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BAND 9 EXAMPLES

Today, the quality of life in large cities is decreasing. Discuss the causes and solutions.
The global phenomenon of urbanisation from the beginning of industrialisation to the present
day has brought opportunity and prosperity, albeit at a cost in the quality of life. With an
increasing city population, the complexity of the challenges also increases, the causes and
solutions for this are outlined below.
The causes for the decrease in the quality of life are paradoxically the prosperity endowed
on such metropolitan centres. Their growth is largely due to the increase of opportunities on
offer, which in turn increases their attractiveness, essentially they are trapped in a positive self
enforcing cycle. However, this eventually leads to a decrease in the quality of life as the city can
experience overcrowding, exorbitant property prices, and increased vulnerability to terrorist
attacks. For example the density of London makes it a more efficient place to attack, when
compared to a smaller city such as Bradford. Therefore, due to continuous growth and
prosperity, urban citizens, especially the less well-off, often experience a lower standard of
living.
Considering the solutions, greater investment in public transport would ease traffic
congestion, as would bike lanes. In theory this would reduce air pollution, and possibly improve
the well-being of the population if they did adopt a more active lifestyle and cycle to work. To
counter violent terrorist attacks, cities could embark on CCTV installations, so as to closely
monitor for threats. For example, it is said, the CCTV in London has foiled many potential
attacks, and therefore greatly increased the security of its citizens.
To conclude, a wealthy city attracts large population inflows, which then cause pressure on
existing infrastructure and security. Various solutions exist to mitigate such drawbacks,
nevertheless an indefinite solution has yet to be found.

Some people think that all children should learn geography in school. However, some others
think that learning subjects more relevant to life is more important. (Do you agree or disagree?
Give your opinion.)
With constant modifications in school curriculum and constant changes in society the question
of whether to maintain or drop geography is an interesting topic. I believe there would be
severe consequences if geography were to disappear, mainly due to the understanding and
open-mindedness that is derived from such studies.
Firstly, with evermore complex geopolitical strategies being played out, it can be
considered extremely valuable to have the ability to identify the location of these events
without checking on a map. Religious and border conflicts are amongst the most common
sources of news events, and a lack of knowledge as to where these events are being played out
can be considered ignorant. For example, areas such as the Middle East are constantly in the
news. Therefore, by being merely aware of their location in the world, readers or viewers can
greatly increase their understanding of the conflict.
Secondly, making geography compulsory in the schools would most likely encourage
students to travel later in life. This is because geography can bring to light options you may not
have known existed previously. For example, historically England has been the top destination
to learn English. However, in recent times students have learned about more economical
options such as Malta or Ireland. Therefore, without a sound geographical knowledge of
Europe, these options could have been overlooked.
To conclude, removing geography from the school curricula would reduce a student’s
ability to fully assimilate global events in the media. Furthermore, removing the subject could
indirectly reduce the amount of perceived options available to students.

Many governments in the world spend large amounts of money on art which helps to develop
quality in people’s life. However, governments should spend money on other things rather than
art. Do you agree or disagree? Give your opinion.
Societies with a heritage in the ‘arts’ have long been considered culturally sophisticated and
advanced. However with the recent financial crisis this lavishness and expense should be
questioned. Tax payers money has to be spent practically rather than on cultural endeavours.
Firstly not everyone in society appreciates art and secondly employment should take
precedence.
Art can bring quality into one’s life if you are interested. Amongst a society art-lovers are
typically in the minority and other activities such as sport are more popular. Take football for
example, across the globe it is obvious that there are more people watching matches in
stadiums than looking at sculptures or art. This fact makes it impossible that art can bring
quality into a community if the galleries hold little interest for the region.
Secondly, the resources diverted to such projects, comes from the public and should be
spent in a way that benefits them. Commissioning or purchasing art is an insult to tax payers
who endure poor high unemployment such as those in Newcastle, UK. This city suffers from
historically high unemployment yet the council commissioned a large sculpture called ‘The
Angel of the North’. Financing a job creation project would undoubtedly have been more
practical for the local community.
To conclude I believe that it is an unjust affirmation that art brings quality into ones life and
agree that the money should be spent elsewhere. This is because art expenditures only benefit
a small minority and secondly the expense involved should benefit the majority. Ideally in the
future governments will recognise that quality in a person’s life derives from a decent
opportunity in life, not a sculpture.

well extended ideas. it would result in the collapse of tourism because there would be no reason to travel for pleasure and interest if all countries have the same language and similar cultures. which is now the most widely spoken language in the world. Some people think this will lead to English becoming the only language to be spoken globally. In conclusion. In other words. All aspects of cohesion are well managed. Vocabulary is flexible and there is a good range of complex sentence structures . With all people speaking the same language. resulting in a healthier world economy.The development of tourism contributed to English becoming the most prominent language in the world. there are obvious disadvantages to having only one global language. may one day predominate over all other languages and result in their eventual disappearance. Maintaining local languages and cultures should be prioritised to ensure a rich world heritage for future generations. Firstly. while there are plus points to having one global language. On the other hand. This essay addresses the task fully and provides relevant. along with them. Each culture is unique with its own way of life and own perspectives of the world which would all be lost if there were only one language. What are the advantages and disadvantages to having one language in the world? It is thought by some people that English. Another reason that one language would be advantageous is that it would help economic growth. there would be complete understanding between not only countries but all people throughout the world which would promote learning. if everyone spoke one language. One evident benefit to having one global language is that it would enable greater understanding between countries. their cultures. it would mean that all other languages would eventually disappear and. the flow of information and ideas. there will be fewer barriers and therefore trade would flourish between countries. too much would be lost as a result. Secondly. This would devastate many countries economically that rely on tourism as a source of income. An example of an advantage / disadvantage model essay. The diversity of cultures is one of the joys this world has to offer. Having one language would certainly aid understanding and economic growth but there will also be some drawbacks.

