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14/08/2015

LoadSharingwithBGPinSingleandMultihomedEnvironments:SampleConfigurationsCisco

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LoadSharingwithBGPinSingleandMultihomedEnvironments:Sample
Configurations
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Contents

SUPPORT
TECHNOLOGYSUPPORT
IP
LoadSharingwithBGPin
SingleandMultihomed
Environments:Sample
Configurations

Introduction
Prerequisites
Requirements
ComponentsUsed
Conventions
LoadSharingwiththeLoopbackAddressasaBGPNeighbor
NetworkDiagram
Configurations
Verify
Troubleshoot
LoadSharingWhenDualHomedtoOneInternetServiceProvider(ISP)
ThroughaSingleLocalRouter
NetworkDiagram
Configurations
Verify
Troubleshoot
LoadSharingWhenDualHomedtoOneISPThroughMultipleLocal
Routers
NetworkDiagram
Configurations
Verify
Troubleshoot
LoadSharingWhenMultihomedtoTwoISPsThroughaSingleLocal
Router
NetworkDiagram
Configurations
Verify
Troubleshoot
LoadSharingWhenMultihomedtoTwoISPsThroughMultipleLocal
Routers
NetworkDiagram
Configurations
Verify
Troubleshoot
RelatedInformation
RelatedCiscoSupportCommunityDiscussions

Introduction
Loadsharingallowsaroutertodistributetheoutgoingandincomingtrafficamongmultiplepaths.Thepaths
arederivedeitherstaticallyorwithdynamicprotocols,suchas:
RoutingInformationProtocol(RIP)
EnhancedInteriorGatewayRoutingProtocol(EIGRP)
OpenShortestPathFirst(OSPF)Protocol
InteriorGatewayRoutingProtocol(IGRP)
Bydefault,BorderGatewayProtocol(BGP)selectsonlyasinglebestpathanddoesnotperformload
balancing.ThisdocumentshowshowtoperformloadsharingindifferentscenarioswiththeuseofBGP.For
additionalinformationaboutloadbalancing,refertoHowDoesLoadBalancingWork?.

Prerequisites
Requirements
Ensurethatyoumeettheserequirementsbeforeyouattemptthisconfiguration:
KnowledgeofBGPBestPathSelectionAlgorithm
KnowledgeofConfiguringBGP

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ComponentsUsed
Thisdocumentisnotrestrictedtospecificsoftwareandhardwareversions.
Theinformationinthisdocumentwascreatedfromthedevicesinaspecificlabenvironment.Allofthe
devicesusedinthisdocumentstartedwithacleared(default)configuration.Ifyournetworkislive,makesure
thatyouunderstandthepotentialimpactofanycommand.

Conventions
RefertoCiscoTechnicalTipsConventionsformoreinformationondocumentconventions.

LoadSharingwiththeLoopbackAddressasaBGPNeighbor
Thisscenarioshowshowtoachieveloadsharingwhentherearemultiple(uptoamaximumofsix),equal
costlinks.Thelinksareterminatedinonerouteratalocalautonomoussystem(AS)andinanotherrouterat
aremoteASinasinglehomedBGPenvironment.TheNetworkDiagramservesasanexample.
Note:UsetheCommandLookupTool(registeredcustomersonly)tofindmoreinformationonthecommands
usedinthisdocument.

NetworkDiagram
Thissectionusesthisnetworksetup:

Configurations
Thissectionusestheseconfigurations:
RouterA
RouterB
RouterA
interfaceloopback0
ipaddress1.1.1.1255.255.255.0
interfaceserial0
ipaddress160.20.20.1255.255.255.0
noiproutecache

interfaceserial1
ipaddress150.10.10.1255.255.255.0
noiproutecache

routerbgp11
neighbor2.2.2.2remoteas10
neighbor2.2.2.2updatesourceloopback0
!UsetheIPaddressoftheloopbackinterfaceforTCPconnections.
neighbor2.2.2.2ebgpmultihop
!YoumustconfigureebgpmultihopwhenevertheexternalBGP(eBGP)
!connectionsarenotonthesamenetworkaddress.
routereigrp12
network1.0.0.0
network150.10.0.0
network160.20.0.0
noautosummary

RouterB
interfaceloopback0
ipaddress2.2.2.2255.255.255.0
interfaceserial0
ipaddress160.20.20.2255.255.255.0
noiproutecache
interfaceserial1
ipaddress150.10.10.2255.255.255.0
noiproutecache
routerbgp10
neighbor1.1.1.1remoteas11

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neighbor1.1.1.1updatesourceloopback0
!UsetheIPaddressoftheloopbackinterfaceforTCPconnections.
neighbor1.1.1.1ebgpmultihop
!YoumustconfigureebgpmultihopwhenevertheeBGPconnections
!arenotonthesamenetworkaddress.
routereigrp12
network2.0.0.0
network150.10.0.0
network160.20.0.0
noautosummary

Note:Youcanusestaticroutesintheplaceofaroutingprotocolinordertointroducetwoequalcostpaths
toreachthedestination.Inthiscase,theroutingprotocolisEIGRP.

