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Lesson 1 Horror Films

a ghost is a spirit of a dead person. Some people think that


can see ghosts. They usually live in a haunted house.
a monster a large frightening creature. They are usually a
imaginary. Frankenstein is a monster.
a vampire Its a bad kind of monster. They drink people
blood. Vampires dont like garlic, sun or crosses.
a witch a woman who has magic powers and she uses them
to do bad things to the people. She rides in a broom and she
can make magic drinks which are called portions.
a werewolf is a man who can turn into a wolf.
a seance a meeting where people try to talk to ghost.
a cemetery is a place where dead peoples are buried.
Simple Present Tense
I always go to horror films. (Describe events that happens
regularly)
A witch rides a broom. (Makes statements or facts, Saturdays
come after Fridays)
John believes in ghosts. (Express opinion. My favorite games
is Rugby)
The negative form of the simple present is:
I dont always go to horror films.
A witch doesnt ride a broom.
John doesnt believe in ghosts.
The questions form of the simple present is:
Do you always go to horror films?
Does a witch ride a broom?
Does John believe in ghosts?
Look and Listen
Marie loves to wear a werewolf costume on Halloween.
Ken thinks there is a ghost under his bed.

Raymond never goes to the cinema if there is a horror film


playing.
Casper is a friendly ghost.
Read and repeat
Witches never were orange clothes.
Susans favorite film is Scream.
Olga doesnt want to see that horror film again.
Frankenstein has a big forehead.
Present Continuous or Present Progressive (Describes
actions that happen at the moment or right now)
The witch is riding a broom.
Dracula is playing at that theater next week. (Describe some
action in the future)
The boys are walking in the cemetery.
The mad scientist is making a monster. (He is making a
monster now)
Negative form
The witch isnt riding a broom.
The boys arent walking in the cemetery.
Verbs that dont take present progressive
to love I love
to feel I feel
to need I need
Frankenstein is lying on a bed.
Frankenstein isnt running.
The people are looking at Frankenstein.
Look and Listen
The monster is chasing the dog.
Those people arent going to the horror film tonight.

The witch is making a potion.


Lana is sitting in the front of the theater because she loves
horror films.
Read and Repeat
The vampires arent sleeping now.
The new horror film is playing at the Roxy.
The man is changing into a werewolf.
Joe is always thinking about ghosts.
Future Tense (Will/ to be + Going to)
I will go to the horror film with you tomorrow. (for prediction,
promises and requests)
Jim is going to draw a picture of a witch. (Future plan or
intention)
The vampire wont wake up during the day.
Dracula is going to change into a bat.
Look and Listen
The man will change into a werewolf at midnight.
Dracula wont wake up until nighttime.
Paul is going to rent a horror film video.
The witches are going to meet in the cemetery.
Read and Repeat
Paul wont go to the horror film this weekend.
Frankenstein is going to be angry at the scientist.
A vampire will not go near that cross.
The monster is going to die.
Simple Past (Describe action or situation that began and
ended in the past)
Frankenstein ate the dog. (yesterday)
Dracula drank the blood. (last week)
The horror film started at 8:00.

The witch didnt make a new poison.


Regular verbs
to walk walked
to jump Jumped
Irregular verbs
to eat ate
to hide hid
to break broke
Look and Listen
The witches flew over my house last night.
The monster broke the mans arm.
The horror film finished at 11:00.
The video store didnt rent the horror film to the little boy.
Read and Repeat
The vampire didnt wake up at midnight.
The man changed into a werewolf.
The witch rode a new broom last week.
Alice said her grandmother looked like a witch.
Past Continuous (describes an action or activity that was
happening in a recent past, in progress in a recent past, in a
specific time in the past, or during a period of time in the past)
I was watching the horror film on TV. I wasnt watching
We were watching the horror film on TV. We werent
watching
The monster was screaming. The monster wasnt screaming.
Julie was renting a horror film while her mother was at home.
Julie wasnt renting
Frankenstein was running from the angry people. Frankenstein
wasnt running

Look and Listen


The ghosts were walking in the cemetery.
The monster was chasing the people.
The witch was mixing the love poison.
The teenagers werent watching the horror film.
Read and Repeat
The werewolf was running away from the man with the gun.
The horror film was playing at the new theater.
The bats were flying over the castle.
Yvonne was drawing a picture of Casper.
The present perfect (can describe a action that dont
specified time in the past; we dont know when)
The vampires have started to wake up.
The bats have lived in that castle for ten years.
The ghost has just flown away.
I havent been to the cemetery in three years.
Some adverbs
already, just and recently
ever, never, still and yet
Look and Listen
The vampire has just left the castle.
We havent seen Halloween yet.
The ghost has already gone back to the haunted house.
Dracula hasnt opened his coffin yet.
Read and Repeat
We havent gone to the cemetery in two years.
The vampire has smelled the garlic!
Most people havent arrived for the new horror film.
The witch has made a new evil poison.

