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PROJECT PROPOSAL FOR

PUSA ZERO ENERGY COOL CHAMBERS

DIRECTOR OF HORTICULTURE,ORISSA

the price of horticultural raw material is 60-100% higher in mandis than in growing areas.INTRODUCTION: Most of the horticultural crops including fruits and vegetables begin to deteriorate shortly after harvest. In India 90% of horticultural produce is sold in fresh form. Pusa Zero energy cool chamber can retain the freshness of the fruits and vegetables for a short period. low cost environment friendly Pusa Zero energy cool chambers have been developed. Due to the presence of middle men. Refrigerated cool storage is considered to be the best method of storing fruits and vegetables. The cool chamber can reduce the temperature by 10 – 150 C of ambient temperature and maintain high relative humidity of above 90% throughout the year that can increase the shelf life and retain the quality of fresh horticultural produce. To avoid the entry of the middle man into the transaction business. easily and cheaply. as it does not require any specialized skill. . In order to overcome the problem of on farm storage. this method is not only highly energy intensive but also involves huge capital investment. The greatest importance of this low cost cooling technology lies in the fact that it does not require any electricity or power to operate and all the materials required to make the cool chamber are available locally. By avoiding middle men the poor farmers can be able to get remunerative price of their produce. Objective To retain the freshness of the fruit & Vegetable for the short period of time. However. Small farmers can easily construct these chambers near their houses or fields to store their harvest for a few days before despatching them to the wholesale market. the farmers can avoid the clutches of the middlemen and will not be forced to make any distress sale. Most of the raw materials used in cool chamber is also re-us sable. In this way. To get remunerative price for Horticultural product . Even an unskilled person can install it at any site. The present trend world over is to develop a simple low cost cooling system for storage of fruits and vegetables.

Directorate of Horticulture. 3.300.00 (Rupees Four thousand) only.000. Erect the double wall to a height of 67. Drench the chamber with water. pipes.5 cm leaving a cavity of 7.600. .000 (1000 nos. Bhubaneswa Status Department of Agricutlure. 6. 5. Covers 24Districts. Orissa.cost The Project will implemented by Horticulturist & A.Govt.000/.00 Rs.40.00 Rs. Item Amount Bricks ( 400 nos. 6. CONSTRUCTION: 1.e.80. Select an upland having a nearby source of water supply.5 cm. of India. tubes poly sheet etc. 7.comes to Rs. Implementation Means of Finance 100% grant to be released by Govt. Fill the 7. Total Budget Outlay : Total 1020 Nos. Khaskhas.100. during2011-12@50% subsidy i. 1.4.1200. No.20.5 cm cavity between the double walls with this wet sand.300.4. etc. for top cover Thatched shed Water tank.00 Rs. Cost of the Project 20.H. 5.00 Rs. IRC.500.4000/-per unit and 1% adm. Deptt. 3. Plastic crates (6 nos.000/. Rs. of Agriculture under RKVY (NADP). 4.000. 4.00 Rs. Make floor with brick 165 cm x 115 cm./-. 2.00 Rs.) Sand Bamboo.) Labour Total : Rs. of Structure @ Rs.40.of Orissa Address for ondence Project Type Location Corresp.2000/-of total project cost Rs.1. Village.Os.Name of the Organization Executive Summery Directorate of Horticulture.which will be given in 50% subsidy to farmers it comes to 20. 2. Soak the fine river bed sand with water.000/. Cost Structure: Sl.00 Rs. Bhubaneswar15 Farmers Awareness Programme on Fruits & Vegetable Preservation.