Verify
Usethissectiontoconfirmthatyourconfigurationworksproperly.
TheOutputInterpreterTool(registeredcustomersonly)(OIT)supportscertainshowcommands.Usethe
OITtoviewananalysisofshowcommandoutput.
Theoutputoftheshowiproutecommandshowsthatbothofthepathstothe2.2.2.0networkarelearned
viaEIGRP.Theoutputofthetraceroutecommandindicatesthattheloadisdistributedbetweentwoserial
links.Inthisscenario,loadsharingoccursonaperpacketbasis.Youcanissuetheiproutecache
commandontheserialinterfacestodoloadsharingonaperdestinationbasis.Youcanalsoconfigureper
packetandperdestinationloadbalancingwithCiscoExpressForwarding.Formoreinformationonhowto
configureCiscoExpressForwarding,refertoConfiguringCiscoExpressForwarding.
RouterA#showiproute
!Outputsuppressed.
Gatewayoflastresortisnotset
1.0.0.0/24issubnetted,1subnets
C1.1.1.0isdirectlyconnected,Loopback0
2.0.0.0/24issubnetted,1subnets
D2.2.2.0[90/2297856]via150.10.10.2,00:00:45,Serial1
[90/2297856]via160.20.20.2,00:00:45,Serial0
160.20.0.0/24issubnetted,1subnets
C160.20.20.0isdirectlyconnected,Serial0
150.10.0.0/24issubnetted,1subnets
C150.10.10.0isdirectlyconnected,Serial1
RouterA#traceroute2.2.2.2
Typeescapesequencetoabort.
Tracingtherouteto2.2.2.2
1160.20.20.216msec
150.10.10.28msec*

Troubleshoot
Thereiscurrentlynospecifictroubleshootinginformationavailableforthisconfiguration.

LoadSharingWhenDualHomedtoOneInternetServiceProvider
(ISP)ThroughaSingleLocalRouter
ThisscenarioshowshowtoachieveloadsharingwhenmultiplelinksexistbetweenaremoteASandalocal
AS.TheselinksareterminatedinonerouteratthelocalASandonmultipleroutersatremoteASsina
singlehomedBGPenvironment.TheNetworkDiagramisanexampleofsuchanetwork.
Thissampleconfigurationusesthemaximumpathscommand.Bydefault,BGPchoosesonebestpath
amongthepossibleequalcostpathsthatarelearnedfromoneAS.However,youcanchangethemaximum
numberofparallelequalcostpathsthatareallowed.Inordertomakethischange,includethemaximum
pathspathscommandundertheBGPconfiguration.Useanumberbetween1and6forthepathsargument.

NetworkDiagram
Thissectionusesthisnetworksetup:

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Configurations
Thissectionusestheseconfigurations:
RouterA
RouterB
RouterC
RouterA
interfaceLoopback0
ipaddress1.1.1.1255.255.255.0
!
interfaceSerial0
ipaddress160.20.20.1255.255.255.0
!
!
interfaceSerial1
ipaddress150.10.10.1255.255.255.0
!
!
routerbgp11
neighbor160.20.20.2remoteas10
neighbor150.10.10.2remoteas10
network1.0.0.0
maximumpaths2
!Thiscommandspecifiesthemaximumnumberofpaths
!toinstallintheroutingtableforthespecificdestination.

RouterB
interfaceEthernet0
ipaddress2.2.2.1255.255.255.0
!
interfaceSerial0
ipaddress160.20.20.2255.255.255.0
!
!
routerbgp10
neighbor160.20.20.1remoteas11
network2.0.0.0
autosummary

RouterC
interfaceEthernet0
ipaddress2.2.2.2255.255.255.0
!
interfaceSerial1
ipaddress150.10.10.2255.255.255.0
!
!
routerbgp10
neighbor150.10.10.1remoteas11
network2.0.0.0
autosummary

Verify
Usethissectiontoconfirmthatyourconfigurationworksproperly.
TheOutputInterpreterTool(registeredcustomersonly)(OIT)supportscertainshowcommands.Usethe
OITtoviewananalysisofshowcommandoutput.
Theoutputoftheshowiproutecommandshowsthatbothofthepathstothe2.2.2.0networkarelearned
viaBGP.Theoutputofthetraceroutecommandindicatesthattheloadisdistributedbetweentwoserial
links.Inthisscenario,loadsharingoccursonaperdestinationbasis.Theshowipbgpcommandgivesthe
validentriesforthe2.0.0.0network.

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RouterA#showiproute
!Outputsuppressed.
Gatewayoflastresortisnotset
1.0.0.0/24issubnetted,1subnets
C1.1.1.0isdirectlyconnected,Loopback0
B2.0.0.0/8[20/0]via150.10.10.2,00:04:23
[20/0]via160.20.20.2,00:04:01
160.20.0.0/24issubnetted,1subnets
C160.20.20.0isdirectlyconnected,Serial0
150.10.0.0/24issubnetted,1subnets
C150.10.10.0isdirectlyconnected,Serial1

RouterA#traceroute2.2.2.2
Typeescapesequencetoabort.
Tracingtherouteto2.2.2.2
1160.20.20.216msec
150.10.10.28msec*
RouterA#showipbgp
BGPtableversionis3,localrouterIDis1.1.1.1
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete

Network
NextHop
MetricLocPrfWeightPath
*>1.0.0.0
0.0.0.0

0
32768i
*>2.0.0.0
160.20.20.20

0
10i
*150.10.10.20

0
10i

Troubleshoot
Thereiscurrentlynospecifictroubleshootinginformationavailableforthisconfiguration.

