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AIM - 120
CALIFORNIA BEARING RATIO
TEST APPARATUS
(Motorised)

Operating Instructions

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California Bearing Ratio Test Apparatus The equipment comprises of the following : 1 No. Rammer 2. 18 x 19 19. 6. Rammer 4. Load Frame. Tripod Stand for dial gauge 12. Extension Collar. 147mm dia with 53mm central hole 9. each 1. Mould 150mm dia x 175mm high 3. capacity 50 kN (5000 kgf) 16. Proving Ring. Perforated plate.01 mm least count 17.5 kg (slotted) 10.9 kg x 450mm controlled fall 15. 1 . Cutting Collar 13. size 10 x 11 . One Tommy Pin 18. Motorised 50kN Capacity 2. Displacer Block 148mm dia x 47mm long with detachable handle 8. Surcharge Weight. Dial gauge 25mm. 148mm dia with adjustable stem and lock nut 11. Annular Surcharge Weight 2. Perforated Base Plate for mould 4. Penetration piston face dia 50mm. One copy of Operating Instructions with General Assembly Drawing. 2. Two Spanners.5 kg. Adjustable Bracket for mounting penetration dial gauge 7. 0.6 kg x 310mm controlled fall 14. 150mm dia x 50mm high 5.

sturdy and versatile.25mm/min. A handle is provided for working the load frame in case of power failure. It operates on 230 volts. A strain dial gauge bracket (15) is provided. A forward reverse switch (23) is also provided. Capacity of the unit is 50 kN (5000 kgf) and rate of travel of the lead screw is 1. AC supply. A motor with a gear box is coupled to a clutch through a pulley and belt. gravel and crushed stone can be tested. It is also used for the selection of material and control of subgrade. 50 Hz. A proving ring (17) is to be fixed to the adaptor. Description AIM-120 CBR Test Apparatus The equipment is illustrated in the General Assembly Drawing and the numbers given against the components of the equipment in the description below pertain to this drawing. A rotating hexagonal adaptor (19) is located on the cross head. Two support pillars (21) are fixed to the main body. This apparatus uses motorised load frame.Operating Instructions California Bearing Ratio Test Apparatus Introduction The California Bearing Ratio (CBR) Test Apparatus meets the requirements of IS:2720 (Part XVI). Load Frame. 50kN(500kgf). single phase. It is used for the laboratory determination of California Bearing Ratio and Expansion Characteristics of undisturbed soil specimens obtained from the field and also of remoulded specimens of the soil compacted in the laboratory by static or dynamic compaction. The support pillars are threaded at the top and a Cross Head (20) can be located and secured in position over the entire threaded length of the pillars. 2 . Levelling screws (26) are provided for levelling. Load Frame The Load Frame consists of a body fixed on to a base. other components are the same as described above. All types of soils such as sand. Motorised. AIM-120 is supplied with Load Frame Cap. The load application is achieved by the upward movement of the lead screw which is secured against rotation by a sliding key. Motorised having three constant rates of strain. The clutch is operated by a lever to engage or disengage the motor drive. single speed is portable.

A clamp is provided to hold to a dial gauge. Penetration: Piston The Penetration Piston (16) is a steel cylinder with 50mm dia. Block This acts as a false bottom in the cylindrical mould (13) during the compaction process to give the required height of the compacted specimen. Displacer : The Displacer Block (7) is made of s teel and is machined on all sides. The tripod fits on the top rim of the mould in a three point mounting of undisturbed samples in the field. A reamed holeand a locking screw are provided for a dial gauge bracket (15). and the collar (8). can be clamped. A handle is provided to remove the displacer disc after compaction. Standard thread is provided at one end for screwing into the abutment of proving ring (17). Surcharge : Two Surcharge Weight (3) is an annular disc weighing 2. The dial gauge is easily mounted. Collar : The Collar (8) is an open cylinder and has two bosses. Perforated : Plate The Perforated Brass Plate (4) has an adjustable stem (5) and a lock nut. A dial gauge for measuring the penetration can be fixed to the bracket. Tripod The Tripod (1) is made from a one piece casting to ensure proper alignment and stability at all times.5 kg each and is used for application for surcharge loads on the soil surface during soaking and penetration. : 3 . It has two studs. It is provided with a recess for positioning on the mould. It acts as a spacer between the soil surface and a dial gauge mounted on a tripod in the swell test. adjusted and removed.Mould : It is an open ended cylinder with an inside dia of 150mm and height of 175mm. One is slotted and other is annular. The bracket can be assembled with the penetration piston. Bracket : Bracket (15) consists of two rods arranged perpendicular to each other. the mould (13). Both. It is provided with two bosses for clamping. Base Plate : It is a circular perforated plate (11) with a recess for positioning at either end of the mould. One rod with head having a bolt and nut slides through the head of the second rod and it can be locked in any position by a locking screw.

