You are on page 1of 64

TLIB808C Carry

out inspection of
trailers
Learner Guide
Contents
What this Learner’s Guide is about ........................................ 3
Planning your learning ........................................................... 4
How you will be assessed ...................................................... 6

Section 1............................................................................................. 7
Carry out a daily trailer inspection check and service basic
trailer components.................................................................. 7

Section 2........................................................................................... 23
Clean your vehicle and trailer............................................... 23

Additional resources ....................................................................... 54

Assessment tasks ................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.

Feedback on activities .................................................................... 56

Training record information ................. Error! Bookmark not defined.


Assessment checklist and record sheetsError! Bookmark not
defined.
Training record sheet ............. Error! Bookmark not defined.
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Page 2 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

What this Learner’s Guide is about

This  Learner’s  Guide  is  about  the  skills  and  knowledge  required  to  
carry  out  an  inspection  of  a  commercial  trailer,  including  action  to  
implement  the  trailer  manufacturer's  specifications  for  routine  checks,  
to  clean  the  trailer  and  to  ensure  that  all  specified  safety  requirements  
are  met  and  that  the  trailer  is  operational  to  the  requirements  of  both  
the  workplace  and  the  relevant  state/territory  roads  and  traffic  
authority.  

The  Elements  of  Competency  from  the  unit  TDT  B8  97B  Carry  out  
inspection  of  trailers  covered  in  this  Learner’s  Guide  are  listed  below.  
Check  the  trailer  
Clean  trailer  
Complete  documentation  
This  unit  of  competency  is  from  the  Transport  and  Distribution  
Training  Package  (TDT02).  

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 3
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Planning your learning

It is important to plan your learning before you start because you may
already have some of the knowledge and skills that are covered in this
Learner’s Guide. This might be because:
• you have been working in the industry for some time, and/or
• you have already completed training in this area.

Together with your supervisor or trainer use the checklists on the


following pages to help you plan your study program. Your answers to the
questions in the checklist will help you work out which sections of this
Learner’s Guide you need to complete.

This Learner’s Guide is written with the idea that learning is made more
relevant when you, the learner, are actually working in the industry. This
means that you will have people within the enterprise who can show you
things, discuss how things are done and answer any questions you have.
Also you can practise what you learn and see how what you learn is
applied in the enterprise.

If you are working through this Learner’s Guide and have not yet found a
job in the industry, you will need to talk to your trainer about doing work
experience or working and learning in some sort of simulated workplace.

Page 4 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Section 1: Carry out a daily trailer inspection


check and service basic trailer
components

Are you able to: Yes No


1. perform a daily trailer inspections?  
2. inspect and lubricate the turntable and king
pin on a commercial vehicle trailer and
dolly?  
3. carry out a lubrication service to a
commercial vehicle trailer and dolly?  
4. couple and uncouple a trailer?  
5. complete necessary reports and records
required by management?

Section 2: Clean your vehicle and trailer

Are you able to: Yes No


1. explain requirements for legal cleaning
area?  
2. clean your vehicle and trailer?  
3. maintain cleaning equipment?  
4. store cleaning equipment?  
5. explain safety features of trailer wash
operation?  
6. maintain cleaning equipment?  

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 5
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

How you will be assessed

Assessment of this Unit of Competency will include observation of real or


simulated work processes using workplace procedures and questioning on
underpinning knowledge and skills. It must be demonstrated in an actual
or simulated work situation under supervision.

You will be required to:


• inspect and service trailer
• check trailer suspension.

Page 6 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Section 1

Carry out a daily trailer inspection


check and service basic trailer
components

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 7
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Section outline

Areas covered in this section

Driver’s daily maintenance

Daily trailer inspection

Trailer and dolly lubrication

Page 8 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Drivers daily trailer maintenance

Like all other areas of operation in the transport industry you are expected
to work within the Occupational Health and Safety regulations (this is
covered in detail in Follow Occupational Health and Safety
procedures). These require organisations to provide, and individuals to
work in, a safe and healthy environment. In summary, the objectives of
Commonwealth, and state/territory OHS legislation are:
• to secure the health, safety and welfare of persons at work
• to eliminate, at their source, risks to health, safety and
welfare of persons at work
• to protect the public against risks to health and safety arising
out of, or in connection with, the activities of persons at work
• to involve employees and employers in issues affecting
occupational health, safety and welfare
• to encourage registered associations to take a constructive
role in promoting improvements in occupational health,
safety and welfare practices, and assisting employers and
employees to achieve a healthier and safer working
environment.

Individuals in the workplace must be provided with and use the necessary
training and safety items to carry out their tasks with minimum risk to
themselves and others.

While carrying out maintenance, individuals are exposed to ‘hazards’.


