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Creating a quick and accurate

floodplain model from a terrain model.

HEC RAS:
Design Note 1
ver. 1.0
Exporting a Civil 3D surface to HEC-RAS

USDA
Larson, Mark - NRCS, Huron, SD

HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. 1.0 September 2, 2014

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...0 HEC RAS: Design Note 1 Exporting a Civil 3D surface to HEC RAS............................. this means to use the left mouse button.......................................................................... 2014 HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER............................................................................. The following document will instruct the user how to export a Civil 3D surface to HEC RAS........................................................................................................... 13 Export of data .................................... Software used in this document is CCE approved at the time of writing and any future updates may change the processes used in this document............................................... 4 Create Cross Sections .................... The instructions will distinguish when the right mouse button or wheel are to be used.................. 20 Importing the GEO file .............. This document presumes the user is familiar with basic operation of the following software.................. and HEC RAS and can develop a surface using AutoCAD Civil 3D and run a steady or unsteady flow analysis in HEC RAS................................ 17 Open HEC RAS and Create Project............................ Microsoft Office 2010..........0..... AutoCAD Civil 3D.................... 14 Flipping Coordinates..... This document is intended for use by USDA NRCS employees who work with AutoCAD Civil 3D and HEC-RAS when designing engineering practices............................September 2..................................... Microsoft Office............ 1.................................1......... When the instructions say to “click”............................................... This document also presumes the user is using Windows OS 7.................................................. 25 .. 3 Define Alignment for the Stream Centerline ........ Method 1 ...................................................................................... AutoCAD 2010 Civil 3D 2011............................................... Method 2 ........................................... 22 Flipping Coordinates. and HEC RAS 4........................................................................... 9 Create Out-of-Bank Polylines ............................................. Windows OS........................................................ Table of Contents Prepare Surface for Exporting ................................................................................

0 September 2.HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. The same surface will be used throughout the example. 1. . the example project will be called Juniper. 2014 Prepare Surface for Exporting The following instructions presume that a surface has already been created in AutoCAD Civil 3D. For these instructions. The following is an image of the Juniper surface to be used in this example.

0 Define Alignment for the Stream Centerline The first thing needed is to find an alignment for the stream center line. Be as detailed as is appropriate for the project and design. STEP 1. IMPORTANT! The polyline must be created beginning with the downstream end and finishing at the upstream end. FINISH UPSTREAM START DOWNSTREAM Note: the polyline is drawn at the thalweg of the stream.September 2. Draw the polyline from the downstream end. STEP 2. 1. In order to do this. create a polyline that begins at the downstream end and finishes at the upstream end of the portion of the stream in question. . 2014 HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. to the upstream end of the section of stream to be analyzed. Click on the polyline icon to begin a polyline (or type the pline command).

0 September 2.HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. The first time is to accept the selection. and then select Create Alignment from Objects (or type the CreateAlignmentEntities command). and then press [Enter] twice. Select the Home option on the ribbon tab. then select Alignment. . 1. and the second is to accept the alignment direction. Choose the polyline that was just created by clicking on it. 2014 STEP 3.

JuniperCL will be used. STEP 5. Enter a name for the alignment.0 The following dialog box will appear. 1. STEP 4 STEP 5 STEP 4. In this example. 2014 HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. .September 2. Uncheck the box next to Add curves between tangents. The centerline needs to be left as drawn without curves.

HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. Click on Ok. 1. . 2014 The dialog box should now look similar to the following image.0 September 2. STEP 6.

0 The alignment has been created and should look similar to the following image. 2014 HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. . 1. If the stations increase from downstream to upstream. If not. reverse the direction of the alignment so that the downstream end begins with station 0+00.September 2. Note which direction the stations increase. then the alignment is ready for the next process.

It doesn’t matter if they are created left-to-right or right-to-left. 1. HINT: Draw the cross section polylines perpendicular to the conveyance as is typical for a HEC RAS analysis. Civil 3D will export them all in the same direction when exporting. . Click on the polyline icon to begin a polyline (or type the pline command). STEP 2. either from left-to-right or right-to-left at the desired channel cross section locations.HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. 2014 Create Cross Sections Next. create cross section polylines to be exported into HEC RAS. Draw the polylines across the channel and alignment centerline.0 September 2. STEP 1.

In the command line it says Select an alignment <or press enter key to select from list>. STEP 5 STEP 6 STEP 5. Press [Enter]. STEP 4. then select Sample Lines. STEP 6. Click on OK. Select the Home option on the ribbon tab.September 2. The following dialog box will appear. 2014 HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. Click on the created alignment. JuniperCL. 1. .0 STEP 3.

STEP 8. 1.0 September 2. Enter a name for the Sample Line Group. STEP 9 STEP 9. Click on the dropdown arrow next to the At a Station symbol existing polylines. 2014 The following dialog boxes will appear. In this example JuniperXS. will be used. Click on OK. and click on Select . STEP 7 STEP 8 STEP 7.HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. The following editor box for Sample Line Tools will appear. for Juniper cross sections.

Everything is now completed in order to export to a HEC RAS file. . All of these cross sections are now sample lines for the streams centerline alignment. Optionally. create alignments or draw polylines to represent left and/or right stream banks. 1.September 2.0 STEP 10. 2014 HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. Draw a box around the polylines as shown in the following image and press [Enter].

