Handbook for Manufacturing

6

Welding

6.1
General
All welding for ODIM deliveries shall be in accordance with EN 729-2. Any deviation from this standard shall require prior
agreement with the purchaser.
Requirements in Section 5 Structural assembly must be fulfilled before welding starts.
Complex or difficult welding shall be planned in detail, and described in a welding plan.
All welding shall be performed by qualified welders in accordance to EN 287, EN1418 or equivalent standard. Holding valid
certification and in accordance with approved welding procedures. See section 6.3.
6.1.1
Welding of Extra High Strength (EHS) steel (EHS Re 500 Mpa)
Welding of Extra High Strengths steel , shall always be planned in detail. The ODIM representative shall have access to the
welding plan during inspection.
The welding plan shall contain;
!
!
!
!

Tack welding details
Welding sequence
Heat treatment
Welding procedure reference

6.2
Welding methods
In general the following welding methods are allowed on ODIM products:
! 135 – MAG
(Metal Active Gas Welding)
! 131 – MIG
(Metal Inert Gas Welding)
! 111 – SMAW (Shield Metal Arc welding)
! 12 – SAW
(Shield Arc Welding)
! 141 – TIG
(Tungsten Inert Gas Welding)
! 136 – FCAW
(Flux Cored Arc Welding, with gas)
! 114 – FCAW
(Flux Cored Arc Welding, without gas)
! 115 – PAW
(Plasma Arc Welding)
Other welding processes must be approved by ODIM prior to welding.
6.2.1
Welding methods on Extra High Strengths steel (EHS Re 500 Mpa)
ONLY the following welding methods are allowed on Odim Hitec products made of EHS:
! 111 – SMAW (Shield Metal Arc welding)
! 12 – SAW
(Shield Arc Welding)
! 141 – TIG
(Tungsten Inert Gas Welding)
! 136 – FCAW
(Flux Cored Arc Welding, with shield gas)
6.3 WPS – Welding Procedure Specification
On request all WPS’ and WPARs (WPQ) shall be issued to ODIM for approval, and if required to the relevant classification
society (normally DnV).
The WPS must be qualified by a Welding Procedure Approval Record (WPAR) in accordance with EN288-3.
Waving width on the welding string is limited. Maximum string width, is 20mm measured after welding.
Except on welding method 12 (SAW), and where mechanised welding is used. Here the string width shall be equal to that
specified in the WPAR.

6.4 Pre heating
Pre heating of welding areas shall be in accordance to EN 1011, parts 1 to 4 (BS 5135), or other recognized standard.
Preheating for repair welding shall be increased by 50"C, for low alloy steel. The preheating temperature must be achieved at a
radius of twice the plate thickness and the temperature must be maintained until welding is finished.
For austenitic stainless steel, and other non hardening materials, preheating shall not be used unless recommended by the
manufacturer of the material.

Section 6 – Welding – Rev 1 A

Page 1

6 All “single sided” weld’s.1. the groove is to be as in fig.5.1. B 6. 6. (Old weld specification) 4 12 (New weld specification) 4 B12 B Re700 Fig.5. A. the weld shall “overmatch” the parent materials.1. Weld classification at ODIM A B C D Section 6 – Welding – Rev 1 A In accordance with "NORSOK" standard 3 2 1 - In accordance with "DnV.4 Weld symbol in accordance with NS-ISO 2553.5.3 Weld number.1.2 Weld classification.2 Specification of weld classification on end of reference line 6.1.5. Rules & Regulation" Special (Critical) structure Primary structure Secondary structure Non structural Page 2 .4 NOTE! Weld symbol (Partial penetration) If no numeric character is in front. 6.5. Fig. for reference identification 6.5.1 Requirement of yield strength for filler materials on extra high strength steel (Re>500MPa) If not specified.Handbook for Manufacturing 6. shall be seal welded from the root side if possible to access. B.1.5 Weld symbol X (Partial penetration) If numeric character is in front.5. 6. A. X 6.5 Weld specification on drawings 6.5.1. the groove is to be as in fig.

2 "Under filling" of welds (Root and Face) Extra high strength steel (Re 500MPa) (EHS) Weld class A and B permitted "under fill" max.1 Pores in the welding surface are not accepted. General requirements are stated in this Handbook section 10.3.5.5 mm C = Under filling 6. and D permitted “under fill” max.1 NDT requirements NDT requirements shall be in accordance with this Handbook and any additional requirements.0mm Weld class C and D permitted "under fill" max. 6. All detected errors in weld will then require repair. 0. Inspection shall be carried out after welding to inspect the results and order repair where necessary. 5. 0.3 The strengthening bow ("overfilling") of the weld The strengthening bow of the weld must not exceed the values of the following table: Section 6 – Welding – Rev 1 A Page 3 .4. 6. Inspection shall be carried out during welding to confirm execution is in accordance with WPS.1. 6. If class approval from classification society is to be executed.5).7.4) it can be required for documentation of penetration depth.7 Acceptance criteria 6.2 mm On Normal strength steel ( Re! 500MPa) Weld class A and B permitted "under fill" max. 5.5.3 Extent of NDT NDT shall be carried out in areas where the possibility of error is largest Weld classification VI (Visual Inspection) MPI/DPI * A 100 % 100 % B 100 % 20 % C 100 % 2-5% D 100 % 2-5% * MPI / DPI = MP / DP = Magnetic Particle / Dye Penetrant Inspection **RT / UT = Radiographic / Ultrasonic Testing RT/UT ** 100 % 20 % 2-5% NA Although fillet and partial penetration welds generally have no requirement for RT / UT (Ref. 6. in order to confirm that all requirements are fulfilled.4.2.2 mm Weld class C.7. 0.Handbook for Manufacturing 6. the actual rules and regulations from the classification society must be fulfilled. 0. (ref.7.1.6 Visual inspection Inspection shall be carried out prior to welding.

