Consulting Services for

Landslide Disaster Protection Project of the National Road Network (LDPP)

Calculation of peak flow at A005-167-Lunugala Landslide
The main hydrologic data required for the hydrological and hydraulic assessments, in addition to
the topographic information are;
a. Rainfall Intensity Duration Frequency Curves (IDF Curves) for different locations
b. Time of concentration
c. Catchment area
a. Rainfall Intensity Duration Frequency Curves
Rainfall and Intensity Duration Frequency [IDF] Curves were obtained from the research paper
Entitled “Towards More Efficient Hydraulic and Hydrological Design of Cross Drainage
Structures Using New Developed Intensity Duration Frequency Equations” by D G L
Ranathunge. This paper has presented IDF curves for many localities throughout the country
where pluviograph rainfall data are present (mainly the principal met stations manned by the
Department Meteorology and selected other stations manned by the Department of
irrigation).These IDF curves equations serve as secondary data derived from primary rainfall
data obtained from the Department of Meteorology and Department of Irrigation etc.
IDF equation for Badulla was taken from the research paper on Towards More Efficient
Hydraulic and Hydrological Design of Cross Drainage Structures Using New Developed
Intensity Duration Frequency Equations” by D G L Ranathunge
Table.01.Intensity Duration frequency equation for rainfall station at Badulla

b. Catchment Identification and Delineation
The identification of catchment areas was done based on 1:10,000 topographic maps prepared
by the Department of Survey Sri Lanka.
The subdivision of catchments was based on the physical features such as existing drainage
paths, land use and topography of the area and the drainage pattern.
c. Time of concentration
For Time of concentration (T), following equation proposed by Ponraja(1984) in his book titled
“design of small irrigation head works for small catchments” is used. This is a very well
established local standard.

T=L/ (60V) +t0
Where,
L= the length of the flow (m), and
V=Velocity of the flow (m3/s) varying on sliding scale dependent on the slope.

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4 0. C=Runoff coefficient I=Rainfall intensity A=Catchment area Assumptions inherent in the rational formula are as follows: • Peak flow occurs when the entire watershed is contributing to the flow.depending on the terrain) Velocity of flow was estimated using the following table adapted by Ponrajah (1984) in “Design of Small Irrigation Head works for Small Catchments” Table 2. Ponrajah.0 . Q p = C I A /360 Where.0 0. 1984) Average Gradient (%) Average Velocity (m/s) 0 – 1.20 > 6. • Rainfall intensity is the same over the entire drainage area. 1984) Catchment Slope (%) 0 < 2.0 ≥ 4.0 0.0 . Velocity of Flow vs Slope (Table 4. Runoff Coefficient vs Slope (Table 4.Consulting Services for Landslide Disaster Protection Project of the National Road Network (LDPP) Velocity of flow is estimated using the following table adapted by Ponrajah (1984) in “Design of Small Irrigation Head works for Small Catchments “. tc. Rainfall intensity (I)corresponding to a storm duration equal to time of concentration (mm/hr) Calculation of I based on Rainfall intensity frequency equation from the table 01 according to the relevant return period.50 Suitable Recurrence Interval (Return Period) should be established based on the hydraulic structures Once all the parameters have been realistically established. 1984) Table 2. 2 . t0=Overland flow time (up to about 15 min.6. • Frequency of the computed peak flow is the same as that of the rainfall intensity d.3 0. • Rainfall intensity is uniform over time duration equal to the time of concentration.6. from (Table 4.4.0 1. Ponrajah. f. Ponrajah.4.0 1.4.60 2.0 0.C (dimensionless).2.90 4. Total catchment area(A) (ha) Area was calculated using AutoCAD tools.0 Runoff coefficient 0. Runoff coefficient .0 < 4.0 2.2. the peak flow Qp (m3/sec) could be estimated by the Standard Rational Formula.2.5 e.0 – 2.45 1.

02 The overland flow time is taken as 10 minute considering the gradient of the site.5 159 180 195 This peak flow is taken as the design discharge.79651) I10=159 mm/hr 25 years return period.5 Calculation of Rainfall intensity for return period of 10.39 =39%>4. I50=1978(T -0.78307) mm/hr I50=1978(19.2 -0. So.78678) I25=180 mm/hr 50 years return period.2 -0. L=830 m V=1.5)+10 T=19.50 11.5 m/s as per table no . I10=1683(T -0.25 Q p.2 minute Selection of Runoff coefficient Catchment slope = (1248-740)/1305 =0.7 Q p. C=0.54 2 3 .19 =19% So average gradient >6. 0.0 Hence. Hence Average velocity =1. 25 and 50 yrs 10 years return period.42 14.= C I A /360(m3/s) Q p.78678) mm/hr I25=1839(19.7ha Calculation of peak flow Q p = C I A /360 C I(mm/hr) 10 yrs 25 yrs 50 yrs Catchment 1.86 13.10 Q p.0.2 -0.78307) I50=195 mm/h Calculation of catchment area Total Catchment Area =53. I25=1839(T -0.Consulting Services for Landslide Disaster Protection Project of the National Road Network (LDPP) Calculation for A005-135 Calculation of time of concentration Longest length of the flow =830m Average gradient =(900-740)/830 =0. A(ha ) 53. Runoff coefficient. T=L/(60V)+ to T=830/(60x1.79651) mm/hr I10=1683(19.5 m/s to =10 minute Hence time of concentration.