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TLID107C Shift

materials safely using


manual handling
methods
Learner Guide
Contents
What this Learner’s Guide is about ........................................ 1
Planning your learning ........................................................... 2
How you will be assessed ...................................................... 4

Section 1............................................................................................. 5
Assess risks arising from the relocation of a load .................. 5

Section 2........................................................................................... 21
How do you plan a load relocation and relocate loads?....... 21

Additional resources ....................................................................... 31

Feedback on activities .................................................................... 33


TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
2008
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

What this Learner’s Guide is about

This  Learner’s  Guide  is  about  the  skills  and  knowledge  required  to  shift  
loads  using  manual  handling  methods,  including  assessing  the  risks  
associated  with  relocating  the  load,  planning  the  relocation  process  
and  carrying  out  the  relocation  in  accordance  with  the  plan.    

Persons  achieving  competence  in  this  unit  will  need  to  fulfil  all  of  the  
relevant  state/territory  OHS  regulatory  requirements  concerning  the  
safe  lifting  and  handling  of  a  load  using  manual  handling  techniques.  

The  Elements  of  Competency  from  the  unit  TLID107C  Shift  materials  
safely  using  manual  handling  methods  covered  in  this  Learner’s  Guide  
are  listed  below.  
Assess  risks  arising  from  the  relocation  of  the  load  
Plan  load  relocation  
Relocate  load  

This  unit  of  competency  is  from  the  Transport  and  Logistics  Training  
Package  (TLI07).  

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 1


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Planning your learning

It  is  important  to  plan  your  learning  before  you  start  because  you  may  
already  have  some  of  the  knowledge  and  skills  that  are  covered  in  this  
Learner’s  Guide.  This  might  be  because:  
• you  have  been  working  in  the  industry  for  some  time,  
and/or  
• you  have  already  completed  training  in  this  area.  

Together  with  your  supervisor  or  trainer  use  the  checklists  on  the  
following  pages  to  help  you  plan  your  study  program.  Your  answers  to  
the  questions  in  the  checklist  will  help  you  work  out  which  sections  of  
this  Learner’s  Guide  you  need  to  complete.  

This  Learner’s  Guide  is  written  with  the  idea  that  learning  is  made  more  
relevant  when  you,  the  learner,  are  actually  working  in  the  industry.  
This  means  that  you  will  have  people  within  the  enterprise  who  can  
show  you  things,  discuss  how  things  are  done  and  answer  any  
questions  you  have.  Also  you  can  practise  what  you  learn  and  see  how  
what  you  learn  is  applied  in  the  enterprise.  

If  you  are  working  through  this  Learner’s  Guide  and  have  not  yet  found  
a  job  in  the  industry,  you  will  need  to  talk  to  your  trainer  about  doing  
work  experience  or  working  and  learning  in  some  sort  of  simulated  
workplace.    

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Section 1: Assess risks arising from the


relocation of a load

Are  you  able  to:   Yes   No  


1. define  manual  handling  and  explain  its  
importance  to  the  worker  in  a  warehouse  
situation?          
2. understand  the  importance  of  Regulations  
and  Codes  of  Practice  applicable  to  shifting  
materials  safely?          
3. assess  risks  arising  from  relocation  of  
various  loads  (size  up  a  load)?          
4. demonstrate  the  six  steps  to  manually  
shifting  materials  safely?        

Section 2: How do you plan a load relocation


and relocate loads?

Are  you  able  to:   Yes   No  


1. plan  a  load  relocation?          
2. check  your  plan  for  compliance  with  
workplace  practise  and  procedures?          
3. follow  the  relocation  plan?          
4. coordinate  team  lifting  tasks?          
5. set  down  and  check  load?        

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 3


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

How you will be assessed

Assessment  of  this  Unit  of  Competency  will  include  observation  of  real  
or  simulated  work  processes  using  workplace  procedures  and  
questioning  on  underpinning  knowledge  and  skills.  It  must  be  
demonstrated  in  an  actual  or  simulated  work  situation  under  
supervision.  

You  will  be  required  to:  


• describe  manual  handling  operations  undertaken  in  the  
warehouse  
• demonstrate  correct  techniques  for  shifting  materials  
safely  
• demonstrate  planning  load  relocation  and  load  relocation.  