LoadSharingWhenDualHomedtoOneISPThroughMultipleLocal
Routers
ThisscenarioshowshowtoachieveloadsharingwhentherearemultipleconnectionstothesameISP
throughmultiplelocalrouters.ThetwoeBGPpeersareterminatedontwoseparatelocalrouters.Load
balancingonthetwolinksisnotpossiblebecauseBGPchoosesthesinglebestpathamongthenetworks
thatislearnedfromeBGPandinternalBGP(iBGP).LoadsharingamongthemultiplepathstoAS10isthe
nextbestoption.Withthistypeofloadsharing,traffictospecificnetworks,onthebasisofpredefined
policies,travelsthroughbothlinks.Additionally,eachlinkactsasabackuptotheotherlink,incaseonelink
fails.
Forsimplicity,assumethattheBGProutingpolicyforAS11is:
AS11acceptsthelocalroutesfromAS10,alongwithadefaultfortherestoftheInternetroutes.
Theoutboundtrafficpolicyis:
AlltrafficthatisdestinedtotheInternetfromR101goesoutthroughtheR101R103link.
IftheR101R103linkfails,thenalltraffictotheInternetfromR101goesthroughR102toAS
10.
Similarly,alltrafficthatisdestinedtotheInternetfromR102goesthroughtheR102R104link.
IftheR102R104linkfails,thenalltraffictotheInternetfromR102goesthroughR101toAS
10.
Theinboundtrafficpolicyis:
Trafficthatisdestinedfornetwork192.168.11.0/24fromtheInternetshouldcomefromthe
R103R101link.
Trafficthatisdestinedfornetwork192.168.12.0/24fromtheInternetshouldcomefromthe
R104R102link.
IfonelinktoAS10fails,thentheotherlinkshouldroutethetrafficthatisdestinedforall
networksbacktoAS11fromtheInternet.
Inordertoachievethis,192.168.11.0isannouncedfromR101toR103withashorterAS_PATHthanis
announcedfromR102toR104.AS10findsthebestpaththroughtheR103R101link.Similarly,
192.168.12.0isannouncedwithashorterpaththroughtheR102R104link.AS10preferstheR104R102
linkfortrafficthatisboundto192.168.12.0inAS11.
Foroutboundtraffic,BGPdeterminesthebestpathonthebasisofroutesthatarelearnedthrougheBGP.
TheseroutesarepreferabletorouteslearnedthroughiBGP.SoR101learns10.10.34.0fromR103through
eBGPandfromR102throughiBGP.Theexternalpathisselectedovertheinternalpath.So,ifyoulookat
theBGPtableintheR101configuration,theroutetoward10.10.34.0wouldbethroughtheR101R103link,
withnexthop10.10.13.3.OnR102,theroutetoward10.10.34.0wouldbethroughtheR102R104link,with
nexthop10.10.24.4.Thisachievesloadsharingfortrafficthatisdestinedto10.10.34.0.Similarreasoning
appliestothedefaultroutesonR101andR102.FormoreinformationonBGPpathselectioncriteria,refer
toBGPBestPathSelectionAlgorithm.

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NetworkDiagram
Thissectionusesthisnetworksetup:

Configurations
Thissectionusestheseconfigurations:
R101
R102
R103
R104
R101
hostnameR101
!
interfaceEthernet0/0
ipaddress192.168.11.1255.255.255.0secondary
ipaddress192.168.12.1255.255.255.0
!
interfaceSerial8/0
ipaddress10.10.13.1255.255.255.0
!
routerbgp11
nosynchronization
bgplogneighborchanges
network192.168.11.0
network192.168.12.0
neighbor10.10.13.3remoteas10
neighbor10.10.13.3routemapR101103MAPout
!TheAS_PATHisincreasedfor192.168.12.0.
neighbor192.168.12.2remoteas11
neighbor192.168.12.2nexthopself
maximumpaths2
noautosummary
!
accesslist1permit192.168.12.0
accesslist2permit192.168.11.0
routemapR101103MAPpermit10
matchipaddress1
setaspathprepend111111
!
routemapR101103MAPpermit20
matchipaddress2

R102
hostnameR102
!
interfaceEthernet0/0
ipaddress192.168.11.2255.255.255.0secondary
ipaddress192.168.12.2255.255.255.0

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!
interfaceSerial8/0
ipaddress10.10.24.2255.255.255.0
!
routerbgp11
nosynchronization
bgplogneighborchanges
network192.168.11.0
network192.168.12.0
neighbor10.10.24.4remoteas10
neighbor10.10.24.4routemapR102104MAPout
!TheAS_PATHisincreasedfor192.168.11.0.
neighbor192.168.12.1remoteas11
neighbor192.168.12.1nexthopself
noautosummary
!
accesslist1permit192.168.11.0
accesslist2permit192.168.12.0
routemapR102104MAPpermit10
matchipaddress1
setaspathprepend111111
!
routemapR102104MAPpermit20
matchipaddress2
!

R103
hostnameR103
!
interfaceEthernet0/0
ipaddress10.10.34.3255.255.255.0
!
interfaceSerial8/0
ipaddress10.10.13.3255.255.255.0
!
routerbgp10
nosynchronization
bgplogneighborchanges
network10.10.34.0mask255.255.255.0
neighbor10.10.13.1remoteas11
neighbor10.10.13.1defaultoriginate
neighbor10.10.34.4remoteas10
neighbor10.10.34.4nexthopself
noautosummary
!

