DIAGRAM

Below is a practice exercise to help you improve your IELTS diagrams. You need to fill in the
gaps in the paragraph below with the appropriate article or correct form of the noun (a / an /
the / nothing / plural). These are the most common mistakes that students make with IELTS
diagram descriptions.
The diagram below shows how hydro-electric power is generated.

This exercise is to develop accuracy with grammar. Complete the paragraph below by either
adding an article (a/an/the/nothing) or by having a plural noun. Here is an example to help
you understand :
Example
(1) ___ (Electricity) is generated by (2) ___ (water) passing through(3) ____ (turbine).
Answer:
 Electricity (no article and no plural)
 water (no article and no plural)
 a turbine (we must use an article here as this is a countable noun and we are
introducing it for the first time)
Diagram Exercise
It can be seen that (1) ___ (evaporation) is caused by (2) ___(sun's heat) and results in (3) ___
(cloud formation) which later leads to (4) ___ (rain). As rain falls, it is collected in (5) ___
(reservoir) which is controlled by (6) ___ (dam). The flow of the water from (7) ___ (dam), is
controlled by (8) ___ (valve) which opens and closes to allow water to flow to (9) ___(turbine)
below (10) ___ (production) of electricity.
ANSWER:
It can be seen that (1) evaporation is caused by (2) the sun’s heat and results in (3)
cloud formation which later leads to (4) rain. As rain falls, it is collected in (5) a reservoir
which is controlled by (6) a dam. The flow of the water from (7) the dam, is controlled by

The other materials used are sand (25%). The diagram below shows the stages and equipment used in the cement-making process.(8) a valve which opens and closes to allow water to flow to (9) <strong>a turbine below for (10) the production of electricity. which is small stones. The body paragraphs are organised well and linking devices are used flexibly and accurately. Collocations are well used. limestone and clay pass through four stages before being bagged ready for use as cement which then accounts for 15% of the four ingredients used to produce concrete. These are all poured into a concrete mixer which continually rotates to combine the materials and ultimately produce concrete. and this makes up 50% of the ingredients. . The resulting mixture is ground in order to produce cement. Regarding the second diagram. and how cement is used to produce concrete for building purposes. limestone and clay are crushed together to form a powder. concrete consists of mainly gravel. Each body paragraphs explained the steps of each process in a logical order. It is possible to have a diagram in your IELTS writing task 1 academic paper. This powder is then combined in a mixer before passing into a rotating heater which has constant heat applied at one end of the tube. A diagram is also known as a process. Complex sentences are accurate and there is also passive voice used. Below is an IELTS diagram model answer which is estimated at band score 9. Diagram Model Answer The diagrams illustrate the way in which cement is made and how it is then used in the process of making concrete. cement (15%) and water (10%). While the process of making cement uses a number of tools. This diagram gives a concise introduction. The final product is afterwards put into bags ready to be used. In the first stage of making cement. the production of concrete requires only a concrete mixer. The overview contains key features of both diagrams and also highlights the connection between them. Overall.

91%) compared to Sweden which spent the least (15. In terms of food. The expenditure of Turkey overall was higher than the other countries. Turkey spent most on these items at just 4. The expenditure of Ireland was also high (28. It is estimated at band score 9. Italy. Spain.5%.80% and 16. drinks and tobacco. The other three countries spent on average around 6. Spain and Italy spent 18. Italy spent more than the other countries on clothing and footwear (9%) as opposed to the lowest expenditure which could be seen in Sweden at 5. Overall. drinks and tobacco. .98%. which was almost three times that of the other items.36% respectively. The lowest expenditure was on leisure and education in the five countries. The lowest expenditure was on leisure and education which accounted for under 5% in all countries. Table Model Answer The table illustrates the proportion of national expenditure in Ireland. all countries spent most on food. Sweden and Turkey on three categories of items in 2002. Turkey spent the most at 32. The table below gives information about consumer spending on different items in five different countries in 2002.35% of their national expenditure which was around double that of Spain who spent the least at just 1.TABLE Below is a model answer for the IELTS table for writing task 1 from IELTS Cambridge book 7.77%).40%.14%.

gradually. at the end of the period. dramatically. steep... significantly. at the beginning of the period. the next three days show.to. the first year. rapidly. Below is useful language and also a check list for you to follow to describe a line graph. rapid. Time phrases: over the next three days.. from. the last year. . significant. considerably Adjectives: steady. you must use give accurate descriptions of main changes over a period of time... the final year. IELTS require you to use a range of language and sentences to relate the informtion given in the graph. / between . in the following three days. sharply.. dramatic. slightly.and. steeply. gradual. three days later. sharp. There was a steady rise in the number of cases in Someland to reach 200 from 1983 to 1989... over the period. considerable Nouns and verbs: Sentences The number of cases in Someland increased steadily from 100 to 200 between 1983 and 1988. slight.. Adverbs: steadily.LINE GRAPH To describe a line graph.