Review
Present Tense
A witch RIDES a broom.
A vampire DOESNT LIKE the sun.
Frankenstein always WALKS slowly.
Present Continuous
Dracula IS SLEEPING in his coffin.
The vampire IS CHANGING into a bat.
Casper IS always SMILING.
The bad ghost IS LIVING in that house.
The witches ARE FLYING on their brooms.
The witch ISNT WEARING her hat.
Future Tense
I WILL go to the horror film with my sister. I promised her.
Henry IS GOING to go to the horror film tonight.
WILL you come with me to the cemetery tonight?
Past and Past Continuous
What WAS the witch DOING two hours ago?
A ghost! I DIDNT SEE a ghost!
I think you are crazy!
Where?
Frankenstein WAS a very scary film. WERE you afraid?
Present Perfect
The ghosts HAVE BEEN (be) in the haunted house for ten
minutes.
The vampires HAVE DRUNK (drink) the blood.
The bats HAVENT LEFT (not leave) the castle yet.
The bats FLEW over the castle yesterday. The bats WERE
FLYING
WILL you GO to the horror film with me tomorrow?
HAVE you SEEN the new horror film yet?
Listen and Write
1. Witches are ugly people.
2. The monster doesnt have two arms.

3. We are going to see the new horror film tomorrow.


4. Allan thinks it will be very scary.
5. Look! The vampire is waking up.
6. The mad scientist has created a new monster.
7. Kevin wore a Dracula costume to the Halloween party.
8. The werewolves were howling at the moon.
9. We havent seen that horror film yet.
10.The ghost wasnt very friendly.
Read and Answer
Lou is a doctor. He has been a doctor for ten years. He
still lives in the same house. He has lived in that house since
he was a boy. He doesnt want to move. There is a haunted
house next door. Lous hobby is the study of ghosts.
When Lou was a child, he didnt believe in ghosts. One
day, he was playing baseball with his friends. His brother
threw the ball and it broke a window in the house next door.
When Lou went to get the ball, he saw a ghost. It was
standing in the hallway. Lou wasnt afraid. It was a friendly
ghost. Lou went to the house again the next day. Soon, Lou
and the ghost were friends.
Lou has gone back to that house hundreds of time since
that first day. He has met many other ghosts in that house.
They are all friendly. He has bought many books about ghosts
and next year he hopes he will go to Europe. He is going to
visit Transylvania.
1. How long has Lou been a doctor?
He has been a
doctor for ten years.
2. How long has Lou lived in the same house? He
has
lived in the same house since he was a boy.
3. What is Lous hobby?
Studying ghosts is Lous
hobby.
4. Did Lou believe in ghosts when he was a child?
No,
he didnt.
5. What did Lous brother throw through the window? He
threw a ball through the window.

6. What did Lou see in the hallway?


Lou saw a ghost
in the hallway.
7. What wasnt Lou afraid? It was a friendly ghost.
8. How many times has Lou gone to the back to that
house?
Lou has gone back to the house hundreds
of time.
9. Are all the ghosts in the house friendly?
Yes,
they
are.
10.Where is Lou going to go next year? He wants to go to
Europe and visit Transylvania.

Lesson 2 Rock n Roll


Musical instruments - Sentence structure and pronouns
New vocabulary
a drum is a musical instrument that you hit with your hands
or stick (drumstick).
an electric guitar is a musical instrument that you play
with your fingers or with a pick. It is usually connected in an
amplifier to make loud music and has 6 strings.
an acoustic guitar it is like an electric guitar, except its
sound is soft. It doesnt have a sound make loud electronically.
a bass guitar it is a musical instrument with 4 strings. It is
usually use to play low notes.
a tambourine it is a circular musical instrument with small
pieces of metal around its edge that make sound when you
shake it.
an organ It is a large musical instrument with one or more
keyboards.
a band it is a group of musician who play popular music.
The man that sings in a band is called Lead singer or the lead
vocalist.
a microphone it is a piece of equipment to speak to make
your voice louder.
Subject

+ verb

+ object

The singer
The man
(direct)
Madonna
U2

was drinkinga beer. (direct)


played
his new
is making
will play

guitar

last

a new album. (direct)


a new song. (direct)

The drummer broke the drumstick.