This is something that has ‘the potential to cause injury, death or
damage’. An example of this would be working under a raised trailer off
its wheels. This is an act that has the ‘potential to cause injury, death or
damage’.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 9
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Daily trailer inspection

With a daily trailer inspection you should check:


• cleanliness of trailer
• lights, reflectors and signs:
− ensure that all are working including brakes, tail, turn and side
lights
− check condition and cleanliness of all lights, reflectors and signs
• air tanks:
− drain twice per day in humid conditions
• spare wheel security
• brake operations:
− lines and connections
− backing plates, seals and cylinders
• body components security
• tyres:
− inflation
− conditions
• wheels (rim) nuts, studs and cleat security:
− no bent or damaged rims
− no grease or oil leaks
− wheel bearing movement
• wheel hubs and axles
• chassis for cracks in high stress areas
• spring hangers and rocker boxes
• trailer and dolly lubrication
• turntable and king pin lubrication and adjustment
• trailer lean and road height
• air leaks in brakes or suspension.

Page 10 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 1: What are some of the hazards you may encounter


in trailer cleaning and maintenance?

Can you think of some examples of hazards and risks when


carrying out trailer cleaning and maintenance?

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 11
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 2: What would you do if trailer lights were not


working?

What would you do if you found that trailer lights were not working?

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.

Page 12 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Coupling and uncoupling semi-trailer

Coupling and uncoupling a prime mover and semi-trailer is a task which


can lead to serious accidents, injury and trailer/prime mover damage if not
performed correctly.

Uncoupling (dropping off) a semi-trailer:


• trailer must be parked on a level, firm surface, which is firm
enough to support the trailer landing gear and its load (if
loaded)
• prime mover and trailer are parked in a straight line
• apply prime-mover park brakes
• chock the trailer wheels:
− chocks should not be necessary on trailers fitted with spring
brakes (maxi brakes) but are a sensible precaution and should be
used if available
− if parked on a grade, always use chocks. It is best to chock the
semi-trailer’s front axle in case the landing legs collapse and the
rear axle(s) lift
• if you have to park on a soft ground surface:
− place suitably strong timber or other flat supports beneath the
landing gear (the landing gear is likely to sink into loose dirt,
mud, gravel and hot bitumen)
• lower the landing gear until the supports are firmly in contact
with the ground or other supports
• continue to wind, and as you do so, the rear of the prime
mover will rise on its suspension as the semi-trailer weight is
transferred to the landing gear
• stop winding when the prime mover ceases to rise or you can
just see air between the trailer skid plate and the turn table
• disconnect the air hoses and electrical cable from the trailer:
− stow these properly on the prime mover making sure that the
connectors are kept free of dust and water and they cannot
become caught up in the tailshaft
• release the turntable jaws:
− if the release handle cannot be moved, the jaws may be under
load. Take the pressure off by gently rocking the prime mover
forward and back and then try to release again

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 13
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

• separation:
− double check that the trailer brake hoses and electrical cable are
disconnected and stowed. Then release the prime mover parking
brake, select first gear and slowly drive forward in a straight line
making sure the trailer stays put, if the front of the trailer starts to
go down and the turntable comes up at the front as you are
moving forward, stop. Check to make sure the landing gear is not
sinking into the ground or the trailer has not been raised enough.
If either of these two problems are the cause, reverse under and
repack landing gear or raise it higher before separating again.
• drive clear of trailer:
− when clear of the trailer have a visual check to make sure it is
stable and safe.

Never walk under the front of a trailer unless it is supported by the prime
mover or some other safe method.

Page 14 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 3: Why check the ground surface before uncoupling


your trailer?

Why would you check the ground surface prior to uncoupling your
trailer?

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 15
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Coupling (picking up) a semi-trailer


• position the prime mover:
− reverse the prime mover into position straight in front of the
trailer
− the prime mover and trailer should be in a straight line when
coupling
− reversing under a trailer from an angle can push the trailer
sideways which could damage or collapse the landing gear
− use mirrors to help you line up on the trailer, stop the trailer just
in front and apply the park brakes
• inspect the coupling:
− check the trailer skid plate, king pin, turntable and jaws for
damage
− make sure the turntable jaws are open
− if the trailer has a block welded to the skid plate about 30 cm to
the rear of the kingpin, make sure the turntable is the type that
turns and is unlocked
− if the trailer has no block behind the kingpin then the turntable
must be locked up (cannot turn) and the top plate well greased
• immobilise the trailer:
− place chocks behind at leased one wheel. If the trailer is equipped
with spring brakes (maxi brakes), then chocks are not required
• trailer height
− check that turntable and king pin are lined up; check that the
height of the trailer skid plate is slightly lower than the centre of
the turntable (about 5 cm is ideal) when the turntable plate is
angled correctly
− the ideal position is when the trailer skid plate will touch the
turntable plate just below its pivot pin
− if the trailer is too high or too low, adjust height by raising or
lowering the landing legs, whichever is necessary
− if the trailer is too low the prime mover chassis or edge of the
turntable can hit the trailer front instead of going under; if too
high the turntable may not properly latch onto the king pin or the
turntable could even pass beneath the king pin allowing the trailer
to hit the prime mover cabin
− connect airlines if trailer is not fitted with spring brakes

