You are on page 1of 2

Name:

Date:

Period:

Day:

Ecology Vocabulary
Use the following words and match them with the correct definition. Then, draw a picture for each
vocabulary word.
Predator
Parasitism
Wetland

Prey
Competition
Coral Reef
WORD

Symbiosis
Limiting Factor
Estuary

Mutualism
Native Species

DEFINITION

An environment factor that


prevents an organism or population
from reaching its full potential of
size or activity.
An area where fresh water mixes
with salt water from the ocean.
An organism that is killed and
eaten by another organism.
A species that was not introduced
and that naturally occurs in a given
ecosystem both in the past and
now.
An area of land that is periodically
underwater or whose soil contains a
great deal of moisture.
An organism that kills and eats all
or part of another organism.
A limestone ridge found in tropical
climates and composed of coral
fragments that are deposited around
organic remains.
A species introduced either by
accident or on purpose by human
actions into places beyond the
species natural range.
A relationship in which two
different organisms live in close
association with each other.
Ecological relationship in which
two or more organisms depend on
the same limited resource.
A relationship between two species
in which both species benefit.
A relationship between two species
in which one species, the parasite,
benefits from the other species, the
host, which is harmed.
A relationship between two
organisms in which one organism
benefits and the other is unaffected.

Commensalism
Introduced Species
PICTURE

Carnivore
Consumer
Population

Ecology
Niche
Community
WORD

Food Chain
Decomposer
Food web

Producer
Ecosystem

Habitat
Abiotic Factor

DEFINITION

The study of how organisms


interact with one another and
with the environment.
A nonliving part of an
environment.
Includes organisms that are
closely related and can mate to
produce fertile offspring.
A community of organisms and
their nonliving environment.
The role the population plays in
the ecosystem
An organism that gets energy
and nutrients by breaking down
the remains of other organisms.
A consumer that eats only plants.
A consumer that eats both plants
and animals
The feeding relationships among
organisms in an ecosystem and
are made up of many food
chains.
A living part of the environment.
A group of individuals of the
same species that live in the
same place.
Made up of all the species that
live and interact in an area.
The place where an organism
usually lives.
Uses energy to make own food.
An organism that eats other
organisms
A consumer that east other
animals.
The path of energy transfer from
producers to consumers in one
direction.

Herbivore
Omnivore

Species
Biotic Factor

PICTURE