sometimes you can give the difference ‘it increased by double’ 8. In the following year. It is rare for IELTS to give a one-line graph. Organise your body paragraphs logically so it is easy for the examiner to read 10. In 1983. the number of cases plummeted sharply to zero with no cases being reported. Write 150 words or more. Don’t always give from … to … for the amounts. the number remained stable at 350. the number of cases of disease X remained below 200 over the period given except for a considerable surge between 1989 and 1991 when the figures doubled. Add numbers or percentages to your sentences in the body paragraph 9. 1988.GUIDELINES 1. Over the following year. The disease was completely eradicated by the final year. Make sure you are using adjective + noun or verb + adverb 5. adverbs and adjectives  The logical order of information in the body paragraphs Please note: this is a practice exercise lesson. Have a clear introduction 2. So. Overall. Use a range of time phrases 7. Put all main trends in an overview statement – this should be contained in one paragraph 3. There was a dramatic growth in cases to a peak of 400 in 1989 after which it experienced a slight fall to 350 in 1990. the figure returned to the origin number of 100. nouns. . In the last year. Don't have a conclusion 4. Take time to read through the model and pay attention to:  The content of each paragraph  The use of verbs. the number of cases of the disease stood at 100 which then rose steadily over the following 4 years to reach 200 in 1987. use this to practice language and technique. Don’t write under the word count. Don't repeat language of change – use a variety of words 6. Line Graph Model The graph illustrates the number of cases of a particular disease (disease X) in Someland over 10 years from 1983 to 1992.

The line graph below shows radio & television audiences throughout the day in 1992. . Fill in the gaps to complete the sample answer for the above line graph. You can use more than one word in each answer.

Indonesia and Korea) over a period of four years between 1994 and 1997. Hong Kong because they showed different trends from the others.4 paragraphs: introduction. Singapore.Answers: Soal: The line graph below shows the number of overseas students who came from six Asian countries to study in Australia from 1994 to 1997. body paragraph B. Hong Kong.Body paragraph A: put information about Singapore.Body paragraph A: put information about Japan. . body paragraph A. This line graph illustrates how many students went to Australia to study from six different countries in Asia (Japan. Indonesia and Korea . . overview. Malaysia. How to organize the paragraphs: . Malaysia.

it rose. . butter was the most popular spread. Put main trends and highlights in an overall statement 3. which was replaced by margarine from 1991 to 2001.IELTS LINE GRAPH MODEL (BAND SCORE 9) This model line graph for IELTS writing task 1 is estimated at band score 9. low fat and reduced spreads and butter) which were consumed over 26 years from 1981 to 2007. Likewise. Overall. the consumption of margarine and butter decreased over period given while for low fat and reduced spreads. fell slightly in the final years to approximately 70 grams in 2007. approximately 90 grams of margarine was eaten in the first year after which the figure fluctuated slightly and dropped to a low of 40 grams in 2007. This figure. At the start of the period. key features and language for any IELTS line graph. Write one or two sentences about each line 4. which reached a high of just over 80 grams 5 years later. Use this sample writing as a template for structure. With regards to the amount of butter used. The line graph illustrates the amount of three kinds of spreads (margarine. Paraphrase the line graph information for your overview 2. the consumption of low fats and reduced spreads only started in 1996 at about 10 grams. and following that low fat and reduced spreads became the most widely used spread in the final years. Make sure each sentence in the body paragraphs have numbers and dates to support them The graph below shows the consumption of 3 spreads from 1981 to 2007. it began at around 140 grams and then peaked at 160 grams in 1986 before falling dramatically to about 50 grams in the last year. Units are measured in grams. Tips for Line Graphs 1. On the other hand. There are also some tips given below to guide you and help you understand how to describe this type of graph.

transportation. ‘There has been considerable development in Meadowside’ Changes seen in the map: infrastructure. has been extended to the west where a train station has been built. have developed over three different time periods (1962. only had a small road from the west. EXCEPT location and industry Overall. both Meadowside and Fonton were completely separate with no roads or rail connecting them. Currently. which runs through Fonton. To the north of the station. located to the west of Fonton. there is now a business park. 1985 and the present).MAP COMPARISON Below is an IELTS map model answer which is estimated at band score 9. Meadowside. a hotel has been constructed and opposite the station.Use Present Perfect: to write about something that started in the past until now. there was a considerable growth in the size of Meadowside village and Fonton. In 1962. there have been significant changes in infrastructure. both Meadowside. Tense . which is now a suburb. . which is a neighbouring town. The small road in Meadowside village had been converted into a main road and was also extended to the east to connect with Fonton. The maps illustrate how Meadowside village and Fonton. size. Meadowside village increased in size and has become Meadowside Suburb as it merged together with Fonton. While Fonton had a railway line running through it to the north. and Fonton are joined. moreover. The railway line. a leisure complex and a supermarket in the south. entertainment. By 1985. to the south. Meadowside. This is a comparison of three maps in different time periods for the academic writing task 1. Furthermore. housing and facilities over the period given. had also developed a housing estate in the west. buildings.