R104
hostnameR104
!
interfaceEthernet0/0
ipaddress10.10.34.4255.255.255.0
!
interfaceSerial8/0
ipaddress10.10.24.4255.255.255.0
!
routerbgp10
nosynchronization
bgplogneighborchanges
neighbor10.10.24.2remoteas11
neighbor10.10.24.2defaultoriginate
neighbor10.10.34.3remoteas10
neighbor10.10.34.3nexthopself
noautosummary
!

Verify
Thissectionprovidesinformationyoucanusetoconfirmyourconfigurationisworkingproperly.
CertainshowcommandsaresupportedbytheOutputInterpreterTool(registeredcustomersonly),which
allowsyoutoviewananalysisofshowcommandoutput.
VerificationWhenBothLinksBetweenAS11andAS10AreUp
VerificationofOutboundTraffic
Note:Thegreaterthansign(>)intheshowipbgpcommandoutputrepresentsthebestpathtouseforthat
networkamongthepossiblepaths.RefertoBGPBestPathSelectionAlgorithmformoreinformation.
TheBGPtableinR101showsthatthebestpathforalloutgoingtraffictotheInternetisthroughtheR101
R103link.Theshowiproutecommandoutputconfirmstheroutesintheroutingtable.
R101#showipbgp

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BGPtableversionis5,localrouterIDis192.168.12.1
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
*i0.0.0.0192.168.12.2100010i
*>10.10.13.3010i
!ThisisthenexthopofR103.
*i10.10.34.0/24192.168.12.2100010i
*>10.10.13.30010i
!ThisisthenexthopofR103.
*i192.168.11.0192.168.12.201000i
*>0.0.0.0032768i
*i192.168.12.0192.168.12.201000i
*>0.0.0.0032768i
R101#showiproute
!Outputsuppressed.
Gatewayoflastresortis10.10.13.3tonetwork0.0.0.0
C192.168.12.0/24isdirectlyconnected,Ethernet0/0
C192.168.11.0/24isdirectlyconnected,Ethernet0/0
10.0.0.0/24issubnetted,2subnets
C10.10.13.0isdirectlyconnected,Serial8/0
B10.10.34.0[20/0]via10.10.13.3,00:08:53
!ThisisthenexthopofR103.
B*0.0.0.0/0[20/0]via10.10.13.3,00:08:53
!ThisisthenexthopofR103.

HerearetheBGPandroutingtablesforR102.Accordingtothepolicy,R102shouldrouteallthetrafficto
AS10throughtheR102R104link:
R102#showipbgp
BGPtableversionis7,localrouterIDis192.168.12.2
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
*>0.0.0.010.10.24.4010i
!ThisisthenexthopofR104.
*i192.168.12.1100010i
*>10.10.34.0/2410.10.24.4010i
!ThisisthenexthopofR104.
*i192.168.12.10100010i
*i192.168.11.0192.168.12.101000i
*>0.0.0.0032768i
*i192.168.12.0192.168.12.101000i
*>0.0.0.0032768i
R102#showiproute
!Outputsuppressed.
Gatewayoflastresortis10.10.24.4tonetwork0.0.0.0
C192.168.12.0/24isdirectlyconnected,Ethernet0/0
C192.168.11.0/24isdirectlyconnected,Ethernet0/0
10.0.0.0/24issubnetted,2subnets
C10.10.24.0isdirectlyconnected,Serial8/0
B10.10.34.0[20/0]via10.10.24.4,00:11:21
!ThisisthenexthopofR104.
B*0.0.0.0/0[20/0]via10.10.24.4,00:11:21
!ThisisthenexthopofR104.

VerificationofInboundTrafficfromAS10toAS11
Thenetworks192.168.11.0and192.168.12.0belongtoAS11.Accordingtothepolicy,AS11shouldprefer
theR103R101linkfortrafficthatisdestinedtonetwork192.168.11.0andtheR104R102linkfortrafficthat
isdestinedtonetwork192.168.12.0.
R103#showipbgp
BGPtableversionis4,localrouterIDis10.10.34.3
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
*>10.10.34.0/240.0.0.0032768i
*>192.168.11.010.10.13.10011i
!ThenexthopisR101.
*192.168.12.010.10.13.10011111111i
*>i10.10.34.40100011i
!ThenexthopisR104.

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R103#showiproute
!Outputsuppressed.
Gatewayoflastresortisnotset
B192.168.12.0/24[200/0]via10.10.34.4,00:04:46
!ThenexthopisR104.
B192.168.11.0/24[20/0]via10.10.13.1,00:04:46
!ThenexthopisR101.
10.0.0.0/24issubnetted,2subnets
C10.10.13.0isdirectlyconnected,Serial8/0
C10.10.34.0isdirectlyconnected,Ethernet0/0