offenders are not given a chance to retrain and learn new skills for their future or develop a deeper understanding of correct moral behaviour and instead mix with other criminals. Another method of dealing with criminals who reoffend is to have more supervision and checks in place when they are back in society. There is a range of sentence structures and also tenses used. and what measures can be taken to tackle this problem? A large number of criminals who serve their first prison sentence. If governments implemented these solutions. once they have been released from prison. As a result. This essay address the task completely. regardless of the consequences. Linking is used not only effectively but also flexibly. having training in prison and also close observation when first time offenders are released are effective in dealing with the issue. In conclusion. leave prison only to reoffend. There are two effective solutions to the problem of repeat offenders.Many offenders commit more crimes after serving the first punishment. the reason for most first-time offenders committing crimes again. Essay Length: 290 words . crime figures would soon drop. By doing this. In other words. Why is this happening. Firstly. it will help them reintegrate back into society and give them some means of supporting themselves financially. Paragraphing is also used effectively to help the reader. This solution would hopefully prevent them from taking any chances and deter them from reoffending because they are being so closely watched. is due to the lack of rehabilitation whilst in prison. This is mainly because of the lack of rehabilitation and difficulty finding regular employment once released. which only strengthens their criminal intentions. Vocabulary is also flexible with a good range of less common words. Secondly. Both causes and solutions are given and developed with relevant ideas. One way to tackle this is to ensure that all criminals entering prison are given the chance to retrain with useful skills which will hopefully ensure them a job after they have served their sentence. many of them struggle financially which leads them back to crime. repeat offending is also owing to the difficulty in finding employment after being released. There are a number of solutions which should be implemented to deal with criminals who reoffend.

few people would enjoy them on their own. Take for example the comparison between developing and developed countries. Your essay should never have more than 3 body paragraphs. which can be found though job satisfaction as well as family. it does not necessarily follow that people without money are. the first body paragraph is answering the first question and the second question is answered with two main points in two different body paragraphs. therefore. You can see that in this IELTS model essay. If more people strived in life towards true happiness rather than money. While money may bring the opportunities to enjoy pleasures. enjoy stronger family connections and take more pleasure in the simplicities of life to a greater extent than those in developed countries. Each question may have one or two main points to answer it. the world would be a better place. In my opinion. it is possible for people to be happy even if they have little money and other aspects of life can play a more vital role in creating happiness. brings happiness in itself. Your task is to give an answer to both questions and no more. One way that people can gain happiness is through their work. unhappy.Some people think that money is one of the most essential factors in promoting happiness. IELTS Model Essay Score 9 for Direct Questions. happiness can be found by using skills that people are trained for and through job satisfaction. Do you think people can be happy without much money? What other factors contribute towards happiness? Money is considered by many people to be one of the most important contributing factors towards happiness. In other words. money is not essential for happiness. Although having money brings happiness to a lot of people. another factor influencing happiness is having supportive and loving people in one's life. a doctor doing volunteer work in underdeveloped countries may have very little money but the reward of helping people and doing the job they are good at. Being surrounded by a loving and caring family is considered by most people to more valuable than any amount of money. most Westerners would agree that people in developing countries are happier. This model essay shows you how to answer each question directly and how to organise the answers into paragraphs. For instance. In conclusion. Words = 275 (an appropriate length for writing task 2) . Finally.

The task is a direct questions essay which is quite common in IELTS. . languages and physical education in the school syllabus is essential. Children need to have a balance of all subjects so as to facilitate a healthy development both mentally and physically. In my opinion. some children are particularly gifted in their creative abilities and studying art can help them nurture their talents. Furthermore. individual thinkers when they reach adulthood. Finally. it should be taught equally alongside all other subjects. In conclusion. Another important advantage for children when practicing art is that it provides a medium through which they can express their emotions and feelings. children should definitely learn art because they can develop creativity and learn to express themselves in their art work but it should not be taught to the detriment of other subjects. this should not result in more focus being placed on art rather than other subjects. Do you think it is important for children to be taught art? Do you think children should be encouraged to focus on art rather than other subjects? It is commonly believed that art plays a fundamental role in society as artists are able to express their thoughts and their culture in their work. should learn in order to help promote their creativity and imagination. art is an essential subject which children. especially young children. young children do not have the linguistic capabilities to put their ideas into language and thus communicate directly. Without the development of imagination and creative thinking. the linkers and the sentence structures.Art is considered an important part of a society as well as an expression of its culture. they are able to convey meaning through pictures and symbols. Therefore. by using art. Read it carefully and pay attention to the structure of the essay. sciences. For this reason. Firstly. A school curriculum should offer a balance of subjects. regardless of how useful the study of art is for children. ensuring that there is a healthy balance of art. however. In other words. Thus. while art certainly helps a child develop creativity as well as express their thoughts. children will struggle in grow into dynamic. Below is an example of a band score 9 IELTS writing task 2 model essay. many child psychologists often study the art work of children to gain an insight into what they think and feel.

