math1113 test 3 practice

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math1113 test 3 practice

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You are on page 1of 10

1

(cos 2 x)

cos 2 x

1

2. Simplify

sec 2

csc 2

1

sec 2 2

csc

1

sin 2

2

cos

sin 2

cos 2

tan 2

= cot 2 x(1 cos 2 x)

cos 2 x

(sin 2 x)

2

sin x

cos 2 x

4. Simplify

1

1

sec x 1 sec x 1

sec x 1

sec x 1

sec x 1 (sec x 1)

sec 2 x 1

2

tan 2 x

2 cot 2 x

cos( )

sec tan

1 sin( )

cos( )

1 sin( )

cos

1 sin

cos (1 sin )

cos (1 sin )

1 sin 2

cos (1 sin )

cos 2

1 sin

cos

1

sin

cos cos

sec tan

cos 4 x sin 4 x

(cos 2 x sin 2 x)(cos 2 x sin 2 x)

(1)(cos 2 x sin 2 x)

cos 2 x sin 2 x

(1 sin 2 x) sin 2 x

1 2sin 2 x

7. Find all solutions in the interval [0, 360)

1

(a) cos x

2

The cosine is negative in QII and QIII and we know cos 60

the solutions

60

60

1

so use the following picture for

2

The angle must be measured counterclockwise from the positive x-axis and be less then one full

circle, so x 180 60 120 or x 180 60 240 .

x 120, 240

(b) sin x

3

2

3

so use the following picture for the

2

solutions

60

60

The angle must be measured counterclockwise from the positive x-axis and be less then one full

circle, so x 60 or x 180 60 120 .

x 60,120

2

(c) 1 2 cos x sin x

First use the identity sin 2 x 1 cos 2 x 1 2 cos x 1 cos 2 x

Now solve for cos x as you would solve a quadratic equation

cos 2 x 2 cos x 0

cos x(cos x 2) 0

cos x 0 or cos x 2

cos x = 2 has no solution

cos

We know

x 90, 270

8. Solve cos 4 x

3

2

3

so use the following picture for

2

the solutions for 4x. (Since we are finding all solutions we may measure the angles any way we

choose. For instance we could use 30 and 330.) We also need to add multiples of 360 to

these solutions

The cosine is positive in QI and QIV and we know cos 30

30

30

4 x 30 n360 or 4 x 30 n360

30 n360

30 n360

x

or x

4

4

4

4

x 7.5 n90 or x 7.5 n90

9. Using sum or difference formulas find exact values without using a calculator.

(a) tan 15

(b) sin 105

(c) cos 75

cos(30 45)

sin(60

45

)

tan(60 45)

sin 60 cos 45 cos 60 sin 45 cos 30 cos 45 sin 30 sin 45

tan 60 tan 45

3 2 1 2

3 2 1 2

1 tan 60 tan 45

2

2 2 2

2 2 2 2

3 1

6 2

6 2

1 3

4

4

10. Write as the sine or cosine of an angle

(a) cos 60 cos 20 + sin60 sin20

Use cos(u v) cos u cos v sin u sin v

cos(60 20)

cos 40

Use sin(u v) sin u cos v cos u sin v

sin(37 13)

sin 24

1

11. Evaluate tan(cos

4

5

sin 1 )

5

13

1

= tan(u v) , where u cos

4

1 5

and v sin

5

13

5

u

13

3

v

tan(u v)

5

12

tan u tan v

1 tan u tan v

3 5

4 12

3 5

1

4 12

3 5

4 12

5

1

16

3 5

48( )

4 12

5

48(1 )

16

36 20

48 15

56

33

12. Find all solutions in the interval [0, 360): sin 2 x sin x 0

2sin x cos x sin x 0

sin x(2 cos x 1) 0

sin x 0 or 2 cos x 1

1

sin x 0 or cos x

2

From a unit circle diagram: x 0,180,120, 240

3

5

3

cos 2u 1 2( ) 2

5

9

1 2( )

25

18

1

25

7

25

14. Use a half angle formula to find cos 105

u

1 cos u

Use cos

with u 210 . Use the sign because cos 105 is negative.

2

2

210

1 cos 210

cos

2

2

1 (

3

)

2

2

3

2

1

2

3

)

2

2(2)

2(1

2 3

4

2 3

2

15. Solve the triangle if A 28.6, C 79.3 and b 12.3 Round answers to three decimal

places.

C

79.3

12.33

AC

28.6

c

B 72.1

b

a

sin B sin A

12.3

a

a sin 72.1 12.3sin 28.6

12.3sin 28.6

a

sin 72.1

a 6.187

b

c

sin B sin C

12.3

c

a sin 72.1 12.3sin 79.3

12.3sin 79.3

c

sin 72.1

c 12.701

16. Solve the triangle if A 30, a 8 and b 12 Round answers to three decimal places.

Note that this is the ambiguous case, so we will find the height of the triangle to determine how

C

many solutions.

12

30

c

h

12

h 12sin 30

h6

Because h a b there are two solutions

b

a

Find B using

:

sin B sin A

12

8

sin B sin 30

8sin B 12sin 30

12sin 30

sin B

8

sin B .75

One solution is B sin 1 .75 48.590377 . Note that to ensure accuracy use three more decimal

places in calculations than you use in answers.

Find h: sin 30

48.59

48.59

B 48.59

Find C:

C 180 48.590377 30 101.409623

C 101.41

c

a

Find c using

:

sin C sin A

c

8

sin101.409623 sin 30

B 131.41

C 180 131.409623 30 18.590377

C 18.590

c

8

sin18.590377 sin 30

8

c sin101.409623

sin 30

c 15.684

11. Find the area of the triangle if C 30, a 6 and b 11

1

Use A ab sin C

2

1

A (6)(11)sin 30 16.5

2

8

c sin18.590377

sin 30

c 5.101

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