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
2008
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Section 1

Assess risks arising from the


relocation of a load

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 5


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Section outline

Areas  covered  in  this  section  

The  need  to  assess  (judge)  risks  arising  from  shifting  materials  

Common  materials  shifting  hazards  and  how  to  minimise  them  

Identifying  and  demonstrating  the  safe  and  correct  methods  for  


shifting  materials  safely  

The  importance  of  correct  manual  handling  to  the  worker  in  the  
warehouse  

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

How do you assess risks arising from relocation


of a load?

What is manual materials handling?

Shifting  materials  safely  may  make  up  the  majority  of  the  work  the  
storepeople  do  in  a  warehouse.  

A  large  proportion  of  materials  shifting  may  be  done  manually,  


depending  on  how  your  warehouse  operates.  

Manual  material  handling  is  defined  as:  

‘any  activity  requiring  the  use  of  force  exerted  by  a  person  to  lift,  push,  
pull,  carry  or  otherwise  move,  hold  or  restrain  any  person,  animal  or  
thing’.  

The  main  methods  used  are:    


• pushing,  such  as  pushing  a  drum  
• carrying,  such  as  carrying  a  carton  of  stock  
• lifting,  such  as  lifting  a  box  up  onto  a  shelf  
• reaching  or  holding,  such  as  placing  or  passing  stock  onto  
higher  shelving  
• small,  frequent  tasks  (repetitious)  such  a  keyboard  entries  
or  loading  small  stock  items  from  a  shelf  onto  a  pallet  from  
one  position.    

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 7


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Activity 1: Injuries arising from manual handling

What percentage of workplace injuries does manual handling


cause?

Place a tick in the space that you think is the correct answer to this
question.

Percentage 

5% ?

10% ?

20% ?

33% ?

50% ?

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
2008
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Using  safe  and  correct  methods  to  shift  materials  will:  


• save  time  
• reduce  or  remove  stresses  and  strains  on  your  body  
• prevent  injury.  

How do you identify the correct goods?

There  are  many  small  steps  making  up  the  process  of  risk  assessment  
of  a  load  relocation  job.    

Firstly,  you  need  to  make  sure  you  have  identified  the  correct  goods  or  
materials  to  be  shifted.  Always  make  sure  you  are  looking  at  the  right  
load.  Check  your  product  or  stock  numbers  carefully.  

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Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Activity 2: What is the most common way of identifying stock


items in your warehouse?

Please write or draw eight different stock identification codes/labels


and describe the stock they refer to. Check your answers with your
trainer.

Stock code or Description of stock item


label

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

What makes up load relocation risk assessment


and why is it important?

What  is  a  hazard?  

A  hazard  is  ‘a  source  of  potential  loss  or  danger’.  In  other  words,  it  is  
an  accident  waiting  to  happen.  It  is  up  to  everyone  involved  in  the  
workplace  to  recognise  hazards  and  fix  them  before  the  accident  can  
happen.  In  particular,  this  is  the  employer’s  responsibility.  This  rule  is  
the  basis  of  a  safe  and  healthy  workplace.  

This  is  done  is  by  following  these  steps:  


• risk  identification  
• risk  assessment  
• risk  control.  

What is a risk?

A  risk  is  ‘the  possibility  of  suffering  harm  or  loss’.  This  means  doing  
something  that  is  likely  to  cause  some  sort  of  damage  or  injury  (harm  
or  loss).    

However,  harm  or  loss  might  not  happen  at  that  particular  time  or  the  
injury  might  not  be  immediately  obvious.  This  is  quite  often  the  case,  
especially  with  back  injuries,  which  tend  to  develop  over  time  and  with  
repetition  of  activity;  for  example,  frequent  twisting  and  turning.  

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 11


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Activity 3: List common warehouse hazards

Can you think of some examples of manual handling hazards and


risks in a warehouse? You should think about the many activities in
a warehouse as well as the types of material (goods or stock) being
handled.

