Ballroom from the latin word “ballere” which means to dance is a set of couple dances done socially and competitively. History -Ballroom originated in Europe and was brought to America. -Dances usually done in ballrooms. -The allemande, contredanse and cotillion and other court dances declined because of the French revolution and the Industrialization of England. -In America dancing was associated with social success. -The American Revolution stimulated industrial production which triggered the migration of people from rural areas and other countries. Ballroom dancing in public dance halls became their form of recreation. -Dancing became a sinful act to the church due to its “sensual”nature. -Dancing costumes became less bulky as compared to the renaissance period. Dancers were advise to wear comfortable and light clothing due to the physical nature of the dance. WALTZ -A sliding or gliding dance -Used in ballroom competitions -Criticized for its closer hold and rapid turning movements -usually danced in ¾ time -There have been a lot of variations waltz which varies with more forward and backward movement and the feet comfortably positioned for walking.  Hesitation waltz  Viannese waltz  Country waltz  Modern waltz POLKA - Originally a Czech peasant dance - from “pulka” which means “half-step” due to the rapid shift from one foot to the other. -has a basic step of hop-step-close-step with a lively Bohemian dance tune in 2/4 time. TANGO -Originated in Spain. -Called Baile Con Corte otherwise referred to as the “dance with a stop” -It is done with the couple having space between their bodies, or in close embrace. The couple is closely connected at either the chest or the hip area and

the movement is accompanied by strong, dramatic head snaps. -Danced with 4/4 time music. TWO STEP Consisted of a series of chasses either forward or sideward to a 2/4 or 4/4 music. FOXTROT -The name was from the its pioneer Harry Fox a vaudeville actor. -Danced in a slow-slow-quick-quick rhythm with a low 4/4 music. QUICKSTEP Dance steps involved a lot of hops, runs, quick steps and rotation. RUMBA -Originated in Cuba -The word "rumba" comes from the verb "rumbear" which means going to parties, dancing, and having a good time. -The American Rumba has a box pattern similar to the waltz but with much smaller steps. SAMBA -A Brazilian folk dance. It was and is danced as a festival dance during the street festivals and celebrations. -Danced in a 2/4 time music CHA CHA -Originally known as cha cha cha -The dance consists of three quick steps (triple step or cha cha cha) and two slower steps on the one beat and two beat. COMPETITIONS International Style International Standard Slow Waltz - Tango - Viennese Waltz - Slow Foxtrot - Quickstep International Latin Cha-cha-cha- Samba - Rumba - Paso Doble - Jive American Style American Smooth Waltz - Tango - Foxtrot - Viennese Waltz American Rhythm Cha Cha - Rumba - East Coast Swing - Bolero - Mambo Source:

Stephenson R., & Iaccarino J. (1980). The complete book of ballroom dancing. Doubleday Dell Group, Inc., New York.

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