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51.

Determine the maximum shearing stress in a helical steel spring


composed of 20 turns of 20 mm diameter wire on mean radius of 80 mm
when the spring is supporting a load of 2 kN?
A. 121 MPa
B. 130 MPa
C. 150 MPa
D. 120 MPa
52. A single bolt is used to lap joint two steel bars together. Tensile force
on the bar is 20,000 N. Determine the diameter of the bolt required if the
allowable shearing stress on it is 70 MPa.
A. 25 mm
B. 19 mm
C. 15 mm
D. 12 mm
53. Strength of materials can most aptly be described as statics of
deformable _______ bodies.
A. elastic
B. rigid
C. compressible
D. thermal
54. It states that the elongation is proportional to the force
A. Pascals Law
B. Hookes Law
C. Youngs Theorem
D. Farrells Law
55. The modulus of elasticity is also known as
A. Youngs modulus

B. Modulus of rigidity
C. Hookes ratio
D. Yield strength
56. A ________ material is one having a relatively large tensile strain up to
the point of rupture
A. malleable
B. brittle
C. conductible
D. ductile
57. A ________ material has a relatively small strain up to the point of
rupture
A. brittle
B. malleable
C. ductile
D. conductible
58. The maximum stress that may be developed during a simple tension
that the stress is a linear function of strain.
A. elastic limit
B. proportional limit
C. yield point
D. rupture point
59. The maximum stress that may be developed during a simple tension
test such that there is no permanent or residual deformation when the
load is entirely removed
A. elastic limit
B. proportional limit
C. yield point
D. rupture point

60. The region of the stress-strain curve extending from the origin to the
proportional limit is called
A. rigid range
B. malleable range
C. elastic range
D. plastic range
61. The region of the stress-strain curve extending from the proportional
limit to the point of rupture is called
A. rigid range
B. malleable range
C. elastic range
D. plastic range
62. The ordinate of the point at which there is an increase in strain with
no increase in stress is known as
A. elastic limit
B. proportional limit
C. yield point
D. rupture point
63. The maximum ordinate to the curve
A. yield strength
B. ultimate strength
C. tensile strength
D. both B and C are correct
64. The ratio of the strain in the lateral direction to that in the axial
direction
A. Pascals Number
B. Factor of Safety
C. Youngs Modulus

D. Poissons ratio
65. Defined as the ratio of the ultimate strength to the specific weight
A. Specific Strength
B. Specific Rigidity
C. Specific Modulus
D. Specific Gravity
66. Defined as the ratio of the Youngs modulus to the specific weight
A. Specific Strength
B. Specific Rigidity
C. Specific Modulus
D. Specific Gravity
67. One of the same elastic properties at all points in the body
A. heterogeneous material
B. multistate material
C. homogenous material
D. monostate material
68. One of having the same elastic properties in all directions at any one
point of the body
A. Orthotropic
B. Isotropic
C. Anisotropic
D. Monotropic
69. Material that does not possess any kind of elastic symmetry
A. Orthotropic
B. Isotropic
C. Anisotropic
D. Monotropic

70. Material that has three mutually perpendicular planes of elastic


symmetry
A. Orthotropic
B. Isotropic
C. Anisotropic
D. Monotropic
71. The change of volume per unit volume is defined as the
A. Convection
B. Dilatation
C. Expansion
D. Mutation
72. A measure of the resistance of a material to change of volume without
change of shape or form
A. Youngs modulus
B. Modulus of rigidity
C. Bulk modulus
D. Shear modulus
73. Stresses arising when a change in temperature affects the original
length of a body
A. Kelvin stress
B. Thermal stress
C. Hydraulic stress
D. Humid stress
74. The typical Youngs modulus of steel is
A. 145 170 GPa
B. 195 210 GPa
C. 225 240 GPa
D. 275 310 GPa

75. Poissons ratio of glass


A. 0.16
B. 0.19
C. 0.23
D. 0.27
76. The yield strength of pure aluminum is
A. 7 11 MPa
B. 7 11 GPa
C. 2 5 MPa
D. 2 5 GPa
77. One Newton per square meter is one
A. Joule
B. Watt
C. Pascal
D. Kelvin
78. Stress on an object is _________ its cross sectional area
A. directly proportional to
B. inversely proportional to
C. less than
D. greater than
79. The condition under which the stress is constant or uniform is known
as
A. Shearing stress
B. Tangential stress
C. Torsion
D. Simple stress

