You are on page 1of 6

Generic Name Action and Dosage and Contraindicati Nursing

Brand Name Indication Route on Consideration


Generic Action: Adult: 8mg Hypersensitivity > drug may
Name: Facilitates/potenti tablet BID be
Salbutamol ates Pedia: 3-12 decrese
Brand name: The inhibitory yrs sensitivity of
4mg tab
Ventolin activity of GABA spirometry
BID T NEB
Vilmax at the limbic used
Salbutamol system and for diagnosis
reticular of
CLASSIFICATIO formation to asthma
N: reduce anxiety, >syrup may
Anti-asthma promote be
calmness taken as
and sleep. young
as age 2
Indication: >monitor for
Reversible evidence of
airway allergic rxn.
obstruction
including
bronchial MAO inhibitor
asthma, Adults: therapy within
chronic 1 sachet of
Generic bronchitis 14 days
Acetylcysteine
Name: 200 mg or 2
initiating
Acetylcysteine
Action: sachets of therapy;
Brand Name: Exerts mucolytic Acetylcysteine severe Monitor
Fluimucil action through its 100 mg, 2-3 hypertension; effectiveness of
times a day severe. therapy and
free sulfhydryl 1 advent of
group which Coronary
CLASSIFICATION: Acetylcysteine adverse/allergic
opensup the artery disease,
Mucolytic agent 600 mg effects. Instruct
disulfide bonds in effervescent hypersensitivit patient in
the mucoproteins tablet daily y to appropriate use
thus lowering ( preferably in pseudoedephri and adverse
the evening) ne, effects to
mucous viscosity. For the report.
The exact acrivastine or
prevention of
mechanism of any
exacerbation,
action in the use of component;
acetaminophen FLUIMUCIL 200 renal
toxicity is mg sachets is impairment.
unknown. It is
recommended. Form: Solution,
Children: as Sodium:
thought to act by Aged up to 2
providingsubstrat 10%; 20%
years: 1 sachet
e for conjugation of 200 mg daily
with the toxic or 2 sachets of
metabolite. 100 mg daily.3-
7 years: 1
sachet of 200
Indication: mg twice daily
Treatment of or 2 sachets of
respiratory 100 mg twice a
affections day.
characterized by
thick and viscous
hypersecretions:
acute bronchitis,
chronic bronchitis
and its
exacerbations;
pulmonary
emphysema,
mucoviscidosis
and
bronchiectasis.

Generic Name: Action: Adults: For Contraindicated Monitor K+,


Digoxin Inhibits the rapid in patients Mg++, ECG,
Brand Name: sodiumpotassium digitalization, hypersensitive liver/renal
Lanoxin, ATP phase. give 0.4 to 0.6 to the drug or function tests,
Digoxin, Indications: mg I.V. initially, any of its drug
Lanoxicap V-fib, V-flutter, CHF, followed by components and level
Classification: pulmonary edema, 0.1 to 0.3 mg in (therapeutic
Cardiac atrial I.V. every 4 those with level 0.5-2.0
Glycosides fibrillation and or hours, as digitalis-induced mg/ml, toxicity
flutter, and needed and toxicity, is >2.0
paroxysmal atrial tolerated, for ventricular mg/ml).
contractio 24 hours. fibrillation, or Before each
Children: ventricular dose assess
digitalizing tachycardia apical
dose is unless caused pulse for full
based on by minute, record
child’s age and heart failure. and report
is Use cautiously changes in rate
given in three in patients or
or more with acute MI, in rhythm.
divided complete Av Withhold drug
doses over the block, sinus and contact
first 24 hours. bradycardia, provider if
First dose is PVCs,, chronic pulse is <
50% of total constrictive 60/min.
dose; pericarditis, or >100
subsequent hyperthropic (adults) or <
dose are cardiomyopathy 110/minute
given q 4 to 8 , renal (children)
hours as insufficiency, Weigh daily
needed severe Monitor I&O
and tolerated. pulmonary and signs of
Children age disease, or CHF
10 years and hypothyroidism. 5
older: For rapid
digitalization,
give 8 to 12
mcg/kg I.V.
over
24 hours,
divided as
above,
Maintenance
dose is 25% to
35% of total
digitalizing
dose,
given daily as
a single dose.
Children ages
5 to 10: For
rapid
digitalization,
give 15 to
30 mcg/kg I.V.
over 24 hours
divided as
above.
Maintenance
dose is 25% to
35% of total
digitalizing
dose,
divided and
given in two or
three equal
portions daily.

Generic Name Action and Dosage and Contraindicatio Nursing


Brand Name Indication Route n Responsibility

Generic Action: Route: Contraindicate -Give IM


Name: -Decrease IV d in injection
inflammation Timing: patient with deep into
Hydrocortisone
mainly by 12-6- 12-6 hypersensitivit gluteal
stabilizing
Brand Name: leukocyte
Dosage: y to muscle rotate
lysosomal 100mg drug or its injection site.
Cortizan Frequency: ingredients. -Warn patient
membranes.
Also Q6H of
Classification: drowsiness.
suppresses the
Glucocorticoid immune
response,
stimulates bone
marrow, and
influences
protein fat and
carbohydrate
metabolism
Indications:
-treatment of
primary or
secondary
adrenal cortex
in sufficiency,
rheumatic
disorders,
collagen
diseases,
dermatologic
disease, allergic
states,
allergic and
inflammatory
ophthalmic
processes
respiratory
disease,
hematologic
disorders,
neoplastic
disease,
edematous
states,
multiple
sclerosis,
tuberculous
meningitis,
myocardial
involvement

Generic Name Action and Dosage and Contraindicatio Nursing


Brand Name Indication route n Indication
Generic name: Action: 500mg / 1tab BEFORE:
Inhibits protein Bid PO ~ Assess patient
Clarithromycin synthesis at for infection
the (vital signs;
Brand name: appearance of
level of the
wound, sputum,
(Biaxin)
50S urine, and
bacterial stool; WBC) at
Classification ribosome. beginning of
therapy.
anti-nfectives Indication: ~ Obtain
specimens for
anti-ulcer Treatment of culture and
the Lower sensitivity
respiratory before
tract initiating
infections therapy.
DURING:
including
~ Administer
pneumonia around the
clock, without
regard to
meals. Food
slows but does
not decrease the
extent of
absorption.
~ Instruct
patient to take
medication
around the clock
and to finish the
drug
completely as
directed, even
if feeling better.
AFTER:
~ Advise patient
to report the
signs of
superinfection
(black,
furry overgrowth
on the
tongue; vaginal
itching or
discharge; loose
or foulsmelling
stools).
~ Instruct the
patient to notify
health care
professional if
symptoms do
not improve
within a few
days.