they are instead choosing to take more interest in people online. Words 280. Firstly. the word length of this essay is typical for anyone aiming for band score 6. I agree that they have had a damaging effect on local communities. Consequently. while I believe that such sites are mainly beneficial to the individual. On the other hand. Rather than individual people taking part in their local community. Check the model essay and then read the comments. they have not had the same effect on society or local communities. Local communities should do mor to try and involve local people in local activities in order to promote the future of community life. The topic was reported as bring in the IELTS test last week. To conclude. the effect that Facebook and other social networking sites have had on societies and local communities can only been seen as negative. With regards to individuals. 7 or above. the people within local communities are no longer forming close or supportive relationships and society as a whole is becoming increasingly disjointed and fragmented as people spend more time online with people they have never met face to face and who they are unlikely to ever meet in the future. in my opinion. However. The writing task 2 sample answer below is estimated at band score 9. are thought by some to have had a detrimental effect on individual people as well as society and local communities. You will also see paraphrasing for advantage / disadvantage language which can be useful for you in other essays. Facebook also has social groups which offer individuals a chance to meet and participate in discussions with people who share common interests. the impact that online social media has had on each individual person has clear advantages. To what extend do you agree? Social networking sites. although social networking sites have brought individuals closer together. whereas before the development of technology and social networking sites. for instance Facebook. people from different countries are brought together through sites such as Facebook. This essay shows you the organisation of ideas into paragraphs and also how a clear answer is given in the thesis statement in the introduction and then supported and explained in full throughout the essay. Secondly. Furthermore. people rarely had the chance to meet or communicate with anyone outside of their immediate circle or community. .Many people believe that social networking sites (such as Facebook) have had a huge negative impact on both individuals and society.

other people think that getting experience and developing soft skills is more important. it would be more important for a candidate to have soft skills and experience in that line of business so they can step into a position without further training and be of immediate benefit to the company. it is impossible to be considered for a position without the required educational background. it is often thought that having relevant experience in that line of work or having acquired useful soft skills that can be valuable to a company. On the one hand. It is considered by some that being a university graduate is the key to securing a good job while there are others who think that it is better to have experience and soft skills. In my opinion. In contrast. in business. in my opinion. can also throw the balance in favour of the applicant. The competition to get in to universities and the increasing number of graduates shows just how significant this level of education is for people’s future work opportunities. Discuss both sides and give your opinion. People should make sure they attain the necessary skills or degrees before applying for a job in order to be sure of success. In conclusion.Completing university education is thought by some to be the best way to get a good job. Finally. can put one ahead of the game when applying for a position. On the other hand. therefore. Take for example law. having tertiary education puts people one step ahead of others who do not and this can be the deciding factor in getting a good job. I believe that having university education is essential for academic jobs while soft skills and experience are more useful in business. On the other hand. getting a good job requires a relevant background either in experience or education depending on the type of work and field. For many positions there are an overwhelming number of applicants and. having work experience and soft skills. depends on the position being applied for. many think it is easier for most people to find a good job if they are university graduates with a good degree. In other words. . according to some. whether needing high level education or skills and experience. such as leadership skills and other interpersonal skills. medicine or teaching.

I wanted to give you a long essay so you could get examples of discussion essay expressions and how to impartially support both sides before giving your opinion. In addition. many famous lifesaving drugs were invented in this way. possibly even a cure for cancer and AIDS. the animals which are used are not usually wild but are bred especially for experiments. they believe it is not true that animal experiments are responsible for reducing the number of wild animals on the planet. and come to a conclusion on this issue. It is often said that animals should not be used in testing because it is cruel and unnecessary. others feel that there are good arguments against this. . Although it may improve the lives of humans. they feel that many tests are not really important. Indeed. This essay will examine the arguments for and against animal testing. Another issue is that sometimes an experiment on animals gives us the wrong result because animals’ bodies are not exactly the same as our own. it is not fair that animals should suffer in order to achieve this. this testing may not be providing the safety that its proponents claim. Furthermore. and animal experiments may help us to find more cures in the future. which could be tested on humans instead. This is a a band score 9 essay with over 300 words. Examine the arguments in favour of and against animal experiments. You should aim for about 260-280 words. First and foremost. (Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge. On the other hand. For instance.) Issues related to animal experimentation are frequently discussed these days. and in fact animals are not only used to test new medicines but also new cosmetics.This IELTS discussion essay sample answer is estimated at band 9. As a consequence. animal experiments are unkind and cause animals a lot of pain. In conclusion. I am of the opinion. Therefore. the people who support these experiments say that we must do tests on animals. particularly in the media. that the benefits do not outweigh the disadvantages. and testing on animals should not continue. On the one hand. However. I don't recommend that you try to write an essay of this length in your test. on balance.

And relative clauses: '.the animals which are used are not usually wild." and 'As a consequence. such as adverbial clauses: 'Although it may improve the lives of humans.... .. Conclusions are then drawn with the writer giving their opinion in the conclusion. with each body paragraph having a central idea.This animal testing essay would achieve a high score. No ideas are left unclear or unexplained.explaining the arguments 'for' in the first paragraph and the arguments 'against' in the next. For example..' are used to give results. it is not fair that animals should suffer in order to achieve this'..' indicates a change to discuss the contrasting ideas.' Transitions are also used effectively to ensure there is good coherence and cohesion. 'On the other hand. There is also some good topic related vocabulary in the animal testing essay such as 'life saving drugs' and 'bred' and a mix of complex sentences... Ideas are also extended and supported by the use of reasons and some examples or further clarification. It is thus very clearly organised. It fully answers all parts of the task.. Noun clauses: '. and 'Therefore.they feel that many tests are not really important'..