80. Tensile and compressive stress are caused by forces _________ to the
areas on which they act
A. perpendicular
B. parallel
C. angled
D. skew
81. Which of the following is/are known as tangential stress?
A. Circumferential stress
B. Hoop stress
C. Girth stress
D. All of the above
82. The maximum safe stress a material can carry
A. Optimum stress
B. Working stress
C. Differential stress
D. Partial stress
83. It is the change in shape and / or size of a continuum body after it
undergoes a displacement between an initial and a deformed
configuration
A. Deformation
B. Distortion
C. Deflection
D. Dilation
84. Expressed as the ration of total deformation to the initial dimension of
the material body in which forces are being applied.
A. Elasticity
B. Dislocation
C. Stress

D. Strain
85. Engineering strain is also known as
A. Hooke strain
B. Cauchy strain
C. Couch strain
D. Pascal strain
86. When a material is stretched in one direction and the other direction
tends to contract, the Poissons ratio is
A. Positive
B. Negative
C. Zero
D. Cannot be determined
87. When a material is stretched in one direction and the other direction
tends to expand, the Poissons ratio is
A. Positive
B. Negative
C. Zero
D. Cannot be determined
88. Which of the following is known to have no contractions or expansion
when stretched in the other direction?
A. Cast iron
B. Sand
C. Auxetics
D. Cork
89. Which of the following materials is known to expand instead of
contracting when stretched in the other direction?
A. Cast iron

B. Sand
C. Auxetics
D. Cork
90. Is the twisting of an object due to an applied torque.
A. Torsion
B. Radial distortion
C. Circumferential shear
D. Centrifugal force
91. The angle of twist is measured in
A. Mils
B. Gradians
C. Radians
D. Degrees
92. It is the rotational force down a shaft
A. Pressure
B. Torque
C. Torsion
D. Tangential load
93. It is made of elastic material formed into the shape of a helix which
returns to its natural length when unloaded
A. Autumn
B. Spring
C. Spiral
D. Beam
94. The form of deformation of a spring is
A. Twisting
B. Volume expansion

C. Elongation
D. None of the above
95. A 6 mm bar is subjected to a tensile force of 4000 N. Find the stress.
A. 333.33 MPa
B. 70.74 MPa
C. 435.34 MPa
D. 43.30 MPa
96. If the circumference of the cross section of a cylindrical bar is 25mm,
what maximum axial load can it handle if the stress is not to exceed 100
MPa?
A. 4973.59 N
B. 4932.43 N
C. 4901.53 N
D. 4892.43 N
97. What is the minimum diameter of a bar subjected to an axial load of
6.5 kN if its ultimate stress is 140 MPa
A. 2.43 mm
B. 4.24 mm
C. 6.34 mm
D. 7.69 mm
98. A hollow cylindrical baris subjected to an axial load of 4.5 kN. If the
inner diameter is 3mm, what should the outer diameter be if it is not to
exceed 125 MPa?
A. 4.34 mm
B. 8.53 mm
C. 7.41 mm
D. 5.34 mm
99. Determine the outside of a hollow steel tube that will carry a tensile
load of 500 kN at a stress of 140 MPa. Assume the wall thickness to be
one tenth of the outside diameter.

A. 104 mm
B. 113 mm
C. 134 mm
D. 153 mm
100. A 20 m bar with a square cross section of 9 mm2 is subjected to a
tensile force without exceeding its ultimate stress. If the bar is to be
replaced by cylindrical one, what should the diameter be?
A. 4.34 mm
B. 8.32 mm
C. 3.39 mm
D. 1.24 mm

101. Two plates are being pulled at opposite directions with a load of 20 kN.
If the plates are secured by two bolts 75 mm in diameter, what is the
shearing stress applied to each bolt?

A. 4.23 MPa

B. 3.21 MPa

C. 2.26 MPa

D. 1.28 MPa

102. Three plates, secured by a 60 mm bolt, are being pulled at opposite


directions alternately. What pulling force is needed to shear off the bolt if it
can withstand a stress of up to 175 MPa?

