Daily Star. a renowned newspaper.7.  Communications Barrier: Presently there are two direct air links (Dhaka-Kunming and Dhaka-Guangzhou) between Bangladesh and China but no more direct air routes or land routes is operated between both countries. Many interested people of Bangladesh are unable to explore business opportunities only because they are unable to visit China freely. on 27 April 2015.  Duty-Free Access for 17 Additional Products: Bangladesh is now getting duty free access of 4.888 products to the Chinese market. Recently.

Myanmar.287 billion in fiscal 2013-14. with total bilateral trade volume coming to $8. agriculture. we can described that China's GDP is growing at more than 7 percent. there is a chance to make a balance of trade between the two countries. industry and energy are the main sectors in which the Chinese FDI can come. China is the largest trading partner of Bangladesh. a big economy. to reduce trade imbalance between the two countries. have the substantial potential to flourish in the Chinese market.  A Strong Market for Exporting Goods: Comparing the GDP of the two countries. Garments. Trade between Bangladesh and China is 12. So. and China. and 400 million Chinese tourists will travel to various destinations. The 17 products. raw jute and frozen food. leather footwear outer soles. . commerce. it is expected to grow to more than $10 billion in this current fiscal year. Bangladesh exports a large number of readymade garments to China than the other products. of which 32.35 percent garments. So. silk and silk waste.44 percent is leather and 32. Bangladesh enjoys duty benefits for over 4. we hope that Bangladesh can be a center for the international trade to India.63 percent of Bangladesh's total trade. wiping cloth. leather.  Center for the Multinational Route: As part of its "Southern Silk Route. If it is so. However. Bangladesh can gain from investing in the trade and investment corridor in a planned way. Our key export items are garments. which have been given duty free access. Bangladesh has the opportunity in developing the industries as well as infrastructures.700 products.  Getting More Foreign Direct Investment: Over the next five years. is a great opportunity for Bangladesh. While Bangladesh’s GDP is growing at more than 6 percent. which account for 80 percent of our total exports.has sought duty-free access for 17 additional products to China. China is going to invest US$500 billion in Chinese corporate houses in different countries and. lead acid batteries and synthetic fiber. There is also going to be a deep seaport in the Chittagong by the investment of China." China plans to establish a high speed railway link between Kunming and Kolkata through Dhaka and Chittagong. include polymers. China is expected to import $10 trillion worth of products and export products worth $20 trillion. and China is also investing US$350 million dollar in this sector. gloves.

1 The projects which have scope for Chinese investment or technical assistance are:  The second crude oil refinery unit of Eastern Refinery Ltd in Chittagong.thedailystar.  Establishment of barrage in the Ganges system in Rajbari.  The garment village at Bausia in Munshiganj and so on.net/business/export/china-raises-trade-hopes-77048 . 1 http://www.  Rail bridge over the Jamuna river and a high-speed “chord” train line between Dhaka and Comilla.  Multi-lane tunnel under the Karnaphuli river. deep-sea port near Sonadia island.

34 Commodities Group Readymade Garments Jute Manufactures Leather and Leather Manufacturer Total 2017-2018 2018-2019 440. General Course of Action:  Bangladesh faces a huge trade gap with China.97 340.47 570.1. in order to reduce trade imbalance. Therefore.31 664.2. Projection of Export 2014201520162015 2016 2017 203.60 570.0 ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATION We have analysis the data of export and we have measured the export of some specific products for the next five years and provide some recommendation on this.2.67 330.58 856. 3.52 47.00 Leather and Leather Manufacturer Jute Manufactures Readymade Garments 3.96 256. PROJECTIONS IN EXPORT On the basis of the growth rate.00 1000.70 3274.09 468.71 232.00 1500.83 1761.00 500. the following steps can be taken: 3.06 134.25 2031.00 0. POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS From this above study.00 3000.3.00 2000. we make a projection on the export of the some specific products to China by which the massive trade gap can be lower. the Government of Bangladesh needs to take initiatives for direct communication with the Chinese business community to expand its export volume to . bunches of course of action are to be suggested for Bangladesh in order to further strengthen their bilateral relationship.1.19 262. From Bangladesh's side.82 849.6 926.40 942.37 Projected Export 3500.00 2500.

 The measures in terms of improving the communications may be placed the highest importance so that peoples to people’s contacts between Bangladesh and China are increased continuously.  Getting Chinese VISA is very difficult at the moment. we will introduce on the following basis: o Dinajpur. Course of Action to Increase Export:  As China is investing in building a special economic zone for Chinese investors in Chittagong. The language barriers are one of the impediments to increase the economic activities as desired.  Bangladesh can try to produce products which are duty free in exporting to China. 3. 3. . Nepal which is around 1220 kilometer. it will be useful to improve our gaps in power. Interested visitors may get Chinese VISA only after fulfilling many requirements which is indeed not tourist friendly.2. Suggested Way for Export:  As route. It will take about 1 day and 1 hour From Dinajpur and it will take US$111. Presently there are two direct air links (Dhaka-Kunming and Dhaka-Guangzhou) between Bangladesh and China but more direct air and land routes may also be operated between both countries so that more and more people from both the countries may visit each other’s’ easily. Bangladesh can increase the export of garments in China. infrastructure and port facility.China and remove its structural problems as the Chinese market is quite diversified and competitive. India and the Kathmandu. China: Through the Silliguri Corridor.43 for one way by land.3. If it is found easier.2. Bangladesh to Rikaze.2.  As China is investing $350 million in Bangladesh’s apparel sector and Bangladesh is the second largest garments industry after China. The applicant must obtain invitation from local Chinese authorities of mainland China to apply for VISA.  Promoting each other’s language in both the countries should be encouraged by the government machineries as well as private sectors of both the countries. it will be better for both countries.

o Chittagong.47 for one way by land. Bangladesh to Pu’er China: Through the Mandalay.58 for one way by land. it is around 941 kilometers and it will take 1 hour 40 minutes. By airways. it is around 2. It will take about 20 hours 23 minutes From Dinajpur and it will take US$80.159 kilometer and will take 1 day 19 hours from Chittagong. Bhutan which is around 845 kilometer.Through the Jalpaiguri India. It will take US$244. By the Airways By the Land . Myanmar. and the Thimphu.

As we will celebrate the 40th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Bangladesh nearly. and Leather and Leather Manufacturer as well as other items in Myanmar or Bhutan or Nepal also. CONCLUSION By this study. a review of present relation will fill us with confidence and new expectations to the future of our bilateral relations. or Bhutan or Nepal. If the route given is built up through Myanmar. China is going to be a largest market on selling readymade garments for Bangladesh.4. we can identify the relation of over 35 years. Jute Manufactures. . Let's hope that the two great nations of China and Bangladesh will join hands and march forward in constructing the new road. Bangladesh can take the opportunity of exporting Readymade Garments.

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