It can. for instance. For example. Indeed. this only has a short-term effect and does little to address the longer-term causes of poverty. be highly effective in allowing governments to buy food or provide housing for the poor. My belief is that these programmes need to be supplemented by alternative forms of aid that are more likely to bring a long-term solution. In conclusion. Poverty is an issue that still afflicts many developing countries around the world. it can even worsen the situation if it is provided in the form of a loan that needs to be repaid. Another practical idea is to work to improve the conditions that cause poverty in the first place. It would be wrong to state that financial assistance has no effect in the fight against poverty.DC IELTS ESSAY SAMPLE (BAND 8) Even though developing countries receive financial aid. by policies that work towards a longer-term solution and greater self-reliance. especially in cases of natural disasters. volunteers could train them how to run their own micro-business and so breed an enterprise culture. as that is the surest way to find a long-term solution. Typically. This is despite longstanding programmes that have attempted to alleviate this problem by delivering financial assistance. poverty is still a problem. I do believe that financial assistance does have a limited role to play in the fight to eradicate poverty. . Whichever form of aid is chosen. This could mean building water wells or improving irrigation systems as both lack of food and water contribute to poverty. One of these is for donor nations and NGOs to provide training for the poor to give them the skills to escape the poverty trap. however. There are a number of alternative forms of aid that could work more efficiently in the longterm fight against poverty. To what extent do you agree or disagree? And suggest what other form of aid could be offered. This needs to be supplemented. however. it should aim at making the poor more self-reliant. Some people believe that in order to eliminate poverty in developing countries other forms of aid are needed. however.

but I believe that it is also wise to take account of the performance of more junior members of staff. even if they are relatively junior. my belief is it should certainly not be the only criterion for deciding who should be promoted. This can be seen by how some muti-nationals use annual performance and development reviews when deciding on promotion. as they would understand the culture and policies of the company better. which might lose a significant amount of business to its competitors. on a practical level. Under this system a supervisor can set targets for an employee and if those targets are met. then the employee can be promoted. While length of service is undoubtedly an important factor. There are without question sound arguments for promoting employees who have been working for a company for a number of years.Some people think that only staff who worked in a company for a long time should be promoted to a higher position. Again. The first of these is that these more experienced employees would be able to adapt themselves to being in a higher position. Rather it would be better for companies to have a more varied policy in this area. they might well leave the company to find a higher position and earn a larger salary. What's your opinion? One of the reasons why companies choose to promote some staff is seniority. if they were not promoted. Despite these reasons. there is no doubt a case for implementing a policy of promoting long-serving members of staff. The benefit of this approach is that it encourages staff to work harder and rewards merit and not just long service. . there is a strong argument in favour of also promoting staff because of their performance. This could have serious consequences for the company. In conclusion.

The expertise of a teacher in how to explain and adapt complex concepts to different individuals can hardly be mimicked by a computer. there will be no replacement for the human interaction. To summarize. Though experts systems have made computers more intelligent. This. In my opinion what can be expected is a change of the teachers’ role. simulators and other academic materials provide the student with an ever accessible source of information. At a higher educational level the availability of digital books. This is an excellent essay! Are you a native English speaker? Well done. in my personal view. As computers are becoming a common tool for teaching. 365 words instead of 250-265 maximum. There is no doubt that education and the learning process has changed since the introduction of computers: The search for information has become easier and amusing. that otherwise would not be at hand. the need for human interaction in the learning process will always be present. teachers play and will continue to play an important role in the classroom. keep updated and serve as problem solvers in the learning process. But. there will be soon no role for teachers in the classroom. accompanied by the relaxing attitude and software interactivity. The only problem is that this essay is too long. . and connectivity has expedited the data availability. but not their disappearance from the classroom. no matter how sophisticated its software is. besides the increasing complexity and behavior of intelligent software. thus allowing students to discover the fact for themselves. Nobody can argue that the acquisition of knowledge is more fun and easier with computers. They have to be open minded to the changes that are taking places.As computers are being used more and more in education. but in the way haw this interaction takes place. which is usually embedded in the academic digital material. No matter how complex computers become. at least in the foreseeable future. they have not yet become a substitute of the human interaction in the learning process. There is the necessity for a human being to be able to determine what the specifics needs of each individual are. especially at the primary level. The mere activity of touching and exploring this device constitutes an enjoyable task for a child. teachers should be more aware of their role as guides in the acquisition of knowledge rather than transmitters of facts. usually contributes to a better grasping of new knowledge.

In other words. by incorporating more sports to classes into the curriculum as well as encouraging extracurricular sports activities. I completely agree that this is the best way to tackle the issue of deteriorating public health in relation to weight. most parents do not exercise themselves because they do not have the time which could be solved by both children and parents taking part in sports together. they will undoubtedly become fitter and more active. to deal with an increasing population of unfit. Another point to consider is that having more sports lessons for children in schools will probably result in children developing an interest in exercise which might filter through other members of their family. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Owing to the problems which a growing population of overweight people cause for the health care system. parents with sporty children are more likely to get involved as a way of encouraging their children in their chosen interests. some people think that the key to solving these issues is to have more sport and exercise in schools. That is to say. However. At the moment. In my opinion. the average child in the West does sport possibly twice a week. In conclusion. changing the lifestyle of the coming generation by introducing sport in schools is the easiest and most effective method to use. it will ensure that the next generation will not have the same health problems. Furthermore. which is not enough to counteract their otherwise sedentary lifestyle.The growing number of overweight people is putting a strain on the health care system in an effort to deal with the health issues involved. Firstly. Some people think that the best way to deal with this problem is to introduce more physical education lessons in the school curriculum. overweight people. it is difficult to solve the problems immediately but by introducing more healthy activities in schools. . dealing with the issues surrounding obesity and weight problems is best solved by taking a long term approach and introducing more sport and exercise in schools. This is certainly a natural and lasting way to improve public health.

