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The preamble of a Constitution sets out the main objectives which the legislatur

e seeks to secure for the people. It expresses what the legislature has dreamt o
r thought to achieve. It embodies the ideals which the framers of the Constituti
on wanted for the general purpose of the people in their best interests.
The Preamble of Indian Constitution declares:
We, the People of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a
Sovereign, Socialist, and Secular. Democratic Republic and to secure to all its
citizens:
Justice, social, economic and political;
Liberty, of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
Equality of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all;
Fraternity, assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity o
f the nation.
In our Constituent Assembly this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949 do hereby Ad
opt, Enact and Give to ourselves this Constitution.
In Keshavanand Bharti v. State of Kerala, AIR 1973, SC 1461, the Supreme Court h
as held the view that the Preamble is the part of the Constitution.
Chief Justice Sikrl has observed in this case as follows,
It seems to me that the Preamble of our Constitution is of extreme importance
and the Constitution should be read and interpreted in the light of the grand a
nd noble vision expressed in the Preamble.
In fact, the Preamble was relied on in infusing implied limitations on the amend
ing power of the Parliament under Article 368 of the Constitution. In this case
it was held that the basic elements of the Preamble cannot be amended under Articl
e 368.
In Randhir Singh v. Union of India, AIR 1982 S.C. 879, the Supreme Court relying
on the Preamble and Articles 14 and 16 held that Article 39(a) envisages a cons
titutional right on equal pay for equal work for both men and women.
The Preamble of Constitution serves the following purposes as the matters of its
importance:
(1) It indicates the source from which the Constitution comes into existence, Le
. The people of India.
(2) It contains the enacting clause which brings into force the Constitution.
(3) It declares the rights and freedoms which the people of India intended to se
cure to all citizens and the basic structure of the Government and the polity wh
ich was to be established.
The following objectives which the Preamble secures to every citizen are :
Justice Social, economic and political;
Liberty of thought, expression, faith and worship;
Equality of status and opportunity, and to promote among them all;

Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of t
he Nation