Thebestpathfornetwork192.168.11.0onR103isthroughtheR103R101link,andthebestpathfor
network192.168.12.0isthroughR104toAS11.Inthiscase,theshortestpathlengthdeterminesthebest
path.
Similarly,onR104,theBGPandroutingtableresemblesthis:
R104#showipbgp
BGPtableversionis13,localrouterIDis10.10.34.4
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
*>i10.10.34.0/2410.10.34.301000i
*>i192.168.11.010.10.34.30100011i
*10.10.24.20011111111i
*>192.168.12.010.10.24.20011i
R104#showiproute
!Outputsuppressed.
Gatewayoflastresortisnotset
B192.168.12.0/24[20/0]via10.10.24.2,00:49:06
!ThenexthopisR102.
B192.168.11.0/24[200/0]via10.10.34.3,00:07:36
!ThenexthopisR103.
10.0.0.0/24issubnetted,2subnets
C10.10.24.0isdirectlyconnected,Serial8/0
C10.10.34.0isdirectlyconnected,Ethernet0/0

VerificationWhentheR101R103LinkFails
WhentheR101R103linkfails,alltrafficshouldreroutethroughR102.Thisdiagramillustratesthischange:

ShutdowntheR103R101linkonR103inordertosimulatethissituation.
R103(config)#interfaceserial8/0
R103(configif)#shutdown
*May100:52:33.379:%BGP5ADJCHANGE:neighbor10.10.13.1DownInterfaceflap
*May100:52:35.311:%LINK5CHANGED:InterfaceSerial8/0,changedstateto
administrativelydown

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*May100:52:36.127:%LINEPROTO5UPDOWN:LineprotocolonInterfaceSerial8/0,changed
statetodown

VerifytheoutboundroutetoAS10.
R101#showipbgp
BGPtableversionis17,localrouterIDis192.168.12.1
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
*>i0.0.0.0192.168.12.2100010i
!ThisisthenexthopofR102.
*>i10.10.34.0/24192.168.12.2100010i
!ThisisthenexthopofR102.
*i192.168.11.0192.168.12.201000i
*>0.0.0.0032768i
*i192.168.12.0192.168.12.201000i
*>0.0.0.0032768i
R101#showiproute
!Outputsuppressed.
Gatewayoflastresortis192.168.12.2tonetwork0.0.0.0
C192.168.12.0/24isdirectlyconnected,Ethernet0/0
C192.168.11.0/24isdirectlyconnected,Ethernet0/0
10.0.0.0/24issubnetted,1subnets
B10.10.34.0[200/0]via192.168.12.2,00:01:34
B*0.0.0.0/0[200/0]via192.168.12.2,00:01:34
!AlloutboundtrafficgoesthroughR102.

R102#showiproute
!Outputsuppressed.
Gatewayoflastresortis10.10.24.4tonetwork0.0.0.0
C192.168.12.0/24isdirectlyconnected,Ethernet0/0
C192.168.11.0/24isdirectlyconnected,Ethernet0/0
10.0.0.0/24issubnetted,2subnets
C10.10.24.0isdirectlyconnected,Serial8/0
B10.10.34.0[20/0]via10.10.24.4,00:13:22
B*0.0.0.0/0[20/0]via10.10.24.4,00:55:22
!AlloutboundtrafficonR102goesthroughR104.

VerifytheinboundtrafficroutewhenR101R103isdown.
R103#showipbgp
BGPtableversionis6,localrouterIDis10.10.34.3
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
*>10.10.34.0/240.0.0.0032768i
*>i192.168.11.010.10.34.40100011111111i
*>i192.168.12.010.10.34.40100011i
R103#showiproute
!Outputsuppressed.
Gatewayoflastresortisnotset
B192.168.12.0/24[200/0]via10.10.34.4,00:14:55
!ThenexthopisR104.
B192.168.11.0/24[200/0]via10.10.34.4,00:05:46
!ThenexthopisR104.
10.0.0.0/24issubnetted,1subnets
C10.10.34.0isdirectlyconnected,Ethernet0/0

OnR104,thetrafficfor192.168.11.0and192.168.12.0goesthroughtheR104R102link.
R104#showiproute
!Outputsuppressed.
Gatewayoflastresortisnotset
B192.168.12.0/24[20/0]via10.10.24.2,00:58:35
!ThenexthopisR102.
B192.168.11.0/24[20/0]via10.10.24.2,00:07:57
!ThenexthopisR102.
10.0.0.0/24issubnetted,2subnets
C10.10.24.0isdirectlyconnected,Serial8/0
C10.10.34.0isdirectlyconnected,Ethernet0/0

http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/bordergatewayprotocolbgp/1376240.html

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LoadSharingwithBGPinSingleandMultihomedEnvironments:SampleConfigurationsCisco

Troubleshoot
Thereiscurrentlynospecifictroubleshootinginformationavailableforthisconfiguration.

LoadSharingWhenMultihomedtoTwoISPsThroughaSingle
LocalRouter
Inthisscenario,loadbalancingisnotanoptioninamultihomedenvironment,soyoucanonlydoload
sharing.YoucannotdoloadbalancingbecauseBGPselectsonlyasinglebestpathtoadestinationamong
theBGProutesthatarelearnedfromthedifferentASs.Theideaistosetabettermetricfortheroutesin
therange1.0.0.0to128.0.0.0thatarelearnedfromISP(A)andabettermetricfortherestoftheroutesthat
arelearnedfromISP(B).TheNetworkDiagramisanexample.
RefertoSampleConfigurationforBGPwithTwoDifferentServiceProviders(Multihoming)foradditional
information.

