INTRODUCTION

:
Integrated Tribal Development Agency, Rampachodavaram was established in
East Godavari District with Kakinada as Headquarters in the year 1975. Later on, the
Headquarters was shifted to Rampachodavaram which is its headquarters at present.
This ITDA caters to about 2,36,649 of Scheduled Tribes spread-over in 6444 Sq.Kms., of
area of the District. Out of the (64) Mandals in the District, (15) Mandals which includes 4
sub-plan mandals under the agency with an area of 6444 Sq.Kms. The ITDA was
established to bring about overall development of the tribals in the area and the main
tribes present in the area are Kondareddies, Kondakammara, Konda Dora, Kondakapu,
and
Valmiki.
The ITDA has the overall responsibility of bringing about the development of the
tribals of the area by utilizing its ownFUNDS , funds from the external agencies, funds
available with various other departments of the Government working in the Sub-Plan
Area. The Government of Andhra Pradesh vide G.O. Ms.No.434, G.O.Ms.No.274 and
G.O.Ms.No.57 has sought to establish a single line Administration in the Tribal Sub-Plan
Areas by empowering one Agency i.e., ITDA to control and coordinate the functions of
the various departments functioning here. The Project Officer, ITDA is designated as
Joint Collector (TW), Additional District Magistrate and Additional Agent to Government
and has been given powers of these Officers in the Government Order mentioned. The
Project Officer has given powers to plan, implement, review and coordinate the activities
of all Departments working in the area.

DISTRICT GENERAL DATA:
East Godavari District is situated on the North East of Andhra Pradesh in the
Geographical condition of 16° - 30° and 18° - 20° of the Northern Latitude & 81-30 & 8236 of the Eastern latitude. Agency area of the District is the home of 2.36 lakhs S.T.
population mostly concentrated in 15 mandals of the District. The ITDA with its
headquarters at Rampachodavaram as operational jurisdiction over 741 villages. Konda
Reddies are only the primitive tribal group of the area and they constitute about the 40%
of the total population. They have been classified as primitive tribal group (PTG)
because they practice primitive Agriculture and their literacy is abnormally low.

The details are furnished in the statement below:
The Tribal Sub-Plan area of the District comprises of 4 Sub-plan mandals partly
and these mandals occupy the North Western part of the District. The population of
these mandals is furnished below.

POPULATION:
Functioning of ITDA, Levels of Skill available & delegation
of powers to officers concerned:
ITDA by itself has a lot of wings directly under its control. These wings are meant
for both the Hardware and Software Development of the Tribals.
The Tribals are basically dependent on the Forest and live by collecting forest
produce or doing shifting cultivation. With the intervention of the ITDA, settled agriculture
has become of the order of the day, with more and more tribals coming down for settled
agriculture using new varieties of seeds and agriculture implements. The Agriculture

