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SERVICIO NACIONAL DE APRENDIZAJE SENA

SISTEMA INTEGRADO DE GESTIÓN
Procedimiento Ejecución de la Formación Profesional Integral
WORKSHOP

NAME: CAMILA PEREZ BOHORQUEZ

Versión: 02
Fecha: 30/09/2013
Código: F004-P006GFPI

DATE: _September 1, 2015__

EXPLANATION: MODAL VERBS
Estudia con atención toda la explicación y luego desarrolla los
ejercicio propuestos.
En este taller usted va a encontrar un nuevo tema relacionado con los
verbos modales del inglés. Los verbos modales te ayudan a expresar lo
que puedes hacer, lo que deberías hacer, lo que tienes que hacer y lo
que es permitido hacer. Observa con atención.

The following explanation was retrived from: http://www.gingersoftware.com/content/grammarrules/verbs/modal-verbs/

I could fly via Amsterdam if I leave the day before. Could I talk to your supervisor please? Make a suggestion – To make a suggestion use: Could + base form of the verb (informal) 1. 2. Can you lend me ten dollars? Can + base form of the verb (informal) 1. 2. Lisa can’t speak French.Modal Verbs: Can. . He can’t see you right now. Could Can. 3. 3. Could + subject + base form of the verb (polite) 1. Tom can write poetry very well. Be Able To 1. The support team will be able to help you in about ten minutes. could and be able to are used to express a variety of ideas in English: Present and Future: 1. Could. Exercises: Can. Mike is able to solve complicated math equations 2. could + base form of the verb 1. You can catch that train at 10:43. I won’t be able to visit you next summer. Ben could not help his little brother with his homework yesterday. could or be able to as in the examples. Ask Permission / Give Permission Can + Subject + base form of the verb (informal) 1. When I was a child I couldplay the guitar Possibility / Impossibility can / can’t + base form of the verb 1. 1. Be able to Fill in the correct form of can. You can borrow my car. Past: could / couldn’t + base form of the verb 1. He’s in surgery. I can help you with that next week. You could take the tour of the castle tomorrow. Could I have your number? 2.

2. You may start your exam now. 2. Adam and Sue may not buy that house. may not / might not + base form of the verb 1. Our company might get the order if the client agrees to the price. We may go out dinner tonight. John will be home soon. _WILL_____ you __ABLE TO____ reach the customer if you call him at 4:00 his time? Answers: 1. ___COULD___ you please call a tow truck for me? My car broke down. We might as well take Friday off. Might Formal Permission / Formal Prohibition may / may not + base form of the verb 1. aren’t able 4. Can I call you later tonight? 1. ____CAN__ you teach me how to fix my computer? You’re so good at it. ___COULD__ Tony run long distances when he was a boy? 2. It’s very expensive. Could 3. They might not buy a house at all. Do you want to join us? 2. You may as well come inside. Can 5. You may not wear sandals to work. The bookstore is all out of them. May I help you? Possibility / Negative Possibility may/ might + base form of the verb 1. The students ___AREN´T ABLE____ to buy their textbooks today. 4. Will/be able to May. Polite Request May + subject + base form of the verb 1. . 2. There’s no work to be done anyway. To Make a Suggestion (when there is no better alternative) may as well / might as well + base form of the verb 1.2. (polite) 3. Could 2. 5.