Page 16 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

• couple up:
− slowly reverse the prime mover under the trailer until the
turntable jaws lock around the kingpin; you should hear (and
possible feel) this as the jaws close and lock into place; carry out
a tug test
• visual check that the trailer is locked on:
− get out and check that the turntable release lever is in the locked
position, that the jaws have locked around the kingpin
− make sure that the head of the pin is not sitting on top of the jaws
− check to make sure there is enough clearance between the landing
legs and rear of prime mover to turn
• connect hoses and light plug:
− connect the air hoses and the electrical cables making sure they
are properly supported to avoid damage
• activate the trailer brakes:
− American and some Japanese prime movers require you to supply
air to the trailer brakes by switching the tractor protection valve
from ‘emergency’ to ‘normal’; apply and release the trailer brakes
to check their operation; you should hear the air release and
linkage operate
− if not, switch trailer brake hose connections and try again; if still
not, see if the prime mover has manual shut off valves on its
trailer brake plumbing; check vehicle manufacturer’s manual
− check for air leaks
• raise the landing gear:
− raise the landing until it is fully up; make sure the handle is
properly stowed; remove all wheel chocks and stow
• give the trailer another tug test:
− with the trailer brakes on and the prime mover brakes off, select
first gear and gently drive forward; this test will prove two things:
1. The trailer is coupled to the prime mover.
2. The trailer brakes are connected correctly.
• release trailer brakes and drive forward a few metres
• check all lights:
− check all lights to make sure they are clean and all working.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 17
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 4: What safety checks should you carry out?

What could happen if you back into the trailer from the side?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Why shouldn’t you back into a trailer without first making sure it will
stay put?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Why should you check the trailer height before attempting to couple
up?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Page 18 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Which of the following answers is incorrect? Tick your answer.

Uncoupling a trailer on a hill should be avoided 

All turntables need to be locked when the semi-trailer skid


plate has a block behind the kingpin 

Prime mover and trailer should be lined up straight


before coupling 

It is best to chock the wheels on the front axle when


uncoupling a trailer 

Which of the following answers is correct? Tick your answer.

The last thing to do after the trailer is properly coupled is to:


• connect the air lines 
• perform the tug test 
• release the turntable jaws 
• raise the landing gear. 

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 19
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Trailer and dolly lubrication

Lubricate the following components:


• landing legs (gears)
• landing legs (inners)
• tow coupling
• slack adjusters
• brake camshaft bearings
• axle hubs (if applicable)
• any other grease nipples.

Page 20 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 5: Lubricate your trailer coupling equipment?

Demonstrate to your trainer, trailer and dolly, turntable and king pin
lubrication. Ask your trainer for feedback on your performance.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 21
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Page 22 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Section 2

Clean your vehicle and trailer

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 23
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Section outline

Areas covered in this section

Clean your vehicle and trailer

Maintenance of cleaning equipment

Storage of cleaning equipment

Page 24 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Clean your vehicle/trailer

Why is it important to have a clean vehicle/trailer?

Having a clean vehicle/trailer is important for many reasons ranging from


vehicle/trailer safety to a better public image. A clean vehicle/trailer will:
• improve company's image or your own image as the owner of
that vehicle/trailer
• promotes company/owner image because it allows the
public/client to clearly see the company/owner name on the
vehicle/trailer
• improves safety because the vehicle is free from rubbish, dirt
and obstructions
• increases the life and improves the condition of the
vehicle/trailer, dirt and chemicals can cause rust or damage to
fittings and surfaces’ seals.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 25
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 6: Describe how a clean vehicle plays an important


part in your company

In what way does having a clean vehicle improve safety?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

How does dirt and grime reduce the life of equipment?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

How do you maintain the painted surfaces on your vehicle/trailer?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Page 26 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

What can happen if your company has a low company image?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Why should you care about your company image?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 27
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Legislative requirements for cleaning area

By law, companies must have a special area where vehicles/trailers are


cleaned, so that pollutants do not flow into storm-water drains.

The area for cleaning vehicles/trailers must:


• have a roof to stop storm water flooding the separator pit
• be surrounded by a concrete border high enough to prevent
spilling of contaminated water
• have a separator pit for separating:
− oil
− petrol
− diesel
− detergent
− other pollutants
• have a power supply for the use of cleaning equipment such
as:
− vacuum cleaners
− steam cleaners
− high pressure cleaners
• have a water supply which may consist of hot and cold water
• be safely located so that the cleaning of vehicle/trailer does
not get in the way of other company operations.