. gunny bags with a source of water. Water twice daily (morning and evening) in order to achieve desired temperature and relative humidity (or) Fix a drip system with plastic pipes and Micro tubes connected to an overhead water source. clay etc. Cover these crates with a thin polythene sheet (100 or 200 gauge). Advantages: 1. (b) Operational Method: 1. 4. The chamber can keep the temp. Multilocation studies at different agro climatic zones have been found to be very useful. The cool chamber should be reinstalled once in 3 years with new bricks utilizing the old bricks for other purpose. This is an on-farm storage chamber working in the principle of evaporating cooling. Make the sand. Make thatch/shed over the chamber in order to protect it from direct sun or rain. Cool chambers can be constructed easily any where with locally available materials like bricks. 5.7. avoid bamboo baskets. Small farmers can easily construct these chambers nearer to their houses or storage passage to store a few days after harvest before sending to the market. Essential Precautions: 1. 4. 9. 2. 3. 5. bamboo. Select a site having natural air flow. It is most effective during drying season. 7. khaskhas/straw. Make a frame of top cover with bamboo (165 cm x 115 cm) fixed with khas khas/straw/dry grass 8. 2. Use plastic crates for storage. wooden fibre board/boxes. Keep the chamber clean and disinfect the chamber periodically with permitted insecticides/fungicides/chemicals to protect from fungus insects/pests. 5. Prevent water drops coming in contact with stored materials. 8. 6. gunny bags etc. 2. Store the fruits and vegetables in this chamber by keeping in perforated plastic crates. Always keep the bricks and sand saturated wet with water. 4. reptiles etc. bricks and top cover of the chamber wet with water. 6. 3. 3. 7. unbroken bricks with good porosity. 10-150 C cooler than the outside temp and maintain about 90% RH. Construct the chamber in an elevated place to avoid water logging. Use clean. sand. Use clean sand free from organic matters. Construct under a thatch to avoid direct exposure to sun light. Zero energy cool chambers can retain the freshness of the fruits and vegetables for a short period.

Total fixed cost = 4000 x 10 = Rs.400/100 Total fixed cost = (i) + (ii) + (iii) = 1200 + 80 + 400 = Rs.67 Tomato April-May 15 4.00 ECONOMICS FOR PUSA ENERGY COOL CHAMBER Room Temperature Days Weight loss % 6 14.00 2 32.89 Okra May-July 6 5.87 11 25.80 10 20.80/- iii) Interest on investment considering the repayment to be made in 3 years @ 10% per annum.04 Banana Oct-Nov 20 2.08 7 18.+ Rs.42 Amaranth May-June 3 10.3 years Rs.98 Methi Feb-March 10 10.00 Carrot Feb-March 12 9. 400/- Depreciation = 4000 – 400 = 3600/3 = 1200/ii) Annual maintenance @ 2% of the project cost – Rs.80/.00 Kinow Dec-Feb 60 15.90 14 4.10 46 19.4000/- b) Life span of the structure c) Scrap value @ 10% - .80 Parwal May-June 5 3. 2) Cost of structure Rs.30 Potato Mar-May 90 7. 400/- 4) Subsequent maintenance from 2nd year – Rs.00 5 29.00 1) Capacity of storage 100 kg.50 Sapota Nov-Dec 14 9.36 1 14.000/- 3) Depreciation cost per annum Rs.62 1 49.4.46 Lime Jan-Feb 25 6.00 14 16.80/- 5) Life span of the structure A) Depreciation : i) a) - Total cost of structure 3 years Rs.80 3 18.1680/- .Storage life of fruits and vegetables: Crop Month Cool Chamber Days Weight loss % Mango June-July 9 5.