9 kg in weight with 50mm diameter ramming face falling freely through a 450mm controlled drop. Dial Gauge : The Dial Gauge (14) measures the penetration of the piston.Cutting Collar : The Cutting Collar (6) is made of seamless steel. Remoulded Specimen The dry density for remoulding shall be either the field density. 4 . The moisture content used for compaction should be the optimum moisture content or the field moisture as the case may be. Remove the mould by underdigging. If the soil is loose in the mould fill the annular cavity with paraffin wax. This is used for light compaction. A calibration chart showing the relation between deformation and load is provided. (Supplied at an extra cost). The Rammer (9) is the same as the one described above but its weight is 2. Take the material passing 20mm IS Sieve. Recess in the upper section makes it possible to mount the cutting collar at either end of the mould to facilitate taking undisturbed samples in the field. The guide sleeve has an upper steel head which is securely fixed to the sleeve to resist damage to the assembly by the accidental upward blows of the rammer during the compaction process. The guide sleeve has holes in both the upper and lower ends to release air which might develop a cushioning action during the compaction process. ii. Undisturbed Specimen Fit the steel cutting collar to the mould and push it as gently as possible in the ground. Trim the top and undersides so that the correct length of specimen is obtained. or any other density at which the bearing ratio is desired.6 kg and is arranged for a controlled drop of 310mm. Allowance for larger material shall be made by replacing it by an equal amount of material which passes 20mm IS Sieve but is retained on 4. Rammer : The Rammer (10) is used to compact the soil sample in the mould. digging out the soil outside as the mould is pushed in. The rammer assembly is enclosed in a tubular guide sleeve. Specimen Preparation i. This rammer is used for heavy compaction. Proving Ring : The Proving Ring is for measuring the applied load and has a capacity of 50 kN (5000 kgf). or the value of maximum dry density estimated by the compaction tests. This is 4.75mm IS Sieve.

(It is necessary to control the total volume if soil is compacted. Statically Compacted Specimen Calculate the weight of the wet soil at the required moisture content to give the desired density when occupying the standard specimen volume in the mould. until it is flush with the rim of the mould when the required volume of specimen is obtained although with some soil types it may be necessary to continue loading until the displacer disc is just below the rim in order to allow for the elastic recovery of the soil. Mix a batch of soil thoroughly with water to give the required moisture content. when the load is removed. Care shall be taken to keep the sleeve free from the soil to ensure a free fall of the rammer and the lump of the soil sticking to the rammer at any stage shall be removed. Clamp the mould with the extension collar attached to the base plate. Press the displacer disc. Keep a coarse filter paper over it. Keep the assembly in a compression machine. Scarify each layer of the compacted soil for the succeeding layer. Place a filter paper over the soil.5 kg. Place the correct weight of the moist soil in the mould clamped to the base plate with a filter paper in between.9 kg dropping from a height of 450mm. the test results will be inaccurate). For light compaction method compact the wet soil into the mould in three layers each layer being given 25 blows using the rammer weighing 2. after removing the extension is too great. Place the displacer block on the base plate with its threaded face facing the base plate.5 kg or more for granular soils and mix thoroughly with water. If the soil is to be compacted to the maximum dry density at the optimum moisture content determined in accordance with the Indian Standard Specification using light compaction or heavy compaction. since it has been found that if soil struck off. b. or more for fine grained soils and 5. Position the displacer disc on top of the filter paper with its threaded face up. take the exact weight of soil required and mix it thoroughly with the necessary quantity of water to give the determined optimum moisture content.6 kg dropping from a height of 310mm and for heavy compaction method compact the wet soil in five layers each layer being given 25 blows using the rammer weighing 4. The amount of the soil used shall be just sufficient to fill the mould leaving about 5mm to be struck off when the collar is removed. 5 . Uniformly distribute the blows over the surface of each layer.a. Dynamically Compacted Specimen Take a representative sample of the soil weighing approximately 4.