In my opinion. However. Finally. Do you agree or disagree? Give your opinion. some families moved abroad.In some parts of the world it is becoming popular to research the history of one's own family. In conclusion. That is to say. some people look into their family history in order to discover any common trends with family members of a previous generation. the trend of researching family history is certainly beneficial and can help people find their place in the world. generations ago which resulted in them losing their original culture and adopting the culture of the country they moved to. There are two questions to this essay. Some people feel a lack of direction in life or are dislocated from others but by learning more about their past family history. governments should spend money on other things rather than art. Firstly. a person who feels nervous about making a certain choice in life. people can see common trends passed through generations which can only be seen as beneficial for people’s future. Many governments in the world spend large amounts of money on art which helps to develop quality in people’s life. through research and knowing more about one’s family. people can learn more about their country of origin and understand more about the culture that their family originally came from. if this was incorporated into the school curriculum. away from their own country. for example. In other words. Another reason for the popularity of finding out about one’s family history is often due to general curiosity of one’s geographical origins. it can be advantageous for people to learn more about the family’s background and origins. This can be especially so with people who have particular skills. Make sure you answer each question clearly and explain your ideas sufficiently if you want to get band score 6 or above. through research. it can help them relate to the world and feel more comfortable about who they are. . Take. Therefore. Why might people want to do this? Is it a positive or negative development? Exploring one’s family background and history is becoming increasingly popular in numerous countries around the world. gifts or interests in uncommon fields. it can be interesting for people to learn how many others in their family shared these talents from previous generations. It would be useful for children to learn about their own family history. as some gifts and skills are hereditary. they may feel comforted by knowing that others in their family made the same choice many generations ago.

it is not a waste of money. I do not think spending on the arts is a waste of money. many theaters and other such places may have to close. there are clear benefits of ensuring a large amount of investment goes into public services as this influences the quality of life for nearly all of us. if not enough money is spent on schools. I do not believe spending money on the arts is a waste of money as this too provides important benefits. Also. public services are the things such as hospitals. However. the government spends a large part of its budget not only on public services. The second paragraph in this sample IELTS writing then sets out clearly why some money should also go on the arts. Similarly.These days. To begin. The essay gives a clear thesis at the beginning. and these things determine the quality of life that most of us will have. the arts also have an important impact on our quality of life. so without some help from the government. To sum up. There are several reasons for spending a significant amount of the government budget on public services. Many people get great pleasure in going to see music and theatre performances so it is important that the government assists such institutions so that they can continue to provide entertainment to the public. Although I agree that it is important to spend money on public services. This is supported with reasons and examples. The conclusion then restates the authors opinion . This makes it clear that the writer partly agrees with the statement i. it is difficult for many arts institutions to generate much profit. roads and schools. but it is if too much is spent on it. it will be the poor in our society that will be affected more if we do not spend enough on these things because they are the ones more dependent on such services. The first paragraph sets out why the writer thinks a significant portion of money should go on public services. For example. if the government does not spend enough money on hospitals. It is also a well-organized essay. this does not mean that the arts should be completely neglected. That said. First and foremost. our children may not be properly educated. but also the arts.e. the health of our society may decline. Moreover.

The high divorce rates have meant many children have been brought up in one-parent families with no father to act as a role model which is detrimental to their development. who without this guidance are easily led astray by bad influences such as drugs and crime. Discuss some possible reasons for this increase and suggest solutions. Parents should also be encouraged to take more responsibility for their children. For example. They could. They could. Over the last decade there has been a massive rise in the level of crime committed by teenagers in a numbers of countries. This is particularly important for boys. the government should provide more support for families. Ultimately.The crime rate among teenagers has increased dramatically in many countries. but solutions are available. ways to tackle these problems. however. many television programs about this issue have shown that teenagers hang around in the evenings with little to do. it is clear that there are various reasons for this rise in crime. Therefore. There are. invest more into building and staffing youth centers which would provide guidance through the youth workers and also enable teenagers to focus their attention on sport and other activities. the boredom means they will find there own entertainment. we may be able to prevent the situation declining further. Another factor is the lack of things to do for the young. for instance. which is often crime. for example. If we begin to tackle the issue now. in the UK. Firstly. It is important to establish why this has happened and to look at ways to solve the problem. find a male relative to act as a role model. the onus is on them to ensure their children are brought up in a loving environment which would make them less likely to turn to crime. When this happens. One reason is the break down in the nuclear family. .

there are clearly further benefits. there are other benefits for individuals and society. As a result. It is certainly true that one of the main aims of university is to secure a better job. Attending university is one of the best ways to do this as it increases your marketable skills and your attractiveness to potential employers. further education is very expensive for many people. Discuss both views and give your opinion. . the independence of living away from home is a benefit because it helps the students develop better social skills and improve as a person. more and more people are making the choice to go to university. I believe that although a main aim of university education is to get the best job. it will lead to a better future for everyone. While some people are of the opinion that the only purpose of a university education is to improve job prospects. live in halls of residence and meet new friends.Some people believe the aim of university education is to help graduates get better jobs. Also. If we continue to promote and encourage university attendance. Secondly. others think that society and the individual benefit in much broader ways. society will gain from the contribution that the graduates can make to the economy. Others believe there are much wider benefits of university education for both individuals and society. will have to leave their families. Many students. especially developing countries. They definitely want to ensure that their students are going to get the best jobs as this will affect future funding and university applications. their maturity and confidence will grow enabling them to live more fulfilling lives. We are living in a very competitive world. in Europe. To conclude. For example. To begin. the majority of people want to improve their future career prospects. need educated people in order to compete and prosper. so countries. These days. However. for instance. universities have their reputation to consider. Firstly. so most would not consider it if it would not provide them with a more secure future and a higher standard of living.

