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Jazz

Jazz is a musical art form which originated at the beginning of the


20th century in African American communities in the Southern
United States from a confluence
of African and European music traditions. It is the most
significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and
one of the most outstanding contribution the United States has made
to the art of music.

The origin of jazz actually started out in the later years of the 19th
century

and this was derived from the work songs of the blacks, their sorrow
songs, their field shouts, their hymns and their spiritual songs

, the melodic, rhythmic and harmonic elements of which were seen to


have been dominated by African influence.

However, because it was seen as a music genre that was improvisational,


emotional and spontaneous in nature and because it was mainly
associated with the blacks, jazz did not garner the level of recognition that
it deserved.

It was the European audiences that showed warmer reception to jazz,


making the jazz musicians of America go to this country to work on their
trade. Jazz only gained a wider audience when adaptations or imitations of
it were made by white orchestras. It was in the later part of the 1930's
when it was known to have become a legitimate entertainment and this
was when Benny Goodman initiated concerts at the Carnegie hall of
groups having mixed racial origins.

Jazz is generally thought to have begun in New Orleans, spreading to


Chicago, Kansas City, New York City, and the West Coast. The blues, vocal
and instrumental, was and is a vital component of jazz.

Jazz

Influence
• folk, blues, negrospiritual, ragtime and classic music.
The African's traditional, strong rhythmic and dance

1860’s-1900 ‘s
Blues and ragtime
Blues:

Based on
A 5 tone scale
+ later another note added
= the blue note
àimportant roll in the blues.

Ragtime
• The musicians in the bars and brothels
inspired by “plantation singing”
• heavily syncopated rhythm.
jazz band existed out of: a trumpet, a trombone, a clarinet, a piano, a banjo, a contrabass and a
rhythm section.
New Orleans & Dixieland
10-30’s
First àAfro-American Orchestras in New Orleans
Later àOriginal Dixieland JaSS Band

Bebop
‘40s

Dizzy Gillespie
John Coltrane
Charles Mingus

Cool jazz

Fat Freddy's Drop Biography


Formed in 2001 in Wellington, New Zealand, the line-up of Fat Freddy's
Drop is drawn from varying musical backgrounds. Comprising Joe Dukie
(b. Dallas Tamaira, New Zealand; vocals), Dobie Blaze (b. Iain Gordon,
New Zealand; keyboard), Tony Chang (b. Toby Laing, New Zealand;
trumpet/flügelhorn), Ho Pepa (b. Joseph Lindsay, New Zealand;
trombone/tuba), Fulla Flash (b. Warryn Maxwell, New Zealand;
saxophone), Jetlag Johnson (b. Tehimana Kerr, New Zealand; guitar) and
DJ Fitchie (b. Chris Faimu, New Zealand; turntables), the band steadily
built a strong fanbase in their home country purely through prolific
touring. Their laid back music is predominantly dub reggae blended with a
strong element of smooth soul, stemming mainly from Dukie's soft vocals,
which have drawn comparisons to Bill Withers. They blend this with
elements of funk, jazz, hip-hop and dance to create a modern and original
sound.

Viewing themselves primarily as a live act, the band's only album release
before 2005 was a recording of one of their intimate, highly rated
performances, Live At The Matterhorn in 2001 on their own label The
Drop. The self-financed set sold remarkably well considering its lack of
publicity and the fact that it was self-financed by the band. Their studio
album, Based On A True Story, was released in May 2005, also on their
own label, and went straight to number 1 on the New Zealand album
chart. Publicity was again minimal, and word of mouth alone had
generated the band a substantial following, which increasingly included
fans overseas. The album was received extremely well by critics
internationally. The hypnotic "Dark Days", the funk-influenced "Wandering
Eye", and the soulful "Hope" represented some of the highlights of a
captivating record, demonstrating a successful transition from stage to
studio.

Lamb
Lamb is een Britse band, opgericht in 1994 door producent Andrew
Barlow en zangeres Louise Rhodes. Lamb produceert muziek in
het triphop genre. Lamb kreeg vrijwel direct bekendheid met de komst
van de eerste single Cotton Wool in 1996. Lamb heeft invloeden
overgenomen vanuit jazz, jungle, drum & bass en het downtempo genre.
Lamb had een zeer sterke live-reputatie en heeft enkele keren op Rock
Werchter en Pukkelpop gespeeld. De band is in 2004 uit elkaar gegaan.
Interne bronnen beweren dat de Belgische Geike Arnaert toen gevraagd is
om de zangeres van Lamb te worden, maar zij zou er toen voor gekozen
hebben om bij Hooverphonic te blijven. Andy en Lou werken nu elk aan
hun eigen projecten. Voor Andy is dit een nieuwe band, Hoof genaamd en
voor Lou haar eerste soloalbum Beloved One, uitgebracht door haar eigen
label, Infinite Bloom Recordings.

De bekendste hits van Lamb zijn 'Gabriel' en 'Gorecki'. 'Gorecki' is


geschreven door zangeres Louise Rhodes nadat ze was geïnspireerd door
de 3de symfonie van de Poolse componistHenryk Górecki, en is dan ook
naar hem genoemd.

In de zomer van 2009 staat er na de break van enkele jaren weer een
tour gepland langs verschillende Europese festivals. Onder andere Raw
Rhythm en Feest in het Park staan op het programma.