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KISUMU

ISUD-PLAN

PUBLIC PRESENTATION
April, 2014

FOREWORD The initiation of the Kisumu Integrated Strategic Urban Development Plan (ISUD) is in line with the County development priorities as articulated in the County Government Act. The Plan focuses on spatial aspects of development. among others. Physical Planning Act. it makes reference to the global goals of “sustainable human settlements in an urbanizing world”. This corresponds with the mandatory requirement in the Constitution of Kenya in ensuring that all human settlements are appropriately planned to facilitate socioeconomic development of all the regions of the country. 2 Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation . in the context of socio-economic environment. At the international level. Urban Areas and Cities Act. The overall goal of the ISUD-Plan is to provide a framework for Kisumu’s growth and development and to endow those in charge with both the knowledge and the tools to address the challenges of urban growth and local development for a period of 15 to 20 years. and the Millennium Development Goals. the Economic Recovery Strategy for Wealth and Employment Creation and the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper.

academic institutions. demonstrated during the preparation of the plan should be seen as a starting point towards implementation of the plan. It is my hope that this plan will make a big and positive difference in the lives of the people of the County of Kisumu and the East Africa region at large.The planning approach used in preparing the ISUD-Plan is an opportunity to further improve the participatory planning methodology. The approach was all inclusive. regional bodies.AFD. The approach used in preparing the Plan provided an opportunity to open up dialogue among the various development partners. especially Agence Française de Développement . Nodalis Conseil and other development agencies. on the shores of the largest fresh water lake in Africa. providing for direct involvement of the local people in identifying development issues. Partnerships that were built with strategic partners. The teamwork among the planners in the County and City Planning Departments and their counterparts from the various line ministries. and consultation with various stakeholders and formation of partnerships with diverse local and international development partners. able to accommodate & control growth while supporting the development of a multi-polar city through leveraging its economic assets in Industrial Processing.E. The real challenge at hand is to develop a sustainable framework for implementing the Plan. In the context of this Plan. Ultra Modern Transport System and Green Cultural Tourism”. The County Government of Kisumu is committed to facilitating the process of preparing a sustainable implementation framework. which it has embraced. JACK N. RANGUMA GOVERNOR Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation 3 . H. It is hoped that lessons learnt in the preparation of this Plan will add to the pool of experiences in the County and Country at large. Maseno University and the UN-Habitat among others. Knowledge Production. should be sustained for the benefit of all involved. the vision of the City of Kisumu is to be “A vibrant City .

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2013 Nov.THE PLAN TIMELINE Four major public forums Sept. 2013 Urban inventory and Survey Focus Group Discussion Oct. 2012 Aug. 2014 March 2014 Request for public comments Consultations process Key technical meetings : Acceptance of Inception Report Technical Meeting on ISUD-Plan Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation 5 . 2012 Nov. 2013 Jan.

This facility. from planning guidance of the plan on the other hand. stemming on the one hand from the gaps identified through the inventory. means “a place to trade”. the Kisumu Urban Project (KUP) is managed separately but in line with the ISUD-Plan Capital Investment Strategy. adequate housing supply. it identifies needed investments. Kisumo. second. economy with a city primarily organized as a landing point for flying boats. third. The ISU-Plan aims at contributing to Kisumu’s revival. it brings together the knowledge needed to take informed decisions with the findings of an urban inventory and analysis of the city dynamics exposed in part I of this document and compiled into a GIS-based urban database.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Integrated Strategic Urban Development Plan (ISUD-Plan) has been developed at the instigation of the Kenyan Ministry of local governments (MoLG) and the Kisumu County Government. infill development and re-zoning. Its purpose is to guide strategic investments in the third city of Kenya. terminus for the Uganda railway and freight and passenger port serving the whole Lake region. history and how the modern city was created as a trading post named Port Florence on a site which Luo name. . growth areas. commercial activities and. first. The purpose of the Integrated Strategic Urban Development Plan (ISUD-Plan) is to provide a framework for Kisumu’s growth and development and to endow those in charge with both the knowledge and the tools to address the challenges of urban growth and local development. mobility through overhauling and extension of the transport grid. This influential city rapidly grew in size and population after independence in 1963 but its dynamism was severely affected by the collapse og the East Africa Community in 1977. valorisation of key assets and potential. previously as Kisumu Municipal Council (KMC) with the support of the Agence Française de Développement (AFD). it provides planning guidance with regard to land use. special planning areas . including an AFD’s 40 million Euro financing facility. Design of the ISUD-Plan presented in part II has been underpinned by a few planning principles based on good practice and understanding of trends. mobility. These form the capital investment strategy. Lake Victoria and location in the sub-region. pressures and the assets of Kisumu : growth control through adequate land release. The organisation was reviced at the turn of the 20th century and Kisumu has an important role to play as a 6 Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation major urban centre at the heart of the region. The ISUD-Plan is led by a holistic approach encompassing all key aspects of urban development taking into account : geography and the specificity of Kisumu’s unique location on the shore of Lake Victoria . adequate and equitable repartition of services and amenities . denser and conducive to business growth. The ISUD-Plan is built in three parts. informal settlements and housing. in view of promoting a city which is more inclusive.