NetworkDiagram
Thissectionusesthisnetworksetup:

Configurations
Thissectionusestheseconfigurations:
RouterA
RouterB
RouterC
RouterA
interfaceSerial0
ipaddress160.20.20.1255.255.255.0
noiproutecache

interfaceSerial1
ipaddress150.10.10.1255.255.255.0
noiproutecache

routerbgp11
neighbor160.20.20.2remoteas10
neighbor160.20.20.2routemapUPDATES1in
!Thisallowsonlythenetworksupto128.0.0.0.
neighbor150.10.10.2remoteas12
neighbor150.10.10.2routemapUPDATES2in
!Thisallowsanythingabovethe128.0.0.0network.
autosummary

routemapUPDATES1permit10
matchipaddress1
setweight100

routemapUPDATES1permit20
matchipaddress2

routemapUPDATES2permit10
matchipaddress1

routemapUPDATES2permit20
matchipaddress2
setweight100

accesslist1permit0.0.0.0127.255.255.255
accesslist2deny0.0.0.0127.255.255.255
accesslist2permitany

http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/bordergatewayprotocolbgp/1376240.html

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LoadSharingwithBGPinSingleandMultihomedEnvironments:SampleConfigurationsCisco
RouterB
interfaceLoopback0
ipaddress2.2.2.2255.255.255.0
intloopback1
ipaddress170.16.6.5255.255.255.0

interfaceSerial0
ipaddress160.20.20.2255.255.255.0
noiproutecache

routerbgp10
neighbor160.20.20.1remoteas11
network2.0.0.0
network170.16.0.0
autosummary

RouterC
interfaceLoopback0
ipaddress170.16.6.6255.255.255.0

interfaceLoopback1
ipaddress2.2.2.1255.255.255.0

interfaceSerial1
ipaddress150.10.10.2255.255.255.0
noiproutecache

routerbgp12
neighbor150.10.10.1remoteas11
network2.0.0.0
network170.16.0.0
autosummary

Verify
Usethissectiontoconfirmthatyourconfigurationworksproperly.
TheOutputInterpreterTool(registeredcustomersonly)(OIT)supportscertainshowcommands.Usethe
OITtoviewananalysisofshowcommandoutput.
Theoutputfromtheshowiproutecommandandtheoutputfromthetraceroutecommandshowthatany
networklowerthan128.0.0.0exitsRouterAthrough160.20.20.2.Thisrouteisthenexthopoutoftheserial
0interface.Therestofthenetworksexitthrough150.10.10.2,whichisthenexthopoutoftheserial1
interface.
RouterA#showiproute
!Outputsuppressed.
Gatewayoflastresortisnotset
B
170.16.0.0/16[20/0]via150.10.10.2,00:43:43
!Thisisthenexthopoutthroughserial1.
B
2.0.0.0/8[20/0]via160.20.20.2,00:43:43
!Thisisthenexthopoutthroughserial0.

160.20.0.0/24issubnetted,1subnets
C

160.20.20.0isdirectlyconnected,Serial0
150.10.0.0/24issubnetted,1subnets
C

150.10.10.0isdirectlyconnected,Serial1
RouterA#showipbgp
BGPtableversionis3,localrouterIDis160.20.20.1
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
*2.0.0.0150.10.10.20012i
*>160.20.20.2010010i
*170.16.0.0160.20.20.20010i
*>150.10.10.2010012i

RouterA#traceroute2.2.2.2
Typeescapesequencetoabort.
Tracingtherouteto2.2.2.2
1160.20.20.216msec*16msec
RouterA#traceroute170.16.6.6
Typeescapesequencetoabort.
Tracingtherouteto170.16.6.6
1150.10.10.24msec*4msec

Troubleshoot
http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/bordergatewayprotocolbgp/1376240.html

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14/08/2015

LoadSharingwithBGPinSingleandMultihomedEnvironments:SampleConfigurationsCisco
Thereiscurrentlynospecifictroubleshootinginformationavailableforthisconfiguration.

LoadSharingWhenMultihomedtoTwoISPsThroughMultiple
LocalRouters
LoadbalancingisnotpossibleinamultihomedenvironmentwithtwoISPs.BGPselectsonlythesinglebest
pathtoadestinationamongtheBGPpathsthatarelearnedfromdifferentASs,whichmakesloadbalancing
impossible.But,loadsharingispossibleinsuchmultihomedBGPnetworks.Onthebasisofpredetermined
policies,trafficflowiscontrolledwithdifferentBGPattributes.
Thissectiondiscussesthemultihomingconfigurationthathasthemostfrequentuse.Theconfiguration
showshowtoachieveloadsharing.SeetheNetworkDiagram,inwhichthemultihomeofAS100achieves
reliabilityandloadsharing.
Note:TheIPaddressesinthisexamplefollowRFC1918
notroutableontheInternet.

standardsforPrivateAddressSpaceandare

Forsimplicity,assumethattheBGProutingpolicyforAS100is:
AS100acceptsthelocalroutesfrombothproviders,alongwithadefaultfortherestoftheInternet
routes.
Theoutboundtrafficpolicyis:
TrafficthatisdestinedtoAS300goesthroughtheR1ISP(A)link.
TrafficthatisdestinedtoAS400goesthroughtheR2ISP(B)link.
Allothertrafficshouldpreferdefaultroute0.0.0.0throughtheR1ISP(A)link.
IftheR1ISP(A)linkfails,alltrafficshouldgothroughtheR2ISP(B)link.
Theinboundtrafficpolicyis:
Trafficthatisdestinedfornetwork10.10.10.0/24fromtheInternetshouldcomefromthe
ISP(A)R1link.
Trafficthatisdestinedfornetwork10.10.20.0/24fromtheInternetshouldcomefromthe
ISP(B)R2link.
IfoneISPfails,theotherISPshouldroutetrafficbacktoAS100fromtheInternetforallthe
networks.