through LTRP cases. Oil Engines are supplied to the tribal beneficiaries for irrigating their land using water from small rivulets and wells. The TRICOR wing of the ITDA gives subsidy to the tribals beneficiaries to purchase modern Agriculture implements.R.S.C. Mango etc. also distributes daily requirements like Rice. Community Irrigation Wells. for distribution of loans–short term and long term credit loans to the tribal farmers for raising of the crops and for supply of motors etc. The Minor Irrigation wing of the ITDA is responsible for taking up construction of Minor Irrigation Tanks. Offices etc. Implements. They ensure the correct price and weighment of the produce collected. Tractors. The GCC has a monopoly of the purchase of minor produce from the forest..wing of the ITDA plans. The I.C. Hostels. The Girijan Cooperative Corporation (G. Milch Animals like Cows and Buffaloes for milk purposes for consumption as well as sale. . Various minor forest produces are good raw materials for many industries. The Tribal Welfare Engineering Department is responsible for the construction of the Buildings – for Schools. Electric Motors and Auto Rickshaws. transfer of modern agricultural packages. The Horticulture wing looks after the development of Horticulture and encourages the Tribals to bring their wasteland. and enlightening the people on new crops and cropping patterns. The G.. Bridges for connecting interior villages. under Horticulture crops like Cashew. for the purchase of various non timber minor forest products which are collected by the tribals. The Animal Husbandry wing of the ITDA ensures the supply of strong Plough Bullocks for ploughing the lands. which were under illegal possession and enjoyment of NonTribal over the years.C. They also take up drilling of Borewells for drinking water purpose. and Tempo Tracks etc. agriculture implements. formation and construction of Roads. distribution of new and improved varieties of poultry. Checkdams. degraded land etc. The industry sector of the ITDA encourages tribal entrepreneurs to take up small industries.) for which the Project Officer is one of the Executive Directors.B. Dal and other essential commodities at the interior village points and they are running D. The tribals are encouraged to take up improved varieties and are taught grafting and modern methods of Horticulture to improve the productivity and to bring more and more land under useful cultivation. The Spl. and Monitors the development of agriculture in the land owned by the tribals and its activities include distribution of new variety of seeds. Deputy Collector working under the Project Officer is empowered to restore the land back to the Tribals. sheep units etc. is responsible for the supply of daily requirements to the Tribals in the Agency area at nominal rates. for development of the tribals. Electric Motors. The Shandy Inspectors of the GCC are present in local markets to ensure that the poor tribals are not cheated by the non tribals. wing looks after the sanctioning of various small service sectors like merchandise shops etc.C.Depots to help in the public distribution system of the Government. which use the raw materials available in the area.

Tribal Welfare Officer is responsible for the supply of all materials to these school children. ITDA in association with the Medical Officers and Voluntary Organizations are conducting regular Health Camps. There are also special schools. Ashram Schools in the Agency area. There is a Project Monitoring Resource Centre (PMRC) which was constituted to look into the quality of education imparted to the children in the schools. which is functioning under the control of the ITDA where all the tribals who are qualified are registered and employment is given to them through this agency. Zilla Parishad Schools. Bedding. 8 Junior Colleges. To ensure Community Development and Participation the ITDA has formed Village Tribal Development Associations (VTDAs) in the villages of the agency area. ITDA tries a set of schools in various interior pockets of the agency. Private Schools or Aided Schools. There is one Library established at PMRC for guiding the qualified tribal youth to get the competitive books to get into career line. They are entrusted with the . These schools could be those under ITDA management. ITDA. The Dy. In remote areas ITDA also encourages the local Doctors with traditional methods of treatment. Rampachodavaram has implemented cooked Mid-day Meal to the children. On the health side the Project Officer has direct control over the Medical Officers in the area and in close association with the Doctors takes steps for promotive. There is Sub-Employment Exchange. The District Educational Officer (Agency) has administrative control overall these schools in the T. take care of the Pregnant Women. The Ashram School teachers stay along with the children in the school to motivate them to study. area. ITDA runs 81 Ashram Schools which have classes from 3rd standard to 10th standard. All necessary inputs like Food. Director. ITDA also refers serious patients to specialty hospitals for treatment. natal and postnatal care.ITDA is primarily responsible for the development of the Health and Education of the Tribals. The Anganwadi Workers are also responsible for encouraging THRIFT among women.S. The ICDS Project which is meant to improve the mother and child care is also directly monitored by the Project Officer. Incentives. runs by ITDA. Medical Care. which are meant for the development of the Primitive tribals who are still in very backward stage of development. The Anganwadi centers provide nutritional food to the children of the age group 0-5 and ensure proper immunization. Uniform. Cosmetics and Soaps are given free to the children who are joining these schools. Magazines and Employment opportunity details are kept here for the information of the tribals. preventive and curative treatment of the tribals. During this year effectively implemented the QuEST and Punadi programmes for the benefit of Tribal children studying in the T.W. Government Schools. One Mobile Force has also been constituted to tour around the villages on fixed dates and timings to administer medicines to the people in need and to act quickly in emergencies. Apart from the Ashram Schools there are 9 Residential Schools. ensure safe delivery and take-up adequate pre-natal. Eye Camps to prevent the spread of diseases. The VTDAs is the association of all the tribals of the village and they meet once in a month to discuss issues and settle any problems mutually and collectively all Development Activities are taken up by the ITDA through VTDAs. Accommodation.P.