Neither countries spent much on perfume which accounted for £200. Accurate data is used to support sentences in the body paragraphs.000.000) was over double that of France.000 in the UK.BAR CHART The report has been organised into logical paragraphs with flexible use of linking. On the other hand. This is an estimated band score 9 writing task 1 report for the academic paper. Similarly.000 respectively). the amount spent on the remaining goods was higher in France.000 was spent by the French on computers which was slightly more than the British who spent £300. computers. people in the UK spent about £450. Units are measured in pounds sterling. Furthermore.000. books. the UK spent more money on consumer goods than France in the period given. Both the British and the French spent most of their money on cars whereas the least amount of money was spent on perfume in the UK compared to cameras in France.000. In terms of cars. The overview is very clear with key features well highlighted. There is a range of complex structures and vocabulary is use flexibly. The chart illustrates the amount of money spent on five consumer goods (cars. .000 on this as opposed to the French who spent £400. expenditure on cameras (just over £350. In the UK.000 of expenditure in France but under £150.000 and £300. the most significant difference in expenditure between the two countries was on cameras. the British spent more money on books than the French (around £400. Overall. perfume and cameras) in France and the UK in 2010. which was only £150. Above £350.

10% and 9.10% respectively.63% which rose marginally to 30. in both years. on the other hand.9% in 2005. Use pie chart language: accounts for / comprises of / represents . In all types of energy production there was only minimal change over the 10 year period. If there are two pie charts in different time periods. there was an approximate 5% growth in production from both nuclear power and other sources to 10.27% in 1995 to around a fifth (19. Likewise. while nuclear and other kinds of energy sources generated the least amount of energy in France. With regards to the remaining methods of producing energy. Overall. then you must highlight the key changes / trends 3.PIE CHART MODEL SCORE 9 How to compare two pie charts in IELTS writing task 1. which together accounted for over half the production of energy. This sample answer illustrates the method of organising the report as well as useful language and sentence structures to get a band score 9. gas generated 29. Petrol. TIPS on PIE CHART: 1.55%) in 2005.80% in the first year and this showed only a very slight increase of about a mere 1 % to 30. Energy produced by coal comprised of 29. Always highlight the largest and smallest proportions 2. in 1995. The pie charts below show the comparison of different kinds of energy production of France in two years. The two pie charts illustrate five types of energy production in France in 1995 and 2005. was the only source of energy which decreased in production from 29.1% 10 years later. the most significant sources of energy were gas and coal.

Yes. You must have an overview not a conclusion. This exercise will focus on how to structure your report and how to highlight the key features of both charts in one overview. The body paragraph with pie chart detail will be shorter than the body paragraph with details about the bar chart Now write your overview. SAMPLE: Overall. the introduction should go in a separate paragraph. Will you have an overview or conclusion? 3. Will your body paragraphs be equal lengths? Answers 1. After you have written your overview. The overview can go after the introduction. You should have 4 paragraphs in total. . Will you put the introduction separately? 2. an overview. You should have an introduction. How many body paragraphs will you have? 4. Two Charts: Structure and Overview Answer the questions below in order to decide your paragraphing for your task 1 report. one body paragraph for the pie chart detail and one body paragraph for the bar chart detail. there were significantly more males arrested than females. 4. check the sample overview.PIE and BAR CHART It is possible to be given two charts together in IELTS writing task 1. 5. 2. 3. Below you will see two pie charts followed by a bar chart. 1. What order will you put your paragraphs in? 5. This means you must write one sentence about the key features of the pie charts and one sentence for the key features of the other chart. The charts below show the males and females arrested over 5 years and the reasons for the most recent arrests. over the five year period finishing in 1994. This paragraph must contain key features from both charts. The majority of arrests were due to public drinking while no answer was given for the least number of arrests for both genders.

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Use the completed bar chart report to model your own writing as it gives the right structure to use and a good range of sentence structures and language. Below are useful sentence structures which are commonly used for bar charts for each paragraph (the introduction. ANSWERS: . You will see a full report for the bar chart below and you must fill in the gaps to complete it by using the correct verb in their appropriate form. overview and body paragraphs) to make up a complete task 1 writing model. The bar chart below shows the number of research students studying different subject in 2005.A HIGH SCORE BAR CHART EXERCISE Fill in the gaps to complete the high score bar chart for IELTS writing task 1.