List your ideas of hazards and risks:

Hazards Risks

_______________________ ________________________

_______________________ ________________________

_______________________ ________________________

_______________________ ________________________

_______________________ ________________________

_______________________ ________________________

_______________________ ________________________

_______________________ ________________________

_______________________ ________________________

_______________________ ________________________

_______________________ ________________________

_______________________ ________________________

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

The  hazards  and  risks  you  face  will  change  from  place  to  place.  As  you  
are  moving  around  from  section  to  section  (or  business  to  business),  it  
is  important  to  be  constantly  on  the  lookout  for  hazards.  

If  you  are  entering  a  new  situation  with  products  and/or  equipment  


that  are  new  to  you,  it  is  absolutely  essential  that  you  get  training  on  
these  items.  

The  risk  of  injury  can  be  reduced  or  removed  by:  
• doing  tasks  in  new  ways  that  remove  the  need  for  lifting  
and  carrying  
• ensuring  that  tasks  beyond  your  ability  are  only  attempted  
with  help.  Use  teamwork  and/or  mechanical  aids.  

What safe methods can be used for manual


materials handling?

The  key  to  safe  manual  materials  handling  is  in  the  way  you  carry  out  
the  tasks.  Tasks  can  be  made  safer  by:  
• reducing  lifting  and  lowering  forces  
• avoiding  bending,  twisting  and  reaching  
• reducing  pushing,  pulling,  carrying  and  holding.  

Parts  of  these  problems  can  be  overcome  by  job  redesign.  This  is  
largely  a  matter  for  management.  You  can  help  by  suggesting  ideas  to  
your  OHS  Committee  or  supervisor.    
Job  redesign  can  reduce  the  risk  to  you  by:  
• modifying  (changing)  the  object;  for  example,  making  
smaller  packages  
• modifying  the  workplace  layout  (the  area  you  actually  
work  in)  

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 13


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TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

• rearranging  materials  flow;  for  example,  reducing  


distances  travelled  
• performing  different  (and  less  risky)  actions,  movements  
and  forces  
• using  mechanical  assistance  (this  is  covered  in  a  later  
section)  
• use  of  team  lifting;  for  example,  working  together  to  share  
(and  reduce)  the  burden.  

Adjustable work heights. Store heavier and frequently A simple lever and wheels avoids
used items at waist level. stooping and reduces effort.

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Activity 4: Improving manual handling

What do you think are some of the ways to improve your manual
handling methods and reduce risks to yourself and others?

List your ideas here:

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Discuss your thoughts with your trainer, in a group session if


possible.

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Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

You  must  be  able  to  accurately  assess  all  the  risks  involved  with  a  
particular  load  relocation  task.  This  includes  risks  to  yourself,  the  load  
and  any  other  materials  on  your  relocation  route.  You  will  only  become  
good  at  assessing  risks  with  practice.  If  you  are  in  any  doubt,  ask  for  
help!  Always  adopt  a  careful  attitude.  

How  do  you  size  up  the  load?  

Estimate  the  weight  of  the  load  before  lifting  by:  


• asking  your  trainer    
• checking  for  a  weight  tag  
• pushing  or  lifting  one  corner  of  the  load.  

Always  test  the  weight  of  the  load  before  attempting  to  lift  it.  Many  
injuries  are  caused  by  trying  to  lift  a  load  that  is  much  heavier  than  
expected.  

When  you  know  the  weight  you  will  also  have  a  good  idea  of  the  
centre  of  gravity.    

If  the  load  seems  too  heavy  or  difficult  to  balance,  don’t  lift  it.      

You  also  need  to  consider  the  effect  that  relocating  part  of  the  load  
will  have  on  the  original  load  base.    

We  have  all  seen  a  cartoon  character  remove  a  can  from  the  bottom  of  
a  pyramid  display  in  a  grocery  store.  Sometimes  the  pile  stays  up,  
defying  gravity,  but  more  often  the  cans  go  everywhere.  That  is  a  very  
obvious  example;  you  will  deal  with  load  relocations  that  are  far  more  
subtle.  

You  must  also  think  about  the  contents  of  the  load.    

Different  load  contents  have  different  behaviour  and  must  be  treated  
accordingly.  For  example,  liquids  behave  very  differently  to  solids  
when  being  moved.    

Dangerous  or  hazardous  materials  require  special  handling  that  is  the  
subject  of  regulations  and  workplace  codes  of  practice.  

