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- The Selection
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- The Eye of the World: Book One of 'The Wheel of Time'
- The One
- The Magnolia Story
- The Heir
- The Duchess Deal: Girl Meets Duke
- To All the Boys I've Loved Before
- Evil Under the Sun: A Hercule Poirot Mystery
- Kitchen Confidential
- What She Knew: A Novel
- Death on the Nile: Hercule Poirot Investigates
- The Cinderella Murder: An Under Suspicion Novel
- Sh*t My Dad Says
- After You: A Novel

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(Last)

(First)

Answer all of the following questions. Read each question carefully. Fill

the correct bubble on your scantron sheet. All questions are worth the

same amount of points. Each question has exactly one correct answer.

1.

vector

A. can oscillate in any direction in space.

B. must oscillate in the z direction

C. must oscillate in the x direction

must oscillate in the yz plane (The E field is in a plane

D. perpendicular to the direction of propagation. But it can be in

any direction in that plane)

E. must have a constant component in the x direction

(Last)

(First)

2.

A laser beam of power 4.60 W and diameter 2.6 mm is directed upward at one circular

face (of diameter d<2.6 mm) of a perfectly reflecting cylinder which is made to hover by

the beam's radiation pressure. The cylinder's density is 1.2 g/cm3. What is the cylinder's

height H?

H

2.6 mm

A.

B.

0.25 m

0.49 m

mg = pAcylinder

2 Power

2 Power

2 4.6

= 4.9 10 7 m

H =

=

p =

cA

cA

g

beam

beam

4

m = Acylinder H

C.

D.

E.

1.49 mm

2.6 cm

The problem has no reasonable physical solution. One finds that the height H is of

the order of the diameter of an atom (namely less 10-10m)

(Last)

(First)

3.

refraction that will produce total reflection of the indicated ray is

approximately

A.

B

C.

D.

E.

0.94

1.28

1.50

1.65

1.88

Total reflection starts to appear when the transmitted ray makes a

90 angle with the normal:

n g sin 45 = 1.33 sin 90 n g = 1.33 2 = 1.88

(Last)

(First)

4.

liquid. From the diagram you can determine that the speed of light in

this liquid is approximately

c

v

4

1 = 51.1

3

2.25

tan 2 =

2 = 29.4

4

c sin 2 3 10 8 0.49

c

sin 2 = sin 1 v =

=

= 1.83 10 8 m / s

v

sin 1

0.8

tan 1 =

B

C.

D.

E.

2.24

2.50

2.73

3.00

108 m/s

108 m/s

108 m/s

108 m/s

(Last)

(First)

5.

60

30

beam is completely plane polarized, the index of refraction of the

glass must be

A.

B

C.

D.

1.16

1.33

1.56

1.73

The reflected and refracted rays make a right angle.

sin 60 = n sin 30 n = 3

E.

2.00

(Last)

(First)

An electromagnetic plane wave propagates through empty space. The

r

B

magnetic field is given by ( z, t ) = ( B0 x i + B0 y j ) sin(kz + t ) . B0x and B0y

are positive constants.

6.

A.

B

C.

D.

E.

7.

x

-x

y

z

-z

The space time dependence is kz+t. A crest at z0 at t=0

(kz0=/2) is at z=z0- (/k)t at time t (so that kz+t= kz0=/2).

Since z decreases at t increases, the crest moves in the z

direction.

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

k

2k

k

(Last)

(First)

8.

A.

B

C.

D.

E.

9.

r

E ( z, t ) = c ( B0 x i + B0 y j ) sin(kz + t )

r

E ( z , t ) = c ( B0 y i + B0 x j ) sin(kz + t )

r

r

r

r

r r

r

E ( z, t ) = c ( B0 x i + B0 y j ) sin( kz + t )

r

E ( z, t ) = c ( B0 y i B0 x j ) sin(kz + t )

r

E ( z, t ) = cB0 y j sin(kz + t )

What can you say about the polarization of this plane wave?

