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Juan Bautista

Luis Montiel

Manuel Coln

GEOGRAPHY
Russia is a country in northern Eurasia.
It is a federal semi-presidential republic.
Russia is also the world's ninth most
populous nation

HISTORY
Russia have had many types of
power, but the most famous was
the Union soviet created in 1922
after of first world war because in
the
country
had
various
economics problems.

The Union Soviet was


established
after of civil war in 1917

They fought in the World War II (Main All) with


Stalin like president because Lenin died.
After of second war they had part of Germany

The Union Soviet


disappeared in
December of 1991 and
the policy was
established in
Capitalism.
In 2015 the president

of Russian Federation
is Vladimir Putin

Russia is an emergent market economy like


Brazil, China and South Africa
Russia has like principal market to European
Union

The economy is based in their natural


resources, particularly oil and natural gas.
The army forces is the second in the world
behind of USA
The GDP is the 15th in the world

Rich cultural
heritage and
great natural
variety place
Russia among
the most
popular tourist
destinations in
the world.

The Church of the Veil of Holy


Virgin on Kizhi island

The country contains 23


UNESCO World Heritage
Sites, while many more are
on UNESCO's tentative lists.

St Basil's Cathedral
in Moscow

Major tourist routes in


Russia include a
travel around the
Golden Ring of
ancient cities, cruises
on the big rivers
including the Volga,
and long journeys on
the famous TransSiberian Railway.

Russia is the ninth most visited country in


the world and the seventh most visited in
Europe.

Kremlin

Tourists to Russia are


required to purchase a
visa, in addition to
having a valid passport.
Visas cannot be
purchased at the
border, and once at the
border must be
presented with other
relevant documents.

Russian vodka and


caviar are among
the food that attracts
foreigners, along
with honey, blini,
pelmeni, borsch
(Ukrainian in origin)
and other products
and dishes of
Russian cuisine.

* Selyodka

* Kotlety

Layers of grated boiled


vegetables (potatoes, carrots),
chopped onions, grated boiled
eggs and mayonnaise. Some
variations of this dish include a
layer of fresh grated apple.

Is a popular breaded cutlet dish


of boneless chicken breast
pounded and rolled around cold
garlic butter with herbs, then
breaded and either fried or
baked.

* Caviar

* Borsch

Caviar is a delicacy consisting


of salt-cured fish-eggs of the
Acipenseridae family.

Tomato is used as the main


ingredient.
Potatoes and cabbage are standard.
Green spinach could be substituted
for the cabbage.

* Vatrushka

* Okroshka

Vatrushkas are typically baked


using a sweet yeast bread dough
pastry, but also are made using
unsweetened dough, with onion
added to the filling.

The classic soup is a mix of


mostly raw vegetables (like
cucumbers, radishes and spring
onions), boiled potatoes, eggs,
and a cooked meat such as beef,
veal, sausages, or ham.

* Vodka

* Kvas

Is a distilled
beverage composed
primarily of water and
ethanol, sometimes
with traces of
impurities and
flavorings.
Traditionally, vodka is
made by the
distillation of
fermented cereal
grains or potatoes,
though some modern
brands use other
substances, such as
fruits or sugar.

The kvass is made with rye


flour and malt or with bran
flour, a little rye bread (black
bread) and apples, to this
mixture is left to ferment in
water. Often usually given a
fruity flavor and during fruit are
added.

In the 19th and 20th centuries


the country produced a large
number of notable scientists,
making important contributions
into:
* Physics
* Astronomy
* Mathematics
* Computing
* Chemistry
* Biology
* Geology
* Geography

* Chemistry

* Physics

Dmitry Mendeleev invented


the Periodic table, that is the
main framework of the
modern chemistry.

Georgiy Gamov proposed the


theory of the alpha decay of a
nucleus via tunnelling (1928)
and was an author of Big Bang
theory.
Dmitri Ivanenko was the first
to propose the protonneutron model of atomic
nuclei (1932) and nuclear
shell model (1932).

* Biology

* Nuclear

Dmitry Ivanovsky discovered


viruses (1892).

The creation of the first


nuclear power plant along
with the first nuclear reactors
for submarines and surface
ships was directed by Igor
Kurchatov.

Nikolai Lunin discovered


vitamins (1881).

* Computing
Sergei Lebedev developed
one of the first universally
programmable computers in
continental Europe in 1950,
MESM.
The first ternary computer
Setun was developed by
Nikolay Brusentsov, together
with Sergei Sobolev in 1958.

* Space technology
In 1957 the first Earthorbiting artificial satellite,
Sputnik 1, was launched.
In 1961 the first human trip
into space was successfully
made by Yury Gagarin.
The first spacewalk
performed by Alexey Leonov,
the first space exploration
rover Lunokhod-1
The first space station Salyut
1.

Maslenitsa
It is a pre-Lenten custom, similar to Carnival.

Big stacks of pancakes, called Blini, are


cooked.
A representation of
Maslenitsa is burned in a bonfire.

Christmas and New Years Eve


Celebrated on January 7th, according to the Orthodox calendar.
New Years Day, January 1st, is celebrated as a more important
holiday.
Because more Russians are returning to Russian Orthodoxy, there
are more people celebrating Christmas.

The Russian Santa Claus is named, Ded Moroz,


or Father Frost. One main difference is
that Ded Moroz delivers gifts on New Year Eve.

Victory Day
This holiday celebrates the end of World
War II and Russias victory in that war
Celebrated on May 9th.
Its events include parades, fireworks and
military displays. The most important is
the military display held on Red Square.

* Russian Orthodox (41%)


* Muslim (6.5%)
* Unaffiliated Christian (4.1%)
* Other Orthodox (1.5%)
* Neopagan and Tengrist (1.2%)
* Tibetan Buddhist (0.5%)
* Spiritual but not religious (25%)
* Atheist and non-religious (13%)
* Undecided (5.5%)

Russia was ranked 136th by Transparency


International
in
its
2014
Corruption
Perception Index. (Mexico was ranked 103th)
Most public contracts, services and purchases
done for government enterprises involve
bribes. One direct consequence is the
increase in water, gas and electricity prices.

Reasons for corruption

*Gaps

in the Russian legislation. Russian


laws dont define very well corruption.
*Russias judicial system is highly
dependent on the government. Official
who are convicted of accepting bribes
rarely receive severe sentences.
*Mass media is also dependent of the
government.
*Absence of political competition.

Effects of corruption

*Inflation
*Less efficient competition
*Decrease of foreign companies

interested in doing business in Russia

*Slow GDP growth.

Fight against corruption


Russian government developed a National
Anticorruption Plan for 2012-2013.
Officials must provide information on
income, assets and property obligations
of them and their family members.

This policies have proven to be


unsuccessful: there are more conviction
of people who paid bribes than of
officials who took them.