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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Activity 5: Manual handling regulations and codes of practice

What regulations apply to the handling of dangerous or hazardous


goods?

Please list them:

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Do you know where to locate copies of these regulations in your


workplace?

Yes  No 

If not, ask your trainer.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 17


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

In  most  instances  of  safely  shifting  materials  that  you  will  undertake,  
you  are  the  person  who  will  make  the  assessment  of  the  risks  arising  
from  relocating  that  load.      

You  are  also  the  person  most  likely  to  suffer  from  a  miscalculation.  

The  six  steps  in  lifting  materials  safely  are  as  follows.    
1. Size  up  the  load  (described  in  detail  above).  

2. Position  your  feet  by:  


− making  sure  they  are  close  to  the  load  
− making  sure  your  feet  will  not  slip  
− not  lifting,  if  you  feel  unsteady.  

3.   Take  a  secure  grip  by:  


− positioning  hands  diagonally  
− using  your  whole  hand  
− keeping  your  arms  bent.  

4.   Keep  your  back  straight.  

5.   Position  head  and  arms  and:  


− keep  your  head  and  chin  tucked  in  
− keep  the  arms  close  to  the  body.  

6.   Use  the  muscles  in  your  legs  to  lift,  not  the  muscles  in  your  back.  

The  correct  method  of  lowering  a  load  is  very  similar  to  the  above  rules  
for  lifting,  except  done  in  reverse!  

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Activity 6: Use shifting materials safely methods

This activity is divided into two parts. It is important that you work
through these in order and review your progress on completion of
each part. Refer to the feedback section at the end of this guide.

Part one

Go to a work area with your supervisor or trainer who will identify


three loads that you will be required to shift safely in Part Three.
Assess all the risks arising from lifting those three loads. Explain to
your supervisor or trainer, in your own words, the thought
processes that you are going through while you make your risk
analysis.

Part two

Under supervision, apply manual handling techniques to the three


situations described below which are to be set up by your trainer.

1. Lift a box not exceeding 60 cm on any side and weighing


between 9 & 12 kg. The box is to be raised from floor level to
bench height.

2. Move a 20 litre drum of liquid over a distance of 15 metres.

3. Remove a container (bag, box, bin or tin) of weight in the range


of 4 to 6 kg. The container is to be removed from a shelf at
about head height and moved to a nearby bench.

There is feedback on this activity at the back of this Learner’s


Guide.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 19


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Section 2

How do you plan a load relocation


and relocate loads?

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 21


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Section outline

Areas  covered  in  this  section  

Planning  a  load  relocation  task  

Carrying  out  the  task  and  checking  that  the  task  has  been  completed  
to  the  relevant  workplace  standards  

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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Planning a load relocation

You  will  need  to  plan  the  relocation  of  the  stock  to  the  correct  site.    Go  
to  the  new  site  and  check  exactly  where  and  how  the  relocated  load  is  
to  be  placed.  Check  all  documentation  to  ensure  that  you  have  correct  
stock  and  have  the  correct  place  for  the  new  location.    

You  will  need  to  consider  all  aspects  of  shifting  materials  safely,  
including  planning  the  route  for  your  relocation.    You  must  also  assess  
all  the  risks  associated  with  the  route  you  are  planning  to  use.    
Wherever  possible,  use  a  mechanical  aid.  

Ask  yourself  these  questions  when  you  are  planning  to  relocate  a  load:  
• Where  are  you  relocating  the  stock  to?  
• Which  route  is  the  quickest?    
• Is  this  route  the  safest  (taking  account  of  protrusions,  
width,  height,  packages  or  pallets  in  aisles,  fragile  goods  
along  the  way)?  
• How  will  you  place  the  load  in  the  new  location?  
• Are  you  adding  the  load  to  an  existing  load?  
• How  will  the  existing  load  be  affected?  
• Have  you  checked  the  points  of  balance  and  total  resulting  
load  weight?  
• Can  you  do  the  job  alone  or  do  you  need  help?  