INTEGRATED PLANNING APPROACH CONDITIONS ANALYSIS DEMOGRAPHIE LEGAL FRAMEWORK Sectoral surveys FRAMEWORKS ANALYSIS URBAN INVENTORY Demography ECONOMY & BUSINESS TRANSPORTATION & MOBILITY Land uses Transportation Institutional framework CAPITAL INVESTMENT STRATEGY Water sector PARTICIPATION GOVERNANCE INTEGRATED PLANNING INFRASTRUCTURE & SERVICES GIS-BASED CITY MODEL Power Sanitation Health PUBLIC REALM HERITAGE ENVIRONMENT URBAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY Legal & regulatory tramework On-going and planned projects Education Markets & trading FINAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT STRATEGY HOUSING KISUMU INTEGRATED STRATEGIC URBAN DEVELOPMENT PLAN Taking into consideration all influencing factors The planning and design process Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation 7 .

The CIS will be used primarily as a guide for the AFD’s KUP. 8 Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation . This part constitutes a hard copy version of the GIS-based city model. It supersedes previous planning documents. In addition it includes. Planning for Kisumu Future constitutes the ISUD-Plan. the Plan itself. including : a Capital Investment Strategy (CIS). which lists short. recommendations. implementation recommendations. The GIS-based city model can be updated as the plan is implemented or as other projects are delivered. medium and long term investments. a sector map. Investments have been identified and selected based. on the one hand. on the second hand on requirements stemming from the Plan. which describes how to translate the Plan into reality so that change becomes visible on the ground. It is the reference planning document for the city. the Urban Inventory shows the results of the sectoral surveys carried out as part of the preparation of the plan. a Capital Investment Strategy and. a description. Implementing the ISUD-Plan. an analysis. This part includes recommendations on which actions to embark upon first as well as a brief description of studies to be undertaken with regard to KUP-financed investments in view of the preparation of terms of reference to commissioned them. Part 3. It is organized in three parts: Part 1. The Plan will inform and guide planning and investment initiatives by the Count and relevant line ministries. It is the knowledge tool for the use of Kisumu leaders. It is also intended to steer public investment planning by key players identified in the above diagram and Implementation guidelines. It is a holistic and practical document including essential baseline data. on findings from the Urban Inventory and.HOW TO USE THIS DOCUMENT The ISUD-Plan has been prepared primarily for the use of the city planning authority. Understanding Kisumu. short term actions. Part 2. for each sector. and a capital investment plan.

It is a projection in the future of what the city could become based on its present assets and potential as well as gaps and needs. THE CITY ON THE LAKE «A vibrant City. Knowledge Production. From the Vision can stem emerging strategies for urban development. VISION FORMING PROCESS 1 2 PERCEPTION AND DIAGNOSTIC ASPIRATIONS AND HOW TO GET THERE 3 FORMULATION OF THE VISION on the shores of the largest fresh water lake in Africa. These strategies can partly be implemented through urban planning. Ultra-Modern Transport System and Green Cultural Tourism.» ISUD-PLAN VISIONING Workshop 22-23 November 2012 Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation 9 .VISION FOR KISUMU A vision consists into a holistic portrait of a desired city drawn with aspirations of the largest array of stakeholders. able to accommodate & control growth while supporting the development of a multipolar city through leveraging its economic assets in Industrial Processing.

In addition to a growing slum belt circling it almost entirely. agriculture and fishing and related activities.RATIONALE Planning for Kisumu’s development must address a number of inter-related issues described at length in Understanding Kisumu and recalled here: The city’s growth pattern has been mainly organic for the last 50 years with only a few new parts of it and a few buildings produced through planned development. . Housing deficit has grown steadily and has been bridged mainly by way of spontaneous responses either through small scale community development by private developers or. transport and logistics and related services. higher education. such as transport and logistics with port and railway business at a standstill for two decades. Kisumu is manageable in size and in population. public and private sector. industry with cotton mill and brewery now closed. Kisumu remained pushed away from the lake by the KRC holding despite the area not being in use anymore. civil society. This dynamic of growth has hardly been supported by public investments neither kept in check through timely land release and appropriate zoning. The enduring attractivity of Kisumu has not been on a par with livelihood and employment opportunities: major economic actors and activities have either disappeared or became dormant. rice and aquaculture on a slow take off and tourism hardly developed despite the region high potential. sugar striving. A successful outcome however will require a strong mobilization of all actors. City and county are at a turning point today. it remained ensconced in a gridiron layout mostly intended at the time to serve port and railway activities and to render in space the social divide of the colonial organization. its environment is particularly conducive to growth in sectors with high job generation potential: tourism. 10 Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation As much as the city could not reinvent itself. The ISUD-Plan is intended to help free Kisumu’s potential and to help its authorities and residents capitalize it. through self-built substandard housing. for the majority.