Page 28 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 7: Safety features with car wash operation

Why does a separator pit help to protect the environment?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Why is it important for the cleaning area to be away from other


work activities?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

What special precautions must you take when using electrical


equipment, for example a vacuum cleaner in a wet area?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Why is the combination of water and electricity dangerous?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 29
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Use the check list to make certain your cleaning area meets the
legal requirements for vehicle/trailer cleaning area.

Cleaning area check list

Does your area have? Yes No

a roof to stop flooding by stormwater

a concrete border to stop spillage and overflow

a separator pit to trap polluted water

a convenient water supply

a safe access to power for cleaning equipment

a cleaning area safely located away from other


work activities.

If your answer to all of these questions is yes then you have a


vehicle washing area which meets the legal requirements for
washing vehicles/trailers.

Before you start cleaning your vehicle/trailer you need to make


sure that the vehicle/trailer is parked securely.

Ask your trainer to help you park the vehicle/trailer in the


designated cleaning area.

Put the handbrake on to make sure the vehicle/trailer cannot move


if it is accidentally knocked. If the vehicle is equipped with a
Bowden cable always leave the Bowden cable stop control out
when the vehicle is parked.

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.

Page 30 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 8: Special requirements in vehicle cleaning

Does your company have any special requirements or conditions


for vehicle/trailer cleaning:

Yes  No 

If Yes, list these requirements.

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

List five important things you need to do before you start to clean
your vehicle/trailer.

1. ___________________________________________________

2. ___________________________________________________

3. ___________________________________________________

4. ___________________________________________________

5. ___________________________________________________

What could happen if you wash or clean your vehicle/trailer in an


area that is not meant to be used for cleaning vehicle/trailer?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

What could happen if you do not park your vehicle/trailer properly?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.
© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 31
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Equipment and materials used in vehicle/trailer cleaning

A wide range of equipment and materials can be used to assist with the
task of vehicle/trailer cleaning. Some examples are:
• protective clothing
• bucket, brooms, brushes and squeegee
• chamois rags and dusters
• steam cleaning/pressure cleaner
• ladder and steps
• vacuum cleaner and power source
• water hose and water source
• various cleaning agents that are recommended by the
manufacturer of your vehicle/trailer and will not damage or
harm the vehicle/trailer's surfaces.

Page 32 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 9: What items would you use to help you clean your
vehicle and trailer?

List the items that you would use to help you clean your
vehicle/trailer.

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 33
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Storage of cleaning equipment and materials

Cleaning equipment and materials should be stored in a clearly marked


area. This is necessary so that:
• everybody knows where they found
• cleaning equipment and materials do not become physical
hazards
• cleaning agents, chemicals and sharp instruments are kept out
of the way.

The area should be safe to move around in so that removing and returning
cleaning equipment and materials is safe and easy. Storage areas should
be made safe by the use of:
• tool racks
• cabinets
• sheds
• indoor and outdoor areas for easy access.

Storage areas should include operating manuals for all cleaning materials
and machinery/equipment held in the store.

Documents for recording the use of the cleaning materials and any spare
parts must be filled in or checked each time you use the equipment in that
area.

The safe and proper storage of equipment and the use of materials storage
facilities is called good housekeeping.

Housekeeping can be identified as the process used by organisations to


maintain a safe, clean and tidy workplace. Poor performance in this area
will result in inefficiencies leading to a drop in productivity and safety.

This function is directly linked to Occupational Health and Safety (OHS)


regulations which must be followed under federal and state/territory law.

Page 34 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 10: Identify equipment and materials storage facilities

Identify appropriate housekeeping equipment and materials


storage facilities in your workplace. Look at the list of cleaning
equipment and identify the storage used for each item. Add other
cleaning items that may be missing from the list.

Do this task with the help of your trainer.

The storage required for the first item on the list has been
completed as an example.
Cleaning item Storage

Brooms or Brushes Stored in cleaners


cupboard or hang from a
rack

Steam or pressure cleaner

Water hose

Rags and dusters

Ladders or steps

Cleaning agents such as


chemicals

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.
© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 35
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Safe handling of cleaning equipment and materials

Some of the materials used in cleaning are dangerous if they are not
handled or used properly. In some cases specific training may be needed
before you can operate the mechanical equipment or use hazardous
cleaning substances.

Cleaning machinery/equipment

To safely use or operate cleaning machinery/equipment you should:


• read the instructions on how to use the cleaning
machinery/equipment
• check the equipment to make sure it is in good condition
• make sure the electrical switches are not broken or damaged
• electrical cords are not frayed, guards are fitted, etc.
• ask your trainer to show you how to use the equipment if you
have never used it before
• obey all safety signs in your work area.

Cleaning products

To safely use cleaning products you should:


• read the warning labels and instructions for use
• know what to do if an accident happens
• ask your trainer to show you how to use cleaning products if
you have never used them before
• obey all safety signs in the work area.

