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Here is below I state the equation of BTS capacity of download and upload

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remember below equation is not related to AAA package, it just only for BTS air
interface (R1) DL/UL calculation.
# 10Mhz channel bandwidth per sector
# In DL have 30 sub channel & UL have 35 sub channel
# In DL 28 subcarrier where is 24 data subcarrier 4 pilot sub carrier & UL 24
subcarrier where is 16 data subcarrier 8 pilot subcarrier
# TDD frame is 5ms = 200frames/second
Consideration 1:
In respect to 68/31%, TDD symbol ratio 31:15
3 symbol each for control and sync, data symbol 28 for DL and 12 for UL
Data subcarrier in DL = 30 sub channel X 24 data sub carrier/sub channel X 28 data
symbol = 20160 data sub carrier
Data sub carrier in UL = 35 sub channel X 16 data sub carrier/sub channel X 12 data
symbol = 6720 data sub carrier
Modulation QPSK has 2 modulation order, 16QAM has 4 and 64QAM has 6
modulation order, so one sub carrier can carry 2 bits, 4 bits & 6 bits
There is code rate like 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6.
If QPSK ½ = 2X1/2 =1bit
16QAM ½ = 4X1/2 = 2bit
64QAM ½ = 6X1/2 = 3bit
Calculation only air interface Modulation is showing below:
Download:
QPSK ½ = 1 bit X 20160 data sub carrier X 200 frames/second = 3.84mbps
64QAM 2/3 = 4 bits X 20160 data sub carrier X 200 frames/second = 15.38mbps

Upload:

2/3.6mbps 16QAM 3/4 = 3 bits X 8400 data sub carrier X 200 frames/second = 4.28mbps 16QAM 3/4 = 3 bits X 6720 data sub carrier X 200 frames/second = 3. And if we make this. so one sub carrier can carry 2 bits.57mbps 64QAM 2/3 = 4 bits X 18720 data sub carrier X 200 frames/second = 14. If QPSK ½ = 2X1/2 =1bit 16QAM ½ = 4X1/2 = 2bit 64QAM ½ = 6X1/2 = 3bit Calculation only air interface Modulation is showing below: Download: QPSK ½ = 1 bit X 18720 data sub carrier X 200 frames/second = 3.85mbps Consideration 2: In respect to 62/38%.81mbps Also there is another TDD ration 56/44% = 26/21 symbol. 4 bits & 6 bits There is code rate like 1/2. From above two calculation. but in data arena people use download much more than upload. data symbol 26 for DL and 15 for UL Data subcarrier in DL = 30 sub channel X 24 data sub carrier/sub channel X 26 data symbol = 18720 data sub carrier Data sub carrier in UL = 35 sub channel X 16 data sub carrier/sub channel X 15 data symbol = 8400 data sub carrier Modulation QPSK has 2 modulation order. you can easily find by TDD ratio we can control only air interface DL/UL BTS throughput capacity. it will make almost equal DL-UL. 5/6.28mbps Upload: QPSK ½ = 1 bit X 8400 data sub carrier X 200 frames/second = 1. 3/4. 16QAM has 4 and 64QAM has 6 modulation order. .QPSK ½ = 1 bit X 6720 data sub carrier X 200 frames/second = 1. DL/UL will hit saturation equally and quickly. TDD symbol ratio 29:18 3 symbol each for control and sync.

6 – 512kbps. DL = 5.75mbps Already in above general case we touched pick capacity of sector throughput on DL. Also we can add more sites to increase upload capacity. but it will also increase interference. 6 – 256kbps. As per above we can make 2:1 DL/UL for all user or corporate user or some user easily from AAA package creation by exiting BTS thought configuration. but BTS capacity cannot be calculated in this phenomena. 6 – 512kbps. so it is impossible to have those user in this sector.Now come to relation between AAA package & BTS throughput capacity on TDD ratio: If we want to make a package DL:UL = 2:1.5mbps total assign AAA package of download.4mbps & UL = 1. but UP cross it’s limit. it can be made easily from AAA package creation. Or we can change the BTS configuration to increase upload capacity. Finally. 15 – 256kbps & 30 – 128kbps = 13. Every sector have mix of usage. opex. to serve this upload capacity we need two upload cells which was also not possible. But it will create impact on BTS upload capacity very quickly. and subscriber. consider one sector has 31:15 TDD ratio with below two types package creation: DL/UL = 4:1 in 31:15 TDD ratio: 3 – 1mbps.5mbps total assign AAA package of download. 30 – 32kbps = 3. interference. total network BW is can be calculated by average subscriber usage like in our network average usage 280kbps. 30 – 64kbps = 6. so upload will be 3 – 512kbps.34mbps. In above two consideration any of them will hit upload capacity quickly cause difference is not too much ( 2nd consideration will also hit download capacity quickly).34mbps Already in above general case we touched pick capacity of sector throughput on both DL & UL and no user can’t make new session on this sector. If 40% concurrent usage. 15 – 256kbps & 30 – 128kbps = 13. 15 – 128kbps. 6 – 128kbps. 15 – 64kbps. we have . So. it is a tradeoff between capacity. so upload will be 3 – 256kbps. DL/UL = 2:1 in 31:15 TDD ratio: 3 – 1mbps.

we are ready to deliver as per requirement.7mbps. Above all consideration. So. but DL:UL = 4:1 or 2:1 whatever we can make from AAA. BTS has capacity limit and it can play little bit on capacity distribution of DL & UL.to think DL & UL together. what to do. rather sell package other area or cell. If 40% concurrent usage. do not sell high package on that sector again. Remember: concurrent user will increase day by day if user increase in network. which is much critical than upload. it will impact on DL as well to much. if we change the TDD ratio. . DL = 5. Decision up to Management.4mbps & UL = 2. but remember that we have to distribute user in different cell to reduce UL capacity cause any of TDD ratio UL will touch first. Also provide outdoor CPE to fix that in one standalone free cell for safety. if one sector have too much high package.