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Site Test Plan For Oil Filled Transformer

STP-04-OFT
1. PURPOSE:

The purpose of this procedure is to verify functions
of transformer.

2. APPLICABILITY:

This procedure applies to all types of power
transformers.

3. DEFINITIONS:
4. FORM:
OFT.

Non
Site Test Report For Oil Filled Transformer STR-04-

5. REFERENCES:
All inspections and tests shall utilize the following
references;
A.
Project design drawings and specifications
B.
Manufacturer’s
instruction
manuals
applicable to each particular apparatus.
6. STANDARDS:
The following codes and standards apply,
a.
B.
C.

National Electrical Testing Association: NETA
Institute
of
Electrical
and
Electronic
Engineers: IEEE.
SEC Construction Standard TCS-P-105

7. EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED:
1)
Megger.
2)
Transformer Turn Ratio (TTR) test set.
3)
3 ph., 380 V AC power supply.
4)
OMICRON CPC-100
5)
Current Secondary Injection Unit.
6)
Digital multimeter, Clamp on Ammeter.

Electricity Metering Establishment For Contracting
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Check that piping to Buchholz relay has proper slope. 3. condition of lifting lugs. PROCEDURE: SAFETY PRECAUTIONS: Always refer to instruction manuals of equipment under test and test equipment used for detailed safety instructions and precautions. Inspect for physical damage/defects and oil leaks. 2. Check quality of paintwork. 6. 10. Check that the as-received transformer tank pressure is positive. 7. 9. quality of weld areas and rust spots. 8.Site Test Plan For Oil Filled Transformer STP-04-OFT 8. 5. Check impact recorder records for any abnormal impacts during transit. Check integrity of diaphragm/air bag in the conservator. Check tightness of all bolted connections (torque wrench method). 4. Check that all grounding is securely connected (including star neutral points). MECHANICAL CHECK AND VISUAL INSPECTION: 1. a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) Check proper operation of all auxiliary devices: Cooling fans/pumps Tap Changer Oil level gauges Winding temperature gauges Top oil temperature gauges Buchholz relay OLTC oil/Gas surge (Pressure) Relay Pressure relief devices Push buttons and indicators Oil sampling port (main tank and OLTC) Upper and lower main tank valves Electricity Metering Establishment For Contracting Page 2 of 17 . Check nameplate information for correction.

14. 12. Winding insulation resistance and polarization index at 5 KV dc:  Connect the test circuit as per FIGURE – 1-a or 1-b as applicable.5 and 10 minutes then calculate the Polarization Index as per the following formula : PI = R 10 min / R 1 min 3. Check condition (color and quantity) of Silica gel in breathers and oil in bath level. LV and TV (if applicable) bushings for damages and completeness of accessories. 380 V AC and take the required measurements shown in the test report. Polarity and vector relationship test:  Connect the test circuit as per FIGURE – 3. 17.  Measure turns ratio at all taps.  Compare the measured ratio with calculated tolerance. Turns ratio (all taps) :  Connect the test circuit as per FIGURE – 2.Site Test Plan For Oil Filled Transformer STP-04-OFT 11. 16. 1. Check HV. Core insulation resistance: 2.  Take readings at 30 seconds .  Measure insulation resistance between each winding and ground and between the windings. Check liquid in the tank.. 15.  Apply 3 ph. conservator and bushing for proper level. Performs all of the manufacturer’s specific checks. ratio and check the 4. ELECTRICAL TESTS 1. Check vertical/horizontal clearances of live parts to adjacent grounded parts to conform to the Standard. Bleed trapped air in the bushing turrets and tank top.  Check the voltage relations required for correct polarity as shown in the test report. Check that the valves between the tank and the radiators are open. 13. Electricity Metering Establishment For Contracting Page 3 of 17 .

Insulation power factor and bushing tests:  Connect the test circuit as per FIGURE –5-a. 6-b as applicable if you are using three wattmeter method . trip f) Pressure relief device: alarm trip g) Measure fans/pumps motor currents. start. time delay. Nominal and Minimum taps as applicable. 7.. Functional check : Perform function check of the following: a) Liquid level alarm (OR confirm via FAT record) b) Top oil temperature device: fans (pumps) stop. tests on the OLTC according to the 10. start. a) Raise/lower control (local. remote) and indications b) End of tap travel control c) End of winding travel control (both ends) d) : setting of bandwidth. midpoint. On load tap changer operation checks: Perform adjustments and test on the OLTC according to the manufacturer’s instructions. And nominal tap):  Connect the test circuit as per FIGURE – 4-a or 4-b as applicable.  Connect the test circuit as per FIGURE –7. etc. other wise refer to CPC-100 test set instruction manuals for detailed procedure. Perform adjustments and manufacturer’s instructions. 11. trip e) Oil/gas surge (pressure) relay: alarm. alarm. min. and trip c) Winding temperature device: fans (pumps) stop. 9. Measure fans/pumps motor current.  Calibrate Oil and Winding temperature gauges and check contact operation and function.  Connect the test circuit as per FIGURE –6-a. Winding excitation current test. 12. 5-b as applicable. 6.Site Test Plan For Oil Filled Transformer STP-04-OFT 5. Calibrate all temperature gauges (OR confirm calibration certificates).  Measure the winding resistance for both HV and LV windings at Maximum. alarm. trip d) Buchholz relay: alarm. Electricity Metering Establishment For Contracting Page 4 of 17 .  Refer to CPC-100 test set instruction manuals for detailed procedure for both windings and bushings. Winding resistance measurement (at max. 8.

Site Test Plan For Oil Filled Transformer STP-04-OFT e) f) g) h) Master/slave – check either transformer as master Master/slave – check out of step blocking alarm Parallel operation disturbed – check alarm Check that the windings are not open circuited during tap changing Electricity Metering Establishment For Contracting Page 5 of 17 .

Bushing current transformer tests: A) a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) Polarity Insulation resistance Secondary winding resistance (all winding and taps) Current ratio (by current injection) Magnetization characteristics (minimum of 5 points below and 2 points above the knee points of the magnetization curve) Verify secondary circuits. 20. tightness and for ring type terminal lugs. A main tank insulating oil sample for dissolved gas analysis shall be taken immediately prior Electricity Metering Establishment For Contracting Page 6 of 17 . b) c) d) e) f) g) Neutralization number (sat d 974) Interfacial tension (sat d 971) Color (sat d 1500) Moisture content (sat d 1533a) Power factor test (sat d 924) Dissolved gas in oil analysis (sat d 3612) 15.5 mm gap) for unprocessed oil & for oil in OLTC. Insulating oil tests: a) Dielectric strength: I) sat d 877 (with 2. 18. 17. Check all tightness. (no spade lugs permitted). Check ct terminal block for shorting facilities.Site Test Plan For Oil Filled Transformer STP-04-OFT 14. Check ct wiring for correctness.0 mm gap) for oil in transformer main tank. 19. 21. terminal to terminal Burden test Demagnetize ct cores after all tests Ensure that there are no open circuited secondaries 16. Ii) sat d 1816 (with 1. external wiring for correctness and Check each transformer trip device has an individual trip cutout located at the transformer protection panel via ft switches. Adjust AVR to final operational setting according to ESPD'S recommendations.

Site Test Plan For Oil Filled Transformer STP-04-OFT to first energizing a power transformer and another sample three days after continuous Energization. 9. ACCEPTANCE CRITERION : Check the Test results against manufacturer’s instructions. Electricity Metering Establishment For Contracting Page 7 of 17 applicable standards and/or .

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