Page 36 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 11: What cleaning equipment do you use in your


company?

What cleaning equipment is used in your company?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Write down what you need to do to use it safely.

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Name a cleaning product that is used in your company.

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Write down what you need to do to use it safely.

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 37
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

____________________________________________________

Page 38 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

What cleaning equipment and materials do you use that can be


dangerous if not used properly? For example industrial vacuum
cleaner

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

In what way could this equipment and materials be dangerous?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 39
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Maintenance of cleaning equipment

Electrical equipment needs regular servicing to keep it in good working


order.

Equipment used in cleaning such as steam cleaners, vacuum cleaners etc.


can be dangerous if they are not maintained in good condition and
serviced regularly.

Manufacturers of electrical equipment will have a suggested maintenance


schedule for the equipment they make.

An equipment maintenance check list has been included in the following


activities.

Complete the checklist with the assistance of your trainer.

Page 40 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 12: Maintain cleaning equipment

Why is the maintenance of cleaning equipment necessary?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

What can happen if cleaning equipment is in poor condition?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

How can a company make sure that equipment is properly


maintained at the recommended service times?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

List two pieces of equipment that are used for cleaning in your work
place. What do you need to do before and after using that
equipment to keep it in good condition.

Equipment: ___________________________________________

Maintenance method: ___________________________________

Equipment: ___________________________________________

Maintenance method: ___________________________________

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 41
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Use the following checklist to help you inspect that piece of


equipment for damage and wear.

Electrical equipment safety checklist

Tool/equipment:

Housekeeping job:

Date:

Check Yes No

Is the lead (cable): frayed?

showing exposed wires?

showing burns?

in a knot or kinked?

damaged in any way?

Is the plug: showing bent pins?

showing burn marks?

wet or damp?

damaged in any way?

Is the tool/equipment: overheating or smelling burnt?

showing any signs of damage?


(e.g.; cracked casing, damaged switch)
WARNING!! If you answered yes to any of these questions, do not use the tool/equipment. Follow your
workplace reporting procedure.

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.

Page 42 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Cleaning your vehicle and trailer

When you are cleaning your vehicle/trailer it is a good idea to do it in a


logical and systematic order. The most effective and time saving way to
clean your vehicle/trailer is in the following order:
• clean the inside of the vehicle
• clean the outside of the vehicle
• clean trailer
• check vehicle/trailer.

Clean the inside of your vehicle in the following order:


• check prior to opening vehicle doors
• remove rubbish and dispose in appropriate place
• stow all equipment such as:
− passenger reading material
− safety information
− invoice books and other stationery
− breakdown equipment
− First Aid chests, dangerous goods
− safety equipment required by law
− videos, music cassettes and CDs.
• sweep/vacuum and dispose of waste
• clean seats, dash board, steering wheel, instrument panel,
mats, operating levers, pedals (with a cleaning agent) and
replace seat protectors (where applicable)
• clean all interior glass surfaces with approved cleaning agent
• close all windows, door and air vents to prevent dust and
water from entering the clean interior
• fill water containers for passenger requirements
• check that pillows and blankets are clean and stowed
correctly.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 43
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 13: What items do you need to stow before washing


your vehicle?

List four items of equipment that you will need to stow when
cleaning the inside of a vehicle.

1. ___________________________________________________

2. ___________________________________________________

3. ___________________________________________________

4. ___________________________________________________

What should you do prior to applying cleansing agent to any


vehicle surface?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

List four items that require cleaning with a cleansing agent.

1. ___________________________________________________

2. ___________________________________________________

3. ___________________________________________________

4. ___________________________________________________

Why is it necessary to close all windows and air vents before


cleaning outside of vehicle?

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.

Page 44 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Clean the outside of the vehicle

Wash exterior with hose in order to remove excess dirt, dust, mud
pockets. As paint surfaces can be severely marked by grit particles,
washing assists to remove mud and grime from surfaces. Wash the vehicle
sides, top and underneath.

Wash exterior with hose and brush/broom to remove road grime. Apply
cleansing agent to water (i.e. detergent, car wash liquid) according to
company policy and manufacturer's recommendation.

Hose exterior of vehicle to remove detergent and chemicals. Chamois dry


exterior of vehicle to give a smear free finish. Clean glass and chrome
with approved cleaning agent.

Clean trailer

Prior to cleaning trailer you should check that all lashing equipment and
tools are properly stowed.

Trailer should be first tidied by:


• removing rubbish from trailer
• disposing of rubbish in appropriate place
• sweeping trailer.

Clean trailer systematically:


• hose off trailer (top, sides and underneath)
• clean with broom and brush
• apply cleansing agent to water and wash trailer (top, sides
and underneath)
• hose off trailer and dry.