A. 434 kN

B. 242 kN

C. 495 kN

D. 272 kN

103. What force is required to punch off a 5 mm hole out of a 4 mm thick


plate if the ultimate punching stress is 200 MPa?

A. 15.53 kN

B. 17.45 kN

C. 14.43 kN

D. 12.57 kN

104. A hole is to be punched out of a plate having an ultimate shearing


stress of 300 MPa. If the compressive stress in the punch is limited to 400
MPa, determine the maximum thickness of plate from which a hole, 100 mm
in diameter can be punched.

A. 33.3 mm

B. 17.9 mm

C. 13.4 mm

D. 26.9 mm

105. A cylindrical vessel with wall diameter of 15 mm containing gas holds


pressure of 30 MPa. If the thickness is 10% of the inner diameter, what is the
longitudinal stress?

A. 150 MPa

B. 125 MPa

C. 100 MPa

D. 75 MPa

106. What is the tangential stress in question 51?

A. 150 MPa

B. 125 MPa

C. 100 MPa

D. 75 MPa

107. If the tensile stress of a spherical vessel is limited to 17 MPa, what is the
minimum thickness allowed if its inner radius is 7 mm containing gas with 20
N/mm2 of pressure?

A. 2.06 mm

B. 4.12 mm

C. 6.24 mm

D. 8.75 mm

108. What is the bearing stress if a 15kN force is applied to plates 9 mm


thick secured by a bolt 8 mm in diameter?

A. 453.32 MPa

B. 321.43 MPa

C. 431.43 MPa

D. 208.33 MPa

109. What is the elongation if a steel bar 7m long is subjected to a


temperature change of 17oC? Use = 11.7 x 10-6 / Co.

A. 1.34 mm

B. 13.44 mm

C. 134.44 mm

D. 1.34 m

110. By how much will a 15m steel rod with diameter of 3mm elongate if it is
subjected to a tensile load of 26 kN. Use E=200 GPa

A. 293.34 mm

B. 67.34 mm

C. 275.87 mm

D. 69.34 mm

111. At temperature of 25oC, a 17 m rod 8 mm in diameter is subjected to a


tensile load of 24 kN. At what temperature without the load will the bar have
the same elongation? Use = 13.8 x 10-6 / Co and E = 180 GPa.

A. 115 oC
B. 217 oC
C. 245 oC
D. 287 oC

112. A cylindrical bar 75 m long is attached to the ceiling atone end. At what
new length could be expected if it has a unit mass of 5000 kg/m3? Use E =
750 MPa.

A. 75.023 m

B. 75.104 m

C. 75.184 m

D. 75.245 m

113. A 7mm bar 9 m long is attached to the ceiling at one end. If a weight of
40 kN is hung on its lower end, what is the total elongation? Use E = 200 GPa
and unit mass of kg/m3.

A. 46.78 mm

B. 45.34 mm

C. 48.33 mm

D. 52.23 mm

114. A steel wire 10 m long, hanging vertically supports a tensile load of


2000 N. Neglecting the weight of the wire, determine the required diameter if
the stress is not to exceed 140 MPa and the total elongation is not to exceed
5 mm. Assume E = 200 GPa.

A. 4.26 mm

B. 3.12 mm

C. 5.05 mm

D. 2.46 mm

115. A steel rod having a cross-sectional area of 300mm2 and length of 150
m is suspended vertically from one end. It supports a load of 13 kN at the
lower end. If the unit mass of steel is 5120 kg/m3 and E=200 GPa, find the
total elongation of the rod.

A. 33.45 mm

B. 54.33 mm

C. 53.44 mm

D. 35.33 mm

116. What is the torsion on a solid cylindrical shaft whose diameter is 6 mm


subjected to a rotational force of 27 N-m?

A. 434.31 MPa

B. 542.46 MPa

C. 255.44 MPa

D. 636.62 MPa

117. What is the maximum torque allowed if a 12 mm shaft is allowed torsion


of up to 40 MPa only?

A. 13.57 N-m

B. 15.34 N-m

C. 18.34 N-m

D. 23.43 N-m

118. How many degrees of rotational deformation would occur on an 8


m cylindrical bar 8 mm in radius if it subjected to torque of 95 N-m?

