Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes - Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG

)
Written by Bryan Haywood
Monday, 18 June 2012 19:58

Applications and Attributes

(Informative: the safeguarding and complementary equipment contained in the chart below, as
well as their applications and attributes, are NOT intended as an all-inclusive list, but merely as
additional information or guidance on some potential uses and capabilities of the listed
safeguarding and complementary equipment)

 

Safeguarding

Application(s)

(for safeguarding hazard areas where: )

Attribute(s)

Fixed barrier guard

• access, by individuals, to the hazard area is not required during normal operation of the machine;

• the barrier guard slot or opening, required for entry and removal of the material, workpiece or scrap, is

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Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes - Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG)
Written by Bryan Haywood
Monday, 18 June 2012 19:58

protects individuals in the vicinity of the hazard area being safeguarded;

• is not dependent on any interaction with the individual(s) being safeguarded.

Interlocked barrier guard

regular access to the hazard area is required for tool chan

• access to the hazard is

not

required dur

protects individuals in the vicinity of the hazard area being safeguarded;

• is not dependent on any interaction with the individual(s) being safeguarded.

Adjustable barrier guard

access, by individuals, to the hazard area is not required d

• the guard slot or opening, required for entry and removal of the material, workpiece or scrap is of a size

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Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes - Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG)
Written by Bryan Haywood
Monday, 18 June 2012 19:58

protects individuals in the vicinity of the hazard area being safeguarded;

• is not dependent on any interaction with the individual(s) being safeguarded;

• requires adjustment to suit each job set-up;

• is dependent on the training and supervision of set-up personnel for effective safeguarding.

Movable barrier guard

access to the hazard area is necessary during normal operation of the machine.

protects individuals in the vicinity of the hazard area being safeguarded;

• is dependent on the training and supervision of set-up personnel for effective safeguarding.

Use of a movable barrier device can significantly decrease machine productivity by increasing the time r

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Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes - Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG)
Written by Bryan Haywood
Monday, 18 June 2012 19:58

Pullback (pull out) and restraint devices

access to the hazard area is necessary during normal operation of the machine.

protects only the individual(s) using the device;

• provides no obstruction between the operator and the operation being performed;

• is dependent on the training and diligence of set-up and supervisory personnel.

Presence-sensing device; electro-optical, R.F. and area scanning, safety mat and edge devices

the manufacturing process requires access to the hazard area, by individuals, during normal operation o

protects individuals in the vicinity of the hazard area being safeguarded;

• provides no obstruction between the operator and the operation being performed;

• is not dependent on any interaction with the individual(s) being safeguarded.

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by individuals. Two-hand control device • the machine is provided with a part-revolution clutch. during normal operation o • Protects only the individual(s) using the device.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . during normal opera • protects only the individual operating the device. 18 June 2012 19:58 Drop probe device the manufacturing process requires access to the hazard area.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. by an individual(s). • is dependent on the training and supervision of set-up personnel for effective safeguarding. hydra • the manufacturing process requires access to the hazard area. • provides no obstruction between the operator and the operation being performed. Two-hand trip device 5 / 43 .

Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. • provides no obstruction between the operator and the operation being performed. Single control device • the machine is provided with a part-revolution clutch. during normal opera • protects only the individual operating the device. • the manufacturing process requires access to the hazard area. hydra • the machine makes one complete machine cycle after the trip controls are momentarily actuated. 6 / 43 . during normal opera • protects only the individual operating the device.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . by an individual(s). 18 June 2012 19:58 • the machine makes one complete machine cycle after the • the manufacturing process requires access to the hazard area. • provides no obstruction between the operator and the operation being performed. by an individual(s).

Safe distance safeguarding workpiece positioning and operator location eliminates the need for the operator to be in or near the haz • protects only the operator who is required to maintain a position at a safe • is not dependent on any interaction with the individual being safeguarded. Safe holding safeguarding the operator is required to hold the workpiece with both hands outside of the hazard area during the haz • protects only the operator who is required to hold the workpiece with both 7 / 43 .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . 18 June 2012 19:58 Awareness devices and signals awareness devices or signals alert individuals of a pending or approaching hazard. An awareness device or signal alerts individuals by means of audible sound or visible light.

18 June 2012 19:58 Safe opening safeguarding an opening in a barrier guard with the workpiece in place prevents an individual(s) from reaching into the • protects individuals in the vicinity of the hazard area being safeguarded w • is not dependent on any interaction with the individual(s) being safeguarded.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. Safe positioning safeguarding (hostage control) operators or helpers assigned to the production process are not required to have access to the hazard a • protects only the individual(s) operating the control device provided.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . Safe work procedures procedures developed by the user to ensure proper use and operation of the safeguarding or the machin The user determines whether a safe work procedure is required to ensure that a safe work practice is ac 8 / 43 . • provides no obstruction between the operator and the operation being performed.

but are not lim • where tasks are complex. • where other safeguarding is removed or bypassed. • where tasks have high risk. • where training.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. 18 June 2012 19:58 Factors to consider in determining whether a safe work procedure is required may include. • where required to augment other safeguarding. skill or work experience is limited. Covers For safeguarding lubrication or inspection openings in guards or machine components. Shields 9 / 43 . • is not dependent on any interaction with the individual(s) being safeguarded. where such open • protects individuals in the vicinity of the hazard area being safeguarded.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .

• is not dependent on any interaction with the individual(s) being safeguarded.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .   Hazardous Energy Types that need guarding Rotating motion can be dan In-running nip point hazards are Intermeshing Gears 10 / 43 . • protects individuals in the vicinity of the hazard area being safeguarded.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. or • a potential exists for the ejection of broken tooling or workpiece fragments. 18 June 2012 19:58 • necessary to contain chips or coolant.

Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . 18 June 2012 19:58 Rolling Mill In-running Nip Points on a Calender Common Nip Points on Rotating Parts 11 / 43 .

Some examples would be: the point of contact between a power transmission belt and its pulley. Point of Contact Between a Power Transmission Belt and Its Pulley  Point of Contact Between a Chain and a Sprocket Point of Contact Between a Rack and Pinion&nbsp.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . a chain and a sprocket.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. 18 June 2012 19:58 Nip points are also created between rotating and tangentially moving parts. and a rack and pinion. 12 / 43 .

or theor Spoked Flywheel  Nip Point Between Rotating Screw Conveyor and Fixed Trough  Rotating Abrasive Wheel on a Grinder  Points Between Rotating Machine  Nip Reciprocating may abe hazardous motions because. 18 June 2012 19:58   action. work create rest screw a and shearing.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . conveyors. tongue. a worker may be s er Caught Between Reciprocating Table Piece aComponents Stationary Part  13 / 43 . during the back-and-forth or up-and-down motion.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. Nippoints Points Between Rotating Elements and Longitudinal Motions periphery Nip abrading of can anoccur abrasive Examples between wheel are:rotating and spoked an and incorrectly handwheels fixedParts parts adjusted orwith which flywheels. crushing.

Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. continuous line) creates a hazard because a worker may be struck or caug nt of Contact Between a Power Transmission Belt and Its Pulley    Transverse Motion of Belt 14 / 43 . 18 June 2012 19:58   Hazardous Reciprocating Motion Transverse   (movement motion in straight.

Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. 18 June 2012 19:58   Cutting action may involve Hazardous Drilling Action    15 / 43 .

Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. 18 June 2012 19:58 Punching action results whe Typical Punching Operation    16 / 43 .

Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. 18 June 2012 19:58 Shearing involves actionapplying power to a slide or knife in order to trim or shear metal or other materials. A ha   Typical Shearing Operation      17 / 43 .

Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. 18 June 2012 19:58 Bending results action when power is applied to a slide in order to draw or stamp metal or other materials. A ha   Typical Bending Operation      18 / 43 .Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .

  All machines consist of three fundamental areas: 19 / 43 . or process which may cause injury must be safeguarded. 18 June 2012 19:58   The A. function.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .B.C’s of Machine Guarding   A GOOD Rule to remember: Any machine part.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.

their safeguarding needs widely differ due to varying physical characteristics and operator interface.   Despite all machines having the same basic components.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . 20 / 43 . 18 June 2012 19:58 1) the point of operation. 2) the power transmission device. and 3) the operating controls.

Guards and safety devices should be made of durable material that will withstand the conditions of normal use.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. because a safeguard that can easily be made ineffective is no safeguard at all. Any safeguard which impedes a worker from performing the job quickly and comfortably 21 / 43 .Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . 4. A small tool which is dropped into a cycling machine could easily become a projectile that could strike and injure someone. The edges of guards. a jagged edge. A safeguard defeats its own purpose if it creates a hazard of its own such as a shear point. 2. They must firmly be secured to the machine. The safeguard should ensure that no objects can fall into moving parts. arms. Workers should not be able to easily remove or tamper with the safeguard. and any other part of a worker's body from making contact with dangerous moving parts. 5. The safeguard must prevent hands. 3. 18 June 2012 19:58   Safeguards must meet these minimum general requirements: 1. or an unfinished surface which can cause a laceration. should be rolled or bolted in such a way that they eliminate sharp edges. for instance. A good safeguarding system eliminates the possibility of of the operator or another worker placing parts of their bodies near hazardous moving parts.