RATIONALE Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation 11 .

Vision 2030 acknowledges the pivotal role the city could play in the planned overhauling of the larger region transport infrastructure – a role Kisumu had for more than half of the last century and which capital investments in rail (Mombasa . intend to: • Provide for a predicted population growth of around 300 000 people (45% increase) by 2030 • Guide urban growth so as to contain the urban footprint extension.DESIGN BRIEF Kisumu is one of Kenya Vision 2030 flagship city. achieve an efficient density and an adequate repartition of services and amenities • Reconnect the city and the lake to make Kisumu a true lakeside city • Provide better mobility and accessibility to and within the city • Re-integrate and restructure the slum belt • Prevent sprawl and slum formation through adapted housing supply and zoning • Provide land for undersupplied land uses. redevelopment of lines to Jinja and Mwanza. developed according to an integrated approach considering the variety of urban sectors and scales.Kampala railway). port (planned PPP for Kisumu port development and operation.Kisumu . new one to Kemondo Bay) and road (KTTCA-NC) infrastructure as well as the ISUD-Plan should revitalize. In this view the Plan proposals. as such the city has been assigned a specific role within the country national development policy and will benefit from important public investments. in adapted size and location • Protect and valorize Kisumu’s natural environment • Protect and valorize Kisumu’s heritage • Improve public realm 12 Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation . The ISUD-Plan should help Kisumu’s development momentum through the provision of a renewed spatial organization improving living conditions for all and conducive to business.

OUR CITY AND ITS REGION SOUTH SUDAN ETHIOPIA Kampala SOMALIA Eldoret Jinja Kakamega forest reserve Kisumu Port Bell Kisumu Lake Nakuru National Park Nairobi Bukoba Kigali Eldoret KENYA UGANDA Lamu RWANDA Kemondo Bay BURUNDI Mt Kenya Mwanza 5199 Mwanza Ruma Nat Park Karungu Mombasa Masai Mara TANZANIA Indian Ocean Port Boma Nairobi Serengeti Kisumu Regional Transportation Context Transport links (rail and waterways) Pipeline project Roads Victoria lake 0 50 100 200 Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation 13 .

coordinated between proposed initiatives and with other major investments. they form the Kisumu Integrated Strategic Urban Development Plan. the blueprint for Kisumu’s future. CBD. especially economic activities and housing including affordable housing • Provision of space within designated areas to accommodate predictable spatial needs based on demographic projection • Creation of new sub centers destined to attract and anchor urban extension. coastal area) • Identification of 10 Densification Areas allowing infill development and retrofitting of under . all intending to rekindle trade and better street and handicraft vendors conditions • Provision of space for land uses currently under-supplied through zoning and planning guidance. a typical land use schedule is proposed for each of them The implementation of the Plan is expected to provide a robust growth impetus as long as it is timely. valorize it and protect people from natural hazards through zoning regulations • Creation of 5 Special Planning Areas identified according to their high strategic value and for which specific planning guidelines will apply (Nyalenda and Manyatta A & B. .used pieces of publicly owned land. as set by the city leaders through a number of consultations and a sustained dialogue with a variety of stakeholders. Each chapter in this part shows how they are applied and how. creation of a wholesale market. creation of souks and of a network of kiosks.TOOLS The ISUD-Plan calls upon a range of planning tools to contribute to Kisumu achieving its development objectives. together. KRC lake front holding. Planning tools used for the ISUD-Plan include: • Management of the natural environment in order to protect it. Sub centers are located where a high concentration of transit-linked activities is already emerging. a land use schedule is proposed for each of them 14 Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation • Market strategy with refurbishment of selected markets.

TWO SCENARIOS FOR KISUMU Land needeed in the future if we do nothing The size of our city today Scenario 1 : if we do nothing Land needeed in the future with the Plan The size of our city today Scenario 2 : with the Plan Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation 15 .

LAND NEEDS Kisumu today Kisumu growing around the lake 16 Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation Kisumu according to the Plan .

Here. Here we will have a new neighbourhood with shops. with potable water.THE HAPA MAP Here. schools. where there is a lot of room. dispensaries. playgrounds. where the slope is dangerous. family promenade. we will have only a few little houses. Here we will have a new commercial area Here is where Kisumu will grow with new homes. boating and a whole new neighbourhood. keep trees to hold the ground. Here we will protect the wetlands for future generations and for the lake health and for fish. Here is where factories and workshops will be settled. we take back the lakefront with a big park with cafés. we will remember the history of our city by keeping older buildings. public lighting. restaurants. We relocate the freight port. more and new roads will be built. shops and roads. c Nodalis Conseil Kisumu ISUD-Plan / Public presentation 17 . Here. offices and flats Here will be the new passenger and freight train station Here we will protect the coast for everyone to use it. Here we will have a family park along the river. for the health of the lake and for tourism. we will build new homes. Here. Here. parks and also better homes.

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