A. 56.34o
B. 35.62o
C. 92.32o
D. 43.53o

119. What is the torque if the power transmitted by a shaft rotating at 30


rev/s is 1 MW?

A. 8.342 kN-m

B. 3.532 kN-m

C. 7.453 kN-m

D. 5.305 kN-m

120. A cylindrical solid shaft 7 mm in diameter is rotating at 18 rev/s. What is


the maximum allowable power transmitted if the stress should not exceed
380 MPa?

A. 3.43 kW

B. 5.23 kW

C. 1.53 kW

D. 2.89 kW

121. Determine the length of the shortest 2-mm diameter bronze wire which
can be twisted through two complete turns without exceeding a shearing
stress of 343 MPa. Use G = 35 GPa.

A. 6280 mm

B. 3420 mm

C. 1280 mm

D. 1658 mm

122. A solid steel shaft 5 m long is stressed to 60 Mpa when twisted through
4o. Using G=83 GPa, compute the power that can be transmitted by the shaft
at 20 rev/s.

A. 1.21 MW

B. 1.67 MW

C. 3.21 MW

D. 1.26 MW

123. A helical spring with mean radius of 40 mm has wire diameter of 2.7
mm. What is the shearing stress if there is a 22 N load? Use the approximate
formula.

A. 325.32 MPa

B. 231.54 MPa

C. 432.43 MPa

D. 154.67 MPa

124. Solve question 123 using the exact formula.

A. 238.29 MPa

B. 431.32 MPa

C. 365.35 MPa

D. 153.64 MPa

125. By how much will a spring with 9 turns elongate if it supports a weight
of 400 N? The wire diameter is 6 mm and the mean radius is 28 mm. Use
G=150 GPa.

A. 64.35 mm

B. 42.43 mm

C. 26.02 mm

D. 16.65 mm

126. A helical spring is made by wrapping steel wire 20 mm in diameter


around a forming cylinder 150 mm in diameter. Compute number of turns
required to permit an elongation of 132 mm without exceeding a shearing
stress of 184.8 MPa. Use G = 83 GPa.

A. 15.43 turns

B. 13.83 turns

C. 18.24 turns

D. 12.36 turns

127. Determine the maximum shearing stress in a helical steel spring


composed of 20 turns of 20-mm diameter wire on a mean radius of 80 mm
when the spring is supporting a load of 2 kN. Use the exact formula.

A. 120.6 MPa

B. 117.9 MPa

C. 132.4 MPa

126.9 MPa

151. The section of a beam at which the bending moment changes from
positive to negative is called.

A. Critical point

B. Deflection point

C. Point of inflection

D. None of the above

152. A circular steel plate must fit into an opening whose area is fifty square
inches. Find the diameter of the plate to two decimal places.

A. 7.98 in.

B. 8.65 in.

C. 6.45 in.

D. 9.60 in.

153. Find the constant of 81 Hp in a 3 inches cold rolled line shafting which
transmitted 210 rpm.

A. 900

B. 600

C. 800

D. 500

154. A steel wire 10 m. long , hanging vertically supports a tensile Load of


1000 N. Neglecting the weight of the wire, determine The required diameter
if the elongation is not to exceed 2.5 mm. Assume e = 200 gpa.

A. 5.046 mm.

B. 3.596 mm.

C. 4.297 mm.

D. 6.382 mm.

155. The ratio of the lateral expansion to the longitudinal shortening of a


concrete cylinder when subjected to compressive load.

