Objective

1. To determine the density of water.
2. To determine the relationship between mass and volume of water.

Experimental Procedure
1. Set up the apparatus as shown below.

Contain
er

Tap
1

Tap
2

Weighing
Scale

2. Turn on tap1 to fill in 8 liters water into the container. Record the initial volume and mass
of the water.
3. Adjust tap 2 to reduce the volume of water to 7 liters.
4. Record the respective volume.
5. Repeat the step 3-4 with 6 liters, 5 liters and 4 liters.
6. Tabulate the data in Table 1.1.
7. From the data, plot a graph mass against volume.

003 0.63 3. Volume (m3).2 – Mass (kg) Mass/kg 3.4 kg/m3 0.004 0.64 4.64 7.006 0.005 0.62 Volume (l) vs. From the graph.64 Mass/kg 5.4 kg/m3 Density of Water = Gradient of the linear line of the graph = 990.01 0.63 Volume/m³ 0.01 . Mass (kg) vs. Volume (m3) Table Graph of Results Plot the graph of Mass (kg) vs.01 0.01 Volume/m³ Gradient of the linear line of the graph = 990.01 0. Mass vs Volume 9 8 f(x) = 990.Table of Results Volume/l 3 4 5 6 7 Table 1.4x + 0.64 7.67 6.69 7 6 5 Mass/kg 4 3 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.62 5.01 0.1 – 1.007 6. deduce the density of the water used.67 4.

we should always:  Obtain the readings without parallax error. There are many reasons that caused our result to be less than that.Density found was below our expectation since water have the density of 1000kg/m3. One of them is it is very difficult to gauge the accurate volume of water into a very large cross sectional area of the water tank.  Allow the water ripples to settle down first before taking the readings.Comparison to Expected Results The gradient of the linear line of the graph represents the density of water.  Add water dye to obtain clearer vision of the water level. Hence.  Ensure the unfilled areas of the apparatus are always dry and clean. So. in this experiment. To minimize the error.4 kg/m3. we suspect that the volume of water we allowed into the tank might be less than the expected volume of water. the density of water is 990. .  Use a small cross sectional area apparatus.

In order to get more accurate readings of mass of water. make sure that the water level is totally come to a stop from vibration in order to obtain accurate water level reading. pumping of water into tank will causes vibration of water level. Ng Wen Pei (146599N) From my observation.Reasons for Difference : Experimental Errors Kok Chye Xian (146187P) From my observation. We can determine the degree of precision of any scientific device we are using by finding the smallest division on the instrument. When the temperature changes from either greater or less than 4 degrees. Hence. the error can occur when the observer’s eyes are not perpendicular to the scale of the container. we need to avoid such error. A higher degree of precision will give a better result. The maximum density of 1000 kg/m3 occurs at 4 degrees Celsius. Water never has an absolute density because its density varies with temperature. . a high accuracy of measuring instrument is needed. Ong Jia Yin(146179W) From my observation. the experimental result is less than the expected result. Ong Sin Yee (146158Q) From my observation. parallax error is the error that is most committed when readings are taken in physics. the temperature is one of the reasons that affects the result. It might deviates from the reading of the water level due to the vibration. Since the smallest division of the container is 1 litre. the density will become less than 1000 kg/m3 . In this experiment. The container that is used in this experiment has a low accuracy.

The density is then calculated for each different volume used. Thus the same density reading is found for the different samples. ρ= mass volume In the experiment different volumes of water are measured and weighed to determine its weight. It is found that the density of the water remains constant. Density is defined as the mass packed into unit volume. This is because the density is directly proportional to the mass over volume. density .Conclusion In the density investigation. the main concept at test is density. .