1. You might like to try the salmon fillet. Ought to To Offer of Assistance or Polite Suggestion (When you are quite sure of a positive answer) Shall + subject + base form of the verb 1. You should check that document before you send it out. 5. To Give Advice should / ought to + base form of the verb 1. It’s reserved for guests of the hotel only. Should I call a doctor? A Prediction or Expectation that Something Will Happen should/shouldn’t + base form of the verb 1. The train usually arrives on time.Polite Suggestion might + base form of the verb 1. 2. You __MAY NOT____ park your car here. might 3. May I sit here? 1. Answers: 1. I shouldn’t be late. Exercises: May / Might Fill in the correct form of may or might as in the example. may not Shall. might not 2. . may as well 5. 2. It is used instead of will only in formal English. Shall we go for a walk? Note: Shall is only used with I or we. He’s in Paris anyway. He _MAY AS WELL______ visit the Louvre. The proposal should be finished on time. The main engineer is ill. You _MIGHT____ want to stop by the museum gift shop on your way out. To Offer of Assistance or Polite Suggestion (When you are not sure of a positive answer) Should + subject + base form of the verb 1. They __MIGHT NOT____ finish the project on time. It’s our special today. __MAY___ I have your autograph? 4. Should. May 4. 3.

You must have a passport to cross the border. 1.2. something in which you have a choice. shouldn’t or ought in the following sentences as in the example. It’s not polite. You ought to have your car serviced before the winter. 3. Needn’t Necessity or Requirement Present and Future: must / have to / need to + base form of the verb 1. You ___SHOULDN´T_____ put your feet on the table. 4. The house __SHOULD____ be ready to move into by next month. His French must be very good. but many times. I need to drop by his room to pick up a book. Past: had to / needed to + base form of the verb 1. 1. Shouldn’t. You __SHOULD___ get your teeth cleaned at least once a year. It’s almost finished. I needed to drink a few cups of coffee in order to stay awake. If he doesn’t. Elisabeth has to apply for her visa by March 10th. Ron ____OUGHT____ to improve his attitude. Almost 100% Certain must + base form of the verb 1. He shouldn’t encourage such bad behavior. 2. James shouldn’t teach him words like those. 2. he might get fired. Exercises: Should. Thomas has lived in Paris for years. To Give Advice (about something you think wrong or unacceptable) shouldn’t + base form of the verb 1. 2. Don’t have to. I had to work late last night. Note: have to and need to are often used in the same context. . Have to. Ought To Fill in should. 5. Must. ___SHOULD_____ I get your jacket? It’s cold in here. Prohibited or Forbidden must not / mustn’t + base form of the verb 1. You must not drive over the speed limit. 3. You mustn’t leave medicines where children can get to them. 2. Need to. need to is used to express something that is less urgent.

needn’t + base form of the verb 1. 2.com/watch?v=SaBH_huiJSM https://prezi. John will pick you up at 7:00am.com/lhgtsypo1jeo/modals-verbs/ Explaining modal verbs.Lack of Necessity don’t /doesn’t /didn’t + have to + base form of the verb 1. Look at the images (1-6) and rewrite each situation using modals. Habitual Past Action Would/Wouldn’t + base form of the verb 1. It’s a holiday. Would you mind if I sat here? 3. ACTIVITY 1. Polite Request or Statement Will / Would + base form of the verb 1. Tim doesn’t have to go to school today. please watch them: https://www. The hotel valet will do it for you. When I was a child. Peter wouldn’t eat broccoli when he was a kid. He loves it now. I’d (I would) like to sign up for your workshop. Modals: Will / Would will / won’t + base form of the verb 1. 2. Beth won’t be happy with the results of the exam. You don’t have to park the car. 2. I would spend hours playing with my train set. I’ll be fine. Will you please take the trash out? 2. The two links below contain videos about the explanation of this topic. You needn’t worry about me.youtube. Look at the example: .

could you turn on the tv? can you turn on the tv? 6. Look at the following charts and identify the way modal verbs are used. could you close the window? can you close the window? 5. 1) CAN ability permissio n request offer suggestio n YOUR EXAMPLES I can speak English. I CAN BORROW YOU ONLY ONE THOUSAND PESOS. could you speak slower please? can you speak slower please? 2. Write examples in each case. Can we visit Grandma at the weekend? CAN WE TRAVEL TOGETHER? . could i borrow your book? can i borrow your book? may i borrow your book? 8. could i drink some water? can i drink some water? may i drink some water? 4. could i use the telephone? can i use the telephone? 7. could i use the computer? can i use the computer? may i use the computer? 3. I CAN WALK Can I go to the cinema? CAN I GO TO THE PARTY? Can you wait a moment. please? CAN YOU STOP THE CAR PLEASE? I can lend you my car till tomorrow.Example: 1 Can you open the door? Could you open the door? 2. could i get a sandwish? can i get a sandwich? may i get a sandwich? 9.

