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raksha Bandhan (रकक बनधन) is a Hindu festival that celebrates the love and duty between brothers
and sisters; the festival is also popularly used to celebrate any brother-sister relationship between
men and women who are relatives or biologically unrelated.[2][3] It is called Rakhi Purnima, or
simply Rakhi, in many parts of India.[4] The festival is observed by Hindus, Jains, and many Sikhs.
[1]
Raksha Bandhan is primarily observed in India, Mauritius and parts of Nepal. It is also celebrated
by Hindus and Sikhs in parts ofPakistan,[5] and by some people of Indian origin around the world.[6]
Raksha Bandhan is an ancient festival, and has many myths and historic legends linked to it. For
example, the Rajput queens practised the custom of sending rakhi threads to neighbouring rulers as
token of brotherhood.[7][8] On Raksha Bandhan, sisters tie arakhi (sacred thread) on her brother's
wrist. This symbolizes the sister's love and prayers for her brother's well-being, and the brother's
lifelong vow to protect her.[9][10] The festival falls on the full moon day (Shravan Poornima) of
the Shravan month of theHindu lunisolar calendar.[11]

s

ignificance[edit]

Raksha Bandhan in Sanskrit literally means "the tie or knot of protection".[12] It is an ancient Hindu
festival that ritually celebrates the love and duty between brothers and their sisters. [3][13] The sister
performs a Rakhi ceremony, then prays to express her love and her wish for the well being of her

[2][3][16] Description and rituals[edit] Women shopping for Rakhi. and Mahidhara. brings together men and women across religions. Typical rituals include: Prepare for Raksha Bandhan Days or weeks before Raksha Bandhan.[19] One of the earliest examples of a Rakhi prayer is found in Book V.for her brother. thy neck. Vishnu.good health. the eternal Narayana. the sister applies a tilak (Tikka). spirits malignant and unfriendly. [2] The festival is also an occasion to celebrate brother-sister like family ties between cousins or distant family members. thine arms. along with the prayer and well wishes. ahead of Raksha Bandhan. Some women make their own Rakhi. in return. the ceremonial thread to tie around her brother's (or brother-like friend's) wrist. The gift from the brother can be a simple thoughtful token of love.[14] sometimes between biologically unrelated men and women. diverse ethnic groups and ritually emphasizes harmony and love. women shop for Rakhi. and faculties of sense. The festival is marked by the several rituals. the brother pledges to protect her and take care of his sister under all circumstances. This ritual sometimes involves an aarti. thy belly. [2][18] Prayer. Chapter V of Vishnu Purana. May all negativity and fears. After the prayer. aarti. and may be more elaborate. [17] A Rakhi may be a simple thread. the festival transcends biological family. the ceremonial thread marking brother-sister love. prosperity and happiness . it is the prayer that Yasoda says while tying a Raksha Bandhan amulet on Krishna's wrist. Sometimes. The prayer is a self composed note. or one of many published Rakhi poems and prose. Typically the brother(s) too shop for gifts for the sister. woven and colorful. preserves and dissolves life protect thee. which vary regionally within India. [2][12] . and typically falls in August every year. or a Rakhi may be intricate with amulets and decoration on top of it. May the one who creates. the brother ritually pledges to protect and take care of his sister under all circumstances. promise and food Once the Rakhi has been tied. where a tray with lighted lamp or candle is ritually rotated around the brother's face. May Rishikesa keep you safe in the sky. thy face. flee thee. It is observed in the Hindu calendar month of Śrāvanṇa. It is one of the several occasions in which family ties are affirmed in India. Kesava. upon earth.brother. thy mind. After the tilak. Rakhi in the form of a colorful woven thread is most common. before the Raksha Bandhan festival. a colorful mark on the forehead of the brother. the sister says a prayer for the well being . [15] To many. May Govinda guard thy head. a Rakhi may be a fancy wrist watch or men's wrist accessory in the form of bracelet or jewelry.[20][21] An abridged form of the prayer is: May the lord of all beings protect you.

[12][22] Gifts and hugs The brother gives his sister(s) gifts such as cards. with his hands. at school or work. dry fruits and other seasonal delicacies. The brother may also feed his sister. as a reminder of their sister(s) and to mark the festival of Raksha Bandhan. one or more bites of sweets (desserts). clothes. and the larger family ritually congratulate the festive celebration of brother-sister love and protection.The sister then feeds the brother. dry fruits and other seasonal delicacies.[2][18] The brother(s) wear the Rakhi for the entire day. money or something thoughtful.[23] . one or more bites of sweets. They hug. with her hands.