NetworkDiagram
Thissectionusesthisnetworksetup:

Configurations
Thissectionusestheseconfigurations:
R2
R1
R2
interfaceEthernet0
ipaddress192.168.21.2255.255.255.0
!
interfaceSerial0
ipaddress192.168.42.2255.255.255.0
routerbgp100
nosynchronization
bgplogneighborchanges

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LoadSharingwithBGPinSingleandMultihomedEnvironments:SampleConfigurationsCisco
!ThenexttwolinesannouncethenetworkstoBGPpeers.
network10.10.10.0mask255.255.255.0
network10.10.20.0mask255.255.255.0
!ThenextlineconfiguresiBGPonR1.

neighbor192.168.21.1remoteas100
neighbor192.168.21.1nexthopself
!ThenextlineconfigureseBGPwithISP(B).

neighbor192.168.42.4remoteas400
!Thisistheincomingpolicyroutemapfortheapplication
!ofattributestospecificroutes.

neighbor192.168.42.4routemapAS400INCOMINGin
!Thisistheoutgoingpolicyroutemapfortheapplication
!ofattributestospecificroutes.

neighbor192.168.42.4routemapAS400OUTGOINGout
noautosummary
!
!
!ThislinesetstheASpathaccesslist.
!Thelinepermitsallrouteswithintheroutingdomainoftheprovider.
ipaspathaccesslist1permit^400$
!
!Thesetwolinessettheaccesslist.

accesslist10permit10.10.10.00.0.0.255
accesslist20permit10.10.20.00.0.0.255
!ThenextthreelinesconfigureLOCAL_PREFforroutes
!thatmatchASpathaccesslist1.

routemapAS400INCOMINGpermit10
matchaspath1
setlocalpreference150
!Here,theroutemapprependsAS100toBGPupdatesfornetworks
!thatarepermittedbyaccesslist10.

routemapAS400OUTGOINGpermit10
matchipaddress10
setaspathprepend100
!Thislineannouncesthenetworkthatispermittedby
!accesslist20withoutanychangesinBGPattributes.

routemapAS400OUTGOINGpermit20
matchipaddress20

R1
interfaceSerial0/0
ipaddress192.168.31.1255.255.255.0
!
interfaceEthernet1/0
ipaddress192.168.21.1255.255.255.0
!
routerbgp100
nosynchronization
bgplogneighborchanges
network10.10.10.0mask255.255.255.0
network10.10.20.0mask255.255.255.0

!IBGPpeeringwithR2
neighbor192.168.21.2remoteas100
neighbor192.168.21.2nexthopself
!
!ThislinesetseBGPpeeringwithISP(A).

neighbor192.168.31.3remoteas300
!
!Thisistheincomingpolicyroutemapfortheapplication
!ofattributestospecificroutes.

neighbor192.168.31.3routemapAS300INCOMINGin
!
!Thisistheoutgoingpolicyroutemapfortheapplication
!ofattributestospecificroutes.

neighbor192.168.31.3routemapAS300OUTGOINGout
noautosummary

!ThislinesetstheASpathaccesslist.

http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/bordergatewayprotocolbgp/1376240.html

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LoadSharingwithBGPinSingleandMultihomedEnvironments:SampleConfigurationsCisco
!Thelinepermitsallrouteswithintheroutingdomainoftheprovider.
ipaspathaccesslist1permit^300$
!
!ThesetwolinessettheIPaccesslist.
accesslist10permit10.10.20.00.0.0.255
accesslist20permit10.10.10.00.0.0.255
!ThenextthreelinesconfigureLOCAL_PREFforroutesthatmatch
!ASpathaccesslist1.

routemapAS300INCOMINGpermit10
matchaspath1
setlocalpreference200
!
!Here,theroutemapprependsAS100toBGPupdatesfornetworks
!thatarepermittedbyaccesslist10.

routemapAS300OUTGOINGpermit10
matchipaddress10
setaspathprepend100
!
!Thislineannouncesthenetworkthatispermitted
!byaccesslist20withoutanychangesinBGPattributes.

routemapAS300OUTGOINGpermit20
matchipaddress20
!

Verify
Usethissectiontoconfirmthatyourconfigurationworksproperly.
TheOutputInterpreterTool(registeredcustomersonly)(OIT)supportscertainshowcommands.Usethe
OITtoviewananalysisofshowcommandoutput.
Issuetheshowipbgpcommandinordertoverifythattheoutbound/inboundpolicyworks.
Note:Thegreaterthansign(>)intheshowipbgpoutputrepresentsthebestpathtouseforthatnetwork
amongthepossiblepaths.RefertoBGPBestPathSelectionAlgorithmformoreinformation.
R1#showipbgp
BGPtableversionis6,localrouterIDis192.168.31.1
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
BGPtableversionis6,localrouterIDis192.168.31.1
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
*>0.0.0.0192.168.31.32000300i
!Thislineshowsthatthedefaultroute0.0.0.0/0ispreferred
!throughAS300,ISP(A).
*i10.10.10.0/24192.168.21.201000i
*>0.0.0.0032768i
*i10.10.20.0/24192.168.21.201000i
*>0.0.0.0032768i
*>30.30.30.0/24192.168.31.302000300i
*>i40.40.40.0/24192.168.21.201500400i
!Theroutetonetwork30.30.30.0/24(AS300)ispreferred
!throughtheR1ISP(A)link.
!Theroutetonetwork40.40.40.0/24(AS400)ispreferred
!throughtheR2ISP(B)link.