I COULD GO TO THE PARTY Could I go to the cinema. IT COULD BE INTERESTING YOUR EXAMPLES Examples It may rain today. IT MAY BE AN INTERESTING TOPIC May I go to the cinema? MAY I GO TO THE BATHROOM PLEASE? May I help you? MAY YOU HELP ME? YOUR EXAMPLES 3) MAY Use possibility permission polite suggestion 4) MIGHT Use possibility (less possible than may) * hesitant offer * Examples It might rain today. I COULD BORROW YOU ONLY ONE THOUSAND PESOS. please? COULD YOU STOP THE CAR PLEASE? I could lend you my car till tomorrow. 2) COULD Use Ability in the past permission to do sth. in the past polite question * polite request * polite offer * polite suggestion * possibility * COULD EXAMPLES I could speak English.possibility It can get very hot in Arizona. please? COULD I GO TO THE PARTY? Could you wait a moment. Could we visit Grandma at the weekend? COULD WE TRAVEL TOGETHER? It could get very hot in Montana. I COULD RUN SO FAST I could go to the cinema. IT MIGHT SNOW IN NEW YORK THIS MORNING Might I help YOUR EXAMPLES . IT CAN GET ILL CAUSE OF THE WEATHER.

Write your examples here YOU MUST DO YOUR TASKS YOU MUST BE FRUSTRATED YOU MUST GO TO THE NEW SHOPPING CENTER 6) MUST NOT/ Use prohibition Examples You mustn't work on dad's computer. necessity possibility advice. Write your examples here YOU OUGHT TO BE CAREFULY WITH THE BABY YOU OUGHT TO TURN OFF THE TV WHEN NOBODY IS WATHCHING. You must be tired. recommendation Examples I must go to the supermarket today. Write your examples here YOU MUSTN´T USE YOUR SISTER´S CLOTHES 7) OUGHT TO Use advice obligation Examples You ought to drive carefully in bad weather. 9) SHALL : I/WE Use suggestion Write your examples here SHALL I BRING YOUR PET? SHALL WE DINNER? Examples Shall I carry your bag? Shall we go? . You must see the new film with Brad Pitt.you? MIGHT YOU HELP ME? 5) MUST Use force. You ought to switch off the light when you leave the room.

englishch. I will stop smoking. Write your examples here YOU SHOULD USE BETTER CLOTHES TO GO TO STUDY YOU SHOULD USE SUN LIGHT DURING THE DAY 11)WILL Use wish.co. Write your examples here WILL YOU BRING ME THAT GLASS PLEASE? I BELIEVE IT WILL BE A SUNNY DAY TOMORROW I WILL STOP DRINKING CAN SOMEBODY HELP ME TO CATCH MY PET? I WILL. request.uk/search? q=THE+PRESENT+PERFECT+IN+ENGLISH&biw=1280&bih=911 &source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=vbJmVf3HPMTtsAWswIHgA w&ved=0CAgQ_AUoAw#imgrc=Z3wA6x3IGRZiSM%253A %3BdVE3m2KFSE1pAM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Ftx.google. You should switch off the light when you leave the room. Example: I have studied English for two years= you started in the past and you may be studying at present. demand. Can somebody drive me to the station? .com%252Fteacher%252Fjocelyn%252Fothers%252Fthepresent-perfect%252F%3B685%3B334 .jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Ftx.10) SHOULD Use advice obligation Examples You should drive carefully in bad weather. order (less polite than would) prediction.I will. THEY WILL DRINK FOR HOURS AS ALWAYS THEY DO. She's strange. EXPLANATION: THE PRESENT PERFECT In this section you will learn how to use the present perfect tense. assumption promise spontaneous decision habits Examples Will you please shut the door? I think it will rain on Friday. Look at the image and identify when the present perfect is used: Retrived from: https://www. she'll sit for hours without talking.com%252Fteacher%252Fjocelyn%252Fthe%252520present %252520perfect.englishch. The present perfect is used to express unfinished actions.