A. Modulus of elasticity

B. Poissons ratio

C. Modulus of rupture

D. None of the above

156. The moment of inertia of any plane figure can be expressed in units of
length to the:

A. First power

B. Second power

C. Third power

D. Fourth power

157. The moment of inertia about the principal x x axis of a cross section is:

A. The integral of y2Da

B. The integral of xda

C. The integral of x2Da

D. The integral of xyda

158. The stress in an elastic material is:

A. Inversely proportional to the materials yield strength

B. Inversely proportional to the force acting

C. Proportional to the displacement

D. Inversely proportional to the strain

159. Principal stresses occur on those planes:

A. Where the shearing stress is zero

B. Which are 45 Apart

C. Where the shearing stress in minimum

D. Which are subjected to pure tension

160. The deflection of a beam is:

A. Directly proportional to the modulus of elasticity and Moment of inertia

B. Inversely proportional to the modulus of elasticity and moment of inertia

C. Directly proportional to the load imposed and inversely to the length


squared

D. Inversely proportional to the weight and length

161. Poissons ratio is the ratio of the:

A. Unit lateral deformation to the unit longitudinal deformation

B. Unit stress to unit strain

C. Elastic limit to proportional limit

D. Shear to compressive strain

162. The linear portion of the stress strain diagram of steel is known as the:

A. Modulus of elongation

B. Plastic range

C. Strain hardening

D. Elastic range

163. Stress concentration factor:

A. Is a ratio of average stress on a section to the allowable stress

B. Is the ratio of areas involved in a sudden change of cross section

C. Is the ratio of maximum stress produced in a section to the average stress


over the section

D. Is the load factor applied to loads

164. Modulus of rigidity of a steel member is

A. Define as the unit shear stress divided by the unit shear deformation
(shear strain)

B. Equal to the modulus of elasticity divided by one plus Poissons ratio

C. Defined as the length divided by the moment of inertia

D. Equal to approximately 7/10 of the modulus of elasticity

165. Fixing both ends of a simply supported beam that has a uniform load
throughout the span will increase the allowable load by:

A. 25%

B. 50%

C. 75%

D. 100%

166. The area of the shear diagram between any two points on the beam is
equal to:

A. Change in shear between two points

B. Total shear between the two points

C. Average moment between the two points

D. Change in moment between the two points

167. A thin walled cylindrical shell has an internal diameter of 2 m. And is


fabricated from plates 20 mm. Thick. Calculate the safe pressure in the shell
if the tensile strength of the Plate is 400 kN/mm2 and the factor of safety is 6.

A. 1.33 n/mm2
B. 0.33 n/mm2
C. 13.3 n/mm2
D. 133.3 n/ mm2

168. The linear portion of the stress-strain diagram of the steel is known as
the:

A. Modulus of elongation

B. Plastic range

C. Strain hardening

D. Elastic range

169. For a system to be in equilibrium, the sum of the external forces acting
on the system must be:

A. Equal to unity

B. A maximum

C. Indeterminate

D. Zero

170. A short structural member of length l, area a and modulus of elasticity


e, subjected to a compression load of p. The member will:

A. Elongated by pl/ae

B. Shorten by pl/ae

C. Buckle at 2 Ei/ll

D. None of the above

171. What is a metal characteristic to withstand forces that cause twisting?

A. Torsional strength

B. Modulus of elasticity

C. Twisting moment

D. Elasticity

172. Determine the estimate weight of an A-36 steel plate size 3/16 x 6 20.

A. 919 lbs.

B. 1012 lbs.

C. 829 lbs.

D. 735 lbs.

173. A 3 diameter short shaft carrying two pulley close to the bearings
transmit how much horsepower if the shaft makes 280 rpm?

A. 199 hp

B. 198 hp

C. 200 hp

D. 210 hp

174. What pressure is required to punch a hole 2

A. 10 tons

B. 20 tons

C. 30tons

D. 40 tons

175. Compute the working strength of a 1 bolt which is screwed up tightly


in a packed joint when the allowable working stress is 13000psi?

A. 3600 psi

B. 3950 psi

C. 3900 psi

D. 3800 psi

176. What is the working strength of a 2 bolt which is screwed up tightly in


a packed joint when the allowable working stress is 12000 psi?

A. 20,120 lbs.

B. 25,347 lbs.

C. 20,443 lbs.

D. 20,200 lbs.

177. Compute the speed of the gear mounted on a 52.5 mm diameter shaft
receiving power from a driving motor with 250hp.

A. 2182 rpm

B. 2071 rpm

C. 2282 rpm

D. 2341 rpm

178. What force p is required to punch a in. Hole on a 3/8 in. Thick plate
if the ultimate shear strength of the plate is 42000 psi?

A. 24940 lbs

B. 24620 lbs

C. 24960 lbs

D. 24740 lbs

179. A hollow shaft has inner diameter of 0.035 m. And outer Diameter of
0.06 m. Determine the polar moment of inertia of the hollow shaft.