Check vehicle/trailer

Examine vehicle and re-check the following:


• mirror placement for vision
• windscreen
• washers and wipers
• safety check that brakes are working (If you do not know
how to do this ask your trainer to show you how; you should
always check a vehicles brakes after cleaning the vehicle).

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 45
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Maintaining vehicle/trailer cleaning area

It is important that you maintain a clean safe working area. The tasks you
need to attend to are:
• clean area of responsibility
• waste removal
• scheduling
• equipment maintenance
• returning and storage of equipment and material
• continuous monitoring to maintain workplace standards
• regular inspection.

Page 46 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 14: Safety first in the workplace

How could accidents be caused by each of the following examples


of poor housekeeping?

Examples:
• rubbish, dunnage, surplus lashing equipment and old ropes left
in cleaning area

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
• grease and oil spills in car wash area.

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
• electrical leads trailing across car wash area

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
• overflowing rubbish bins

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
• badly maintained equipment

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
• chemicals and cleaning agents not stored after use.

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 47
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Waste removal

When carrying out waste removal, the important things you need to
consider are:
• risk from chemical spills
• contamination
• removal of materials used to absorb spillage's, etc (these need
to be treated under the same rules as the original product)
• to manage waste properly you need to apply the following
principles:
− reduce
− re-use
− recover
− segregate
− organise specialised removal (if required)
− apply hazardous waste removal regulations and code of practice.

Chemicals in the workplace

More than 2,000 people die each year in Australia because of exposure to
chemicals in the workplace. We use chemicals everywhere in our homes
as well as at work. They can be in the form of solids, liquids or gases. The
only way to work with them safely is to know the right way to use them.

Some people become careless. With many chemicals the damage to health
doesn't happen straight away but over time. The effects of the chemical
build up in their bodies can cause sickness such as cancer. Don't let this
happen to you!

Safety tip

The only safe way to use chemicals is to know what the dangers are with
each chemical and follow the procedure or rules for safe handling every
time you use them.

Cleaning rags and dusters that can be reused should be separated for
cleaning. Polluted rags are separated to avoid any possibility of reaction
from other chemically polluted rags - these are stored in appropriate waste
containers. You should arrange for specialised removal in accordance with
company and regulatory requirements.

Page 48 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 15: Clean your vehicle and trailer

Clean your vehicle and trailer

Stages Steps Activity completed


1. Park vehicle/trailer • shut down engine
• hand brake on
• gear lever in neutral
• check safety factors:
 the area is clear of obstacles
 all equipment is stowed
correctly
 the vehicle/trailer is not
parked in the way of other
workplace operations
 vehicle/trailer parked in
designated washing area
• obstructions, personal and
distance:
 loose refuse, pallets, loading
materials all cleared from the
washing area
 check all equipment for faulty
electrical switches or cables.
2. Locate cleaning • in line with company
equipment requirements.
3. Clean interior of • safety check before opening
your vehicle vehicle door
• remove rubbish and dispose of
in appropriate place
• check all equipment is
appropriately stowed
• sweep/vacuum and dispose of
waste in appropriate place
• check and clean passenger rest
room facilities

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 49
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Stages Steps Activity completed


• clean interior with cleaning
agent:
 seats
 instrument panel
 steering wheel
 dashboard instruments
 mats
 pedals
 switches
• replace seat protectors
• clean all interior glass with
approved cleaning agent
• close all windows, doors and air
vents
• fill water containers for
passenger requirements
• replace soap, hand towels and
toilet rolls
• check pillows and blankets are
clean and stowed correctly.

Page 50 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Clean your vehicle/trailer

Stages Steps Activity completed


4. Check cleaning • check safety factors
equipment • check hose and water tap for
damage and supply
• turn on water supply
• adjust water pressure
appropriate to task.
5. Clean outside of • wash:
the vehicle  roof
 right front
 left front
 centre front
 rear.
6. Clean roof of • hose roof of vehicle
vehicle • clean with broom/brush
• hose roof until clean.
7. Clean right front of • hose outside right front
vehicle • window, mirror, door, step,
wheel bay, rim, and wheel
guard/mudflap
• clean with broom/brush
• hose until clean.
8. Clean left front of • repeat steps of stage 7.
vehicle
9. Clean centre front • hose outside of centre front
of vehicle • windscreen, windscreen wipers,
bonnet, grill, numberplate, safety
signs and lights
• clean with broom/brush
• hose until clean.
10. Clean rear of • hose rear of vehicle
vehicle • rear window
• clean with broom/brush
• hose until clean.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 51
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Clean your vehicle/trailer

