a. What property of light does this interference experiment demonstrate?

Diffraction, Wave Property of Light, or Constructive & Destructive interference b. At point P in the diagram, there is a minimum in the interference pattern. Determine the path difference between the light arriving at this point from the two slits. m = 1 (first bright fringe is at m = 0) so the dark fringe must happen at m + ½, the path difference is d sin θ . So we can use the equation given for the thing.

d sin θ = mλ
c.

1  d sin θ =  m +  λ 2   3  λL x=  2 d

 1 = 1 +  λ  2

=

3 λ 2

Determine the wavelength, λ , of the light.

xm ≈

mλ L  1  λL = m +  d 2 d 
−3 −3

λ=

dx 2   mL  3  480 nm

( 2 x 10 m ) ( 1.8 x 10 λ=
1( 5.0 m )
d.

m 2 −6 −7   = 0.48 x 10 m = 4.8 x 10 m = 3

)

Briefly and qualitatively describe how the interference pattern would change under each of the following separate modifications and explain your reasoning. i. The experiment is performed in water, which has an index of refraction greater than 1.

xm ≈

mλ L For m = 0 Wavelength is less under water. So xm is less, therefore the d

interference pattern will be compressed toward the center. ii. One of the slits is covered. New pattern is a single slit pattern. The pattern will spread with a larger central maximum. iii. The slits are moved farther apart.

xm =

mλ L d

as d increases x decreases. Interference pattern will be compressed toward

the center.

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