For  each  task  you  will  need  to  make  your  assessment  by  close  
observation  and  identification  of  the  stock  or  materials  to  be  moved,  
the  actual  relocation  site,  the  route  to  that  site  and  the  manual  
handling  procedures  most  suitable  to  the  task.    When  you  have  
observed  and  considered  all  these  elements  you  need  to  plan  your  
relocation.  

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 23


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Activity 7: Planning load relocation

Use this planning checklist to make sure that you have all the
information you need and have considered all risks associated with
shifting materials and relocating loads. You may like to photocopy
these sheets and use them for several load relocation tasks. If you
are shifting materials with a team, you can complete the checklist
together.

Load relocation Answer


checklist

How will you identify


the stock you are
relocating?

What quantities are


you relocating?

Are there any hazards


and safety regulations
covering the handling
of this stock?

Where are you taking


the load?

Have you observed the


exact location?

Which route is the


quickest?

Page 24 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Load relocation Answer


checklist

Are there any safety


hazards along the
way?

How will you avoid or


minimise hazards?

Does the load fit along


the route?

How will you lift the


load?

How will you carry the


load?

How will you place the


load in the new
location?

Can you do the job


alone or do you need
help?

Who will help you?

Do you need any


equipment?

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 25


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Load relocation Answer


checklist

Are you adding the


load to an existing
load?

How will the existing


load be affected?

How will you minimise


the effect of relocation
on the existing load
and ensure the safety
of the combined load?

Does this plan comply


with workplace
practices and
procedures?

Page 26 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Ask your trainer to check the plan and give you feedback and
suggestions before you perform the task.

Write your trainer’s suggestions here:

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

Incorporate your trainer’s suggestions into the relocation plan.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 27


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Relocating the load

Put  your  plan  into  action  and  follow  the  steps  you  have  outlined.    You  
should  not  need  to  make  any  adjustments  to  your  relocation  plan  if  
you  have  considered  everything  carefully  beforehand.    

Since  you  are  taking  responsibility  for  the  task  you  should  make  sure  
that  all  activities  are  performed  with  due  care  whether  you  are  
working  alone  or  with  a  team.  In  particular,  make  sure  that  your  
manual  handling  techniques  are  followed  correctly.  

If  you  are  working  with  a  team,  make  sure  that  each  team  member  
understands  the  plan  and  the  correct  procedures  for  lifting,  carrying,  
pulling,  pushing  and  setting  down.    Make  sure  you  have  a  set  of  agreed  
instructions  for  each  of  the  movements  you  are  making.    Talk  the  team  
through  the  plan  and  the  instructions  you  will  be  calling  to  them.  

Follow  the  exact  route  that  you  have  selected.    Make  sure  you  have  
clearance  beforehand,  especially  if  other  people  are  performing  similar  
tasks  in  the  same  area.  

When  you  have  set  the  goods  down  in  their  new  location,  check  the  
stability  from  all  angles  and  consider  pressures  or  incidents  that  may  
affect  the  stability  of  the  load.    Do  the  relocated  goods  comply  with  
workplace  regulations?  

Make  sure  that  you  report  any  changes  to  the  plan  or  to  the  condition  
of  the  goods.  

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Activity 8: Performance checklist for load relocation

When you have shifted the load and set it down, check through the
following items:

Did you: 

• use the correct lifting, lowering, carrying, pulling or


pushing techniques?

• apply and coordinate team lifting tasks if


appropriate?

• follow the planned route?

• set down the goods without damage to goods,


personnel or equipment?

• check the stability of the relocated goods?

• check the relocated goods for compliance with


workplace procedures?

• report any damage to goods or variance from


expected outcome?

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 29


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Page 30 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Additional
resources

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 31


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Publications:  
• Ackerman  K.B.  Practical  Handbook  of  Warehousing,  Van  
Nostrand  Reinhold,  New  York  
• Lindkvist  R.G.T  Handbook  of  Materials  Handling,  Ellis  
Horwood  Ltd,  Chichester,  UK  1985  
• Tomkins  &  Smith  The  Warehouse  Management  Handbook,  
Megraw  Hill  Book  Company,  USA  
• Occupational  Health,  Safety  &  Welfare  Regulations,  1995  
• Occupational  Health,  Safety  and  Welfare  Act,  1986.  
Regulations  and  Approved  Code  of  Practice.  Manual  
Handling  No2  1990  
• Workplace  Health  &  Safety  Handbook,  Occupational  Health  
&  Safety  Commission,  1992  
• Understanding  Manual  Handling,  Occupational  Health  &  
Safety  Commission  
• Young  Workers  and  Manual  Handling  -­‐  Issues  for  Employers,  
Occupational  Health  &  Safety  Commission  
• Manual  Handling  -­‐  Health  and  Safety  Issues  for  Women  
Workers,  Occupational  Health  and  Safety  Commission  