The band doesnt have an organist.
Look and Listen
The ban doesnt have an organist.
The guitarist needs a new pick.
Larry bought a new tambourine.
That Gibson is a beautiful guitar!
Read and Repeat
I prefer to play an acoustic guitar.
The Beatles were a band.
The lead vocalist has a new microphone.
The bass player is a girl.
He sang a song to me. (indirect object)
She played the guitar for him. (indirect object)
The lead singer gave Jean an autograph. (indirect object)
Complements (adjective or noun)
The lead vocalist is Irish.
The drummer seems angry.
The guitarist is handsome.
The electric guitar is expensive.
The lead singer seems angry.
Look and Listen
The lead vocalist is Italian. He is very sexy.
The organist is American. He is very tall.

night.

Read and Repeat


The Rolling Stones are from England.
Their drummer is bald.
The guitarist doesnt look tired.
The bass guitarist was in a bad mood.
Adjectives give us more information about noun or pronoun
He is the best guitarist in the band.
The man played a red organ.
The curly haired singer had a great voice.
Fred is a terrible drummer.
Adjective
Good
Nice
Young

Comparative
Superlative
Better
Best
Nicer
Nicest
Younger
Youngest

SIZE, COLOR, ORIGIN, MATERIAL, PURPOSE, NOUN


The small, purple, German, wooden, base guitar was on the
table.
Look and Listen
The Beatles had long hair.
Marys favorite band is Led Zeppelin.
They arent using a new microphone!
The French group was playing romantic music.
Read and Repeat
The organist is the most handsome man in the band.
The lead guitarist was using a broken pick.
Pink Floyd played strange music.
She is the best vocalist in America.

Adverbs (a word or a group of words that describes or adds


the meaning to the verb, adjective or another adverb).
They can be
time: early, late, yesterday;
manner: well, quickly;
place: upstairs, downstairs;
frequency: always, often, sometimes, really.
Adverbs always appear in the end of the sentences, but
sometimes we can use in the beginning or in the middle of the
sentence. NEVER can be used in the middle of the sentence.
The guitarist played quickly.
Marie always listens to Chuck Berry.
I am going to buy a tambourine tomorrow.
He plays the drums well.
Look and Listen
The band walked slowly to the stage.
The famous organist died yesterday.
The drummer plays well.
The bass guitarist just ran upstairs.
Read and Repeat
Ken plays the tambourine easily.
Allan often goes to rock concerts.
The band arrived late for the show.
Yesterday I met Paul McCartney.
Prepositions is the word we use to show the way which
other words are connected. A preposition usually comes
before a noun or pronoun. It can come also in the end of the
clause in certain structure.
The band played on the stage.
The guitarist put his pick in his pocket.
The concert will start at 8:00.
The lead singer held his tambourine above his head.

Its not something I am interested in.


Some word always comes with prepositions.
The guitarist was kind to his friends.
She is good at singing.
Look and Listen
The singer jumped off the stage into the crowd.
The microphone was in its holder.
Carl loves to listen to rock music on his CD player.
The teens left for the concert at 12:00.
Read and Repeat
In the morning, I am going to buy the new Neil Young CD.
Fritzs favorite concert was at Madison Square Garden.
The organist played in the middle of the stage.
The drummer put his drumsticks on top of his snare drum.
Conjunctions connects phrase, clauses or sentences.
The girl plays bass and the man plays electric guitar.
The amplifier broke, so we cancelled the show.
He cant play guitar but his sister can.
She hates rock music because she says it has no melody.
Rita loves rock music but her father hates it.
Look and Listen
The concert started at 8:00 so we had to leave early.
I need a new microphone but I dont have enough money.
Jimmy Page played a 12 string guitar and John Paul Jones
played a mandolin.
Larry doesnt have any CDs because he doesnt like music.
Read and Repeat
The singer started to sing but he couldnt. He had a sore
throat.

Van Halen is playing again and the band will star a 49 city tour
soon.
I didnt have a ticket so I couldnt go to the concert.
The Rolling Stones didnt play Angie because Keith Richards
forgot his acoustic guitar.
Pronouns is a word that we use in the place of noun or
noun phrases.
Subject pronouns are pronouns that we use in a place of
subjects.
Object pronouns are used in a place of the objects of the
verbs.
Reflexive pronouns are used as object of a verb or preposition
when the object and the subject are the same.
Possessive pronouns is used to show possession. They not
follow by a noun.
I play the drums. (subject pronoun)
She gave her two tambourines. (her = object pronoun)
I built the guitar myself. (myself = reflexive pronoun)
That amplifier is his.
SUBJECT
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They

OBJECT
Me
You
Him
Her
It
Us
You
Them

REFLEXIVE
Myself
Yourself
Himself
Herself
Itself
Ourselves
Yourselves
Themselves

Look and Listen


I bought her the new Sting CD for her birthday.
Did you learn to play the guitar by yourself?
This tambourine is yours.
The guitarist gave them all autographs.