A. 1.512 x 10-6 m4
B. 1.215 x 10-6 m4
C. 1.152 x 10-6 m4
D. 1.125 x 10-6 m4

180. What is the modulus of elasticity if the stress is 44,000 psi and a unit of
0.00105?

A. 41.905 x 106
B. 42.300 x 106
C. 41.202 x 106
D. 43.101 x 106

181. Determine the thickness of a steel air receiver with 30 inches diameter
and pressure load of 120 psi. Design stress of 8000 psi.

A. in.

B. 5/8 in.

C. 3/8 in.

D. in.

182. The section modulus of a rectangular of base b and height h about


its base is:

A. Bh2/6
B. Bh3/3
C. Bh2/12
D. Bh3/12

183. A 2-in. Solid shaft is driven by a 36-in. Gear and transmits power at 120
rpm. If allowable shearing stress is 12 psi, what Horsepower can be
transmitted?

A. 29.89

B. 35.89

C. 38.89

D. 34.89

184. A coiled spring with 5 cm. Of outside diameter is required to work under
the load of 190 n. The wire diameter is 15 mm, the spring is to have 6 active
coils and the ends to be closed and round. Determine the total number of

coils. The modulus of rigidity is 80gpa and the mean radius is to be 23 mm,
with 7 mm pitch of the spring.

A. 6.5 coils

B. 7.5 coils

C. 8.5 coils

D. 9.5 coils

185. A helical spring having square and ground ends has a total of 18 coils
and its material has modulus of elasticity in shear of 78.910 GPa. If the
spring has an outside diameter of 10.42 cm. and a wire diameter of 0.625
cm, compute the maximum deflection that can be produced in the spring
due to a load of 50 Kgs.

A. 302 mm

B. 342 mm

C. 551 mm

D. 322 mm

186. Design the size of solid steel to be used for 500 Hp, 250
rpm application if the allowable torsional deflection is 1 and the allowable
stress is 10,000 psi and modulus of rigidity is 13 X 106 Psi.

A. 5 dia.

B. 4 5/8 dia.

C. 4 7/8 dia.

D. 4 dia.

187. With the electric arc welding rate of 18 in./min., how long will It take to
weld a in. Thick plate by 3 ft. Long seam?

A. 3 min.

B. 2 min.

C. 1.5 min.

D. 4 min.

188. A hollow shaft has an inner diameter of 0.035 m. An outer diameter of


0.06 m. Compute for the torque if the shear Stress is not to exceed 120 GPa
in nm.

A. 4500

B. 4100

C. 4300

D. 4150

189. What modulus of elasticity in tension is required to obtain a unit


deformation of 0.00105 m/m from a load producing a unit tensile stress of
44,000 psi?

A. 42.300 x 106 Psi


B. 41.202 x 106 Psi
C. 43.101 x 106 Psi
D. 41.905 x 106 Psi

190. If the ultimate shear strength of steel plate is 42,000 lb/in2, what force
is necessary to punch a 0.75 inch diameter hole in an inch thick plate?

A. 63008 lbs.

B. 68080 lbs.

C. 61800 lbs.

D. 66800 lbs.

191. A steel tie rod on bridge must be made to withstand a pull of 5000 lbs.
Find the diameter of the rod assuming a factor of safety of 50 and ultimate
stress of 64000 lb/in2.

A. 0.75 in.

B. 0.71 in.

C. 0.84 in.

D. 0.79 in.

192. Compute the nominal shear stresses at the surface in MPa for a 40 mm
DIIA, meter shaft that transmit 750 KW at 1500 rpm. Axial and bending load
are assumed negligible. Torsional shearing stress is 28 n/mm2.

A. 218

B. 312

C. 232

D. 380

193. The ratio of the moment of inertia of the cross-section of the beam to
the section modulus.

A. Equal to the radius gyration

B. Equal to the area of the cross-section

C. Measure a distance

D. Dependent on the modulus of elasticity of the beam measure

194. Continuous stretching under load even if the stress is less than the yield
point:

A. Plasticity

B. Elasticity

C. Creep

D. Ductility

195. The maximum moment in a simple beam subject to a triangular load


beginning at zero from the left support to a value at the right support occurs
at distance from the left support of:

A. 0.5 l

B. 0.577 l

C. 0.667 l

D. 0.750 l

196. Shear center of a cross section:

A. Is located at the centroid for wf and doubly symmetric shapes.

B. Can be located by equilibrium of internal torsional shear stresses with


external torsional forces.