A. The wave is unpolarized

B The wave is polarized but not linearly polarized

The wave is linearly polarized

C. r

E is always parallel to the constant vector ( B0 y i + B0 x j )

D. The notion of polarization applies only to visible light. The

wave is linearly polarized if it is a visible light wave.

E. Can't say anything about polarization without the values of B0x

and B0y

(Last)

(First)

10. If the frequency of the wave is a radio frequency, what should be the

from the wave?

r

n

A.

B

C.

D.

E.

r

n is parallel to ( B0 x i + B0 y j )

r

r

B must be along n to maximize the change of magnetic flux.

r

n is parallel to ( B0 y i + B0 x j )

r

n is parallel to B0 x i

r

n is parallel to B0 y j

r

n is parallel to ( B0 x i B0 y j )

11. At point z, what is the time average value of the intensity of the wave?

A.

c

( B02x + B02y )

0

c

( B02x + B02y )

2 0

I average

C.

D.

E.

r r

EB

=

0

=

time average

c

c

( B02x + B02y ) < sin 2 (kz + t ) > time average =

( B02x + B02y )

0

2 0

c

( B02x + B02y ) cos 2 (kz )

20

c

( B02x + B02y ) sin 2 (kz )

20

0

(Last)

(First)

The size of the mesh is d.

d

How should the wavelength of the radio wave compare with d so that

the signal could still be detected inside of the Faraday cage?

A. d <<

d >>

B

(Recall the video shown in class)

C. The wave is always detected no matter what d is

D. The wave is never detected no matter what d is

A beam of light polarized in the x direction is traveling in the z direction. It

passes through a polarizer, travels some distance, and reaches an analyzer .

You can orient the polarization axis of the analyzer only in the x or the y

direction.

You find that the intensity is 3 times smaller when the polarization axis of

the analyzer is in the y direction than it is when the polarization axis is in the

x direction (

Ix

= 3)

Iy

(Last)

(First)

13. What is the angle between the polarization axis of the polarizer and

the x axis?

A. 0

30

If is the angle of the polarizer's polarization axis with the x

axis, and I the intensity of the light beam between the polarizer

B and the analyzer,

I x = I cos 2

1

tan =

2

I y = I sin

3

C. 45

D. 60

E. 80

14. Suppose that the original light beam were polarized in the y direction,

I

everything else remaining the same. What ratio x would you have

Iy

observed?

A. 1/2

3

Using polarized light would change the beam intensity I between

B the polarizer and the analyzer. But it would not change the ratio

Ix

(as long as I is not 0 which is the case here).

Iy

C. 3/2

D. 1

E. 1/6

10

(Last)

(First)

D

The figure shows an idealized submarine

periscope that consists of two parallel plane

mirrors set at 45 degrees to the vertical

periscope axis and separated by a distance L.

A penguin is sighted at a distance D from the

middle point of the top mirror.

1). [15 pts] On the next page, draw a ray diagram to locate the image of the

penguin given by the periscope (represent the penguin with an arrow).

Draw 2 rays coming from the top of the arrow and 2 rays coming from

the bottom of the arrow.

2). [3 pts] Is the image seen by a submarine officer real or virtual? Explain.

The image is virtual. There is no light ray at the location of the image.

3). [3 pts] Does the image have the same orientation as the penguin or is it

inverted?

The image has the same orientation as the penguin (see diagram)

4). [3 pts] Is the image size less than, the same or greater than the object size?

Explain.

The image has the same size (a plane mirror has a magnification equal to 1).

5). [6 pts] What is the distance between the image and the bottom mirror? Show

your work.

The image of the penguin in the top mirror is a distance D from the top mirror.

That image is used as the object to construct the image of the penguin in the

second mirror. It is a distance D+L from the bottom mirror.

Thus the image of the penguin is a distance D+L from the bottom mirror.

11

(Last)

(First)

D+L

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