. The guard should be designed and constructed to provide visibility of the hazard area appropriate to the particular operation. fasteners. with a line leading to the lubrication point. Barrier guards MUST be free of sharp edges. 7. slag welds.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. 10. or through the barrier guard. or through the barrier guard. will reduce the need for the operator or maintenance worker to enter the hazardous area. 22 / 43 . frame or machine. 11. around. 8. burrs. under. Interlocked barrier guards shall be designed and constructed to meet the following additional requirements: Attachment of the barrier guard to the machine or the hazard area shall ensure that individuals cannot reach the hazard by reaching over. around. 9. Locating oil reservoirs outside the guard.Interlock devices used in conjunction with barrier guards are to be specifically designed and constructed for use in safeguarding applications. under.Handles placed on interlocked barrier guards shall be secured to the guard so as not to create a pinch point between the handles and the guard. one should be able to lubricate the machine without removing the safeguards. 6. If possible. 18 June 2012 19:58 might soon be overridden or disregarded. . Proper safeguarding can actually enhance efficiency as it can relieve the worker's apprehensions about injury. or other hazards that may injure individuals when handling. The design and construction of the barrier guard MUST ensure that individuals cannot reach the hazard by reaching over. removing or using the guards or equipment.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . Material used in the construction of barrier guards should be of such design and strength as to protect individuals from identified hazards.

. or shall be located so that an individual cannot reach the hazard before cessation of the hazardous motion when the interlocked section is open. 18 June 2012 19:58 . Machine Guarding Assessment Checklist Mechanical Hazards 23 / 43 .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.The interlocked section of the interlocked barrier guard(s) shall be prevented from opening until hazardous motion has ceased.The user shall ensure that barrier guards that are frequently removed or that have movable or hinged sections are interlocked.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .

Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . 18 June 2012 19:58 YES NO/NA □ □ Is there a point-of-operation safeguard provided for the machine? 24 / 43 .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.

Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . fingers. body out of the danger area? □ □ 25 / 43 . 18 June 2012 19:58 □ □ Does it keep the operator's hands.

18 June 2012 19:58 Is there evidence that the safeguards have been tampered with or removed? □ □ Could changes be made on the machine to eliminate the point-of-operation hazard entirely? Comments/Notes 26 / 43 .Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.

18 June 2012 19:58 Power Transmission Apparatus YES NO/NA 27 / 43 .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .

or flywheels on the apparatus? □ □ 28 / 43 .Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . sprockets. pulleys. 18 June 2012 19:58 □ □ Are there any unguarded gears.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.

key ways. 18 June 2012 19:58 Are there any exposed belts or chain drives? □ □ Are there any exposed set screws. collars.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . etc.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.? □ □ 29 / 43 .

18 June 2012 19:58 Are starting and stopping controls within easy reach of the operator? □ □ If there is more than one operator. are separate controls provided? Comments/Notes 30 / 43 .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .

Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . 18 June 2012 19:58 Other Moving Parts YES NO/NA 31 / 43 .

Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. 18 June 2012 19:58 □ □ Are safeguards provided for all hazardous moving parts of the machine. including auxiliary parts? □ 32 / 43 .Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .

18 June 2012 19:58 □ Have appropriate measured been taken to safeguard workers against noise hazards? □ □ Have special guards. where necessary to p Electrical Hazards 33 / 43 . enclosures.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. or personal protective equipment been provided.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .

Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. 18 June 2012 19:58 YES NO/NA □ □ 34 / 43 .Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .

18 June 2012 19:58 Are there loose conduit fittings? □ □ Is the machine properly grounded? □ □ 35 / 43 .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .

Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . 18 June 2012 19:58 Is the power supply correctly fused and protected?     Guard Checklist 36 / 43 .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.

18 June 2012 19:58 YES NO If the machine has a guard(s) does it meet these requirements? □ □ 37 / 43 .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .

arms. 18 June 2012 19:58 Do the safeguards prevent workers' hands.Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . and other body parts from making contact with danger □ □ Are the safeguards firmly secured and not easily removable? □ □ 38 / 43 .Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday.

Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . comfortable.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. and relatively easy operation of the machine? □ 39 / 43 . 18 June 2012 19:58 Do the safeguards ensure that no objects will fall into the moving parts? □ □ Do the safeguards permit safe.

18 June 2012 19:58 □ Can the machine be oiled/greased without removing the safeguard? □ □ If the machine is designed for a fixed location.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. is it securely anchored to prevent walking or moving? □ 40 / 43 .Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .

Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes . is the area guarded by an enclosure inte 41 / 43 . not are ha □ □ Areas where there are revolving barrels. containers. and drums.Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. 18 June 2012 19:58 □ When the periphery of the blades of a fan is less than seven (7) feet above NOTE: the floor Theorguard working must level.

Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. 18 June 2012 19:58 □ □ Is there a system for shutting down the machinery and locking/tagging out before safeguards are remove □ □ Can the existing safeguards be improved? 42 / 43 .Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .

Safety Engineering Network (SAFTENG) Written by Bryan Haywood Monday. 18 June 2012 19:58 43 / 43 .Machine Guarding Applications and Attributes .