0 September 2. Draw the polylines either from downstream-to-upstream or upstream-to-downstream at the desired overbank locations parallel to the alignment centerline. STEP 2. These lines will be imported into HEC RAS as the right and left river banks. Click on the polyline icon to begin a polyline (or type the pline command). HINT: Draw the overbank polylines parallel to the conveyance as is typical for a HEC RAS analysis. STEP 1. .HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. 1. 2014 Create Out-of-Bank Polylines This process will create polylines to represent the right and left out-of-bank locations.

The following dialog box will appear.0 Export of data This process will place all the information previously developed and place it into a single file to be used by HEC RAS. Click on the dropdown arrow next to Site and choose <None>. Ognd (1) was used. 1. Click on the dropdown arrow next to Surface and choose the surface that will be used for the cross section data. In this example.September 2. . Select the Output option on the ribbon tab. JuniperCL was used. STEP 5 STEP 2 STEP 3 STEP 4 STEP 6 STEP 7 STEP 2. 2014 HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. STEP 4. then select Export to HEC RAS (or type the ExportHecRas command). click on the dropdown arrow next to Reach alignment and choose the alignment that will be used for the cross section data. If the Reach alignment box has not changed to the previously created alignment. In this example. STEP 3. STEP 1.

Name the river. 2014 STEP 5. In this example. This is the right overbank as looking upstream. Give the river a name that meets the naming conventions in HEC-RAS. Check the Right box. click on the dropdown arrow next to Sample line groups and choose the sample line group that will be used for the cross section data.0 September 2. This is the left overbank as looking upstream. Check the box for River Banks. STEP 6. Check the Left box. JuniperXS was used. This River name will be the identifier used in HEC-RAS. 1. STEP 7. The dialog box should now look similar to the following image. Click on Export. STEP 7 STEP 8. and then choose the polyline for the right overbank. .HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. If the Sample line groups box has not changed to the previously created sample line group. and then choose the polyline for the left overbank.

1. 2014 HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER.September 2. The Export to HEC RAS dialog box will still appear in the Civil 3D window. STEP 10. STEP 10 .geo was used.0 STEP 9. In this example. Name the GEO file and click Save. Navigate to the directory/folder desired for the save location for the GEO file. Juniper. Windows Explorer will open. Click on OK.

. Click on the Macros button. STEP D The following dialog will appear.xls Excel file STEP C. this is the first set of directions and uses an outside program. Open the Civil3DHECRASFix. Click on Run.xls Excel file. Method 1 NOTE: There are two ways to flip the coordinates.0 September 2. STEP E STEP E. Click on Developer. STEP A. Open the Civil3DHECRASFix. This file is available on the SD NRCS Engineering CAD Resources page or in the HEC RAS Folder of the Engineering Design Notes folder of the SD SharePoint site. 2014 Flipping Coordinates. STEP C STEP D. 1.HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. STEP B.

Click on Select geo File. .September 2. Juniper2try2. STEP F. Navigate to the directory/folder location for the GEO file. 2014 HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. 1. Windows Explorer will open.0 The following dialog will appear. Select the GEO file and click Open. In this example.geo was used. STEP F STEP G.

STEP H.HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. Click on Create Updated File. 1. 2014 The Civil3D HECRAS Fix dialog box will still appear in the Excel window. STEP H The new file will be named Project_rv. Use this file when inserting into the HECRAS Geometric Data Editor.0 September 2.geo in the same directory/folder location as the original GEO File. .

STEP 2 STEP 3. 2014 HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. .0 Open HEC RAS and Create Project STEP 1.September 2. Windows Explorer will open. STEP 2. Open HEC RAS. Navigate to the directory/folder desired to save the HEC RAS project. Under the File menu. Click on New Project. 1.

Click on OK. Name the HEC RAS project. STEP 5. 1. . Next is to import the geometry file created in AutoCAD Civil 3D.HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. STEP 3 STEP 6. STEP 3 STEP 4 STEP 5 The following dialog box will appear.0 September 2. Click on OK. 2014 STEP 4.

click on Geometric Data. Under the File menu. STEP 2. then click on GIS Format. or under the Edit menu. . Either click on the Edit Geometric Data button ..0 Importing the GEO file This process will import the GEO file into Hec Ras. click on Import Geometry Data. STEP 1 The Geometric Data editor will open. 2014 HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. STEP 1. of the Geometric Data editor. 1.September 2..

. In this example. STEP 4 STEP 3 STEP 5 STEP 3. Navigate to the directory/folder where the Civil 3D file was exported to. Click on the GEO file to import. 2014 STEP 2 A new Windows Explorer will open. STEP 4.0 September 2.HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. 1. JuniperSegment was used.

If they are not. correct as needed and then run it through HEC RAS to get a flood profile.0 STEP 5. 1. Click on OK.September 2. NOTE: Check the cross section data to see if the Downstream Reach Lengths and Main Channel Bank Stations and Manning’s n Values are correct. . 2014 HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. The following image shows an example of what the Geometric Data Editor now looks like.

this is the second set of directions and does not use outside programs or downloads. NOTE: The following directions go through how to flip the river reach and cross sections. 2014 Flipping Coordinates. STEP A.0 September 2. In the Geometric Data Editor. STEP A The following table will appear. . STEP B STEP B. 1. The coordinates for the river reach have now been flipped and the river reach should be flowing the correct direction. HEC RAS will ask “Do you want to flip the order of the points in the table?” Click on Yes.. Click on the Flip Coord Order button . click on Reach Invert Lines Table ..HEC RAS: DESIGN NOTE 1 VER. Method 2 NOTE: There are two ways to flip the coordinates. under GIS Tools.