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PSG COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY

29-07-2015

Proposal for
DEVELOPMENT OF LIGHT WEIGHT COMPOSITES FOR GEARS IN
AUTOMOBILES

I.

SUMMARY.................................................................................3

II.

INTRODUCTION.......................................................................3

III.

NEEDS/PROBLEMS..................................................................4

IV.

GOALS/OBJECTIVES...............................................................4

V.

PROCEDURES/SCOPE OF WORK..........................................4

VI.

TIMETABLE...............................................................................4

VII.

KEY PERSONNEL.....................................................................5

VIII. BUDGET....................................................................................5

I.

Summary
Automobile industries,the major contributor to worlds economy has been
continually putting efforts to reduce the weight of the automobile thereby
reducing fuel emissions. This project is focused on developing a light weight
composite material which might replace the currently used high alloy steels by
satisfying the customer requirements such as improved fuel efficiency and low
exhaust emissions.
Aluminium is among the most environmental friendly metals and most
recycled. Its weight is one-third of steel. Also, aluminium alloys offer properties
very much similar to that of steel. Aluminium is considered the material of
choice in almost all industries where weight plays the major factor.

II.

Introduction
The current trend of automobile industry is to reduce the weight of the vehicle
which improves its fuel efficiency. The main solution to reduce weight is to opt
for lightweight materials which has similar properties as that of the existing
material used for the same application. The entire weight of the vehicle is the
summation of the individual part weights. Gears, an individual part which has a
dominant role in the weight of a vehicle,can be made of a light weight
composite material instead of high alloy steel which has properties that of high
strength , corrosion resistance and good torque transmission.

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III.

Needs/Problems
Gears form an integral part of an automobile. Gears are being made of alloy
steels but the major drawback in using them in gears are:
Its weight that reduces the efficiency of the automobile
Increased pollution
Decreases the life of other subsystems such as suspension system due to
increased load acting on the system.

IV.

Goals/Objectives
The objective of the project is to develop a light weight composite material in
replacement toalloy steels used in the manufacture of gears which has similar
properties as that ofalloy steels.

V.

Scope of Work
The gears manufactured using light weight composites with required
properties can replace the gears made of high alloy steels in many applications
such as motorcycles, cars, agro-farm based equipments and machine tools.

VI.

Timetable
The project has been divided into two phases as shown below in the table with
the time periods.
Description of Work

Phase One

Case study and Designing

Phase Two

Fabrication and testing

Start and End Dates


15-06-2015 to 08-102015
30-11-2015 to 25-042016

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VII.
e

K
y

Dr.P.SADAGOPAN

Personnel
The key personnel who will be responsible for completion
other personnel involved in the project

JAGADISHKUMAR K

VIII.

KOUSHIK S V

SIBI VISHVAK S

of the project, as well as

CM ANBARASAN

Budget
The budget required for the entire project is divided as shown in the table.

Phase One
Phase Two

Description of Work
CASE STUDY AND
DESIGNING
FABRICATION AND TESTING

Anticipated Costs
15000
35000

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Total Rs. 50,000.00

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