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circuit

ideas

Telephone call recorder edi


s.c. dwiv

 Alizishaan Khatri
edge of standard telephone wiring and
a stereo plug.

T
oday telephone has become In India, landline telephones pri- sette player, CD player, DVD player,
an integral part of our lives. marily use RJ11 wiring, which has etc. Here we shall be connecting it to
It is the most widely used two wires—tip and ring. While tip is a computer.
communication device in the world. the positive wire, ring is the negative When a call comes in, around 90V
Owing to its immense popularity and one. And together they complete the AC current at 20Hz is superimposed
over the DC voltage already present in
the idle line. This current is converted
into DC by the diodes and fed to resis-
tor R1, which reduces its magnitude
and feeds it to LED1. The current is
further reduced in magnitude by the
resistor R2 and fed to the right and
left channels of the stereo jack, which
are connected to the AUX IN port of a
computer.
Any audio recording software,
Fig. 1: Call recorder circuit
such as AVS audio recorder (available
at: http://www.avs4you.com/AVS-
Audio-Recorder.aspx), Audacity audio
telephone circuit. In a telephone line, recorder (http://audacity.sourceforge.
voltage between tip and ring is around net/), or audio recorder (http://www.
48V DC when handset is on the cradle audio-tool.net/audio_recorder_for
(idle line). In order to ring the phone _free.html), can be used to record the
for an incoming call, a 20Hz AC cur- call. When a call comes in, one needs
rent of around 90V is superimposed to launch the audio recording software
over the DC voltage already present in and start recording.
the idle line. For phone recording, simply con-
Fig. 2: Pin configuration of stereo jack The negative wire from the phone nect the stereo jack to the AUX IN
line goes to IN1, while the posi- port of the PC. Install the audacity
tive wire goes to audio recorder (different versions are
IN2. Further, the available for free for different op-
negative wire from erating systems at http://audacity.
OUT1 and the posi- sourceforge.net/) on your PC. Run
tive wire from OUT2 the executable audacity file. In the
are connected to the main window, you will find a drop-
phone. All the resis- down box in the top right corner.
tors used are 0.25W From this box, select the AUX option.
Fig. 3: RJ connector carbon film resistors Now you are ready to record any call.
and all the capaci- As soon as a call comes in, press the
widespread use, there arises a need for tors used are rated for 250V or more. record button found in the audacity
call recording devices, which find ap- The negative terminal of ‘To AUX IN’ main window and then pick up the
plication in call centres, stock broking is connected to pin 1 of the stereo jack telephone receiver and answer the
firms, police, offices, homes, etc. while the positive terminal is con- call. Press the stop button once the
Here we are describing a call re- nected to pins 2 and 3 of the stereo call ends. Now go to the file menu and
corder that uses very few components. jack. This stereo jack, in turn, is con- select the ‘Export as WAV’ option and
But in order to understand its working, nected to the AUX IN of any recording save the file in a desired location.
one must first have the basic knowl- device, such as computer, audio cas- You may change the value of resis-

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circuit
ideas
tor R2 if you want to change the output general-purpose PCB and enclose it in recommended to reduce disturbances
volume. you can use a variable resistor a small cabinet. Use an RJ11 connec- in the recording. These can also be
in series with R2 to vary the volume of tor and stereo jack for connecting the reduced by increasing the value of R2
the output. The recorded audio clip can telephone set and computer (for call to about 15 kilo-ohms.
be edited using different options in the recording). Telephone cords can be EFY note. Audacity recording
audacity software. used to connect to the phone line and software is included in this month’s
You can assemble the circuit on a the circuit. Use of a shielded cable is EFY-CD under ‘utilities’ section. 

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