theatre and dance. As society develops it is increasingly seen as an uncivilized activity and cruel to the helpless animals that are killed. Despite the fact that killing animals for sport is popular in modern society. Discuss the main arguments for this statement and give your own opinion. All blood sports should be banned. What things do the Arts provide to the world that Science and Technology do not? Societies have developed rapidly over time due to the many advances in science and technology.Blood sports have become a hot topic for debate in recent years. to name just three examples. the less time they spend with real human beings. it remains a contentious issue. How far do you agree with this opinion? A recent study shows that as people use the internet more. the arts are also very important and provide our world with many things that science and technology cannot. According to a recent study. Science and technology have helped the world make many advances. I believe that blood sports are cruel and uncivilized and so should be banned as soon as possible. Even though it has increased communication around the world in a positive ways. they are spending less time with human beings. I believe it has also lead to negative effects on the day-to-day social interaction of human beings. The Arts. However. the more time people use the Internet. Some people say that instead of seeing the Internet as a way of opening up new communication possibilities worldwide. such as painting. we should be concerned about the effect this is having on social interaction. are also valuable. . however.

This essay will examine both sides of the issue.Unemployment has become an increasing problem in the recent past. Some people think children in secondary school should study international news as part of the curriculum. Discuss both views and give your opinion. I believe that this is completely wrong and should be made illegal. Some people believe the aim of university education is to help graduates get better jobs. while others think that this should be illegal. What factors contribute to an increase in unemployment and what steps can be taken to solve the problem? Recently. Some people think that young children should be allowed to do paid work. Others think that this would be a waste of time as there are already too many subjects for children to concentrate on. Whilst some people are of the opinion that this is an entirely acceptable practice. At present. While some people are of the opinion that it would be useful to include international news as a subject in the school curriculum. Discuss both views and give your own opinion. while others believe that this is a waste of the students time as they are already overloaded with subjects to study. others believe that this is a waste of students time because they are already overloaded with subjects to study. Others believe there are much wider benefits of university education for both individuals and society. more and more young children are becoming involved in paid work. OR As the world is becoming more global. . This essay will discuss the reasons for this increase and consider the practical solutions are available. there is a noticeable and alarming increase in the rate of unemployment in many countries around the world. some people are of the opinion that it would be useful to include international news as a subject in the curricula. This essay will examine both sides of the issue. Discuss both opinions and give your opinion.

Secondly... Also.. Connectors (To begin. the writer has demonstrated that they are able to use complex sentence structures (While. more and more people are making the choice to go to university.). live in halls of residence and meet new friends.). establishing that two sides of this issue will be discussed (While some people are of the opinion. the topic sentences make it clear when the first opinion is being discussed (It is certainly true that one of the main aims of university is to secure a better job...These days. If we continue to promote and encourage university attendance.. there are other benefits for individuals and society. society will gain from the contribution that the graduates can make to the economy.. Secondly) are used well to introduce each new supporting idea. I believe that although a main aim of university education is to get the best job.. As a result.) are used to expand on these ideas. there are clearly further benefits.. there are other benefits for individuals and society. further education is very expensive for many people.As a result. A case in point is that many students will have to leave their families.others think that.)..as.... Therefore. Firstly. thus ensuring the question has been answered. Firstly. . We are living in a very competitive world.in order to. It is certainly true that one of the main aims of university is to secure a better job..A case in point is that.. Thus job prospects are very important.that.. Further connectors (For example. The majority of people want to improve their future career prospects and attending university is one of the best ways to do this as it increases a person’s marketable skills and attractiveness to potential employers.. The writer in this IELTS writing example has a clear thesis in the second sentence of the introduction. In addition. others think that society and the individual benefit in much broader ways.) and when the writer is moving onto the next opinion (However.. While some people are of the opinion that the only purpose of a university education is to improve job prospects. However. Finally. it will lead to a better future for individuals and society... their maturity and confidence will grow enabling them to live more fulfilling lives. so countries need educated people in order to compete and prosper. Looking at the structure. so most would not consider it if it would not provide them with a more secure future and a higher standard of living.. and has discussed both views and combined this with his/her opinion.... the independence of living away from home is a benefit because it helps the students develop better social skills and improve as a person.

so there is a scarcity of evidence to support the claims of their supporters. A thesis statement that agrees with the opinion: However. chronic conditions. It is accepted that it pre-dates conventional medicine and it is still used by many people all over the world. Alternative medicine is not new. they often have few or no side . and feel that both alternative and conventional medicine can be useful. Despite the lack of scientific proof. such as accidental injury. often require more conventional methods. Furthermore. far from being dangerous. In addition. at best these methods are ineffective. It is accepted that it pre-dates conventional medicine and it is still used by many people all over the world. A thesis statement that disagrees with the opinion: I am unconvinced that it is dangerous. there is a lot of anecdotal evidence to suggest that these therapies work. and feel that both alternative and conventional medicine can be useful. but for some illnesses it is a good alternative choice. Acute medical problems. and therefore come to the therapist with a very positive attitude. these therapies are usually only useful for long-term. I strongly believe that this form of medicine does not work and is possibly a danger to those using it. Moreover. There are several reasons why the conventional medical community is often dismissive of alternatives. A thesis statement that partly agrees with the opinion: I agree that for certain conditions this type of medicine is ineffective and could even be dangerous. Firstly. there has been little scientific research into such medicine. I am unconvinced that it is dangerous. people often try such treatment because of recommendations from friends. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? Alternative medicine is not new. which may be part of the reason for the cure. On the other hand.Currently there is a trend towards the use of alternative forms of medicine. there remain strong arguments for the use of alternatives. However. and at worst they may be dangerous.