Stages Steps Activity completed


11. Apply cleansing • read safety precautions for
agent to outside cleansing agent
of vehicle • follow manufacturer's
instructions
• use correct safety equipment
• apply cleansing agent to:
 roof of vehicle
 right front
 left front
 centre front
 rear
• replace cleansing agent in
appropriate place.
12. Check trailer • locate in cleaning area
• brake on
• chocked (if necessary)
• legs lowered.
13. Secure lashing • check all lashing equipment and
equipment tools are properly stowed.
14. Tidy trailer • remove rubbish from trailer
• dispose of rubbish in appropriate
place
• sweep trailer.
15. Clean trailer from • hose trailer from left front to left
left front to left rear
rear • chassis, wheels, rims, rear axle,
mud flaps, wheel bays, combing
rails, tool box, walls, curtains
and straps, nose cone, and door
• clean with broom/brush
• hose until clean.
16. Clean trailer from • repeat steps of stage 15.
right front to right
rear

Page 52 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Clean your vehicle/trailer

Stages Steps Activity completed


17. Clean trailer • repeat steps of stage 15,
centre rear including:
 cargo and safety signs
 lights
 number plates.
18. Apply cleansing • apply safety factors as in stage
agent to trailer 11
• apply cleansing agent to:
 left front and left rear
 right front and right rear
 centre rear
 as in stages 15, 16 and 17
• replace cleansing agent in
appropriate place.
19. Final clean of • hose clean
vehicle/trailer • roof of vehicle
 right front of vehicle
 left front of vehicle
 centre of vehicle
 rear of vehicle
 left front to left rear of trailer
 right front to right rear of
trailer.
20. Replace cleaning • to company requirements
equipment • to personal hygiene safety.
21. Return to vehicle • check
• adequate mirror vision
• windscreen clean
• washers and wipers are
functioning
• safety check brakes are
operating.
22. Observe OHS • observe and implement
procedures occupational health and safety
practices, during completing all
sub-tasks.
© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 53
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Additional
resources

Page 54 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Paper based:
• relevant learner’s handout, guidelines and reference materials, such as:
− The Australia Truck Driver’s Manual
− resources from manufacturer’s of cleaning equipment and
products
− MSDS for chemicals used in workplace for cleaning
− vehicle manufacturer’s information supplied with vehicle/trailer
• a range of trailers specific to training requirement
• spare parts required for relevant tasks
• a range of hand tools and equipment
• cleaning materials
• written assessment tasks, where required
• real or simulated road transport environment.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 55
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Feedback on
activities
The responses provided in this section are suggested responses.
Because every workplace is different, your responses may vary
according to your specific workplace procedures, the equipment
available and the nature of the business.

Page 56 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 1: What are some of the hazards you may encounter


in trailer cleaning and maintenance?

Some of the risks and hazards you may have thought of are:

Hazard Risk
Moving heavy objects Muscular sprains and strains
Items with sharp or rough edges Cuts, abrasions and punctures
Hazardous substances, i.e. acids, Burns, poisoning, cancer
alkalines, petroleum
Dust and dirt Eye and ear damage, skin
irritations
Noise Hearing damage
Working under heavy equipment Crushing, broken bones
Using poorly maintained or Electrocution, burns, injury from
unfamiliar power tools incorrect use
Poorly adjusted or damaged tools Skinned and cut hands/infection
and equipment or other injuries
Use of chemicals for cleaning Internal disorders, cancer, lung
problems and infection of open
wounds

Activity 2: What would you do if trailer lights were not


working?

First check the globes, replace those that require replacing.

If this does not correct the problem check the electrical cable; if
there appears to be no problem with this it may be necessary to
contact your mechanic for assistance.

Activity 3: Why check the ground surface before uncoupling


your trailer?

To prevent the landing gear sinking into the ground.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 57
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 4: What safety checks should you carry out?

Backing under a trailer from the side can push the trailer sideways
and damage or collapse the landing gear.

`Chasing’ a trailer which moves during coupling is a dangerous and


irresponsible practice.
Don’t do it.

If the trailer is too low the prime mover chassis or leading edge of
the turntable can hit the trailer front instead of going under. If too
high, the turntable can hit the front instead of going under. If too
high, the turntable may not pass beneath the kingpin, or the
turntable could even pass beneath the kingpin allowing the prime
mover cab to hit the trailer.

Which of the following answers is incorrect? Tick your answer.

Uncoupling a trailer on a hill should be avoided 

All turntables need to be locked when the semi-trailer skid


plate has a block behind the kingpin 

Prime mover and semi-trailer should be lined up straight


before coupling 

It is best to chock the wheels on the front axle when


uncoupling a semi-trailer 

Which of the following answers is correct? Tick your answer.

The last thing to do after the semi-trailer is properly coupled is to:

Connect the air lines 

Perform the tug test 

Release the turntable jaws 

Raise the landing gear 

Page 58 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 6: Describe how a clean vehicle plays an important


part in your company

A clean windscreen free of dirt smears and crushed insects allows


your wipers to work more efficiently and gives the driver a much
better view with reduced possibility of sun glare being compounded
by dust particles.