they / ask / a question ___THEY HAVE ASKED A QUESTION__ 2. THEY HAVE STOPED WE HAVE DANCE HE HASN´T WRITTEN A LETTER They have not stopped. positive negative question He has written a letter. the waiter / bring / the tea __THE WAITER HAS BROUGHT THE TEA___ 4. you / ever / write / a poem __YOU HAVE EVER WRITTEN A POEM__ . Annie / not / forget / her homework _ANNIE HASN’T FORGOTTEN HER HOMEWORK__ Write questions in present perfect simple. SHE HASN’T WORKED HAS SHE WORKED? ANDY HAS SLEPT Andy has not slept.The PRESENT PERFECT TENSE has the following structure: The auxiliary verb “to have" and the past participle of a verb. HAS HE WRITTEN A LETTER? HAVE THEY STOPED WE HAVENT DANCE Have we danced? She has worked. he / speak / English ____HE HAS SPOKEN ENGLISH___ 3. Sue / kiss / Ben _SUE HAS KISSED TO BEN__ 3. 1. The following chart show you the present perfect forms: Complete the table in present perfect simple. we / not / wash / the car __WE HAVE NOT WASHED THE CAR__ 5. 1. HAS ANDY SLEPT? Write sentences in present perfect simple. Marilyn / pay / the bill _MARILYN HAS PAID THE BILL__ 5. they / finish / their homework _THEY HAVE FINISHED THEIR HOMEWORK____ 2. I / be / in my room ___I HAVE BEEN IN MY ROOM____ 4.

-"Dan and Kelly have just had a baby girl" (it means the baby was born a few days ago)  Position: before the participle. (to wash) EXPLANATION ACTIVITY 2. -He has just got a letter._MY SISTER HASN’T ARRIVED HOME YET__ b) Our neighbours have already cut the old tree __OUR NEIGHBORURS HAVENT CUT THE OLD TREE YET__. but he hasn`t opened it yet. They have talked about art at school.  It is used in negative and interrogative sentences: "Have they arrived yet?" "She hasn't eaten anything yet"  Position within the sentence: at the end of the sentence.__MY PARENTS HAVENT DECIDED TO BUY A NEW CAR YET__. 1. HOW MANY PAGES HAS CAROL READ? 5. d) My parents have already decided to buy a new car . (to have) 6) We __HAVE DONE__the shopping for our grandmother (to do) 7) I _HAVE _ just ___CLEANED__my bike. c) Alex has already finished his dinner. WHAT HAS OLIVER COOKED? 4. We use JUST to talk about actions that happened RECENTLY.You have heard the song 100 times. (to visit) 3) I _HAVE BEEN__at the pet shop. (to paint) 9) Lisa and Colin __HAVE GONE____to a concert. (to clean) 8) Emily __HAS PAINTED__her room.Ask for the information in the bold part of the sentence. . (to send) 2) Dave and Pat __HAVE VISITED__the museum. Use Present Perfect. Use the short forms of verbs ALREAD We use ALREADY to talk about an action that has been Y completed before we expected. _ALEX HASN’T FINISHED HIS DINNER YET__. WHAT HAVE YOU HEARD ONE HUNDRED TIMES? 1 Put in the verbs in brackets into the gaps. WHAT HAVE THEY DONE AT SCHOOL? 2. (to pack) 5) Marcus __HAS HAD__ an accident. Jane has got a letter. (to be) 4) They __HAVE__already __PACKED__their rucksacks. Change the following sentences into the negative.  It is normally used in affirmative sentences: "We have already had lunch" YET JUST We use YET to talk about an action that hasn't been completed. (to give up) 11) I __HAVE WASHED__ my father's car. Caron has read seven pages. but we expect it to happen. WHERE HAS THIS LETTER COME FROM? 3. Pay attention to ALREADY and YET. 1) Karen _HAS SENT_me an e-mail. (to go) 10) My friends ___HAVE GIVEN UP___smoking. (haven't/hasn't) a) My sister has already arrived home . Oliver has cooked dinner.