Now,lookattheshowipbgpoutputonR2:
R2#showipbgp
BGPtableversionis8,localrouterIDis192.168.42.2
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
*0.0.0.0192.168.42.41500400i
*>i192.168.21.12000300i
!Thislineshowsthatthedefaultroute0.0.0.0/0ispreferred
!throughAS300,throughtheR2ISP(B)link.
*>10.10.10.0/240.0.0.0032768i
*i192.168.21.101000i
*>10.10.20.0/240.0.0.0032768i
*i192.168.21.101000i
*>i30.30.30.0/24192.168.21.102000300i

http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/bordergatewayprotocolbgp/1376240.html

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LoadSharingwithBGPinSingleandMultihomedEnvironments:SampleConfigurationsCisco
*>40.40.40.0/24192.168.42.401500400i
!Theroutetonetwork30.30.30.0/24(AS300)ispreferred
!throughtheR1ISP(A)link.
!Theroutetonetwork40.40.40.0/24(AS400)ispreferred
!throughtheR2ISP(B)link.

IssuetheshowipbgpcommandonRouter6inordertoobservetheinboundpolicyfornetworks
10.10.10.0/24and10.10.20.0/24:
R6#showipbgp
BGPtableversionis15,localrouterIDis192.168.64.6
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
*>10.10.10.0/24192.168.63.30300100100i
!Thislineshowsthatnetwork10.10.10.0/24isroutedthroughAS300
!withtheISP(A)R1link.
*192.168.64.40400100100100i
*10.10.20.0/24192.168.63.30300100100i
*>192.168.64.40400100i
!Thislineshowsthatnetwork10.10.20.0/24isroutedthroughAS400
!withtheISP(B)R2link.
*>30.30.30.0/24192.168.63.300300i
*>40.40.40.0/24192.168.64.400400i

ShutdowntheR1ISP(A)linkonR1andobservetheBGPtable.ExpectalltraffictotheInternettobe
routedthroughtheR2ISP(B)link:
R1(config)#interfaceserial0/0
R1(configif)#shutdown

*May219:00:47.377:%BGP5ADJCHANGE:neighbor192.168.31.3DownInterfaceflap
*May219:00:48.277:%LINK5CHANGED:InterfaceSerial0/0,changedstateto
administrativelydown
*May2312:00:51.255:%LINEPROTO5UPDOWN:LineprotocolonInterfaceSerial0,changed
statetodown
R1#showipbgp
BGPtableversionis12,localrouterIDis192.168.31.1
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
*>i0.0.0.0192.168.21.21500400i
!ThebestdefaultpathisnowthroughtheR2ISP(B)link.
*i10.10.10.0/24192.168.21.201000i
*>0.0.0.0032768i
*i10.10.20.0/24192.168.21.201000i
*>0.0.0.0032768i
*>i40.40.40.0/24192.168.21.201500400i
R2#showipbgp
BGPtableversionis14,localrouterIDis192.168.42.2
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
*>0.0.0.0192.168.42.41500400i
!ThebestdefaultrouteisnowthroughISP(B)witha
!localpreferenceof150.
*i10.10.10.0/24192.168.21.101000i
*>0.0.0.0032768i
*i10.10.20.0/24192.168.21.101000i
*>0.0.0.0032768i
*>40.40.40.0/24192.168.42.401500400i

Lookattheroutefornetwork10.10.10.0/24inRouter6:
R6#showipbgp
BGPtableversionis14,localrouterIDis192.168.64.6
Statuscodes:ssuppressed,ddamped,hhistory,*valid,>best,iinternal
Origincodes:iIGP,eEGP,?incomplete
NetworkNextHopMetricLocPrfWeightPath
*>10.10.10.0/24192.168.64.40400100100i
!Network10.10.10.0isreachablethroughISP(B),whichannounced
!thenetworkwithASpathprepend.

*>10.10.20.0/24192.168.64.40400100i
*>30.30.30.0/24192.168.63.300300i
*>40.40.40.0/24192.168.64.400400i

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LoadSharingwithBGPinSingleandMultihomedEnvironments:SampleConfigurationsCisco

Troubleshoot
Thereiscurrentlynospecifictroubleshootinginformationavailableforthisconfiguration.

RelatedInformation
BGPMultihoming:DesignandTroubleshootingVideofromliveWebcast
BGPMultihoming:DesignandTroubleshootingQuestionsandAnswersfromliveWebcast
HowDoesLoadBalancingWork?
SampleConfigurationforBGPwithTwoDifferentServiceProviders(Multihoming)
HowBGPRoutersUsetheMultiExitDiscriminatorforBestPathSelection
BGPTechnologySupportPage
IPRoutingTechnologySupportPage
TechnicalSupport&DocumentationCiscoSystems

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RefertoCiscoTechnicalTipsConventionsforinformationonconventionsusedinthisdocument.

Updated:Aug23,2005

DocumentID:13762

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