POSSESSIVE
Mine
Yours
His
Hers
Its
Ours
Yours
Theirs

Read and Repeat


They left the concert early.
These concert tickets are ours!
George went to the concert by himself.
I told you to bring your camera to the show!
Review
The lead vocalist sang her a beautiful song.
Vocalist is the subject.
Sang is the verb.
Song is the direct object.
Her is the indirect object.
The guitarist threw a pick to his bass player.
Guitarist is the subject.
Threw is the verb.
Pick is the object.
Bass player is the indirect object.
The organist is Russian.
Organist is the subject.
Is is the verb.
Russian is the complement.
Adjectives
Ringo Star: He has long hair. He is an excellent drummer. He
has a strange voice.
Anastasia: Her hair is blond. She sings romantic songs. She is
a very sex woman.
Jimmy Hendrix: He played the guitar with the left hand. He
had black curly hair.
Adverbs
Monika NEVER goes to rock concerts. She doesnt like them.

Walk SLOWLY! The concert doesnt start for two more hours.
I cant go to the concert TOMORROW. I have to study.
Prepositions
Under The tambourine is under the chair.
Pronouns
Cindy went to a concert. Henry had bought HER a ticket.
Alex went to the concert by HIMSELF.
Give ME the tickets! You will lose them. I will put them in my
pocket.
Listen and Write
1. The singer played a tambourine.
2. The guitarist was drinking a coffee.
3. The bass player was wearing black, faded jeans.
4. The beautiful vocalist threw the pink roses into the
happy audience.
5. The organist played his solo slowly.
6. Robert always buys his concert tickets at the door.
7. I want to meet the bass player and my brother wants to
meet the drummer.
8. We were waiting outside for an autograph, but Rod
Steward had already left.
9. You can go to the concert by yourselves!
10.That guitar pick is mine.
Read and Answer
Callie is a groupie! This means that she loves to go to
exciting rock concerts and meet the musicians in the band.
When the show is finished, she always tries to go backstage
by herself. Sometimes she is lucky. Sometimes, a big, angry
security guard escorts her outside quickly.
Fortunately, one of the security guards is her boyfriend.
He sometimes helps her go backstage and meet the stars.
Sometimes, he cant help her because his boss is working.

Callie has met many famous stars. She met Bruce


Springsteen in March. She thought he was friendly. He was
busy but he still found a minute to meet her. She met Avril
Lavigne last summer. Avril was very shy and quiet. It was her
first tour.
Callie wants to meet Bono. She wants him to give her
an autograph. Unfortunately, U2 is not on tour this summer.
Callie is Irish so, of course, she loves U2.
1. What is a groupie?
A groupie is a person who
likes to meet rock stars.
2. What does Callie always try to do when the show is
finished?
She always tries to go backstage by
herself.
3. What is her boyfriends job?
He is security guard.
4. Why cant he help her sometimes?
He cant help her
sometimes because his boss is there.
5. Who did Callie meet in March? She
met
Bruce
Springsteen in March.
6. What did she think about Bruce Springsteen?
She
thought he was friendly.
7. When did she meet Avril Lavigne?
She met Avril last
summer.
8. Why was Avril shy?It was her first tour.
9. Who is Bono?
He is in the group U2.
10.What is Callies nationality?
She is Irish.

Lesson 3 Space
Passive: simple present tense
New vocabulary
Astronomy it is study of stars and planets.
A telescope it is an instrument which we use to see stars and
planets seems closer.
A nova a star which explodes and became bright for short
time.
A constellation it is a group of stars that have a shape and a
name.

A comet a bright bow with a long tail and moves around the
sun.

Lesson 20 Review: Lessons 10-18


Each aisle is dirty.
It seems like we went to every grocery store in the city.
There were several kinds of cereal on sale.
Teds Grocery Store had many shoppers.
each; every; several and many = expression of
quantity: come before a countable nouns
a little; much; a great deal of; plus = come before non
countable nouns.
There was a great deal of noise in the store.
Most; all; a lot of; plenty of: come before countable
and non-countable nouns.
There were plenty of shoppers at the store. (countable)
There was plenty of traffic in front of the grocery store.
(uncountable)