7.0 mm X=Roughness 6.0 mm.and above Section 6 – Welding – Rev 1 A Max.Handbook for Manufacturing Plate thickness T (mm) 4 – 10 10 – 25 25 – 50 50 .1x ae 0. Face Reinforcement C (mm) High Strength Steel (EHS) 1 2 3 4 Max.3mm Page 4 . Height C (mm) 2 3 4 5 6. On normal strength steel (Re! 500MPa) The roughness of the surface of the weld must not exceed 2. Face Reinforcement C (mm) Normal Strength Steel 2 3 4 5 Maximum reduction of fillet welds Throat thickness ae Allowed only on minor weld length Weld class Weld class A and B C and D 0.4 Roughness of the surface Extra high strength steel (Re 500MPa) (EHS) The roughness of the surface of the weld must not exceed 1.1x ae + 0.and above Max.8 Fillet welds Throat thickness of the weld ae (mm) 4–8 8 – 15 15 – 25 25 .

Cosmetic grinding may be performed at the discretion of the fabricator.10. Weld imperfection: Discontinuities that are within the acceptance criteria defined in this Handbook and are considered to have no practical limitation on the intended use of the product.7. Removal of defects shall be verified by local visual inspection. Weld imperfections may be left without remedial work. If applicable.2 Correction of welds containing defects All repair shall be carried out in accordance with established procedures.10 Accepted deviation b-h in mm EHS-Steel 1. until the reason for the cracking has been determined.9 The symmetry of the weld The asymmetry of the weld must not exceed Throat thickness Of the weld ae (mm) 2-6 6-13 13 and above 6.10.Handbook for Manufacturing NOTE! No reduction of welds throat thickness ae is allowed on EHS 6. the remaining thickness in the ground area shall be measured.2. Other defects shall be corrected by grinding and repair welding or by re-welding. Crater cracks may be repaired by grinding followed by NDT methods and subsequent repair welding according to an accepted repair welding procedure.1 Definition Weld discontinuities: Irregularities in the body of the weld or on the weld surface classified as either weld imperfection or as weld defect.7 3 5 Accepted Deviation b–h in mm Normal steel 3 5 8 Repair 6. Section 6. Weld defect: Discontinuity with a size and / or density that exceeds the acceptance criteria defined in this Handbook or other referenced specification. aided by an applicable NDT method. 6. Welds containing cracks shall not be repaired. Ref. Repair welding is required if the remaining thickness is less than specified. Section 6 – Welding – Rev 1 A Page 5 .

Weld identification no. and documented.4 Repair welding procedure Repair and repair of the repaired welding may be performed using the same procedure as for the original weld. 6. Sec. even if the defect is smaller. Visual inspection report NDT report The level of documentation is stated in section 15. Evidence of rate of temperature increase. Drawing no.5 Correction of distortion Improperly fitted parts should be cut apart and re-welded in accordance with the applicable WPS. See also section 15. Repair must not be carried out more than twice in the same area. The following shall be included in the documentation: Project /Element no.1 Re-welding Re-welding shall be performed in accordance with the procedures utilised for the original weld.11 6. or a separate qualified procedure (ref. 6. The excavated area shall have a smooth transition to the metal surface.6. 6.3). Parts distorted by welding. beyond the tolerances. and allow good access for NDT. Preheating see section.10.3 Repair. An evaluation of the defects shall be carried out by the fabricator’s welding co-ordinator before repair of the repaired welding is started.4 6.6.10.Handbook for Manufacturing 6. Defects less than 100mm apart shall be repaired as one continuous defect.2 Documentation The documentation of welding shall be completed on the relevant forms enclosed in Section 20 Attachments. The excavated grove shall be minimum 50mm long.11. and repair of the repaired weld Before repair welding. holding time and cooling rate must be obtained. The specification must be in accordance with steel manufacturers recommendation. unless approved by ODIM .10. The removal of defects shall be confirmed by MPI or DPI.6 Post weld heat treatment (PWHT) PWHT shall be performed after repair if specified for the original weld.1 6.3. should be straightened in accordance with the requirements in Section 5. the defect shall be completely removed. Weld Class Date Welder identification WPS WPAR /WPQ Welding consumables material certificate.3. 6. Documentation.10.11. Section 6 – Welding – Rev 1 A Page 6 . this must be in accordance with specification. Article no.10. This includes complete removal of the original weld and HAZ.