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The Elements

Art is a powerful language

Through it, the artists communicates


thoughts, ideas and feelings.

The Visual Elements

Lightness or darkness of
color.

You can change color by


adding black or white.

Scale of medium

1. Color
2. Line
3. Shape
4. Texture
Definition of the Elements of Art

Individual parts that make up the


whole of an artwork.

White

Light

Medium

Dark

Black

Characteristics of Color

Intensity or Saturation

Qualities of the artwork.

Brightness or dullness

Not all are being used.

Master artists utilize the elements


effectively

Pure hues are higher intensity


colors.

Dull hues have lower intensity


colors.

It is used to describe purity of


colors

Intensity means the strength of


a hue

COLOR

Color relies on light

Vision relies on light

Characteristics of Color

Color Schemes

1. Hue

It is the name of the color

Dimension of the color

Referred to a scale
ranging through red,
yellow, green and blue.

Characteristics of Color
Primary colors: Red, blue and yellow

Colors can be combine to create


striking results

To create different effects

Color Schemes
a. Monochromatic different values of
single colors. (dark green, medium
green, and light green)

Secondary colors: Violet, Green,


Orange

b. Analogous uses colors that are side


by side on the color wheel and share a
hue.

Complementary colors: that are


opposite in the scale

c. Warm or cool color scheme

Intermediate colors: Adjacent in the


wheel
Characteristics of Color
2. Value

Warm red, yellow, orange


(color of the sun)

Cool blue, green, violet (ice,


grass, sea)

Ways of Using Colors

Representational Use the artist paints


objects from the real world in hues
approximating the colors, which they seem
to have in ordinary illumination, thereby,
implying color constancy in the local color of
objects.

The simplest, most primitive and the


most universal means of creating
visual art.

Generally, line are either straight or


curved.

Kinds of Lines
Impressionist Use rejects the painting or
colors in the local order, but instead seeks to
render the nature with a sensitive perception
of the effects of changing conditions of lights
on objects.
Decorative or Ornamental Use This is often
in relation to pattern and design (e.g.,
carpets, textiles, wall paper) in which colors
appear as a design component to enhance
rhythm and sensuous appeal.
Personal Use the artist uses hues to
express his feelings and emotions as well as
his spontaneous impulses and whims.
Scientific use this is the use of a consistent
format of a colored squared of a different
hue.

a. Horizontal Lines runs parallel to the


ground, at rest and quiet, sense of
infinity, calmness, repose, stability,
tranquility.
b. Vertical Line body in upright position,
poise, alertness, equilibrium, firmness,
strength, static position.
c. Diagonal Line body forward and
charging purposefully towards
something, energy, dynamism,
impulse, will power, aspiration and
passion as well as emotion.
d. Curve Line shows action, life and
energy, grace and beauty, expression
of feelings, romantic yearning,
sentimental.

Symbolic use the meaning of colors


changes from one cultural tradition to
another and may also vary from one period
to another. (e.g., color of the flag)

a. Curve lines nay either be single


or double, slow or quick

Characteristics of Color

c. Double curve line turns back on


itself, an S curve

Colors are either warm or cool.

Cool colors retreating colors

Warm colors advancing colors

b. Single curve lines are but single


arc

d. Quick curve is an arc of a small


circle, the type of curve is a fat
baby
e. Slow curve is an arc of a large
circle, the type of a long thin
face.

A. Colors differ in intensity and vividness.


B. A color is changed by the presence of f
other colors.
C. Colors have definite psychological and
emotional connotations.

e. Zigzag Line combined diagonal lines,


confusion or suggest action.
Shape

Line

It can send off different messages

Defined as the path of a moving point


through space

An element of art that refers to an


area clearly set off by one or more of
the other elements of art. shapes are
limited with two dimensions length
and width.

Geometric Figures made by ruler or


drawing tool.