it would be... The food in these places has been proven to be very unhealthy.). If they were totally unhelpful. Over the last ten years... The first body paragraph expresses some doubt about alternative therapies (.. whilst conventional medicine is available without charge. western societies have seen close to a 20% rise in the number of children who are overweight. so the worst outcome would be no change. They have different strengths.) and puts forward a clear view on the issue (I am unconvinced. One of the strongest arguments for the effectiveness of alternative therapies in the West is that.).. . The essay has a well-balanced argument looking at both sides of the issue.. The main cause of this problem is poor diet. There is also a good range of grammatical structures (If they were totally unhelpful..few side effects)..) and examines the benefits (.... finally). The writer in this IELTS sample essay introduces the topic in the introductory paragraph (Alternative medicine.effects. but in the second body paragraph the writer takes a different view (On the other hand. on nearly every high street there is a MacDonald’s.) and sums up the fact that both types of treatment are valid today. and connectors (despite the fact. and can both be used effectively to target particular medical problems. Example of a ‘Causes and Effects’ Essay: The percentage of overweight children in western society has increased by almost 20% in the last ten years.. I strongly believe that conventional medicine and alternative therapies can and should coexist. it would be surprising if this continued. Kentucky Fried Chicken and Pizza Hut. in addition.).. This essay will discuss some reasons why this has occurred and examine the consequences of this worrying trend. The best situation would be for alternative therapies to be used to support and complement conventional medicine.. For example. and much of the advertising is targeted at . Discuss the causes and effects of this disturbing trend..and feel. many people are prepared to pay considerable sums for alternatives...little scientific research. The writer's concluding paragraph offers a strong opinion (I strongly believe. Over the last decade there has been a prolific increase in the number of fast food restaurants.only useful for long term..

especially diabetes. there has been a large increase in health related diseases amongst children. To sum up. Firstly. Preserving certain old buildings is important for several reasons. it is not only due to eating out. showing us how people many centuries . What are the advantages and disadvantages of such a solution? Traffic congestion in many cities around the world is severe. old buildings such as temples. Many old buildings protected by law are part of a nation’s history. One possible solution to this problem is to impose heavy taxes on car drivers and use this money to make public transport better. which may affect their mental health. villages and surrounding areas which have historical significance. it is evident that there are several causes of obesity amongst children. especially with regards to ready-made meals which are a quick and easy option for parents who are working hard. However. governments should tax private car owners heavily and use the money to improve public transportation. Some people think they should be knocked down and replaced by news ones. and a variety of negative effects. these structures provide an insight into the history of our countries. churches and houses in their cities. The negative stigma of being overweight may also affect selfesteem. This debilitating illness means a child has to be injected with insulin for the rest of their life. Firstly. Not only this. thus ensuring that they constitute the bulk of the customers of these establishments. or possibly many. A lot of food consumed is processed food. Society must ensure steps are taken to prevent this problem from deteriorating further.children. In my opinion. very overweight children often experience bullying from other children. but also the type of diet many children have at home. How important is it to maintain old buildings? Should history stand in the way of progress? Most nations around the world have at least some. Example of an ‘Advantages and Disadvantages’ Essay: In order to solve traffic problems. This essay will discuss the benefits and drawbacks of such a measure. but this does not mean progress should stop. The effects of this have been and will continue to be very serious. it is very important to maintain these.

Also. but on a more practical level. so most would not consider it if it would not provide them with a more secure future and a higher standard of living. this certainly does not mean that modernization should be discouraged. Discuss both views and give your opinion. Not only this. the independence of living away from home is a benefit because it helps the students develop better social skills and improve as a person. It is certainly true that one of the main aims of university is to secure a better job. However. Many of these buildings are also very beautiful. Without them. Firstly. For example. many of these buildings provide important income to a country as many tourists visit them in great numbers. and in fact it is the opposite. we could only learn by books. I believe that it is very important to protect and preserve old buildings as we can learn about our history as can others from other countries. and being used for modern purposes. and it would undoubtedly be sad if this were the only way to see them. These days. By studying and learning about our history. and this helps us to build a better future. Some people believe the aim of university education is to help graduates get better jobs. A case in point is that many students will have to leave their . others think that society and the individual benefit in much broader ways. more and more people are making the choice to go to university. The majority of people want to improve their future career prospects and attending university is one of the best ways to do this as it increases a persons marketable skills and attractiveness to potential employers. Others believe there are much wider benefits of university education for both individuals and society. further education is very expensive for many people. in no way does history hinder progress. I believe that old buildings can be protected in tandem with progress. we understand more about the world we live in. Such knowledge can also help us to understand how to modernize our countries in the best way. While some people are of the opinion that the only purpose of a university education is to improve job prospects.ago lived their lives. Thus job prospects are very important. there are other benefits for individuals and society. To conclude. However. In addition. Take for example the many religious buildings such as churches and temples that we see around the world. in many circumstances we see old historic buildings being renovated whilst maintaining their original character.