This would assure that the asset created is maintained in the long run. APD.A. Certain vital statistics are presented below (2011-Census)  Home  Population  Engineering  Education o       GOs Medical & Health Velugu Skill Development Press Gallery Contact Us Over view of I. There is Shelf Help Group of Women are being formed for encouraging savings habit among women and also to empower the women to stand on their own feet by starting income generating activities with the money saved. “BHAVITA” programmes conducted to create awareness among the tribal youth to get good opportunities in Private & public sectors under Skill Development programme and also Self employment opportunities.55 lks 49. Kms. Name of the No Mandal .T.80 4 Literacy Tribal 37.D.2011 CENSUS: Population S. Item State District ITDA Area 663. the Job Melas are conducting at regular intervention for creating jobs to the educated unemployed youth at Mandal level and Divisional level. Rampachodavaram strives for the overall development of the tribals within its jurisdiction.No.A. TPMU is monitoring the activities of women shelf help groups in the agency area under the able guidance of the Project Officer. Minor Irrigation tanks under the supervision of the concerned Engineering Department. 2. Total Male e Femal holds Total Male e 38413 18908 19505 28992 1421 14780 2 6443 9567 2126 . Further.66 lks 1 Population 2 Area in Sq.59% 57. The VTDA Vice President and Secretaries are given training to hold meetings and to take-up these works.responsibility of the construction of works like Roads.24% 64 % 5 Total Tribal population N.65 lks 2.64 lks 23. 275068 10807 6444 3 Population density 241 459 46. S.36 lks 6 Percentage of Tribal population 28% AGENCY POPULATION . Thus ITDA. 1 Rampachodavaram PTG PTG house ST holds Femal ST H.

Koya Dora 82827 (35%) 18977 (35%) 3.R. Ramavaram Rajavommangi 9261 8 Nellipaka 35279 17363 3858 9 Kunavaram 24482 14225 3647 10 Chinturu 29674 26542 6802 11 V.2 Maredumilli 18010 8749 14392 7443 6949 3198 4749 1055 3 Devipatnam 27898 13778 14120 16198 7943 8255 3600 5345 1188 4 Gangavaram 25938 12657 13281 16652 8096 8556 3700 5495 1221 5 38387 19330 19057 23537 1175 11783 4 5230 7767 1726 27950 13587 14363 24115 1165 12457 8 5359 7958 1768 40033 20108 19925 22209 1117 11037 2 4935 7329 1629 6 7 Addateegala Y.Puram 24217 16020 3801 Sub Total 33028 10762 10900 22024 7227 4821 73817 50573 10713 1 9 0 5 8 0 12 Kotananduru 71044 36090 34954 4324 2211 2113 961 1427 317 13 Sankhavaram 78342 39550 38792 4931 2522 2409 1096 1627 362 14 Yeleswaram 76285 37816 38469 3137 1543 1594 697 1035 230 15 Prathipadu 78914 39924 38990 4012 2016 1996 892 1324 294 30458 15338 15120 16404 8292 5 0 5 8112 3646 5413 1203 Sub Total TOTAL Tribal Sub Caste particulars 63486 26100 26020 23664 8057 5362 81929 54219 11916 6 9 5 9 0 3 ST Population ST households 1. Mannedora 4733 (2%) 1084 (2%) 7. Konda kammara 28398 (12%) 6506 (12%) 4. Others 4733 (2%) 1084 (2%) Integrated Tribal Development Agency. Rampachodvaram . Valmiki 11832 (5%) 2711 (5%) 6. Kondareddi 94660 (40%) 21688 (40%) 2. Konda Kapu 9466 (4%) 2169 (4%) 5.

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