5 geometric shapes: triangle, square,


circle, rectangle, oval

Organic free forms

Form

Likes shapes, forms have length and


width

Also have third dimension, depth

Refers to three dimension art (3D)

Space

Refers to the distance between,


around, above, below and within
things.

Positive Area filled areas

Negative Area empty area

Texture

It refers to the way things felt or


perceived

BALANCE

A principle of art concerned with


arranging elements so no one part of a
work overpowers, or seems heavier
than any other part.

In art, it can be either seen or felt by


the viewer.

3 DIFFERENT KINDS OF BALANCE


1. Formal Balance (symmetrical)
two halves are mirror images.
2. Informal Balance (asymmetrical)
two unlike elements seem to carry
equal weight.
3. Radial Balance it occurs when
elements or objects in an art work are
positioned around a central point
VARIETY

Same routine everyday become dull.


(nakakaumayhehe)

Variety is a principle of art concerned


with combining one or more elements
to create interest by adding slight
changes.

By giving a work variety, the artist


heightens the visual appeal of the
work.

PRINCIPLES OF ART
PRINCIPLE????

A moral rule or belief that helps you


know what is bright and wrong and
that influences your actions.

An idea that forms the basis of


something.

PRINCIPLES OF ART

HARMONY

If too little variety can become boring,


too much variety can create chaos.

Harmony is concerned with blending


elements to create a more calm,
restful appearance.

1. Balance
2. Variety
3. Harmony
4. Emphasis

EMPHASIS

To attract a viewers attention to


important parts of a work, artist use
the principle of emphasis.

Emphasis is making an element in a


work stand out.

To make one part of an artwork


dominant over the parts.

5. Proportion
6. Movement
7. Rhythm
8. Unity
9. Contrast

PROPORTION

Proportion is a principle of art


concerned with the relationship of one
part to another and to the whole.

The principle of proportion is not


limited to size.

Colors can be used in differing


proportion to create emphasis.

TAKING THE ROLE OF AN ART CRITIC

an art critics task is to unveil the


process or processes employed and
undergone by the artist to give the
viewer a meaningful visual-aural
experience

The art critic helps the viewer dig and


decode the world of the artist and
translate it to their language.

The aim of criticism is simple-to


understand, in this case, the art-its
cause and effects.

MOVEMENT

We may not realize it, but when we


look in a work of art, our eyes move
from one part to another.

Movement is used to create the look


and feeling of action and to guide a
viewers eye through the work of art.

RHYTHM

ART CRITICISM PROCESSES

Rhythm is a principle of art concerned


with repeating elements to make a
work seem active or suggest vibration.

1. Description

To create a rhythm, an artist will


repeat not just element but also the
same exact objects over and over.

3. Interpretation

When this is done, a pattern is formed.

Regular rhythm a repetition of


elements that are evenly spaced.

Irregular rhythm elements are


repeated but not exactly the same.

Progressive rhythm as elements


repeat, they increase or decrease in
size.

2. Analysis

4. Judgement
ART CRITICISM PROCESSES:
DESCRIPTION

Unity is the arrangement of elements


and principles with medium to create
a feeling of completeness or
wholeness.
You will sense the unity as you look at
works of art in which artist use the
elements and principles with skill,
imagination and sensitivity.

CONTRAST

Contrast is to show difference and


diversity in an artwork by combining
elements to create interest.

Viewing a work of art and taking a


visual inventory of this part, noting
what is immediately visible

ART CRITICISM PROCESSES:


ANALYSIS

UNITY

Contrast is to provide an artwork with


something interest to break the
repetitions.

Discovering the relationships among


the parts by attending to the design
principles within the composition.

ART CRITICISM PROCESSES:


INTERPRETATION

Discovering the meaning within the


work by focusing on content and
expressive qualities.

ART CRITICISM PROCESSES:


JUDGEMENT

Evaluating the quality by assessing


the work on specific criteria and
ranking within the context of like
works.