so countries need educated people in order to compete and prosper.. As a result... Further connectors (For example. What are the advantages and disadvantages of such a solution? Traffic congestion in many cities around the world is severe...A case in point is that.. governments should tax private car owners heavily and use the money to improve public transportation..). the writer has demonstrated that they are able to use complex sentence structures (While. Finally..)..families. live in halls of residence and meet new friends. Also.. Therefore. Another benefit would be that much more use would be made of public transport if it was improved..as. their maturity and confidence will grow enabling them to live more fulfilling lives. Firstly.. In order to solve traffic problems. and has discussed both views and combined this with his/her opinion. Connectors (To begin..).in order to. Looking at the structure.. I believe that although a main aim of university education is to get the best job. If we continue to promote and encourage university attendance...that.. it will lead to a better future for individuals and society. One of the first benefits of such a measure is that the heavy taxes would discourage car owners from using their cars because it would become very expensive to drive. Secondly. thus ensuring the question has been answered. society will gain from the contribution that the graduates can make to the economy.. Secondly) are used well to introduce each new supporting idea..As a result..others think that. The writer in this IELTS writing example has a clear thesis in the second sentence of the introduction. It is often the case that public transport in cities ... thus reducing traffic problems and pollution as well. the topic sentences make it clear when the first opinion is being discussed (It is certainly true that one of the main aims of university is to secure a better job. there are other benefits for individuals and society. We are living in a very competitive world.) and when the writer is moving onto the next opinion (However.. there are clearly further benefits. This would mean that they would begin to make use of public transport instead.) are used to expand on these ideas. One possible solution to this problem is to impose heavy taxes on car drivers and use this money to make public transport better. establishing that two sides of this issue will be discussed (While some people are of the opinion.. This essay will discuss the benefits and drawbacks of such a measure.

this would be a heavy burden on the car drivers.e. and so further taxes would only mean less money at the end of the month for most people who may have no choice but to drive every day. with the advantages of such a solution in the first body paragraph and the disadvantages in the next. It is organized well. Nevertheless. this type of tax would likely be set at a fixed amount.is very poor. we often see old buses and trains that people would rather not use. Each paragraph has two ideas and they are well signaled and supported. would be a heavy burden... This would mean that it would hit those with less money harder. To conclude. . The topic is clearly stated in the general statement of the introduction. taxes are already high for a lot of people. For example. but there are advantages and disadvantages of introducing such a policy. First and foremost.. something that has not happened (would discourage car owners. this solution is worth considering to improve the current situation. there are drawbacks to such a solution. and the thesis tells the reader that advantages and disadvantages will be discussed.). In addition.. At present. It is therefore not a fair tax.. whilst the rich could likely afford it. High taxes would generate enough money to make the necessary changes.. There are some good uses of tenses to show the writer is discussing the unreal future i.

This essay will examine the reasons why global warming is occurring and discuss some possible solutions. there are steps that governments and individuals can take to reduce its effects. Nevertheless. it is important that this is treated as a priority for all concerned. wind power and solar power are all things that are a step in the right direction. Plant-derived plastics.Global warming is one of the most serious issues that the world is facing today. but governments need to enforce the limits on CO2 emissions for the polluting industries in their countries for these to be effective. The predominant factors resulting in the warming of the earth are the emissions of CO2 and deforestation. and planting trees in the garden can help. small things like buying energy efficient light bulbs. What are the causes of global warming and what measures can governments and individuals take to tackle the issue? Probably the most worrying threat to our planet at the present time is global warming. which continues to increase because of our demand for cars and also our increasing worldwide consumption. turning off electricity in the house. although global warming is a serious issue. which damages the ozone layer. They can also switch to energy companies that use renewable energy rather than fossil fuels. forests store large amounts of carbon. People should try to buy cars with the best fuel economy. . resulting in an increasing need to transport goods. so deforestation is causing larger amounts of CO2 to remain in the atmosphere. there are potential ways to solve these problems. individuals can play a part by making lifestyle changes. Another cause of these emissions is the burning of gasoline for transportation. CO2. Finally. and only use their car when really necessary. Also. To conclude. This releases thousands of tones of CO2 into the atmosphere every year. or at least reduce the effects. but the most problematic are those coming from the burning of fossil fuels from power plants. Also. governments need to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and promote alternatives. Firstly. biodiesel. comes from several sources. If we are to save our planet.

and everything must be done to ensure human survival. although some people argue killing animals for research and food is ethical. people believe it is acceptable for several reasons. With regard to the exploitation of animals. so this is unnecessary. so if we have to kill animals for food or other uses. I do not believe these arguments stand up to scrutiny. steps must be taken to improve the rights of animals. having to kill animals for food is not an adequate argument. not to find cures for diseases. I would argue there is sufficient evidence to demonstrate that this is not the case. To begin. Furthermore. while others argue that humans must employ animals to satisfy their various needs. Firstly. it is believed by some that animals do not feel pain or loss as humans do. Some people believe that animals should be treated in the same way humans are and have similar rights. including uses for food and research.A growing number of people feel that animals should not be exploited by people and that they should have the same rights as humans. To sum up. This essay will discuss both points of view. then this takes priority over animal suffering. therefore. again. If this means experimenting on animals so that we can fight and find cures for diseases. Discuss the arguments in favour of both these positions and state your own position on the issue. then this is morally acceptable. and they suffer when they are kept in cages for long periods. a substantial amount of animal research is done for cosmetics. it has been shown on numerous occasions by secret filming in laboratories via animal rights groups that animals feel as much pain as humans do. they think that humans are the most important beings on the planet. and. . However. Finally. Therefore. it has also been proven that humans can get all the nutrients and vitamins that they need from green vegetables and fruit. In addition. whereas others think that it is more important to use them as we desire for food and medical research.