Clean headlights, taillights, stoplights, indicator lights and


clearance lights make your vehicle easier to see.

Cleaning dirt, mud and road grime from your truck and trailer
makes it more visible to other motorists.

Dirt, grime and mud allows the build up of rust to commence, it also
increase the likelihood of contamination of working components.

Highly technical components such as, fuel injector systems,


onboard computers. Radios and communication systems (to name
a few) can be seriously, affected by dirt and grime.

By regularly cleaning your vehicle with an approved car cleaning


chemical and periodically polishing the paint work. You can protect
the surface finish.

A low company image can have serious consequences on a


companies ability to gain new business. This problem will
accentuate with major companies working towards AS3902 and
ISO9002 accreditation. These companies will prefer to do business
with other As3902 and ISO9002 companies. Ask your trainer to
explain these terms to you.

Maintaining a good company image and being a good employee


lets your employer know that you care about your job and the
company.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 59
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 7: Safety features with car wash operation

A separator separates the water from all of the oils, greases and
other road grime into a collection tank, reducing the risk of polluting
our rivers and oceans.

This set up allows the car cleaning tasks to be carried out in a


designated area that will not interfere with the other workplace
operations.

Make certain that you do not allow electrical flex to dangle in or be


in contact with wet areas, and that all electrical leads are in good
condition and show no signs of wear or damage.

Check that all electrical equipment is earthed, and the source of the
power is undamaged and safe to use.

Water is a good conductor of electricity.

Use the check list to make certain your cleaning area meets the
legal requirements for vehicle/trailer cleaning area.

Cleaning area check list

Does your area have? Yes No

a roof to stop flooding by stormwater

a concrete border to stop spillage and overflow

a separator pit to trap polluted water

a convenient water supply

a safe access to power for cleaning equipment

a cleaning area safely located away from other


work activities.

If your answer to all of these questions is yes then you have a


vehicle washing area which meets the legal requirements for
washing vehicles/trailers.

Page 60 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

Activity 8: Special requirements in vehicle cleaning

(I) Check the car cleaning area for hazards.

(ii) Park and stabilise the vehicle.

(iii) Close all windows, doors and air vents to prevent dust and
water entering the cleaned interior.

(iv) Remove all rubbish and dispose in appropriate place.

(v) Stow all loose equipment.


• You and/or your company may be prosecuted. You will pollute
storm water drains, rivers and the ocean with grease, oil and
road grime.
• If your vehicle overhangs the car wash area it may be hit by
other vehicles. It may be in the way of other workplace
activities.
• If your trailer is not parked and supported correctly it could
accidentally tip forward or sideways.

Activity 10: Identify equipment and materials storage facilities

The storage required for the first item on the list has been
completed as an example.
Cleaning item Storage

Brooms or brushes Stored in cleaners’


cupboard or hanging from
a rack
Steam or pressure cleaner

Water hose

Rags and dusters

Ladders or steps

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 61
TLIB807C Carry out inspection of trailers

Cleaning item Storage

Cleaning agents such as


chemicals

Activity 12: Maintain cleaning equipment

• to prevent damage or wear to the equipment that could be


hazardous. Regular maintenance will extend the life of the
equipment and lessen the chance of equipment failure or
breakdown.
• equipment in poor condition could be hazardous to the user.
• by maintaining an equipment service register that details the
equipment a schedule (usually based on manufacturer’s
recommendations) for servicing periods.

List two pieces of equipment that are used for cleaning in your work
place. What do you need to do before and after using that
equipment to keep it in good condition?
Equipment: ___________________________________________
Maintenance method: ___________________________________
Equipment: ___________________________________________
Maintenance method: ___________________________________

Activity 13: What items do you need to stow before washing


your vehicle?

• Street directory and road maps


• Invoice books and other stationery
• Safety equipment required by law
• Loading and lashing equipment
• Thoroughly hose down the vehicle and remove all harmful road-
grime, dust or mud from the paint surfaces as this will scratch
and mark the paintwork.
• Glass

Page 62 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG
TDT B8 97B Carry out inspection of trailers

• Steering wheel
• Console area and instruments
• Seats
• Floor mats
• To prevent water and dust entering the cleaned interior.

Activity 14: Safety first in the workplace

Examples:

a. Workers could trip over the rubbish and seriously injure


themselves.

b. Someone could slip on these spills and seriously injure


themselves.

c. Someone could be electrocuted.

d. Workers could trip over the rubbish and seriously injure


themselves.

e. Could seriously injure someone.

f. Unstored chemicals can become a health hazard - they can


be spilt and if washed down a drain they pollute the
waterways. Toxic gases accidentally leaked into the air would
pollute the air and could affect the health of many people in
the community. Flammable liquids could explode and
seriously injure workers or cause serious damage to property
and may even cause death.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003

Page 63