1000/per Qtl Cost: benefit = Rs.1250/per Qtl. = 0.800/@ Rs.7 per Qtl.980/Rs.+ Rs.: Rs. of Bhendi Storage N (Jan-Mar) No.25/Rs.800/per Qtl..400/7 @ Rs.400/per Qtl.+ Rs. = 0. 1 i) ii) Brinjal Sale of commodity Vegetables 2 Pre-Project value (The sale price at the time of harvest Anticipated return after project sale price (10% loss) on an average of 4-6 days (JulySept. = 0.= Rs.980/.875/Total benefit per year = Rs.600/per Qtl.00 (C ) Benefits Sl./AHO District Balasore Bhadrak Keonjhar Hort.25/. of storage (N) 6 7 7 @ Rs.3255/- Sl. 8 7 7 @ 1000/..+ Rs.of Tomato Storage (N) (OctDec) 4 5 7 @ Rs.9 x 1250 = 1125 Benefit = (ii – i) x N = Rs.100/.700/Rs.9 x 600 = 540 No.. No.83 District wise projection Physical Target of (Pusa) Zero Energy Cool Chamber under RKVY for the year 2011-12 Horticulturist wise break up of pusa Zero Energy Cool Chamber 2011-12 Name of the Name of the Target(2011-12) Hort. of storage (N) . = Rs. Rs. No. Rs.700/Rs.9x1000 = Rs. No.800/per Qtl. Rs.700/.900/- No.900/- Parwal (Apr – June) 9 @ Rs.50/.700/.A + B = 1680 + 100 = Rs.1000/per Qtl.Operating cost (B) i) ii) iii) Transportation of commodity Unloading.1780..9x1000 = Rs. = 0.= 1:1.Balasore Bhadrak Keonjhar Anandapur Champua AHO Kuanr farm Kalahandi Bhwanipatna Dharamgarh Nuapada Koraput Khariar Koraput Jeypur 20 35 15 10 10 5 12 11 12 10 - 10 7 @ 7 Rs.3255/. = Rs. bagging Watch & Ward Total operating cost .1780/.875/.) 3 @ Rs.

Udayagiri Kotagarh Boudh Mayurbhanj Boudh Baripada Karanjia Udala Rairangpur kalikaprasad Puri Puri Nimapara Sakhigopal Konark Brahmagiri Khurda Khurda Bhubaneswar Banapur Nayagarh Nayagarh Khandapara Sambalpur Sambalpur Kuchinda Rairakhol Deogarh Baragarh Deogarh Bargarh padampur Jharsulguda Sundargarh Jharsuguda Sudargarh Panposh Lahunipara Jagasinghpur Jagatsinghpur Tirtol Kendrapada Jajpur Total Kendrapara Jajpur 10 5 20 10 10 25 45 40 15 50 140 15 40 20 5 5 20 20 20 10 5 5 5 20 10 10 50 50 20 20 30 20 10 10 10 10 50 1000 .Malkanagiri Malkanagiri Chitrakonda Nowrangpur Rayagada Nawarangpur Rayagada Gunpur Phulbani Phulbani Baliguda G.

Name of the District Balasore Bhadrak Keonjhar Kalahandi Nuapada Koraput Malkanagiri Nowrangpur Rayagada Phulbani Boudh Mayurbhanj Puri Khurda Nayagarh Sambalpur Deogarh Baragarh Jharsulguda Sundargarh Jagasinghpur Name of the Hort./AHO Hort.Udayagiri Kotagarh Boudh Baripada Karanjia Udala Rairangpur kalikaprasad Puri Nimapara Sakhigopal Konark Brahmagiri Bhubaneswar Banapur Khandapara Sambalpur Kuchinda Rairakhol Deogarh Bargarh padampur Jharsuguda Sudargarh Panposh Lahunipara Jagatsinghpur Tirtol Target (2011-12) 10 17 8 5 5 2 6 6 6 5 5 3 10 5 5 13 22 20 8 25 70 7 20 10 3 2 10 10 10 5 3 2 3 10 5 5 25 24 10 10 15 10 5 5 5 Target (201213) Total 10 18 7 5 5 3 6 5 6 5 5 2 10 5 5 12 23 20 7 25 70 8 20 10 2 3 10 10 10 5 2 3 2 10 5 5 25 26 10 10 15 10 5 5 5 20 35 15 10 10 5 12 11 12 10 10 5 20 10 10 25 45 40 15 50 140 15 40 20 5 5 20 20 20 10 5 5 5 20 10 10 50 50 20 20 30 20 10 10 10 . No.Balasore Bhadrak Keonjhar Anandapur Champua AHO K/F Bhwanipatna Dharamgarh Khariar Koraput Malkanagiri Chitrakonda Nawarangpur Rayagada Gunpur Phulbani Baliguda G.Horticulturist wise break up of pusa Zero Energy Cool Chamber under RKVY 2011-12 & 2012-13 Sl.

Kendrapada Jajpur Total Kendrapara Jajpur 5 25 500 5 25 500 10 50 1000 .