C. For singly symmetry cross section such as c shape, is located at the axis of
symmetry but not at the centroid.

D. All of the above

197. The stress in an elastic material is:

A. Inversely proportional to the materials yield strength

B. Inversely proportional to the force acting

C. Proportional to the displacement

D. Inversely proportional to the strain

198. The linear portion of the stress- strain diagram of steel is known as the

A. Modulus of elasticity

B. Plastic range

C. Stain hardening

D. Elastic range

199. Principal stress occur on those planes

A. Where the shearing is zero

B. Which are 45 degrees apart

C. Where the shearing stress is a maximum

D. Which are subjected to pure tension

200. The deflection of the beam is

A. Directly proportional to the modulus of elasticity and moment of inertia

B. Inversely proportional to the modulus of elasticity and moment of inertia

C. Directly proportional to the load imposed and inversely to the length


squared

D. Inversely proportional to the weight and length

ANSWER KEY

58. proportional limit


59. elastic limit

51. 121 MPa

60. elastic range

52. 19 mm

61. plastic range

53. elastic

62. yield point

54. Hookes Law

63. both B and C are correct

55. Youngs modulus

64. Poissons ratio

56. ductile

65. Specific Strength

57. brittle

66. Specific Modulus

67. homogenous material

94. Elongation

68. Isotropic

95. 70.74 MPa

69. Anisotropic

96. 4973.59 N

70. Orthotropic

97. 7.69 mm

71. Dilatation

98. 7.41 mm

72. Bulk modulus

99. 113 mm

73. Thermal stress

100. 3.39 mm

74. 195 210 GPa

101. 2.26 MPa

75. 0.23
76. 7 11 MPa
77. Pascal

102. 495 kN
103. 12.57 kN

78. inversely proportional to

104. 33.3 mm

79. Simple stress

105. 75 MPa

80. perpendicular
81. All of the above
82. Working stress

106. 150 MPa


107. 4.12 mm

83. Deformation

108. 208.33 MPa

84. Strain

109. 1.34 mm

85. Cauchy strain


86. Positive
87. Negative
88. Cork
89. Auxetics
90. Torsion
91. Radians

110. 275.87 mm
111. 217 oC
112. 75.184 m
113. 46.78 mm
114. 5.05 mm

92. Torque

115. 35.33 mm

93. Spring

116. 636.62 MPa

117. 13.57 N-m


118. 35.62o
119. 5.305 kN-m
120. 2.89 kW
121. 1280 mm
122. 1.67 MW
123. 231.54 MPa
124. 238.29 MPa
125. 26.02 mm
126. 13.83 turns
127. 120.6 MPa
151. Point of inflection
152. 7.98 in.
153. 900
154. 5.046 mm.
155. Poissons ratio
156. Fourth power
157. The integral of y2Da
158. Proportional to the
displacement
159. Where the shearing stress is
zero

160. Inversely proportional to the


modulus of elasticity and moment
of inertia
161. Unit lateral deformation to the
unit longitudinal deformation
162. Elastic range
163. Is the ratio of maximum stress
produced in a section to the
average stress over the section
164. Define as the unit shear stress
divided by the unit shear
deformation (shear strain)
165. 50%
166. Change in shear between two
points
167. 1.33 n/mm2
168. Elastic range
169. Zero
170. Shorten by pl/ae
171. Torsional strength
172. 919 lbs.
173. 199 hp
174. 10 tons
175. 3600 psi
176. 25,347 lbs.

177. 2282 rpm

191. 0.71 in.

178. 24740 lbs

192. 380

179. 1.215 x 10-6 m4

193. Measure a distance

180. 41.905 x 106

194. Elasticity

181. in.

195. 0.577 l

182. Bh3/12

196. All of the above

183. 35.89

197. Proportional to the


displacement

184. 8.5 coils


185. 551 mm
186. 4 5/8 dia.
187. 2 min.
188. 4500
189. 41.905 x 106 Psi
190. 61800 lbs.

198. Elastic range


199. Where the shearing is zero
200. Directly proportional to the
modulus of elasticity and moment
of inertia