he __HAS JUST MADE_ (just/make) a delicious apple pie. h) My cousin hasn`t travelled to New York yet. (already)__THE DIRECTOS HAS ALREADY TALKED TO HIM_ . __HAS ALEX FINISHED HIS DINNER YET? d) My parents have already decided to buy a new car. Pay attention to ALREADY and YET. 4 Change the following sentences into the positive. _WE HAVE ALREADY WASHED THE DISHES_. a) The baker _HAS ALREADY BAKED__ (already/bake) a lot of cakes. (already)___I HAVE ALREADY MADE MY BED__ 4.e) The teacher has already given the results of the last exam. Remember to include the adverbs in it. _HAS MY SISTER ARRIVED HOME YET? _. __JANE AND SARA HAVE ALREADY SEEN THAT FILM __. (yet) We / leave / the motorway. __THE TEACHER HASN’T GIVEN THE RESULT OF THE EXAM YET_ 3 Change the following sentences into yes/no questions. (just)_HE HAS JUST MET HIS FRIEND___ 2. 6 Fill in all the gaps with the correct sentence. but they __HAVENT FOUND __ (not/find) the treasure___YET___. butter rolls and bread. Pay attention to ALREADY and YET! Use the short forms of verbs (haven't/hasn't) f) I haven`t bought all my Christmas presents yet. 1. I_HAVE JUST BEEN_ (just/be) there. but they _HAVENT REPAIRED_ (not/repair) it _YET_. he / meet / his friend. __SHE HAS ALREADY SENT ALL THE POSTCARDS _. you / not drink / your glass of Coke. The director / talk / to him. c) The taylor___HASNT FINISHED __ (not/finish) the suit__YET___. 5 Complete the sentences. b) Our neighbours have already cut the old tree __HAVE OUR NEIGHBOURS CUT THE OLD TREE YET? _. g) We haven`t washed the dishes yet. d) The pirates _HAVE ALREADY FOUND____ (already/find) the treasure map. a) My sister has already arrived home. __MY COUSIN HAS ALREADY TRAVELED TO NEW YORK_. i) Jane and Sara haven`t seen that film yet. (yet)___YOU HAVENT DRUNK YOUR GLASS OF COKE YET____ 3. We / not arrive. In fact. b) My car broke down yesterday and I took it to the garage. _HAVE MY PARENTS DECIDED TO BUY A NEW CAR YET?_. c) Alex has already finished his dinner. (just)__WE HAVENT ARRIVED YET__ __WE HAVE JUST LEFT THE MOTORWAY ___ 5. I / make / my bed. _I HAVE ALREADY BOUGHT ALL MY CHRISTMAS PRESENTS__. j) She hasn`t sent all the postcards yet.

(just) He / win / the lottery. (just) __HE HAS JUS BEEN REALLY LUCKY. (yet) But she wants to buy it soon _SHE HASN’T BOUGHT THE FLAT YET BUT SHE WANTS TO BUY IT SOON____ 8. (yet)___PAUL HASN’T PAID FOR THE DINNER YET____ . We / hear / the news.6. ITS HORRIBLE__ 10. (just)_I HAVE JUST WRITTEN THE EMAIL YOU ASKED ME ___ 7. Paul / not pay / for the dinner. HE HAS JUST WON THE LOTTERY 9. She / not buy / the flat. (already) It's horrible__WE HAVE ALREADY HEARD THE NEWS. He / be / really lucky. I / write / the e-mail you asked me.