Swell Test Place a filter over the specimen if it not already there and position the perforated plate with adjustable stem on the specimen. Immerse the whole mould and weights in a tank of water allowing free access of water to the top and bottom of the specimen. Remove the surcharge weight and the perforated plate. If the the expansion ceases within 96 hours the reading may be taken upto the final expansion and report the total time of soaking. (Presuming that the soil specimen is fully saturated) note down the dial gauge readings every day against the time of reading. 6 . Remove the free water and allow the specimen to drain downwards for 15 minutes being careful to see that the surface of the specimen is not disturbed during the removal of the free water. Maintain a constant water level in the tank throughout the period. take the mould out of the water tank. however. Determine the weight of the mould with soaked soil sample. The whole weight. Fix the dial gauge to the tripod and mount on the mould. Keep this set up as such undisturbed for 96 hours. shall not be less than 5 kg. Remove the displacer disc from the plate and place a filter paper over it. Adjust the stem height such that it touches the plunger of the dial gauge fixed to the tripod when mounted on the mould. A shorter immersion period may be permissible for soils that take up moisture readily. Record the initial dial gauge reading.Remove the extension collar and carefully trim the compacted soil and the top of the mould by means of a straight edge. Patch up any hole that may then develop on the surface of the compacted soil by the removal of coarse material using smaller size material. Dismantle the mould from the base plate and record the weight of the mould and the compacted specimen. At the end of the soaking period. Invert the mould and clamp it to the base plate. if tests show that the shorter period does not effect the test results. Apply the weight to produce a surcharge equal to the weight of the base material and pavement in actual construction within 2. Test Procedure i.5 kg.

25mm/min. The load application is achieved by upward movement of the lead screw by means of an electric motor and reduction gear combination. 3. If the average moisture content of the whole specimen is desired. 0. 3. The mould is moved up so that the piston is seated centrally on the specimen and a small load less that 4kg is applied before starting to take penetration / load observations. 7 . 2.5mm.0 and 12. Position the Mould on the platen fixed to the lead screw of the jack. Penetration Test with AIM-120 Position the Load Frame on a firm level base. 1. Place the surcharge weights.5. Screw in the penetration piston (16) to the Proving Ring.5mm.0. Fix the dial guage to the bracket. Record the the maximum load and penetration if it occurs for a penetration of less than 12. take the moisture content samples from the entire depth of the specimen. 1. the surcharge shall be equal to that used during the soaking period. 5. 2.0. Consider this initial load applied to the piston as the zero load when determining the load / penetration relation.0. Apply the load on the penetration piston so that the penetration is approximately 1.0. If the specimen has been soaked previously.0.5. 7.5. Bring the piston in contact with the specimen and apply the smallest possible load but in no case in excess of 4kg so that full contact is established between the surface of the specimen and the piston.5. Set the proving ring dial guage and penetration dial gauge to zero. At the end of the test dismantle the assembly and determine the moisture content taking about 20-50g of soil from the top 3cm layer of the specimen. 10. Position the bracket in the reamed hole of the penetration piston and adjust the length of its arm such that the dial gauge plunger rests on the rim of the bracket by the locking screw on the penetration piston. sufficient to produce an intensity of loading equal to the weight of the base material and pavement within 2.ii.5kg but not less thatn 5kg. Record the load readings at penetrations of 0.

ds = initial dial gauge reading in mm. A correction is applied by drawing a tangent to the curve at the point of greatest slope.Calculations d f − ds x100 h Expansion Ratio= Where df = final dial gauge reading in mm. Corresponding to the penetration value at which the California bearing ratio is desired take the corrected load values from the load/penetration curve and calculate the CBR. h = initial height of the specimen in mm. Plot the load / penetration curve. The corrected curve is this tangent plus the convex portion of the original curve with the origin to the point where the tangent cuts the horizontal axis. Pt x100 Ps California Bearing Ratio = Where 8 Pt = Corrected unit (or total) test load corresponding to the chosen penetration from the load / penetration curve Ps = Unit (or total) standard load for the same depth of penetration as for Pt taken from the following table. .

9 . Keep the penetration piston cleaned and greased when not in use.Penetration Depth Total Standard Load mm Unit Standard Load kgf/cm² 2. 6. Never oil the spindle of the dial gauge. Keep the exposed parts of the load frame greased. Keep all the parts clean. 4.5 70 1370 5. Keep the cutting collar cleaned and greased.5 134 2630 10.0 162 3180 12.0 105 2055 7. 2. Keep the dial gauges in their boxes when not in use.5 183 3600 kgf Maintenance 1. 5. 3.

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