Videos:  
• Manual  Handling  -­‐  Safetycare  Series  
• Recognition,  Evaluation  &  Control  of  Hazards  -­‐  Safetycare  
Series  
• Slips,  Trips  and  Falls  -­‐  Safetycare  Series  
• An  easy  guide  to  manual  handling  -­‐  Avoiding  back  strains  
&  pains  -­‐  Workplace  Video  Productions  

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ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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Feedback on
activities
The responses provided in this section are suggested responses.
Because every workplace is different, your responses may vary
according to your specific workplace procedures, the equipment
available and the nature of the business.

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 33


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Activity 1: Injuries arising from manual handling

What percentage of workplace injuries does manual handling


cause?

Percentage 

5% ?

10% ?

20% ?

33% ? 

50% ?

The actual statistic is one in every three, or 33%.

This is a significant amount when you think of it in relation to the


large number of manufacturing jobs where workers are constantly
involved with machinery. The main object is to get you to think
more about that statistic: one out of every three workplace injuries.

Page 34 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


ADELG1003 Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March
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TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

Activity 3: List common warehouse hazards

Some of the hazards and risks that you might have thought of are:

Hazard Risk

Heavy objects Muscular sprains and strains

Items with sharp or rough Cuts, abrasions and punctures.


edges

Hazardous substances like Burns, poisoning, cancer.


acid, alkaline, radioactive
material

Animals Kicks, bites, scratches.

Small, frequent movements Swelling of ligaments or joints.

Unnatural movement, such as Fatigue, aches & pains, sprains


bending reaching, twisting & strains

Awkward posture with little or Sprains, strains, fatigue,


no freedom increased blood pressure

Vibration Feeling loss, reduced blood flow

Static loading and physical Fatigue, aches & pains,


exertion increased blood pressure

Activity 4: Improving manual handling

Many ideas to improve manual materials handling are presented in


the Manual Handling Approved Code of Practice. You can review
these when you read this reference.

Some of the ideas that you might have considered to improve your
manual handling methods are:
• plan the movement before you lift, carry, hold, push, etc.
• stand close to the load
• bend your legs, not your back - keep your back straight
• apply a firm grip, keep the load close to your body
• don’t jerk the load; move or lift it smoothly
• use your feet to turn, don’t twist your body

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 35


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003
TLID107C Shift materials safely using manual handling methods

• avoid pulling a load - pushing allows you to apply your body


force
• arrange your workstation to ensure that frequently used items
are in easy reach
• avoid reaching down and behind if at all possible
• use any available support
• vary tasks to rest specific muscles
• use mechanical aids or get assistance (team lifting)
• prepare areas for receipt of goods beforehand.

Activity 6: Use manual materials handling techniques

Part one

As you consider all the risks associated with each of the three
loads you will find that a checklist would be very useful.

Create a checklist and discuss it with your trainer; ask for


suggestions.

Incorporate these suggestions in your final checklist.

Part two

Check list for carrying out manual handling tasks:

Did you: Yes No

1. Plan each task?

2. Check weights and size to assess if the object


was within your abilities?

3. Obtain personal assistance if beyond your


abilities?

4. Use mechanical assistance - trolley, cart, steps


(for high level object)?

5. When lifting, place your feet close to the


object, bend at the knees, (not your back) and
get a firm grip on the item?

6. Use appropriate protective equipment; i.e.


gloves?

7. Ensure that the distance to move the object

Page 36 © Australian National Training Authority 2003


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was not excessive if you decided to carry the


object?

8. Prepare the space to receive the object prior to


moving it?

© Australian National Training Authority 2003 Page 37


Customised and Developed by Armstrong’s Driver Education P/L March 2008 ADELG1003